1
IHM Sisters
IHM Sisters' History for Young People (A Journey of Love)
DATE: 2015/01/18::
2
IHM Sisters Proclaiming the Gospel Message (How Beautiful)
IHM Sisters Proclaiming the Gospel Message (How Beautiful)
DATE: 2015/01/18::
3
Leaven of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Vocation Video
Leaven of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Vocation Video
DATE: 2014/11/16::
4
Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Interview
Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Interview
DATE: 2010/05/24::
5
Feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Celebration 2014
Feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Celebration 2014
DATE: 2014/06/27::
6
Close to Home 2013
Close to Home 2013
DATE: 2014/03/25::
7
Eiki Sisu Tokoni mai - Young Angels of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
Eiki Sisu Tokoni mai - Young Angels of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
DATE: 2012/08/27::
8
CSJ Albany Sisters from Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish, Watervliet, NY
CSJ Albany Sisters from Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish, Watervliet, NY
DATE: 2015/04/24::
9
Tribute to 2011 Presidential Medalist IHM Sisters of Peru
Tribute to 2011 Presidential Medalist IHM Sisters of Peru
DATE: 2011/11/18::
10
Leaven of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (LIHM) Christmas Carol Medley
Leaven of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (LIHM) Christmas Carol Medley
DATE: 2012/12/16::
11
The Leaving of Boston
The Leaving of Boston
DATE: 2015/03/15::
12
Your questions. IHM Sisters respond.
Your questions. IHM Sisters respond.
DATE: 2009/01/28::
13
IHM Nun Run
IHM Nun Run
DATE: 2015/05/26::
14
Why I Am Professing Vows as an IHM Sister
Why I Am Professing Vows as an IHM Sister
DATE: 2008/05/07::
15
IHM Sisters in Peru, 1922
IHM Sisters in Peru, 1922
DATE: 2012/12/12::
16
Sister Angie from Holy Cross/Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish
Sister Angie from Holy Cross/Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish
DATE: 2011/12/07::
17
Fr. Gruner: The Promise: Mary
Fr. Gruner: The Promise: Mary's Immaculate Heart Will Triumph
DATE: 2015/02/22::
18
Sr. Sharon Holland, IHM
Sr. Sharon Holland, IHM
DATE: 2014/12/16::
19
Sister Marie of the Slaves of the Immaculate Heart.AVI
Sister Marie of the Slaves of the Immaculate Heart.AVI
DATE: 2011/04/14::
20
IHM Mission Statement
IHM Mission Statement
DATE: 2015/01/20::
21
Katy Perry battles nuns over sale of former Los Angeles
Katy Perry battles nuns over sale of former Los Angeles
DATE: 2015/06/29::
22
Your Questions. IHM Sisters respond.
Your Questions. IHM Sisters respond.
DATE: 2008/12/02::
23
Katy Perry Battles Nuns To Buy Los Angeles Convent!
Katy Perry Battles Nuns To Buy Los Angeles Convent!
DATE: 2015/06/30::
24
Madonna Renewal Center Homecoming Parade
Madonna Renewal Center Homecoming Parade
DATE: 2014/10/04::
25
Destruction of the Catholic Chapel of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. city Ternopil. Ukraine.
Destruction of the Catholic Chapel of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. city Ternopil. Ukraine.
DATE: 2013/04/23::
26
08.10.2011. Part 12. Catholic Chapel of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Place of Apparition
08.10.2011. Part 12. Catholic Chapel of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Place of Apparition
DATE: 2011/10/10::
27
Nuns: Sister Joyce Durosko, IHM
Nuns: Sister Joyce Durosko, IHM
DATE: 2010/04/07::
28
Pre-Renovation Tour of the Madonna Renewal Center
Pre-Renovation Tour of the Madonna Renewal Center
DATE: 2014/11/09::
29
Your questions. IHM Sisters respond.
Your questions. IHM Sisters respond.
DATE: 2008/11/07::
30
Sister Katherine
Sister Katherine's Profession of Vows
DATE: 2008/05/08::
31
We Are ... God
We Are ... God's Family!
DATE: 2015/06/11::
32
May the Good Lord Bless and Keep You
May the Good Lord Bless and Keep You
DATE: 2013/05/15::
33
Sister Corita: Let The Sun Shine In. Retrospective at Circle Culture Gallery, Berlin
Sister Corita: Let The Sun Shine In. Retrospective at Circle Culture Gallery, Berlin
DATE: 2014/02/23::
34
Sr. Julie Vieira IHM
Sr. Julie Vieira IHM
DATE: 2009/08/09::
35
Saint Mary
Saint Mary's School
DATE: 2011/08/13::
36
IHM
IHM's Accept the ALS Challenge!
DATE: 2014/08/13::
37
Invitation to the Daughters of Mary of Nazareth beginning
Invitation to the Daughters of Mary of Nazareth beginning
DATE: 2011/12/01::
38
Sister Act - Hail Holy Queen
Sister Act - Hail Holy Queen
DATE: 2010/07/31::
39
Happy 100th  Anniversary Villa Maria at Immaculata University
Happy 100th Anniversary Villa Maria at Immaculata University
DATE: 2015/01/20::
40
A Bold Heart: The Centennial Campaign for Marywood University
A Bold Heart: The Centennial Campaign for Marywood University
DATE: 2013/10/17::
41
Joy of Religious Life - 1 of 3
Joy of Religious Life - 1 of 3
DATE: 2009/04/26::
42
Close to Home 2013 part II
Close to Home 2013 part II
DATE: 2014/03/25::
43
Leaving of Boston 2015
Leaving of Boston 2015
DATE: 2015/03/15::
44
Katy Perry battles nuns over sale of former LA convent
Katy Perry battles nuns over sale of former LA convent
DATE: 2015/07/01::
45
Montfort 2013
Montfort 2013
DATE: 2014/01/27::
46
A Bold Heart: Center for Architectural Studies
A Bold Heart: Center for Architectural Studies
DATE: 2013/10/17::
47
Graduate Commencement Ceremony, May 31, 2014
Graduate Commencement Ceremony, May 31, 2014
DATE: 2014/06/04::
48
Saints and Iconography 5: The Process of Writing an Icon
Saints and Iconography 5: The Process of Writing an Icon
DATE: 2011/11/02::
49
Terra Santa News (en) 31/12/2010
Terra Santa News (en) 31/12/2010
DATE: 2011/01/01::
50
Saints and Iconography 7: Symbols in the Holy Trinity icon
Saints and Iconography 7: Symbols in the Holy Trinity icon
DATE: 2011/11/02::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the Catholic religious institute in Michigan and Pennsylvania, see Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

The Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (IHM) (founded as the Daughters of the Most Holy and Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary[1]) are a Catholic teaching religious institute for women.

The institute was originally founded in Spain in 1848 by Father Joachim Masmitjá as a means of rebuilding society through the education of young women.[2] A separate entity was founded in Los Angeles, California in 1871, and formally established in 1924.

Founding[edit]

In 1869, Father Masmitja's friend the Bishop of Monterey, California was visiting Spain.[3] At that time, the bishop, Thaddeus Amat y Brusi, asked for some of the sisters to come to California. Two years later, with Father Masmitja's approval, Mother Raimunda led nine others to the new California mission. The Sisters established two houses, one in Gilroy and the other in San Juan. Very soon, the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart were teaching in several schools in different parts of California. The Sisters inaugurated a third house in San Luis Obispo (1876), a fourth house in San Bernardino (1880), and finally the last house during the life of Founder, Fr. Joaquin Masmitja was established in Los Angeles (1886).[4]

Work in California[edit]

Once established in California, the sisters set to work administering existing and building new schools as well as administering orphanages. Mother Raimunda served as the provincial of the California sisters until her death in 1900. By 1906, the sisters were able to build their own motherhouse.[5] Also in the early twentieth century, the sisters began looking to separate from the Spanish parent institute.[6]

After several decades of ongoing negotiations and the help of Bishop John Cantwell of Los Angeles, the separation was completed in 1924 and Mother Genevieve was elected the first mother-general.

Vatican II & California[edit]

During the late 1960s, in the wake of the Second Vatican Council and its call for renewal of religious life, the IHM Sisters took part in an experiment led by the psychologist Carl Rogers (associated with the Esalen Institute) who was promoting the 'encounter group', or what Abraham Maslow had referred to as 'Psychology Three.' In such encounter groups, under the direction of a facilitator, participants were encouraged to unmask their real feelings as they interacted with the other group participants.

The first trial experiment was held in 1966. With its apparent success, the experiment was begun en masse in 1967, with all the sisters and the schools they ran in the Los Angeles Archdiocese participating. These experiments took place in a general environment where already many Catholic religious institutes of women elected to discard habits, formally organized community life, and most other attributes of an organized religious congregation to better serve contemporary society. The encounter groups facilitated such changes in the IHMs community.

Archbishop James Cardinal McIntyre of Los Angeles, disregarding the Second Vatican Council, insisted that if the IHM Sisters were to continue teaching in the schools of the archdiocese, they would have to maintain a number of rules he believed were essential to female community life. The sisters, in turn, objected to the Archbishop dictating their attire, bedtimes, and hours of prayer.[7][8] The Vatican congregation that oversaw religious life refused to intervene for the IHM Sisters.

Immaculate Heart Community[edit]

Then-superior Anita Caspary remained firm in implementing the reforms, and on 1 February 1970 roughly ninety percent of the IHM Sisters followed Caspary and were subsequently dispensed from their vows.[8][9] They went on to form a non-canonical group that admits both men and women known as the Immaculate Heart Community.[10]

An ensuing property settlement left remaining IHM sisters with certain properties, while those dispensed obtained control of Immaculate Heart College and Immaculate Heart High School in Los Angeles. Virtually no IHM sisters remained in teaching positions in the LA archdiocese's vast parochial school system, forefront of the exodus of religious that was soon to affect the nation's entire Roman Catholic school system.

After failed attempts to resolve differences with those remaining in the congregation and the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, some formed a group that relocated to the Diocese of Wichita in Kansas.[9] These IHM sisters remain active, as does the small congregation in California.

Work in Arizona[edit]

In 1911, five sisters from Spain and two from California were sent to start a school in Mazatlán, Mexico.[11] Six years later, in 1917, the sisters were forced to leave due to the Mexican Revolution. During a stop in their journey back to California, Bishop Henry Granjon of Tucson, Arizona invited the sisters to stay and they accepted. From there, they began building schools and accepting postulants.

Due to growth over time, in 1946 the sisters in Arizona became the Province of Saint Joseph. In 1947 the Novitiate moved to Sabino Canyon Road, at the foothills of the Santa Catalina Mountains outside Tucson. In 1987 Bishop Manuel Moreno asked the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary to have Latin Mass celebrated in their chapel at Sabino Canyon, which continued until 2005

These IHM sisters remain active in both Arizona and Florida.[12]

Facilities[edit]

The headquarters of the Immaculate Heart Community are located 5515 Franklin Avenue near Western Avenue, in the Los Feliz district of Los Angeles.

Immaculate Heart Blythe Street serves the San Fernando Valley, located in Panorama City, Los Angeles.

The Center for Spiritual Renewal, on 26 acres in Montecito, California, has been a place of prayer, spiritual growth, and personal renewal for the Immaculate Heart Community since 1943.[13] It was also the hub of activity for the Novitiate for many years.[14]

Convent[edit]

The Convent of the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary was located in the Los Feliz district of Los Angeles, sharing the former Earle C. Anthony estate with the Cardinal Timothy Manning House of Prayer for Priests. Designed by Bernard Maybeck in 1927, the mansion was remodeled and enlarged in the mid-1990s. Both facilities were closed by the Archdiocese in 2011. Disputes of ownership between the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles gained media attention when Katy Perry attempted to purchase the estate in 2015, with plans to restore it to a private mansion.[15] [16][17][18][19]

Educational institutions[edit]

California
Arizona

Notable sisters[edit]

  • Sister Corita Kent — renowned artist and reform activist.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Immaculate Heart Community - IHM History - 1848". Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  2. ^ "History - Sisters of the IHM of Wichita". Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Immaculate Heart Community - IHM History - 1871". Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  4. ^ Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary: Timeline
  5. ^ "Immaculate Heart Community - IHM History - 1906". Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Immaculate Heart Community - IHM History - 1924". Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  7. ^ Vitello, Paul (October 18, 2011). "Anita Caspary, 95, Nun Who Led Breakaway From Church, Dies". The New York Times. 
  8. ^ a b "Religion: The Immaculate Heart Rebels". Time. February 16, 1970. pp. 1–2. Retrieved September 25, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "Tribute: Mother M. Joanne Brummel, IHM, Sister M. Eileen MacDonald, IHM, and Sister M. Giovanni Oliveri, IHM" (DOC). Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary of Wichita. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  10. ^ Immaculate Heart Community
  11. ^ "Timeline - Sisters of the IHM (Arizona)". Retrieved September 25, 2010. 
  12. ^ Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Arizona, Florida)
  13. ^ Immaculate Heart Center for Spiritual Renewal website (Montecito, California).
  14. ^ Immaculate Heart Community.org: History
  15. ^ Washington Post: "These nuns want Katy Perry to keep her hands off their old convent" (Convent of the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary); 29 June 2015.
  16. ^ Michael Locke @ Flickr: Earle C. Anthony House—Convent of the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, architect Bernard Maybeck (1927), info + image #1.
  17. ^ Michael Locke @ Flickr: Convent image #2
  18. ^ Michael Locke @ Flickr: Convent image #3
  19. ^ LA Curbed: "Katy Perry and Elderly Nuns Fighting For Control Of Spectacular Los Feliz Convent" (Convent of the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary); 29 June 2015.
  20. ^ Immaculateheart.org: Immaculate Heart High School website

External links[edit]

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