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1
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
::2012/06/14::
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2
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
::2013/04/03::
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3
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
::2012/12/04::
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4
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
::2012/03/29::
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5
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
::2013/03/13::
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6
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
::2012/12/08::
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7
Bamieh Shirini
Bamieh Shirini
::2013/07/23::
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8
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
::2012/12/26::
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9
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
::2012/11/27::
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10
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
::2013/05/15::
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11
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
::2012/03/29::
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12
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
::2012/08/16::
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13
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
::2012/10/27::
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14
شیرینی لطیفه Shirini Latifeh
شیرینی لطیفه Shirini Latifeh
::2012/11/12::
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15
Bibi shirini - saudi song
Bibi shirini - saudi song
::2011/01/08::
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16
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
::2012/04/04::
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17
Dokhtar Shirini Forosh Full Movie - فیلم دختر شیرینی فروش
Dokhtar Shirini Forosh Full Movie - فیلم دختر شیرینی فروش
::2014/08/07::
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18
Zeek Afridi Bibi Shirini (urdu) Song
Zeek Afridi Bibi Shirini (urdu) Song
::2012/05/23::
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19
آموزش پختن شیرینی نارگیلی  shirini Nargili
آموزش پختن شیرینی نارگیلی shirini Nargili
::2012/01/29::
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20
Bibi Shirini
Bibi Shirini
::2011/07/25::
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21
Shirini Papioni شیرینی پاپیونی
Shirini Papioni شیرینی پاپیونی
::2013/03/16::
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22
Xwardni Kurdi - Shirini
Xwardni Kurdi - Shirini ''Bame''
::2013/03/16::
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23
Majaraye khordan shirini dar Kolah Ghermezi - Funny - کلاه قرمزی ۹۳
Majaraye khordan shirini dar Kolah Ghermezi - Funny - کلاه قرمزی ۹۳
::2014/03/28::
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24
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
::2008/08/26::
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25
شیرینی دانمارکی به سبکی دیگر Shirini Danmarki 2
شیرینی دانمارکی به سبکی دیگر Shirini Danmarki 2
::2013/01/12::
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26
b b shirini...
b b shirini...
::2007/05/06::
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27
shirini bamiyeh شیرینی بامیه
shirini bamiyeh شیرینی بامیه
::2012/08/04::
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28
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
::2012/04/04::
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29
شیرینی قرابیه shirini ghorabiyeh/qurabiya
شیرینی قرابیه shirini ghorabiyeh/qurabiya
::2011/12/24::
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30
Shirini Gooshfil شیرینی گوش فیل
Shirini Gooshfil شیرینی گوش فیل
::2013/07/13::
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31
Pesian pastry, shirini,how to make an iranian pastry
Pesian pastry, shirini,how to make an iranian pastry
::2011/09/07::
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32
Adel Ferdowsipoor  dispute in 90  with Persepolis Saeid Shirini over sleeping in football field !
Adel Ferdowsipoor dispute in 90 with Persepolis Saeid Shirini over sleeping in football field !
::2013/09/10::
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33
Xwardni Kurdi - Shirini-Kek
Xwardni Kurdi - Shirini-Kek
::2013/01/30::
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34
Reza Rezai, Bibi Shirini (Kalo Shirini), Hazaragi Pashto : Azergi
Reza Rezai, Bibi Shirini (Kalo Shirini), Hazaragi Pashto : Azergi
::2014/03/19::
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35
Azam Elmi -  Shirini Keshmeshi (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
Azam Elmi - Shirini Keshmeshi (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
::2014/03/28::
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36
Gheysar Shirini DJ Said Mix.wmv
Gheysar Shirini DJ Said Mix.wmv
::2012/06/15::
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37
Shirini Irani
Shirini Irani
::2013/06/25::
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38
BEST shirini In IRAN ONLY ! !
BEST shirini In IRAN ONLY ! !
::2009/02/11::
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39
Azam Elmi - Shirini Nargili (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
Azam Elmi - Shirini Nargili (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
::2014/02/24::
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40
shirini golroiaii  گل
shirini golroiaii گل
::2014/05/04::
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41
shirini zaban
shirini zaban
::2013/12/16::
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42
Azam Elmi - Shirini Khoshk (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
Azam Elmi - Shirini Khoshk (Rotterdam - Netherlands)
::2014/02/24::
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43
Walnut Cookie (Shirini Gerdouee) Recipe
Walnut Cookie (Shirini Gerdouee) Recipe
::2014/05/13::
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44
Gheysar - Shirini Concert in Israel
Gheysar - Shirini Concert in Israel
::2014/06/29::
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45
Bow Tie Pastry (Shirini e Papioni) Recipe, simple and easy
Bow Tie Pastry (Shirini e Papioni) Recipe, simple and easy
::2012/11/24::
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46
shirini irani
shirini irani
::2012/11/28::
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47
Zeek Afridi, Singer (Bibi Shirini Fame) Post by Zagham
Zeek Afridi, Singer (Bibi Shirini Fame) Post by Zagham
::2011/02/07::
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48
شیرینی تر ژله ای - shirini jelei
شیرینی تر ژله ای - shirini jelei
::2014/01/12::
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49
کیک چای سبز - shirini haye irani
کیک چای سبز - shirini haye irani
::2014/01/12::
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50
Shirini Kardo (Ibrahim Pasha - Slemani)
Shirini Kardo (Ibrahim Pasha - Slemani)
::2013/10/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the village in Iran, see Shirini-ye Saqah.

Shirini, which literally means “sweets” in Persian language ("shirin" = sweet) and its Dari variant spoken in Afghanistan, is the euphemism commonly used for bribes.

In Afghanistan under the Karzai administration, the rampant culture of corruption and especially graft from low-level police officers, who receive low salaries and are said to take bribes to subsist, to the highest level of government officials, became a major source of general discontent and cynicism. Many interactions with authorities require shirini – like getting a new driver's license or paying a water or electricity bill.

This discontent drove a wedge between the government and the Afghan people, who under this administration grew more and more resentful of the established politics. It would turn people toward the fundamentalist Taliban, which were perceived as relatively "clean".[citation needed]

By the western donors of Afghanistan and also by Afghan politicians, taming corruption is seen as crucial to the future of the country;[1][2] all candidates in the presidential elections in 2009 pledged to fight it.

According to a survey by Integrity Watch Afghanistan in 2007, the average Afghan household had to pay round about $100 yearly in petty bribes, while 70 percent of the families in the poverty-stricken country survive on less than $1 a day.[3][4]

The report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) titled Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims,[5][6] published in January 2010, calculated that Afghans had paid a staggering $1.2 billion bribes over a 12-month period ending Autumn 2009 – roughly equal to one quarter of the national GDP.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooper, Helene (2 November 2009). "Obama Warns Karzai to Focus on Tackling Corruption". The New York Times (Afghanistan). Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "British FM says aid to Afghanistan conditional". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 January 2012. [dead link]
  3. ^ Caro, Mark. "Pervasive corruption fuels deep anger in Afghanistan – Many long for harsh but clean rule of Taliban". Archives.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012. [dead link]
  4. ^ Barker, Kim (30 November 2009). "Letter from Kabul: solving Afghanistan's problems". Foreignaffairs.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Microsoft Word - Corruption report Afghanistan 15Jan10.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "''Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims''". Scribd.com. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ """Drain the Swamp of Corruption in Afghanistan," Says UNODC"". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Corruption in Afghanistan -UN Report Claims Bribes Equal to Quarter of GDP". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Afghanistan seeks new ideas against corruption"[dead link]
  11. ^ Rodriguez, Alex (20 January 2010). "Corruption robs Afghans of a quarter of nation's GDP, report says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Corruption Accounts For One Quarter GDP In Afghanistan"[dead link]
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