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Sailing the Tuamotus and Society Islands - MY Gattopardo
Sailing the Tuamotus and Society Islands - MY Gattopardo
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: Jez Jones
Maupiti, Society Islands
Maupiti, Society Islands
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: Francesca Whetter
society islands // FRENCH POLYNESIA
society islands // FRENCH POLYNESIA
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Nicholas Owen
8 Gorgeous Society Islands
8 Gorgeous Society Islands
Published: 2015/08/08
Channel: Social Bubble
Paul Gauguin Cruises - Tahiti, Bora Bora, Society Islands
Paul Gauguin Cruises - Tahiti, Bora Bora, Society Islands
Published: 2012/06/22
Channel: The Roaming Boomers
Landing 29 Bora Bora C337 with FlightScene Tahiti and Society Islands (Prepar3D v3.4)
Landing 29 Bora Bora C337 with FlightScene Tahiti and Society Islands (Prepar3D v3.4)
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Vincent Bazillio
FRENCH POLYNESIA - PART 2, SOCIETY ISLANDS - TAHITI
FRENCH POLYNESIA - PART 2, SOCIETY ISLANDS - TAHITI
Published: 2014/12/14
Channel: Zoran Majkic
Tahiti Islands
Tahiti Islands
Published: 2010/03/14
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Huahine  Society Islands French Polynesia 2014
Huahine Society Islands French Polynesia 2014
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Amos Raviv
Delos Explores the Society Islands- Sailing SV Delos Ep.10
Delos Explores the Society Islands- Sailing SV Delos Ep.10
Published: 2010/10/06
Channel: Sailing SV Delos
Society Islands aboard Eventide
Society Islands aboard Eventide
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Sail Eventide
LISA Akoya in Society Islands
LISA Akoya in Society Islands
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: Flights Worldwide 〈 Videos
The Society Islands - Blood Tide
The Society Islands - Blood Tide
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Elettravanguardia Bassoferrarese
Society Islands Adventure
Society Islands Adventure '13
Published: 2014/01/03
Channel: Meghan Rogers
South Pacific Sailing 2012 - Marquesas, Tuamotus & Society Islands
South Pacific Sailing 2012 - Marquesas, Tuamotus & Society Islands
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: Valder Brekin
French Polynesia
French Polynesia's Society Islands
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: ValsHandmadeImports
Paul Gauguin Tahiti & Society Islands Cruise 2015
Paul Gauguin Tahiti & Society Islands Cruise 2015
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Mark Ramsey
Touring "Bora Bora" in French Polynesia, one of the Society Islands in the Southern Pacific.
Touring "Bora Bora" in French Polynesia, one of the Society Islands in the Southern Pacific.
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Pierre Repooc Productions
Bora Bora C337 Island tour with FlightScene Tahiti and Society Islands (Prepar3D v3.4)
Bora Bora C337 Island tour with FlightScene Tahiti and Society Islands (Prepar3D v3.4)
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Vincent Bazillio
FlightScene Tahiti and Society Islands (Prepar3D v3.4)
FlightScene Tahiti and Society Islands (Prepar3D v3.4)
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Vincent Bazillio
Tahiti, Bora Bora and the Society Islands
Tahiti, Bora Bora and the Society Islands
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: Rodney George
Society Islands (reupload)
Society Islands (reupload)
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: Francesca Whetter
Paul Gauguin Cruises Tahiti & Society Islands
Paul Gauguin Cruises Tahiti & Society Islands
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: CruiseReport
Society Islands of French Polynesia (trailer)
Society Islands of French Polynesia (trailer)
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: wynterseaproductions
Glimpses of Aitutaki & the Society Islands
Glimpses of Aitutaki & the Society Islands
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Vahinemoena
morning_star_(long_version)_1280x720.mov
morning_star_(long_version)_1280x720.mov
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Mark C. Callaway
Society Islands of French Polynesia part 1 of 2
Society Islands of French Polynesia part 1 of 2
Published: 2007/06/28
Channel: massjag
Bora Bora tour island 2016 hd
Bora Bora tour island 2016 hd
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: The Best Travel Destinations 2016
Paul Gauguin Cruises - Tahiti, Bora Bora, Society Islands
Paul Gauguin Cruises - Tahiti, Bora Bora, Society Islands
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: Qualitours Cruises & Tours
Society Islands:
Society Islands: 'Upa-'Upa - Tamaru
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Epicure
Flightscene Tahiti and Society Islands
Flightscene Tahiti and Society Islands
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Mirks331
Honeymoon Sailing Taha
Honeymoon Sailing Taha'a to Bora Bora aboard "Te Miti" Society Islands French Polynesia
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: chrissyscher
Cooks Bay, Moorea, Society Islands
Cooks Bay, Moorea, Society Islands
Published: 2012/12/15
Channel: SV Tanga
Tahiti & The Society Islands: The Wind Song
Tahiti & The Society Islands: The Wind Song
Published: 2008/02/14
Channel: LearnMediaOfAmerica
French Polynesia, Society islands
French Polynesia, Society islands
Published: 2007/04/21
Channel: tahitinuicompanies
The Society Islands - Archer
The Society Islands - Archer
Published: 2012/08/31
Channel: Carlos Zafon
Huahine Society Islands, French Polynesia Video and Interview
Huahine Society Islands, French Polynesia Video and Interview
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Berman Travel
FSJ Society Islands - Tahiti traffic test
FSJ Society Islands - Tahiti traffic test
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: javitrin vega
Hokulea, Hikianalia island-hop in the Society Islands
Hokulea, Hikianalia island-hop in the Society Islands
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: KHON2 News
Society Islands, French Polynesia and surroundings traveler photos - TripAdvisor TripWow
Society Islands, French Polynesia and surroundings traveler photos - TripAdvisor TripWow
Published: 2010/12/07
Channel: TripAdvisorTRIPWOW
Snorkeling in Bora Bora, Society Islands, French Polynesia
Snorkeling in Bora Bora, Society Islands, French Polynesia
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: Margo Kelley
Moorea, Society Islands II 2007
Moorea, Society Islands II 2007
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Robert Rosen
Snorkeling in Taha
Snorkeling in Taha'a, Society Islands, French Polynesia
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: Margo Kelley
FRENCH POLYNESIA SOCIETY ISLANDS
FRENCH POLYNESIA SOCIETY ISLANDS
Published: 2010/09/05
Channel: tipanie annick
HWRV.block1. borabora, Society islands
HWRV.block1. borabora, Society islands
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Shyanne Galligher Sheldon
Stationary Hund w/ The Society Islands - Filing Cabinet (live)
Stationary Hund w/ The Society Islands - Filing Cabinet (live)
Published: 2009/05/10
Channel: stationaryhund
The Underwater Life - Society Islands Snorkeling 2008
The Underwater Life - Society Islands Snorkeling 2008
Published: 2008/07/03
Channel: jrgongras
French Polynesia & Cook Islands  Family Vacation  2015
French Polynesia & Cook Islands Family Vacation 2015
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: Nick Bowles
World Beat: Tahiti, Society Islands (video #3)
World Beat: Tahiti, Society Islands (video #3)
Published: 2010/10/01
Channel: IslandGetaways
Bora Bora, Society Islands 2007
Bora Bora, Society Islands 2007
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Robert Rosen
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Society Islands
Native name: Îles de la Société
Flag of the Society Islands.svg
Flag
Karta FP Societe isl.PNG
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 17°32′S 149°50′W / 17.533°S 149.833°W / -17.533; -149.833Coordinates: 17°32′S 149°50′W / 17.533°S 149.833°W / -17.533; -149.833
Archipelago Society Islands
Major islands Tahiti, Moorea, Raiatea, Bora Bora, Huahine
Area 1,590 km2 (610 sq mi)
Highest elevation 2,241 m (7,352 ft)
Highest point Mont Orohena
Administration
France
Overseas collectivity French Polynesia
Largest settlement Papeete (capital) (pop. 133,627 urban)
Demographics
Population 235,295 [1] (2012)
Pop. density 148 /km2 (383 /sq mi)

The Society Islands (French: Îles de la Société or officially Archipel de la Société; Tahitian: Tōtaiete mā) includes a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. It is, politically and legally, part of French Polynesia. The archipelago is believed to have been named by Captain James Cook during his first voyage in 1769, supposedly in honour of the Royal Society, the sponsor of the first British scientific survey of the islands; however, Cook, himself, stated in his journal that he called the islands Society "as they lay contiguous to one another."[2]

Geography[edit]

The islands are divided, both geographically and administratively, into two groups:

The islands became a French protectorate in 1843 and a colony in 1880. They have a population of 235,295 inhabitants (as of 2012).[1] They cover a land area of 1,590 square kilometres (610 sq mi).

History[edit]

The islanders explain their origins in term of a myth. The feathered god Ta'aroa lay in his shell. He called out but no-one answered, so he went back into his shell, where he stayed for aeons. When he came out he changed his body into the multi-layered dome of the sky. Other parts of his body he transformed into Papa-fenua, the earth. Other parts he made into Te Tuma, the ata, or shadow of his phallus. Ta'aroa said, "Cast your eyes on my phallus. Gaze upon it and insert it in the earth." He came down to earth at "Opoa in Havai'i" (now Ra'iatea), one of the most sacred places in the Society Islands. Other gods were created, and these ran directly into the time of the people. The high chiefs or ari'i rahi were descendants from the gods, reckoned to be forty generation previously. In their presence commoners showed respect by stripping to the waist. The high chiefs erected marae as places of worship.

HMS Resolution and Discovery in Huahine, commanded by James Cook

In the generations before Europeans arrived, a cult called 'Oro-maro-'ura developed: the cult of the red-feathered girdle. This became a tangible symbol of the chief's power. Key followers of the 'Oro cult were the 'arioi, who lived separately from the common people. They wore scented flowers and adorned themselves with scents and scarlet-dyed cloth. The head of each 'arioi group was heavily tattooed from ankle to thigh and known as a blackleg. Both male and female blacklegs were a privileged group but they were forbidden to have children. Their babies were all killed at birth. They received and gave lavish presents. They had a wide range of artistic skills and could be priests, navigators and lore specialists. Only good-looking men or women could become 'arioi. They played a crucial role in ceremonies associated with birth, deaths and marriage.[3]

The first European explorers arrived in 1722. Jacob Roggeveen's Dutch West Indian Expedition was shipwrecked on Takapoto. Survivors managed to row to another small island and islanders were killed with muskets. In 1765 John Byron's two British ships, including HMS Dolphin, briefly visited the area. In 1767 HMS Dolphin returned, now under Captain Samuel Wallis. The captain and crew were quite sick with scurvy on arrival and were keen to obtain fresh food. The islanders who had learnt about iron 45 years earlier were delighted at the abundance of iron on the ship and tried to board the ship. After several contacts, when natives attempted to take iron fittings Wallis was forced to shoot cannon to regain control.[4]

Europeans quickly found that the islanders were desperate to obtain iron. The sailors found that young women and girls were eager to exchange sex for a nail, which was used for woodworking and as fish-hooks. Traditionally young women had offered themselves to ancestor gods in the form of chiefs or other high status individuals. Some rituals involved chiefs having sex with virgins in public view, and this was offered to some European captains and officers, who declined.[5]

Louis de Bougainville, a French nobleman, sailor and soldier, led an expedition to the Society Islands in 1766.[6] He arrived with a crew stricken with scurvy. Despite the crew being twice as big as the Dolphin′s, the islanders had sufficient food to trade their surplus for axes, knives and other iron goods.[7]

Transport[edit]

Each of the Society Islands has a small airport. Fa'a'ā International Airport is located in Tahiti, and is the largest airport in the Society Islands.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française (in French). Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Horwitz, Tony. Oct. 2003, Blue Latitudes: Boldly Going Where Captain Cook Has Gone Before, Bloomsbury, ISBN 0-7475-6455-8
  3. ^ Salmond, Anne; Aphrodite's Island. The European Discovery of Tahiti, Penguin/North Shore, 2009, pp. 23-28
  4. ^ Salmond, pp. 39-47
  5. ^ Salmond, pp. 67-68
  6. ^ Bougainville, Voyage autour du Monde
  7. ^ Salmond, pp. 90-96

External links[edit]

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