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CBS Evening News with Scott Pelley - Inside look into Federal Air Marshal training
CBS Evening News with Scott Pelley - Inside look into Federal Air Marshal training
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: CBS News
Marshal: Flight Suspect Tried To Open Cockpit Door
Marshal: Flight Suspect Tried To Open Cockpit Door
Published: 2011/05/10
Channel: VIN Vid
Inside Look: Federal Air Marshal Service
Inside Look: Federal Air Marshal Service
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: TSA
Korth Sky Marshal 9mm Revolver with Picantinny Rail
Korth Sky Marshal 9mm Revolver with Picantinny Rail
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: firearmsguide
Paw Patrol Toys Unboxing Adventure Bay Railway Playset With Rubble Sky Marshal Chase Ckn Toy
Paw Patrol Toys Unboxing Adventure Bay Railway Playset With Rubble Sky Marshal Chase Ckn Toy
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: nhat minh
Marshall (from PAW Patrol) in action (hall of fame)
Marshall (from PAW Patrol) in action (hall of fame)
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: Aldo Pratama
Federal Air Marshal Pistol Qualification (pre 9/11)
Federal Air Marshal Pistol Qualification (pre 9/11)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: CromConsultants
Roblox Gameplay Commentary - Sky Marshal!
Roblox Gameplay Commentary - Sky Marshal!
Published: 2014/04/07
Channel: dhluigi421
Hidden in Plain Sight - US Air Marshal Training
Hidden in Plain Sight - US Air Marshal Training
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Dominick Lee
Roblox Sky Marshal [Episode 1] HOW TO PLAY?
Roblox Sky Marshal [Episode 1] HOW TO PLAY?
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: teamsqued
Sky Marshal from Korth
Sky Marshal from Korth
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: hippo939
Angry pilot kicks air marshal off flight for complaining about spilled drinks - TomoNews
Angry pilot kicks air marshal off flight for complaining about spilled drinks - TomoNews
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: TomoNews US
Korth Sky Marshal 9 mm Luger revolver 1. rész
Korth Sky Marshal 9 mm Luger revolver 1. rész
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: fegyvervideodirex
Paw Patrol Episode - Nick Jr - Sky, Marshal, Zumma and etc.
Paw Patrol Episode - Nick Jr - Sky, Marshal, Zumma and etc.
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Ellen Channel
Federal Air Marshal Qualification Drill with Sig 220
Federal Air Marshal Qualification Drill with Sig 220
Published: 2011/04/08
Channel: Darkwood Personal Defense
Non-Stop Official Trailer #1 (2014) - Liam Neeson Thriller HD
Non-Stop Official Trailer #1 (2014) - Liam Neeson Thriller HD
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Movieclips Trailers
Commando Cody - Sky Marshal of the Universe
Commando Cody - Sky Marshal of the Universe
Published: 2014/07/30
Channel: Samuel Cernuto
L. Marshall - Castles ft. Little Nikki
L. Marshall - Castles ft. Little Nikki
Published: 2012/11/19
Channel: LMarshallVEVO
Korth Sky Marshal 9x19 mm revolver 2. rész
Korth Sky Marshal 9x19 mm revolver 2. rész
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: fegyvervideodirex
US air marshalls training
US air marshalls training
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Korth   Sky Marshal pistol
Korth Sky Marshal pistol
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: Technics viewer
Shooting the Korth Sky Marshal
Shooting the Korth Sky Marshal
Published: 2015/01/24
Channel: ThinBlueFlorida
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 1.Enemies of the Universe
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 1.Enemies of the Universe
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Charity Reiko
Sky Marshal 9mm Luger by Korth Waffen New at Shot Show
Sky Marshal 9mm Luger by Korth Waffen New at Shot Show
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: Spookybacon
Israeli Sky Marshals
Israeli Sky Marshals
Published: 2008/10/19
Channel: The Aviation Intelligencer
Non-Stop Trailer 2014 Liam Neeson Movie - Official [HD]
Non-Stop Trailer 2014 Liam Neeson Movie - Official [HD]
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: StreamingTrailer
Air Marshal Managers Publicly Disclose Secret Tactics #4
Air Marshal Managers Publicly Disclose Secret Tactics #4
Published: 2008/02/21
Channel: The Aviation Intelligencer
Air Marshal Managers Publicly Disclose Secret Tactics #1
Air Marshal Managers Publicly Disclose Secret Tactics #1
Published: 2008/05/01
Channel: The Aviation Intelligencer
Bridesmaids #5 Movie CLIP - Air Marshal Style (2011) HD
Bridesmaids #5 Movie CLIP - Air Marshal Style (2011) HD
Published: 2011/06/23
Channel: Movieclips
Sky Marshal Omar Anoke Death - Starship Troopers 3
Sky Marshal Omar Anoke Death - Starship Troopers 3
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: DaranahGamer
Korth Sky Marshal im Test: Was macht den kompakten Revolver aus?
Korth Sky Marshal im Test: Was macht den kompakten Revolver aus?
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: all4shooters.de
ABURI by sky marshals
ABURI by sky marshals
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Juno Onero
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 2.Atomic Peril
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 2.Atomic Peril
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Charity Reiko
Korth Sky Marshal 9mmR Review
Korth Sky Marshal 9mmR Review
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: blue1980
Sleep-deprived, medicated, suicidal and armed: Federal ai...
Sleep-deprived, medicated, suicidal and armed: Federal ai...
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: CNN
Korth Sky Marshal in 9 mm Para / Luger
Korth Sky Marshal in 9 mm Para / Luger
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Korth Arms
ROBLOX: Sky Marshal
ROBLOX: Sky Marshal
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Redstone Bone
Revolver Korth Sky Marshall
Revolver Korth Sky Marshall
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: All4shooters Italiano
Inside look into Federal Air Marshal training
Inside look into Federal Air Marshal training
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: CBS
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.1, Enemies Of The Universe
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.1, Enemies Of The Universe
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Ted Nelson
Korth Sky Marshal 9mm Knall Mini Vid
Korth Sky Marshal 9mm Knall Mini Vid
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: quickmic - free weapon channel
FAA Air Marshal Pistol Drill DVD Excerpt
FAA Air Marshal Pistol Drill DVD Excerpt
Published: 2008/04/30
Channel: GunVideo
Air Marshal Course. UNITED KRAV MAGA World Organisation, Ostrava 2013
Air Marshal Course. UNITED KRAV MAGA World Organisation, Ostrava 2013
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: Darek W
Korth Sky Marshal im Test: Was kann der kleine 9 mm Korth Revolver?
Korth Sky Marshal im Test: Was kann der kleine 9 mm Korth Revolver?
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: all4shooters.de
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.4, Nightmare Typhoon
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.4, Nightmare Typhoon
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Ted Nelson
Starship Troopers 3 Marauder skymarshall Omar Anoke speech
Starship Troopers 3 Marauder skymarshall Omar Anoke speech
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: vololoo
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 7. "Robot Monster from Mars"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 7. "Robot Monster from Mars"
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Dafydd Dyar
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.8, The Hydrogen Hurricane
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.8, The Hydrogen Hurricane
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Ted Nelson
Sky Marshal! - Grand Theft Auto V is AWESOME! - Part 8
Sky Marshal! - Grand Theft Auto V is AWESOME! - Part 8
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: farfromsubtle
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.5 War Of The Space Giants
Commando Cody, Sky Marshal Of The Universe - Ep.5 War Of The Space Giants
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Ted Nelson
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A sky marshal (also known as air marshal, flight marshal, or, in the United States, FAM) is a covert law enforcement or counter terrorist agent on board a commercial aircraft to counter aircraft hijackings. Sky marshals may be provided by airlines such as El Al (who provide sky marshals on every flight), or by government agencies such as the Austrian Einsatzkommando Cobra, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, German Federal Police, National Security Guard in India, Metropolitan Police SO18 (Aviation Security Operational Command Unit), Pakistan Airports Security Force or US Federal Air Marshal Service.

History[edit]

The history of in-flight security began in March of 1962 with the US Federal Aviation Administration-directed program to combat airplane hijackings. In that same year alone, there were numerous airplane hijackings (all happening one after another) in the USA that were planned with the ultimate aim to fly to Cuba. In response, the Federal Aviation Administration created the title of FAA Peace Officer. FAA Peace Officers were the first people to ever provide armed security onboard commercial aircraft. The original 18 In-Flight Security Officers, currently known worldwide as IFSOs, were the predecessor to all current in-flight security programs that exist today.[1]

Australia[edit]

In response to the September 11 incidents, the Commonwealth instituted an Air Security Officer (ASO) Program under the Australian Federal Police in December 2001.[2][3] These officers are generally referred to in the media as Sky Marshals.[4] The ASO Programme provides a discreet anti-hijacking capability for Australian civil aviation by providing armed security personnel on board aircraft.[3] This involves both random and intelligence-led placement of armed ASOs on flights operated by Australian registered air carriers, on both domestic and international flights.

Officers are armed and trained and equipped for a variety of situations on both domestic and international flights.[5][6]

Austria[edit]

In Austria, armed air marshals are provided since 1981 by the Einsatzkommando Cobra.

Canada[edit]

The Canadian Air Carrier Protection/Protective Program (CACPP) began on September 17, 2002 when a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Royal Canadian Mounted Police with Transport Canada, the authority responsible for Canadian aviation security, and the Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA), for the implementation and administration of the CACPP. The program is conducted by specially trained undercover, armed RCMP officers (known as Aircraft Protective Officers- APOs) on selected domestic and international flights and all flights to the Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport. Pilots and flight attendants are advised of their presence and the officer will physically intervene should an unauthorized person attempt to gain control of an aircraft.[7] APOs, however, will not be involved in controlling unruly passengers.[8] While they are peace officers within Canadian territories, they rely on section 6(2) of the Tokyo Convention as a legal basis for intervening an incident outside of Canadian airspace.[8] By law, such officers are exempt from acquiring a permit for importing or exporting their duty firearms when crossing the border.[9] However, the exact nature of their weaponry is not released to the public except they are "deadly and effective and should not damage the aircraft." [10] The Canadian Forces Military Police members of the Canadian Forces Air Marshal Detail, are responsible for providing security to Canadian Forces aircraft, crew and passengers – passengers who may include the governor general, the prime minister and members of the royal family.[11]

India[edit]

Months after the September 11 attacks, private operators like Jet Airways and Air Sahara introduced sky marshals in some of their flights and had plans to increase it.[needs update] Indian Airlines had previously started this in December 1999 after the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight 814.[12]

In 2003, Air India had an agreement with a US directive to have air marshals on all of its US-bound flights. They are recruited from India's elite commando force National Security Guard.[13]

Ireland[edit]

Ireland does not have a dedicated sky marshal agency, although there is a National Civil Aviation Security Committee (NCASC). Limited capabilities are provided by the Garda Síochána Emergency Response Unit (ERU), the national police armed tactical unit, and backup may be provided by the counter-terrorism Garda Special Detective Unit (SDU) and the Army Ranger Wing (ARW) special forces unit in certain situations.[14][15]

The Irish government allows armed flight marshals from the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Israel, Australia and specific European Union (EU) countries onboard international flights landing from or destined for those countries in Irish airspace, once they are informed of their presence beforehand. Weapons carried by an air marshal in Ireland include a concealed handgun, taser, knife and pepper spray.[16]

Pakistan[edit]

In Pakistan, armed sky marshals are deployed on all flights. Sky marshals are provided by Airports Security Force (ASF).

The ASF was established in 1976 under the Airports Security Force Act LXXVII of 1975 initially as the Directorate within the Department of Civil Aviation. After the hijacking of a Pakistan International Airlines aircraft in March 1981, sensing the contradictory requirements of security and facilitation, the Airports Security Force (ASF) was separated, and in December 1983, was placed under the folds of the Ministry of Defence.[17]

Singapore[edit]

Singapore Airlines and Silkair deploy sky marshals in their flights. Such members are armed with firearms loaded with special ammunition and dart-firing stun gun.

Members are usually from either the Air Marshal Unit, the Security Command or the Special Tactics and Rescue (STAR) of the Singapore Police Force. Members have undergone extensive training to enable them to operate effectively within the confines of an aircraft.

United Kingdom[edit]

Sky Marshals are rarely used on flights originating from the UK. Officers from The Metropolitan Police Service Aviation Security Operational Command Unit (SO18) are used on random flights, however details of the programme are not made public and the extent of their use is not widely known. For this reason their use is not heavily documented in the media.

United States[edit]

The US Federal Aviation Administration began its "Sky Marshal" program in 1968, which eventually became the FAA Federal Air Marshal Program in 1982; the program later became the Federal Air Marshal Service in January 2002 and after the handover of FAA security duties to the Transportation Security Administration.[1] In 2005, Rigoberto Alpizar was shot dead by two sky marshals on a jetway at Miami International Airport. Currently, Federal Air Marshal Officers are under the Transportation Security Administration. Under the Visible Intermodal Prevention Response (VIPR) system, started up circa 2005, FAMs began to patrol non-aviation sites like bus terminals and train stations.

Fictional references[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ "Air Security Officers: making our skies safe". Australian Federal Police (Platypus Magazine. July 2008. Retrieved June 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ a b "Budget 2002-2003: Counter Terrorism measures" (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. 2002. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  4. ^ "Cost row hits sky marshals". The Age. 2003-12-24. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  5. ^ "Air Security Officers". Afp.gov.au. Australian Federal Police. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  6. ^ "FREE Stories - Up in arms". SSAA. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  7. ^ Gazette magazine "The Canadian Air Carrier Protective Program"
  8. ^ a b APEC CACPP Presentation
  9. ^ SOR/2008-45: Export and Import Permits Act: Exemption Regulations (Persons) Archived 2012-03-21 at the Wayback Machine., Canada Gazette Part II, Vol. 142, No. 6
  10. ^ Proceedings of the Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence
  11. ^ Paule, Major (2010-01-27). "Military Police train for VIP... | Air Force Articles | News and Events - Air Force News | RCAF | DND/CF". Rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  12. ^ "Private airlines brace to meet hijack threats". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. 2001-10-11. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  13. ^ "A-I to comply with US norm". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. 2003-12-30. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  14. ^ O’Brien, Stephen (8 February 2004). "Brennan to reject US air marshal bid". The Sunday Times (Ireland). Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "Aer Lingus will comply with U.S. gun request". Irish Echo. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  16. ^ Cusack, Jim (24 November 2012). "Armed marshals likely on Irish planes". Irish Independent. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  17. ^ ASF Sky Marshalls: Proving themselves in a man's world, Express Tribune
  18. ^ "Flight attendants hope to ground 'Flightplan'". Today. 29 September 2005. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  19. ^ Chitwood, Adam (November 8, 2012). "First Synopsis for Director Jaume Collet-Serra’s NON-STOP Starring Liam Neeson". Collider.com. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 

External links[edit]

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