Play Video
1
Shel Silverstein on "The Johnny Cash Show"
Shel Silverstein on "The Johnny Cash Show"
::2008/10/09::
Play Video
2
The Actual
The Actual '73 Giving Tree Movie Spoken By Shel Silverstein
::2008/04/10::
Play Video
3
shel silverstein - Fuck
shel silverstein - Fuck 'em
::2009/09/24::
Play Video
4
Shel Silverstein - Fuck
Shel Silverstein - Fuck 'Em - Fuck 'Em
::2013/10/02::
Play Video
5
Shel Silverstein:
Shel Silverstein: 'Ickle Me, Pickle Me, Tickle Me Too' from Where the Sidewalk Ends
::2009/09/21::
Play Video
6
Shel Silverstein - "Boa Constrictor,  Sarah Cynthia & Unicorn"
Shel Silverstein - "Boa Constrictor, Sarah Cynthia & Unicorn"
::2011/09/20::
Play Video
7
Dr Hook & The Medicine Show - "Sylvia´s Mother"   From Shel´s Houseboat!
Dr Hook & The Medicine Show - "Sylvia´s Mother" From Shel´s Houseboat!
::2011/01/06::
Play Video
8
Old Dogs/Shel Silverstein ~ still gonna die
Old Dogs/Shel Silverstein ~ still gonna die
::2011/04/10::
Play Video
9
I was stoned and I missed it - Shel Silverstein
I was stoned and I missed it - Shel Silverstein
::2008/07/24::
Play Video
10
Shel Silverstein  -   "Show It At The Beach"
Shel Silverstein - "Show It At The Beach"
::2011/09/20::
Play Video
11
The Great Smoke Off
The Great Smoke Off
::2007/07/09::
Play Video
12
Crocodile
Crocodile's Toothache (By Shel Silverstein)
::2008/01/31::
Play Video
13
Shel Silverstein-A Front Row Seat to Hear Old Johnny Sing
Shel Silverstein-A Front Row Seat to Hear Old Johnny Sing
::2010/08/27::
Play Video
14
Shel Silverstein introducing the group Dr Hook - From Shel´s Houseboat
Shel Silverstein introducing the group Dr Hook - From Shel´s Houseboat
::2011/02/06::
Play Video
15
Shel Silverstein - Freakin
Shel Silverstein - Freakin' At The Freaker's Ball
::2011/01/03::
Play Video
16
Shel Silverstein Poetry: "The Dirtiest Man in the World"
Shel Silverstein Poetry: "The Dirtiest Man in the World"
::2013/12/14::
Play Video
17
Shel Silverstein - Who
Shel Silverstein - Who's your Daddy, Sue?
::2011/02/02::
Play Video
18
Sara Cynthia Sylvia Stout!
Sara Cynthia Sylvia Stout!
::2008/07/15::
Play Video
19
Quaaludes Again by Shel Silverstein
Quaaludes Again by Shel Silverstein
::2013/11/09::
Play Video
20
The Smoke Off-Shel Silverstein
The Smoke Off-Shel Silverstein
::2012/07/25::
Play Video
21
Shel Silverstein - My Mind Keeps Movin
Shel Silverstein - My Mind Keeps Movin'
::2012/10/31::
Play Video
22
Shel Silverstein - Dirty Ol
Shel Silverstein - Dirty Ol' Me
::2011/12/28::
Play Video
23
Shel Silverstein - Fuck
Shel Silverstein - Fuck 'Em - The Dope
::2013/10/02::
Play Video
24
Shel Silverstein Where the Sidewalk Ends Sister For Sale animation
Shel Silverstein Where the Sidewalk Ends Sister For Sale animation
::2011/08/16::
Play Video
25
Shel Silverstein- Where the Sidewalk Ends
Shel Silverstein- Where the Sidewalk Ends
::2011/08/24::
Play Video
26
Shel Silverstein-The Unicorn
Shel Silverstein-The Unicorn
::2011/10/05::
Play Video
27
Shel Silverstein Boa Constrictor
Shel Silverstein Boa Constrictor
::2013/06/02::
Play Video
28
Narration of The Giving Tree - by Shel Silverstein
Narration of The Giving Tree - by Shel Silverstein
::2013/03/02::
Play Video
29
Shel Silverstein: Lafcadio, the Lion Who Shot Back
Shel Silverstein: Lafcadio, the Lion Who Shot Back
::2009/05/26::
Play Video
30
Shel Silverstein - A Boy Named Sue
Shel Silverstein - A Boy Named Sue
::2009/11/07::
Play Video
31
Yowsah! - Shel Silverstein
Yowsah! - Shel Silverstein
::2008/05/25::
Play Video
32
Shel Silverstein - You
Shel Silverstein - You're Always Welcome at Our House
::2008/12/09::
Play Video
33
The Giving Tree (Shel Silverstein)
The Giving Tree (Shel Silverstein)
::2012/06/28::
Play Video
34
Sick By Shel Silverstein
Sick By Shel Silverstein
::2013/11/07::
Play Video
35
Shel Silverstein - It Does Not Pay To Be Hip
Shel Silverstein - It Does Not Pay To Be Hip
::2013/03/04::
Play Video
36
Shel Silverstein - "Liberated Lady"   (Backed Up With Dr.Hook And The Medicine Show)
Shel Silverstein - "Liberated Lady" (Backed Up With Dr.Hook And The Medicine Show)
::2011/01/25::
Play Video
37
Sick By Shel Silverstein
Sick By Shel Silverstein
::2011/12/30::
Play Video
38
Sick by Shel Silverstein
Sick by Shel Silverstein
::2010/11/17::
Play Video
39
The Missing Piece by Shel Silverstein (HD)
The Missing Piece by Shel Silverstein (HD)
::2011/05/12::
Play Video
40
Shel Silverstein
Shel Silverstein's Stag Party - Good Whiskey
::2010/07/17::
Play Video
41
The Missing Piece by Shel Silverstein (Re-uploaded) in English
The Missing Piece by Shel Silverstein (Re-uploaded) in English
::2011/04/25::
Play Video
42
Stacy Brown Got Two
Stacy Brown Got Two
::2008/08/22::
Play Video
43
Sick by Shel Silverstein by 2nd Grade
Sick by Shel Silverstein by 2nd Grade
::2013/04/18::
Play Video
44
I Can
I Can't Touch The Sun -- Shel Silverstein
::2011/01/02::
Play Video
45
The Giving Tree
The Giving Tree
::2008/11/09::
Play Video
46
Sick by Shel Silverstein (Protect Nurses!)
Sick by Shel Silverstein (Protect Nurses!)
::2012/06/18::
Play Video
47
Shel Silverstein - Daddy What If
Shel Silverstein - Daddy What If
::2014/06/15::
Play Video
48
Shel Silverstein: Stacy Brown Got Two (45 Vinyl)
Shel Silverstein: Stacy Brown Got Two (45 Vinyl)
::2010/10/29::
Play Video
49
True Story by Shel Silverstein
True Story by Shel Silverstein
::2013/04/09::
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50
Shel Silverstein-Modern Talk
Shel Silverstein-Modern Talk
::2011/10/07::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Shel Silverstein
Ssilverstein.jpg
Born Sheldon Allan Silverstein
(1930-09-25)September 25, 1930
Chicago, Illinois
Died May 10, 1999(1999-05-10) (aged 68)
Key West, Florida[1]
Resting place Westlawn Cemetery
Norridge, Illinois
Occupation Author
Poet
Cartoonist
Songwriter
Playwright
Nationality American
Genre Children's fiction
Black comedy
Playwright
Notable works Where the Sidewalk Ends (1974)
The Giving Tree (1965)
"A Boy Named Sue" (1969)

Signature

Sheldon Allan "Shel" Silverstein (September 25, 1930 – May 10, 1999),[1][2] was an American poet, singer-songwriter, cartoonist, screenwriter, and author of children's books. He styled himself as Uncle Shelby in some works. Translated into more than 30 languages, his books have sold over 20 million copies.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Shel Silverstein was born into a Jewish family. He grew up in the Logan Square neighborhood of Chicago and attended Roosevelt High School and, later, the University of Illinois, from which he was expelled. He then attended Chicago Academy of Fine Arts and Roosevelt University for three years, until 1953 when he was drafted into the United States Army. He served in Japan and Korea. He had one daughter, Shoshanna Jordan Hastings, born June 30, 1970, with Susan Taylor Hastings of Sausalito, California.[3] Susan died on June 29, 1975, one day before Shoshanna's fifth birthday,[3] and Shoshanna died April 24, 1982,[4] at age 11, of a cerebral aneurysm. He also had a son named Matthew, born November 10, 1984, with Sarah Spencer of Key West, Florida; Sarah drove the conch train and inspired Shel's song "The Great Conch Train Robbery."[5][6][7] On May 10, 1999, Silverstein died at age 68 of a massive heart attack in Key West. He is buried in Westlawn Cemetery in Norridge, Illinois.

Cartoons[edit]

Silverstein began drawing at age 7 by tracing the works of Al Capp.[8] He told Publishers Weekly: "When I was a kid—12 to 14, around there—I would much rather have been a good baseball player or a hit with the girls, but I couldn't play ball. I couldn't dance. Luckily, the girls didn't want me. Not much I could do about that. So I started to draw and to write. I was also lucky that I didn't have anybody to copy, be impressed by. I had developed my own style; I was creating before I knew there was a Thurber, a Benchley, a Price and a Steinberg. I never saw their work till I was around 30. By the time I got to where I was attracting girls, I was already into work, and it was more important to me. Not that I wouldn't rather make love, but the work has become a habit."[9]

Shel Silverstein's Playboy travelogues were collected in 2007.

He was first published in the Roosevelt Torch (a student newspaper at Roosevelt University), where he studied English after leaving the Art Institute. During his tenure in the military, his cartoons were published in Pacific Stars and Stripes, where he had originally been assigned to do layouts and paste-up. His first book, Take Ten, a compilation of his military Take Ten cartoon series, was published by Pacific Stars and Stripes in 1955. He later said his time in college was a waste and would have been better spent traveling around the world meeting people.[10]

After returning to Chicago, Silverstein began submitting cartoons to magazines while also selling hot dogs at Chicago ballparks. His cartoons began appearing in Look, Sports Illustrated and This Week.[11]

Mass-market paperback readers across America were introduced to Silverstein in 1956 when Take Ten was reprinted by Ballantine Books as Grab Your Socks! The edition included a foreword by Bill Mauldin.

In 1957, Silverstein became one of the leading cartoonists in Playboy, which sent him around the world to create an illustrated travel journal with reports from far-flung locales. During the 1950s and 1960s, he produced 23 installments called "Shel Silverstein Visits..." as a feature for Playboy. Employing a sketchbook format with typewriter-styled captions, he documented his own experiences at such locations as a New Jersey nudist colony, the Chicago White Sox training camp, San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district, Fire Island, Mexico, London, Paris, Spain and Africa. In a Swiss village, he drew himself complaining, "I'll give them 15 more minutes, and if nobody yodels, I'm going back to the hotel." These illustrated travel essays were collected by the publisher Fireside in Playboy's Silverstein Around the World, published in 2007 with a foreword by Hugh Hefner and an introduction by music journalist Mitch Myers.[12]

In a similar vein were his illustrations for John Sack's Report from Practically Nowhere (1959), a collection of humorous travel vignettes previously appearing in Playboy and other magazines.[13]

"Now here's my plan..."[edit]

"Now here's my plan...", Shel Silverstein's best known cartoon of the 1950s, became the title of his 1960 cartoon collection.

His best-known cartoon of the 1950s was featured on the cover of his next cartoon collection, Now Here's My Plan: A Book of Futilities, which was published by Simon & Schuster in 1960. Silverstein biographer Lisa Rogak wrote:

The cartoon on the cover that provides the book's title would turn out to be one of his most famous and often-cited cartoons. In the cartoon, two prisoners are chained to the wall of a prison cell. Both their hands and feet are shackled. One says to the other, "Now here's my plan." Silverstein was both fascinated and distressed by the amount of analysis and commentary that almost immediately began to swirl around the cartoon. "A lot of people said it was a very pessimistic cartoon, which I don't think it is at all," he said. "There's a lot of hope even in a hopeless situation. They analyze it and question it. I did this cartoon because I had an idea about a funny situation about two guys."[2]

Silverstein's cartoons appeared in issues of Playboy from 1957 through the mid-1970s, and one of his Playboy features was expanded into Uncle Shelby's ABZ Book (Simon & Schuster, 1961), his first book of new, original material for adults. Because some of his material was unclear whether it was intended for adults or children, the 1985 reprint had a conspicuous cover label.

Children's books[edit]

Silverstein's editor at Harper & Row, Ursula Nordstrom, encouraged Silverstein to write children's poetry. Silverstein said that he never studied the poetry of others and therefore developed his own quirky style, laid back and conversational, occasionally employing profanity and slang. In a 1975 Publishers Weekly interview, he was asked how he came to do children's books:

He is a strong, well-muscled, fit-looking man who wears blue jeans and a big cowboy hat. Though he has to be into his 40s (he's a Korean War veteran), he is also totally in touch with the contemporary scene... How, an author-illustrator alone. Asked if he would change something he had produced on an editor's say-so, he answered with a flat "No." But he added: "Oh, I will take a suggestion for revision. I do eliminate certain things when I'm writing for children if I think only an adult will get the idea. Then I drop it, or save it. But editors messing with content? No." Had he been surprised by the astronomical record of The Giving Tree, his biggest seller to date and one of the most successful children's books in years? Another emphatic no. "What I do is good," he said. "I wouldn't let it out if I didn't think it was." It tells of a tree and the use a man makes of it. When he is a boy, he plays in the tree's branches and enjoys its luscious fruit. Later, he courts his love under the tree and uses some of its wood to build a house for his family. Years pass; the man is now old and alone. The tree lets him take its trunk to carve a boat from, and the man rows away. Finally he returns for the last time to sit and rest on the stump of the tree—all that's left of it.[9][14] But The Giving Tree, which has been selling steadily since it appeared almost 10 years ago and has been translated into French, is not his own favorite among his books. "I like Uncle Shelby's ABZ, A Giraffe and a Half, the sophisticated and the simple.

Otto Penzler, in his crime anthology Murder for Revenge (1998), commented on Silverstein's versatility:

This anthology was the second in a series, which also included Murder for Love (1996) and Murder and Obsession (1999). All three anthologies included Silverstein contributions. He did not really care to conform to any sort of norm, but he did want to leave his mark for others to be inspired by, as he told Publishers Weekly:

I would hope that people, no matter what age, would find something to identify with in my books, pick up one and experience a personal sense of discovery. That's great. I think that if you're creative person, you should just go about your business, do your work and not care about how it's received. I never read reviews because if you believe the good ones you have to believe the bad ones too. Not that I don't care about success. I do, but only because it lets me do what I want. I was always prepared for success but that means that I have to be prepared for failure too. I have an ego, I have ideas, I want to be articulate, to communicate but in my own way. People who say they create only for themselves and don't care if they are published... I hate to hear talk like that. If it's good, it's too good not to share. That's the way I feel about my work. So I'll keep on communicating, but only my way. Lots of things I won't do. I won't go on television because who am I talking to? Johnny Carson? The camera? Twenty million people I can't see? Uh-uh. And I won't give any more interviews.[9]

Many of Silverstein's poems for children first appeared in Playboy magazine.[15]

Songs[edit]

Ballantine Books published Shel Silverstein's 1956 collection of cartoons from Pacific Stars and Stripes, foreword by Bill Mauldin

Silverstein's passion for music was clear early on as he studied briefly at Chicago College of Performing Arts at Roosevelt University. His musical output included a large catalog of songs; a number of which were hits for other artists, most notably the rock group Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show.[12] He wrote Tompall Glaser's highest-charting solo single "Put Another Log on the Fire", "One's on the Way" (a hit for Loretta Lynn), and "25 Minutes to Go", sung by Johnny Cash, about a man on Death Row with each line counting down one minute closer. Silverstein also wrote one of Johnny Cash's best known hits, "A Boy Named Sue." Other songs co-written by Silverstein include "the Taker" by Waylon Jennings and "On Susan’s Floor” by Gordon Lightfoot and a sequel to "A Boy Named Sue" called: "Father of a Boy Named Sue" which is less known, but he performed the song on television on The Johnny Cash Show. He also penned a song entitled "F*** 'em" which is lesser known and contained a reference to "f*** children."[16]

He wrote the lyrics and music for most of the Dr. Hook songs, including "The Cover of 'Rolling Stone'", "Freakin' at the Freakers' Ball," "Sylvia's Mother", "The Things I Didn't Say" and a cautionary song about venereal disease, "Don't Give a Dose to the One You Love Most".[12] He wrote many of the songs performed by Bobby Bare, including "Rosalie's Good Eats Café", "The Mermaid", "The Winner", "Warm and Free" and "Tequila Sheila". He co-wrote with Baxter Taylor "Marie Laveau", for which the songwriters received a 1975 BMI Award.

Silverstein's "The Ballad of Lucy Jordan", first recorded by Dr. Hook in 1975, was re-recorded by Marianne Faithfull (1979), Belinda Carlisle (1996), and Bobby Bare (2005) and later featured in the films Montenegro and Thelma & Louise. "Queen of the Silver Dollar" was first recorded by Dr. Hook on their 1972 album Sloppy Seconds, and later by Doyle Holly (on his 1973 album Doyle Holly), Barbi Benton (on her 1974 album Barbi Doll), Emmylou Harris (on her 1975 album Pieces of the Sky) and Dave & Sugar (on their 1976 album Dave & Sugar).

Silverstein composed original music for several films and displayed a musical versatility in these projects, playing guitar, piano, saxophone and trombone. He wrote "In the Hills of Shiloh", a poignant song about the aftermath of the Civil War, which was recorded by The New Christy Minstrels, Judy Collins, Bobby Bare and others. The soundtrack of the 1970 film Ned Kelly features Silverstein songs performed by Waylon Jennings, Kris Kristofferson and others.[11]

Silverstein had a popular following on Dr. Demento's radio show. Among his best-known comedy songs were "Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout (Would Not Take The Garbage Out)", "The Smoke-Off" (a tale of a contest to determine who could roll—or smoke—marijuana joints faster), "I Got Stoned and I Missed It" and "Stacy Brown Got Two." He wrote "The Father of a Boy Named Sue", in which he tells the story from the original song from the father's point of view, and the 1962 song "Boa Constrictor", sung by a person who is being swallowed by a snake (recorded by the folk group Peter, Paul, and Mary) although it is now better known as a children's playground chant.

A longtime friend of singer-songwriter Pat Dailey, Silverstein collaborated with him on the posthumously released Underwater Land album (2002). It contains 17 children's songs written and produced by Silverstein and sung by Dailey (with Silverstein joining him on a few tracks). The album features art by Silverstein.

He was a friend of Chicago songwriter Steve Goodman, for whom he wrote the final verse of "What Have You Done For Me Lately?" (refusing a songwriting credit for his contribution). Goodman also recorded Silverstein's "Three-Legged Man", as did Ray Stevens.

In 2010, Bobby Bare and his son Bobby Bare Jr produced a CD called Twistable, Turnable Man: A Musical Tribute to the Songs of Shel Silverstein which was released on Sugar Hill Records. Other artists recording Silverstein songs include Andrew Bird, My Morning Jacket and Bobby Bare, Jr.[17][18]

Theater[edit]

The Rising Sun Performance Company's production of "The Lifeboat is Sinking", from An Adult Evening of Shel Silverstein

In January 1959, Look, Charlie: A Short History of the Pratfall was a chaotic off-Broadway comedy staged by Silverstein, Jean Shepherd and Herb Gardner at New York's Orpheum Theatre on Second Avenue in the Lower East Side. Silverstein went on to write more than 100 one-act plays. The Devil and Billy Markham, published in Playboy in 1979, was later adapted into a solo one-act play that debuted on a double bill with Mamet's Bobby Gould in Hell (1989) with Dr. Hook vocalist Dennis Locorriere narrating. Karen Kohlhaas directed An Adult Evening of Shel Silverstein, produced by New York's Atlantic Theater Company in September 2001 with a variety of short sketches:

  • "One Tennis Shoe"—Harvey claims his wife is becoming a bag lady.
  • "Bus Stop"—Irwin stands on a corner with a "bus stop" sign.
  • "Going Once"—A woman auctions herself.
  • "The Best Daddy"—Lisa's daddy shot the pony he got for her birthday.
  • "The Lifeboat is Sinking"—Jen and Sherwin play a game of Who-Would-You-Save-If—the family was drowning.
  • "Smile"—Bender plans to punish the man responsible for the phrase "Have a nice day".
  • "Watch and Dry"—Marianne discovers her laundry hasn't been cleaned.
  • "Thinking Up a New Name for the Act"—Pete thinks "meat and potatoes" is the perfect name for a vaudeville act.
  • "Buy One, Get One Free"—Hookers offer a golden opportunity.
  • "Blind Willie and the Talking Dog"—Blind Willie's talking dog argues they could profit from his talent.

A production of "An Adult Evening of Shel Silverstein" was produced by a Hofstra University theater group called, "The Spectrum Players" which was founded by Francis Ford Coppola in 1959. The production used a "victorian sailors on shore leave watching a play" aesthetic and used live rag-time and an MC character not in the script to transition between pieces. The production was directed by Richard Traub of Chicago, Illinois and starred several of Hofstra's most promising young actors; Nick Pacifico, Amanda Mac, Mike Quattrone, Ross Greenberg, Chelsea Lando, Allie Rightmeyer, and Paolo Perez as the MC.

In December 2001, Shel's Shorts was produced in repertory as two separate evenings under the titles Signs of Trouble and Shel Shocked by the Market Theater in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Signs of Trouble was directed by Wesley Savick, and Shel Shocked was directed by Larry Coen.

Awards[edit]

Silverstein's "A Boy Named Sue" won a 1970 Grammy. He was nominated for an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his song "I'm Checkin' Out" in the film Postcards from the Edge. He was posthumously inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2002.[19]

Works[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Silverstein believed that written works needed to be read on paper—the correct paper for the particular work. He usually would not allow his poems and stories to be published unless he could choose the type, size, shape, color, and quality of the paper. Being a book collector, he took seriously the feel of the paper, the look of the book, the fonts, and the binding. Most of his books did not have paperback editions because he did not want his work to be diminished in any way. Silverstein's estate continues to control copyright permissions on his work and has blocked the quotations of that work in at least one biographical treatment.[16]

Albums[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Honan, William H. (May 11, 1999). "Shel Silverstein, Zany Writer and Cartoonist, Dies at 67,". The New York Times. p. B10. Retrieved 2009-12-16. 
  2. ^ a b c Rogak, Lisa. A Boy Named Shel: The Life and Times of Shel Silverstein. Thomas Dunne Books (imprint of St. Martin's Press), 2007. ISBN 0-312-35359-6
  3. ^ a b Rogak, pp. 102, 117
  4. ^ Gold, p. 192
  5. ^ The Many Sides of Shel Silverstein, Stacy Bee, May 17, 2009
  6. ^ Gold, Marv (2009). Silverstein and Me: A Memoir. Red Hen Press. ISBN 978-1-59709-151-0. Retrieved 2010-05-24. 
  7. ^ Eck, Michael (January 27, 2008). "'Boy Named Shel' shows diverse life". Times Union. Retrieved 2010-05-24.  (subscription required)
  8. ^ Studs Terkel interview, WFMT, December 12, 1963.
  9. ^ a b c Mercier, Jean F. "Shel Silverstein", Publishers Weekly, February 24, 1975.
  10. ^ "Shel Silverstein Biography". Super Children's Books. Retrieved June 10, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Shel Silverstein's Music (Legacy Recordings)". Archived from the original on 2012-06-04. 
  12. ^ a b c "Cahill, Tim. "Dr. Hook's VD and Medicine Shows." ''Rolling Stone'', November 9, 1972". Shelsilverstein.tripod.com. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  13. ^ Sack, John (1959). Report from Practically Nowhere. New York: Curtis Publishing Company. 
  14. ^ "WorldCat". WorldCat. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  15. ^ Thomas (2013)
  16. ^ a b Thomas (2013)
  17. ^ "Pitchfork reviews". Pitchfork.com. 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  18. ^ "Sugar Hill Records catalogue". Archived from the original on January 4, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Shel Silverstein Induction Year: 2002". Retrieved February 21, 2010. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Audio[edit]

German-language sites[edit]

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