Play Video
1
We have Slave Names by Malcolm X
We have Slave Names by Malcolm X
::2008/04/21::
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2
LEO MUHAMMAD: Your Slave Name!
LEO MUHAMMAD: Your Slave Name!
::2011/01/06::
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3
2Pac Gives His Opinion On African and Slave Names (Interview)
2Pac Gives His Opinion On African and Slave Names (Interview)
::2010/06/01::
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4
What is a Slave Name?
What is a Slave Name?
::2011/08/13::
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5
Keep Your Family
Keep Your Family's Slave Name
::2014/07/15::
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6
SLAVE NAMES (Are you happy to have a SLAVE NAME?)
SLAVE NAMES (Are you happy to have a SLAVE NAME?)
::2011/08/31::
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7
Slavery by Another Name
Slavery by Another Name
::2013/12/06::
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8
The First Slave Ship To America Name Was JESUS
The First Slave Ship To America Name Was JESUS
::2013/12/31::
Play Video
9
poughkeepsietapes your name is slave .wmv
poughkeepsietapes your name is slave .wmv
::2010/06/04::
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10
WHY ETHIOPIAN-HEBREWS (lost sheep) MUST "CHANGE SLAVE NAME "!!!
WHY ETHIOPIAN-HEBREWS (lost sheep) MUST "CHANGE SLAVE NAME "!!!
::2009/06/21::
Play Video
11
MALCOLM X: OUR HISTORY WAS DESTROYED BY SLAVERY
MALCOLM X: OUR HISTORY WAS DESTROYED BY SLAVERY
::2006/09/06::
Play Video
12
RE to Janice JNice: Keep Your Family
RE to Janice JNice: Keep Your Family's Slave Name
::2014/07/15::
Play Video
13
Whats your Name "Kunta kentei"
Whats your Name "Kunta kentei"
::2008/02/14::
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14
CHANGE YOUR SLAVE NAME TO A NAME THAT REPRSENTS YOUR CHARICTORISTICS
CHANGE YOUR SLAVE NAME TO A NAME THAT REPRSENTS YOUR CHARICTORISTICS
::2012/12/22::
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15
Muhammad is a slave name as well!!!
Muhammad is a slave name as well!!!
::2011/05/20::
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16
RE:Keep Your Family
RE:Keep Your Family's Slave Name
::2014/07/16::
Play Video
17
[Industrial] Azrath - Your name is slave
[Industrial] Azrath - Your name is slave
::2011/08/30::
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18
RasTafari World Citizen Tools, WSA Update Pt2 Slave Status & Name Change Vlog by Ras Iadonis
RasTafari World Citizen Tools, WSA Update Pt2 Slave Status & Name Change Vlog by Ras Iadonis
::2014/06/29::
Play Video
19
MW2 Worst Playa-Is Bert a Slave Name?? (E-1)
MW2 Worst Playa-Is Bert a Slave Name?? (E-1)
::2010/02/07::
Play Video
20
P.O.P- No Peace feat.  Slave Name Spence prod. Mickool Young
P.O.P- No Peace feat. Slave Name Spence prod. Mickool Young
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
21
Some more roman legal slave name proof!!
Some more roman legal slave name proof!!
::2014/01/01::
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22
Black Samurai - Slave Name
Black Samurai - Slave Name
::2010/01/31::
Play Video
23
Ben Cholok loves Halloween and Jesus gets rid of his slave name.
Ben Cholok loves Halloween and Jesus gets rid of his slave name.
::2013/01/22::
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24
Muhammad Ali i converted to islam and i am not slave anymore
Muhammad Ali i converted to islam and i am not slave anymore
::2012/08/04::
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25
Little Black Girl Lost (Her slave name is Becky!)
Little Black Girl Lost (Her slave name is Becky!)
::2013/05/12::
Play Video
26
Welcome Back {Prod. Sole Grunt} Ft Slave Name Spencer
Welcome Back {Prod. Sole Grunt} Ft Slave Name Spencer
::2012/10/27::
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27
Slavery by Another Name: The Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II
Slavery by Another Name: The Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II
::2011/03/14::
Play Video
28
X-Men: The Last Stand 03. The Church Of Magneto, Raven Is My Slave Name
X-Men: The Last Stand 03. The Church Of Magneto, Raven Is My Slave Name
::2011/03/22::
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29
Slave Name   The Jeffersons S01 E03   George
Slave Name The Jeffersons S01 E03 George's Family Tree
::2014/04/01::
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30
SHOULD I CHANGE MY SLAVE NAME [YAHUWAH]
SHOULD I CHANGE MY SLAVE NAME [YAHUWAH]
::2013/11/16::
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31
slave trader trailer   in the name of freedom
slave trader trailer in the name of freedom
::2012/11/16::
Play Video
32
Slave Name Spencer (Live) @ Freestyle Monument - 11.11.13
Slave Name Spencer (Live) @ Freestyle Monument - 11.11.13
::2013/12/06::
Play Video
33
MW2 Worst Playa is Bert a Slave Name????
MW2 Worst Playa is Bert a Slave Name????
::2010/02/08::
Play Video
34
1205) 12 Years a Slave
1205) 12 Years a Slave
::2014/02/12::
Play Video
35
Slave to Rage - Killing in the name live at Tyrol
Slave to Rage - Killing in the name live at Tyrol
::2011/03/27::
Play Video
36
Radio Slave Name festival 2010
Radio Slave Name festival 2010
::2010/09/22::
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37
slave name (draft)
slave name (draft)
::2013/07/13::
Play Video
38
Slave Name - Elijah Button
Slave Name - Elijah Button
::2009/10/14::
Play Video
39
Chad Estes : A Slave By Any Other Name (acoustic)
Chad Estes : A Slave By Any Other Name (acoustic)
::2011/12/02::
Play Video
40
IN SLAVE SOUL - My name is - your death (promo)
IN SLAVE SOUL - My name is - your death (promo)
::2013/03/24::
Play Video
41
Name Pronunciations from Alien Slave
Name Pronunciations from Alien Slave
::2014/05/24::
Play Video
42
300ft Gorilla - No Name Slave (Live)
300ft Gorilla - No Name Slave (Live)
::2014/06/07::
Play Video
43
Slave Owner Versus Ghetto Name ( Which Is The Best ? )
Slave Owner Versus Ghetto Name ( Which Is The Best ? )
::2013/02/28::
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44
SlaveShip Named Jesus & King James Had Slaves!!!
SlaveShip Named Jesus & King James Had Slaves!!!
::2013/05/14::
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45
NAME Festival : Hommage à Dj Medhi par Radio Slave et APM001
NAME Festival : Hommage à Dj Medhi par Radio Slave et APM001
::2011/09/18::
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46
My slave getting my name inked on his lip!
My slave getting my name inked on his lip!
::2013/11/05::
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47
Colston Hall could ditch Bristol slave trader
Colston Hall could ditch Bristol slave trader's name
::2014/06/19::
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48
P.I.F - It
P.I.F - It's not You - Slave - Killing in the Name
::2013/10/25::
Play Video
49
Suge Knight:
Suge Knight: 'When You Were A Slave, You Knew It Was Bad'
::2014/02/19::
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50
Nobis-Brand Name Slave (Smackfest 2010) Maine
Nobis-Brand Name Slave (Smackfest 2010) Maine
::2010/10/11::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A slave name is a name given to a person who is or has been enslaved or a name inherited from enslaved ancestors. Modern use of the term applies mostly to Africans, African-Americans and West Indians who are descended from slaves, and are thereby capable of having a "slave name".

Ancient Rome[edit]

In Rome, slaves had a single name given at the discretion of their owner. A slave who was manumitted (freed) might keep his or her slave name and adopt his or her former owner's name as a praenomen and nomen. As an example, one historian says that "a man named Publius Larcius freed a male slave named Nicia, who was then called Publius Larcius Nicia."[1]

Historian Harold Whetstone Johnston writes of instances in which a slave's former owner chose to ignore custom and simply chose a name for the freedman.[2]

Cape Colony[edit]

In the former Dutch colony which is present day Cape Town, slaves were named after the months in which they were purchased. This resulted in surnames such as Januarie and Februarie.

African-French and African-Portuguese[edit]

In France, the idea of slave names originates in Haiti in the West Indies,[3] an important center of the French and Europeans slave trade.

In the 15th century, the Cape Verde islands and the rivers of Guinea were among the first parts of Africa to be explored by the Portuguese. In 1446, Portugal claimed Portuguese Guinea (now Guinea-Bissau), but few trading posts were established before 1600. By 1630, the Portuguese were settled and governing the territory. By then Cacheu had become one of the main centers of the (slave trade), which declined in the 19th century.

In 1600, Portugal and other European powers, including France, England, Sweden, Scotland, Spain, Brandenburg-Prussia, Denmark and the Netherlands set up a thriving slave trade along the West African coast.

In 1659, Saint-Louis secured the whole of Senegal as French territory until the end of the 19th century. Dakar was built as the administrative trade center when the whole of Senegal was a French territory.

In 1765, Bissau was founded as a military center and slave-trading post. It grew to become the main commercial center. The Portuguese used slave labour to grow cotton and indigo in the previously uninhabited Cape Verde islands. They traded goods and slaves, in the Geba River estuary and slaves captured in local African wars and raids were sold in Europe and then, from the 16th century onwards, in the Americas.

Captured slaves were all given a slave name and in Europe many of their ancestors still bear this name. The name Gomis is associated with slavery in the history of Guinea-Bissau and its Manjack people). Bissau, a creole region, became the Slave Coast as the result of the arrival of Europeans in the 15th century. Before that, slavery was not a significant feature of the coastal economy. The change occurs after the Portuguese reached this region in 1446. The surnames Gomis, Mendy, Preira, Correa, Dacosta, Monteiro and Vieira can all be traced back to Portuguese through the slave trade in the Casamance River region, governed at times by both Portugal and France.

For a brief period in the 1790s the British attempted to establish a rival foothold on the offshore island of Bolama. But many of the Manjaco and other entities became French after the abolition of the Slave trade in 1794 and 1848. It was not until 1 January 1860 that the Netherlands abolished slavery. Slaves in Dutch Guiana would have to wait until 1 January 1863 for the abolition of slavery.

Freedom was restored and their slave name won back dignity and respect. Today, slave name, baptised from birth or rebirth in the new world, testifies to the authenticity of one's identity and own heritage of history, or lack thereof.

African Americans[edit]

Prior to the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, the vast majority of African-Americans in the United States were enslaved. During enslavement, slaves' names were assigned by their owners. Others received a name based on what kind of work they were forced to do. Some African-Americans have last names such as Cotton, reflecting when they were made to pick cotton as slaves.[citation needed]

After emancipation, many freedmen and women took the surnames of their former owners as their own.[citation needed] Some blacks in the U.S. took on the surname Freeman, while others adopted the names of popular historical or contemporary figures of social importance, such as former presidents Washington, Jefferson, and Jackson.

A number of African-Americans and Jamaican Americans have changed their names out of the belief that the names they were given at birth were "slave names." An individual's name change often coincides with a religious conversion (Muhammad Ali changed his name from Cassius Clay and Louis Farrakhan changed his from Louis Eugene Walcott, for example)[4][5] or involvement with the black nationalist movement (e.g., Amiri Baraka and Assata Shakur).[6]

Some organizations encourage African-Americans to abandon their "slave names." The Nation of Islam is perhaps the best-known of them. In his book, Message to the Blackman in America, Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad writes often of "slave names." Some of his comments include:

  • "You must remember that slave-names will keep you a slave in the eyes of the civilized world today. You have seen, and recently, that Africa and Asia will not honor you or give you any respect as long as you are called by the white man’s name."[7]
  • "You are still called by your slave-masters' names. By rights, by international rights, you belong to the white man of America. He knows that. You have never gotten out of the shackles of slavery. You are still in them."[8]

Other organizations, such as the black nationalist US Organization, also advocate for African-Americans to change their "slave names."[9]

Kingdom of the Netherlands[edit]

Caribbean elements of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, like Aruba and the Dutch Antilles, and former colonies of the Netherlands, such as Suriname, have large Creole populations consisting mostly of the descendants of slaves.

When freed during the 19th century, the ancestors of these people received surnames which were given by their former owners, many of which referred to a specific character trait. For example Aruban governor Frits Goedgedrag's name is Dutch for "good behavior", whereas football player Edson Braafheid's name means "goodness".

Many kept these names, while others later chose their own. The new names were often in the local Spanish-based creole language, and subsequently changed to 'proper' Spanish by Dutch officials. This explains why many Arubans and some Surinamese have Spanish surnames, but no Spanish ancestry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roman Nomenclature at vroma.org
  2. ^ Johnson, Harold Whetstone; Johnston, Mary; Names of Freedmen; 1903, 1932; forumromanum.org
  3. ^ Roots
  4. ^ "Louis Farrakhan Biography". Database. Biography.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  5. ^ "Muhammad Ali Biography". Database. Biography.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  6. ^ Deburg, William L. Van, "Modern Black Nationalism: From Marcus Garvey to Louis Farrakhan", NYU Press (1997), p 269, ISBN 0-8147-8789-4
  7. ^ Muhammad, Elijah; Message to the Blackman; Chapter 24; seventhfam.com
  8. ^ Muhammad, Elijah; Message to the Blackman; Chapter 34; seventhfam.com
  9. ^ "NGUZO SABA (The Seven Principles)" From : US Organization website [1]

External links[edit]

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