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1
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
::2013/01/08::
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2
Making Sorghum Syrup
Making Sorghum Syrup
::2009/10/23::
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3
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
::2012/08/28::
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4
Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
::2012/01/23::
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5
Planting Forage Sorghum
Planting Forage Sorghum
::2012/10/12::
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6
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
::2010/09/08::
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7
红高粱 19 | Red Sorghum 19
红高粱 19 | Red Sorghum 19
::2014/12/05::
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8
Muddy Pond Sorghum
Muddy Pond Sorghum
::2009/11/11::
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9
红高粱 第28+29集 Red Sorghum 28+29 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第28+29集 Red Sorghum 28+29 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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10
Dateline The Family On Sorghum Mill Drive Dennis Murphy Reports
Dateline The Family On Sorghum Mill Drive Dennis Murphy Reports
::2014/08/15::
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11
红高粱 第23+24集 Red Sorghum 23+24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第23+24集 Red Sorghum 23+24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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12
红高粱 第59集 Red Sorghum 59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第59集 Red Sorghum 59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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13
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill
::2013/04/04::
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14
红高粱 第33集 Red Sorghum 33 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第33集 Red Sorghum 33 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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15
红高粱 第60集 Red Sorghum 60 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第60集 Red Sorghum 60 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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16
红高粱 第31集 Red Sorghum 31 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第31集 Red Sorghum 31 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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17
红高粱 第16+17集 Red Sorghum 16+17 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第16+17集 Red Sorghum 16+17 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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18
Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
::2009/10/19::
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19
红高粱 第21+22集 Red Sorghum 21+22 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第21+22集 Red Sorghum 21+22 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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20
红高粱 FULL - Red Sorghum  张艺谋 1987年出品
红高粱 FULL - Red Sorghum 张艺谋 1987年出品
::2011/12/23::
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21
红高粱 第56集 Red Sorghum 56 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第56集 Red Sorghum 56 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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22
红高粱 第52+53集 Red Sorghum 52+53 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第52+53集 Red Sorghum 52+53 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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23
红高粱 第26+27集 Red Sorghum 26+27 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第26+27集 Red Sorghum 26+27 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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24
红高粱 第35集 Red Sorghum 35 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第35集 Red Sorghum 35 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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25
红高粱 第24集 Red Sorghum 24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第24集 Red Sorghum 24 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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26
红高粱 第38集 Red Sorghum 38 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第38集 Red Sorghum 38 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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27
红高粱 第48集 Red Sorghum 48 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第48集 Red Sorghum 48 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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28
红高粱 第30集 Red Sorghum 30 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第30集 Red Sorghum 30 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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29
红高粱 第53+54集 Red Sorghum 53+54 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第53+54集 Red Sorghum 53+54 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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30
红高粱 第46集 Red Sorghum 46 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第46集 Red Sorghum 46 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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31
红高粱 第32集 Red Sorghum 32 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第32集 Red Sorghum 32 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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32
红高粱 第44+45集 Red Sorghum 44+45 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第44+45集 Red Sorghum 44+45 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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33
红高粱 第57集 Red Sorghum 57 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第57集 Red Sorghum 57 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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34
红高粱 第58集 Red Sorghum 58 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第58集 Red Sorghum 58 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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35
红高粱 第07集 Red Sorghum 07 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第07集 Red Sorghum 07 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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36
红高粱 第40集 Red Sorghum 40 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第40集 Red Sorghum 40 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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37
红高粱 第58+59集 Red Sorghum 58+59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第58+59集 Red Sorghum 58+59 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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38
红高粱 第57+58集 Red Sorghum 57+58 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第57+58集 Red Sorghum 57+58 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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39
红高粱 第25集 Red Sorghum 25 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第25集 Red Sorghum 25 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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40
Breville Presents Cornbread-Sorghum Milkshake - "Mind of a Chef Techniques with Edward Lee"
Breville Presents Cornbread-Sorghum Milkshake - "Mind of a Chef Techniques with Edward Lee"
::2014/10/03::
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41
Jowar Ki Bhakri - roti of sorghum flour - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
Jowar Ki Bhakri - roti of sorghum flour - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
::2012/08/21::
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42
红高粱 第39集 Red Sorghum 39 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第39集 Red Sorghum 39 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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43
红高粱 第23集 Red Sorghum 23 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第23集 Red Sorghum 23 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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44
红高粱 第47集 Red Sorghum 47 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第47集 Red Sorghum 47 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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45
红高粱 第27+28集 Red Sorghum 27+28 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第27+28集 Red Sorghum 27+28 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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46
cutting Sorghum sudan grass.
cutting Sorghum sudan grass.
::2013/08/03::
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47
红高粱 第41集 Red Sorghum 41 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第41集 Red Sorghum 41 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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48
红高粱 第37集 Red Sorghum 37 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第37集 Red Sorghum 37 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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49
红高粱 第42集 Red Sorghum 42 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第42集 Red Sorghum 42 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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50
红高粱 第38+39集 Red Sorghum 38+39 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2  2014
红高粱 第38+39集 Red Sorghum 38+39 看在线观- 完整版[高清] Chinese letv2 2014
::2014/12/02::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the plant genus. For the principal modern crop species, see Sorghum bicolor. For other crop uses, see Commercial sorghum. For other uses, see Sorghum (disambiguation).
Sorghum
Sorghum.jpg
Sorghum bicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Genus: Sorghum
L.
Species

About 30 species, see text

Sorghum is a genus of grasses with about 30 species, one of which is raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants, either cultivated or as part of pasture. The plants are cultivated in warm climates worldwide. They are native to the tropics and subtropics of the Old World and one species is endemic to Mexico; a number have been introduced into other parts of the world.[1] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane).

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Sorghum farm at Chinawal village, India
A sorghum field in Central America

One species, Sorghum bicolor,[2] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[3] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. These varieties form important components of pastures in many tropical regions. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the "fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world".[4]

Some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates lethal to grazing animals in the early stages of the plants' growth. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and/or nitrates at later stages in growth.[5]

Another Sorghum species, Johnson grass (S. halapense), is classified as an invasive species in the US by the Department of Agriculture.[6]

Broomcorn[edit]

S. vulgare var. technicum is commonly called broomcorn.[7] An annual grass like other Sorghums, it grows 6 to 15 ft tall, although dwarf varieties are only 3 to 7 ft in height. The upper peduncle is normally 8 to 18 in long, topped by a branched inflorescence or panicle, from which the seed-bearing fibers originate. The fibers are usually 12 to 24 in long, but can be up to 36 in long; they are branched toward the tip where the flowers and seed grow. The seeds number about 30,000/lb, with feed value similar to oats. A ton of the fibrous panicle makes 900 to 1200 brooms.[7]

Plants selected for long panicle branches probably originated in central Africa, but the variety was known to be used for broom-making in the Mediterranean in the Dark Ages. It was first described in Italy in the late 1500s.[7]

Species[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

  • Sorghum × almum
  • Sorghum × drummondii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=130722
  2. ^ Mutegi, Evans; Fabrice Sagnard, Moses Muraya, Ben Kanyenji, Bernard Rono, Caroline Mwongera, Charles Marangu, Joseph Kamau, Heiko Parzies, Santie de Villiers, Kassa Semagn, Pierre Traoré, Maryke Labuschagne (2010-02-01). "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 57 (2): 243–253. doi:10.1007/s10722-009-9466-7. 
  3. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200026333
  4. ^ Sorghum, U.S. Grains Council.
  5. ^ Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops - managing the risks. Primary industries and fisheries. Queensland Government. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/4790_20318.htm. 21 April 2011.
  6. ^ Johnson Grass, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Accessed 2257 UDT, 12 March, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Broomcorn, Alternative Field Crops Manual, Purdue University, Accessed 14 Mar 2011.

External links[edit]

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