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Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
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Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
Making Sorghum Syrup at Sandhill Farm: Sustainable Sweetness
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Making Sorghum Syrup
Making Sorghum Syrup
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Planting Forage Sorghum
Planting Forage Sorghum
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2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
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Hong Gao Liang (Red Sorghum) (1987) [MultiSub] [Full Film] - [Mo Yan 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature]
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Making Sweet Sorghum
Making Sweet Sorghum
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Ponk Chevdo Video Recipe | Green Milo or Sorghum Chowder Indian
Ponk Chevdo Video Recipe | Green Milo or Sorghum Chowder Indian
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How to Cook Sorghum | Bob
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill
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How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
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Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
Getting to Know Grain Sorghum
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Dateline The Family On Sorghum Mill Drive Dennis Murphy Reports
Dateline The Family On Sorghum Mill Drive Dennis Murphy Reports
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红高粱 FULL - Red Sorghum  张艺谋 1987年出品
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Muddy Pond Sorghum
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Breville Presents Cornbread-Sorghum Milkshake - "Mind of a Chef Techniques with Edward Lee"
Breville Presents Cornbread-Sorghum Milkshake - "Mind of a Chef Techniques with Edward Lee"
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cutting Sorghum sudan grass.
cutting Sorghum sudan grass.
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Körnersorghum (Grain Sorghum) im Mostviertel
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Determining Grain Sorghum Seeding Rates
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Jowar Ki Bhakri - roti of sorghum flour - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
Jowar Ki Bhakri - roti of sorghum flour - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
::2012/08/21::
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Red Sorghum
Red Sorghum
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Red Sorghum  紅高梁  Zhang Yimou  張藝謀  Tribute
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Making Sorghum Syrup from Cane
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Red Sorghum [红高梁/ข้าวฟ่างสีเพลิง] Trailer
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Making Sorghum Syrup Video
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making molasses from sorghum, start to finish
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::2012/10/18::
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Gluten Free Bread Recipe for Sandwiches: Oat or Sorghum
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Squeezing Sweet Sorghum Cane 2011- Day 2
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Sorghum Squeezing
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Super Sweet Sorghum
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How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Without Oil
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Without Oil
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Jowar or Jonna Roti (Sorghum Roti) - Milo Flat Bread
Jowar or Jonna Roti (Sorghum Roti) - Milo Flat Bread
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Seed to Stalk: A Sorghum Tradition
Seed to Stalk: A Sorghum Tradition
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B.A.S.K. Beauty - Apple & Sorghum Supple Hair Syrup  - Product Review *February 2, 2014
B.A.S.K. Beauty - Apple & Sorghum Supple Hair Syrup - Product Review *February 2, 2014
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Popping Sorghum Like Kettle Corn
Popping Sorghum Like Kettle Corn
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Sorghum Sudan as a Screen for Foodplots
Sorghum Sudan as a Screen for Foodplots
::2012/09/21::
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Chopping BMR Forage Sorghum
Chopping BMR Forage Sorghum
::2012/09/12::
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Jowar (Hurda), Raita, Sorghum Dip Recipe
Jowar (Hurda), Raita, Sorghum Dip Recipe
::2011/12/28::
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Muddy Pond Sorghum Syrup | Tennessee Crossroads
Muddy Pond Sorghum Syrup | Tennessee Crossroads
::2009/09/17::
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How to make Jwarichi Bhakri (Jowar ki Roti  / Sorghum Flour Flatbread)
How to make Jwarichi Bhakri (Jowar ki Roti / Sorghum Flour Flatbread)
::2013/10/04::
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Muddy Pond Sorghum
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How To Make Popped Sorghum | Bob
How To Make Popped Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill
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42
Gluten Free Sorghum Chapati Recipe
Gluten Free Sorghum Chapati Recipe
::2013/03/29::
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43
How to make Sorghum Syrup: John D. Collins
How to make Sorghum Syrup: John D. Collins
::2010/10/09::
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44
Hand-Threshing Sorghum
Hand-Threshing Sorghum
::2011/10/05::
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45
Einstein
Einstein's Sorghum Summer
::2014/09/12::
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46
Nutritional Benefits of Sorghum Flour
Nutritional Benefits of Sorghum Flour
::2012/01/27::
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47
Sorghum in Second Growth 45 Days After Being Cut
Sorghum in Second Growth 45 Days After Being Cut
::2012/09/29::
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48
Making Sorghum Syrup
Making Sorghum Syrup
::2013/08/06::
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49
Sorghum: The Smart Choice For Your Market
Sorghum: The Smart Choice For Your Market
::2014/04/14::
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50
Farmers Share Sorghum-Growing Advice
Farmers Share Sorghum-Growing Advice
::2012/07/27::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the plant genus. For the principal modern crop species, see Sorghum bicolor. For other crop uses, see Commercial sorghum. For other uses, see Sorghum (disambiguation).
Sorghum
Sorghum.jpg
Sorghum bicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Genus: Sorghum
L.
Species

About 30 species, see text

Sorghum is a genus of grasses with about 30 species, one of which is raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants, either cultivated or as part of pasture. The plants are cultivated in warm climates worldwide. They are native to the tropics and subtropics of the Old World and one species is endemic to Mexico; a number have been introduced into other parts of the world.[1] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane).

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Sorghum farm at Chinawal village, India
A sorghum field in Central America

One species, Sorghum bicolor,[2] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[3] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. These varieties form important components of pastures in many tropical regions. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the "fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world".[4]

Some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates lethal to grazing animals in the early stages of the plants' growth. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and/or nitrates at later stages in growth.[5]

Another Sorghum species, Johnson grass (S. halapense), is classified as an invasive species in the US by the Department of Agriculture.[6]

Broomcorn[edit]

S. vulgare var. technicum is commonly called broomcorn.[7] An annual grass like other Sorghums, it grows 6 to 15 ft tall, although dwarf varieties are only 3 to 7 ft in height. The upper peduncle is normally 8 to 18 in long, topped by a branched inflorescence or panicle, from which the seed-bearing fibers originate. The fibers are usually 12 to 24 in long, but can be up to 36 in long; they are branched toward the tip where the flowers and seed grow. The seeds number about 30,000/lb, with feed value similar to oats. A ton of the fibrous panicle makes 900 to 1200 brooms.[7]

Plants selected for long panicle branches probably originated in central Africa, but the variety was known to be used for broom-making in the Mediterranean in the Dark Ages. It was first described in Italy in the late 1500s.[7]

Species[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

  • Sorghum × almum
  • Sorghum × drummondii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=130722
  2. ^ Mutegi, Evans; Fabrice Sagnard, Moses Muraya, Ben Kanyenji, Bernard Rono, Caroline Mwongera, Charles Marangu, Joseph Kamau, Heiko Parzies, Santie de Villiers, Kassa Semagn, Pierre Traoré, Maryke Labuschagne (2010-02-01). "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 57 (2): 243–253. doi:10.1007/s10722-009-9466-7. 
  3. ^ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200026333
  4. ^ Sorghum, U.S. Grains Council.
  5. ^ Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops - managing the risks. Primary industries and fisheries. Queensland Government. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/4790_20318.htm. 21 April 2011.
  6. ^ Johnson Grass, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Accessed 2257 UDT, 12 March, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Broomcorn, Alternative Field Crops Manual, Purdue University, Accessed 14 Mar 2011.

External links[edit]

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