Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
What is the Single European Act
What is the Single European Act
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: GAUTAM MEDIA
History of the EU Single Market
History of the EU Single Market
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: The European Union in the Contemporary World
Single European Act
Single European Act
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: WikiWikiup
History: European Single Market
History: European Single Market
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: EuroparlTV EN
The European Commission 1973-1986: History and Memories of an Institution
The European Commission 1973-1986: History and Memories of an Institution
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: European Commission
Reportage: Single Market Act
Reportage: Single Market Act
Published: 2010/10/26
Channel: EU Banking and Finance
A History of the EU (A.Knapp) - Act 5 - The apogee: the single European Act and Maastricht
A History of the EU (A.Knapp) - Act 5 - The apogee: the single European Act and Maastricht
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Marie French
eu part 17 foundation single european act
eu part 17 foundation single european act
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: TheChrisg00
History: Jacques Delors
History: Jacques Delors' Europe
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: EuroparlTV EN
How to write Single European Act in French
How to write Single European Act in French
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: How to write in French ?
AB European A C T
AB European A C T
Published: 2009/04/21
Channel: apbremner
Cancel me from psn and rage quit Vs 1st single eu
Cancel me from psn and rage quit Vs 1st single eu
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: xTehMaTz
What Is The Treaty Of Maastricht?
What Is The Treaty Of Maastricht?
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Funny Question
Single European Market - Christos Mouzeviris
Single European Market - Christos Mouzeviris
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: emakinamotion
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Drinie Depk
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
FROM ENGLISH TO GERMAN = Single European Act
FROM ENGLISH TO GERMAN = Single European Act
Published: 2011/12/18
Channel: YTenglish2german
European Coal and Steel Community
European Coal and Steel Community
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Century Old
TRANSLATE IN 20 LANGUAGES = Single European Act
TRANSLATE IN 20 LANGUAGES = Single European Act
Published: 2011/03/22
Channel: LEARN FRENCH WITH VINCENT
making your act unique
making your act unique
Published: 2008/11/20
Channel: southsidecribz
Say it in 20 languages # Single European Act
Say it in 20 languages # Single European Act
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: LEARN LANGUAGES
FROM ENGLISH TO SPANISH = Single European Act
FROM ENGLISH TO SPANISH = Single European Act
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: YTenglish2spanish
History: Did the Iron Lady crush UK euro-enthusiasm?
History: Did the Iron Lady crush UK euro-enthusiasm?
Published: 2013/04/08
Channel: European Parliament
eu part 20 regrets single act
eu part 20 regrets single act
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: TheChrisg00
The European Parliament and the Treaties
The European Parliament and the Treaties
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: European Parliamentary Research Service
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
What is the Single Market? Professor Michael Dougan explains the key facts
What is the Single Market? Professor Michael Dougan explains the key facts
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: EU Law At Liverpool
Single European Market - Karolina Tesarska
Single European Market - Karolina Tesarska
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: emakinamotion
What Is The Treaty Of Maastricht?
What Is The Treaty Of Maastricht?
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Omega Omega
11 bcma 14 european act and horizon act awards
11 bcma 14 european act and horizon act awards
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Chris Burland
Eureka: The great Single Market
Eureka: The great Single Market
Published: 2012/07/11
Channel: EuroparlTV EN
What Is The EEC?
What Is The EEC?
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Funny Question
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Question Rack
MTV EMA: Lena Meyer-Landrut is Best European Act
MTV EMA: Lena Meyer-Landrut is Best European Act
Published: 2011/10/24
Channel: LenaFanKanal
13 bcmawards 2013 chit chat then european act of the year
13 bcmawards 2013 chit chat then european act of the year
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: Chris Burland
Barroso: 12 measures to boost Single Market by 2012 identified
Barroso: 12 measures to boost Single Market by 2012 identified
Published: 2011/04/14
Channel: EURACTIV
Diamond Zerg Laddering SEA/EU - 3 / 8
Diamond Zerg Laddering SEA/EU - 3 / 8
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: DanC
Thatcher: a European legacy
Thatcher: a European legacy
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: EURACTIV
Maastricht Treaty
Maastricht Treaty
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: Audiopedia
Maastricht Treaty Anniversary: 25 years since EU founding agreement signed
Maastricht Treaty Anniversary: 25 years since EU founding agreement signed
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: TRT World
eu part 19 single act parliament
eu part 19 single act parliament
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: TheChrisg00
Single European market - Barbara Gartner
Single European market - Barbara Gartner
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: emakinamotion
Barroso on the death of Margaret Thatcher
Barroso on the death of Margaret Thatcher
Published: 2013/04/08
Channel: EURACTIV
INNA: Votati-ma la Best European Act - MTV EMA 2015
INNA: Votati-ma la Best European Act - MTV EMA 2015
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: INNA
European Political Cooperation
European Political Cooperation
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Viki History
Wynne Godley, Get Off the EURO
Wynne Godley, Get Off the EURO
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Alberto Veronese
Jonathan Scheele, EC Rep in the UK on the Single European Transport Market
Jonathan Scheele, EC Rep in the UK on the Single European Transport Market
Published: 2010/11/03
Channel: YooskTV
EU part 1
EU part 1
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: TheChrisg00
European Union History-My start in European Federalism
European Union History-My start in European Federalism
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: BIBLE Prophecy Talk
What is the European Council?
What is the European Council?
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Susanne Auer
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Single European Act
Single European Act
Type Amending treaty
Signed 17 February 1986
28 February 1986
Location Luxembourg, Luxembourg
The Hague, Netherlands
Effective 1 July 1987
Parties
Depositary Government of Italy
Citations Prior amendment treaty:
Merger Treaty (1965)
Subsequent amendment treaty: Maastricht Treaty (1992)
Languages
Single European Act at Wikisource

After amendments made by the SEA Treaty:
Consolidated version of EURATOM treaty (1986)


Consolidated version of the ECSC treaty (1986)

Consolidated version of TEEC (1986)
Flag of Europe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
European Union

The Single European Act (SEA) was the first major revision of the 1957 Treaty of Rome. The Act set the European Community an objective of establishing a single market by 31 December 1992, and codified European Political Cooperation, the forerunner of the European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy. It was signed at Luxembourg on 17 February 1986, and at The Hague on 28 February 1986. It came into effect on 1 July 1987, under the Delors Commission.

Background[edit]

The SEA's signing grew from the discontent among European Community members in the 1980s about the de facto lack of free trade among them. Leaders from business and politics wanted to harmonise laws among countries and resolve policy discrepancies.

The Treaty was drafted with the aim of implementing parts of the Dooge report on institutional reform of the Community and the European Commission's white paper on reforming the Common Market. The resultant treaty aimed to create a "Single Market" in the Community by 1992, and as a means of achieving this adopted a more collaborative legislative process, later known as the cooperation procedure, which gave the European Parliament a real say in legislating for the first time and introduced more majority voting in the Council of Ministers.[1] Under the procedure the Council could, with the support of Parliament and acting on a proposal by the Commission, adopt a legislative proposal by a qualified majority, but the Council could also overrule a rejection of a proposed law by the Parliament by adopting a proposal unanimously.[2]

Overview[edit]

A core element of the SEA was to create a Single Market within the European Community by 1992, when, it was hoped that the legislative reforms seen necessary would have been completed. To make the objectives possible, the SEA reformed the legislative process both by introducing the cooperation procedure and by extending Qualified Majority Voting to new areas. Measures were also taken to shorten the legislative process.

The SEA intended to remove barriers and to increase harmonisation and competitiveness among its countries.

Signing and ratification[edit]

A political agreement was reached at the European Council held in Luxembourg on 3 December 1985 when foreign ministers finalised the text. Denmark and Italy raised concerns over constitutional validity. Nine countries, Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), France, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom, signed the Single European Act at Luxembourg on 17 February 1986.[3] That date has been originally intended as display of unity within the Community regarding the SEA,[4] but this failed.

The Danish parliament rejected the Single Act in January 1986 after an opposition motion calling for the then unsigned document to be renegotiated was passed by 80 votes to 75.[5] The Danish opposition opposed the treaty because they said it would increase the powers of the European Parliament.[5] The Danish government, who supported the treaty, decided to hold a national, non-binding referendum on the issue in order to overcome the treaty's rejection by the Danish parliament. This referendum was duly held on 27 February 1986 and approved by the Danish people by 56.2% voting in favour to 43.8% against on a turnout of 75.4%.

Italian government delayed in signing for the opposite concern: that, in their opinion, it would not give the European Parliament enough power.[4] Together with Greece who had also delayed in signing, Denmark and Italy signed the Single Act at The Hague on 28 February 1986.

It had been originally intended to have the SEA ratified by the end of 1986 so that it would come into force on 1 January 1987 and 11 of the then 12 member states of the EEC had ratified the treaty by that date.[6] The deadline failed to be achieved when the Irish government were restrained from ratifying the SEA pending court proceedings.[7]

In the court case, the Irish Supreme Court ruled that the Irish Constitution would have to be amended before the state could ratify the treaty, something that can only be done by referendum. Such a referendum was ultimately held on 26 May 1987 when the proposal was approved by Irish voters by 69.9% in favour to 30.1% against on a turnout of 44.1%. Ireland formally ratified the Single European Act in June 1987, allowing the treaty to come into force on 1 July.

Treaty time line[edit]

Signed:
In force:
Document:
1948
1948
Brussels
Treaty
1951
1952
Paris
Treaty
1954
1955
Modified
Brussels
Treaty
1957
1958
Rome
Treaty
&
EURATOM
1965
1967
Merger
Treaty
1975
1976
Council
Agreement
on TREVI
1986
1987
Single
European
Act
1985+90
1995
Schengen
Treaty
&
Convention
1992
1993
Maastricht Treaty (TEU)
1997
1999
Amsterdam
Treaty
2001
2003
Nice
Treaty
2007
2009
Lisbon
Treaty
 
Content: (founded WUDO) (founded ECSC) (protocol amending WUDO to become WEU) (founded EEC and EURATOM) (merging the legislative & administrative bodies of the 3 European communities) (founded TREVI) (amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EEC)+
(founded EPC)
(founded Schengen)
(implemented Schengen)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, and EEC to transform it into EC)+
(founded: JHA+CFSP)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EC to also contain Schengen, and TEU where PJCC replaced JHA) (amended with focus on institutional changes: EURATOM, ECSC, EC and TEU) (abolished the 3 pillars and WEU by amending: EURATOM, EC=>TFEU, and TEU)
(founded EU as an overall legal unit with Charter of Fundamental Rights, and reformed governance structures & decision procedures)
 
                         
Three pillars of the European Union:  
European Communities
(with a single Commission & Council)
 
European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)   
European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 European Union (EU)
    European Economic Community (EEC)   European Community (EC)
        Schengen Rules  
    Terrorism, Radicalism, Extremism and Violence Internationally (TREVI) Justice and Home Affairs
(JHA)
  Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
  European Political Cooperation (EPC) Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) Western European Union (WEU)    
Treaty terminated in 2011    
                     

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Craig, Paul; de Burca, Grainne (2003). EU Law: Text, Cases and Materials (3rd ed.). Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-19-925608-X. 
  2. ^ Article 7 of the Single European Act amending Article 7 of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
  3. ^ "The signing of the Single European Act". CVCE. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Boland, Colm (17 February 1986). "Ireland to sign EEC foreign policy treaty today". The Irish Times. 
  5. ^ a b "Danish Parliament votes to reject EEC reforms". The Irish Times. 22 January 1986. p. 5. 
  6. ^ Carroll, Joe (31 December 1986). "Single Act ratified by 11 states". The Irish Times. p. 13. 
  7. ^ Carroll, Joe (25 December 1986). "Court delays ratification of European Act". The Irish Times. p. 1. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license