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Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba hawiri paqlawa
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba hawiri paqlawa
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Tara Amin
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Published: 2012/10/27
Channel: Aashpazi.com
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Hasan Kabaabi
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Aashpazi.com
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Choice My Food
Zeek Afridi_Bibi Shirini (urdu)
Zeek Afridi_Bibi Shirini (urdu)
Published: 2010/10/10
Channel: arshad7866
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
Shirini kastar ba gwesi hindi
Shirini kastar ba gwesi hindi
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: Siwan's Kitchen
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی فندق و مارسیپان -- Shirini Fandogh Va Marsipan
شیرینی فندق و مارسیپان -- Shirini Fandogh Va Marsipan
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Published: 2012/06/15
Channel: Avang Music
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی (نان) نخودچی Shirini (Naan) Nokhodchi
شیرینی (نان) نخودچی Shirini (Naan) Nokhodchi
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini swara
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini swara
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Tara Amin
"Bibi Shirini" sung by Zeek Afridi & Natasha Baig
"Bibi Shirini" sung by Zeek Afridi & Natasha Baig
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: ARY Zindagi
shirini haye irani tavasote ramin sharifpour ein sheikh
shirini haye irani tavasote ramin sharifpour ein sheikh
Published: 2011/06/08
Channel: ramin sharifpour
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Badam - Afghan Candied Almonds Recipe - شیرینی بادام - خسته شیرین
Shirini Badam - Afghan Candied Almonds Recipe - شیرینی بادام - خسته شیرین
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: KabulKitchen Recipes
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی کشمشی Iranian Raisin Cookies | Shirini Keshmeshi
شیرینی کشمشی Iranian Raisin Cookies | Shirini Keshmeshi
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
آموزش پختن شیرینی نارگیلی  shirini Nargili
آموزش پختن شیرینی نارگیلی shirini Nargili
Published: 2012/01/29
Channel: Mossi parissmon
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: Faisal Niazi
شیرینی زبان - روش آسان آماده کردن شیرینی زبان | Shirini Zaban
شیرینی زبان - روش آسان آماده کردن شیرینی زبان | Shirini Zaban
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: SpringSallad
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Tara Amin
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Bow Tie Pastry (Shirini e Papioni) Recipe, simple and easy
Bow Tie Pastry (Shirini e Papioni) Recipe, simple and easy
Published: 2012/11/24
Channel: Aashpazi.com
aryana sayeed aryana band bibi shirini eid qurban performance 2016
aryana sayeed aryana band bibi shirini eid qurban performance 2016
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: zobizobi Auvergne
Bibi shirini  Arabic song
Bibi shirini Arabic song
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: Sana Shafaqat
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini bame
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini bame
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Tara Amin
[HD Video] Bibi Shirini (Remix Version) I Zeek Afridi ☆ Very Famous Pashto Song in New Style
[HD Video] Bibi Shirini (Remix Version) I Zeek Afridi ☆ Very Famous Pashto Song in New Style
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Shahzada Naveed
Bibi Shirini - Myssah
Bibi Shirini - Myssah
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: MyssahOfficial
BEST shirini In IRAN ONLY ! !
BEST shirini In IRAN ONLY ! !
Published: 2009/02/11
Channel: jahangardpj
خانم گلاور شیرینی نخودچی Parinaz Golavar Shirini Nokhodchi
خانم گلاور شیرینی نخودچی Parinaz Golavar Shirini Nokhodchi
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Chef Irooni سرآشپز ایرونی
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Sarmad2 Tube
bibi shirini (uzbeck) from MKJ
bibi shirini (uzbeck) from MKJ
Published: 2008/01/06
Channel: M Kashif Javid
Bibi Shirini
Bibi Shirini
Published: 2009/11/28
Channel: hunzaboy
Hot Mujra Bibi Shirini (urdu) Beautifull Dancers In Wedding Mujra Dance Party Song By Nk Studio
Hot Mujra Bibi Shirini (urdu) Beautifull Dancers In Wedding Mujra Dance Party Song By Nk Studio
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Nadeem Khalid
Raisin Cookies-How to make SHIRINI KESHMESHI
Raisin Cookies-How to make SHIRINI KESHMESHI
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Savvy Hero
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Pesian pastry, shirini,how to make an iranian pastry
Pesian pastry, shirini,how to make an iranian pastry
Published: 2011/09/08
Channel: persia m
Bibi Shirini (Urdu Song)
Bibi Shirini (Urdu Song)
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: LOVE IS LIFE
Bibi Shirini- Pashto Afganistan Song
Bibi Shirini- Pashto Afganistan Song
Published: 2010/02/27
Channel: freesangeet
kakestykker shirini tar
kakestykker shirini tar
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Soheilas oppskrifter
Shirini Royaye Mani by Sibsorkhi - سیب سرخی
Shirini Royaye Mani by Sibsorkhi - سیب سرخی
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Rasul Ḥasan Al-Rāfiḍī
bibi shirini by Fazal
bibi shirini by Fazal
Published: 2011/05/15
Channel: frkhatti
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Shirini, which literally means “sweets” in Persian language ("shirin" = sweet) and its Dari variant spoken in Afghanistan, is the euphemism commonly used for bribes.

In Afghanistan under the Karzai administration, the rampant culture of corruption and especially graft from low-level police officers, who receive low salaries and are said to take bribes to subsist, to the highest level of government officials, became a major source of general discontent and cynicism. Many interactions with authorities require shirini – like getting a new driver's license or paying a water or electricity bill.

This discontent drove a wedge between the government and the Afghan people, who under this administration grew more and more resentful of the established politics. It would turn people toward the fundamentalist Taliban, which were perceived as relatively "clean".[citation needed]

By the western donors of Afghanistan and also by Afghan politicians, taming corruption is seen as crucial to the future of the country;[1][2] all candidates in the presidential elections in 2009 pledged to fight it.

According to a survey by Integrity Watch Afghanistan in 2007, the average Afghan household had to pay round about $100 yearly in petty bribes, while 70 percent of the families in the poverty-stricken country survive on less than $1 a day.[3][4]

The report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) titled Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims,[5][6] published in January 2010, calculated that Afghans had paid a staggering $1.2 billion bribes over a 12-month period ending Autumn 2009 – roughly equal to one quarter of the national GDP.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooper, Helene (2 November 2009). "Obama Warns Karzai to Focus on Tackling Corruption". The New York Times. Afghanistan. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "British FM says aid to Afghanistan conditional". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 January 2012. [dead link]
  3. ^ Caro, Mark. "Pervasive corruption fuels deep anger in Afghanistan – Many long for harsh but clean rule of Taliban". Archives.chicagotribune.com. Archived from the original on 19 October 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Barker, Kim (30 November 2009). "Letter from Kabul: solving Afghanistan's problems". Foreignaffairs.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Microsoft Word - Corruption report Afghanistan 15Jan10.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "''Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims''". Scribd.com. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ """Drain the Swamp of Corruption in Afghanistan," Says UNODC"". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Corruption in Afghanistan -UN Report Claims Bribes Equal to Quarter of GDP". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Afghanistan seeks new ideas against corruption"[dead link]
  11. ^ Rodriguez, Alex (20 January 2010). "Corruption robs Afghans of a quarter of nation's GDP, report says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Corruption Accounts For One Quarter GDP In Afghanistan"

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