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Harry Styles - Sign of the Times
Harry Styles - Sign of the Times
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: HarryStylesVEVO
the SIGN: What happens Sept 23rd 2017? (Kim Clement, Revelation 12)
the SIGN: What happens Sept 23rd 2017? (Kim Clement, Revelation 12)
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Trey Smith
Ace of Base - The Sign (Official Music Video)
Ace of Base - The Sign (Official Music Video)
Published: 2010/10/17
Channel: Ace of Base (Official)
Harry Styles - Sign of the Times (Audio)
Harry Styles - Sign of the Times (Audio)
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: HarryStylesVEVO
DEAMN - Sign
DEAMN - Sign
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Magical Music
【NARUTO-ナルト- MAD】 Sign
【NARUTO-ナルト- MAD】 Sign
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: egoist002
Naruto Shippuden - Sign (Opening 6) [English Cover Song] - NateWantsToBattle
Naruto Shippuden - Sign (Opening 6) [English Cover Song] - NateWantsToBattle
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Nathan Sharp - Give Heart Records
[GOT the Stage] Sign
[GOT the Stage] Sign
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: GOT7
Harry Styles - Sign of the Times (Live on The Graham Norton Show)
Harry Styles - Sign of the Times (Live on The Graham Norton Show)
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: HarryStylesVEVO
Tesla - Signs (official music video)
Tesla - Signs (official music video)
Published: 2011/05/25
Channel: FeelGoodIncorparated
Naruto Shippuden OP6 NC
Naruto Shippuden OP6 NC
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Ninja Way
Five Man Electrical Band - Signs (1971)
Five Man Electrical Band - Signs (1971)
Published: 2011/05/19
Channel: thesoftrockcafe
ASL ABC Lesson and Song - Learn Sign Language Alphabet
ASL ABC Lesson and Song - Learn Sign Language Alphabet
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: My Smart Hands
Texas Sheriff Sees F*ck Trump Sign On Mexican
Texas Sheriff Sees F*ck Trump Sign On Mexican's Truck Owner Gets What She Deserves(VIDEO)!!
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: GLOBAL News
Reflections after Mugabe speech with no sign of resignation
Reflections after Mugabe speech with no sign of resignation
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: SABC Digital News
Dragon Ball Super Episode 116 Review The Sign Of A Comeback! Ultra Instinct
Dragon Ball Super Episode 116 Review The Sign Of A Comeback! Ultra Instinct's Huge Explosion!
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: UnrealEntGaming
Berserk - Sign (Full Version)
Berserk - Sign (Full Version)
Published: 2009/02/10
Channel: bisondollars
DEAMN - Sign 1 Hour Extended Version
DEAMN - Sign 1 Hour Extended Version
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: 1HMNC - No Copyright Music
What Does The Sign Say? (GAME)
What Does The Sign Say? (GAME)
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Good Mythical Morning
Harry Styles - Sign Of The Times (At The BBC)
Harry Styles - Sign Of The Times (At The BBC)
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: BBC Music
Mr.Children「Sign」 TOUR POPSAURUS 2012 Live
Mr.Children「Sign」 TOUR POPSAURUS 2012 Live
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: MrChildren
Building an Address Post and Sign
Building an Address Post and Sign
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: April Wilkerson
Learn American Sign Language: Beginner conversational words and phrases in ASL
Learn American Sign Language: Beginner conversational words and phrases in ASL
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Meredith ASL
Ace of Base- I Saw The Sign With Lyrics
Ace of Base- I Saw The Sign With Lyrics
Published: 2010/06/12
Channel: AFwifey44875
Harry Styles - Sign Of The Times (Lyrics)
Harry Styles - Sign Of The Times (Lyrics)
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: YlovesMUSIC
CRAZY HOUSE FLIPPING GAME!! REAL WORK FOR NO MONEY?! SIGN ME UP!!
CRAZY HOUSE FLIPPING GAME!! REAL WORK FOR NO MONEY?! SIGN ME UP!!
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: oompaville
Snoop Dogg - Signs Ft. Charlie Wilson & Justin Timberlake ( Official Video )
Snoop Dogg - Signs Ft. Charlie Wilson & Justin Timberlake ( Official Video )
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: DalaVerata12
Nightcore - Sign
Nightcore - Sign
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: United Music
Have Barcelona Agreed A Deal To Sign Antoine Griezmann Next Season?! | Transfer Talk
Have Barcelona Agreed A Deal To Sign Antoine Griezmann Next Season?! | Transfer Talk
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Football Daily
DEAMN - Sign
DEAMN - Sign
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Tropical House
Learn American Sign Language (ASL) Lesson 1
Learn American Sign Language (ASL) Lesson 1
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: kateemaria
FMG - Sign (Prod. Eurosoundzz) [Gate 16 on Spotify]
FMG - Sign (Prod. Eurosoundzz) [Gate 16 on Spotify]
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: RotterdamAirlines
FLOW - SIGN (NARUTO SHIPPUDEN OP 6) ┃ Raon & PelleK full cover
FLOW - SIGN (NARUTO SHIPPUDEN OP 6) ┃ Raon & PelleK full cover
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Raon Lee
สัญญาณ (Sign) - Jetset
สัญญาณ (Sign) - Jetset'er 【OFFICIAL MV】
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: GMM GRAMMY OFFICIAL
The Documentary "The SIGN"
The Documentary "The SIGN"
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Planet7X
米津玄師 MV「ピースサイン」Kenshi Yonezu / Peace Sign
米津玄師 MV「ピースサイン」Kenshi Yonezu / Peace Sign
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: 米津玄師
My Hero Academia Opening 2 - Peace Sign 【English Dub Cover】Song by NateWantsToBattle
My Hero Academia Opening 2 - Peace Sign 【English Dub Cover】Song by NateWantsToBattle
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Nathan Sharp - Give Heart Records
【PNC】 NS OP 6 Sign [La señal] VERSIÓN 2013 Yuri Cover en Español
【PNC】 NS OP 6 Sign [La señal] VERSIÓN 2013 Yuri Cover en Español
Published: 2013/12/15
Channel: Proyecto Naruto Covers
【歌うま】Mr.Children sign【タカアンドトシ】
【歌うま】Mr.Children sign【タカアンドトシ】
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: 新日本アーカイブ
Ludacris - Vitamin D ft. Ty Dolla Sign
Ludacris - Vitamin D ft. Ty Dolla Sign
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: LudacrisVEVO
25 Basic ASL Signs For Beginners | Learn ASL American Sign Language
25 Basic ASL Signs For Beginners | Learn ASL American Sign Language
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Ashley Clark Fry
Sign/Mr Children(Cover)
Sign/Mr Children(Cover)
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: Goose house
Naruto Shippuden - Abertura 6 - Sign (Completa em Português)
Naruto Shippuden - Abertura 6 - Sign (Completa em Português)
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: Canal Tragicômico
Brown Eyed Girls
Brown Eyed Girls 'Sign'
Published: 2010/08/26
Channel: officialBEG
cute signing baby!...baby sign language
cute signing baby!...baby sign language
Published: 2007/01/21
Channel: My Smart Hands
[SFM] BB
[SFM] BB's Lost Sign!
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: SolaceVision
Sad Boy "Gang Signs" (WSHH Exclusive - Official Music Video)
Sad Boy "Gang Signs" (WSHH Exclusive - Official Music Video)
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: WORLDSTARHIPHOP
Sign / Mr. Children【アカペラ】
Sign / Mr. Children【アカペラ】
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: くねともくねくね
Sara Evans - Marquee Sign
Sara Evans - Marquee Sign
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: saraevansVEVO
Sheriff Threatens Owner Of Anti-Trump Sign
Sheriff Threatens Owner Of Anti-Trump Sign
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: The Young Turks
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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This biohazard sign is a completely conventional symbol with no inherent relationship to what it represents.
A natural sign in the environment indicating recent human activity.

A sign is an object, quality, event, or entity whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else.[1] A natural sign bears a causal relation to its object—for instance, thunder is a sign of storm, or medical symptoms signify a disease. A conventional sign signifies by agreement, as a full stop signifies the end of a sentence; similarly the words and expressions of a language, as well as bodily gestures, can be regarded as signs, expressing particular meanings. The physical objects most commonly referred to as signs (notices, road signs, etc., collectively known as signage) generally inform or instruct using written text, symbols, pictures or a combination of these.

The philosophical study of signs and symbols is called semiotics; this includes the study of semiosis, which is the way in which signs (in the semiotic sense) operate.

Nature[edit]

Semiotics, epistemology, logic, and philosophy of language are concerned about the nature of signs, what they are and how they signify. The nature of signs and symbols and significations, their definition, elements, and types, is mainly established by Aristotle, Augustine, and Aquinas. According to these classic sources, significance is a relationship between two sorts of things: signs and the kinds of things they signify (intend, express or mean), where one term necessarily causes something else to come to the mind. Distinguishing natural signs and conventional signs, the traditional theory of signs (Augustine) sets the following threefold partition of things: all sorts of indications, evidences, symptoms, and physical signals, there are signs which are always signs (the entities of the mind as ideas and images, thoughts and feelings, constructs and intentions); and there are signs that have to get their signification (as linguistic entities and cultural symbols). So, while natural signs serve as the source of signification, the human mind is the agency through which signs signify naturally occurring things, such as objects, states, qualities, quantities, events, processes, or relationships. Human language and discourse, communication, philosophy, science, logic, mathematics, poetry, theology, and religion are only some of fields of human study and activity where grasping the nature of signs and symbols and patterns of signification may have a decisive value.

Types[edit]

The western zodiac signs
A signboard on a beach in Durban in apartheid-era South Africa indicates a racially segregated beach.
A sign saying "Ignore this sign" in Finnish, an example of a humorous sign.

A sign can denote any of the following:

Christianity[edit]

St. Augustine and signs[edit]

St. Augustine was the first man who synthesized the classical and Hellenistic theories of signs. For him a sign is a thing which is used to signify other things and to make them come to mind (De Doctrina Christiana (hereafter DDC) 1.2.2; 2.1.1). The most common signs are spoken and written words (DDC 1.2.2; 2.3.4-2.4.5). Although God cannot be fully expressible, Augustine gave emphasis to the possibility of God’s communication with humans by signs in Scripture (DDC 1.6.6). Augustine endorsed and developed the classical and Hellenistic theories of signs. Among the mainstream in the theories of signs, i.e., that of Aristotle and that of Stoics, the former theory filtered into the works of Cicero (106-43 BC, De inventione rhetorica 1.30.47-48) and Quintilian (circa 35-100, Institutio Oratoria 5.9.9-10), which regarded the sign as an instrument of inference. In his commentary on Aristotle’s De Interpretatione, Ammonius said, "according to the division of the philosopher Theophrastus, the relation of speech is twofold, first in regard to the audience, to which speech signifies something, and secondly in regard to the things about which the speaker intends to persuade the audience." If we match DDC with this division, the first part belongs to DDC Book IV and the second part to DDC Books I-III. Augustine, although influenced by these theories, advanced his own theological theory of signs, with whose help one can infer the mind of God from the events and words of Scripture.

Books II and III of DDC enumerate all kinds of signs and explain how to interpret them. Signs are divided into natural (naturalia) and conventional (data); the latter is divided into animal (bestiae) and human (homines); the latter is divided into non-words (cetera) and words (verba); the latter is divided into spoken words (voces) and written words (litterae); the latter is divided into unknown signs (signa ignota) and ambiguous signs (signa ambigua); both the former and the latter are divided respectively into particular signs (signa propria) and figurative signs (signa translata), among which the unknown figurative signs belong to the pagans. In addition to exegetical knowledge (Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 1.4.1-3 and 1.8.1-21) which follows the order of reading (lectio), textual criticism (emendatio), explanation (enarratio), and judgment (iudicium), one needs to know the original language (Hebrew and Greek) and broad background information on Scripture (DDC 2.9.14-2.40.60).

Augustine’s understanding of signs includes several hermeneutical presuppositions as important factors. First, the interpreter should proceed with humility, because only a humble person can grasp the truth of Scripture (DDC 2.41.62). Second, the interpreter must have a spirit of active inquiry and should not hesitate to learn and use pagan education for the purpose of leading to Christian learning, because all truth is God’s truth (DDC 2.40.60-2.42.63). Third, the heart of interpreter should be founded, rooted, and built up in love which is the final goal of the entire Scriptures (DDC 2.42.63).

The sign does not function as its own goal, but its purpose lies in its role as a signification (res significans, DDC 3.9.13). God gave signs as a means to reveal himself; Christians need to exercise hermeneutical principles in order to understand that divine revelation. Even if the Scriptural text is obscure, it has meaningful benefits. For the obscure text prevents us from falling into pride, triggers our intelligence (DDC 2.6.7), tempers our faith in the history of revelation (DDC 3.8.12), and refines our mind to be suitable to the holy mysteries (DDC 4.8.22). When interpreting signs, the literal meaning should first be sought, and then the figurative meaning (DDC 3.10.14-3.23.33). Augustine suggests the hermeneutical principle that the obscure Scriptural verse is interpreted with the help of plain and simple verses, which formed the doctrine of "scriptura scripturae interpres" (Scripture is the Interpreter of Scripture) in the Reformation Era. Moreover, he introduces the seven rules of Tyconius the Donatist to interpret the obscure meaning of the Bible, which demonstrates his understanding that all truth belongs to God (DDC 3.3.42-3.37.56). In order to apply Augustine's hermeneutics of the sign appropriately in modern times, every division of theology must be involved and interdisciplinary approaches must be taken.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Oxford American Dictionary
  2. ^ Woo, B. Hoon (2013). "Augustine's Hermeneutics and Homiletics in De doctrina christiana". Journal of Christian Philosophy. 17: 103–106. 

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of sign at Wiktionary

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