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1
Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
::2012/01/23::
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2
Making Sweet Sorghum
Making Sweet Sorghum
::2011/11/03::
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3
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
::2013/01/08::
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4
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
::2012/08/28::
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5
Making Sorghum Syrup
Making Sorghum Syrup
::2009/10/23::
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6
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill
::2013/04/04::
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7
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
::2010/09/08::
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8
Muddy Pond Sorghum
Muddy Pond Sorghum
::2009/11/11::
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9
Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
::2009/10/19::
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10
Determining Grain Sorghum Seeding Rates
Determining Grain Sorghum Seeding Rates
::2013/06/11::
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11
making molasses from sorghum, start to finish
making molasses from sorghum, start to finish
::2012/10/18::
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12
Squeezing Sweet Sorghum Cane 2011- Day 2
Squeezing Sweet Sorghum Cane 2011- Day 2
::2011/11/11::
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13
cutting Sorghum sudan grass.
cutting Sorghum sudan grass.
::2013/08/03::
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14
Hong Gao Liang (Red Sorghum) (1987) [MultiSub] [Full Film] - [Mo Yan 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature]
Hong Gao Liang (Red Sorghum) (1987) [MultiSub] [Full Film] - [Mo Yan 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature]
::2012/10/16::
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15
Green chopping sorghum for the cows
Green chopping sorghum for the cows
::2013/09/01::
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16
Sorghum farming in Kenya Feature
Sorghum farming in Kenya Feature
::2012/03/22::
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17
Seed to Stalk: A Sorghum Tradition
Seed to Stalk: A Sorghum Tradition
::2010/05/27::
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18
Dateline The Family On Sorghum Mill Drive Dennis Murphy Reports
Dateline The Family On Sorghum Mill Drive Dennis Murphy Reports
::2014/07/22::
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19
Red Sorghum
Red Sorghum
::2013/01/16::
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20
How to make Jwarichi Bhakri (Jowar ki Roti  / Sorghum Flour Flatbread)
How to make Jwarichi Bhakri (Jowar ki Roti / Sorghum Flour Flatbread)
::2013/10/04::
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21
Sorghum- Grains of Discovery From Bob
Sorghum- Grains of Discovery From Bob's Red mill
::2013/10/09::
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22
Planting Forage Sorghum
Planting Forage Sorghum
::2012/10/12::
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23
Red Sorghum  紅高梁  Zhang Yimou  張藝謀  Tribute
Red Sorghum 紅高梁 Zhang Yimou 張藝謀 Tribute
::2010/11/25::
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24
Sorghum Video for Starlight Farm
Sorghum Video for Starlight Farm
::2013/01/16::
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25
Jowar Ki Bhakri - roti of sorghum flour - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
Jowar Ki Bhakri - roti of sorghum flour - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
::2012/08/21::
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26
Sorghum in Second Growth 45 Days After Being Cut
Sorghum in Second Growth 45 Days After Being Cut
::2012/09/29::
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27
Exploring the Potential of Sorghum in Southern Alberta
Exploring the Potential of Sorghum in Southern Alberta
::2013/09/12::
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28
Chopping BMR Forage Sorghum
Chopping BMR Forage Sorghum
::2012/09/12::
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29
Bask beauty: Apple sorghum supple hair syrup (p1)
Bask beauty: Apple sorghum supple hair syrup (p1)
::2014/02/25::
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30
Gluten Free Sorghum, Millet, Oat Bread
Gluten Free Sorghum, Millet, Oat Bread
::2012/12/27::
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31
Popping Sorghum Like Kettle Corn
Popping Sorghum Like Kettle Corn
::2011/06/08::
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32
Sorghum Sudan as a Screen for Foodplots
Sorghum Sudan as a Screen for Foodplots
::2012/09/21::
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33
Making Sorghum Syrup from Cane
Making Sorghum Syrup from Cane
::2011/10/16::
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34
Nutritional Benefits of Sorghum Flour
Nutritional Benefits of Sorghum Flour
::2012/01/27::
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35
Gluten Free Sorghum Chapati Recipe
Gluten Free Sorghum Chapati Recipe
::2013/03/29::
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36
Jowar (Hurda), Raita, Sorghum Dip Recipe
Jowar (Hurda), Raita, Sorghum Dip Recipe
::2011/12/28::
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37
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Without Oil
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Without Oil
::2010/09/26::
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38
红高粱 FULL - Red Sorghum  张艺谋 1987年出品
红高粱 FULL - Red Sorghum 张艺谋 1987年出品
::2011/12/23::
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39
Körnersorghum (Grain Sorghum) im Mostviertel
Körnersorghum (Grain Sorghum) im Mostviertel
::2011/12/09::
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40
Smart Farm - Sorghum Farming
Smart Farm - Sorghum Farming
::2014/07/16::
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41
Hand-Threshing Sorghum
Hand-Threshing Sorghum
::2011/10/05::
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42
Sorghum Sudangrass as Summer Cover Crop
Sorghum Sudangrass as Summer Cover Crop
::2009/03/16::
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43
silage baling sorghum that was rained on.
silage baling sorghum that was rained on.
::2013/08/08::
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44
Jowar or Jonna Roti (Sorghum Roti) - Milo Flat Bread
Jowar or Jonna Roti (Sorghum Roti) - Milo Flat Bread
::2010/10/18::
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45
Sorghum Farm in Ohio - America
Sorghum Farm in Ohio - America's Heartland
::2009/02/18::
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46
How To Make Popped Sorghum | Bob
How To Make Popped Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill
::2013/03/26::
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47
Gluten Free Bread Recipe for Sandwiches: Oat or Sorghum
Gluten Free Bread Recipe for Sandwiches: Oat or Sorghum
::2012/01/15::
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48
Sorghum Porridge (Mishaari Masaggo) شوربة السورغم
Sorghum Porridge (Mishaari Masaggo) شوربة السورغم
::2012/05/16::
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49
dye sorghum cheese benin 2010 utube 0002
dye sorghum cheese benin 2010 utube 0002
::2010/08/25::
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50
"Hey sister, be brave, go your own road...". (from Red Sorghum, 1988)
"Hey sister, be brave, go your own road...". (from Red Sorghum, 1988)
::2012/01/16::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the plant genus. For the principal modern crop species, see Sorghum bicolor. For other crop uses, see Commercial sorghum. For other uses, see Sorghum (disambiguation).
Sorghum
Sorghum.jpg
Sorghum bicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Genus: Sorghum
L.
Species

About 30 species, see text

Sorghum is a genus of grasses with about 30 species, one of which is raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants, either cultivated or as part of pasture. The plants are cultivated in warm climates worldwide. They are native to the tropics and subtropics of the Old World and one species is endemic to Mexico; a number have been introduced into other parts of the world.[1] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe of Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugar cane).

Cultivation and uses[edit]

A sorghum field in Central America

One species, Sorghum bicolor,[2] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[3] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. These varieties form important components of pastures in many tropical regions. Sorghum bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia and is the "fifth most important cereal crop grown in the world".[4]

Some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine and nitrates lethal to grazing animals in the early stages of the plant's growth. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and/or nitrates at later stages in growth.[5]

Another Sorghum species, Johnson grass (S. halapense), is classified as an invasive species in the US by the Department of Agriculture.[6]

Broomcorn[edit]

Sorghum vulgare var. technicum is commonly called broomcorn.[7] An annual grass like other Sorghums, it grows 6 to 15 feet tall, although dwarf varieties are only 3 to 7 feet in height. The upper peduncle is normally 8 to 18 in long, topped by a branched inflorescence or panicle, from which the seed-bearing fibers originate. The fibers are usually 12 to 24 inches long but can be up to 36 inches long; they are branched toward the tip where the flowers and seed grow. The seeds number about 30,000/pound, with feed value similar to oats. A ton of the fibrous panicle makes 900 to 1200 brooms.[7]

Plants selected for long panicle branches probably originated in central Africa, but the variety was known to be used for broom-making in the Mediterranean in the Dark Ages. It was first described in Italy in the late 1500s.[7]

Species[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

  • Sorghum × almum
  • Sorghum × drummondii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=130722
  2. ^ Mutegi, Evans; Fabrice Sagnard, Moses Muraya, Ben Kanyenji, Bernard Rono, Caroline Mwongera, Charles Marangu, Joseph Kamau, Heiko Parzies, Santie de Villiers, Kassa Semagn, Pierre Traoré, Maryke Labuschagne (2010-02-01). "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 57 (2): 243–253. doi:10.1007/s10722-009-9466-7. 
  3. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200026333
  4. ^ Sorghum, U.S. Grains Council.
  5. ^ Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops - managing the risks. Primary industries and fisheries. Queensland Government. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/4790_20318.htm. 21 April 2011.
  6. ^ Johnson Grass, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Accessed 2257 UDT, 12 March, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Broomcorn, Alternative Field Crops Manual, Purdue University, Accessed 14 Mar 2011.

External links[edit]

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