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Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Shirini Morabaei شیرینی‌ مربایی
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Zeek Afridi_Bibi Shirini (urdu)
Zeek Afridi_Bibi Shirini (urdu)
Published: 2010/10/10
Channel: arshad7866
Bibi Shirini - Myssah
Bibi Shirini - Myssah
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: MyssahOfficial
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Zaban or shirini e zaban (puff pastry) recipe
Published: 2012/10/27
Channel: Aashpazi.com
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
latifeh (Shirini Latifeh) Cookie Recipe 4K
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Aashpazi.com
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Shirini Keshmeshi شیرینی کشمشی
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
shirini nokhodchi roasted chickpeas cookies شیرینی نخودچی نان نخودچی
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Shirini Nargili | شیرینی نارگیلی
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Hasan Kabaabi
Bow Tie Pastry (Shirini e Papioni) Recipe, simple and easy
Bow Tie Pastry (Shirini e Papioni) Recipe, simple and easy
Published: 2012/11/24
Channel: Aashpazi.com
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Bamieh Shirini recipe شیرینی بامیه
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Choice My Food
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Shirini Danmarki 1 شیرینی‌ دانمارکی
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
Shirini Zulbia شیرینی‌ زولبیا
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Badam - Afghan Candied Almonds Recipe - شیرینی بادام - خسته شیرین
Shirini Badam - Afghan Candied Almonds Recipe - شیرینی بادام - خسته شیرین
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: KabulKitchen Recipes
خانم گلاور شیرینی نخودچی Parinaz Golavar Shirini Nokhodchi
خانم گلاور شیرینی نخودچی Parinaz Golavar Shirini Nokhodchi
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Chef Irooni سرآشپز ایرونی
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
shirini khoshk انواع شیرینی خشک
Published: 2012/03/30
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی لطیفه Shirini Latifeh
شیرینی لطیفه Shirini Latifeh
Published: 2012/11/12
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Shirini Zaban شیرینی زبان
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی بادامی - Shirini Badami
شیرینی بادامی - Shirini Badami
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
shirini gerdooyi شیرینی گردوئی
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی (نان) نخودچی Shirini (Naan) Nokhodchi
شیرینی (نان) نخودچی Shirini (Naan) Nokhodchi
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: Nooshejaan Recipes
Shirini kastar ba gwesi hindi
Shirini kastar ba gwesi hindi
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: Siwan's Kitchen
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
shirini khormai - شیرینی خرمایی
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Gheysar - Shirini OFFICIAL VIDEO HD
Published: 2012/06/15
Channel: Avang Music
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Shirini/Nan Berenji شیرینی/نان برنجی
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Xoshtrin Gorani Kurdi 2017 - To Shirini - خۆشترین گۆرانی کوردی ۲۰۱۷
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Sarmad2 Tube
bibi shirini
bibi shirini
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: Zeeshan Younas
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
شیرینی ناپلئونی Shirini Napeloni
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
شیرینی فندق و مارسیپان -- Shirini Fandogh Va Marsipan
شیرینی فندق و مارسیپان -- Shirini Fandogh Va Marsipan
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: Ashpazi Irani آشپزی ایرانی
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini swara
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini swara
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Tara Amin
Aryana Sayeed BiBi Shirini New Pashto Song 2016 [ Official ]
Aryana Sayeed BiBi Shirini New Pashto Song 2016 [ Official ]
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: YouTube Afghanistan
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba shiri wshk
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba shiri wshk
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Tara Amin
Bibi shirini - saudi song
Bibi shirini - saudi song
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: lamhewithsahil
Najim Nawabi - Bibi Sheerini & Baraan Ro Ro Live 2016
Najim Nawabi - Bibi Sheerini & Baraan Ro Ro Live 2016
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: ALMC
bibi shirini RAAGNI
bibi shirini RAAGNI
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: mohamadaliii
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini qataif
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Tara Amin
b b shirini.FLV
b b shirini.FLV
Published: 2012/05/23
Channel: Muzamal bhatti
shirini irani
shirini irani
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: Brallian Hamidi
Bibi shirini
Bibi shirini
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Lahore Tv
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba hawiri paqlawa
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini ba hawiri paqlawa
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Tara Amin
Kalo shirini
Kalo shirini
Published: 2007/07/24
Channel: Romeo19801
BIBI SHIRINI, BABLI SHEHNAZ GREECE EDITED BY NASIR JASSOKI MOVIES GREECE
BIBI SHIRINI, BABLI SHEHNAZ GREECE EDITED BY NASIR JASSOKI MOVIES GREECE
Published: 2014/10/09
Channel: Maliknasir_ Jassoki
Bibi Shireenay by gulzar alam
Bibi Shireenay by gulzar alam
Published: 2012/08/11
Channel: Murad Khan
kakestykker shirini tar
kakestykker shirini tar
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Soheilas oppskrifter
شیرینی قرابیه shirini ghorabiyeh/qurabiya
شیرینی قرابیه shirini ghorabiyeh/qurabiya
Published: 2011/12/24
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Meringue Cookies- Shirini Pofaki
Meringue Cookies- Shirini Pofaki
Published: 2014/11/02
Channel: Choice My Food
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini bame
Xwardni kurdi Tara Amin chonyati drwst krdni shirini bame
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Tara Amin
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
shirini nargili شیرینی نارگیلی پفکی
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Khosh Mazeh
Bibi Shirini On Rabab Mangi Pashto Song 2015 Must Watch
Bibi Shirini On Rabab Mangi Pashto Song 2015 Must Watch
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Rabab Music
Bibi Shirini- Pashto Afganistan Song
Bibi Shirini- Pashto Afganistan Song
Published: 2010/02/27
Channel: freesangeet
شیرینی زبان - روش آسان آماده کردن شیرینی زبان | Shirini Zaban
شیرینی زبان - روش آسان آماده کردن شیرینی زبان | Shirini Zaban
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: SpringSalad - خوش خوراک
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Shirini, which literally means “sweets” in Persian language ("shirin" = sweet) and its Dari variant spoken in Afghanistan, is the euphemism commonly used for bribes.

In Afghanistan under the Karzai administration, the rampant culture of corruption and especially graft from low-level police officers, who receive low salaries and are said to take bribes to subsist, to the highest level of government officials, became a major source of general discontent and cynicism. Many interactions with authorities require shirini – like getting a new driver's license or paying a water or electricity bill.

This discontent drove a wedge between the government and the Afghan people, who under this administration grew more and more resentful of the established politics. It would turn people toward the fundamentalist Taliban, which were perceived as relatively "clean".[citation needed]

By the western donors of Afghanistan and also by Afghan politicians, taming corruption is seen as crucial to the future of the country;[1][2] all candidates in the presidential elections in 2009 pledged to fight it.

According to a survey by Integrity Watch Afghanistan in 2007, the average Afghan household had to pay round about $100 yearly in petty bribes, while 70 percent of the families in the poverty-stricken country survive on less than $1 a day.[3][4]

The report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) titled Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims,[5][6] published in January 2010, calculated that Afghans had paid a staggering $1.2 billion bribes over a 12-month period ending Autumn 2009 – roughly equal to one quarter of the national GDP.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooper, Helene (2 November 2009). "Obama Warns Karzai to Focus on Tackling Corruption". The New York Times. Afghanistan. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "British FM says aid to Afghanistan conditional". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 January 2012. [dead link]
  3. ^ Caro, Mark. "Pervasive corruption fuels deep anger in Afghanistan – Many long for harsh but clean rule of Taliban". Archives.chicagotribune.com. Archived from the original on 19 October 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Barker, Kim (30 November 2009). "Letter from Kabul: solving Afghanistan's problems". Foreignaffairs.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Microsoft Word - Corruption report Afghanistan 15Jan10.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "''Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by Victims''". Scribd.com. 20 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ """Drain the Swamp of Corruption in Afghanistan," Says UNODC"". Unodc.org. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Corruption in Afghanistan -UN Report Claims Bribes Equal to Quarter of GDP". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Afghanistan seeks new ideas against corruption"[dead link]
  11. ^ Rodriguez, Alex (20 January 2010). "Corruption robs Afghans of a quarter of nation's GDP, report says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Corruption Accounts For One Quarter GDP In Afghanistan"

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