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Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Published: 2012/10/27
Channel: Aashpazi.com
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Hasan Kabaabi
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Published: 2012/06/15
Channel: Avang Music
Bibi shirini - saudi song
Bibi shirini - saudi song
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: lamhewithsahil
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Aashpazi.com
چۆنیه‌تی دروستکردنی شیرینی کوردی - Chonyati drwst krdni shirini kurdi
چۆنیه‌تی دروستکردنی شیرینی کوردی - Chonyati drwst krdni shirini kurdi
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Dayki Kardox
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Ashpazi -  Shirini Kila - آشپزی - طرز تهیه شیرینی کیله
Ashpazi - Shirini Kila - آشپزی - طرز تهیه شیرینی کیله
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: 1TV Kabul تلویزیون یک
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini bame
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini bame
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Tara Amin
شیرینی کشمشی Iranian Raisin Cookies | Shirini Keshmeshi
شیرینی کشمشی Iranian Raisin Cookies | Shirini Keshmeshi
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
Shirini badami tabriz - شیرینی بادامی تبریز
Shirini badami tabriz - شیرینی بادامی تبریز
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: Ashpazi.890m.com
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی زبان - روش آسان آماده کردن شیرینی زبان | Shirini Zaban
شیرینی زبان - روش آسان آماده کردن شیرینی زبان | Shirini Zaban
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: SpringSallad
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: Zeeshan Younas
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini charkhi - nan charkhi - نان چرخی - شیرینی چرخی
Shirini charkhi - nan charkhi - نان چرخی - شیرینی چرخی
Published: 2015/03/14
Channel: Ashpazi.890m.com
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Choice My Food
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Tara Amin
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Sarmad2 Tube
Bibi Shirini Full Song HD Zaeek Afridi
Bibi Shirini Full Song HD Zaeek Afridi
Published: 2011/09/07
Channel: pakihazro1
Shirini nokhodchi شیرینی نخودچی خانم گل آور
Shirini nokhodchi شیرینی نخودچی خانم گل آور
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Ashpazi.890m.com
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
"Bibi Shirini" sung by Zeek Afridi & Natasha Baig
"Bibi Shirini" sung by Zeek Afridi & Natasha Baig
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: ARY Zindagi
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba hawiri paqlawa
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba hawiri paqlawa
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Tara Amin
خانم گلاور شیرینی نارگیلی Parinaz Golavar Shirini Nargili
خانم گلاور شیرینی نارگیلی Parinaz Golavar Shirini Nargili
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Chef Irooni سرآشپز ایرونی
Aryana Sayeed BiBi Shirini New Pashto Song 2016 [ Official ]
Aryana Sayeed BiBi Shirini New Pashto Song 2016 [ Official ]
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: YouTube Afghanistan
BEST shirini In IRAN ONLY ! !
BEST shirini In IRAN ONLY ! !
Published: 2009/02/11
Channel: jahangardpj
Bibi Shirini - Myssah
Bibi Shirini - Myssah
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: MyssahOfficial
Azam Elmi -  Shirini Keshmeshi (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
Azam Elmi - Shirini Keshmeshi (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
Published: 2014/03/28
Channel: 0 to 100 Television
bibi shirini by Fazal
bibi shirini by Fazal
Published: 2011/05/15
Channel: frkhatti
شیرینی مارمالادی Marmalade Cookies | Shirini Marmaladi
شیرینی مارمالادی Marmalade Cookies | Shirini Marmaladi
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
آموزش شیرینی شکلاتی قلب خامه ای گیاهی نسیم Shirini Chocolate Irani
آموزش شیرینی شکلاتی قلب خامه ای گیاهی نسیم Shirini Chocolate Irani
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: Nasime Sabz
BIBI SHIRINI by SHAZIA KHUSHAK in LUNCHING CEREMONY OF KARACHI KINGS 8 JAN 2016 PSL 640x360
BIBI SHIRINI by SHAZIA KHUSHAK in LUNCHING CEREMONY OF KARACHI KINGS 8 JAN 2016 PSL 640x360
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: john umair
Shirini Baha kiliki vairal video song chittoor
Shirini Baha kiliki vairal video song chittoor
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Vilson J
آموزش شیرینی نارگیلی خام گیاهی با نسیم Shirini Nargili Vegan
آموزش شیرینی نارگیلی خام گیاهی با نسیم Shirini Nargili Vegan
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: Nasime Sabz
bibi shirini RAAGNI
bibi shirini RAAGNI
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: mohamadaliii
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini swara
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini swara
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Tara Amin
Bibi shirini saudi song Pashto urdu Song sexy cute girl nice mujra dance asi videos
Bibi shirini saudi song Pashto urdu Song sexy cute girl nice mujra dance asi videos
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: ASI Videos
Qarara Rasha & Bibi Shirini Rabab Instrumental
Qarara Rasha & Bibi Shirini Rabab Instrumental
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Malumat Tube
shirini haye irani tavasote ramin sharifpour ein sheikh
shirini haye irani tavasote ramin sharifpour ein sheikh
Published: 2011/06/08
Channel: ramin sharifpour
Bibi Shirini - Afghan Keyboard
Bibi Shirini - Afghan Keyboard
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: DJ Said Seleman
Bibi Shirini by Ragni in Eid Show
Bibi Shirini by Ragni in Eid Show
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: arshad7866
Najim Nawabi - Bibi Sheerini & Baraan Ro Ro Live 2016
Najim Nawabi - Bibi Sheerini & Baraan Ro Ro Live 2016
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: ALMC
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Imty Jani
[HD Video] Bibi Shirini (Remix Version) I Zeek Afridi ☆ Very Famous Pashto Song in New Style
[HD Video] Bibi Shirini (Remix Version) I Zeek Afridi ☆ Very Famous Pashto Song in New Style
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Shahzada Naveed
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Shirini, which literally means “sweets” in Persian language ("shirin" = sweet) and its Dari variant spoken in Afghanistan, is the euphemism commonly used for bribes.

In Afghanistan under the Karzai administration, the rampant culture of corruption and especially graft from low-level police officers, who receive low salaries and are said to take bribes to subsist, to the highest level of government officials, became a major source of general discontent and cynicism. Many interactions with authorities require shirini – like getting a new driver's license or paying a water or electricity bill.

This discontent drove a wedge between the government and the Afghan people, who under this administration grew more and more resentful of the established politics. It would turn people toward the fundamentalist Taliban, which were perceived as relatively "clean".[citation needed]

By the western donors of Afghanistan and also by Afghan politicians, taming corruption is seen as crucial to the future of the country;[1][2] all candidates in the presidential elections in 2009 pledged to fight it.

According to a survey by Integrity Watch Afghanistan in 2007, the average Afghan household had to pay round about $100 yearly in petty bribes, while 70 percent of the families in the poverty-stricken country survive on less than $1 a day.[3][4]

The report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) titled Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims,[5][6] published in January 2010, calculated that Afghans had paid a staggering $1.2 billion bribes over a 12-month period ending Autumn 2009 – roughly equal to one quarter of the national GDP.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooper, Helene (2 November 2009). "Obama Warns Karzai to Focus on Tackling Corruption". The New York Times. Afghanistan. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "British FM says aid to Afghanistan conditional". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 January 2012. [dead link]
  3. ^ Caro, Mark. "Pervasive corruption fuels deep anger in Afghanistan – Many long for harsh but clean rule of Taliban". Archives.chicagotribune.com. Archived from the original on 19 October 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Barker, Kim (30 November 2009). "Letter from Kabul: solving Afghanistan's problems". Foreignaffairs.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Microsoft Word - Corruption report Afghanistan 15Jan10.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "''Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims''". Scribd.com. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ """Drain the Swamp of Corruption in Afghanistan," Says UNODC"". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Corruption in Afghanistan -UN Report Claims Bribes Equal to Quarter of GDP". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Afghanistan seeks new ideas against corruption"[dead link]
  11. ^ Rodriguez, Alex (20 January 2010). "Corruption robs Afghans of a quarter of nation's GDP, report says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Corruption Accounts For One Quarter GDP In Afghanistan"

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