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Sendil sendil by: Young Sister Group
Sendil sendil by: Young Sister Group
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Vince Alimuddin
"Skyscraper" by Demi Lovato - cover by CIMORELLI
"Skyscraper" by Demi Lovato - cover by CIMORELLI
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: Cimorelli
씨스타(SISTAR) - 나혼자 Music Video (Alone)
씨스타(SISTAR) - 나혼자 Music Video (Alone)
Published: 2012/04/11
Channel: starshipTV
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: Peter Mulligan
Sparkle | Sister & The Sisters - Giving Him Something He Can Feel (HD)
Sparkle | Sister & The Sisters - Giving Him Something He Can Feel (HD)
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: Terrence Batiste
Shirley and Cynthia - Sister
Shirley and Cynthia - Sister's Final Act - THE X FACTOR USA 2013
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: The X Factor USA
4th Power raise the roof with Jessie J hit | Auditions Week 1 | The X Factor UK 2015
4th Power raise the roof with Jessie J hit | Auditions Week 1 | The X Factor UK 2015
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: The X Factor UK
Girls group dance | sister
Girls group dance | sister's wedding | sangeet function
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: Antima Chauhan
Pengumuman Sister Group Baru [TPE48,MNL48,BNK48]
Pengumuman Sister Group Baru [TPE48,MNL48,BNK48]
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: Xxx 48
18. OUR SISTER TALKS GROWING UP WITH US!
18. OUR SISTER TALKS GROWING UP WITH US!
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Group Chat
My sister group
My sister group
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: steve thao
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Ciara Mulligan
Bad Sister - Trailer
Bad Sister - Trailer
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: Johnson Production Group
160719 Wanna B
160719 Wanna B's Linah says her sister Girl's Day's Minah initially opposed her girl group debut
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Artists news KFK
the sister group
the sister group
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Country Mulligan
X - Factor USA 2012 - Group Sister C - Judges House
X - Factor USA 2012 - Group Sister C - Judges House
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: Julia Phillips
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: Peter Mulligan
Young sister group planting rice by merjelyn
Young sister group planting rice by merjelyn
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Vince Alimuddin
MBS AKB48 Sister Group JKT48
MBS AKB48 Sister Group JKT48
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Noo-na Yuri48
Train - Hey, Soul Sister
Train - Hey, Soul Sister
Published: 2009/11/14
Channel: TrainVEVO
Brother and Sister group with mom on the drums!!
Brother and Sister group with mom on the drums!!
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Eric Dickinson
Dieting is a must for girlgroups! But Unnies keep eating [Sister
Dieting is a must for girlgroups! But Unnies keep eating [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.04.14]
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: KBS World TV
Meeting a senior girlgroup [Sister
Meeting a senior girlgroup [Sister's SlamDunk/2016.08.12]
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: KBS World TV
Unnies try out for TWICE, AOA, Girl
Unnies try out for TWICE, AOA, Girl's Day outfits! [Sister's SlamDunk2 / 2017.04.28]
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: KBS World TV
Girlgroups are different! Somi learns the dance in just 5 minutes [Sister
Girlgroups are different! Somi learns the dance in just 5 minutes [Sister's SlamDunk2 / 2017.03.31]
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: KBS World TV
4th IMPACT Xfactor Audtion Reaction// CRAZIEST SISTER SINGING GROUP
4th IMPACT Xfactor Audtion Reaction// CRAZIEST SISTER SINGING GROUP
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Adrian Ortiz
JKT48 at Nippon Budoukan  [Concert with All 48 Sister Group]  - RIVER + Lyrics
JKT48 at Nippon Budoukan [Concert with All 48 Sister Group] - RIVER + Lyrics
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Stefanus Ade Setiawan
"Torque" Boyz of Poison sister group
"Torque" Boyz of Poison sister group
Published: 2006/10/25
Channel: makeuwet68
Alkaline sister Kimona voice note leaked From Group Chat  (june 5)
Alkaline sister Kimona voice note leaked From Group Chat (june 5)
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: DJ KEMMO
Sis n Bro
Sis n Bro 'Rising Stars' - Sister D. Group
Published: 2013/12/30
Channel: ixdanvideo
Unnies unit group stands on the stage of
Unnies unit group stands on the stage of 'Immortal Songs' [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.04.21]
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: KBS World TV
Girl group fit challenge (feat.comedian Heo Kyung-hwan) [Sister
Girl group fit challenge (feat.comedian Heo Kyung-hwan) [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.03.03]
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: KBS World TV
Huntsville Rapist Bed Intruder Song by the Dannemann Brother Sister Group
Huntsville Rapist Bed Intruder Song by the Dannemann Brother Sister Group
Published: 2010/08/08
Channel: dianapage1
NEW AKB SISTER GROUP! NISHINO NANASE IN AKB48 PROJECT - 48/46 Weekly News
NEW AKB SISTER GROUP! NISHINO NANASE IN AKB48 PROJECT - 48/46 Weekly News
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: JoshBox
Unnies meeting the Legendary Girl group [Sister
Unnies meeting the Legendary Girl group [Sister's Slam Dunk/2016.09.23]
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: KBS World TV
70. MY SISTER WAS POSSESSED! Ft. Zach Piona & Wahlid Mohammad
70. MY SISTER WAS POSSESSED! Ft. Zach Piona & Wahlid Mohammad
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Group Chat
sajan-chat admin Sammer sister group
sajan-chat admin Sammer sister group's in USA.avi
Published: 2011/08/26
Channel: sajanchat
Pinga | Bajirao Mastani | Full Video | Dance Performance | My Sister
Pinga | Bajirao Mastani | Full Video | Dance Performance | My Sister's Group | Natak Maxixe | 2016
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Tejol Vipin
Hyorin tries again as a girl group- Casting the producer [Sister
Hyorin tries again as a girl group- Casting the producer [Sister's SlamDunk/2016.08.05]
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: KBS World TV
Uhuru
Uhuru's Sister Nyokabi marshals group of women in Tharaka-Nithi
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: K24TV
Mental clinic for girl group
Mental clinic for girl group's training course [Sister's Slam Dunk/2016.09.16]
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: KBS World TV
Unit group of Unnies gets casted for
Unit group of Unnies gets casted for 'Immortal Songs' [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.04.14]
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: KBS World TV
Girl-group professional waits for the members [Sister
Girl-group professional waits for the members [Sister's Slam Dunk/2016.09.09]
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: KBS World TV
[SFM] FNAF: Sister Location Speed Art "Group Photo"
[SFM] FNAF: Sister Location Speed Art "Group Photo"
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: TFCraft Productions
Joni Sledge of Sister Sledge dies
Joni Sledge of Sister Sledge dies
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: CNN
Funny group 《 sister n young brother
Funny group 《 sister n young brother
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Zhang Leiann
2 sister food group
2 sister food group
Published: 2012/12/15
Channel: Sandeep kumar
烤碗粿 150224 sister group cooking demo
烤碗粿 150224 sister group cooking demo
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: Chinese for Christ Church of Hayward 中華歸主海沃教會
Ilang
Ilang 'sis' ng Aegis Jvris, kakasuhan din: MPD
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: ABS-CBN News
Brother And Sister Group THE RUA Jonathan, Roseanna & Alanna Interview
Brother And Sister Group THE RUA Jonathan, Roseanna & Alanna Interview
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: Celebrity Radio by Alex Belfield
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sister taxon)
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A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.[1] The expression is most easily illustrated by a cladogram: A, B, and C each represent a taxon:




A



B




C



The sister group to A is B; conversely, the sister group to B is A. Groups A and B, together with all other descendants of their most recent common ancestor, form the clade AB. The sister group to clade AB is C.

The whole clade ABC is itself a subtree of a larger tree, which offers yet more sister group branches that are related but farther removed from the leaf nodes, such as A, B, and C.

In cladistic standards, A, B, and C may represent specimens, species, taxon-groups, etc. If they represent species, the term sister species is sometimes used.

The term "sister group" is used in phylogenetic analysis, and only groups identified in the analysis are labeled as sister groups. An example is in birds, whose sister group is commonly cited as the crocodiles, but that is true only when dealing with extant taxa.[2][3] The bird family tree is rooted in the dinosaurs, making for a number of extinct groups branching off before coming to the last common ancestor of birds and crocodiles.[4] Thus, the term sister group must be seen as a relative term, with the caveat that the sister group is the closest relative only among the groups/species/specimens that are included in the analysis.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eernisse, D.J. "Introduction to Phylogeny: What is a Sister Taxon?". Biology 404 - Evolution. Department of Biological Science, California State University, Fullerton. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Padian, Kevin; Lindberg, David R.; Polly, Paul David (1 May 1994). "Cladistics and the Fossil Record: The Uses of History". Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 22 (1): 63–89. doi:10.1146/annurev.ea.22.050194.000431. 
  3. ^ Kemp, T.S. (1 January 1988). "Haemothermia or Archosauria? The interrelationships of mammals, birds and crocodiles". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 92 (1): 67–104. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1988.tb01527.x. 
  4. ^ Hughes, J.M. "Ancient bird-crocdilian ancestor uncovered". AVES VITAE - The lives of birds. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Podani, J. (2010). "Taxonomy in Evolutionary Perspective - An essay on the relationships between taxonomy and evolutionary theory". Synbiologia Hungarica. 5: 1–42. 

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