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බක් මහ සැනකෙළිය, Sinhala New Year Sri Lanka
බක් මහ සැනකෙළිය, Sinhala New Year Sri Lanka
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: kasun d. kaluarachchi
Sinhala-Tamil New Year Part-2
Sinhala-Tamil New Year Part-2
Published: 2012/04/18
Channel: Sri Lanka Association of Saskatoon
Sinhala and Tamil New Year Celebrations at Nuga Gama 2014
Sinhala and Tamil New Year Celebrations at Nuga Gama 2014
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: Cinnamon Grand Colombo
Sinhalese New Year Special Jukebox | Avurudu Songs | Vol.01
Sinhalese New Year Special Jukebox | Avurudu Songs | Vol.01
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Evoke Music
Sinhala Aluth Awurudu Songs - Happy New Year 27 songs - 2017 - 2018 - 2019 - RKP Creations
Sinhala Aluth Awurudu Songs - Happy New Year 27 songs - 2017 - 2018 - 2019 - RKP Creations
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: Priyantha De Silva
Sinhalese New Year Special Jukebox | Avurudu Songs | Vol.02
Sinhalese New Year Special Jukebox | Avurudu Songs | Vol.02
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Evoke Music
Sinhala and Hindu new year festival documentry
Sinhala and Hindu new year festival documentry
Published: 2013/04/13
Channel: Asela Rupasinghe
Sinhala Newyear 2016 - Melbourne Bak Maha  Ulela 2016
Sinhala Newyear 2016 - Melbourne Bak Maha Ulela 2016
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: Sri Lanka Morning Show
Sinhala New year 2015 in Japan スリランカの正月イベント2015年
Sinhala New year 2015 in Japan スリランカの正月イベント2015年
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: REOPPI
Raban session at Sinhala New Year 2014
Raban session at Sinhala New Year 2014
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: Nuwan Rodrigo
Sinhala Aurudu Songs - 2017 - Happy New Year 27 songs
Sinhala Aurudu Songs - 2017 - Happy New Year 27 songs
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Sumudu Hansaka
Sinhala New Year Paris - Paris Vihara
Sinhala New Year Paris - Paris Vihara
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Ranjith Somawansa
Sinhala and Hindu New Year 2015
Sinhala and Hindu New Year 2015
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: Hiru News
Sinhala  new year celebration  2010 singapore Sri Lankan  fun (anangaya)
Sinhala new year celebration 2010 singapore Sri Lankan fun (anangaya)
Published: 2010/05/04
Channel: erandaable
Sinhala Tamil New Year Celebration at Chiba, Japan
Sinhala Tamil New Year Celebration at Chiba, Japan
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Kyodai Remittance
Manjula pieris talk about sinhala hindu new year 2017
Manjula pieris talk about sinhala hindu new year 2017
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Web Gossip
DUBAI SINHALA HINDU NEW YEAR
DUBAI SINHALA HINDU NEW YEAR
Published: 2012/05/03
Channel: Shirantha Thamel
Sinhala And Tamil New Year Celebrations Gorey.
Sinhala And Tamil New Year Celebrations Gorey.
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: Keith Gerreyn
Happy Sinhala & Hindu New Year
Happy Sinhala & Hindu New Year
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: Ishara Kasun
Sinhala and Tamil New Year celebrated across Sri Lanka
Sinhala and Tamil New Year celebrated across Sri Lanka
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Ada Derana
Sinhala New Year Festival :   California 2016 !!!
Sinhala New Year Festival : California 2016 !!!
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Chatura Lashanka
SINHALA NEW YEAR 2017
SINHALA NEW YEAR 2017
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Travel With DinuBoy
Sinhala New Year 2017 Celebration in Qatar Al Sadd Sports Club
Sinhala New Year 2017 Celebration in Qatar Al Sadd Sports Club
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: Mohamed Naleef
Sinhala-Tamil New Year Part-1
Sinhala-Tamil New Year Part-1
Published: 2012/04/18
Channel: Sri Lanka Association of Saskatoon
Sinhalese New Year | New year games
Sinhalese New Year | New year games
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: sridaladamaligawa kandy
Sinhala and Tamil New Year Celebrations 2014
Sinhala and Tamil New Year Celebrations 2014
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Srilanka Rehabilitaion
sinhala new year wish
sinhala new year wish
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: Janaka Roshan
A beautiful sinhala tamil new year dance
A beautiful sinhala tamil new year dance
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Alisha silva
Newsfirst Sinhala Tamil New Year - 1
Newsfirst Sinhala Tamil New Year - 1
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: Newsfirst Sri Lanka
Sinhala and Tamil New Year celebrations changing...?
Sinhala and Tamil New Year celebrations changing...?
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Ada Derana
Sinhala New Years 2017, Rotterdam,The Netherlands
Sinhala New Years 2017, Rotterdam,The Netherlands
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Kesssh91
Sinhala And Tamil New Year Festival 2013
Sinhala And Tamil New Year Festival 2013
Published: 2013/03/09
Channel: R Thebuwanage
Tamil,Sinhala New Year 2016
Tamil,Sinhala New Year 2016
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Bavan Sharma
Memphis sinhala new year
Memphis sinhala new year
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: Muditha Jayasekara
Rajah the Elephants Sinhalese New Year in  SRILANKA
Rajah the Elephants Sinhalese New Year in SRILANKA
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: Don Hapuarachchi
london sinhala and tamil new year
london sinhala and tamil new year
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Maggona Anju
RASIPALAN 2017 TAMIL SINHALA NEW YEAR
RASIPALAN 2017 TAMIL SINHALA NEW YEAR
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: PURUSHATH siva
Sinhala New Year Greetings -  2016
Sinhala New Year Greetings - 2016
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: ApeVitti
Sinhala and Tamil New Year wish by Keele Sri Lankan Society
Sinhala and Tamil New Year wish by Keele Sri Lankan Society
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Keele Sri Lankan Society
Sinhala New Year
Sinhala New Year's Celebration 2015
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: Chamara Silva
සිංහල අලුත් අවුරුද්ද | Sinhalese New Year 04
සිංහල අලුත් අවුරුද්ද | Sinhalese New Year 04
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: sridaladamaligawa kandy
Dambane sinhala new year festival [www.gossipking.lk]
Dambane sinhala new year festival [www.gossipking.lk]
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Gossip King
Sinhala New Year Dance 2015 at CINEC
Sinhala New Year Dance 2015 at CINEC
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: gayan suranga
2017 New Year Wish from #SriLankan #Sinhala #Youtubers
2017 New Year Wish from #SriLankan #Sinhala #Youtubers
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: Chanux Bro
Sinhala and Tamil New Year Wish - ESOFT METRO CAMPUS
Sinhala and Tamil New Year Wish - ESOFT METRO CAMPUS
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: R J
Sinhala Hindu New year celebration Winnipeg Canada April 2013 (Part 2)
Sinhala Hindu New year celebration Winnipeg Canada April 2013 (Part 2)
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: Susantha Nanayakkara
Sinhala and Tamil new year 2016 Sir Lankan
Sinhala and Tamil new year 2016 Sir Lankan
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Kapthura Jayasanka
New Year Festival
New Year Festival
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Ministry of Culture and the Arts
Prime Minister wishes President Rajapaksa for Sinhala Hindu New year
Prime Minister wishes President Rajapaksa for Sinhala Hindu New year
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: Derana Videos
Gardena Sinhala New Year 2012.mp4
Gardena Sinhala New Year 2012.mp4
Published: 2012/05/06
Channel: MegaTony1955
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sinhalese New Year
සිංහල අලුත් අවුරුද්ද
Official name Aluth Avurudda
Also called Sinhala and Tamil New Year
Sinhala and Hindu New Year
Observed by Sinhalese people worldwide [N 1]
Type Cultural
Celebrations Games, family gathering, family meal, visiting friends and relatives, prayer
Observances The observed movement of the sun from Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to the Mesha Rashiya (House of Aries)
Marks the end of the harvest season
Date April 13 or 14, an auspicious date in the month of Bak (April) (by the Shalivahana era)
2016 date 14 April, Monkey
2017 date 14 April, Rooster
2018 date 14 April, Dog
Frequency annual
Related to Bengali New Year, Burmese New Year, Cambodian New Year, Dai New Year, Lao New Year, Tai Khamti New Year, Tamil New Year, Thai New Year

Sinhalese New Year, generally known as Aluth Avurudda (Sinhalese: අලුත් අවුරුද්ද) in Sri Lanka, is a Sri Lankan holiday that celebrates the traditional New Year of the Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka. It is a major anniversary celebrated by not only the Sinhalese people but by most Sri Lankans. The timing of the Sinhala New Year coincides with the new year celebrations of many traditional calendars of South and Southeast Asia. The festival has close semblance to the Tamil New year and other South and Southeast Asian New Years. It is a public holiday in Sri Lanka. It is generally celebrated on 13 April or 14 April and traditionally begins at the sighting of the new moon.[1][2]

According to Sinhalese astrology, New Year begins when the sun moves from Meena Rashiya (the house of Pisces) to Mesha Rashiya (the house of Aries). It also marks the end of the harvest season and of spring.

History[edit]

Cultural anthropological history of the 'Traditional New Year' which is celebrated on month of April, goes back to an ancient period in Sri Lankan history. People think that the celebration of new year is the change of thoughts too. Various beliefs, perhaps those associated with fertility of the harvest, gave birth to many rituals, customs, and ceremonies connected with the New Year. The advent of Buddhism in the 3rd century BC led to a re-interpretation of the existing New Year activities in the Buddhism light[citation needed]. The majority of the people in the country are Buddhists, and as such, the Buddhistic outlook was predominant in transforming the New Year rites to what they are now.

Hinduism, on the other hand, existed side by side with Buddhism, in medieval times. New Year practices interpreted in the Hinduism way developed among the Hindus[citation needed]. Buddhism and Hinduism were historically connected with each other. Their philosophies were running along parallel dimensions, except for certain ultimate truths concerning the self, the way to achieve emancipation and the nature of a creative god (which Buddhism denies) and nirvana . There was no serious contradiction in New Year rituals that are found among the Buddhists and Hindus.

The mythological backdrop of the New Year is probably based on Hindu literature. The Prince of Peace called Indradeva descends upon the earth to ensure peace and happiness. He comes in a white carriage wearing on his head a white floral crown seven cubits high. He first dips, like a returning space capsule plunges, breaking earth's gravity, into a `Kiri Sayura' or sea of milk.[citation needed]

Modern day activities related to the celebration of the traditional New Year is based on auspicious times given by the astrologers. The New Year celebration therefore can be thought as a complex mix of Indigenous, Astrological, Hindu, and Buddhist traditions.

Celebrations[edit]

The blossoming flowers of the Yak Erabadu is associated with the advent of the New Year
Kokis are a popular snack eaten during the New Year
Konda Kavum another dish eaten during the New Year

In month of Bak which represents prosperity in the Sinhalese calendar (or in the month of April according to the Gregorian calendar), is when the sun moves (in an astrological sense) from the Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to the Mesha Rashiya (House of Aries) in the celestial sphere; Sri Lankan people of Sri Lanka begin celebrating Sinhala New Year or Aluth Avurudu (in Sinhala). It marks the end of the harvest season and also coincides with one of two instances when the sun is directly above Sri Lanka.

However, unlike the celebration of the new Gregorian calendar year at midnight on December 31, the Sinhalese traditional New Year begins at a time determined by astrological calculations. Also unlike 31st night celebrations, where old year ends at midnight and new year begins immediately afterwards; the ending of the old year, and the beginning of the new year occur several hours apart from one another (this span of time is usually 12 hours and 48 minutes, which starts when the sun, as a disk, starts to cross the astrological boundary between 'House of Pisces' and 'House of Aries' and ends when the crossing is complete. The halfway point is considered as the dawn of the new year). This period is, referred to as the Nonagathe (or the 'neutral period' or 'Auspicious Time' ). During this time Sri Lankans are, according to tradition, encouraged to refrain from material pursuits, and engage solely in either religious activities or traditional games.

Cultural rituals begin shortly after the beginning of the Sinhalese New Year with the cleaning of the house and lighting of an oil lamp. In some communities, women congregate to play upon the Raban (type of a drum) to announce the incipient change in the year. All the families as one carries out variety of rituals in exact timings of which are determined by astrological calculations - from lighting the fire to making the Kiribath (milk rice) to entering into the first business transaction and eating the first morsels. The rituals vary slightly based on the locale. However the core of the celebrations remains the same.

The approach of the each auspicious time for various rituvals is heralded by the unmistakable sign of very loud firecrackers. Although loud firecrackers are an environmental concern, and a safety hazard, especially for children, this remains an integral part of the celebrations throughout Sri Lanka.

Once the important rituals are done, the partying begins as families mingle in the streets, homes are thrown open and children are let out to play. The ubiquitous plantain is dished out alongside celebratory feasts of Kavum (small oil cake) and Kokis (crisp and light sweetmeat, originally from the Netherlands). However, the extent of outdoor activities depends largely on the neighborhood. The suburban communities tend to have such social gatherings than urban or city dwellers. The blossoming of the flowers of the Yak Erabadu is associated with the advent of the Sinhalese New Year.[3]

Aluth Aurudu is an important national holiday for both the cultures of the Sinhalese people and the Tamil people of Sri Lanka. The celebrations are given wide coverage and patronage from state owned media as well as private media.

Harvest Festival[edit]

The date upon which the Sinhalese New Year occurred, while determined by astrological calculations, also tends to coincide with one of the paddy harvest seasons. For farming communities, the traditional new year is a festival of harvest as well.

Cuckoo bird[edit]

A type of cuckoo bird, the Asian koel, has a strong association with the new year celebrations in traditional literature around the festival period. The mating season of the bird roughly coincides with the festival season. The mating call of the male is regarded as a heralding sign of the traditional new year. This bird is known as the Koha (කොහා) in Sri Lanka by the Sinhala language. The melodious call Koo-ooo of the male bird is heard throughout Sri Lanka during the breeding season of the bird that roughly spans from March to August.

Related holidays in other cultures[edit]

Aluth Avurudda coincides with the new years in many other Southern Asian calendars, including:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ and most Sri Lankans

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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