A Day in Shimla, India
A Day in Shimla, India
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: prsw100
Shimla 2017  Kufri Hills
Shimla 2017 Kufri Hills
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: JeRrY Vlogs
TOP 10 Things To Do/See || Shimla
TOP 10 Things To Do/See || Shimla
Published: 2014/09/06
Channel: GottaDoIndia
Aaj Subah: Shimla Experiences Season’s First Snowfall Today
Aaj Subah: Shimla Experiences Season’s First Snowfall Today
Published: 2018/01/24
Channel: Aaj Tak
Shimla - The Queen of Hills
Shimla - The Queen of Hills
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: Explore India
Shimla City Tour Drive India - Kufri, Mall Road, Jakhu *HD*
Shimla City Tour Drive India - Kufri, Mall Road, Jakhu *HD*
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: daintellekt
Published: 2014/03/20
Worlds most dangerous & beautiful road , shimla to manali , himachalpradesh , India
Worlds most dangerous & beautiful road , shimla to manali , himachalpradesh , India
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: sajith's channel
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Dragta ji
The Kalka-Shimla Railway (Documentary in HD) | Toy Trains – Part I
The Kalka-Shimla Railway (Documentary in HD) | Toy Trains – Part I
Published: 2015/10/31
Channel: wocomoTRAVEL
Shimla Trip With Family | Jan 2018 | Day 1 Vlog
Shimla Trip With Family | Jan 2018 | Day 1 Vlog
Published: 2018/01/16
Channel: Sweta Tech Tips
SHIMLA TRIP WITH FAMILY - Shimla vlog 2017
SHIMLA TRIP WITH FAMILY - Shimla vlog 2017
Published: 2017/11/28
Channel: indian youtuber priyanka
Shimla Travel & Tourism (India)
Shimla Travel & Tourism (India)
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: Daily Himachal
Shimla Trip | Jan 2017 | Day 1 | Travel Vlog 50
Shimla Trip | Jan 2017 | Day 1 | Travel Vlog 50
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Dj Yashi Vlogs Mix
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Simran Nikky
Published: 2013/01/24
The Oberoi Cecil, Shimla
The Oberoi Cecil, Shimla
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Oberoi Hotels
Pakistani Reacts To Shimla |  Shimla City Tour Drive India - Kufri, Mall Road, Jakhu.
Pakistani Reacts To Shimla | Shimla City Tour Drive India - Kufri, Mall Road, Jakhu.
Published: 2017/12/29
Channel: Pakistani Reacts Vlogs
Shimla Tha Ghar | Deepak Rathore Project | Latest Hindi Songs 2016 | Speed Records
Shimla Tha Ghar | Deepak Rathore Project | Latest Hindi Songs 2016 | Speed Records
Published: 2016/01/02
Channel: Speed Records
SNOWFALL in shimla 2018 ll January  snow view ll by India Diary
SNOWFALL in shimla 2018 ll January snow view ll by India Diary
Published: 2018/01/01
Channel: Poo rav
GottaEat || Part 1 || Shimla
GottaEat || Part 1 || Shimla
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: GottaDoIndia
Shimla Tour
Shimla Tour
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: brijesh parihar
Rocky & Mayur get a taste of Shimla
Rocky & Mayur get a taste of Shimla
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: NDTV Good Times
Last Day in Shimla - SHIMLA VLOG 2017
Last Day in Shimla - SHIMLA VLOG 2017
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: indian youtuber priyanka
Landslide in Shimla, Himachal | 2 september 2017
Landslide in Shimla, Himachal | 2 september 2017
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: The Visual Yatra
Shimla Kalka UNESCO Toy Train - Indian Railways in 4K
Shimla Kalka UNESCO Toy Train - Indian Railways in 4K
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: daintellekt
Published: 2015/12/01
Traveling India: Shimla
Traveling India: Shimla
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: Christine Kobzeff
Shimla ka kissa | शिमला का किस्सा | Real Indian Horror Stories :31
Shimla ka kissa | शिमला का किस्सा | Real Indian Horror Stories :31
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Just Saw A Ghost
Chandigarh to Shimla Road Trip
Chandigarh to Shimla Road Trip
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: SR Production, Mumbra
"SHIMLA" Top 20 Tourist Places | Shimla Tourism | Himachal Pradesh
"SHIMLA" Top 20 Tourist Places | Shimla Tourism | Himachal Pradesh
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: ONLY in INDIA
Apple harvesting In Shimla
Apple harvesting In Shimla
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Dyneshpirta
Shimla winter carnival 2016
Shimla winter carnival 2016
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Abhishek Bhatti
शिमला मनाली जाने से पहले इस वीडियो को देखोे | Shimla Manali Tips For Tourists
शिमला मनाली जाने से पहले इस वीडियो को देखोे | Shimla Manali Tips For Tourists
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Harshal Bavishi
A Tourist in Shimla
A Tourist in Shimla
Published: 2013/04/20
Channel: Timsvideochannel1
Snowfall in shimla 07-01-2017
Snowfall in shimla 07-01-2017
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Anil Thakur
Jakhoo Mandir shimla
Jakhoo Mandir shimla
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Help and supported
SHIMLA | Hotel in shimla near mall road | Sadhupul  | SHIMLA TO KUFRI
SHIMLA | Hotel in shimla near mall road | Sadhupul | SHIMLA TO KUFRI
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: Pratik Vlog
Live Snowfall at Shimla ,Ridge | 12 febraury 2018 | Beautiful view of Shimla
Live Snowfall at Shimla ,Ridge | 12 febraury 2018 | Beautiful view of Shimla
Published: 2018/02/12
Channel: S3 Visual
GottaShop || Shimla
GottaShop || Shimla
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: GottaDoIndia
Shopping at Shimla
Shopping at Shimla
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Pushpendra Singh
Shimla Mall Road Church 2017 2018 Heavy Snowfall | Shimla Manali Winters| latest video LIVE
Shimla Mall Road Church 2017 2018 Heavy Snowfall | Shimla Manali Winters| latest video LIVE
Published: 2017/12/17
Channel: Ranveer Singh
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Mysterious Show
PM Modi Lands In Shimla To Attend Jairam Thakur
PM Modi Lands In Shimla To Attend Jairam Thakur's Swear-In Ceremony
Published: 2017/12/27
Channel: Aaj Tak
A taste of Shimla!
A taste of Shimla!
Published: 2014/07/12
Channel: NDTV
Snowfall @ shimla
Snowfall @ shimla
Published: 2018/02/12
Channel: Himachal Abhi Abhi
Shimla recieves snowfall as temperature dips once again
Shimla recieves snowfall as temperature dips once again
Published: 2018/02/12
Channel: ABP NEWS
Chandigarh to Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) Road Trip April 2015 - Full HD
Chandigarh to Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) Road Trip April 2015 - Full HD
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Amit Metharu
Jakhu Temple Monkey, Shimla
Jakhu Temple Monkey, Shimla
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Incredible Himachal
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: SR Production, Mumbra
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shimla Montage
Clockwise from top: Skyline at Shimla Southern Side, Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Town Hall, Night view of Shimla and Christ Church.
Nickname(s): Queen of Hills/ पहाड़ों की रानी
Shimla is located in Himachal Pradesh
Shimla is located in India
Coordinates: 31°6′12″N 77°10′20″E / 31.10333°N 77.17222°E / 31.10333; 77.17222Coordinates: 31°6′12″N 77°10′20″E / 31.10333°N 77.17222°E / 31.10333; 77.17222
Country  India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Shimla
Named for Hindu goddess Shyamala Devi[1]
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Shimla Municipal Corporation
 • Municipal Commissioner Amit Kashyap
 • Mayor Kusum Sadret
 • City 35.34 km2 (13.64 sq mi)
Elevation 2,276 m (7,467 ft)
Population (2011)[3][4]
 • City 169,578
 • Rank 1 (in HP)
 • Density 4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 171,640
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 171 001
Telephone code 91 177 XXX XXXX
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2
Vehicle registration

HP HP-03

, HP-51,
Climate Cwb
Precipitation 1,577 mm (62 in)
Avg. annual temperature 17 °C (63 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 22 °C (72 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 7 °C (45 °F)

Shimla (English: /ˈʃɪmlə/; Hindi: [ˈʃɪmlaː] (About this sound listen)), also known as Simla, is the capital and the largest city of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla is also a district which is bounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, the state of Uttarakhand in the south-east, and Solan and Sirmaur. In 1864, Shimla was declared as the summer capital of British India, succeeding Murree, northeast of Rawalpindi. After independence, the city became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. It is the principal commercial, cultural and educational centre of the hilly regions of the state.

Small hamlets were recorded prior to 1815 when British forces took control of the area. The climatic conditions attracted the British to establish the city in the dense forests of Himalayas. As the summer capital, Shimla hosted many important political meetings including the Simla Accord of 1914 and the Simla Conference of 1945. After independence, the state of Himachal Pradesh came into being in 1948 as a result of integration of 28 princely states. Even after independence, the city remained an important political centre, hosting the Simla Agreement of 1972. After reorganisation of state of Himachal Pradesh, the existing Mahasu district was named Shimla. Its name is derived from the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu goddess Kali.[citation needed]

Shimla is home to a number of buildings that are styled in the Tudorbethan and neo-Gothic architectures dating from the colonial era, as well as multiple temples and churches. The colonial architecture and churches, the temples and the natural environment of the city attracts tourists. Attractions include the Viceroy Lodge, the Christ Church, the Jakhoo Temple, the Mall Road and the Ridge, which together form the city centre. The Kalka–Shimla Railway line built by the British, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is also a major tourist attraction. Owing to its steep terrain, Shimla hosts the mountain biking race MTB Himalaya, which started in 2005 and is regarded as the biggest event of its kind in South Asia. Shimla also has the largest natural ice skating rink in South Asia. Apart from being a tourism centre, the city is also an educational hub with a number of colleges and research institutions.


The vast majority of the area occupied by the present-day Shimla city was dense forest during the 18th century. The only civilisation consisted of the Jakhoo temple and a few scattered houses.[5] The area was called 'Shimla', named after a Hindu goddess, Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of Kali.[1]

The bridge connecting Shimla with Chhota Shimla, originally erected in 1829 by Lord Combermere, Shimla, 1850s

The area of present-day Shimla was invaded and captured by Bhimsen Thapa of Nepal in 1806. The British East India Company took control of the territory as per the Sugauli Treaty after the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814–16). The Gurkha leaders were quelled by storming the fort of Malaun under the command of David Ochterlony in May 1815. In a diary entry dated 30 August 1817, the Gerard brothers, who surveyed the area, describe Shimla as "a middling-sized village where a fakir is situated to give water to the travellers". In 1819, Lieutenant Ross, the Assistant Political Agent in the Hill States, set up a wood cottage in Shimla. Three years later, his successor and the Scottish[citation needed] civil servant Charles Pratt Kennedy built the first pucca house in the area in 1822, near what is now the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly building. The accounts of the Britain-like climate started attracting several British officers to the area during the hot Indian summers. By 1826, some officers had started spending their entire vacation in Shimla. In 1827, Lord Amherst, the Governor-General of Bengal, visited Shimla and stayed in the Kennedy House. A year later, Lord Combermere, the Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in India, stayed at the same residence. During his stay, a three-mile road and a bridge were constructed near Jakhu. In 1830, the British acquired the surrounding land from the chiefs of Keonthal and Patiala in exchange for the Rawin pargana and a portion of the Bharauli pargana. The settlement grew rapidly after this, from 30 houses in 1830 to 1,141 houses in 1881.[5][6]

In 1832, Shimla saw its first political meeting: between the Governor-General William Bentinck and the emissaries of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. In a letter to Colonel Churchill, he wrote:[7]

19th century sketch of the ancient Jakhoo temple

Combermere's successor Earl Dalhousie visited Shimla in the same year. After this, the town saw regular visits from the Governors General and Commanders-in-Chief of British India. A number of young British officers started visiting the area to socialise with the higher-ups; they were followed by ladies looking for marriage alliances for their relatives. Shimla thus became a hill station famous for balls, parties and other festivities. Subsequently, residential schools for pupils from upper-class families were established nearby. By the late 1830s, the city also became a centre for theatre and art exhibitions. As the population increased, a number of bungalows were built and a big bazaar was established in the town. The Indian businessmen, mainly from Sood[disambiguation needed] and Parsi communities, arrived in the area to cater to the needs of the growing European population. On 9 September 1844 the foundation of the Christ Church was laid. Subsequently, several roads were widened and the construction of the Hindustan-Tibet road with a 560-feet tunnel was taken up in 1851–52. This tunnel, now known as the Dhalli Tunnel, was started by a Major Briggs in 1850 and completed in the winter of 1851–52.[8] The 1857 uprising caused a panic among the European residents of the town, but Shimla remained largely unaffected by the rebellion.[5]

In 1863, the Viceroy of India, John Lawrence, decided to shift the summer capital of the British Raj to Shimla.[5] He took the trouble of moving the administration twice a year between Calcutta and this separate centre over 1,000 miles away, despite the fact that it was difficult to reach.[9] Lord Lytton (Viceroy of India 1876–1880) made efforts to plan the town from 1876, when he first stayed in a rented house, but began plans for a Viceregal Lodge, later built on Observatory Hill. A fire cleared much of the area where the native Indian population lived (the "Upper Bazaar" nowadays known as the Ridge[10]), and the planning of the eastern end to become the centre of the European town forced them to live in the Middle and Lower Bazaars on the lower terraces descending the steep slopes from the Ridge. The Upper Bazaar was cleared for a town hall, with many facilities such as library and theatre, as well as offices for police and military volunteers as well as municipal administration.

During the "Hot Weather", Shimla was also the Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief, India, the head of the Indian Army, and many Departments of the Government. The summer capital of the regional Government of the Punjab moved from Murree, in modern-day Pakistan, to Shimla in 1876. They were joined by many of the British wives and daughters of the men who remained on the plains. Together these formed Shimla Society, which, according to Charles Allen,[11] "was as close as British India ever came to having an upper crust." This may have been helped by the fact that it was very expensive, having an ideal climate and thus being desirable, as well as having limited accommodation. British soldiers, merchants and civil servants moved here each year to escape from the heat during summer in the Indo-Gangetic plain. The presence of many bachelors and unattached men, as well as the many women passing the hot weather there, gave Shimla a reputation for adultery, and at least gossip about adultery: as Rudyard Kipling said in a letter cited by Allen, it had a reputation for "frivolity, gossip and intrigue". (See also.[12])

The 500-foot (150 m) Lower Bazaar tunnel was built in 1905 and christened Khachhar Surang. The Elysium tunnel (now known as the Auckland Tunnel), about 120 feet (37 m) in length, was also built in 1905.[8]

Passenger train on the Kalka-Shimla Railway route

The Kalka–Shimla railway line, opened in 1903, added to Shimla's accessibility and popularity. The railway route from Kalka to Shimla, with more than 806 bridges and 103 tunnels, was touted as an engineering feat and came to be known as the "British Jewel of the Orient".[12] In 2008, it became part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Mountain railways of India.[13] In addition, Shimla was the capital of the undivided state of Punjab in 1871, and remained so until the construction of the new city of Chandigarh (the present-day capital of the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana). Upon the formation of the state of Himachal Pradesh in 1971, Shimla was named its capital.

Entrance of the Crowborough Rest House built in 1921

After independence the Chief Commissioner's Province of H.P. came into being on 15 April 1948 as a result of integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudatory princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalaya, known in full as the Shimla Hills States & four Punjab southern hill states by issue of the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 & 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. of 1950). The State of Bilaspur was merged in the Himachal Pradesh on 1 April 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. Himachal became a part C state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lt. Governor was appointed. Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956.[14] Following area of Punjab State namely Shimla, Kangra, Kulu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una kanungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una tehsil of Hoshiarpur District besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Tehsil of Pathankot District; were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment of Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 by the Parliament. On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Thus Himachal emerged as the eighteenth state of the Indian Union.[14]

Pre-independence structures still dot Shimla; buildings such as the former Viceregal Lodge, Auckland House, Christ Church, Gorton Castle, Shimla Town Hall and the Gaiety Theatre are reminders of British rule in India.[15][16] The original Peterhoff, another Viceregal residence, burned down in 1981. British Shimla extended about a mile and a half along the ridge between Jakhoo Hill and Prospect Hill. The central spine was the Mall, which ran along the length of the ridge, with a Mall Extension southwards, closed to all carriages except those of the Viceroy and his wife.


Shimla lies in the south-western ranges of the Himalayas at 31°37′N 77°06′E / 31.61°N 77.10°E / 31.61; 77.10. It has an average altitude of 2,206 metres (7,238 ft) above mean sea level and extends along a ridge with seven spurs. The city stretches nearly 9.2 kilometres (5.7 mi) from east to west.[17] Shimla was built on top of a total of seven different hills namely: Inverarm Hill, Observatory Hill, Prospect Hill, Summer Hill, Bantony Hill, Elysium Hill and Jakhoo Hill. The highest point in Shimla is the Jakhoo hill, which is at a height of 2,454 metres (8,051 ft).

The city is a Zone IV (High Damage Risk Zone) per the Earthquake hazard zoning of India. Weak construction techniques and an increasing population pose a serious threat to the already earthquake prone region.[18][19] There are no water bodies near the main city and the closest river, the Sutlej, is about 21 km (13 mi) away.[20] Other rivers that flow through the Shimla district, although further from the city, are the Giri, and Pabbar (both tributaries of Yamuna).

The green belt in the Shimla planning area is spread over 414 hectares (1,020 acres).[12] The main forests in and around the city are of pine, deodar, oak and rhododendron.[21] Environmental degradation due to the increasing number of tourists every year without the infrastructure to support them has resulted in Shimla losing its popular appeal as an ecotourism spot.[22] Another rising concern in the region are the frequent number of landslides that often take place after heavy rains.[18][23]

The city is situated 88 km (55 miles) northeast of Kalka, 116 km (72 miles) northeast of Chandigarh, 247 km (154 miles) south of Manali and 350 km (219 miles) northeast of Delhi, the national capital. Kalka can be reached within 2.5 hours, Chandigarh can be reached in 3 hours and 15 minutes. Delhi and Manali are both around 7 hours away from Shimla.


 Foggy Rain in Shimla by
Foggy rain in Shimla (June)

Shimla features a subtropical highland climate (Cwb) under the Köppen climate classification. The climate in Shimla is predominantly cool during winters and moderately warm during summer.[24] Temperatures typically range from −4 °C (25 °F) to 31 °C (88 °F) over the course of a year.[25]

The average temperature during summer is between 19 and 28 °C (66 and 82 °F), and between −1 and 10 °C (30 and 50 °F) in winter. Monthly precipitation varies between 15 millimetres (0.59 in) in November and 434 millimetres (17.1 in) in August. It is typically around 45 millimetres (1.8 in) per month during winter and spring, and around 175 millimetres (6.9 in) in June as the monsoon approaches.

The average total annual precipitation is 1,575 millimetres (62 in), which is much less than most other hill stations but still much heavier than on the plains. Snowfall in the region, which historically has taken place in the month of December, has lately (over the last fifteen years) been happening in January or early February every year.[26]

The maximum snowfall received in recent times was 38.6 centimetres (15.2 in) on 18 January 2013. On two consecutive days (17 and 18 January 2013), the town received 63.6 centimetres (25.0 in) of snow.[27]

Climate data for Shimla (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.4
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
Average low °C (°F) −1.2
Record low °C (°F) −10.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.0
Average snowfall cm (inches) 42
Average rainy days 4.5 5.3 5.9 4.6 6.3 10.1 17.2 16.2 8.8 2.2 1.5 1.8 84.5
Average snowy days 4.2 4.2 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.3 11.2
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010, snow, 1990–2010)[28][29][30]
Skating at Simla, c. 1905
Rashtrapati Niwas, Shimla, former "Viceregal Lodge", built 1888
Simla and Jutogh, 1911 map


Employment is largely driven by the government and tourism sectors.[31] Education sector and horticultural produce processing comprise most of the remainder. Recently a Model Career Centre has been set-up at Regional Employment Exchange, Shimla to enable bridging the gap between job-seekers and employers.

In addition to being the local hub of transport and trade, Shimla is the area's healthcare centre, hosting a medical college and four major hospitals:[32] Indira Gandhi Hospital (Snowdown Hospital,) Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital (formerly called Ripon Hospital), Kamla Nehru Hospital and Indus Hospital. The city's development plan aims make Shimla an attractive health tourism spot.[31]

The hotel industry is one of the major source of income generation for the city. Shimla leads the list of Indian cities with the highest ranked hotels.[33]

National Academy of Audits and Accounts, Yarrows

Shimla had always been famous for its quality of education and many important schools have been imparting quality education throughout the state. Along with schools of higher education, several institutes are also present, namely Himachal Pradesh University and Indian Institute of Advanced Study. Recruitment to the IAAS is through the joint competitive examinations (the Civil Services Examination) and through promotion from the subordinate cadre. Once recruited to IAAS, the directly recruited officers are trained mainly at the National Academy of Audit and Accounts, Shimla.[34] Students from across India prefer to study in Shimla because of its climate and Queen of Hill Stations status. These have added to the economy of the district as well as the state.

Government is trying to promote technology and IT sector as the new area for growth and promotion[35] although not many companies have yet settled in Shimla. There are many new startups in and around Shimla. There are over six call centres in Shimla, including Alturist Technologies and 31 Parallel. Two notable companies that are registered in Shimla are Netgen IT Solutions, an international website development startup with partner offices in USA and Australia, and Himachal Media, a company that deals with content and media publishing.

Civic administration[edit]

Town Hall as seen from The Ridge

The administrative responsibilities of the city of Shimla and merged areas of Dhalli, Totu and New Shimla reside with the Shimla Municipal Corporation (SMC). All three areas were taken under SMC in 2006–07. Established in 1851, the Shimla Municipal Corporation is an elected body comprising 27 councillors, three of whom are nominated by the Government of Himachal Pradesh.[17] The nominations are based on prominence in the fields of social service, academics and other activities. Thirty-three percent of the seats are reserved for women. The elections take place every five years and the mayor and deputy mayor are elected by and amongst the councilors themselves. Kusum Sadrate and Rakesh Kumar Sharma of BJP are the present Mayor and Deputy Mayor respectively.[36]

The administrative head of the corporation is the commissioner who is appointed by the state government.

The two major political parties are the Bharatiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress with a third party, Communist Party of India (Marxist), emerging.[37]

The city contributes one seat to the state assembly (Vidhan Sabha) and one seat to the lower house of parliament (Lok Sabha).[38] Law and order in the city is collectively maintained by the police force, Vigilance Department, enforcement directorate, forensics, fire brigade, prisons service and Home Guard. There are five police stations and three fire stations in Shimla.[39] The Superintendent of Police, Shimla heads the police force. The First Armed Police Battalion, one of the four armed police battalions in the state, is available for assistance to the local police.[40]

There are eleven courts in the district including a fast-track court.[41]


According to 2011 census, Shimla city spread over an area of 35.34 km2 had a population of 169,578 with 93,152 males and 76,426 females.[2][3] Shimla urban agglomeration had a population of 171,817 as per provisional data of 2011 census, out of which males were 94,797 and females were 77,020.[42] The literacy rate of city was 93.63 percent[3] and that of urban agglomeration was 94.14 per cent.[42]

The city area has increased considerably along with passage of time. It has stretched from Hiranagar to Dhalli from one side & from Tara Devi to Malyana in the other. As per the 2001 India Census,[43] the city has a population of 142,161 spread over an area of 19.55 km².[17] A floating population of 75,000 is attributed to service industries such as tourism.[17] The largest demographic, 55%, is 16–45 years of age. A further 28% of the population are younger than 15 years. The low sex ratio – 930 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2001[44] – is cause for concern, and much lower than the 974 versus 1,000 for Himachal Pradesh state as a whole.

The unemployment rate in the city has come down from 36% in 1992 to 22.6% in 2006. This drop is attributed to recent industrialisation, the growth of service industries, and knowledge development.[45] 84% of the population of Shimla city is literate, compared to 80% in Shimla district and 83.87% in the entire state.[46] The majority of Shimla's population consists of natives of Himachal Pradesh.

Hindi is the lingua franca of the city, it is the principal spoken language of the city and also the most commonly used language for the official purposes. English is also spoken by a sizeable population, and is the second official language of the city. Other than Hindi, Pahari languages is spoken by the ethnic Pahari people, who form a major part of the population in the city. Punjabi language is prevalent among the ethnic Punjabi migrant population of the city, most of whom are refugees from West Punjab, who settled in the city after the Partition of India in 1947. According to 2011 census, the majority religion of city is Hinduism practised by 93.5% of the population, followed by Islam (2.29%), Sikhism (1.95%), Buddhism (1.33%) and Christianity (0.62%).[3]


Stained glass windows at Christ Church (1850), Shimla

The people of Shimla are informally called Shimlaites. With largely cosmopolitan crowds, a variety of festivals are celebrated here. The Shimla Summer Festival, held every year during peak tourist season,[47] and lasting 3–4 days, is celebrated on the Ridge. The highlights of this event include performances by popular singers from all over the country. Since 2015, 95.0 BIG FM[48] and Himachal Tourism have been jointly organizing a 7-days long winter carnival on the Ridge from Christmas to New year.[49][50][51]

Shimla has a number of places to visit. Local hangouts like the Mall and the Ridge are in the heart of the city. Most of the heritage buildings in the city are preserved in their original 'Tudorbethan' architecture. The former Viceregal Lodge, which now houses the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, and Wildflower Hall, now a luxury hotel, are some of the famous ones. A collection of paintings, jewellery and textiles of the region can be found at the State Museum (built in 1974).

Foggy morning at Tattapani

Lakkar Bazaar, a market extending off the Ridge, is famous for souvenirs and crafts made of wood. Tatta Pani, 55 kilometres (34.2 mi) from the main city, is the name of hot sulfur springs that are believed to have medicinal value located on the banks of the River Satluj. Shimla is also home to South Asia's only natural ice skating rink.[52] State and national level competitions are often held at this venue. Shimla Ice Skating Club, which manages the rink, hosts a carnival every year in January, which includes a fancy dress competition and figure skating events. Due to effects of global warming and increasing urban development in and around Shimla, the number of sessions on ice every winter have been decreasing in the past few years.

Jakhu Temple in 1910

Shimla has many temples and is often visited by devotees from nearby towns and cities. The Kali Bari temple, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali is near the mall. Jakhoo Temple, for the Hindu god Hanuman is located at the highest point in Shimla.[53] Sankat Mochan, another Hanuman temple, is famous for the numerous monkeys that are always found in its vicinity. It is located on Shimla-Kalka Highway about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the city. The nearby temple of Tara Devi is a place for performing rituals and festivals. Other prominent places of worship include a Gurudwara near the bus terminus and Christ Church on the Ridge.

A folk celebration in Shimla

Shimla arts and crafts are highly in demand by the tourists. They range from excellent pieces of jewellery, embroidered shawls and garments to leather made articles and sculptures. Shimla is full of pine and deodar trees. The wood has been extensively used in all major buildings of Shimla. The various kinds crafts of Shimla made out of wood includes small boxes, utensils, image carvings and souvenirs.

Side view of Christ Church Shimla from Mall Road.

Carpet making of Shimla is a great attraction for the tourists. Different floral and other motifs are used. Wool is used to make blankets and rugs. The embroidery includes handkerchiefs, hand fans, gloves and caps.

The shawls of Shimla are very well known for their fine quality. The leather craft of Shimla comprises shoes, slippers and belts. The other arts and crafts of Shimla includes a huge collection of beaded and metal jewellery.

The culture of Shimla throwbacks religious, agnostic Kumauni people with simple lifestyle living away from the hustle and bustle of metro cities.

Shimla has the largest natural ice skating rink in South Asia. The ice skating season usually begins in the start of December and goes on till the end of February. The city has sporting venues like the Indira Gandhi Rajya Khel Parisar, the main sports complex. Further out from the city is the Naldehra nine-hole golf course, the oldest of its kind in India.[54] Kufri is a ski resort (winter only) located 19 kilometres (11.8 mi) from the main city.


Public library on The Ridge

The city has 14 anganwadis and 64 primary schools.[17] There are many schools from the British era. Some of the popular convent schools in the city are Bishop Cotton School, St. Edward's School, Shimla, Auckland House School, Shimla Public School, Sacred Heart Convent, Tara Hall, Convent of Jesus & Mary (Chelsea). Other public schools include Kendriya Vidyalaya Jakhoo, DAV New Shimla, Hainault Public School, DAV Lakkar Bazaar, DAV Totu, Dayanand Public School, Himalayan International School and Chapslee Garden School. Bishop Cotton School and St. Edward's School, Shimla are for boys only, whereas, Tara Hall and Convent of Jesus & Mary (Chelsea) are for girls only.

The medical institutes in Shimla are Indira Gandhi Medical College and Dental College. St. Bede's and Rajkiya Kanya MahaVidayaliya (RKMV) are girls-only colleges. Government College, Sanjauli, and Government College Chaura Maidan are also located in the city. The Indian Institute of Advanced Study, housed in the Viceregal lodge, is a residential centre for research in Humanities, Indian culture, religion and social and natural sciences. The Himachal Pradesh University (state University of himachal Pradesh) is also located in Shimla. Himachal Pradesh University Business School (HPUBS), the best Business school of Himachal Pradesh and University Institute of Information Technology, Himachal Pradesh University (UIIT), a premier technical education institute are also located here.

There is one Private University by the name of APG (Alakh Prakash Goyal) Shimla University. The university had also been awarded as the Best University in Hills by Assocham India.[55][56]

Shimla has two state libraries with a collection of over 47,000 old books divided between them. The one at Gandhi Bhavan in the university has over 40,000 books and the other library, also a heritage building on the ridge, has 7,000.[57]

Other institutes of higher education and research located in Shimla are the Central Potato Research Institute, a member of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Academy of Audit and Accounts for training of officers of the Indian Audit and Accounts services (IA&AS).

Places of interest[edit]

The Ridge, covered in snow
Christ Church on the Ridge
Mall Road, Shimla seen from the Scandal point
Catholic Church
Naldehra Golf Club on hilltop, Shimla
  • Jakhu Ropeway[58] connects Jakhu temple to the ridge ground and is the first ropeway in Shimla.
  • The Mall: The Mall is the main shopping street of Shimla. It has many restaurants, clubs, banks, bars, post offices and tourist offices. The Gaiety Theatre is situated there.
  • Christ Church: Situated on the Ridge, Christ Church is the second oldest church in Northern India. Inside there are stained glass windows which represent faith, hope, charity, fortitude, patience and humility.
  • Jakhoo: 2 km from Shimla, at a height of 8,000 ft, Jakhu Hill is the highest peak and has views of the town and of the snow-covered Himalayas. At the top of the hill is an old temple of Lord Hanuman, which is the home of monkeys. A 108 feet (33 metre) statue of Lord Hanuman, a Hindu deity, at 8,500 feet (2,591 metres) above sea level, is the statue standing at the highest altitude among several other masterpieces in the world, overtaking the Christ Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[59]
  • Jutogh: Located 8 km from the city centre, this army cantonment is near Totu, an important suburb of Shimla city.
  • Shimla State Museum: The museum, which was opened in 1974, has tried to protect hill-out and the cultural wealth of the state. There is a collection of miniature Pahari paintings, sculptures, bronzes wood-carvings and also costumes, textiles and jewellery of the region.
  • Indian Institute of Advanced Study: This institute is housed at the former Viceregal Lodge, built in 1884–88.
  • Summer Hill: The township of Summer Hill is at a height of 6,500 ft on the Shimla-Kalka railway line. Mahatma Gandhi lived in these quiet surroundings during his visits to Shimla. Himachal Pradesh University is situated here.
  • Annandale: Developed as the racecourse of Shimla, Annandale is 2–4 km from the Ridge at a height of 6,117 ft. It is now used by the Indian Army.
  • Tara Devi: 11 km from the Shimla bus-stand. Tara Devi Hill has a temple dedicated to the goddess of stars on top of the hill. There is a military Dairy Town here as well as the headquarters of Bharat Scouts and Guides.
  • Sankat Mochan: A famous Lord Hanuman temple is located here.
  • Junga: Junga is nearest Tehsil, 26 km from Shimla. Its original name (with diacritics) is "Jūnga", and it is a former royal retreat of the princely state of Keonthal. It is known as the Keonthal Estate.
  • Anand Vilas: Midway between Shimla and Junga. "Sarva Dharma Mandir", Temple of all faiths, is a spiritual group dedicated to Mother Nature. Thousands of visitors and devotees come here every year. There is an "Art is Values" school with pupils from all over India. Classes are provided free of cost.
  • Totu: A major suburb of Shimla on NH-88. Houses Jutogh railway station & HimFed under Govt. of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Mashobra: 13 km from Shimla, site of the annual Sipi fair in June.
  • Kufri: 16 km from Shimla at a height of 8,600 ft, Kufri is the local winter sports centre, and has a small zoo.
  • Chharabra: 13 km from Shimla on route to Kufri.
  • Naldehra: 22 km from Shimla, with a nine-hole Naldehra Golf Club. The annual Sipi fair in June is held in Naldehra.
  • Chail: Chail was built as summer retreat by the Maharaja of Patiala during the British Raj, it is known for its cricket pitch, the highest in the world.
  • Sanjauli: The main suburb of Shimla.
  • Rashtrapati Niwas
  • Lakkar Bazar[60]


Local transport in Shimla is by bus or private vehicles. Buses ply frequently on the circular road surrounding the city centre. Like any other growing city, Shimla is also expanding with new habitats in the vicinity.Transport services in these areas are also expanding rapidly. Tourist taxis are also an option for out of town trips. Locals typically traverse the city on foot. Private vehicles are prohibited on the Mall, Ridge and nearby markets. Due to narrow roads and steep slopes, the auto rickshaws which are common in other Indian cities are largely absent.


Shimla is well-connected by road network to all major cities in north India and to all major towns and district headquarters within the state. National Highway 22 (NH 22) connects Shimla to the nearest big city of Chandigarh.

Distance between major towns and Shimla:

National Highway 22 connects Shimla to the city of Chandigarh.

Distance between major towns and Shimla:


Shimla Airport is situated at Jubbarhatti, 23 kilometres (14 mi) from the city.[61] Regular flights to Delhi operate from the airport. The nearest major airport is Chandigarh Airport in Chandigarh about 116 km away.


Shimla railway station

The scenic Kalka Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge track, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records for the steepest rise in altitude in a distance of 96 km.[62] Kalka, the plains rail terminus, has daily departures to major Indian cities. The city has a total of three railway stations with Shimla the main station and two others located at Summer Hill and Totu (Jutogh) respectively. It was built to connect Shimla, the summer capital of India during the British Raj, with the Indian rail system. The route is famous for its scenery and improbable construction.

In 2007, the government of Himachal Pradesh declared the railway a heritage property.[63] For about a week starting on 11 September 2007, an expert team from UNESCO visited the railway to review and inspect it for possible selection as a World Heritage Site. On 8 July 2008, the Kalka–Shimla Railway became part of the World Heritage Site Mountain railways of India.[64] alongside Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.[65]

Media and communications[edit]

State-owned All India Radio and Reliance Broadcast owned 95.0 BIG FM have local radio stations in Shimla, which transmits various programmes of mass interest. Apart from a wide range of other national and international TV channels of different languages, the national TV broadcaster Doordarshan also broadcast channels like DD Shimla, DD National and DD Sports in the city. There are a number of private FM radio channels like 95.0 BIG FM and Radio Mirchi.

Amar Ujala,[66] Divya Himachal, Punjab Kesari, and Dainik Bhaskar are the widely circulated Hindi dailies while The Tribune, The Times of India, Hindustan Times and Indian Express are popular English newspapers in the city.

Notable people born in Shimla[edit]

Notable people educated in Shimla[edit]


Sister cities[edit]

Sister relationships with towns and regions worldwide include:

See also[edit]

  • Simla Agreement between India and Pakistan on 3 July 1972
  • Simla Accord (1913) was a treaty between Britain and Tibet signed in 1914 at the end of a convention held in Shimla. Although its legal status is disputed, it is currently the effective boundary between China and India.


  1. ^ a b "Home: District WebSite Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India". 
  2. ^ a b "Shimla District Census 2011 Handbook" (PDF). Census of India. p. 39(Urban Section). Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Shimla City Census 2011 data". Census 2011 India. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  4. ^ "Himachal Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". 
  5. ^ a b c d Vipin Pubby (1996). Shimla Then and Now. Indus Publishing. pp. 17–34. ISBN 978-81-7387-046-0. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Harrop, F. Beresford (1925). Thacker's new Guide to Simla. Simla: Thacker, Spink & Co. pp. 16–19. 
  7. ^ Researches and Missionary Labours Among the Jews, Mohammedans, and Other Sects By Joseph Wolff, published by O. Rogers, 1837
  8. ^ a b "Shimla A five-tunnel town". Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Charles Allen, Kipling Sahib, London, Little Brown, 2007
  10. ^ Hari Sud (2013). Entrepreneurs of British Shimla. Lulu. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-1-304-11357-3. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Kipling Sahib, London, Little Brown, 2007: p. 134
  12. ^ a b c "Heritage of Shimla" (PDF). Town & Country Planning Department, Shimla. Retrieved 4 May 2007. 
  13. ^ "Unesco". Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "History of Himachal Pradesh". National Informatics Centre, Himachal Pradesh. Retrieved 31 March 2008. 
  15. ^ "Official Web Site of District Shimla". Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Shimla: Another age, another time". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 26 May 2001. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Shimla Municipal Corporation". Archived from the original on 3 April 2007. Retrieved 4 May 2007. 
  18. ^ a b "Concrete buildings make Shimla vulnerable to quake". Retrieved 14 October 2005. 
  19. ^ "Report from the field: Shimla City, India" (PDF). GeoHazards International. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2007. 
  20. ^ "Sight seeing tours around Shimla". HP Tourism Development Corporation. Retrieved 21 May 2007. 
  21. ^ "H.P. Forest Department". Retrieved 11 May 2007. 
  22. ^ Adarsh Batra (September 2001). "Himalayan Ecotourism In Shimla" (PDF). ABAC Journal. Assumption University, AU Journal. 
  23. ^ "Landslides disrupt traffic in Shimla". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 16 July 2005. 
  24. ^ "Weather log for Shimla". Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  25. ^ "World 66, Average temperatures and rain". World 66. Retrieved 11 May 2007. 
  26. ^ "62cm and counting". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 14 February 2007. 
  27. ^ "Queen of Hills records highest Snowfall of 8 Years On 25th december, 2016 shimla received its first snowfall of the year. Shimla received the snowfall on christmas after 25 years on 25th december ,2016". IANS. 
  28. ^ "Shimla Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  29. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  30. ^ Tyagi, Ajit; Singh, O.; Singh, Manmohan; Bhan, S. "Climate of Shimla" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  31. ^ a b "City Development Plan, Shimla". Municipal Corporation, Shimla. Archived from the original on 1 November 2006. Retrieved 4 May 2007. 
  32. ^ "Department of Health and Family welfare, Himachal Pradesh". Retrieved 8 May 2007. 
  33. ^ "Shimla tops list of highest ranked hotels". Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  34. ^ "National Academy Of Audit and Accounts, Shimla". 
  35. ^ "36 cities that will shape India's future – Business". 12 October 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  36. ^ Kusum Sadret: BJP gets its first mayor in Shimla
  37. ^ "Cong retains hold on Shimla MC". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 30 April 2002. 
  38. ^ "Indian Elections". Retrieved 11 May 2007. 
  39. ^ "Shimla Helpline". Himachal Pradesh Government. Retrieved 12 May 2007. 
  40. ^ "Himachal Pradesh Police". Retrieved 12 May 2007. 
  41. ^ "High court of Himachal Pradesh". Himachal Pradesh Government. Retrieved 12 May 2007. 
  42. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  43. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  44. ^ Missing: Mapping the Adverse Child Sex Ratio in India, UNFPA 2003
  45. ^ "CM turns down demand for unemployment dole". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 5 April 2007. 
  46. ^ "Himachal Census". Retrieved 4 May 2007. 
  47. ^ "Himachal Tourism, Adventure Tourism". Himachal Tourism Official website. Archived from the original on 16 April 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2007. 
  48. ^ 95.0 BIG FM
  49. ^ "Winter carnival to add to Shimla's tourism - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  50. ^ ANI (2016-12-29). "Shimla welcomes tourists with fashion show during winter carnival". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  51. ^ "Summer festival begins on melodious note". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 4 June 2004. 
  52. ^ "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 11 February 2001. 
  53. ^ Himachal Pradesh – Google Books. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  54. ^ "HP Tourism Development Corporation". Retrieved 2 May 2007. 
  55. ^ "APG University adjudged Best University in Hills". Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  56. ^ Bharat. "APG Shimla University making a mark". Hill Post. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  57. ^ "A state library on its last legs". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 2 February 2001. 
  58. ^ Jakhu Ropeway
  59. ^ "Tallest high-altitude statue puts Shimla in the spotlight". Indian Express. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  60. ^ Lakkar Bazar
  61. ^ "Shimla Airport, Airports Authority of India". Retrieved 18 May 2007. 
  62. ^ "100 years of pine-scented travel". The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Retrieved 8 November 2003. 
  63. ^ "HP declares Kalka–Shimla Railway as 'heritage' property". The Hindu. 13 August 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2007. 
  64. ^ "Kalka–Shimla Railway makes it to Unesco's World Heritage list". The Hindu Business Line. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 10 July 2008. 
  65. ^ " – more than just the news magazine from India". Outlook India. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  66. ^ "Hindi Newspapers". Amar Ujala. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  67. ^ City of Carbondale – Sister Cities
  68. ^ – International Directory

External links[edit]


None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license