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Sendil sendil by: Young Sister Group
Sendil sendil by: Young Sister Group
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Vince Alimuddin
"Skyscraper" by Demi Lovato - cover by CIMORELLI
"Skyscraper" by Demi Lovato - cover by CIMORELLI
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: Cimorelli
씨스타(SISTAR) - 나혼자 Music Video (Alone)
씨스타(SISTAR) - 나혼자 Music Video (Alone)
Published: 2012/04/11
Channel: starshipTV
All about AKB48 sister groups!
All about AKB48 sister groups!
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: AKB48 SLOTHSSS
[MV] SISTAR(씨스타) _ TOUCH MY BODY(터치 마이 바디)
[MV] SISTAR(씨스타) _ TOUCH MY BODY(터치 마이 바디)
Published: 2014/07/21
Channel: 1theK (원더케이)
MUM48 {MUMBAI} NEXT SISTER GROUP AKB48
MUM48 {MUMBAI} NEXT SISTER GROUP AKB48
Published: 2017/12/27
Channel: Kambiing Senyum
Sparkle | Sister & The Sisters - Giving Him Something He Can Feel (HD)
Sparkle | Sister & The Sisters - Giving Him Something He Can Feel (HD)
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: Terrence Batiste
Shirley and Cynthia - Sister
Shirley and Cynthia - Sister's Final Act - THE X FACTOR USA 2013
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: The X Factor USA
Pengumuman Sister Group Baru [TPE48,MNL48,BNK48]
Pengumuman Sister Group Baru [TPE48,MNL48,BNK48]
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: Xxx 48
the sister group
the sister group
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Country Mulligan
yung sister gruop
yung sister gruop
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Jhuy anji
Train - Hey, Soul Sister
Train - Hey, Soul Sister
Published: 2009/11/14
Channel: TrainVEVO
X - Factor USA 2012 - Group Sister C - Judges House
X - Factor USA 2012 - Group Sister C - Judges House
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: Julia Phillips
MY SISTER TOOK MY BOYFRIEND IN ROBLOX
MY SISTER TOOK MY BOYFRIEND IN ROBLOX
Published: 2018/01/15
Channel: VuxVux
"Torque" Boyz of Poison sister group
"Torque" Boyz of Poison sister group
Published: 2006/10/25
Channel: makeuwet68
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Ciara Mulligan
JKT48 Concert with 48 Sister Group _HD
JKT48 Concert with 48 Sister Group _HD
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: My Isika
Sis n Bro, Crazy Teens - Sister Dee Group, LA
Sis n Bro, Crazy Teens - Sister Dee Group, LA
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: SisnBroFamily
Storytime| "The Sister Group"
Storytime| "The Sister Group"
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: That's so Arianne
Young sister group planting rice by merjelyn
Young sister group planting rice by merjelyn
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Vince Alimuddin
Brother and Sister group with mom on the drums!!
Brother and Sister group with mom on the drums!!
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Eric Dickinson
Unnies meeting the Legendary Girl group [Sister
Unnies meeting the Legendary Girl group [Sister's Slam Dunk/2016.09.23]
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: KBS World TV
Girlgroups are different! Somi learns the dance in just 5 minutes [Sister
Girlgroups are different! Somi learns the dance in just 5 minutes [Sister's SlamDunk2 / 2017.03.31]
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: KBS World TV
brother and sister group
brother and sister group
Published: 2007/09/14
Channel: brimaddylan
18. OUR SISTER TALKS GROWING UP WITH US!
18. OUR SISTER TALKS GROWING UP WITH US!
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Group Chat
R&B Group Day26 | Sister Circle Live
R&B Group Day26 | Sister Circle Live
Published: 2017/12/14
Channel: Sister Circle Live
Meeting a senior girlgroup [Sister
Meeting a senior girlgroup [Sister's SlamDunk/2016.08.12]
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: KBS World TV
Hyorin tries again as a girl group- Casting the producer [Sister
Hyorin tries again as a girl group- Casting the producer [Sister's SlamDunk/2016.08.05]
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: KBS World TV
Interview with BNK48, Bangkok-based sister group of Japanese pop phenomenon AKB48
Interview with BNK48, Bangkok-based sister group of Japanese pop phenomenon AKB48
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: BNK Video
Girls group dance | sister
Girls group dance | sister's wedding | sangeet function
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: Antima Chauhan
Unnies try out for TWICE, AOA, Girl
Unnies try out for TWICE, AOA, Girl's Day outfits! [Sister's SlamDunk2 / 2017.04.28]
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: KBS World TV
All Brother & Sister group   3
All Brother & Sister group 3
Published: 2014/06/18
Channel: marsh0517
Dieting is a must for girlgroups! But Unnies keep eating [Sister
Dieting is a must for girlgroups! But Unnies keep eating [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.04.14]
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: KBS World TV
My Sister Syria Trailer
My Sister Syria Trailer
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: American Drama Group Europe
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: Peter Mulligan
Young sister medley song sangbayan..
Young sister medley song sangbayan..
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: Albiedar Muraji
4th IMPACT Xfactor Audtion Reaction// CRAZIEST SISTER SINGING GROUP
4th IMPACT Xfactor Audtion Reaction// CRAZIEST SISTER SINGING GROUP
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Adrian Ortiz
NEW AKB SISTER GROUP! NISHINO NANASE IN AKB48 PROJECT - 48/46 Weekly News
NEW AKB SISTER GROUP! NISHINO NANASE IN AKB48 PROJECT - 48/46 Weekly News
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: JoshBox
Sponges revealed as sister-group to all other animals
Sponges revealed as sister-group to all other animals
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: University of Bristol
Pinga | Bajirao Mastani | Full Video | Dance Performance | My Sister
Pinga | Bajirao Mastani | Full Video | Dance Performance | My Sister's Group | Natak Maxixe | 2016
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Tejol Vipin
2017 Water Festival (Buffalo) (37) ဘတ္ဖလိုး Forever Sister Group ရဲ႕ ေစာလားထူး၀ါး သီခ်င္းနဲ႕အက
2017 Water Festival (Buffalo) (37) ဘတ္ဖလိုး Forever Sister Group ရဲ႕ ေစာလားထူး၀ါး သီခ်င္းနဲ႕အက
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: W Y
Sis n Bro Beginners Centre, Sister D. Group
Sis n Bro Beginners Centre, Sister D. Group
Published: 2014/01/06
Channel: SisnBroFamily
sister group dance 1/30/13
sister group dance 1/30/13
Published: 2013/01/29
Channel: shin hsieh
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: Peter Mulligan
Five Nights at Freddy
Five Nights at Freddy's: Sister Location (Trailer 1) Reaction
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Ecomog Media Group
Bad Sister - Trailer
Bad Sister - Trailer
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: Johnson Production Group
Mental clinic for girl group
Mental clinic for girl group's training course [Sister's Slam Dunk/2016.09.16]
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: KBS World TV
160719 Wanna B
160719 Wanna B's Linah says her sister Girl's Day's Minah initially opposed her girl group debut
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Artists news KFK
Funny group 《 sister n young brother
Funny group 《 sister n young brother
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Zhang Leiann
Sister of man killed crossing the street blames group home
Sister of man killed crossing the street blames group home
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: kxan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sister taxon)
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A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.[1] The expression is most easily illustrated by a cladogram: A, B, and C each represent a taxon:



         

  A



  B



         

  C



The sister group to A is B; conversely, the sister group to B is A. Groups A and B, together with all other descendants of their most recent common ancestor, form the clade AB. The sister group to clade AB is C.

The whole clade ABC is itself a subtree of a larger tree, which offers yet more sister group branches that are related but farther removed from the leaf nodes, such as A, B, and C.

In cladistic standards, A, B, and C may represent specimens, species, taxon-groups, etc. If they represent species, the term sister species is sometimes used.

The term "sister group" is used in phylogenetic analysis, and only groups identified in the analysis are labeled as sister groups. An example is in birds, whose sister group is commonly cited as the crocodiles, but that is true only when dealing with extant taxa.[2][3] The bird family tree is rooted in the dinosaurs, making for a number of extinct groups branching off before coming to the last common ancestor of birds and crocodiles.[4] Thus, the term sister group must be seen as a relative term, with the caveat that the sister group is the closest relative only among the groups/species/specimens that are included in the analysis.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eernisse, D.J. "Introduction to Phylogeny: What is a Sister Taxon?". Biology 404 - Evolution. Department of Biological Science, California State University, Fullerton. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Padian, Kevin; Lindberg, David R.; Polly, Paul David (1 May 1994). "Cladistics and the Fossil Record: The Uses of History". Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 22 (1): 63–89. doi:10.1146/annurev.ea.22.050194.000431. 
  3. ^ Kemp, T.S. (1 January 1988). "Haemothermia or Archosauria? The interrelationships of mammals, birds and crocodiles". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 92 (1): 67–104. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1988.tb01527.x. 
  4. ^ Hughes, J.M. "Ancient bird-crocdilian ancestor uncovered". AVES VITAE - The lives of birds. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Podani, J. (2010). "Taxonomy in Evolutionary Perspective - An essay on the relationships between taxonomy and evolutionary theory". Synbiologia Hungarica. 5: 1–42. 

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