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Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
Sorghum : Growing and Harvesting
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: Survival HT
Ag Minute — What is Sorghum?
Ag Minute — What is Sorghum?
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: This Week in Louisiana Agriculture
Making Sweet Sorghum Syrup
Making Sweet Sorghum Syrup
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: ncfarmbureau
Health Benefits of Sorghum
Health Benefits of Sorghum
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: a2ztube Nutrition
Meet the Mennonites Behind One of the World
Meet the Mennonites Behind One of the World's Best Syrups
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: Eater
Growing Sorghum for FREE Backyard Chicken Feed
Growing Sorghum for FREE Backyard Chicken Feed
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: Self Sufficient Me
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
How to Pop Grain Sorghum Seeds Like Popcorn with Oil
Published: 2010/09/09
Channel: Just Poppin
Health Benefits of Sorghum | 7 Surprising Benefits of Sorghum
Health Benefits of Sorghum | 7 Surprising Benefits of Sorghum
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Easy Home Remedies for Your Problem
What Is Sorghum – Information About Sorghum Plants
What Is Sorghum – Information About Sorghum Plants
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Alexis Bellamy
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob
How to Cook Sorghum | Bob's Red Mill
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: Bob's Red Mill
The Modern Sorghum Press - Unboxing
The Modern Sorghum Press - Unboxing
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: An American Homestead
The Sorghum Farmer
The Sorghum Farmer
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Hampton Creek
Farmers Share Sorghum-Growing Advice
Farmers Share Sorghum-Growing Advice
Published: 2012/07/27
Channel: AgWebEditor
Sorghum Growing in my Backyard
Sorghum Growing in my Backyard
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Green Talk
How to harvest sorghum seeds from the stalk
How to harvest sorghum seeds from the stalk
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: Green Talk
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
2012 South Texas Grain Sorghum Harvest
Published: 2012/08/28
Channel: sorghumcheckoff
That
That's My Farm - Sorghum Planting - April 10, 2015
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: AGaminKansas
Millborn
Millborn's Cow Conditioner: Sorghum Sudangrass
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: MillbornSeeds
making molasses from sorghum, start to finish
making molasses from sorghum, start to finish
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Parlusk
Chopping Silage Sorghum with a John Deere 7780 ProDrive
Chopping Silage Sorghum with a John Deere 7780 ProDrive
Published: 2013/11/17
Channel: bigtractorpower
How to make Whole Grain Sorghum ~ Gluten Free ~ Sorghum Pilaf
How to make Whole Grain Sorghum ~ Gluten Free ~ Sorghum Pilaf
Published: 2014/07/29
Channel: NaturesFairy
Health Benefits of Sorghum - Nutritional Information
Health Benefits of Sorghum - Nutritional Information
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: Foods4Health
How to make Jwarichi Bhakri (Jowar ki Roti  / Sorghum Flour Flatbread)
How to make Jwarichi Bhakri (Jowar ki Roti / Sorghum Flour Flatbread)
Published: 2013/10/04
Channel: Poonam Borkar
Super Sweet Sorghum
Super Sweet Sorghum
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: Ridwan Suhud
Getting to Know Sorghum
Getting to Know Sorghum
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: UNL CropWatch
Sorghum Recipes - The Kentucky Proud Kitchen
Sorghum Recipes - The Kentucky Proud Kitchen
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Kentucky Proud Program
Preparing Jowar roti (Sorghum flat bread) in traditional Rayalaseema style
Preparing Jowar roti (Sorghum flat bread) in traditional Rayalaseema style
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: VL Maa
Sorghum Harvest 2015
Sorghum Harvest 2015
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: HP Photography
Some residents of Kisumu take to sorghum as maize prizes soar
Some residents of Kisumu take to sorghum as maize prizes soar
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Kenya NTV
Corn vs Sorghum - Matt Powers Permaculture Vlog
Corn vs Sorghum - Matt Powers Permaculture Vlog
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: ThePermacultureStudent
Understanding the Benefits of Sorghum Silage for California Dairies
Understanding the Benefits of Sorghum Silage for California Dairies
Published: 2015/10/03
Channel: CaliforniaAgNet
Sorghum Grain
Sorghum Grain
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: DuPont Pioneer
Harvesting Sorghum In Kenya
Harvesting Sorghum In Kenya
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: JJ Macleod
Gluten Free Sorghum Chapati Recipe (jowar ki roti)
Gluten Free Sorghum Chapati Recipe (jowar ki roti)
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: Barbara Allan
Smart Farm - Sorghum Farming
Smart Farm - Sorghum Farming
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: Kenya CitizenTV
Making Sorghum Syrup from Cane
Making Sorghum Syrup from Cane
Published: 2011/10/17
Channel: Jason Akers
Harvesting Sorghum seeds
Harvesting Sorghum seeds
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: TheEmptynester
Capello SPARTAN in 13 foot sorghum near Platte, SD
Capello SPARTAN in 13 foot sorghum near Platte, SD
Published: 2013/09/23
Channel: Jerod Johnson
Sorghum Harvest 2016
Sorghum Harvest 2016
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: HP Photography
Sorghum in the Field: From Planting to Harvest
Sorghum in the Field: From Planting to Harvest
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: Sydney Nelson
Benefits of Whole Grain Sorghum
Benefits of Whole Grain Sorghum
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Sorghum. Nature's Super Grain.
Sugarcane Aphids in Sorghum 101
Sugarcane Aphids in Sorghum 101
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Insect Hunter
Maasdam Sorghum Mills
Maasdam Sorghum Mills
Published: 2015/12/25
Channel: Jennifer Kramer
sorghum food plots
sorghum food plots
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: Blue Ash Farm
Spicy Jowari Ki Roti Recipe Video - How to Make Spicy Sorghum Flour Flattened Bread at Home
Spicy Jowari Ki Roti Recipe Video - How to Make Spicy Sorghum Flour Flattened Bread at Home
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Hyderabad Wala Recipes
Chopping BMR Forage Sorghum
Chopping BMR Forage Sorghum
Published: 2012/09/13
Channel: Sam Koeshall
Sorghum Video for Starlight Farm
Sorghum Video for Starlight Farm
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: StarlightCafe AndFarm
MILLET AND SORGHUM PORRIDGE/ UJI/ KENYAN TRADITIONAL RECIPE
MILLET AND SORGHUM PORRIDGE/ UJI/ KENYAN TRADITIONAL RECIPE
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Ann Gitau
Sorghum Partners 2016
Sorghum Partners 2016
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Sorghum Partners Brand
Sorghum Press in Action
Sorghum Press in Action
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: IndianaCaver
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sorghum
Sorghum.jpg
Sorghum bicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Genus: Sorghum
Moench 1794, conserved name not Sorgum Adanson 1763
Type species
Sorghum bicolor
(L.) Conrad Moench
Synonyms[1]
  • Blumenbachia Koeler 1802, rejected name not Schrad. 1825 (Loasaceae)
  • Sarga Ewart
  • Vacoparis Spangler
  • Andropogon subg. Sorghum Hackel.

Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae. Seventeen of the twenty-five species are native to Australia,[2] with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

One species is grown for grain, while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized, in pasture lands.[9] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane).

Cultivation and uses[edit]

One species, Sorghum bicolor,[10] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[11] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), animal fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. These varieties form important components of pastures in many tropical regions. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world.[12]

Some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates lethal to grazing animals in the early stages of the plants' growth. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and/or nitrates at later stages in growth.[13]

Another Sorghum species, Johnson grass (S. halapense), is classified as an invasive species in the US by the Department of Agriculture.[14]

Research[edit]

Sorghum is efficient in converting solar energy to chemical energy, and also uses less water compared to other grain crops.[15][16] Biofuel, using sweet sorghum as a high sugar content from its stalk for ethanol production, is being developed with biomass which can be turned into charcoal, syngas, and bio-oil.[17][18]

Nutrition[edit]

A 100 gram amount of raw sorghum provides 329 calories, 72% carbohydrates, 4% fat, and 11% protein (table). Sorghum supplies numerous essential nutrients in rich content (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV), including protein; fiber; the B vitamins niacin, thiamin and vitamin B6; and several dietary minerals, including iron (26% DV) and manganese (76% DV) (table). Sorghum nutrient contents generally are similar to those of raw oats (see nutrition table). Among other similarities to oats, sorghum contains no gluten, making it useful for gluten-free diets.

Diversity[edit]

Accepted species[19]
  1. Sorghum amplum – northwestern Australia
  2. Sorghum angustum – Queensland
  3. Sorghum arundinaceum – Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Madagascar, islands of western Indian Ocean
  4. Sorghum bicolor – cultivated sorghum, often individually called sorghum, also known as durra, jowari, or milo. - native to Sahel region of Africa; naturalized in many places
  5. Sorghum brachypodum – Northern Territory of Australia
  6. Sorghum bulbosum – Northern Territory, Western Australia
  7. Sorghum burmahicum – Thailand, Myanmar
  8. Sorghum controversum – India
  9. Sorghum × drummondii – Sahel and West Africa
  10. Sorghum ecarinatum – Northern Territory, Western Australia
  11. Sorghum exstans – Northern Territory of Australia
  12. Sorghum grande – Northern Territory, Queensland
  13. Sorghum halepense – Johnson grass – North Africa, islands of eastern Atlantic, southern Asia from Lebanon to Vietnam; naturalized in East Asia, Australia, the Americas
  14. Sorghum interjectum – Northern Territory, Western Australia
  15. Sorghum intrans – Northern Territory, Western Australia
  16. Sorghum laxiflorum – Philippines, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, New Guinea, northern Australia
  17. Sorghum leiocladum – Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria
  18. Sorghum macrospermum – Northern Territory of Australia
  19. Sorghum matarankense – Northern Territory, Western Australia
  20. Sorghum nitidum – East Asia, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Micronesia
  21. Sorghum plumosum – Australia, New Guinea, Indonesia
  22. Sorghum propinquum – China , Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Christmas Island, Micronesia, Cook Islands
  23. Sorghum purpureosericeum – Sahel from Mali to Tanzania; Yemen, Oman, India
  24. Sorghum stipoideum – Northern Territory, Western Australia
  25. Sorghum timorense – Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, New Guinea, northern Australia
  26. Sorghum trichocladum – Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
  27. Sorghum versicolor – eastern + southern Africa from Ethiopia to Namibia; Oman
  28. Sorghum virgatum – dry regions from Senegal to Israel
Sorghum, grain
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 1,377 kJ (329 kcal)
72.1 g
Dietary fiber 6.7 g
3.5 g
10.6 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(29%)
0.33 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(8%)
0.1 mg
Niacin (B3)
(25%)
3.7 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
(8%)
0.4 mg
Vitamin B6
(34%)
0.44 mg
Folate (B9)
(5%)
20 μg
Minerals
Calcium
(1%)
13 mg
Iron
(26%)
3.4 mg
Magnesium
(46%)
165 mg
Manganese
(76%)
1.6 mg
Phosphorus
(41%)
289 mg
Potassium
(8%)
363 mg
Sodium
(0%)
2 mg
Zinc
(18%)
1.7 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Formerly included[citation needed]

Many species once considered part of Sorghum, but now considered better suited to other genera include: Andropogon, Arthraxon, Bothriochloa, Chrysopogon, Cymbopogon, Danthoniopsis, Dichanthium, Diectomis, Diheteropogon, Exotheca, Hyparrhenia, Hyperthelia, Monocymbium, Parahyparrhenia, Pentameris, Pseudosorghum, Schizachyrium, and Sorghastrum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  2. ^ Sally L. Dillon; Peter K. Lawrence; Robert J. Henry; et al. "Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 25 Sorghum species". SOUTHERN CROSS PLANT SCIENCE. Southern Cross University. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Moench, Conrad. 1794. Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis : a staminum situ describendi page 207 in Latin
  4. ^ Tropicos, Sorghum Moench
  5. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 600 高粱属 gao liang shu Sorghum Moench, Methodus. 207. 1794
  6. ^ "Sorghum in Flora of Pakistan @ efloras.org". Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Sorghum
  8. ^ Australia, Atlas of Living. "Sorghum - Atlas of Living Australia". Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Sorghum". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  10. ^ Mutegi, Evans; Sagnard, Fabrice; Muraya, Moses; et al. (2010-02-01). "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 57 (2): 243–253. doi:10.1007/s10722-009-9466-7. 
  11. ^ "Sorghum bicolor in Flora of China @ efloras.org". Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "Sorghum". New World Encyclopedia. 12 October 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  13. ^ Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops - managing the risks. Primary industries and fisheries. Queensland Government. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/4790_20318.htm. 21 April 2011.
  14. ^ Johnson Grass, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Accessed 2257 UDT, 12 March 2009.
  15. ^ "HudsonAlpha and collaborators expand sorghum research program - HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology". HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology. 2017-01-25. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  16. ^ Dweikat, Ismail (2017). "Sweet sorghum is a drought-tolerant feedstock with the potential to produce more ethanol/acre than corn". Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  17. ^ "Purdue leading research using advanced technologies to better grow sorghum as biofuel". Purdue University, Agriculture News. June 2015. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  18. ^ "Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production". eXtension. 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  19. ^ "The Plant List: Sorghum". Royal Botanic Gardens Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

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