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What is a Conservative?
What is a Conservative?
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Hip Hughes
Is Social Conservatism Dead?
Is Social Conservatism Dead?
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: ASKDrBrown
Tough times for social conservatives in America
Tough times for social conservatives in America
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: Fox News
Libertarians vs. Conservatives on Social Issues
Libertarians vs. Conservatives on Social Issues
Published: 2013/01/06
Channel: Julie Borowski
The Social Conservative Worldview and Why I Hold To It
The Social Conservative Worldview and Why I Hold To It
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Argent
Attention Conservatives! Here’s the left’s dirty little secret about social issues
Attention Conservatives! Here’s the left’s dirty little secret about social issues
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: Rebel Media
Social Conservatism in Canada
Social Conservatism in Canada
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: The Agenda with Steve Paikin
"Social conservatism is theocracy!"
"Social conservatism is theocracy!"
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: AdamKokesh
Why Socially Liberal And Fiscally Conservative Is Complete Nonsense
Why Socially Liberal And Fiscally Conservative Is Complete Nonsense
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: Redacted Tonight
Pundits Claim The Democratic Party Should Run ‘Social Conservatives’
Pundits Claim The Democratic Party Should Run ‘Social Conservatives’
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: The Rational National
The Millennial Mind: Fiscally Conservative & Socially Liberal?
The Millennial Mind: Fiscally Conservative & Socially Liberal?
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Cal Watchdog
Yaron Answers: Social Conservatives
Yaron Answers: Social Conservatives
Published: 2012/03/02
Channel: Ayn Rand Institute
Robert P. George on Our Universities, Natural Law, and Social Conservatism
Robert P. George on Our Universities, Natural Law, and Social Conservatism
Published: 2016/04/10
Channel: Conversations with Bill Kristol
The Social Costs of Being a Young Conservative/Libertarian
The Social Costs of Being a Young Conservative/Libertarian
Published: 2014/08/21
Channel: AaronClarey
Santorum attacks Cruz for not being a social conservative
Santorum attacks Cruz for not being a social conservative
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Fox News
For 1st Time EVER, Social Conservatives Don
For 1st Time EVER, Social Conservatives Don't Outnumber Social Liberals
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: David Pakman Show
Social conservative Meaning
Social conservative Meaning
Published: 2015/04/16
Channel: SDictionary
Good news for social conservatives at Conservative Party convention 2016
Good news for social conservatives at Conservative Party convention 2016
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Rebel Media
Ten Reasons Trump
Ten Reasons Trump's Election Could Be Good for Social Conservatives
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Family Policy Institute of Washington
David Boaz on Social Conservatives
David Boaz on Social Conservatives
Published: 2011/02/11
Channel: The Cato Institute
Social Conservatives Are Now To The Right Of Cheney
Social Conservatives Are Now To The Right Of Cheney
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: Secular Talk
Social Conservatives Share What’s Behind the Left’s Biggest Misconceptions About Them
Social Conservatives Share What’s Behind the Left’s Biggest Misconceptions About Them
Published: 2014/10/06
Channel: The Daily Signal
Ian Brodie on "ditching" social conservatives
Ian Brodie on "ditching" social conservatives
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: Rebel Media
Hi, I
Hi, I'm A Social Conservative But Fiscal Liberal. Debate Me!
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: The Majority Report with Sam Seder
Rachel Maddow - GOP
Rachel Maddow - GOP's social conservative problem worse than it has ever been
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: Licentiathe8th
Social conservatism = Fiscal conservatism - Jim DeMint - Restoring America
Social conservatism = Fiscal conservatism - Jim DeMint - Restoring America
Published: 2010/09/21
Channel: wyzguys
Social Conservative Me
Social Conservative Me
Published: 2012/04/15
Channel: Ryan Faulk
GOP Division: The Fight Between Libertarians and Social Conservatives - with Ben Domenech
GOP Division: The Fight Between Libertarians and Social Conservatives - with Ben Domenech
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: The Dole Institute of Politics
SA@TAC - The Scam of Social Conservatism
SA@TAC - The Scam of Social Conservatism
Published: 2009/12/22
Channel: Jack Hunter
SCOTUS & social conservatives
SCOTUS & social conservatives
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: CNN
Hey Social Conservatives, We Don
Hey Social Conservatives, We Don't Need You in the 21st Century
Published: 2013/12/12
Channel: The Majority Report with Sam Seder
I am not socially conservative
I am not socially conservative
Published: 2010/03/02
Channel: TJdoeslife
Talking with Coach Red Pill On Social Conservatism and Markets
Talking with Coach Red Pill On Social Conservatism and Markets
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Mauritian Struggle
The Deal with Jack Hunter: How Rick Santorum Hurts Social Conservatism
The Deal with Jack Hunter: How Rick Santorum Hurts Social Conservatism
Published: 2012/03/01
Channel: Jack Hunter
Obama and Social Conservatives
Obama and Social Conservatives
Published: 2012/03/08
Channel: ChurchMilitant Archives
"Political Conservatism can be thought of as a Social Immune System "Jordan Peterson
"Political Conservatism can be thought of as a Social Immune System "Jordan Peterson
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: TheArchangel911
Social conservatives face elite’s sneers
Social conservatives face elite’s sneers
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: The Christian Institute
Social Conservatives Dominate the Leadership - Andrew Scheer
Social Conservatives Dominate the Leadership - Andrew Scheer's Victory
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Parents as First Educators
Laura Ingraham about Trump and the Social Conservatives
Laura Ingraham about Trump and the Social Conservatives
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: u4see The Future
Pierre Lemieux with Jonathon Van Maren on being a social conservative in Canada
Pierre Lemieux with Jonathon Van Maren on being a social conservative in Canada
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: The Bridgehead
Why Social Conservatives Are GaGa Over Trump
Why Social Conservatives Are GaGa Over Trump
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Wochit Politics
Can you be a Fiscal Conservative Without Being a Social Conservative?
Can you be a Fiscal Conservative Without Being a Social Conservative?
Published: 2010/11/17
Channel: Mark Levine
Issue Monday: Dr. Francis Beckwith on Social Conservatism
Issue Monday: Dr. Francis Beckwith on Social Conservatism
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Centennial Institute
20: Ryan, Akin, Social Conservatism, and Tech News
20: Ryan, Akin, Social Conservatism, and Tech News
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: We Are Libertarians
Social conservatism is the problem
Social conservatism is the problem
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: tetsubo57
Social Conservatives still ruling the Roost
Social Conservatives still ruling the Roost
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Canadian Libertarian
Ben Shapiro Explaining the Core Principles of Conservatism
Ben Shapiro Explaining the Core Principles of Conservatism
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Mister Danilo
NH Primary Vault: Amid weakening polls, Romney champions his social conservatism in in
NH Primary Vault: Amid weakening polls, Romney champions his social conservatism in in '08
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: WMUR-TV
What do you think about fiscal conservatives who are also social conservatives?
What do you think about fiscal conservatives who are also social conservatives?
Published: 2011/06/15
Channel: ReasonTV
Social conservatism is immoral...
Social conservatism is immoral...
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: tetsubo57
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Social conservatism is the belief that society is built upon a fragile network of relationships which need to be upheld through duty, traditional values and established institutions.[1] This can include moral issues.[2] Social conservatism is generally sceptical of social change, and believes in maintaining the status quo concerning social issues such as family life, sexual relations and patriotism.[3]

Social conservatism encompasses a range of what may be thought of as reactionary positions on social issues.[4] It developed as a reaction to what was perceived as dangerous tendencies within the liberal movements toward political radicalism and a wholesale rejection of "traditional values".[5] In North America, since the mid to late 20th century, social conservatism arose as a response to federal action on social issues—such as LGBT rights and abortion—which members perceived as a threat to conservative values.[6][4]

Social conservatism and other ideological views[edit]

There is no necessary link between social and fiscal conservatism; some social conservatives such as George W. Bush[7] and Michael Gerson[8] are otherwise apolitical, centrist or liberal on economic and fiscal issues. Social conservatives may sometimes support economic intervention where the intervention serves moral or cultural aims. Many social conservatives support a balance between fair trade and a free market . This concern for material welfare, like advocacy of traditional mores, will often have a basis in religion. Examples include the Christian Social Union of Bavaria, the Family First Party and Katter's Australian Party, and the communitarian movement in the United States.

There is more overlap between social conservatism and paleoconservatism, in that they both have respect for traditional social forms.[9]

Social conservatism in different countries[edit]

Islamic world[edit]

Most Muslim countries are socially and morally conservative (such as Sudan, Malaysia and Gambia) due to their interpretation of Islamic law also known as Shariah.

Arab world

The Arab world has been historically conservative in social and moral issues due to the strong influence of Islam. All Arab countries have strong censorship laws against illicit and immoral content.

Arab Gulf states

Saudi Arabia is the home of Islam and its two holy shrines, the king's (Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud) title is "Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques". Saudi Arabia's role in the Islamic world enforces it to adhere to strict interpretation of Islam, of which it follows the most strict madhab of Islamic jurisprudence imam Hanbal.[citation needed]

India[edit]

Hindu social conservatism

Hindu social conservatism in India in the twenty first century has developed into an influential movement. Represented in the political arena by the right-leaning Bharatiya Janata Party and far-right wing Shiv Sena. Hindu social conservatism, also known as the Hindutva movement, is spearheaded by the voluntary non-governmental organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. The core philosophy of this ideology is nativism and sees Hinduism as a national identity rather than a religious one. Due to inclination towards nativism, much of its platform is based on the belief that Islamic and Christian denominations in India are the result of occupations, and therefore these groups should not receive concessions from the state.[10] In terms of political positions, Hindu social conservatives in India seek to institutionalise a Uniform Civil Code (which is also a directive under Article 44 of the Constitution of India) for members of all religions,[11] over the current scheme of different personal laws for different religions. For instance, polygamy is legal for Muslims in India but not Hindus.

Muslim social conservatism

There are several socially conservative Muslim organisations in India, ranging from groups such as the Indian Union Muslim League which aim to promote the preservation of Indian Muslim culture as a part of the nation's identity and history, to radical organisations such as the Mujahadeen and Lakshar-E-Taiba which aim to eradicate all other religions in South Asia.

Canada[edit]

In Canada, social conservatism, though widespread, is not as prominent in the public sphere as in the United States. It is prevalent in all areas of the country but is seen as being more prominent in rural areas.

Compared to social conservatism in the United States, social conservatism has not been as influential in Canada. The main reason is that the neoliberal or neoconservative style of politics as promoted by leaders such as former Liberal Party of Canada Prime Minister Paul Martin and Former Conservative Party of Canada Prime Minister Stephen Harper have focused on economic conservatism, with little or no emphasis on moral or social conservatism.[12] Without a specific, large political party behind them, social conservatives have divided their votes and can be found in all political parties.[13] In fact, many Canadian politicians who hold socially conservative views on a personal level often choose not to pursue them in their political life, including Former Prime Minister Stephen Harper.[dubious ]

Social conservatives often felt that they were being sidelined by officials in the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and its leadership of so-called "Red Tories" for the last half of the twentieth century and therefore many eventually made their political home with parties such as the Social Credit Party of Canada and the Reform Party of Canada. Despite the Reform Party being dominated by social conservatives, leader Preston Manning, seeking greater national support for the party, was reluctant for the party to wholly embrace socially conservative values. This led to his deposition as leader of the party (now called Canadian Alliance) in favor of social conservative Stockwell Day.[14] The party's successor, the Conservative Party of Canada, despite having a number of socially conservative members and cabinet ministers, has chosen so far not to focus on socially conservative issues in its platform. This was most recently exemplified on two occasions in 2012 when the current Conservative Party of Canada declared they had no intention to repeal same-sex marriage or abortion laws.[15]

South Africa[edit]

Social conservatism had a huge place in Apartheid South Africa ruled by the National Party. Television in South Africa was not introduced until 1976 out of fear that it would reduce the influence of Afrikaans.[citation needed] Pornography,[16] gambling[17] and other activities that were deemed undesirable were severely restricted. The majority of businesses were forbidden from doing business on Sunday.[18] Abortion was also illegal, except in case of rape, and danger to the mothers life.[citation needed] Sex education was also restricted.[19]

Despite the legalisation of same-sex marriage and polygamy, in modern-day South Africa, the population remains socially conservative on issues such as homosexuality with 80% of the population against homosexuality.[20]

United States[edit]

Social conservatism in the United States is a right-wing political ideology that opposes social progressivism. It is centered on the preservation of what adherents often call 'traditional' or 'family values', though the accepted aims of the movement often vary amongst the organisations it comprises, making it hard to generalise about ideological preferences. There are, however, a number of general principles to which at least a majority of social conservatives adhere, such as opposition to abortion and opposition to same-sex marriage.

The Republican Party is the largest political party with socially conservative ideals incorporated into its platform. Other socially conservative parties include the Constitution Party and the Prohibition Party.

Social conservatives are strongest in the South, where they are a mainstream political force with aspirations to translate those ideals using the party platform nationally. In recent years, the supporters of social conservatism played a major role in the political coalitions of Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush.[21]

List of social conservative political parties[edit]

Albania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Faroe Islands[edit]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Iceland[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Iran[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Northern Ireland only[edit]

Israel[edit]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Moldova[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

Norway[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Peru[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Russia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Serbia[edit]

South Africa[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Northern Ireland only[edit]

United States[edit]

Social conservative factions of political parties[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heywood 2017, p. 69.
  2. ^ Hall, Peter A.; Lamont, Michèle (2013-04-22). Social Resilience in the Neoliberal Era. Cambridge University Press. p. 166. ISBN 9781107034976. 
  3. ^ Dahms, Harry F. (2014). Mediations of Social Life in the 21st Century. Emerald Group Publishing. p. 101. ISBN 9781784412227. 
  4. ^ a b Farney, James Harold (2012). Social Conservatives and Party Politics in Canada and the United States. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442612600. 
  5. ^ "Conservatism - By Branch / Doctrine - The Basics of Philosophy". www.philosophybasics.com. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 
  6. ^ Riley, Jim. "Liberalism & Conservatism". academic.regis.edu. 
  7. ^ Veronique de Rugy and Tad DeHaven (31 July 2003). ""Conservative" Bush Spends More than "Liberal" Presidents Clinton, Carter". Cato.org. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Michael Gerson - Compassionate to the End". Washington Post. 30 January 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Rowland, Howard S. (2010). Things to Think About. Xlibris Corporation. p. 171. ISBN 9781453571286. 
  10. ^ M S Golwalkar (1966), Bunch of thoughts, Publishers: Sahitya Sindhu Prakashana
  11. ^ Press Trust of India (2003-08-02). "Muslim leaders oppose uniform civil code". Express India. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  12. ^ John Middlemist Herrick and Paul H. Stuart, eds. Encyclopedia of social welfare history in North America (2005) p. 143
  13. ^ David M. Haskell, Through a lens darkly: how the news media perceive and portray evangelicals (2009) p 57
  14. ^ Murray Dobbin, Preston Manning and the Reform Party (1991)
  15. ^ "Same-sex marriages declared legal and valid by federal justice minister Rob Nicholson". National Post. 13 January 2012. 
  16. ^ JCW Van Rooyen, Censorship in South Africa (Cape Town: Juta and Co., 1987),
  17. ^ Bet and board in the new South Africa. (legalisation of gambling could lead to growth of casinos, lotteries)(Brief Article)The Economist (US) | 5 August 1995
  18. ^ Apartheid mythology and symbolism. desegregated and re-invented in the service of nation building in the new South Africa: the covenant and the battle of Blood/Ncome River
  19. ^ "The New South Africa – The Same Old Bondage". Apfn.org. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  20. ^ Dale T. McKinley. "South Africa's Social Conservatism: A Real and Present Danger". SACSIS.org.za. 
  21. ^ Darren Dochuk, From Bible Belt to Sun Belt: Plain-Folk Religion, Grassroots Politics, and the Rise of Evangelical Conservatism (W.W. Norton & Company; 2010) shows how migrants to Southern California from Oklahoma, Texas, and Arkansas provided evangelical support for social conservatism.
  22. ^ DAN BILEFSKY (13 April 2010). "Hungarian Winner Vows Battle Against the Far Right". Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  23. ^ Jörg Flecker. Changing working life and the appeal of the extreme right. ISBN 978-0-7546-4915-1. 
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ Il programma del Popolo della Famiglia di Mario Adinolfi (intelligonews)
  26. ^ Programma (Italia Cristiana)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Heywood, Andrew (2017). Political Ideologies: An Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-137-60604-5. 

Further reading[edit]

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