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Sky Marshal Response Mechanisms
Sky Marshal Response Mechanisms
DATE: 2014/01/31::
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Sky Marshal from Korth
Sky Marshal from Korth
DATE: 2015/01/28::
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Korth Sky Marshal in 9 mm Para / Luger
Korth Sky Marshal in 9 mm Para / Luger
DATE: 2015/01/15::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 1."Enemies of the Universe"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 1."Enemies of the Universe"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
5
Sky Marshal 9mm Luger by Korth Waffen New at Shot Show
Sky Marshal 9mm Luger by Korth Waffen New at Shot Show
DATE: 2015/02/12::
6
Korth - Sky Marshal revolver
Korth - Sky Marshal revolver
DATE: 2015/01/27::
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Marshal: Flight Suspect Tried To Open Cockpit Door
Marshal: Flight Suspect Tried To Open Cockpit Door
DATE: 2011/05/10::
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ROBLOX: Sky Marshal
ROBLOX: Sky Marshal
DATE: 2014/07/24::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 3."Cosmic Vengeance"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 3."Cosmic Vengeance"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 7. "Robot Monster from Mars"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 7. "Robot Monster from Mars"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Shooting the 9mm Para Korth Sky Marshal revolver and .45 ACP Korth PRS autopistol.
Shooting the 9mm Para Korth Sky Marshal revolver and .45 ACP Korth PRS autopistol.
DATE: 2015/01/19::
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Roblox Gameplay Commentary - Sky Marshal!
Roblox Gameplay Commentary - Sky Marshal!
DATE: 2014/04/06::
13
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 2."Atomic Peril"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 2."Atomic Peril"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
14
Commando Cody - Sky Marshal of the Universe
Commando Cody - Sky Marshal of the Universe
DATE: 2014/07/30::
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Roblox Sky Marshal [Episode 1] HOW TO PLAY?
Roblox Sky Marshal [Episode 1] HOW TO PLAY?
DATE: 2014/03/30::
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Korth Sky Marshal 9mm Knall Mini Vid
Korth Sky Marshal 9mm Knall Mini Vid
DATE: 2015/03/12::
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Air Marshal Course. UNITED KRAV MAGA World Organisation, Ostrava 2013
Air Marshal Course. UNITED KRAV MAGA World Organisation, Ostrava 2013
DATE: 2013/06/11::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 4."Nightmare Typhoon"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 4."Nightmare Typhoon"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 5."War of the Space Giants"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 5."War of the Space Giants"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 6. "Destroyers of the Sun"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 6. "Destroyers of the Sun"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 9. "Solar Sky Raiders"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 9. "Solar Sky Raiders"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Shooting the Korth Sky Marshal
Shooting the Korth Sky Marshal
DATE: 2015/01/24::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 8. "The Hydrogen Hurricane"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 8. "The Hydrogen Hurricane"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 11. "Lost in Outer Space"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 11. "Lost in Outer Space"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
25
Visit of Lt Gen Muzamil Hussain. ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Visit of Lt Gen Muzamil Hussain. ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/12/16::
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Omar Anoke - It
Omar Anoke - It's a Good Day to Die (Starship Troopers 3)
DATE: 2008/07/15::
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Lady
Lady's Fight ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/01/22::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 12. "Captives of the Zero Hour"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 12. "Captives of the Zero Hour"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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Roblox Sky Marshal [Episode 2] Plane Hi-jack
Roblox Sky Marshal [Episode 2] Plane Hi-jack
DATE: 2014/04/03::
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Princess sky marshal buttercup and jon spon
Princess sky marshal buttercup and jon spon
DATE: 2015/05/23::
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Korth PRS & Sky Marshal Test Drive SHOT Show 2015
Korth PRS & Sky Marshal Test Drive SHOT Show 2015
DATE: 2015/01/25::
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Sky Marshal! - Grand Theft Auto V is AWESOME! - Part 8
Sky Marshal! - Grand Theft Auto V is AWESOME! - Part 8
DATE: 2013/09/17::
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Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 10. "S.O.S. Ice Age"
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Episode 10. "S.O.S. Ice Age"
DATE: 2014/08/14::
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ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/01/13::
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Visit of Lt. Gen Athar Ali ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Visit of Lt. Gen Athar Ali ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/11/18::
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Sky Marshal Part 1 TWERK
Sky Marshal Part 1 TWERK
DATE: 2014/04/03::
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Sky Marshal - Roblox
Sky Marshal - Roblox
DATE: 2014/05/07::
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Visit of Director General ASF Brig. Sahir Butt. ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Visit of Director General ASF Brig. Sahir Butt. ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/12/22::
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Starship Troopers - Sky Marshall Omar Anoke
Starship Troopers - Sky Marshall Omar Anoke
DATE: 2008/08/24::
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Geo News 15 Dec 2011 ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Geo News 15 Dec 2011 ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/12/18::
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Action of ASI Mirza Farooq Black Belt Dawn-4 ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Action of ASI Mirza Farooq Black Belt Dawn-4 ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/11/10::
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Air Marshal Managers Publicly Disclose Secret Tactics #1
Air Marshal Managers Publicly Disclose Secret Tactics #1
DATE: 2008/05/01::
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Sky Marshal Omar Anoke Death - Starship Troopers 3
Sky Marshal Omar Anoke Death - Starship Troopers 3
DATE: 2014/08/22::
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Visit of Lt. Col Haroon Islam ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Visit of Lt. Col Haroon Islam ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/11/10::
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ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/01/22::
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Fight with 5 persons ASI Hayat Khan ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Fight with 5 persons ASI Hayat Khan ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/11/10::
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Visit of Director General ASF Brig. Azam Tiwana ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Visit of Director General ASF Brig. Azam Tiwana ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/12/22::
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Roblox Sky Marshal #5
Roblox Sky Marshal #5
DATE: 2014/04/12::
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Demo 42 Basic ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
Demo 42 Basic ASF Sky Marshal Pakistan
DATE: 2011/10/30::
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What the: Trailer - Sky Marshal (Roblox)
What the: Trailer - Sky Marshal (Roblox)
DATE: 2014/03/19::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the military rank in Starship Troopers, see Terran Federation (Starship Troopers)#Military.

A sky marshal (also known as air marshal or flight marshal) is an undercover law enforcement or counter terrorist agent on board a commercial aircraft to counter aircraft hijackings. Sky marshals may be provided by airlines such as El Al (who provide sky marshals on every flight), or by government agencies such as the Austrian Einsatzkommando Cobra, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, German Federal Police, National Security Guard in India, Metropolitan Police SO18 (Aviation Security Operational Command Unit) or US Federal Air Marshal Service.

History[edit]

Australia[edit]

In response to the September 11 incidents, the Commonwealth instituted an Air Security Officer (ASO) Program under the Australian Federal Police in December 2001.[1][2] These officers are generally referred to in the media as Sky Marshals.[3] The ASO Programme provides a discreet anti-hijacking capability for Australian civil aviation by providing armed security personnel on board aircraft.[2] This involves both random and intelligence-led placement of armed ASOs on flights operated by Australian registered air carriers, on both domestic and international flights.

Officers are armed and trained and equipped for a variety of situations on both domestic and international flights.[4][5]

Austria[edit]

In Austria, armed air marshals are provided since 1981 by the Einsatzkommando Cobra.

Canada[edit]

The Canadian Air Carrier Protection/Protective Program (CACPP) began on September 17, 2002 when a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Royal Canadian Mounted Police with Transport Canada, the authority responsible for Canadian aviation security, and the Canadian Air Transport Security Authority (CATSA), for the implementation and administration of the CACPP. The program is conducted by specially trained undercover, armed RCMP officers (known as Aircraft Protective Officers- APOs) on selected domestic and international flights and all flights to the Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport. Pilots and flight attendants are advised of their presence and the officer will physically intervene should an unauthorized person attempt to gain control of an aircraft.[6] APOs, however, will not be involved in controlling unruly passengers.[7] While they are peace officers within Canadian territories, they rely on section 6(2) of the Tokyo Convention as a legal basis for intervening an incident outside of Canadian airspace.[7] By law, such officers are exempt from acquiring a permit for importing or exporting their duty firearms when crossing the border.[8] However, the exact nature of their weaponry is not released to the public except they are "deadly and effective and should not damage the aircraft." [9] The Canadian Forces Military Police members of the Canadian Forces Air Marshal Detail, are responsible for providing security to Canadian Forces aircraft, crew and passengers – passengers who may include the Governor General, the Prime Minister and members of the Royal Family.[10]

India[edit]

Months after the September 11 attacks, private operators like Jet Airways and Air Sahara introduced sky marshals in some of their flights and had plans to increase it.[needs update] Indian Airlines had previously started this in December 1999 after the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight 814.[11]

In 2003, Air India had an agreement with a US directive to have air marshals on all of its US-bound flights. They are recruited from India's elite commando force National Security Guard.[12]

Ireland[edit]

Ireland does not have a dedicated sky marshal agency. Limited capabilities are provided by the Garda Síochána Emergency Response Unit (ERU), the national police armed tactical unit, and backup may be provided by the counter-terrorism Garda Special Detective Unit (SDU) and the Army Ranger Wing (ARW) special forces unit in certain situations.[13][14] The Irish government allows armed flight marshals from the United States, United Kingdom, Israel, Canada, Australia and some other European countries onboard international flights landing or destined for those countries in Irish airspace, once they are informed of their presence beforehand. Weapons carried by an air marshal in Ireland include a concealed handgun, taser, knife and pepper spray.[15]

Singapore[edit]

Singapore Airlines and Silkair deploys sky marshals in their flights. Such members are armed with firearms loaded with special ammunition and dart-firing stun gun.

Members are usually from either the Air Marshal Unit, the Security Command or the Special Tactics and Rescue (STAR) of the Singapore Police Force. Members have undergone extensive training to enable them to operate effectively within the confines of an aircraft.

United Kingdom[edit]

Sky Marshals are rarely used on flights originating from the UK. Officers from The Metropolitan Police Service Aviation Security Operational Command Unit (SO18) are used on random flights, however details of the programme are not made public and the extent of their use is not widely known. For this reason their use is not heavily documented in the media.

United States[edit]

The US Federal Aviation Administration began its "Sky Marshal" program in 1968, which eventually became the Federal Air Marshal Service in 1985. That year, an Egyptian security officer on board EgyptAir Flight 648 opened fire on three Abu Nidal Organization hijackers, killing one before being fatally shot himself. In 2005, Rigoberto Alpizar was shot dead by two sky marshals on a jetway at Miami International Airport. Currently, Federal Air Marshal Officers are under the Transportation Security Administration. Under the Visible Intermodal Prevention Response (VIPR) system, started up circa 2005, FAMs began to patrol non-aviation sites like bus terminals and train stations.[16]

On May 30, 2013, the first book ever written on the history of the air marshals was published in the United States by former air marshal Clay Biles. The book, titled The United States Federal Air Marshal Service: A Historical Perspective, 1962–2012 gave never-before-released information on the more than fifty years of Federal Air Marshal Service. The author interviewed a number of former Sky Marshals and contributed significantly to reversing the lack of information on this short-duration program.[17][18]

Fictional references[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Air Security Officers: making our skies safe". Australian Federal Police (Platypus Magazine. July 2008. Retrieved June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Budget 2002-2003: Counter Terrorism measures" (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. 2002. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  3. ^ "Cost row hits sky marshals". The Age. 2003-12-24. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  4. ^ "Air Security Officers - Australian Federal Police". Afp.gov.au. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  5. ^ "FREE Stories - Up in arms". SSAA. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  6. ^ Gazette magazine - The Canadian Air Carrier Protective Program
  7. ^ a b APEC CACPP Presentation
  8. ^ SOR/2008-45: Export and Import Permits Act: Exemption Regulations (Persons), Canada Gazette Part II, Vol. 142, No. 6
  9. ^ Proceedings of the Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence
  10. ^ Paule, Major (2010-01-27). "Military Police train for VIP... | Air Force Articles | News and Events - Air Force News | RCAF | DND/CF". Rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  11. ^ TNN Oct 11, 2001, 11.45pm IST (2001-10-11). "Private airlines brace to meet hijack threats - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  12. ^ TNN Dec 30, 2003, 11.32pm IST (2003-12-30). "A-I to comply with US norm - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  13. ^ O’Brien, Stephen (8 February 2004). "Brennan to reject US air marshal bid". The Sunday Times (Ireland). Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Aer Lingus will comply with U.S gun request". Irish Echo. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  15. ^ Cusack, Jim (24 November 2012). "Armed marshals likely on Irish planes". Irish Independent. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  16. ^ See article on Visible Intermodal Prevention Response
  17. ^ http://steve-rustad.blogs.petaluma360.com/11584/a-definitive-history-of-federal-air-marshals/
  18. ^ http://books.google.com/books/about/The_United_States_Federal_Air_Marshal_Se.html?id=sMBWmwEACAAJ
  19. ^ "Flight attendants hope to ground 'Flightplan'". Today. 29 September 2005. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  20. ^ Chitwood, Adam (November 8, 2012). "First Synopsis for Director Jaume Collet-Serra’s NON-STOP Starring Liam Neeson". Collider.com. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 

External links[edit]

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