is a Smilax ornata perennial, trailing vine with prickly stems that is native to Mexico and Central America. Common names include [3 ] sarsaparilla ( or / / ), / / [4 ] Honduran sarsaparilla, and [4 ] Jamaican sarsaparilla. It is known in [4 ] Spanish as , which is derived from the words zarzaparrilla zarza meaning "bramble" (from Arabic sharas "thorny plant" or Basque sartzia "bramble"), and parrilla, meaning "little grape vine". [5 ] [6 ] [7 ] [8 ] [9 ]
Smilax ornata was considered by Native Americans to have medicinal properties, and was a popular European treatment for syphilis when it was introduced from the New World. From 1820 to 1910, it was registered in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia as a treatment for syphilis. Modern users claim it is effective for eczema, psoriasis, arthritis, herpes, and leprosy, along with a variety of other complaints. There is no peer-reviewed research available for these claims. There is, however, peer-reviewed research suggesting that [10 ] S. regelii extracts have in vitro antioxidant properties, like many other herbs. [11 ]
Smilax ornata is used as the basis for a soft drink, frequently called Sarsaparilla. It is also a primary ingredient in old fashioned-style root beer, in conjunction with [12 ] sassafras, which was more widely available prior to studies of its potential health risks. [13 ] [14 ]
Gallery [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Tropicos.org" . Retrieved 11 August 2014.
^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species" . Retrieved 12 August 2014.
^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
^ a b c ". Smilax regelii Killip & C. V. Morton" Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-02-03 . Retrieved 2014-08-11.
^ Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F..
^ Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
^ Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (2000). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(9-11): 1-337. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F..
^ Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
^ "Database Entry: Sarsaparilla – Smilax officinalis, Sarsaparilla, Smilax aristolochiaefolia, Smilax glabra, Sarsaparilla, Smilax febrifuga, Smilx ornata, Chinese sarsaparilla, Smilax regelii, Smilax japicanga". Rain-tree.com . Retrieved 2010-07-15.
^ Cox, Sean D.; Jayasinghe, K. Chamila; Markham, Julie L. (2005). "Antioxidant activity in Australian native sarsaparilla (Smilax glyciphylla)". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 101 (1–3): 162–8. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2005.04.005. PMID 15885944.
^ Encyclopædia Britannica. "sarsaparilla (flavouring) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com . Retrieved 2010-07-15.
^ Era, P (1893). . D. O. Haynes & company. p. 400. The era formulary: 5000 formulas for druggists. A collection of original and prize formulas, to which has been added a selection of formulas from standard authorities in the English, French and German ... ISBN 978-1-145-42702-0.
^ Dietz, B; Bolton, Jl (Apr 2007). "Botanical Dietary Supplements Gone Bad". Chemical research in toxicology 20 (4): 586–90. doi: 10.1021/tx7000527. ISSN 0893-228X. PMC 2504026. PMID 17362034.
^ "PlantNET – FloraOnline". Plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au . Retrieved 2010-07-15.
External links [ edit ]
Culinary herbs and spices
Aonori (ground seaweed)
Amchoor (mango powder)
Dill and dill seed
Fingerroot ( krachai)
Ginger, aromatic ( kencur)
Grains of Paradise
Grains of Selim
Nigella ( kalonji)
Pepper, Peruvian Pepper, East Asian
Peppercorn (black, green, and white)
Pomegranate seed ( anardana)
Shiso (seeds, berries)