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What is Software Framework
What is Software Framework
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Software and Testing Training
What is the difference between a framework and a library?
What is the difference between a framework and a library?
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Sherif Ramadan
Programming Frameworks: Which Ones To Learn?
Programming Frameworks: Which Ones To Learn?
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Simple Programmer
What is SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK? What does SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK mean? SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK meaning
What is SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK? What does SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK mean? SOFTWARE FRAMEWORK meaning
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: The Audiopedia
Why You Need An Automation Testing Framework
Why You Need An Automation Testing Framework
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: Simple Programmer
Frameworks - Web Development
Frameworks - Web Development
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: Udacity
Frameworks and Types Of Frameworks
Frameworks and Types Of Frameworks
Published: 2014/10/21
Channel: Durga Software Solutions
Library vs Framework 1 - JavaScript Design Patterns
Library vs Framework 1 - JavaScript Design Patterns
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: Udacity
Deep Learning Frameworks Compared
Deep Learning Frameworks Compared
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Siraj Raval
Web Framework Basics
Web Framework Basics
Published: 2015/12/13
Channel: Dave Xiang
Programming Language vs Software Technology vs Framework Part-1 | Hibernate Tutorial
Programming Language vs Software Technology vs Framework Part-1 | Hibernate Tutorial
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Naresh i Technologies
Software Framework
Software Framework
Published: 2013/12/31
Channel: Jasbir Hanjra
The No.1 Frontend Web Framework
The No.1 Frontend Web Framework
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: WEBteam University
Web Front End Framework
Web Front End Framework
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: Embarcadero Technologies
[Flex framework] making enterprise software without coding
[Flex framework] making enterprise software without coding
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: Nguyen Phuong
All about Automation Frameworks. How to build a test automation framework? Keyword, Data-Driven, POM
All about Automation Frameworks. How to build a test automation framework? Keyword, Data-Driven, POM
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: Karthik elearn
Laravel 5.2 tutorial for beginners 01- Learn and Understand Laravel PHP Framework
Laravel 5.2 tutorial for beginners 01- Learn and Understand Laravel PHP Framework
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Anushka Madusanka
Atmel Software Framework, Getting Started, Part 1
Atmel Software Framework, Getting Started, Part 1
Published: 2012/02/27
Channel: Microchip Makes
Introduction to Building the Test Automation Framework
Introduction to Building the Test Automation Framework
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: William Echlin
A software design process for the Atmel Software Framework
A software design process for the Atmel Software Framework
Published: 2012/05/09
Channel: Microchip Makes
Getting started with Lapis, the web framework
Getting started with Lapis, the web framework
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: leafotc
Atmel Software Framework Design: Starting With a Board (Part 1 of 5)
Atmel Software Framework Design: Starting With a Board (Part 1 of 5)
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: Microchip Makes
Framework, Qualidade de Software e Tipos de Profissionais - Papo Web #06
Framework, Qualidade de Software e Tipos de Profissionais - Papo Web #06
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: UpInside Treinamentos
Programming Language vs Software Technology vs Framework  Part-2 - Hibernate Tutorial
Programming Language vs Software Technology vs Framework Part-2 - Hibernate Tutorial
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Naresh i Technologies
Creating A Test Automation Framework Architecture With Selenium (Step-By-Step)
Creating A Test Automation Framework Architecture With Selenium (Step-By-Step)
Published: 2014/11/23
Channel: Simple Programmer
How To Explain Selenium Test Automation Framework In The Interview
How To Explain Selenium Test Automation Framework In The Interview
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Software Testing Material
Ajax Framework Tutorial JavaScript Module Programming PHP Script Included
Ajax Framework Tutorial JavaScript Module Programming PHP Script Included
Published: 2013/01/11
Channel: Adam Khoury
Everyware Software Framework - Best Software of 2009
Everyware Software Framework - Best Software of 2009
Published: 2010/02/09
Channel: EurotechFan
Basic about framework
Basic about framework
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: Rahul Rathore
Building Bots that work across social apps with Microsoft Bot Framework
Building Bots that work across social apps with Microsoft Bot Framework
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: GTM Catalyst
Agile Methodology Episode 1 -- Scrum Framework
Agile Methodology Episode 1 -- Scrum Framework
Published: 2013/12/01
Channel: Anurag Saksena
How To Scale Scrum for Large Software Teams | The Nexus Framework from Scrum.org
How To Scale Scrum for Large Software Teams | The Nexus Framework from Scrum.org
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: SSW TV | Videos for developers, by developers
Understanding Dot Net Framework (Hindi)
Understanding Dot Net Framework (Hindi)
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: BantuTechTips
Atmel Software Framework Design: Using Interrupts With the Timer Counter (Part 2 of 5)
Atmel Software Framework Design: Using Interrupts With the Timer Counter (Part 2 of 5)
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: Microchip Makes
EclipseCon 2016: Multi-Mission Operations & Planning Software Framework (CSA)
EclipseCon 2016: Multi-Mission Operations & Planning Software Framework (CSA)
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: Regent L'Archeveque
UART for Standard I/O stdio in ASF (Atmel Software Framework)
UART for Standard I/O stdio in ASF (Atmel Software Framework)
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: startingelectronics
Atmel Software Framework Design: Building an HID-Compliant Mouse (Part 3 of 5)
Atmel Software Framework Design: Building an HID-Compliant Mouse (Part 3 of 5)
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: Microchip Makes
Netty - One Framework to rule them all by Norman Maurer
Netty - One Framework to rule them all by Norman Maurer
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Devoxx
What is .net and .net framework
What is .net and .net framework
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: Durga Software Solutions
SiPL - A Delta-based Modeling Framework For Software Product Line Engineering
SiPL - A Delta-based Modeling Framework For Software Product Line Engineering
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: Manuel Ohrndorf
Creating Automation Framework From Scratch
Creating Automation Framework From Scratch
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: sriram angajala
DIGISTELL v3 Removable Partial Framework Software | SHINING 3D Dental CAD Suite
DIGISTELL v3 Removable Partial Framework Software | SHINING 3D Dental CAD Suite
Published: 2014/01/25
Channel: SHINING 3D
Building NUnit Selenium C# & Visual Studio Software Testing Framework
Building NUnit Selenium C# & Visual Studio Software Testing Framework
Published: 2015/11/23
Channel: TrainingRite Selenium SoapUI UFT
How to check which versions of .Net Framework are installed on your computer running Windows 8
How to check which versions of .Net Framework are installed on your computer running Windows 8
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: troubleshooterrors
Repository Pattern with C# and Entity Framework, Done Right
Repository Pattern with C# and Entity Framework, Done Right
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: Programming with Mosh
Test Automation Framework Using Open Source Tools
Test Automation Framework Using Open Source Tools
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: Idexcel
Splinter Python Test Framework for Functional Web Testing
Splinter Python Test Framework for Functional Web Testing
Published: 2014/03/08
Channel: DevNami
exocad Technology Preview: Partial Framework Design
exocad Technology Preview: Partial Framework Design
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: exocad GmbH
Merlin: a software framework for MAGE
Merlin: a software framework for MAGE
Published: 2012/03/23
Channel: CIDAR LAB
Managing Growth and Profits with inLab Partial Framework Software
Managing Growth and Profits with inLab Partial Framework Software
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Lab by Dentsply Sirona
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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In computer programming, a software framework is an abstraction in which software providing generic functionality can be selectively changed by additional user-written code, thus providing application-specific software. A software framework provides a standard way to build and deploy applications. A software framework is a universal, reusable software environment that provides particular functionality as part of a larger software platform to facilitate development of software applications, products and solutions. Software frameworks may include support programs, compilers, code libraries, tool sets, and application programming interfaces (APIs) that bring together all the different components to enable development of a project or system.

Frameworks have key distinguishing features that separate them from normal libraries:

  • inversion of control: In a framework, unlike in libraries or in standard user applications, the overall program's flow of control is not dictated by the caller, but by the framework.[1]
  • extensibility: A user can extend the framework - usually by selective overriding; or programmers can add specialized user code to provide specific functionality.
  • non-modifiable framework code: The framework code, in general, is not supposed to be modified, while accepting user-implemented extensions. In other words, users can extend the framework, but should not modify its code.

Rationale[edit]

The designers of software frameworks aim to facilitate software development by allowing designers and programmers to devote their time to meeting software requirements rather than dealing with the more standard low-level details of providing a working system, thereby reducing overall development time.[2] For example, a team using a web framework to develop a banking website can focus on writing code particular to banking rather than the mechanics of request handling and state management.

Frameworks often add to the size of programs, a phenomenon termed "code bloat". Due to customer-demand driven applications needs, both competing and complementary frameworks sometimes end up in a product. Further, due to the complexity of their APIs, the intended reduction in overall development time may not be achieved due to the need to spend additional time learning to use the framework; this criticism is clearly valid when a special or new framework is first encountered by development staff.[citation needed] If such a framework is not used in subsequent job taskings, the time invested in learning the framework can cost more than purpose-written code familiar to the project's staff; many programmers keep copies of useful boilerplate for common needs.

However, once a framework is learned, future projects can be faster and easier to complete; the concept of a framework is to make a one-size-fits-all solution set, and with familiarity, code production should logically rise. There are no such claims made about the size of the code eventually bundled with the output product, nor its relative efficiency and conciseness. Using any library solution necessarily pulls in extras and unused extraneous assets unless the software is a compiler-object linker making a tight (small, wholly controlled, and specified) executable module.

The issue continues, but a decade-plus of industry experience[citation needed] has shown that the most effective frameworks turn out to be those that evolve from re-factoring the common code of the enterprise, instead of using a generic "one-size-fits-all" framework developed by third parties for general purposes. An example of that would be how the user interface in such an application package as an office suite grows to have common look, feel, and data-sharing attributes and methods, as the once disparate bundled applications grow unified into a suite which is tighter and smaller; the newer/evolved suite can be a product that shares integral utility libraries and user interfaces.

This trend in the controversy brings up an important issue about frameworks. Creating a framework that is elegant, versus one that merely solves a problem, is still an art rather than a science. "Software elegance" implies clarity, conciseness, and little waste (extra or extraneous functionality, much of which is user defined). For those frameworks that generate code, for example, "elegance" would imply the creation of code that is clean and comprehensible to a reasonably knowledgeable programmer (and which is therefore readily modifiable), versus one that merely generates correct code. The elegance issue is why relatively few software frameworks have stood the test of time: the best frameworks have been able to evolve gracefully as the underlying technology on which they were built advanced. Even there, having evolved, many such packages will retain legacy capabilities bloating the final software as otherwise replaced methods have been retained in parallel with the newer methods.

Examples[edit]

Software frameworks typically contain considerable housekeeping and utility code in order to help bootstrap user applications, but generally focus on specific problem domains, such as:

Architecture[edit]

According to Pree,[8] software frameworks consist of frozen spots and hot spots. Frozen spots define the overall architecture of a software system, that is to say its basic components and the relationships between them. These remain unchanged (frozen) in any instantiation of the application framework. Hot spots represent those parts where the programmers using the framework add their own code to add the functionality specific to their own project.

In an object-oriented environment, a framework consists of abstract and concrete classes. Instantiation of such a framework consists of composing and subclassing the existing classes.[9]

When developing a concrete software system with a software framework, developers utilize the hot spots according to the specific needs and requirements of the system. Software frameworks rely on the Hollywood Principle: "Don't call us, we'll call you."[10] This means that the user-defined classes (for example, new subclasses) receive messages from the predefined framework classes. Developers usually handle this by implementing superclass abstract methods.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Riehle, Dirk (2000), Framework Design: A Role Modeling Approach (PDF), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology 
  2. ^ "Framework". DocForge. Retrieved 15 December 2008. 
  3. ^ Vlissides, J M; Linton, M A (1990), "Unidraw: a framework for building domain-specific graphical editors", ACM Transactions of Information Systems, 8 (3): 237–268, doi:10.1145/98188.98197 
  4. ^ Johnson, R E (1992), "Documenting frameworks using patterns", Proceedings of the Conference on Object Oriented Programming Systems Languages and Applications, ACM Press: 63–76 
  5. ^ Birrer, A; Eggenschwiler, T (1993), "Proceedings of the European conference on object-oriented programming", Frameworks in the financial engineering domain: an experience report, Springer-Verlag, pp. 21–35 
  6. ^ Hill, C; DeLuca, C; Balaji, V; Suarez, M; da Silva, A (2004), "Architecture of the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF)", Computing in Science and Engineering: 18–28 
  7. ^ Gachet, A (2003), "Software Frameworks for Developing Decision Support Systems – A New Component in the Classification of DSS Development Tools", Journal of Decision Systems, 12 (3): 271–281 
  8. ^ Pree, W (1994), "Meta Patterns: A Means for Capturing the Essentials of Reusable Object-Oriented Design", Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming, Springer-Verlag: 150–162 
  9. ^ Buschmann, F (1996), Pattern-Oriented Software Architecture Volume 1: A System of Patterns. Chichester, Wiley, ISBN 0-471-95869-7 
  10. ^ Larman, C (2001), Applying UML and Patterns: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Analysis and Design and the Unified Process (2nd ed.), Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-092569-1 

External links[edit]

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