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Slipknot - (Sic) (Audio)
Slipknot - (Sic) (Audio)
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: Slipknot
Slipknot - (sic)      lyrics
Slipknot - (sic) lyrics
Published: 2010/05/05
Channel: MetalFreekoid
Slipknot - (Sic) [Live At Download Festival 2009] [(Sic)nesses DVD] [HD]
Slipknot - (Sic) [Live At Download Festival 2009] [(Sic)nesses DVD] [HD]
Published: 2012/05/19
Channel: FraterAzmonHD
[sic]
[sic]
Published: 2014/11/09
Channel: Slipknot - Topic
Joey Jordison & Fans - SIC [Slipknot Acoustic]
Joey Jordison & Fans - SIC [Slipknot Acoustic]
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: MG. ИЛЮХА
Slipknot - (Sic) - Live @ Gods of Metal 1999
Slipknot - (Sic) - Live @ Gods of Metal 1999
Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: João Francisco
25 anos de SIC contados por César Mourão
25 anos de SIC contados por César Mourão
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Hugo Alves
SLIPKNOT - (sic) - Drum Cover
SLIPKNOT - (sic) - Drum Cover
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: Josh Steffen
Slipknot LIVE (Sic) Montreal, Canada 2016
Slipknot LIVE (Sic) Montreal, Canada 2016
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Bahomar
Slipknot - Sic (Live @ Dynamo 2000) DvD Rip/HQ
Slipknot - Sic (Live @ Dynamo 2000) DvD Rip/HQ
Published: 2010/07/30
Channel: epic-1nc
Broilers - Countdown to (sic!)
Broilers - Countdown to (sic!)
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Broilers
Slipknot-[Sic] Live-HD
Slipknot-[Sic] Live-HD
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: SlipknotLife
Sic | Bad & Boojue Freestyle | Shot by @LeekedFilmz #BornLegends
Sic | Bad & Boojue Freestyle | Shot by @LeekedFilmz #BornLegends
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: BornLegends
SiC INSANE CRIMINALS LONG LASTING
SiC INSANE CRIMINALS LONG LASTING
Published: 2009/12/17
Channel: Accessories04
Luciana Abreu  - Sunshine: 25 anos SIC (06/10/2017)
Luciana Abreu - Sunshine: 25 anos SIC (06/10/2017)
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: lucianaabreuorg
Amor Maior (SIC) - trailer
Amor Maior (SIC) - trailer
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Hugo M Alves
Sic | Hope | Dir. by @LeekedFilmz
Sic | Hope | Dir. by @LeekedFilmz
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Leeked Filmz
Slipknot (sic) Live At Belfort
Slipknot (sic) Live At Belfort
Published: 2006/07/08
Channel: murderdoll197666
Slipknot - (sic) Live at Ozzfest 1999 (HD)
Slipknot - (sic) Live at Ozzfest 1999 (HD)
Published: 2012/11/03
Channel: gabrielmagg0t
S-I-C/SIC - Rogish To Riches
S-I-C/SIC - Rogish To Riches
Published: 2009/04/07
Channel: mintunderground
Sic | Doo Wop | Dir. by @LeekedFilmz #BornLegends
Sic | Doo Wop | Dir. by @LeekedFilmz #BornLegends
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: BornLegends
Hey - sic
Hey - sic
Published: 2008/11/24
Channel: AniaWNM
Hino dos 25 Anos da SIC no Casino de Tróia
Hino dos 25 Anos da SIC no Casino de Tróia
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: Casino Troia
S.I.C. Kamen Rider Gaim JIMBER LEMON ARMS: EmGo
S.I.C. Kamen Rider Gaim JIMBER LEMON ARMS: EmGo's Kamen Rider Reviews N' Stuff
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: emgo316
Slipknot - (Sic) Live In Detroit 2015
Slipknot - (Sic) Live In Detroit 2015
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: SlipknotFCOriginal
Slipknot - (sic) Live 1999
Slipknot - (sic) Live 1999
Published: 2009/10/11
Channel: Wylde Kyle
Dimmi di Sic in Ricordo di Marco Simoncelli parte 1
Dimmi di Sic in Ricordo di Marco Simoncelli parte 1
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: Gabriele Campini
Slipknot- (Sic) [Vocal Cover]
Slipknot- (Sic) [Vocal Cover]
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: mike bliss
Viagem ao Submundo da Criminalidade Francesa - Toda A Verdade [Sic-Noticias]
Viagem ao Submundo da Criminalidade Francesa - Toda A Verdade [Sic-Noticias]
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: m244986
Hey - [sic!] - MTV Unplugged 2007 HD
Hey - [sic!] - MTV Unplugged 2007 HD
Published: 2010/01/28
Channel: ramzelsworld
⛔️ Entrevista a SARA SAMPAIO # 09-11-2017 # JORNAL DA NOITE SIC (MixYouTube) ⛔️
⛔️ Entrevista a SARA SAMPAIO # 09-11-2017 # JORNAL DA NOITE SIC (MixYouTube) ⛔️
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: MixYouTube - Portugal
Slipknot - (Sic) (Drum Cover)
Slipknot - (Sic) (Drum Cover)
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Alexander P
Abertura mítica Primeiro Jornal SIC: Entrada épica de Bento Rodrigues em Coimbra!
Abertura mítica Primeiro Jornal SIC: Entrada épica de Bento Rodrigues em Coimbra!
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: Viral Varieties
Tutorial: Sistema SIC (Sistema Integrado Comercial)
Tutorial: Sistema SIC (Sistema Integrado Comercial)
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Ginga Videoaulas
Jay Weinberg - (Sic) (Drum Cam) 2016
Jay Weinberg - (Sic) (Drum Cam) 2016
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: SlipknotFCOriginal
甲冑ディスプレイも可能!SIC 仮面ライダー鎧武 オレンジアームズ レビュー!武器はナギナタモードにも合体 アームズチェンジにも対応!?鎧武/ガイム
甲冑ディスプレイも可能!SIC 仮面ライダー鎧武 オレンジアームズ レビュー!武器はナギナタモードにも合体 アームズチェンジにも対応!?鎧武/ガイム
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: レオンチャンネル
25 ANOS SIC - 10 PROGRAMAS MÍTICOS I QUERO LÁ SABER #12
25 ANOS SIC - 10 PROGRAMAS MÍTICOS I QUERO LÁ SABER #12
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Diogo Bataguas
Mariana Ximenes no Queridas Manhãs (SIC - Portugal)
Mariana Ximenes no Queridas Manhãs (SIC - Portugal)
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Mari Xi Vídeos
【S.I.C】仮面ライダーオーズ「ラトラーターコンボ」を開封!
【S.I.C】仮面ライダーオーズ「ラトラーターコンボ」を開封!
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: 岩下スティーブン
進ノ介がロイミュード化!? SIC 仮面ライダードライブ タイプスピード & マックスフレアにタイヤコウカン レビュー!シフトカー10個・ハンドル剣・ドア銃付属
進ノ介がロイミュード化!? SIC 仮面ライダードライブ タイプスピード & マックスフレアにタイヤコウカン レビュー!シフトカー10個・ハンドル剣・ドア銃付属
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: レオンチャンネル
【SIC】スタイリッシュバナナ!「仮面ライダーバロン バナナアームズ」を開封!
【SIC】スタイリッシュバナナ!「仮面ライダーバロン バナナアームズ」を開封!
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: 岩下スティーブン
Il meglio di Sic!
Il meglio di Sic!
Published: 2011/10/24
Channel: Alessandro Wagner
Hino Aniversário 22 anos SIC
Hino Aniversário 22 anos SIC
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: Hugo M Alves
Slipknot - SIC (guitar cover)
Slipknot - SIC (guitar cover)
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: Anton Khoff
Papà Simoncelli racconta il Sic: “Rimpianti zero, solo rabbia”
Papà Simoncelli racconta il Sic: “Rimpianti zero, solo rabbia”
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Fanpage.it
SIC บทที่ 9 ตอน 1_3
SIC บทที่ 9 ตอน 1_3
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: alongkorn _s
6 anni senza Marco Simoncelli. Ci manchi Sic
6 anni senza Marco Simoncelli. Ci manchi Sic
Published: 2017/10/23
Channel: Fanpage.it
SIC - Kamen Rider Agito | SIC อากิโตะ 4 ร่างในกล่องเดียว!
SIC - Kamen Rider Agito | SIC อากิโตะ 4 ร่างในกล่องเดียว!
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Henshin X
これこそ超合金!SIC 仮面ライダーキバ キバフォーム レビュー!初回限定ダイキャストキバットや紅音也のバイオリン(ブラッディローズ)が付属
これこそ超合金!SIC 仮面ライダーキバ キバフォーム レビュー!初回限定ダイキャストキバットや紅音也のバイオリン(ブラッディローズ)が付属
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: レオンチャンネル
S.I.C. ゆっくり紹介 仮面ライダー龍騎編
S.I.C. ゆっくり紹介 仮面ライダー龍騎編
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: 飛蝗の咢コウ
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Latin adverb sic ("thus", "just as"; in full: sic erat scriptum, "thus was it written")[1] inserted after a quoted word or passage indicates that the quoted matter has been transcribed exactly as found in the source text, complete with any erroneous or archaic spelling, surprising assertion, faulty reasoning, or other matter that might otherwise be taken as an error of transcription.

The usual usage is to inform the reader that any errors or apparent errors in quoted material do not arise from errors in the course of the transcription, but are intentionally reproduced, exactly as they appear in the source text. It is generally placed inside square brackets to indicate that it is not part of the quoted matter.

Sic may also be used derisively by the proofreader, to call attention to the original writer's spelling mistakes or erroneous logic, or to show general disapproval or dislike of the material.[2]

Etymology and historical usage[edit]

Though occasionally misidentified as an abbreviated word, sic is a Latin adverb used in English as an adverb, and, derivatively, as a noun and a verb.[3]

The adverb sic, meaning "intentionally so written", first appeared in English circa 1856.[4] It is derived from the Latin adverb sīc, which means "so, thus, in this manner".[5]

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the verbal form of sic, meaning "to mark with a sic", emerged in 1889, E. Belfort Bax's work in The Ethics of Socialism being an early example.[6]

False etymologies[edit]

On occasion, sic has been misidentified as an acronym (and therefore sometimes misspelled with periods): "s.i.c." is said to stand for "spelled in context", "said in copy", "spelling is correct", "spelled incorrectly", and other such folk etymology phrases.[7] These are all incorrect and are simply backronyms from sic.

Modern usage[edit]

Use of sic greatly increased in the mid-twentieth century.[8] For example, in United States state-court opinions before 1944, sic appeared 1,239 times in the Westlaw database; in those from 1945 to 1990, it appeared 69,168 times.[2] The "benighted use" as a form of ridicule, deserved or otherwise, has been cited as a major factor in this increase.[2]

The "immoderate" use of sic has created some controversy, leading some editors, including bibliographical scholar Simon Nowell-Smith and literary critic Leon Edel, to speak out against it.[9]

Conventional usage[edit]

Sic, in its bracketed form, is most often inserted into quoted or reprinted material to indicate meticulous accuracy in reproducing the preceding text, despite appearances to the reader of an incorrect or unusual orthography (spelling, punctuation, grammar, syntax, fact, logic, etc.).[2][10] Several usage guides recommend that a bracketed sic be used primarily as an aid to the reader, and not as an indicator of disagreement with the source.[2][11]

To denote archaisms and dialect[edit]

A sic may show that an uncommon or archaic expression is reported faithfully,[12] such as when quoting the U.S. Constitution: "The House of Representatives shall chuse [sic] their Speaker ..." Several writing guidebooks discourage its use with regard to dialect, such as in cases of American and British English spelling differences.[8][11][13] The appearance of a bracketed sic after the word analyse on a book cover led Bryan A. Garner to comment, "... all the quoter (or overzealous editor) demonstrated was ignorance of British usage".[2]

Wordplay[edit]

Various wordplay employing the word sic is possible, arising either from its secondary meaning, "to attack", or from its homophone sick. For example, "Poor grammar makes me [sic]" has been featured on garments and postcards.[14][15]

In a different vein, a letter to the American Journal of Roentgenology suggested that the overuse of sic as a kind of linguistic discrimination against non-native writers of English "could lead readers to become 'sick of your sic'".[16]

Form of ridicule[edit]

The use of sic can be seen as an appeal to ridicule, whether intentional or not, because it highlights perceived irregularities. The application of sic with intent to disparage has been called the "benighted use" because it reflects a "false sense of superiority" in its users.[2] The following example from The Times of London demonstrates how the interpolation of sic can discredit a quoted statement.[improper synthesis?]

Warehouse has been around for 30 years and has 263 stores, suggesting a large fan base. The chain sums up its appeal thus: "styley [sic], confident, sexy, glamorous, edgy, clean and individual, with it's [sic] finger on the fashion pulse."[17]

"Ironic use" of sic[edit]

Occasionally a writer places [sic] after his or her own words, to indicate that the language has been chosen deliberately for special effect, especially where the writer's ironic meaning may otherwise be unclear.[18] Bryan A. Garner dubbed this use of sic "ironic", providing the following example from Fred Rodell's 1955 book Nine Men:[2]

[I]n 1951, it was the blessing bestowed on Judge Harold Medina's prosecution [sic] of the eleven so-called 'top native Communists,' which blessing meant giving the Smith Act the judicial nod of constitutionality.

Formatting[edit]

Where sic follows the quotation, it takes brackets: [sic].[19] The word sic is usually treated as a loanword that does not require italics, and the style manuals of New Zealand, Australian and British media outlets generally do not require italicisation.[11] However, italicization is common in the United States, where authorities including APA Style insist upon it.[20]

Because sic is not an abbreviation, placing a full stop/period inside the brackets after the word sic is erroneous,[21][22] although at least one style guide suggests styling it as a parenthetical sentence only when used after a complete sentence, like so: (Sic).[19] It is occasionally followed by an exclamation mark, perhaps more indicative of derision.

Criticism[edit]

Use of sic has been noted for its potential to bring about linguistic discrimination. A letter written to the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) has been cited in the journal's French counterpart, the Journal de Radiologie, highlighting how apparent prejudices among English-language journals may be causing a higher rejection rate of scholarly papers from francophone authors[23] – a concern because English is the lingua franca for medicine.[16] In the letter, the AJR was criticized for its frequent insertion of sic when publishing letters written by French and Japanese authors even though its correspondence acceptance policy reserved the right of copy-editing, which could therefore have been used beneficially to correct minor English language errors made by non English-speakers. In response, Lee F. Rogers, the Editor in Chief of AJR, apologized for the possible discriminatory interpretation and offered the following explanation for its decision to insert sic on multiple occasions rather than to copy-edit:[16]

It is true that our manuscript editors normally remedy errors in the use of the English language to ensure reader understanding and to avoid embarrassing our non–English-speaking authors. However, because of the seriousness of the allegations addressed, we believed that verbatim quotes were necessary. Under such circumstances, we did not think it correct for us to assume the meaning of misspelled words or the intent of the author of the letter in question.

Alternatives[edit]

Replacement[edit]

Some guides, including The Chicago Manual of Style, recommend "quiet copy-editing" (unless where inappropriate or uncertain) instead of inserting a bracketed sic, such as by substituting in brackets the correct word in place of the incorrect word or by simply replacing an incorrect spelling with the correct one.[2][24]

Recte[edit]

Alternatively, to show both the original and the suggested correction (as they often are in palaeography), one may give the actual form, followed by sic in brackets, followed by the corrected form, preceded by recte, in brackets. The Latin adverb recte means rightly.[25]

An Iraqi battalion has consumed [sic] [recte assumed] control of the former American military base, and our forces are now about 40 minutes outside the city.

According to the Journal of Seventeenth-Century Music Style Sheet, there should be no punctuation, for example no colon, before the corrected word when using recte.[26] Sometimes only sic and the correction are in brackets, becoming as in the last example "[sic assumed]" (i.e. recte is omitted).[27]

Read[edit]

A third alternative is to follow an error with sic, a comma or colon, "read", and the correct reading, all within square brackets, as in the following example:

'Plan of space alongside Evinghews [sic: read Evening News] Printing Works and overlooked by St. Giles House University Hall'[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Footnotes, 1, in opinion of November 15, 2012 in U.S. v. Bryant, Case No. 11-CR-20034. (Federal judge noted using variant spelling of Bryant's given name, "'sic erat scriptum'" in court document.)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Garner, Bryan A. (2001). "sic". A dictionary of modern legal usage (2nd ed.). USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 806–807. ISBN 978-0-19-514236-5. 
  3. ^ "sic, adv. (and n.)" Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition 1989. Oxford University Press
  4. ^ 3sic. Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary. Merriam-Webster, 2003. ISBN 0-87779-809-5, ISBN 978-0-87779-809-5. (p.1156)
  5. ^ Cassell's Latin Dictionary
  6. ^ "sic, adv. (and n.)" Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition 1989. Oxford University Press; see also E. Belfort Bax. "On Some Forms of Modern Cant". Commonweal: 7 May 1887. Marxists' Internet Archive: 14 Jan. 2006
  7. ^ e.g. "Thefreedictionary.com". Retrieved 2014-04-10. 
  8. ^ a b Bryan A. Garner. The Oxford dictionary of American usage and style. Oxford University Press US, 2000. ISBN 0-19-513508-3, ISBN 978-0-19-513508-4
  9. ^ Leon Edel's "Introduction" to Henry James Letters (Volume 1, 1843 – 1875). Harvard University Press, 1974. ISBN 0-674-38780-5, ISBN 978-0-674-38780-5
  10. ^ "Grammar and Style." USD History Guide for Writing Research Papers. Department of History, University of South Dakota. 6/12/2009
  11. ^ a b c William Coyle and Joe Law (2009). Research Papers. Cengage Learning. p. 72. ISBN 0-547-19081-6. 
  12. ^ Carillo, Jose A. (March 6, 2010). "The role of the bracketed 'sic' in English prose". The Manila Times. 
  13. ^ Remero, Donald (May 9, 2010). "Quoting British / American English". ieosetta.com. 
  14. ^ "Poor Grammar Makes Me Sic Sweatshirts & Hoodies". CafePress. Accessed: October 1, 2010.
  15. ^ "Somewhat Topical Ecards". someecards.com. Retrieved October 1, 2010. 
  16. ^ a b c Arrivé, Lionel (2001). "Try Writing It in French or in Japanese". American Journal of Roentgenology. 176 (2): 548. doi:10.2214/ajr.176.2.1760548. PMID 11159116. 
  17. ^ Ashworth, Anne (2006-06-21). "Chain reaction: Warehouse". The Times. Archived from the original on September 29, 2006. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  18. ^ H. W. Fowler (2001) A Dictionary of Modern English Usage. Oxford : Oxford University Press, p. 807. ISBN 978-0-19-953534-7
  19. ^ a b Jessen, Edward W. (2000). California Manual of Style: A Handbook of Legal Style for California Courts and Lawyers (4th edition) (PDF). pp. 132–133. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  20. ^ "Parentheses, Ellipses, and Brackets" (PDF). Writing Center. Johnson County Community College. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  21. ^ Quotations. The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Accessed: October 2, 2010
  22. ^ Wilson, Kenneth G. (1993). "sic (adv.)". The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. Columbia University Press. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  23. ^ Arrivé, L; Dono, P; Lewin, M; Dahan, H; Monnier-Cholley, L; Tubiana, JM (December 2001). "Taux de publication des travaux originaux présentés oralement lors des journées françaises de radiologie 1996" [Publication rate of papers originally presented at the national french congress of radiology in 1996]. Journal de Radiologie (in French). 82 (12): 1719–22. PMID 11917637. 
  24. ^ "Quotations". The Chicago Manual of Style Online. Accessed: January 14, 2012
  25. ^ Janet Fairweather. Liber Eliensis. Boydell Press, 2005. ISBN 1-84383-015-9, ISBN 978-1-84383-015-3. (p. xxix)
  26. ^ Bruce Gustafson. JSCM Style Sheet. Journal of Seventeenth-Century Music, 2 January 2010.
  27. ^ Larry D. Christiansen. "Introduction" (Guidelines)
  28. ^ "Item 26 - 'Plan of space alongside Evinghews [sic: read Evening News] Printing Works and overlooked by St. Giles House University Hall', [Edinburgh]". University of Strathclyde Archives. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 

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