Solent SSH04 pres FHH

Channel: Babord10   |   2013/05/30
Play Video
1
Solent SSH04 pres FHH
Solent SSH04 pres FHH
::2013/05/30::
Play Video
2
Solent
Solent
::2010/10/06::
Play Video
3
Ultimate Tin Foil Room Prank - Southampton Solent
Ultimate Tin Foil Room Prank - Southampton Solent
::2012/03/12::
Play Video
4
Boating in the Solent 1988-98 (a family movie)
Boating in the Solent 1988-98 (a family movie)
::2011/02/01::
Play Video
5
Freshers Week at Southampton Solent University
Freshers Week at Southampton Solent University
::2013/08/20::
Play Video
6
Slip and Slide Southampton Solent Uni
Slip and Slide Southampton Solent Uni
::2012/03/19::
Play Video
7
Accommodation at Southampton Solent University
Accommodation at Southampton Solent University
::2013/08/08::
Play Video
8
Solent trip in Westerly Centaur - Chichester Harbour to Newtown Creek
Solent trip in Westerly Centaur - Chichester Harbour to Newtown Creek
::2014/04/14::
Play Video
9
Southampton Solent Campus Guide
Southampton Solent Campus Guide
::2012/09/04::
Play Video
10
Spitbank Fort - UK
Spitbank Fort - UK's most exclusive private island - Solent
::2012/12/19::
Play Video
11
RAVENS Show Reel 12/13 - Southampton Solent
RAVENS Show Reel 12/13 - Southampton Solent
::2013/05/19::
Play Video
12
Solent Plaice
Solent Plaice
::2011/05/01::
Play Video
13
Discover what Sport Solent has to offer
Discover what Sport Solent has to offer
::2013/02/05::
Play Video
14
SRN4 Hovercraft Arrival Lee-On-Solent 2000
SRN4 Hovercraft Arrival Lee-On-Solent 2000
::2010/07/14::
Play Video
15
Solent highlights 2012
Solent highlights 2012
::2012/11/28::
Play Video
16
Sailing weekend in the Solent - the Old Dogs
Sailing weekend in the Solent - the Old Dogs
::2013/05/06::
Play Video
17
Solent Sound
Solent Sound
::2013/09/25::
Play Video
18
Building the Solent Arena - Timelapse
Building the Solent Arena - Timelapse
::2013/10/12::
Play Video
19
Interview with Dominic Cunliffe, Team Solent men
Interview with Dominic Cunliffe, Team Solent men's football Head Coach
::2013/01/30::
Play Video
20
Cowes Sports FC v Team Solent FC
Cowes Sports FC v Team Solent FC
::2013/09/18::
Play Video
21
e-Portfolios At Solent University
e-Portfolios At Solent University
::2009/08/06::
Play Video
22
JISC - Stories of e-Portfolio Implementation - Southampton Solent University
JISC - Stories of e-Portfolio Implementation - Southampton Solent University
::2012/03/22::
Play Video
23
RedZone presents... Southampton Stags vs Solent Redhawks
RedZone presents... Southampton Stags vs Solent Redhawks
::2013/02/28::
Play Video
24
Solent SU and Sonar Media present Results Night
Solent SU and Sonar Media present Results Night
::2014/03/14::
Play Video
25
Team Solent v Loughborough - Men
Team Solent v Loughborough - Men's Basketball 6/10/12 - Part 1
::2012/10/08::
Play Video
26
Solent Sound Music Festival 2012
Solent Sound Music Festival 2012
::2012/07/30::
Play Video
27
Southampton Solent Cricket Team - Season Preview
Southampton Solent Cricket Team - Season Preview
::2013/06/05::
Play Video
28
Solent Sharks Wheelchair Rugby
Solent Sharks Wheelchair Rugby
::2013/05/08::
Play Video
29
Solent University
Solent University's Honorary Professor of Ignorance!
::2013/11/29::
Play Video
30
Charlie Babb Solent pole competition 2013 professional winner
Charlie Babb Solent pole competition 2013 professional winner
::2013/11/24::
Play Video
31
Solent Stingray Fishing
Solent Stingray Fishing
::2012/07/06::
Play Video
32
Solent Redhawks 13-6 Portsmouth Destroyers
Solent Redhawks 13-6 Portsmouth Destroyers
::2012/02/25::
Play Video
33
Health, Exercise & Sport Science degrees at Southampton Solent University
Health, Exercise & Sport Science degrees at Southampton Solent University
::2013/05/29::
Play Video
34
GoPro HD Hero 2 - Sailing in the Solent (1080p!)
GoPro HD Hero 2 - Sailing in the Solent (1080p!)
::2012/08/30::
Play Video
35
DOMINIC MILLER - Solent - [2010, November]
DOMINIC MILLER - Solent - [2010, November]
::2012/06/10::
Play Video
36
Southampton Solent University Ravens Cheer and Dance 2012
Southampton Solent University Ravens Cheer and Dance 2012
::2012/05/30::
Play Video
37
"Arcadia" & Other Vessels in The Solent - 13/04/2014
"Arcadia" & Other Vessels in The Solent - 13/04/2014
::2014/04/13::
Play Video
38
Southampton Solent University London Graduate Fashion Show
Southampton Solent University London Graduate Fashion Show
::2012/06/14::
Play Video
39
Solent Kestrels - Dunk Contest
Solent Kestrels - Dunk Contest
::2010/07/27::
Play Video
40
Southampton Solent University XV vs Southampton University XV March 2012
Southampton Solent University XV vs Southampton University XV March 2012
::2012/04/10::
Play Video
41
Atalanta of Chester colliding into the Hanne Knutsen in the Solent.
Atalanta of Chester colliding into the Hanne Knutsen in the Solent.
::2013/10/25::
Play Video
42
COUNTRYFILE - Palmerston
COUNTRYFILE - Palmerston's Follies (Solent Forts) (BBC1, Jan 2011)
::2011/01/27::
Play Video
43
Walkford vs Team Solent Reserves 5/10/13
Walkford vs Team Solent Reserves 5/10/13
::2013/10/06::
Play Video
44
Wessex BU VS SGTV Solent!
Wessex BU VS SGTV Solent!
::2014/01/19::
Play Video
45
Solent Sky Aviation Museum with The Mighty Jingles!
Solent Sky Aviation Museum with The Mighty Jingles!
::2013/05/11::
Play Video
46
Festival Work Experience with Solent Productions
Festival Work Experience with Solent Productions
::2014/04/07::
Play Video
47
Solent Ladies Football  on Tour - Salou Fest 2013
Solent Ladies Football on Tour - Salou Fest 2013
::2013/04/19::
Play Video
48
Solent Basketball and Football Video
Solent Basketball and Football Video
::2013/10/20::
Play Video
49
Sailing on the Solent Sept 15th 2012
Sailing on the Solent Sept 15th 2012
::2012/09/17::
Play Video
50
LFW U13 vs Solent Kestrels U13
LFW U13 vs Solent Kestrels U13
::2013/11/14::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Satellite image showing the Solent, separating the Isle of Wight from mainland England

The Solent (/ˈslənt/ SOH-lənt) is a strait separating the Isle of Wight from the mainland of England.

The Solent is a major shipping route for passengers, freight and military vessels. It is an important recreational area for water sports, particularly yachting,[1] hosting the Cowes Week sailing event annually. It is sheltered by the Isle of Wight and has a very complex tidal pattern, which has greatly benefited Southampton's success as a port.[how?][citation needed] Portsmouth lies on its shores. Spithead, an area off Gilkicker Point near Gosport, is known as the place where the Royal Navy is traditionally reviewed by the monarch of the day.

The area is of great ecological and landscape importance, particularly because of the coastal and estuarine habitats along the edge of the Solent.[2] Much of its coastline is designated as a Special Area of Conservation.[3] It is bordered by and forms a part of the character of a number of nationally important protected landscapes including the New Forest National Park, and the Isle of Wight AONB.

First recorded in 731 as Soluente, Solent is "an ancient pre-English name of uncertain origin and meaning."[4]

Geology[edit]

Calshot Castle protected the mouth of Southampton Water

Originally a river valley, the Solent has gradually widened and deepened for many thousands of years. The River Frome was the source of the River Solent, with three other rivers - the Rivers Avon, the Itchen and Test being tributaries of it.[5][6] Seismic sounding has shown that when the sea level was lower the River Solent incised its bed to a depth of at least 46 metres (151 ft) below current Ordnance Datum.[7] The Purbeck Ball Clay contains kaolinite and mica, showing that in the Lutetian stage of the Eocene water from a granite area, probably Dartmoor, flowed into the River Solent.

Seabed survey shows that when the sea level was lower in the Ice Age the River Solent continued the line of the eastern Solent (Spithead) to a point roughly due east of the east end of the Isle of Wight and due south of a point about 3 kilometres (2 mi) west of Selsey Bill, and then south-south-west for about 30 kilometres (19 mi), and then south for about 14 kilometres (9 mi), and then joined the main river flowing down the dry bed of the English Channel. Since the retreat of the most recent glaciation the South East of England, like the Netherlands, has been steadily slowly sinking through historic time due to forebulge sinking.

A new theory – that the Solent was originally a lagoon – was reported in the Southern Daily Echo by Garry Momber from the Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology.[8][9][10]

The Isle of Wight was formerly contiguous with the Isle of Purbeck in Dorset - the Needles are the last remnant of this connection.

Salt marsh near Lepe Country Park, with the Isle of Wight in the distance

Ten thousand years ago a band of relatively resistant Chalk rock, part of the Southern England Chalk Formation, ran from the Isle of Purbeck area of south Dorset to the eastern end of Isle of Wight, parallel to the South Downs. Inland behind the Chalk were less resistant sands, clays and gravels. Through these weak soils and rocks ran many rivers, from the Dorset Frome in the west and including the Stour, Beaulieu River, Test, Itchen and Hamble, which created a large estuary flowing west to east and into the English Channel at the eastern end of the present Solent. This great estuary ran through a wooded valley and is now referred to as the Solent River.

When glaciers covering the north of Britain melted at the end of the last ice age, two things happened to create the Solent. Firstly, a great amount of flood water ran into the Solent River and its tributaries, carving the estuary deeper. Secondly, post-glacial rebound after the removal of the weight of ice over Scotland caused the island of Great Britain to tilt about an east-west axis, because isostatic rebound in Scotland and Scandinavia is pulling mantle rock out from under the Netherlands and south England: this is forebulge sinking. Over thousands of years, the land sank in the south (a process still continuing) to submerge many valleys creating today's characteristic rias, such as Southampton Water and Poole Harbour, as well as submerging the Solent. The estuary of the Solent River was gradually flooded, and eventually the Isle of Wight became separated from the mainland as the chalk ridge between The Needles on the island and Old Harry Rocks on the mainland was eroded. This is thought[by whom?] to have happened about 7,000 years ago.

The process of coastal change is still continuing, with the soft cliffs on some parts of the Solent, such as Fort Victoria, constantly eroding, whilst other parts, such as Ryde Sands, are accreting.

The Solent is a comparatively shallow stretch of tidal water. It has an unusual double tide[11] that is both favourable and hazardous to maritime activities with its strong tidal movements and quickly changing sea states.

Coupled with the above, the Solent is renowned for its large volume of vessel usage, thus resulting in one of the highest density of declared lifeboat stations in the world. This includes six RNLI (e.g. Calshot and Cowes) and five independently run stations (e.g. Hamble Lifeboat and Gosport and Fareham Inshore Rescue Service).

History[edit]

A map of the Solent and surrounding areas from 1945

Remains of human habitation have been found from the prehistoric, Roman and Saxon eras, showing that humans retreated towards progressively higher ground over these periods. Offshore from Bouldnor, Isle of Wight, divers have found at 11 metres (36 ft) depth the submerged remains of a wooden building that was built there on land around 6000 BC when the sea level was lower and the land was higher. [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]

There is an early Norman period report that much land on the south of Hayling Island was lost to sea flood. South of Hayling Island in the Solent is a deposit of stones, which scuba divers found to be the remains of a stone building, probably a church. There is an old report that this church was formerly in the middle of Hayling Island. If similar amounts of land have been lost on other parts of the Solent shore, the Solent was likely much narrower in Roman times, and it is possible to believe Diodorus Siculus's report that in his time men could wade to the Isle of Wight at low tide. Similarly, it is known that Selsey was once a port town, with Selsey Abbey and a cathedra recorded until 1075, when the see of the Diocese of Sussex was moved inland to Chichester.

In the early 16th century Henry VIII of England built an extensive set of coastal defences at each end of the Solent, part of his Device Forts, effectively controlling access to east and west. In 1545, a naval battle was fought in the Solent between English and French naval forces. The battle was inconclusive with no significant losses other than Henry VIII's flagship, the Mary Rose, which foundered and sank while making a sharp turn. From a total crew of over 400, fewer than 35 survived the sinking. The Mary Rose was discovered Solent by a salvage project in 1971 and its remains were successfully salvaged in 1982.

In 1685 King James II narrowly escaped shipwreck while sailing in the Solent. Musician Henry Purcell wrote "They that go down to the sea in ships" to be sung by extraordinary voice of John Gostling to commemorate it. More forts were built on land and at sea in the 19th century. These were generally known as Palmerston Forts.

The Solent was one of two sites for the sailing events at the 1908 Summer Olympics.[21] The Solent became the departure area of the ill-fated ocean liner, Titanic, in April 1912.

A bank in the centre of the Solent, Bramble Bank, is exposed at low water at spring tide. This, combined with the unique tidal patterns in the area, makes navigation challenging. There is an annual cricket match on Bramble Bank during the lowest tide of the year, but games are often cut short by rising tide.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Solentpedia: recreation
  2. ^ Solentpedia: biodiversity
  3. ^ Solentpedia: protected areas
  4. ^ A.D. Mills, Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names, 2nd ed. (Oxford University Press, 1998: ISBN 0-19-280074-4), p. 318.
  5. ^ "Geology of Hengistbury Head". www.hengistbury-head.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  6. ^ "Solent Geology - Introduction - Dr. Ian West". Soton.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  7. ^ The buried channels of the ‘Solent River’, southern England
  8. ^ Peter Law (14 Sep 2008). "Secrets of the Solent". Daily Echo. 
  9. ^ thisishampshire.net, Startling evidence of a Stone Age structure in the Solent. - Retrieved 03 Oct. 2009
  10. ^ SCOPAC Research Project - Archaeology & Coastal Change
  11. ^ Bristol Nomads website
  12. ^ Momber, G., Satchell, J & Gillespie, J. 2009. Mesolithic Horizons Volume 1. Occupation in a submerged Mesolithic landscape pp. Eds McCarton, S, Schulting, R., Warren G & Woodman, P Oxbow 324-332.
  13. ^ Momber, G, 2008. Boatyard beneath the waves. Current Archaeology. L Westcott (ed), 28 (12), London: Current Publishing.
  14. ^ Momber, G. 2007. Submerged in Mesolithic Archaeology. In Mesolithic Studies in the North Sea Basin and Beyond. Proceedings of a Newcastle Conference. Eds. Clive Waddington & Kristian Pederson. Oxbow 33-39
  15. ^ Momber, G. 2006. Mesolithic Occupation: 11m below the waves: In A. Hafner, U. Niffler and U. Ruoff ed. The New View: Underwater Archaeology and the Historic Picture. Antiqua 40. Basel: 56 – 63.
  16. ^ Momber, G. 2006. Extracting the Cultural Heritage: a new challenge for the underwater archaeologist: Underwater Technology. Vol. 26 No. 4 pp 105-111.
  17. ^ Momber, G. 2005. The Art of Living Under Water: Book review: IJNA (2005) 34.1 p 347
  18. ^ Momber, G. and Campbell, C. 2006. Stone Age Stove under the Solent: IJNA (2005) 34.2 p 148-9
  19. ^ Momber, G. 2004. The inundated landscapes of the Western Solent: In Submarine prehistoric archaeology of the North Sea: research priorities and collaboration with industry. Research Report 141 37-42
  20. ^ Momber, G. (2000). Drowned and Deserted: a submerged prehistoric landscape in the Solent. I.J.N.A. 29.1: 86-99
  21. ^ 1908 Summer Olympics official report. p. 339.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°47′12″N 1°17′42″W / 50.78667°N 1.29500°W / 50.78667; -1.29500

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014