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1
Don McCullin on Social Documentary Photography
Don McCullin on Social Documentary Photography
::2011/01/13::
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2
2010 "City Flâneur: Social Documentary Photography" Exh (100622_RTHK_The Works)
2010 "City Flâneur: Social Documentary Photography" Exh (100622_RTHK_The Works)
::2010/06/24::
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2013  Moments In Time BBC Documentary (age of smartphones, social media and the selfie)
2013 Moments In Time BBC Documentary (age of smartphones, social media and the selfie)
::2013/12/27::
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Blakely and Lloyd: Social Documentary Photography 1993-2010, 2011.
Blakely and Lloyd: Social Documentary Photography 1993-2010, 2011.
::2013/10/24::
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Walking with John Free in the Streets! Very Informative Stuff Street Photography Tips
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::2012/07/19::
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Social Documentary Photography Movie/Audio
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::2012/03/06::
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Pioneers of Documentary Photography Featured in New Exhibit on "Scientific Charity"
Pioneers of Documentary Photography Featured in New Exhibit on "Scientific Charity"
::2011/11/14::
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AS Photography Social Documentary and War Slideshow
AS Photography Social Documentary and War Slideshow
::2008/10/01::
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Photo Essai Social Documentary.wmv
Photo Essai Social Documentary.wmv
::2012/06/21::
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Social Anxiety Disorder Documentary by Katie Haptonstahl
Social Anxiety Disorder Documentary by Katie Haptonstahl
::2013/05/10::
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'Prison Photography' on the Road: Stories Behind the Photos by Pete Brook (Archive)
::2011/08/25::
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The zula - street documentary photography by: Felix lupa
The zula - street documentary photography by: Felix lupa
::2011/08/18::
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Face to Face: Introduction to Documentary Photography with Rana El Nemr
Face to Face: Introduction to Documentary Photography with Rana El Nemr
::2013/06/03::
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'Tanzania Unlimited Ltd.' Slideshow (Reportage & Documentary Art Photography)
::2012/09/10::
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Documentary Photography.mp4
Documentary Photography.mp4
::2010/07/02::
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Arlene Collins Presents her Photographs from North Korea
Arlene Collins Presents her Photographs from North Korea
::2013/11/22::
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Beware of photography schools. John Free
Beware of photography schools. John Free
::2011/01/30::
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COM 351 Lecture 07 - Photography and Documentary Studies
COM 351 Lecture 07 - Photography and Documentary Studies
::2009/01/29::
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"street photography Ireland" Des Byrne Photos
"street photography Ireland" Des Byrne Photos
::2013/02/23::
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TEDxGeorgiaTech - Aubrey Graham - Perceptions Of Suffering: Photography, Aid & The DRC
TEDxGeorgiaTech - Aubrey Graham - Perceptions Of Suffering: Photography, Aid & The DRC
::2011/05/13::
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This Week: Sebastiao Salgado
This Week: Sebastiao Salgado
::2009/10/23::
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Picture Man the Poetry of Photographer Milton Rogovin
Picture Man the Poetry of Photographer Milton Rogovin
::2009/07/23::
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Dorothea Lange
Dorothea Lange's Documentary Photographs
::2012/02/01::
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Telling the Story: Documentary Photography with Thatcher Cook
Telling the Story: Documentary Photography with Thatcher Cook
::2012/06/28::
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Oxford University - 1941 British Higher Education / Social Guidance / Educational Documentary
Oxford University - 1941 British Higher Education / Social Guidance / Educational Documentary
::2013/05/04::
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Ep 173 :: Imogen Cunningham
Ep 173 :: Imogen Cunningham
::2014/02/17::
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Social Documentary
Social Documentary
::2013/05/31::
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Baltimore Photographer 30 Seconds of documentary editorial portrait photography
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::2012/10/03::
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Documentary Photographer Daniel Milnor Photography Tips and Advice
Documentary Photographer Daniel Milnor Photography Tips and Advice
::2011/04/18::
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Don
Don't be afraid to get close Street Photography tips. John Free
::2011/11/14::
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Do Good with your Camera Street Photography tips. John Free
Do Good with your Camera Street Photography tips. John Free
::2011/07/31::
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Another Dimension Street Photography Tips. John Free
Another Dimension Street Photography Tips. John Free
::2011/02/23::
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Insight to Street Photography and Workshops. John Free
Insight to Street Photography and Workshops. John Free
::2011/01/25::
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Camper: Martin Parr on photography
Camper: Martin Parr on photography
::2012/11/06::
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35
Documentary Photographer Mary Ellen Mark
Documentary Photographer Mary Ellen Mark
::2013/11/08::
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The 5 F
The 5 F's of Street Photography. John Free
::2010/12/07::
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Don
Don't be Misunderstood Street Photography tips John Free
::2011/04/04::
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38
Photographer vs Basket ball player Street Photography tips John Free
Photographer vs Basket ball player Street Photography tips John Free
::2011/04/04::
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39
TEDxYerevan - Sara Anjargolian - What the Zulu People Taught Me About Photography and Life
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::2011/10/14::
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40
Social Documentary
Social Documentary
::2014/03/18::
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41
Documentary Wedding Photography - my 2013 review
Documentary Wedding Photography - my 2013 review
::2014/01/18::
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42
Visual Democracy: Dorothea Lange
Visual Democracy: Dorothea Lange
::2008/11/13::
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43
LCC Postgraduate Shows 2013 | MA Photojournalism and Documentary Photography
LCC Postgraduate Shows 2013 | MA Photojournalism and Documentary Photography
::2014/01/17::
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44
Street Photography Tip: Embrace the Grain - Pushing Tri-X to 1600 ISO
Street Photography Tip: Embrace the Grain - Pushing Tri-X to 1600 ISO
::2013/10/17::
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45
Up and Working - Social Documentary
Up and Working - Social Documentary
::2010/01/21::
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46
W. Eugene Smith Pittsburgh Documentary Photography
W. Eugene Smith Pittsburgh Documentary Photography
::2009/04/14::
Play Video
47
Marginal Trades by Supranav Dash
Marginal Trades by Supranav Dash
::2013/12/15::
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48
To see as a photographer sees: Mikhael Subotzky at TEDxStellenbosch
To see as a photographer sees: Mikhael Subotzky at TEDxStellenbosch
::2012/10/17::
Play Video
49
Love and Rage by Tracie Williams (Archive)
Love and Rage by Tracie Williams (Archive)
::2013/05/07::
Play Video
50
COM 351 Lecture 04 - The Research Proposal for a Documentary Project
COM 351 Lecture 04 - The Research Proposal for a Documentary Project
::2009/01/29::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Social documentary photography is the recording of humans in their natural condition with a camera. Often it also refers to a socially critical genre of photography dedicated to showing the life of underprivileged or disadvantaged people.

Origin of social documentary photography[edit]

Bandit's Roost (1888) by Jacob Riis, from How the Other Half Lives.

Social documentary photography has its roots in the 19th Century work of Henry Mayhew, Jacob Riis, and Lewis Hine, but began to take further form through the photographic practice of the Farm Security Administration (FSA). The FSA hired photographers and writers to report and document the plight of poor farmers. Under Roy Stryker, the Information Division of the FSA adopted a goal of "introducing America to Americans." Many noted Depression-era photographers were fostered by the FSA project, including Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, and Gordon Parks. The photographers documented the situation of poor farmers, whose economic existence was threatened, and created a new style with photographic documentation of social problems. FSA made 250,000 images of rural poverty, but only about half survive. These are now housed in the Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress and online.[1] From these some 77,000 different finished photographic prints were originally made for the press, plus 644 color images from 1,600 negatives.

Characteristics of social documentary photography[edit]

Social documentary photography or concerned photography may often be devoted to 'social groups' with socio-economic and cultural similarities, showing living or working conditions perceived as shameful, discriminatory, unjust or harmful. Examples include child labor, child neglect, homelessness, poverty among segments of society, impoverished children and the elderly, and hazardous working conditions. The poor, the social outcasts, or lower classes are portrayed in compassionate observation. The documentary power of the images is associated with the desire for political and social change.

History[edit]

As early as in the 19th century the living conditions of the lower classes were the subject of photography. Henry Mayhew photographed the book London Labour and the London Poor, a representation of the depiction of London's working class.[2] The book was illustrated by woodcuts, from photographs by Beard. Thomas Annan published "Photographs Of The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow, 1868-77", a documentation of the slum areas in Glasgow. Yet another example is the book published by Smith and Thompson in 1877 "Street Life in London", which also documented social life. England was the birthplace of social documentary photography, given the advanced stage of industrialization, and its impact on society.

Child laborer (Lewis Hine, USA, 1908).

In the United States two outstanding photographers got involved at the end of the 19th century in favor of people on the margins of society, Jacob Riis and Lewis Hine. For them the camera was an instrument of accusation against social injustice. In 1890 Jacob Riis documented the living conditions of the unemployed and homeless in New York ("How the Other Half Lives"). He was also interested in the fate of immigrants, many of whom lived in extreme poverty in the New York slums. Riis clearly takes sides for the people he photographed and appeals to the social conscience of society. In 1908 the National Child Labor Committee hired Lewis Wickes Hine, a sociology professor who advocated photography as an educational medium, to document child labor in American industry. In the early 20th century Hine would publish thousands of photographs designed to pull at the nation's heartstrings.[3] Child Labor was widespread in the U.S. in the early 20th century. Lewis Hine equally drew attention to the situation of immigrants. The work of Riis and Hine had political influence. Riis' commitment to the people in the Mulberry Bend neighborhood led to its demolition. The building of schools and educational programs can also be attributed to Riis. Lewis Hines work culminated in a law against child labor, which was repelled shortly after its introduction as a result of the entry of the U.S. into the 1st World War.

An English pioneer of socially committed photography is Bill Brandt who as a photographer was a great artist. Brandt is particularly renowned for his experimental studies of the nude. Brandt moved to England in 1931 and worked for several magazines, for which he published coverages on people affected by the Great Depression. In 1936 he published the illustrated book "The English at Home", in which he portrayed the English class society. He traveled to the Midlands and to northern England where he photographed the effects of the Great Depression.

After 1945 the dedicated, collectively organized social documentary photography no longer was able to gain ground, except in England, where the tradition lingered on a bit longer. The vigorous anti-communism of the McCarthy era had anathematized the engaged, liberal social documentary photography with the verdict of evil. Great documentary photographers of the postwar era, such as W. Eugene Smith, Diane Arbus, Robert Frank, William Klein or Mary Ellen Mark were either lone fighters or were forced to work as story-suppliers for the large illustrated magazines (especially Life). Squeezed into the economic restraints of circulation increases, political outsider positions found little room. Nevertheless photographers devoted themselves to social issues in the second half of the 20th century. Thus W. Eugene Smith documented in the late 1960s the fate of the inhabitants of the Japanese fishing village of Minamata who had fallen ill as a result of mercury poisoning.

A important social documentary photographer of the present is Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado, who has published an impressive documentation of the industrial age ("Workers: An Archaeology of the Industrial Age", 1993, includes photos from 26 countries). Another central theme of his work is the global phenomenon of migration, which he documented in the publications "The Children: Refugees and Migrants" (2000) and "Migrations" (2000, includes photos from 39 countries). In both documentaries he demonstrated the incredible plight of refugees in many countries around the world Salgado contributes to a differentiated public awareness and supports the work of UNICEF.

Manuel Rivera-Ortiz: Tobacco Harvesting, Valle de Viñales, Cuba 2002

British photojournalist Don McCullin has specialised in examining the underside of society, and his photographs have depicted the unemployed, downtrodden and the impoverished. He is also recognised for his war photography and images of urban strife. A younger representative of social documentary photography of the present is Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, an independent photographer documenting the lives of people in developing countries. Affected by his own experience of growing up poor in rural Puerto Rico, Rivera-Ortiz refers to his work as a celebration of life, in poverty.

Acceptance by the art world[edit]

Since the late 1970s, social documentary photography has increasingly been accorded a place in art galleries alongside fine art photography. Luc Delahaye, Manuel Rivera-Ortiz and the members of VII Photo Agency are among many who regularly exhibit in galleries and museums.[4]

Border areas and related genres[edit]

Some photographers address social issues without dedicated advocacy for the victims of social inequality and grievance, such as Diane Arbus or Tina Barney. While Arbus created haunting images of disabled and other people on the margins of society, Barney documented the life of the white upper class in New England. Social documentary in the literal sense are multifaceted documentations from workaday life in certain cities, landscapes and cultures. The examples are equally varied as the opportunities. Roman Vishniac may be mentioned as a characteristic representative, who documented Jewish life in Eastern Europe prior to the Holocaust (Verschwundene Welt, A Vanished World)|.[5] Another genre close to the procedures and results of social documentary photography can be found in the ethnographic photography that often documents people in precarious situations, however intending to document disappearing traditions, clothing or living conditions.

Social Realism is an artistic movement, expressed in the visual and other realist arts, which depicts working class activities as heroic. Many artists who subscribed to Social Realism were painters with socialist political views. The movement therefore has some commonalities with the Socialist Realism used in certain Communist nations.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 164,000 FSA photographs, Library of Congress
  2. ^ London Labour and the London Poor; selections made and introduced by Victor Neuburg, Penguin Classics 1985, ISBN 0-14-043241-8
  3. ^ "History of NCLC". National Child Labor Committee. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008. 
  4. ^ Malo, Alejandro. "Documentary Art". ZoneZero. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  5. ^ Roman Vishniac, A Vanished World, Penguin Books Ltd, London 1983; ISBN 0-7139-1635-4

Further reading[edit]

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