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Zaeek Afridi Bibi Shirini urdu
Zaeek Afridi Bibi Shirini urdu
Published: 2013/12/25
Channel: rizk2005uk1
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Choice My Food
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Aashpazi.com
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Published: 2012/10/27
Channel: Aashpazi.com
Shirini Badam - Afghan Candied Almonds Recipe - شیرینی بادام - خسته شیرین
Shirini Badam - Afghan Candied Almonds Recipe - شیرینی بادام - خسته شیرین
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: KabulKitchen Recipes
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Hasan Kabaabi
Bibi shirini Fazal Ghufran
Bibi shirini Fazal Ghufran
Published: 2011/02/11
Channel: fazalghufran100
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی خرمایی Shirini Khormayi
شیرینی خرمایی Shirini Khormayi
Published: 2015/12/25
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی کشمشی Iranian Raisin Cookies | Shirini Keshmeshi
شیرینی کشمشی Iranian Raisin Cookies | Shirini Keshmeshi
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Published: 2012/06/15
Channel: Avang Music
shirini bamiyeh شیرینی بامیه
shirini bamiyeh شیرینی بامیه
Published: 2012/08/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی بادامی - Shirini Badami
شیرینی بادامی - Shirini Badami
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی (نان) نخودچی Shirini (Naan) Nokhodchi
شیرینی (نان) نخودچی Shirini (Naan) Nokhodchi
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Aryana Sayeed   Pashto new video song 2016 Bibi shirini
Aryana Sayeed Pashto new video song 2016 Bibi shirini
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: New Afghan Songs
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Sarmad2 Tube
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Tara Amin
Shirini kastar ba gwesi hindi
Shirini kastar ba gwesi hindi
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: Siwan's Kitchen
Bibi shirini  saudi song  Pushto urdu Song   sexy cute girl  nice mujra dance
Bibi shirini saudi song Pushto urdu Song sexy cute girl nice mujra dance
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: ASI Videos
Bibi Shirini.DAT
Bibi Shirini.DAT
Published: 2010/06/03
Channel: Umair Khan
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Meringue Cookies- Shirini Pofaki
Meringue Cookies- Shirini Pofaki
Published: 2014/11/02
Channel: Choice My Food
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Imty Jani
BIBI SHIRINI by SHAZIA KHUSHAK in LUNCHING CEREMONY OF KARACHI KINGS 8 JAN 2016 PSL
BIBI SHIRINI by SHAZIA KHUSHAK in LUNCHING CEREMONY OF KARACHI KINGS 8 JAN 2016 PSL
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Ralph Pingrey
Shazia Khushk Bi Bi Shirini Live @ Ramada Karachi 9th Oct 11
Shazia Khushk Bi Bi Shirini Live @ Ramada Karachi 9th Oct 11
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: Feyza Ertug
شیرینی فندق و مارسیپان -- Shirini Fandogh Va Marsipan
شیرینی فندق و مارسیپان -- Shirini Fandogh Va Marsipan
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
BIBI SHIRINI, BABLI SHEHNAZ GREECE EDITED BY NASIR JASSOKI MOVIES GREECE
BIBI SHIRINI, BABLI SHEHNAZ GREECE EDITED BY NASIR JASSOKI MOVIES GREECE
Published: 2014/10/09
Channel: Maliknasir_ Jassoki
Bibi Shirini On Rabab Mangi Song Must Watch New Pashto Songs Tapay 2017 HD
Bibi Shirini On Rabab Mangi Song Must Watch New Pashto Songs Tapay 2017 HD
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Mast Production
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
Published: 2013/06/23
Channel: Shumaila Sindhu
Bibi Shirini    Music Jinni
Bibi Shirini Music Jinni
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Expore CHITRAL
Bibi Shirini | Saima Jahan | Original Soundtrack | Jab Tak Hain Hum
Bibi Shirini | Saima Jahan | Original Soundtrack | Jab Tak Hain Hum
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Gaane Shaane
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Bibi shirini jan mari.
Bibi shirini jan mari.
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Sana Ali
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
Aaqib ahmed, bibi shirini official song || latest song 2016  (audio song)
Aaqib ahmed, bibi shirini official song || latest song 2016 (audio song)
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: Aaqib Ahmed
Bibi Shirini Jamnastic
Bibi Shirini Jamnastic
Published: 2011/11/09
Channel: teerose2009
bibi shirini pushto urdu mix by aftab svt muhammad khawaja.AVI
bibi shirini pushto urdu mix by aftab svt muhammad khawaja.AVI
Published: 2011/07/31
Channel: Aftab Ahmed
YouTube - bibi shirini (turkish) from MKJ.flv
YouTube - bibi shirini (turkish) from MKJ.flv
Published: 2010/06/14
Channel: sahibrind2010
Bibi Shirini Karaoke sing along Track
Bibi Shirini Karaoke sing along Track
Published: 2011/08/11
Channel: PashtoKaraoke
آموزش شیرینی شکلاتی قلب خامه ای گیاهی نسیم Shirini Chocolate Irani
آموزش شیرینی شکلاتی قلب خامه ای گیاهی نسیم Shirini Chocolate Irani
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: Nasime Sabz
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
Published: 2012/07/22
Channel: Abir Dj
Hamed Pahlan - Shirin Shirini 2 [NEW 2015]
Hamed Pahlan - Shirin Shirini 2 [NEW 2015]
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: persiansongz
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Shirini, which literally means “sweets” in Persian language ("shirin" = sweet) and its Dari variant spoken in Afghanistan, is the euphemism commonly used for bribes.

In Afghanistan under the Karzai administration, the rampant culture of corruption and especially graft from low-level police officers, who receive low salaries and are said to take bribes to subsist, to the highest level of government officials, became a major source of general discontent and cynicism. Many interactions with authorities require shirini – like getting a new driver's license or paying a water or electricity bill.

This discontent drove a wedge between the government and the Afghan people, who under this administration grew more and more resentful of the established politics. It would turn people toward the fundamentalist Taliban, which were perceived as relatively "clean".[citation needed]

By the western donors of Afghanistan and also by Afghan politicians, taming corruption is seen as crucial to the future of the country;[1][2] all candidates in the presidential elections in 2009 pledged to fight it.

According to a survey by Integrity Watch Afghanistan in 2007, the average Afghan household had to pay round about $100 yearly in petty bribes, while 70 percent of the families in the poverty-stricken country survive on less than $1 a day.[3][4]

The report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) titled Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims,[5][6] published in January 2010, calculated that Afghans had paid a staggering $1.2 billion bribes over a 12-month period ending Autumn 2009 – roughly equal to one quarter of the national GDP.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooper, Helene (2 November 2009). "Obama Warns Karzai to Focus on Tackling Corruption". The New York Times. Afghanistan. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "British FM says aid to Afghanistan conditional". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 January 2012. [dead link]
  3. ^ Caro, Mark. "Pervasive corruption fuels deep anger in Afghanistan – Many long for harsh but clean rule of Taliban". Archives.chicagotribune.com. Archived from the original on 19 October 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Barker, Kim (30 November 2009). "Letter from Kabul: solving Afghanistan's problems". Foreignaffairs.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Microsoft Word - Corruption report Afghanistan 15Jan10.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "''Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims''". Scribd.com. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ """Drain the Swamp of Corruption in Afghanistan," Says UNODC"". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Corruption in Afghanistan -UN Report Claims Bribes Equal to Quarter of GDP". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Afghanistan seeks new ideas against corruption"[dead link]
  11. ^ Rodriguez, Alex (20 January 2010). "Corruption robs Afghans of a quarter of nation's GDP, report says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Corruption Accounts For One Quarter GDP In Afghanistan"

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