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What Really Happend That Night Shikellamy vs Selinsgrove Brawl
What Really Happend That Night Shikellamy vs Selinsgrove Brawl
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: Jason Sortman
Shikellamy Middle School - Students of the Month (October)
Shikellamy Middle School - Students of the Month (October)
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Steven Renn
Shikellamy Wrestling
Shikellamy Wrestling
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Jason Rohrbach
Shikellamy Wrestling Highlights
Shikellamy Wrestling Highlights
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: Jason Rohrbach
Shikellamy Middle School - 2016/17 Football Team
Shikellamy Middle School - 2016/17 Football Team
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Steven Renn
Shikellamy High School Theatre "Seussical"
Shikellamy High School Theatre "Seussical"
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Stefan Eisenhower
Shikellamy vs  Mifflinburg
Shikellamy vs Mifflinburg
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: Ryan Sharp
Player of the Game: Lewisburg @ Shikellamy, 2-10-17
Player of the Game: Lewisburg @ Shikellamy, 2-10-17
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: SECV8
Shikellamy by Van Wagner
Shikellamy by Van Wagner
Published: 2008/10/26
Channel: vanwags
Shikellamy Marina and the Susquehanna River
Shikellamy Marina and the Susquehanna River
Published: 2013/05/03
Channel: Newsradio WKOK
Shikellamy Wrestling Spotlight
Shikellamy Wrestling Spotlight
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: SECV8
Shikellamy vs Selinsgrove
Shikellamy vs Selinsgrove
Published: 2013/09/14
Channel: Jason Sortman
Shikellamy at Selinsgrove in GB
Shikellamy at Selinsgrove in GB
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: SECV8
Shikellamy @ Line Mountain Wrestling
Shikellamy @ Line Mountain Wrestling
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: SECV8
2016-2017 Shikellamy Jr. High Girls BBall
2016-2017 Shikellamy Jr. High Girls BBall
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Steven Renn
Shikellamy High School Class of 2000 15 year Reunion Video
Shikellamy High School Class of 2000 15 year Reunion Video
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Jessica Landis
Player of the Game: Shikellamy @ Selinsgrove, 9-16-2016
Player of the Game: Shikellamy @ Selinsgrove, 9-16-2016
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: SECV8
Wrestler of the Match: Shikellamy @ Line Mountain - 1-24-17
Wrestler of the Match: Shikellamy @ Line Mountain - 1-24-17
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: SECV8
Shikellamy Football Preview Countdown
Shikellamy Football Preview Countdown
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: SECV8
Danville at Shikellamy BB
Danville at Shikellamy BB
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: SECV8
Shikellamy High -- The Insanity of Mary Girard
Shikellamy High -- The Insanity of Mary Girard
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Mike Ferlazzo
2014 Student Celebration Showcase - Shikellamy High School Theatre - Shikellamy SD
2014 Student Celebration Showcase - Shikellamy High School Theatre - Shikellamy SD
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: PSBAvideo
Wrestler of the Match: Shikellamy @ Selinsgrove, 1-19-17
Wrestler of the Match: Shikellamy @ Selinsgrove, 1-19-17
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: SECV8
Shikellamy at Midd-West Wrestling
Shikellamy at Midd-West Wrestling
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: SECV8
Shikellamy Wrestling
Shikellamy Wrestling
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: DailyItemVideo
Shikellamy H S Choir, Chorus, Jubilation Alumni 1972 2003 2
Shikellamy H S Choir, Chorus, Jubilation Alumni 1972 2003 2
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Mike Reaser
Shikellamy vs Selinsgrove Week 3
Shikellamy vs Selinsgrove Week 3
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: Jason Sortman
Softball: Shikellamy vs Shamokin
Softball: Shikellamy vs Shamokin
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: SATV Productions
Chief Shikellamy Science Explorers
Chief Shikellamy Science Explorers
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: DailyItemVideo
Shikellamy Symphonic Orchestra (1989 Carnegie Hall)
Shikellamy Symphonic Orchestra (1989 Carnegie Hall)
Published: 2014/04/19
Channel: Shikellamy Marching Braves
2016 Big 7 Tournament  v. Shikellamy
2016 Big 7 Tournament v. Shikellamy
Published: 2016/02/07
Channel: Brenda Porter
Shikellamy Middle School - September Students of the Month
Shikellamy Middle School - September Students of the Month
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: Steven Renn
Shikellamy State Park
Shikellamy State Park
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: jeanbird100
Shikellamy Middle School - 2016-17 Marching Band
Shikellamy Middle School - 2016-17 Marching Band
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Steven Renn
Tour of Shikellamy Overlook
Tour of Shikellamy Overlook
Published: 2011/06/08
Channel: 979dxtour
Shikellamy Middle School - Winter Chorus Concert 2016
Shikellamy Middle School - Winter Chorus Concert 2016
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Steven Renn
Shikellamy Girls 4x100 Relay - Jack Roddick High School Invitational
Shikellamy Girls 4x100 Relay - Jack Roddick High School Invitational
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: Harry Kerstetter
Shikellamy H S Choir, Chorus, Jubilation Alumni 1972 2003 1
Shikellamy H S Choir, Chorus, Jubilation Alumni 1972 2003 1
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Mike Reaser
Geocaching at Shikellamy State Park, Sunbury, PA
Geocaching at Shikellamy State Park, Sunbury, PA
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: Great Cove Adventures
Shikellamy State Park  R U N  part one
Shikellamy State Park R U N part one
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: Black Tip Fishing Adventures
Shikellamy Alumni Choir Concert 7-16-17: Battle Hymn of the Republic
Shikellamy Alumni Choir Concert 7-16-17: Battle Hymn of the Republic
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: June Campbell
8-11-2015 - Shikellamy State Park And First Time Eating At Texas Roadhouse
8-11-2015 - Shikellamy State Park And First Time Eating At Texas Roadhouse
Published: 2015/08/12
Channel: PA Phin Phan
Shikellamy Winterguard 1988
Shikellamy Winterguard 1988
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: Craig Young
Shikellamy 2015 ACC
Shikellamy 2015 ACC's
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Scott Carey
Shikellamy Band 1989 Pt. 1
Shikellamy Band 1989 Pt. 1
Published: 2009/10/26
Channel: gw197234
Shikellamy Marching Braves (1988 PA State Championships)
Shikellamy Marching Braves (1988 PA State Championships)
Published: 2014/04/12
Channel: Shikellamy Marching Braves
Shikellamy State Park, Northumberland, PA 8-16-14
Shikellamy State Park, Northumberland, PA 8-16-14
Published: 2014/08/17
Channel: SantaFe19484
Shikellamy High School Spring Concert 5-2-99
Shikellamy High School Spring Concert 5-2-99
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Mike Reaser
Dominic Parker (shikellamy) vs Luke Ely (council rock north)160 pounds
Dominic Parker (shikellamy) vs Luke Ely (council rock north)160 pounds
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Dominic Parker
Shikellamy High School Chorus Concert 12-9-84
Shikellamy High School Chorus Concert 12-9-84
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Mike Reaser
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Shikellamy
Oneida Chieftain Shikellamy by Anonymous.jpg
1820 painting by an anonymous artist
Born Unknown
Died December 6, 1748
Shamokin
Occupation Oneida chief
Children Logan

Shikellamy (died December 6, 1748), also known as Swatana, was an Oneida chief and overseer for the Iroquois confederacy. In his position as chief and overseer, Shikellamy served as a supervisor for the Six Nations, overseeing the Shawnee and Lenape tribes in central Pennsylvania along the Susquehanna River and protecting the southern border of the Iroquois Confederacy. While his birth date is not known, his first recorded historical appearance was in Philadelphia in 1728.[1] In 1728 he was living in a Shawnee village in Pennsylvania near modern Milton, and moved in 1742 to the village of Shamokin, modern day Sunbury, at the confluence of the West and North Branches of the Susquehanna. Shikellamy was an important figure in the early history of the Province of Pennsylvania and served as a go-between for the colonial government in Philadelphia and the Iroquois chiefs in Onondaga.[2] He welcomed Conrad Weiser to Shamokin and served as Weiser's guide on his journeys into the frontier of Pennsylvania and New York.

Emissary for the Iroquois in Pennsylvania[edit]

Shikellamy's portrait from the Appletons' article on “Swatane”

Although it is not known when or where Shikellamy was born, his first appearance in the historical record is his 1728 visit to Philadelphia, the provincial capital of Pennsylvania.[1] The Quaker leadership in Philadelphia soon realized that Shikellamy was an important Indian leader and he was invited back to the capital in 1729. He was described as "Shekallamy,...a trusty good Man & great Lover of the English."[1] Shikellamy was sent by the government of Pennsylvania to invite the leaders of the Iroquois Confederacy to a council in 1732. The initial meeting was a success and both sides agreed to meet once again in the future. These meetings were arranged by Conrad Weiser and Shikellamy.

It has been said, though, that Shikellamy came from France, but was captured by Indians as a boy. Others say that he was all Indian, and was a descendant of the Andastes.

During a later meeting, Shikellamy, Weiser and the Pennsylvanians negotiated a 1736 treaty in Philadelphia, including a deed whereby the Iroquois sold the land drained by the Delaware River and south of the Blue Mountain. Since the Iroquois had never until then laid claim to this land, this purchase represented a significant swing in Pennsylvanian policy toward the Native Americans. William Penn had never taken sides in disputes between tribes, but by this purchase, the Pennsylvanians were favoring the Iroquois over the Lenape. Along with the Walking Purchase of 1737, also arranged with the assistance of Shikellamy and Conrad Weiser, this treaty exacerbated Pennsylvania-Lenape relations. The results of this policy shift would help induce the Lenapes to side with the French during the French and Indian Wars, which would result in many colonial deaths. It did, however, help induce the Iroquois to continue to side with the British over the French.

A friend to Christian missionaries[edit]

Shikellamy had originally lived in a Shawnee village in the vicinity of modern Milton, along the West Branch Susquehanna River. The Shawnee moved to the west by 1742, and in that year Shikellamy moved to Shamokin village, which was an important Lenape town and home of Sasoonan (also known as Allumapees), a leader who was regarded by Pennsylvania authorities as the Delaware (Lenape) "king." This title had no traditional meaning for the Delawares, who lived in autonomous villages. However, since British colonial governments preferred to deal with a single leader rather than numerous village elders, Sasoonan emerged as the Delaware "king". Pennsylvania officials found Sasoonan useful because he could be induced (with the help of gifts and abundantly free liquor) to sign away Indian lands.[3]

Shikellamy was rewarded for his efforts in the Walking Purchase and other treaties by the colonial government of Pennsylvania. In 1744 Conrad Weiser supervised the construction of a house for Shikellamy at Shamokin. The house was 49.5 feet (15.1 m) long, 17.5 feet (5.3 m) wide, and was covered with a shingle roof.[1]

Shikellamy's position and status at Shamokin made him an important person in the eyes of the Moravian missionaries who sought to spread the gospel to the Indians of Pennsylvania. Count Zinzendorf, a bishop of Moravian Church and native of Germany, visited with him in 1742. The Count believed that Shikellamy, who had converted to Christianity, could serve as a vital agent of change in converting all Indians to the Christian faith. Shikellamy permitted the Moravians to maintain an outpost at Shamokin and served as an emissary between the Moravians and Madame Montour's village of Otstonwakin at the mouth of Loyalsock Creek and French Margaret's village at the mouth of Lycoming Creek. Shikellamy permitted the Moravians to stay at Shamokin because he believed that they had the Indians' best interest at heart.[2] He knew that, unlike other white men, the Moravians had no interest in the Indians' furs and did not want to take their land, nor did the missionaries give Shikellamy's people any alcohol. Shikellamy so admired the Moravians that he permitted them to stay in his home, lent them horses for work, and helped them build their homes. Although the exact date of Shikellamy's earlier conversion to Christianity is unknown, he formally converted to Christianity in November 1748 at the Moravian city of Bethlehem. On his return journey Shikellamy became ill. Despite the efforts of his Moravian friends at Shamokin, the Indian leader succumbed to the illness on December 6, 1748.

Family[edit]

After his death, Shikellamy was succeeded by his son John Shikellamy, also known as John Logan and Tachnachdoarus (spreading oak). Another one of Shikellamy's sons, James Logan, was named for James Logan, the Quaker Provincial Secretary of Pennsylvania and de facto Superintendent of Indian Affairs. One of these two sons — historians have disagreed which one — later became well known in American history as "Chief Logan," who played a pivotal role in Dunmore's War in 1774 and issued an oft-quoted speech known as "Logan's Lament." A third son was named John Petty, after a trader. Two of his sons were killed in battle.[4]

Legacy[edit]

Shikellamy is a prominent name in Northumberland County today. Shikellamy State Park, Shikellamy High School, and Chief Shikellamy Elementary School carry on his name. In fact, the Shikellamy School District, which owns and operates both of the aforementioned schools, was named after him when the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania commissioned it in 1958. In Berks County, there was a local Boy Scout camp named after Shikellamy (Shikellamy Scout Reservation) that closed in 1978. Above the camp, there is an rock outlook that is named after Shikellamy (Shikellamy Outlook) along the Appalachian Trail.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d William A. Hunter. "Swatana". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2007-04-16. 
  2. ^ a b "Shikellamy". Explore Pennsylvania History. Retrieved 2007-04-16. 
  3. ^ McConnell, Michael N. A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its Peoples, 1724–1774. University of Nebraska Press. 
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1889). "Swatane". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. 

External links[edit]

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