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Shiv Sanhita
Shiv Sanhita
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Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 01
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 01
Published: 2017/02/08
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Understanding Hatha Yoga - Gheranda Samhita Reading
Understanding Hatha Yoga - Gheranda Samhita Reading
Published: 2016/02/21
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Shiva Samhita
Shiva Samhita
Published: 2016/09/25
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Book review: The Shiva Samhita
Book review: The Shiva Samhita
Published: 2017/05/31
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"Yoga Asanas, their numbers, nature and classification" by Dr Ananda
"Yoga Asanas, their numbers, nature and classification" by Dr Ananda
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: CYTER of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth
The 12 energy flows (Dwadasha Vayu) explained by Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani
The 12 energy flows (Dwadasha Vayu) explained by Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani
Published: 2014/11/04
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भारत की 10 सबसे रहस्यमयी किताबें | Mystery Books India
भारत की 10 सबसे रहस्यमयी किताबें | Mystery Books India
Published: 2017/02/21
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Rajadi Raja Yoga - Shiva Samhita
Rajadi Raja Yoga - Shiva Samhita
Published: 2016/02/07
Channel: Vasudeva Kriya Yoga With Rajendra
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 05
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 05
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: ChinfoChannel
Shiva Gita Hindi Audio Book
Shiva Gita Hindi Audio Book
Published: 2013/08/11
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Шива-Самхита (Siva Samhita) (Читает: Марина Амариллис)
Шива-Самхита (Siva Samhita) (Читает: Марина Амариллис)
Published: 2017/07/21
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Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 02
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 02
Published: 2017/02/10
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Free The Shiva Samhita
Free The Shiva Samhita
Published: 2015/11/27
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Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 07
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 07
Published: 2017/02/26
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Shiva Samhita - Hauptwerk des Hatha Yoga – Hatha Yoga Wörterbuch
Shiva Samhita - Hauptwerk des Hatha Yoga – Hatha Yoga Wörterbuch
Published: 2014/12/26
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Get The Shiva Samhita
Get The Shiva Samhita
Published: 2015/11/25
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Samhita Vellala in NY City; Samba Shiva; India Center NYC
Samhita Vellala in NY City; Samba Shiva; India Center NYC
Published: 2013/05/04
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Gheranda Samhita Sanskritlexikon
Gheranda Samhita Sanskritlexikon
Published: 2014/05/30
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Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 09
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 09
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: ChinfoChannel
रावण ने बताए हैं धन मिलने के अचूक टोटके | ravan samhita totke in hindi
रावण ने बताए हैं धन मिलने के अचूक टोटके | ravan samhita totke in hindi
Published: 2016/11/09
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Gherand Sanhita
Gherand Sanhita
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Cec Ugc
Shiv Mahapuran: about killing animals is a sin, Source SHIV MAHAPURAN
Shiv Mahapuran: about killing animals is a sin, Source SHIV MAHAPURAN
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: YouAreThat!
gherand samhita part 1
gherand samhita part 1
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Vedanta Vijay
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 08
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 08
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: ChinfoChannel
IHF 2017 - Rudra Samhita: Shiva-Sati
IHF 2017 - Rudra Samhita: Shiva-Sati
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Sanatan Vidyalay
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 12
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 12
Published: 2017/03/15
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Gheranda Samhita 17 March 2013
Gheranda Samhita 17 March 2013
Published: 2013/03/18
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ENTENDIENDO A  SHIVA
ENTENDIENDO A SHIVA
Published: 2011/05/29
Channel: Pablo Veloso
BRAHMA SAMHITA CASTELLANO SÁMSKRITO
BRAHMA SAMHITA CASTELLANO SÁMSKRITO
Published: 2015/02/12
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Complete Rudri Path with Lyrics | Vedic Chanting by 21 Brahmins
Complete Rudri Path with Lyrics | Vedic Chanting by 21 Brahmins
Published: 2017/02/08
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Shiva Parivaram (Part 1 of 2) Pravachanam By Sri Chaganti Koteswara Rao Gaaru
Shiva Parivaram (Part 1 of 2) Pravachanam By Sri Chaganti Koteswara Rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Paschimottanasana | पश्चिमोत्तानासन | Yoga For Menstrual Disorders in Hindi
Paschimottanasana | पश्चिमोत्तानासन | Yoga For Menstrual Disorders in Hindi
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Learn Yoga - Hindi
Rajyog  - The Holy Science of Supreme Father GOD Shiva (Hindi)
Rajyog - The Holy Science of Supreme Father GOD Shiva (Hindi)
Published: 2015/06/12
Channel: Alchemy of GOD
Siva Samhita  Traité classique de hatha yoga de Jean Papin
Siva Samhita Traité classique de hatha yoga de Jean Papin
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Reault AA
Om Namah Shivaya *Shiva Wins Parvati*Part 3
Om Namah Shivaya *Shiva Wins Parvati*Part 3
Published: 2015/05/15
Channel: ॐSanatanDharmaॐ
Nithya Kriyas for Diseases and Disorders
Nithya Kriyas for Diseases and Disorders
Published: 2012/09/02
Channel: Nithyananda
SHIVA, el dios hindú destructor
SHIVA, el dios hindú destructor
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: INFINITY TV
Shiva Mahimalu (Part 1 of 2) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Mahimalu (Part 1 of 2) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Shiva Mahimalu (Part 2 of 2) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Mahimalu (Part 2 of 2) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Ravan Stuti | रावण स्तुति | Lord Shiva | Shankar Mahadevan | Devotional
Ravan Stuti | रावण स्तुति | Lord Shiva | Shankar Mahadevan | Devotional
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Channel: Times Music Spiritual
Siva Siva mahadeva by phani samhitha
Siva Siva mahadeva by phani samhitha
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: anupallavi kanakagiri
Shiva Puranam (Part-33 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Puranam (Part-33 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/18
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Shiva Puranam (Part-9 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Puranam (Part-9 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 13
Sivasamhita by Dr. B. R. Sharma Session 13
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: ChinfoChannel
Yoga - saluto alla luna
Yoga - saluto alla luna
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Byoga Byou
Shiva Puranam (Part-35 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Puranam (Part-35 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Shiva Puranam (Part-19 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Puranam (Part-19 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Shiva Puranam (Part-1 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Puranam (Part-1 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
Shiva Puranam (Part-36 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Shiva Puranam (Part-36 of 36) Pravachanam By Chaganti Koteswar rao Gaaru
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Shiva Samhita (IAST: śivasaṁhitā, also Siva Samhitā, meaning "Shiva's Compendium") is a Sanskrit text on yoga, written by an unknown author. The text is addressed by the Hindu god Shiva to his consort Parvati. The text consists of five chapters, with the first chapter a treatise that summarizes nondual Vedanta (Advaita Vedanta) philosophy with influences from the Sri Vidya school of South India.[1][2] The remaining chapters discuss yoga, the importance of a guru (teacher) to a student, various asanas, mudras and siddhis (powers) attainable with yoga and tantra.[1]

The Shiva Samhita is one of three major surviving classical treatises on hatha yoga, the other two being Gheranda Samhita and Hatha Yoga Pradipika. It is considered the most comprehensive treatise on hatha yoga, one that recommends that all householders practice and benefit from yoga.[3] Over a dozen variant manuscripts of the text are known, and a critical edition of the text was published in 1999 by Kaivalya Dham Yoga Research Institute.[4]

Date and location[edit]

Shiva Samhita has been dated by some scholars to be a 17th century text,[5][6] while others such as James Mallinson – a scholar of Sanskrit and Oriental Studies known for his Hatha Yoga publications, dates the text to be pre-1500 CE, probably between 1300 and 1500 CE.[7] Based on statements contained within the text, Mallinson also believes that the Shiva Samhita was composed in or around Varanasi.[8]

Content[edit]

Atman

The gods and everything else in the entire universe
are totally pervaded by the self (atman).
It is one,
it is truth, consciousness and bliss (satcitananda),
and it is whole and free of duality.

Siva Samhita, 1.53
Translator: James Mallinson[9]

Shiva Samhita declares itself to be a yoga text, but also refers to itself as a tantra in its five chapters.[8] The first chapter starts with the statement, states Mallinson, that "there is one eternal true knowledge", then discusses various doctrines of self liberation (moksha) followed by asserting that Yoga is the highest path. The opening chapter largely presents the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, but in the Sri Vidya tantra format and style.[1][10]

The second chapter describes how the external observable macro-phenomenon are internalized and have equivalents within one's body, how the outside world is within in the form of nadis (rivers, channels), fire, jiva and others.[1] The third chapter explains the importance of a guru (teacher, advisor), its various physiological theories including five elements that constitute the body, stages of yoga practice and a theory asanas (postures).[1]

Microcosm

In this body, the mount Meru – i.e., the vertebral column –
is surrounded by seven islands;
there are rivers, seas, mountains, fields;
and lords of the fields too.

Siva Samhita, 2.1
Translator: Rai Vasu[11][12]

The fourth chapter presents mudras and states that yoga practice can lead to special siddhis (powers) and awakening of the kundalini (inner dormant energy). The fifth chapter is the longest of five chapters in the text. It discusses what prevents an individual's self-liberation, types of students, inner energies and sounds, a theory and description of chakras and mantras.[1][13]

The Shiva Samhita talks about the complex physiology, names 84 different asanas (only four of which are described in detail), describes five specific types of prana, and provides techniques to regulate them.[3] It also deals with abstract yogic philosophy, mudras, tantric practices, and meditation.[14] The text states that a householder can practice yoga and benefit from it.[3]

The Shiva Samhita is a yoga text. Included in it are asanas, such as Paschimottanasana (above).[15]

Translations[edit]

Many English translations of Shiva Samhita have been made. The earliest known English translation is by Shri Chandra Vasu (1884, Lahore) in the series known as "The Sacred Books of the Hindus" The translation by Rai Bahadur and Srisa Chandra Vasu in 1914, also in the series known as "The Sacred Books of the Hindus", was the first translation to find a global audience. However, it omits certain sections (such as vajroli mudra) and is considered inaccurate by some.[8] In 2007, James Mallinson made a new translation to address these issues. The new translation is based on the only available critical edition of the text — the one publIshed in 1999 by the Kaivalya Dham Yoga Research Institute.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f James Mallinson (2007). The Shiva Samhita: A Critical Edition. Yoga Vidya. pp. ix–x. ISBN 978-0-9716466-5-0. 
  2. ^ Ellen Goldberg (2002). The Lord Who Is Half Woman: Ardhanarisvara in Indian and Feminist Perspective. State University of New York Press. pp. 57–59. ISBN 978-0-7914-5326-1. 
  3. ^ a b c Linda Sparrowe. "The History of Yoga". Yoga Journal. Archived from the original on 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  4. ^ James Mallinson (2007). The Shiva Samhita: A Critical Edition. Yoga Vidya. p. xi. ISBN 978-0-9716466-5-0. 
  5. ^ Kurt Keutzer. "Kundalini Bibliography". Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  6. ^ "Hindu Timeline #4". Himalayan Academy. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  7. ^ James Mallinson (2007). The Shiva Samhita: A Critical Edition. Yoga Vidya. p. x. ISBN 978-0-9716466-5-0. 
  8. ^ a b c "The Shiva Samhita, translated by James Mallinson" (PDF). Yoga Vidya. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  9. ^ James Mallinson (2007). The Shiva Samhita: A Critical Edition. Yoga Vidya. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-0-9716466-5-0. 
  10. ^ Mikel Burley (2000). Haṭha-Yoga: Its Context, Theory, and Practice. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 59. ISBN 978-81-208-1706-7. 
  11. ^ Rai Bahadur Srisa Chandra Vasu (1915). The Shiva Samhita. p. 8. 
  12. ^ James Mallinson (2007). The Shiva Samhita: A Critical Edition. Yoga Vidya. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-0-9716466-5-0. 
  13. ^ Mikel Burley (2000). Haṭha-Yoga: Its Context, Theory, and Practice. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 9–10, 59, 73–74, 145–152. ISBN 978-81-208-1706-7. 
  14. ^ "Shiva Samhita". Satyananda Yoga Center, Kathmandu. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  15. ^ James Mallinson (2007). The Shiva Samhita: A Critical Edition. Yoga Vidya. pp. 64–71. ISBN 978-0-9716466-5-0. 

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