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Why does Ieodo belong to Korea? [Insight]
Why does Ieodo belong to Korea? [Insight]
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Japan
Japan's air defense zone encroaches on both Ieodo and Marado
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
[ENG Subtitles] Jeju Haenyeo divers and their traditional work song "Ieodo Sana"
[ENG Subtitles] Jeju Haenyeo divers and their traditional work song "Ieodo Sana"
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: kjkj927
SOREA Band (소리아밴드) -
SOREA Band (소리아밴드) - 'IeodoSana (이어도사나)' at Blue House Performance
Published: 2011/08/16
Channel: SOREA TV
DAY BREAK 06:00 Japan
DAY BREAK 06:00 Japan's air defense zone encroaches on both Ieodo and Marado
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: ARIRANG TV
이어도Ieodo독수리5형제-HAFSpeaceforum-용인외고.mpg
이어도Ieodo독수리5형제-HAFSpeaceforum-용인외고.mpg
Published: 2012/05/29
Channel: JiyunKimKJY
Cool-Jae HUH, Kyrie from Missa IEODO (이어도)
Cool-Jae HUH, Kyrie from Missa IEODO (이어도)
Published: 2011/01/31
Channel: cooljhuh
이어도 Ieoh Island (1977)
이어도 Ieoh Island (1977)
Published: 2012/05/01
Channel: KoreanFilm
이어도Ieodo이야기_HAFSpeaceforum용인외고.wmv
이어도Ieodo이야기_HAFSpeaceforum용인외고.wmv
Published: 2012/05/29
Channel: EunSung Jang
Ieodo
Ieodo
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: judyfly
ieodo
ieodo
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: Seunghoon Lim
정태춘 - 떠나가는 배(이어도) Jeong Tae-choon - Leaving Boat(Ieodo Island) (1993)
정태춘 - 떠나가는 배(이어도) Jeong Tae-choon - Leaving Boat(Ieodo Island) (1993)
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: windbird
After 파라다이스 이어도 NORIANMARO
After 파라다이스 이어도 NORIANMARO 'After Paradise-Ieodo' highright ver
Published: 2013/05/17
Channel: ke ryu
Ieodo, whose territory is it?
Ieodo, whose territory is it?
Published: 2012/07/10
Channel: Vank prkorea
Korea beefs up surveillance over Ieodo after air zone expansion
Korea beefs up surveillance over Ieodo after air zone expansion
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Suyan Rock 苏岩礁 Socotra Rock Torishima 鳥島 Ieodo Iŏdo 이어도 離於島 Parangdo P
Suyan Rock 苏岩礁 Socotra Rock Torishima 鳥島 Ieodo Iŏdo 이어도 離於島 Parangdo P'arangdo 파랑도 波浪島
Published: 2009/12/04
Channel: exor2222
Korean defense minister says Ieodo should be included in country
Korean defense minister says Ieodo should be included in country's air defense zone
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Korea says China
Korea says China's air defense zone will not raise territorial dispute
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
일산 킨텍스2017 해양 수산. 양식. 식품 박람회 이어도 Marine fisheries. form. Food fair  ieodo海洋水産。フォーム。食品博覧会
일산 킨텍스2017 해양 수산. 양식. 식품 박람회 이어도 Marine fisheries. form. Food fair ieodo海洋水産。フォーム。食品博覧会
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: 왓따 TV
Ieodo - You don
Ieodo - You don't need to know that, 이어도(대구전문대) - 몰라도 돼, MBC College Musici
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: MBCfestival
Blackmagic Ursa mini 4.6k [ 이어도사나 ]
Blackmagic Ursa mini 4.6k [ 이어도사나 ]
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: CINEMA GRAPHY
노리안마로 After 파라다이스 이어도 NORIANMARO
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Published: 2013/05/17
Channel: ke ryu
[The AsiaN Video for Indonesian] Mengapa Ieodo Penting
[The AsiaN Video for Indonesian] Mengapa Ieodo Penting
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: THEAsiaNasia1
Olleyo Resort (Seogwipo, South Korea)
Olleyo Resort (Seogwipo, South Korea)
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Top Hotels Best Prices
Japan
Japan's air defense zone encroaches on both Ieodo and Marado
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: ManSoo Lee
[The AsiaN Video for Indonesian] Korea Tetap Melabeli Pergerakan Cina Atas Ieodo
[The AsiaN Video for Indonesian] Korea Tetap Melabeli Pergerakan Cina Atas Ieodo
Published: 2012/09/30
Channel: THEAsiaNasia1
In the Newsroom - Ep93C03 Extension of Korea
In the Newsroom - Ep93C03 Extension of Korea's Air Defense Identification Zone for the first time in 62-years
Published: 2013/12/16
Channel: ARIRANG ISSUE
Marine Port Resort (Seogwipo, South Korea)
Marine Port Resort (Seogwipo, South Korea)
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: Top Hotels Best Prices
South Korea to redraw its ADIZ to compete with China
South Korea to redraw its ADIZ to compete with China
Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: Steve Miller
Chinese military aircraft violate S.Korea
Chinese military aircraft violate S.Korea's ADIZ / YTN
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: YTN NEWS
DAY BREAK 06:00 China
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Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: ARIRANG TV
Etier Resort (Seogwipo, South Korea)
Etier Resort (Seogwipo, South Korea)
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Top Hotels Best Prices
Conversation: China and South Korea Compete in the Yellow Sea
Conversation: China and South Korea Compete in the Yellow Sea
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: STRATFORvideo
Chinese military planes enter Korean and Japanese air defense zones
Chinese military planes enter Korean and Japanese air defense zones
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
이상은 Lee Sang Eun ■ 12집: Romantopia (2005)
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Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Ruby Kang
South Korea announces expanded air defence zone
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Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: lntidings
Chinese military planes enter Korean and Japanese air defense zones
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Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
China angers South Korea by flying over disputed island
China angers South Korea by flying over disputed island
Published: 2017/12/19
Channel: Hot News
South Korea to expand air defense identification zone
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Published: 2014/01/09
Channel: TomoNews US
SKorea Defence Minister says gvt plans to extend air defence zone
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Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
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Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: ARIRANG TV
Chinese military planes enter Korean and Japanese air defense zones
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Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Jeju Joeun Resort - Seogwipo  - Korea, Republic of
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Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Tips for Travelers
ebs 1128 Headlines+NewsCloseUp
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Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: EBSMorningSpecial
Airbus′ aerial tankers to extend operation time up to 4 times   급유기 도입으로 공군 작전 시
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Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
DAY BREAK 06:00 Biden arrives in Korea amid soured Korea-Japan ties
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Published: 2013/12/06
Channel: ARIRANG TV
Airbus′ aerial tankers to extend operation time up to 4 times   급유기 도입으로 공군 작전 시
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Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Korea to finalize plans to expand air defense zone this week
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Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
South Korea Refuses To Be Bullied By China; Expands Own ADIZ
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Published: 2013/12/08
Channel: PrOgReSziVe FiLiPiNaS
Air defense zone high on agenda of Korea-China defense strategy talks
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Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Socotra Rock)
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Coordinates: 32°07′22.63″N 125°10′56.81″E / 32.1229528°N 125.1824472°E / 32.1229528; 125.1824472

Ieodo
Socotra Rock.png
Socotra Rock location map
Summit depth 4.6m
Translation
  • Ieodo (이어도, 離於島)
  • Parangdo (파랑도, 波浪島)[1]
Location
Location Yellow Sea
Coordinates 32°07′22.63″N 125°10′56.81″E / 32.1229528°N 125.1824472°E / 32.1229528; 125.1824472
Ieodo
Hangul 이어도
Hanja 離於島
Revised Romanization Ieodo
McCune–Reischauer Iŏdo
Parangdo
Hangul 파랑도
Hanja 波浪島
Revised Romanization Parangdo
McCune–Reischauer P'arangdo

Ieodo (Hangul이어도; Hanja離於島; MRIŏdo) is a submerged rock 4.6 metres (15 ft) below sea level (at low tide) located in the Yellow Sea. International maritime law stipulates that a submerged rock outside of a nation's territorial sea (generally 12 nautical miles) can not be claimed as territory by any nation.[2] However, the rock is the subject of a maritime dispute between South Korea and China, which consider it to lie within their respective exclusive economic zones.

The rock is located 149 kilometres (80 nmi; 93 mi) southwest of Marado (just off Jeju island) in Korea.[3] For China, Yushan Island of Zhejiang,[4] is 287 km (178 mi) away from the rock. The rock serves as the foundation for Korean Ieodo Ocean Research Station.[5] A Korean helipad is also located there to allow the research station to be serviced.

Names[edit]

In Korean, the rock itselfs is known as Ieodo. And internationally known as Socotra Rock, and in Chinese, the rock itselfs is known as Suyan Rock (Chinese: 苏岩礁; pinyin: sūyánjiāo), which means the "rock" (岩, yán) or "reef" (礁, jiāo) outside the coastal waters of Jiangsu (苏, sū, the abbreviation).[6]

History[edit]

sea mount

Both "Parangdo" and "Ieodo" are names for the mythical island which the residents of Jeju island believed housed the spirits of fishermen who perished at sea. The South Korean government has asserted a direct connection between these legends and the modern-day rock, claiming that the traditional saying that "One who sees Parangdo would never return" refers to the danger facing sailors when high waves allow the rock to break the surface.[1][7] Koreans even name the studies about Ieodo as "Ieodology".[8] Socotra Rock's Korean name was officially designated as "Ieodo" on 26 January 2001, by the Korea Institute of Geology.[9]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1900: Socotra Rock is discovered by the British merchant vessel Socotra.[1]
  • 1910: Socotra Rock is surveyed by the British vessel Waterwitch, which measures the depth at less than 5.4 feet (1.6 m).[7] Vice Admiral Archibald Day, however, wrote in his book The Admiralty Hydrographic Service, 1795 - 1919 that this survey was 1901 not 1910.[10]
  • 1938: The Japanese government surveys the rock. Plans are laid for a research station, but are cut short by the outbreak of World War II.[7]
  • 1951: A joint team of the Republic of Korea Navy and the Korea Mountain Climbing Association reaches the rock and lowers a bronze marker bearing the legend "Ieodo, Territory of the Republic of Korea" ("대한민국 영토 이어도") onto its surface.[7]
  • 1952: South Korea promulgates the Syngman Rhee line, which defined the country's territorial waters as including Socotra Rock.[11] This was not recognised by the People's Republic of China or other neighbouring countries.
  • 1963: Yuejin shipwreck: The Chinese vessel Yuejin sinks on her maiden voyage en route from Qingdao to Nagoya after being struck by an underwater object. The crew of the ship claimed to have been attacked by a torpedo, causing an international affair. It was later found that due to a navigational error by the crew, the "Yuejin" had actually struck Socotra Rock which was marked on navigational charts at the time.[12] This was not recognized by the Koreas or other neighboring countries.
  • 1963 5.1-6.3,Shanghai Riverway Bureau fleet finds the shipwreck 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km) southeast of Socotra Rock.[13]
  • 1970: South Korea's Underwater Resource Development Law was enacted, defining Socotra Rock to lie within the country's fourth mining field.[11] This move was not recognised by the PRC.
  • 1984: The rock's location is confirmed by a research team from Cheju National University.[1]
  • 1987: A warning beacon is placed on the rock by South Korea.[7]
  • 1992: Chinese Navy surveyed the Socotra Rock completely for the first time.[14]
  • 1995-2001: the Republic of Korea builds the Ieodo Ocean Research Station on Socotra Rock despite the objections from People's Republic of China. Several overflights of the area have since been made by the PRC surveillance aircraft.[15]
  • 2001: the Korea Institute of Geology officially designates the rock as "Ieodo" on 26 January 2001.[9][16]

Dispute[edit]

According to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, a submerged reef can not be claimed as territory by any country.[17] However, China and South Korea dispute which is entitled to claim it as part of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).[18]

In September 2006, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang (秦刚) told reporters that China objects to South Korea's "unilateral" activities in the region, referring to Korean science observation facilities on this reef island, which the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman has claimed to be "illegal". However, Chinese reports notes that Qin Gang said the two countries never had a "territorial dispute", not mentioning any islands.[19] In 2013, the PRC clarified their position by stating that China had no dispute with Korea on the issue.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "파랑도". Naver Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2006-09-16. 
  2. ^ "Sightings of Chinese Ships near Ieodo Island Increasing". KBS WORLD. 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  3. ^ "" '이어도는 우리 땅' 임을 명확히 하겠다"‥ 영토 표지석 건립 추진" ["We will declare that 'Ieodo is Korean territory'" ─ It will promote the building of landmark stone of territory] (in Korean). 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2015-02-18. 
  4. ^ (in Chinese)海洋资源被非法掠夺 中国海洋安全面临挑战. 河南商报. 2006-10-26. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  5. ^ Guo, Rongxing (2006). Territorial disputes and resource management : a global handbook. New York: Nova Science Pub Inc. p. 226. ISBN 1-600-21445-2. 
  6. ^ (in Chinese) "中国国情·热词·苏岩礁". china.com.cn. 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "이어도 소개 (Ieodo sogae, Introduction to Ieodo". KORDI Ieodo Research Station website (This site might have view points in dispute or original research)) (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2006-07-17. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  8. ^ (in Chinese)张良福:《聚焦中国海疆·话说苏岩礁》, page 255, ISBN 978-7-5027-8578-9
  9. ^ a b "제주 남방의 이어도와 EEZ(배타적경제수역)포기 (Jeju nambang-ui ieodo-wa EEZ pogi, Ieodo south of Jeju and the surrender of the EEZ)". Dokdo Center website (in Korean). 2004-06-05. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  10. ^ Day, Vice-Admiral Archibald Day (1967). The Admiralty Hydrographic Service, 1795 - 1919. London: HMSO. p. 200. 
  11. ^ a b 국제법적인 고찰. Ieodo Research Station website (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2006-07-06. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  12. ^ (in Chinese)"1963年5月1日 我国第一艘远洋货轮"跃进号"沉没 ("Yuejin shipwreck" event)". 人民网资料 (People's Daily Online). Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  13. ^ (in Chinese)"航道工程·第四节:市外工程 (Project list)". 《上海港志》(Shanghai Harbor Records). Retrieved 2006-09-23. 
  14. ^ (in Chinese)沈开江:海军海洋测绘部队东海苏岩礁测量填补空白,海洋科学,1993,(第1期), ISSN 1000-3096
  15. ^ "China Chafes at Korean Observatory on Reef Island". Chosun Ilbo. 2006-09-14. Archived from the original on 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2006-09-14. 
  16. ^ (in Korean) 한-중 간 이어도 분쟁에 관한 국제법적인 고찰((International)legal consideration to dispute between Republic of Korea and People's Republic of China over Socotra Rock(Ieodo))Monthly Chosun, Chosun ilbo Retrieved on 2006-09-20
  17. ^ "UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF THE SEA, AGREEMENT RELATING TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PART XI OF THE CONVENTION, PART II TERRITORIAL SEA AND CONTIGUOUS ZONE, SECTION 2. LIMITS OF THE TERRITORIAL SEA, Article13 Low-tide elevations". United Nation. 2. Where a low-tide elevation is wholly situated at a distance exceeding the breadth of the territorial sea from the mainland or an island, it has no territorial sea of its own. 
  18. ^ Sang-Hun, Choe (27 November 2013). "China's Airspace Claim Inflames Ties to South Korea, Too". The New York Times. 
  19. ^ (in Chinese) 中国反对韩国在苏岩礁海洋观测活动(China objects Korean Observatory on Reef Island)Phoenix TV Retrieved on 2006-09-19.
  20. ^ "China says 'no dispute' with S. Korea over Ieodo in new air zone". www.globalpost.com. Yonhap News Agency. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

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