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Solar eclipse of April 8, 2024
SE2024Apr08T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3431
Magnitude 1.0566
Maximum eclipse
Duration 268 sec (4 m 28 s)
Location Nazas, Durango, Mexico
Coordinates 25°18′N 104°06′W / 25.3°N 104.1°W / 25.3; -104.1
Max. width of band 198 km (123 mi)
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin 15:42:07
(U1) Total begin 16:38:44
Greatest eclipse 18:18:29
(U4) Total end 19:55:29
(P4) Partial end 20:52:14
References
Saros 139 (30 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9561

A total solar eclipse will take place on Monday, April 8, 2024, visible across North America. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. With a magnitude of 1.0566, its longest duration of totality will be of four minutes and 28 seconds near the town of Nazas, Durango, Mexico, and the nearby city of Torreón, Coahuila.

This eclipse will be the first total solar eclipse to be visible from Canada since February 26, 1979,[1] the first in Mexico since July 11, 1991,[2] and the first in the U.S. since August 21, 2017.

It will be the only total solar eclipse in the 21st century where totality is visible in Mexico, the United States of America, and Canada.[3]

Visibility[edit]

Animation of path

Totality will be visible in a narrow strip in North America, beginning at the Pacific coast, then ascending in a northeasterly direction through Mexico, the United States, and Canada, before ending in the Atlantic Ocean.

Mexico[edit]

In Mexico, totality will pass through the states of Sinaloa (including Mazatlán), Durango (including Durango and Gómez Palacio) and Coahuila (including Torreón, Matamoros, Monclova, Sabinas, Ciudad Acuña and Piedras Negras).

United States[edit]

In the United States, totality will be visible through the states of Texas (including parts of San Antonio, Austin, and Fort Worth and all of Arlington, Dallas, Killeen, Temple, Texarkana, Tyler and Waco), Oklahoma, Arkansas (including Hot Springs, Jonesboro, and Little Rock), Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana (including Bloomington, Evansville, Indianapolis, Muncie, Terre Haute, and Vincennes), a very small area of Michigan, Ohio (including Akron, Dayton, Lima, Roundhead, Toledo, Cleveland, Warren, Newton Falls and Austintown), Pennsylvania (including Erie), Upstate New York (including Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, the Adirondacks, Potsdam, and Plattsburgh), and northern Vermont (including Burlington), New Hampshire, and Maine,[4][5] with the line of totality going almost directly over the state's highest point Mount Katahdin.[citation needed] The largest city entirely in the path will be Dallas, Texas. It will be the second total eclipse visible from the central United States in just seven years, after the eclipse of August 21, 2017.[citation needed]

Canada[edit]

In Canada, the path of totality will pass over parts of Southern Ontario (including, Leamington, Hamilton, Niagara Falls, Kingston and Cornwall), parts of southern Quebec (including Montreal, Sherbrooke and the Mont Mégantic Observatory),[6] central New Brunswick (including Fredericton and Miramichi),[7] western Prince Edward Island (including Tignish and Summerside),[8] and central Newfoundland Island (including Gander and Grand Falls-Windsor). Then, it will vanish on the eastern Atlantic coast of Newfoundland. (Some of the Canadian cities listed, such as Hamilton and Montreal, are on an edge of the path of totality. Windsor, London, Toronto and Ottawa lie just north of the path of totality, and Moncton lies just south of it.)

Related eclipses[edit]

The path of this eclipse will cross the path of the prior total solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, with the intersection of the two paths being in southern Illinois, in Makanda, just south of Carbondale.[9] The cities of Benton, Carbondale, Chester, Harrisburg, Marion, and Metropolis in Illinois; Cape Girardeau, Farmington, and Perryville in Missouri, as well as Paducah, Kentucky, will be within a roughly 9,000 square mile intersection of the paths of totality of both the 2017 and 2024 eclipses, therefore earning the rare distinction of being witness to two total solar eclipses within a span of seven years.

Solar eclipses 2022–2025[edit]

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Saros 139[edit]

It is a part of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, 8 hours, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627 through December 9, 1825 and total eclipses from December 21, 1843 through March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Members in the same column are one exeligmos apart and thus occur in the same geographic area.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132 will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991 at 6 minutes, 55 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29 seconds on July 16, 2186.[10] This is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000BC and 6000AD.[11]

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

Other solar eclipses crossing the United States[edit]

Notable total and annular solar eclipse crossing the United States from 1900 to 2050:

Total Total Total Annular Total Annular Total Annular
SE1918Jun08T.png
Jun 8, 1918
SE1954Jun30T.png
Jun 30, 1954
SE1979Feb26T.png
Feb 26, 1979
SE1994May10A.png
May 10, 1994
SE2017Aug21T.png
Aug 21, 2017
SE2023Oct14A.png
Oct 14, 2023
SE2045Aug12T.png
Aug 12, 2045
SE2048Jun11A.png
Jun 11, 2048

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dickinson, Terence (August 3, 2017). "Canada's last solar eclipse in 1979". Maclean's. Retrieved August 24, 2017. 
  2. ^ Total Solar Eclipse in Mexico, 1991 (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  3. ^ "Location of Total Solar Eclipse of April 8, 2024". GreatAmericanEclipse.com. Retrieved 9 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Gore, Leada (August 22, 2017). "Solar eclipse 2024: Best U.S. cities to see the next total solar eclipse". The Birmingham News. Retrieved February 11, 2018. 
  5. ^ Eliasen, Terry (August 21, 2017). "Next Solar Eclipse Puts New England In Path Of Totality". CBS Boston. Retrieved February 11, 2018. 
  6. ^ "August 21st Solar Eclipse". Astrolab du parc national du Mont-Mégantic. Retrieved August 29, 2017. Prepare for the next Total Solar Eclipse, on April 8th, 2024. The totality will pass directly in Mont-Megantic National Park and it's ASTROLab ! 
  7. ^ Fowler, Shane (August 23, 2017). "Prime location to view total eclipse in 7 years? New Brunswick". CBC News. Woodstock and Miramichi will spend the most time in the dark with totality durations of 3:17 and 3:09. Fredericton will experience about 2:21 minutes of totality. Moncton, Saint John and Bathurst will just miss out on experiencing a total technical blackout, but will still see 98 to 99 per cent of the sun disappear. 
  8. ^ Yarr, Kevin (August 23, 2017). "P.E.I. on the path for 2024 total solar eclipse". CBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2017. Totality will cover the Island from about Summerside and west, with the centre of the path crossing over North Cape. 
  9. ^ "Total Solar Eclipse 2017 - Path Overlap with the 2024 Eclipse". eclipse2017.org. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  10. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.
  11. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, -3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espenak.

External links[edit]

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