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1
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
::2013/01/08::
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2
Making Sorghum Syrup
Making Sorghum Syrup
::2009/10/23::
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3
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
::2012/08/28::
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4
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
::2010/09/08::
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5
Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
::2012/01/23::
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6
How to make Whole Grain Sorghum ~ Gluten Free ~ Sorghum Pilaf
How to make Whole Grain Sorghum ~ Gluten Free ~ Sorghum Pilaf
::2014/07/29::
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7
Muddy Pond Sorghum
Muddy Pond Sorghum
::2009/11/11::
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8
Planting Forage Sorghum
Planting Forage Sorghum
::2012/10/12::
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9
Making Sweet Sorghum
Making Sweet Sorghum
::2011/11/03::
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10
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill
::2013/04/04::
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11
红高粱 第60集 Red Sorghum 60 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第60集 Red Sorghum 60 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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12
红高粱 第01集 Red Sorghum 01 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第01集 Red Sorghum 01 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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13
红高粱 第48+49集 Red Sorghum 48+49 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第48+49集 Red Sorghum 48+49 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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14
红高粱 第59集 Red Sorghum 59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第59集 Red Sorghum 59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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15
红高粱 第58集 Red Sorghum 58 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第58集 Red Sorghum 58 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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16
红高粱 第33集 Red Sorghum 33 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第33集 Red Sorghum 33 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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17
红高粱 第50+51集 Red Sorghum 50+51 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第50+51集 Red Sorghum 50+51 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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18
红高粱 第3集 Red Sorghum 3 Zhou Xun hot drama 2014
红高粱 第3集 Red Sorghum 3 Zhou Xun hot drama 2014
::2015/01/10::
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19
Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
::2009/10/19::
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20
红高粱 第23+24集 Red Sorghum 23+24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第23+24集 Red Sorghum 23+24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
Play Video
21
红高粱 第44+45集 Red Sorghum 44+45 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第44+45集 Red Sorghum 44+45 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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22
红高粱 第40集 Red Sorghum 40 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第40集 Red Sorghum 40 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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23
红高粱 第17集 Red Sorghum 17 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第17集 Red Sorghum 17 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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24
红高粱 10 | Red Sorghum 10
红高粱 10 | Red Sorghum 10
::2014/12/03::
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25
红高粱 第23集 Red Sorghum 23 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第23集 Red Sorghum 23 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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26
红高粱 第4集 Red Sorghum 4 hot drama 2014
红高粱 第4集 Red Sorghum 4 hot drama 2014
::2014/12/27::
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27
红高粱 第22+23集 Red Sorghum 22+23 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第22+23集 Red Sorghum 22+23 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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28
红高粱 第24集 Red Sorghum 24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第24集 Red Sorghum 24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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29
红高粱 第50集 Red Sorghum 50 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第50集 Red Sorghum 50 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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30
红高粱 第31集 Red Sorghum 31 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第31集 Red Sorghum 31 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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31
红高粱 第28+29集 Red Sorghum 28+29 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第28+29集 Red Sorghum 28+29 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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32
红高粱 第07集 Red Sorghum 07 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第07集 Red Sorghum 07 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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33
红高粱 第48集 Red Sorghum 48 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第48集 Red Sorghum 48 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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34
红高粱 第51集 Red Sorghum 51 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第51集 Red Sorghum 51 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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35
红高粱 33 | Red Sorghum 33
红高粱 33 | Red Sorghum 33
::2014/12/08::
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36
红高粱 第57集 Red Sorghum 57 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第57集 Red Sorghum 57 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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37
红高粱 第40+41集 Red Sorghum 40+41 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第40+41集 Red Sorghum 40+41 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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38
红高粱 第41集 Red Sorghum 41 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第41集 Red Sorghum 41 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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39
红高粱 第55集 Red Sorghum 55 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第55集 Red Sorghum 55 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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40
红高粱 第35集 Red Sorghum 35 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第35集 Red Sorghum 35 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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41
红高粱 第42集 Red Sorghum 42 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第42集 Red Sorghum 42 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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42
红高粱 第34集 Red Sorghum 34 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第34集 Red Sorghum 34 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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43
红高粱 40 | Red Sorghum 40
红高粱 40 | Red Sorghum 40
::2014/12/10::
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44
红高粱 第30集 Red Sorghum 30 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第30集 Red Sorghum 30 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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45
红高粱 第58+59集 Red Sorghum 58+59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第58+59集 Red Sorghum 58+59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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46
红高粱 42 | Red Sorghum 42
红高粱 42 | Red Sorghum 42
::2014/12/10::
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47
红高粱 第39集 Red Sorghum 39 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第39集 Red Sorghum 39 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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48
红高粱 第12集 Red Sorghum 12 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第12集 Red Sorghum 12 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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49
红高粱 第10集 Red Sorghum 10 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第10集 Red Sorghum 10 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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50
红高粱 第32集 Red Sorghum 32 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第32集 Red Sorghum 32 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the plant genus. For the principal modern crop species, see Sorghum bicolor. For other crop uses, see Commercial sorghum. For other uses, see Sorghum (disambiguation).
Sorghum
Sorghum.jpg
Sorghum bicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Genus: Sorghum
L.
Species

About 30 species, see text

Sorghum is a genus of grasses with about 30 species, one of which is raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants, either cultivated or as part of pasture. The plants are cultivated in warm climates worldwide. They are native to the tropics and subtropics of the Old World and one species is endemic to Mexico; a number have been introduced into other parts of the world.[1] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane).

Cultivation and uses[edit]

One species, Sorghum bicolor,[2] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[3] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. These varieties form important components of pastures in many tropical regions. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the "fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world".[4]

Some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates lethal to grazing animals in the early stages of the plants' growth. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and/or nitrates at later stages in growth.[5]

Another Sorghum species, Johnson grass (S. halapense), is classified as an invasive species in the US by the Department of Agriculture.[6]

Broomcorn[edit]

S. vulgare var. technicum is commonly called broomcorn.[7] An annual grass like other Sorghums, it grows 6 to 15 feet (1.8 to 4.6 m) tall, although dwarf varieties are only 3 to 7 feet (0.91 to 2.13 m) in height. The upper peduncle is normally 8 to 18 inches (200 to 460 mm) long, topped by a branched inflorescence or panicle, from which the seed-bearing fibers originate. The fibers are usually 12 to 24 inches (300 to 610 mm) long, but can be up to 36 inches (910 mm) long; they are branched toward the tip where the flowers and seed grow. The seeds number about 30,000/lb (70,000/kg), with feed value similar to oats. A ton of the fibrous panicle makes 900 to 1200 brooms.[7]

Plants selected for long panicle branches probably originated in central Africa, but the variety was known to be used for broom-making in the Mediterranean in the Middle Ages. It was first described in Italy in the late 1500s.[7]

Species[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

  • Sorghum × almum
  • Sorghum × drummondii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=130722
  2. ^ Mutegi, Evans; Fabrice Sagnard, Moses Muraya, Ben Kanyenji, Bernard Rono, Caroline Mwongera, Charles Marangu, Joseph Kamau, Heiko Parzies, Santie de Villiers, Kassa Semagn, Pierre Traoré, Maryke Labuschagne (2010-02-01). "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 57 (2): 243–253. doi:10.1007/s10722-009-9466-7. 
  3. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200026333
  4. ^ Sorghum, U.S. Grains Council.
  5. ^ Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops - managing the risks. Primary industries and fisheries. Queensland Government. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/4790_20318.htm. 21 April 2011.
  6. ^ Johnson Grass, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Accessed 2257 UDT, 12 March, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Broomcorn, Alternative Field Crops Manual, Purdue University, Accessed 14 Mar 2011.

External links[edit]

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