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"Skyscraper" by Demi Lovato - cover by CIMORELLI
"Skyscraper" by Demi Lovato - cover by CIMORELLI
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: Cimorelli
씨스타(SISTAR) - 나혼자 Music Video (Alone)
씨스타(SISTAR) - 나혼자 Music Video (Alone)
Published: 2012/04/11
Channel: starshipTV
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: Peter Mulligan
The sister group
The sister group
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: Peter Mulligan
the sister group
the sister group
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Country Mulligan
Sparkle | Sister & The Sisters - Giving Him Something He Can Feel (HD)
Sparkle | Sister & The Sisters - Giving Him Something He Can Feel (HD)
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: Terrence Batiste
X - Factor USA 2012 - Group Sister C - Judges House
X - Factor USA 2012 - Group Sister C - Judges House
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: Julia Phillips
I
I've been scaring my sister for over a year
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: CONTENTbible
Joni Sledge of Sister Sledge dies
Joni Sledge of Sister Sledge dies
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: CNN
4th Power raise the roof with Jessie J hit | Auditions Week 1 | The X Factor UK 2015
4th Power raise the roof with Jessie J hit | Auditions Week 1 | The X Factor UK 2015
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: The X Factor UK
18. OUR SISTER TALKS GROWING UP WITH US!
18. OUR SISTER TALKS GROWING UP WITH US!
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Group Chat
Bad Sister - Trailer
Bad Sister - Trailer
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: Johnson Production Group
Train - Hey, Soul Sister
Train - Hey, Soul Sister
Published: 2009/11/14
Channel: TrainVEVO
Shirley and Cynthia - Sister
Shirley and Cynthia - Sister's Final Act - THE X FACTOR USA 2013
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: The X Factor USA
MBS AKB48 Sister Group JKT48
MBS AKB48 Sister Group JKT48
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Noo-na Yuri48
Brother and Sister group with mom on the drums!!
Brother and Sister group with mom on the drums!!
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Eric Dickinson
Girlgroups are different! Somi learns the dance in just 5 minutes [Sister
Girlgroups are different! Somi learns the dance in just 5 minutes [Sister's SlamDunk2 / 2017.03.31]
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: KBS World TV
Sisters (Many sister groups from the school)
Sisters (Many sister groups from the school)
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Tadmore Elementary
Pengumuman Sister Group Baru [TPE48,MNL48,BNK48]
Pengumuman Sister Group Baru [TPE48,MNL48,BNK48]
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: Xxx 48
Girls group dance | sister
Girls group dance | sister's wedding | sangeet function
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: Antima Chauhan
Meeting a senior girlgroup [Sister
Meeting a senior girlgroup [Sister's SlamDunk/2016.08.12]
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: KBS World TV
Pinga | Bajirao Mastani | Full Video | Dance Performance | My Sister
Pinga | Bajirao Mastani | Full Video | Dance Performance | My Sister's Group | Natak Maxixe | 2016
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Tejol Vipin
Sis n Bro Main Group- Sister Dee
Sis n Bro Main Group- Sister Dee
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: SisnBroFamily
Twin Sister Group "Scriptures" Perform live acapella "Break The Curse"
Twin Sister Group "Scriptures" Perform live acapella "Break The Curse"
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: JAMBOX Entertainment Studios
Unnies try out for TWICE, AOA, Girl
Unnies try out for TWICE, AOA, Girl's Day outfits! [Sister's SlamDunk2 / 2017.04.28]
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: KBS World TV
Unnies meeting the Legendary Girl group [Sister
Unnies meeting the Legendary Girl group [Sister's Slam Dunk/2016.09.23]
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: KBS World TV
NEW AKB SISTER GROUP! NISHINO NANASE IN AKB48 PROJECT - 48/46 Weekly News
NEW AKB SISTER GROUP! NISHINO NANASE IN AKB48 PROJECT - 48/46 Weekly News
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: JoshBox
Girl group fit challenge (feat.comedian Heo Kyung-hwan) [Sister
Girl group fit challenge (feat.comedian Heo Kyung-hwan) [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.03.03]
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: KBS World TV
Sister group
Sister group
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Rebecca Leathwood
#DanceMums S02E04 - FULL DANCE Group
#DanceMums S02E04 - FULL DANCE Group 'Cry Little Sister' | Lifetime UK
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: Lifetime UK
160719 Wanna B
160719 Wanna B's Linah says her sister Girl's Day's Minah initially opposed her girl group debut
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Artists news KFK
Huntsville Rapist Bed Intruder Song by the Dannemann Brother Sister Group
Huntsville Rapist Bed Intruder Song by the Dannemann Brother Sister Group
Published: 2010/08/08
Channel: dianapage1
70. MY SISTER WAS POSSESSED! Ft. Zach Piona & Wahlid Mohammad
70. MY SISTER WAS POSSESSED! Ft. Zach Piona & Wahlid Mohammad
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Group Chat
TS4 - Speed Build - Hocus Pocus Sister
TS4 - Speed Build - Hocus Pocus Sister's House - Spooky Group Collab
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: ambrjet
SisnBro
SisnBro 'Rising Stars' - Sister D. Group
Published: 2013/12/30
Channel: SisnBroFamily
Funny group 《 sister n young brother
Funny group 《 sister n young brother
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Zhang Leiann
Akash Mandal Dance ASR Sister
Akash Mandal Dance ASR Sister's Group
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: Anuj Patil
SIS N BRO - Main Group  -Sister Dee - Open Air Fest
SIS N BRO - Main Group -Sister Dee - Open Air Fest
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: SisnBroFamily
group dance on sister
group dance on sister's bangle ceremony
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: dr daljeet kaur
Brother And Sister Group THE RUA Jonathan, Roseanna & Alanna Interview
Brother And Sister Group THE RUA Jonathan, Roseanna & Alanna Interview
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: Celebrity Radio by Alex Belfield
Alkaline sister Kimona voice note leaked From Group Chat  (june 5)
Alkaline sister Kimona voice note leaked From Group Chat (june 5)
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: DJ KEMMO
Dieting is a must for girlgroups! But Unnies keep eating [Sister
Dieting is a must for girlgroups! But Unnies keep eating [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.04.14]
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: KBS World TV
Sis n Bro Beginners Centre, Sister D. Group
Sis n Bro Beginners Centre, Sister D. Group
Published: 2014/01/06
Channel: SisnBroFamily
I did Jessica
I did Jessica's makeup|sister group ep.4
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Jewels36 Diamond2
I did Maddie
I did Maddie's makeup|sister group makeup episode 2 part 2
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Jewels36 Diamond2
[MV] 씨스타(SISTAR) - LONELY
[MV] 씨스타(SISTAR) - LONELY
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: starshipTV
Hyorin tries again as a girl group- Casting the producer [Sister
Hyorin tries again as a girl group- Casting the producer [Sister's SlamDunk/2016.08.05]
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: KBS World TV
SIS N BRO!  Sister Dee Group Summer!  Sak Noel - Trumpets
SIS N BRO! Sister Dee Group Summer! Sak Noel - Trumpets
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: SisnBroFamily
2013 Summer School of the Truth _9th Grade Sister
2013 Summer School of the Truth _9th Grade Sister's Group
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: Ark Builder
Unit group of Unnies gets casted for
Unit group of Unnies gets casted for 'Immortal Songs' [Sister's Slam Dunk Season2 / 2017.04.14]
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: KBS World TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sister taxon)
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A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.[1] The expression is most easily illustrated by a cladogram: A, B, and C each represent a taxon:




A



B




C



The sister group to A is B; conversely, the sister group to B is A. Groups A and B, together with all other descendants of their most recent common ancestor, form the clade AB. The sister group to clade AB is C.

The whole clade ABC is itself a subtree of a larger tree, which offers yet more sister group branches that are related but farther removed from the leaf nodes, such as A, B, and C.

In cladistic standards, A, B, and C may represent specimens, species, taxon-groups, etc. If they represent species, the term sister species is sometimes used.

The term "sister group" is used in phylogenetic analysis, and only groups identified in the analysis are labeled as sister groups. An example is in birds, whose sister group is commonly cited as the crocodiles, but that is true only when dealing with extant taxa.[2][3] The bird family tree is rooted in the dinosaurs, making for a number of extinct groups branching off before coming to the last common ancestor of birds and crocodiles.[4] Thus, the term sister group must be seen as a relative term, with the caveat that the sister group is the closest relative only among the groups/species/specimens that are included in the analysis.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eernisse, D.J. "Introduction to Phylogeny: What is a Sister Taxon?". Biology 404 - Evolution. Department of Biological Science, California State University, Fullerton. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Padian, Kevin; Lindberg, David R.; Polly, Paul David (1 May 1994). "Cladistics and the Fossil Record: The Uses of History". Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 22 (1): 63–89. doi:10.1146/annurev.ea.22.050194.000431. 
  3. ^ Kemp, T.S. (1 January 1988). "Haemothermia or Archosauria? The interrelationships of mammals, birds and crocodiles". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 92 (1): 67–104. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1988.tb01527.x. 
  4. ^ Hughes, J.M. "Ancient bird-crocdilian ancestor uncovered". AVES VITAE - The lives of birds. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Podani, J. (2010). "Taxonomy in Evolutionary Perspective - An essay on the relationships between taxonomy and evolutionary theory". Synbiologia Hungarica. 5: 1–42. 

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