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Fredrik Halland Being A Session Musician
Fredrik Halland Being A Session Musician
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Musicians Institute
Overdub: A story of session musicians
Overdub: A story of session musicians
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Jeanette Castillo
Studio Musician
Studio Musician's Handbook-Look Inside a Session.mov
Published: 2011/11/04
Channel: MusicProGuides
how to become a studio musician - skip saylor (Part 1) Level:Beginner
how to become a studio musician - skip saylor (Part 1) Level:Beginner
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: TheBestGuitarPlayer
Jimmy Page talks about being a session musician
Jimmy Page talks about being a session musician
Published: 2014/10/19
Channel: Absolute Radio
HOW TO BECOME A SESSION MUSICIAN? - GUITARISTS, BASSIST, DRUMMER AND SINGER ADVICE #3
HOW TO BECOME A SESSION MUSICIAN? - GUITARISTS, BASSIST, DRUMMER AND SINGER ADVICE #3
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: Damian Keyes
How to Find Work as a Session Musician
How to Find Work as a Session Musician
Published: 2010/03/12
Channel: ArtistsHouseMusic
Ep. 20  - Tim Pierce on Tone Talk - Top Session Musician - Real Amps or Modelers?
Ep. 20 - Tim Pierce on Tone Talk - Top Session Musician - Real Amps or Modelers?
Published: 2018/02/24
Channel: Tone-Talk
Paul Leim: Nashville Recording Session
Paul Leim: Nashville Recording Session
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: Vic Firth
Session Guitarist - Tim Pierce - Guitar Lesson - Creating Professional Sounding Guitar Parts
Session Guitarist - Tim Pierce - Guitar Lesson - Creating Professional Sounding Guitar Parts
Published: 2014/01/16
Channel: papastache102
Session Men: Glen Campbell | Wrecking Crew 2 (Director Gil Baker)
Session Men: Glen Campbell | Wrecking Crew 2 (Director Gil Baker)
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: The Production Company USA
Glen Parish   Session Guitarist  playing a 62 Fender Strat
Glen Parish Session Guitarist playing a 62 Fender Strat
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Glen Parish
Johnny Hiland (Guitar) - A-list Nashville Session Musician
Johnny Hiland (Guitar) - A-list Nashville Session Musician
Published: 2009/02/20
Channel: Musicians Institute
How to become a session musician
How to become a session musician
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Elliotts Music School
Dan Needham On A Day in the Life of a Nashville Session Musician
Dan Needham On A Day in the Life of a Nashville Session Musician
Published: 2011/06/23
Channel: ArtistsHouseMusic
MUSICIANS - HOW TO BE A STUDIO SESSION MUSICIAN #41
MUSICIANS - HOW TO BE A STUDIO SESSION MUSICIAN #41
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: Damian Keyes
Session Musician Masterclass with One Direction bassist Sandy Beales
Session Musician Masterclass with One Direction bassist Sandy Beales
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: ACM, Academy of Contemporary Music
THE WRECKING CREW Documentary on West Coast Sound Studio Musicians
THE WRECKING CREW Documentary on West Coast Sound Studio Musicians
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: TheLipTV
CAROL KAYE The deepest secrets of great musicians
CAROL KAYE The deepest secrets of great musicians
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: BLACKBEAR MUSIC INTERNATIONAL
Tom Strahle talks about being a session guitarist
Tom Strahle talks about being a session guitarist
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: Elixir Strings
The Pitfalls of Being an Online Session Musician
The Pitfalls of Being an Online Session Musician
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Brandon Meeks Music
Glen Campbell Session Player
Glen Campbell Session Player
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: Denny Tedesco
Ask Em! - Session Musician Advice!
Ask Em! - Session Musician Advice!
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: Emily Dolan Davies
session Musician Keith Phillips
session Musician Keith Phillips
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: AllRounder moonfruit
How I Edit Keyboard Sounds For Artists | Session Musician Advice // VLOG[101]
How I Edit Keyboard Sounds For Artists | Session Musician Advice // VLOG[101]
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: George Holliday
Gopro Hero 5 Session why all musicians should have one + $20 alternative - Vlog #140 Apr 18th 2017
Gopro Hero 5 Session why all musicians should have one + $20 alternative - Vlog #140 Apr 18th 2017
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Janek Gwizdala
21st CENTURY SESSION MUSICIAN
21st CENTURY SESSION MUSICIAN
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Dan Forshaw
Music Producer : Becoming a Session Musician
Music Producer : Becoming a Session Musician
Published: 2008/12/03
Channel: expertvillage
Q&A What does it take to be a session musician? - Vlog #203 June 20th 2017
Q&A What does it take to be a session musician? - Vlog #203 June 20th 2017
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Janek Gwizdala
Blair Masters On Being a Session Musician in Nashville
Blair Masters On Being a Session Musician in Nashville
Published: 2011/05/18
Channel: ArtistsHouseMusic
Interview With L.A. Studio Musicians Part 1
Interview With L.A. Studio Musicians Part 1
Published: 2009/08/25
Channel: Bobby Owsinski
The Fall - Session Musician
The Fall - Session Musician
Published: 2011/04/22
Channel: Vereor Nox
Adam Levy On What it Takes To Be an Elite Session Player
Adam Levy On What it Takes To Be an Elite Session Player
Published: 2010/12/07
Channel: ArtistsHouseMusic
How to become a session musician (part 2)
How to become a session musician (part 2)
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: TheBestGuitarPlayer
Glenn Cummings Nashville Studio Session
Glenn Cummings Nashville Studio Session
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Glenn Cummings
Session Men: Nashville
Session Men: Nashville's A Team (Director Gil Baker)
Published: 2014/07/25
Channel: The Production Company USA
Session musician Ash Soan visits BIMM London for Masterclass
Session musician Ash Soan visits BIMM London for Masterclass
Published: 2014/12/04
Channel: BIMM
Dan Needham On What It Takes to Be a Session Musician
Dan Needham On What It Takes to Be a Session Musician
Published: 2011/06/22
Channel: ArtistsHouseMusic
Bass Player and Singer - Session Musician
Bass Player and Singer - Session Musician
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Reggie Hache
Farther up the Road: Dan Baker - multi instrumentalist session musician.
Farther up the Road: Dan Baker - multi instrumentalist session musician.
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: Dan Baker
Larry Knechtel (session musician) interview excerpt
Larry Knechtel (session musician) interview excerpt
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: archivesmp
The History of the Session Musician "Get Me Will Lee"
The History of the Session Musician "Get Me Will Lee"
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: Sandi Bachom
Session Musicians At StudioPros
Session Musicians At StudioPros
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Studio Pros
Joe Osborn (session musician) interview excerpt
Joe Osborn (session musician) interview excerpt
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: archivesmp
Question Time With Mike -  Making a living as a Session Musician, Hitting a wall with your playing
Question Time With Mike - Making a living as a Session Musician, Hitting a wall with your playing
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Mike Bradley
So You Wanna Be A Session Player 2 - Nashville Musicians Association
So You Wanna Be A Session Player 2 - Nashville Musicians Association
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: Music Starts Here
How to Prepare for the Recording Studio : Finding Session Musicians
How to Prepare for the Recording Studio : Finding Session Musicians
Published: 2008/04/30
Channel: expertvillage
How to Make Money as a Musician : Studio & Session Players: Professional Musicians
How to Make Money as a Musician : Studio & Session Players: Professional Musicians
Published: 2008/10/23
Channel: expertvillage
Pro studio musician Doron Zor - Country guitar session for Steve Rivers
Pro studio musician Doron Zor - Country guitar session for Steve Rivers
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: bigbangstudioCA
Elvis Costello interview excerpt on session musicians
Elvis Costello interview excerpt on session musicians
Published: 2012/01/26
Channel: archivesmp
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Session musician Hal Blaine (pictured 2008) is widely regarded as one of the most prolific drummers in rock and roll history, having "certainly played on more hit records than any drummer in the rock era".[1]

Session musicians, studio musicians, or backing musicians are musicians hired to perform in recording sessions or live performances. Session musicians are usually not permanent members of a musical ensemble or band. They work behind the scenes and rarely achieve individual fame in their own right as soloists or bandleaders. However, top session musicians are well-known within the music industry, and some have become publicly recognized, such as the Wrecking Crew and Motown's The Funk Brothers.

Many session musicians specialize in playing common instruments such as guitar, piano, bass, or drums. Others are specialists, and play brass, woodwinds, and strings. Many session musicians play multiple instruments, which lets them play in a wider range of musical situations, genres and styles. Examples of "doubling" include double bass and electric bass; acoustic guitar and mandolin; piano and accordion; and saxophone and other woodwind instruments.

Session musicians are used when musical skills are needed on a short-term basis. Typically session musicians are used by recording studios to provide backing tracks for other musicians for recording sessions and live performances; recording music for advertising, film, television, and theatre. In the 2000s, the terms "session musician" and "studio musician" are synonymous, though in past decades, "studio musician" meant a musician associated with a single record company, recording studio or entertainment agency.

Popular music[edit]

1950s–1960s[edit]

During the 1950s and 1960s, session players were usually active in local recording scenes concentrated in places such as Los Angeles, New York City, Nashville, Memphis, Detroit, and Muscle Shoals.[2][3][4] Each local scene had its circle of "A-list" session musicians, such as The Nashville A-Team that played on numerous country and rock hits of the era, the two groups of musicians in Memphis, both the Memphis Boys and the musicians who backed Stax/Volt recordings, and the Funk Brothers in Detroit, who played on many Motown recordings.[3]

At the time, multi-tracking equipment, though common, was less elaborate, and instrumental backing tracks were often recorded "hot" with an ensemble playing live in the studio.[5] Musicians had to be available "on call" when producers needed a part to fill a last-minute time slot.[6] In the 1960s, Los Angeles was considered the top recording destination in the United States — consequently studios were constantly booked around the clock, and session time was highly sought after and expensive.[7] Songs had to be recorded quickly in the fewest possible takes.[8] In this environment, Los Angeles producers and record executives had little patience for needless expense or wasted time and depended on the service of reliable standby musicians who could be counted on to record in a variety of styles with minimal practice or takes, and deliver hits on short order.[6][9]

1970s–present[edit]

Notable groups[edit]

Studio musicians who recorded during the Nashville sound era. Their contributions began in the 1950s with artists such as Elvis Presley. The original A-Team includes bassist Bob Moore; guitarists Grady Martin, Hank Garland, Ray Edenton, and Harold Bradley; drummer Buddy Harman; pianists Floyd Cramer and Hargus "Pig" Robbins; fiddler Tommy Jackson; steel guitarist Pete Drake; harmonicist Charlie McCoy; saxophonist Boots Randolph; and vocal groups The Jordanaires and The Anita Kerr Singers.
The house band at Stax records in Memphis during the 1960s and 1970s, playing behind Otis Redding, Eddie Floyd, Sam and Dave, Isaac Hayes, The Staple Singers, and others. MGs guitarist Steve Cropper co-wrote many of Redding's hits and the MGs produced albums and hit singles such as "Green Onions" in their own right while being the house band at Stax.
Prolific, established studio musicians based in Los Angeles. They have recorded many songs and albums since the 1960s.
Session musicians who backed many Motown Records recordings from the late 1950s to the early 1970s, as well as a few non-Motown recordings, notably on Jackie Wilson's "(Your Love Keeps Lifting Me) Higher and Higher."
A Los Angeles singer/songwriter scene associated with the Troubadour nightclub and Laurel Canyon in the late 1960s to mid-1970s was supported by musicians Russ Kunkel, Danny Kortchmar, Leland Sklar and Craig Doerge. This session combo, nicknamed "the Section" or "the Mafia", backed many musicians, among others: Carole King, James Taylor, Jackson Browne, Warren Zevon, Kris Kristofferson and David Crosby.
A group comprising Barry Beckett, Roger Hawkins, David Hood, and Jimmy Johnson, also known as the Swampers, became known for the "Muscle Shoals Sound." Many of the recordings done in the Memphis area, which included Muscle Shoals, Alabama, used The Memphis Horns in their arrangements. MFSB was a group of soul music studio musicians based in Philadelphia at the Sigma Sound Studios; they later went on to become a name-brand instrumental group, and their best known hit was "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)," better known as the theme from Soul Train.
  • MFSB (Philadelphia, 1970s)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hal Blaine Biography". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Savona, Anthony (2005). Console Confessions: The Great Music Producers in Their Own Words (First ed.). San Francisico, CA 94107: Backbeat Books. pp. 36–38. ISBN 978-0-87930-860-5. 
  3. ^ a b Source A: "The Nashville "A" Team". Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on January 26, 2016. Retrieved January 20, 2016. Source B:"Motown Sound: Funk Brothers". Motown Museum. Retrieved January 20, 2016. Source C:Brown, Mick (October 25, 2013). "Deep Soul: How Muscle Shoals Became Music's Most Unlikely Hit Factory". The Telegraph. Retrieved January 20, 2016. 
  4. ^ Hartman, Kent (2012). The Wrecking Crew: The Inside Story of Rock and Roll's Best-Kept Secret (1st ed.). Thomas Dunne Books. pp. 2–5, 110, 175–176. ISBN 978-0-312-61974-9. 
  5. ^ "Recording studios – Why Can Recordings Made in the e.g. 1960s Sound Good in 2011?". NAIM. Retrieved January 20, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Andrews, Evan (July 1, 2011). "Top 10 Session Musicians and Studio Bands". Toptenz.net. Retrieved January 21, 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Byrds: Who Played What?". JazzWax. September 4, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2016. 
  8. ^ Farber, Jim (March 9, 2015). "The Wrecking Crew Documentary Profiles the Secret Players Behind Many 1960s and '70s Rock Hits". Daily News. New York. Retrieved January 21, 2016. 
  9. ^ Laurier, Joanne (November 14, 2015). "The Wrecking Crew: The "Secret Star-Making Machine" of 1960s Pop Music". World Socialist Website. Retrieved January 21, 2016. 

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