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South Bay, Los Angeles
South Bay, Los Angeles
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Baby Boot Camp Los Angeles South Bay Grand Opening http://www.babybootcamp.com/
Baby Boot Camp Los Angeles South Bay Grand Opening http://www.babybootcamp.com/
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2014 Mazda Alhambra South Bay Los Angeles Santa Monica
2014 Mazda Alhambra South Bay Los Angeles Santa Monica
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Affordable Flute Lessons Los Angeles Beverly Hills South Bay Studio City Hollywood Orange County
Affordable Flute Lessons Los Angeles Beverly Hills South Bay Studio City Hollywood Orange County
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Torrance Beach,  Torrance California, (Los Angeles County - South Bay)
Torrance Beach, Torrance California, (Los Angeles County - South Bay)
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Chrysler LAX Long Beach South Bay Torrance Los Angeles
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Redondo Beach Major Garage Sale. South Bay Estate Moving Sale Los Angeles Gardening Items 90278
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South Bay Bike Path (Westchester, Los Angeles, CA) to Mindanao Way (Playa Vista) via Playa Del Ray
South Bay Bike Path (Westchester, Los Angeles, CA) to Mindanao Way (Playa Vista) via Playa Del Ray
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Dodge RAM Trucks 1500 Los Angeles LAX Long Beach South Bay Torrance
Dodge RAM Trucks 1500 Los Angeles LAX Long Beach South Bay Torrance
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2014 Dodge Charger Los Angeles LAX Long Beach South Bay Torrance Alhambra
2014 Dodge Charger Los Angeles LAX Long Beach South Bay Torrance Alhambra
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Welcome to Women
Welcome to Women's Council of Realtors - South Bay, Los Angeles Area, CA
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Los Angeles South Bay F.C. u16
Los Angeles South Bay F.C. u16
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Gary Elminoufi | Beach City Brokers discusses the South Bay Los Angeles Real Estate Market
Gary Elminoufi | Beach City Brokers discusses the South Bay Los Angeles Real Estate Market
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Welcome to South Bay Los Angeles - The Beach Cities - Manhattan - Hermosa - Redondo
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G-POWER M6 HURRICANE RS von SouthBay Autohaus aus Los Angeles
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Kids Kung Fu Classes Southbay Los Angeles
Kids Kung Fu Classes Southbay Los Angeles
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2014 Chrysler 300 Westchester Long Beach South Bay Torrance Los Angeles
2014 Chrysler 300 Westchester Long Beach South Bay Torrance Los Angeles
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Adopt a cat in South Bay Los Angeles, rescue a cat, save a life...
Adopt a cat in South Bay Los Angeles, rescue a cat, save a life...
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1501 E. Sycamore Avenue - South Bay, Los Angeles
1501 E. Sycamore Avenue - South Bay, Los Angeles
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Plumbers Los Angeles Sewer Drain Orange County Plumbing South Bay Power Pro Plumbing
Plumbers Los Angeles Sewer Drain Orange County Plumbing South Bay Power Pro Plumbing
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Days Inn Los Angeles Southbay hotel
Days Inn Los Angeles Southbay hotel
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South Bay BMW: Challenges "New York Times Top 10 Grilled Cheese Sandwich In Los Angeles
South Bay BMW: Challenges "New York Times Top 10 Grilled Cheese Sandwich In Los Angeles
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South Bay Marketing Torrance, CA | Online Marketing Los Angeles
South Bay Marketing Torrance, CA | Online Marketing Los Angeles
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BMW 428i Before Window Tint Los Angeles, CA 310.827.8121 SouthBay BMW
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New Mazda CX-5 Dealer Long Beach South Bay Cerritos Los Angeles LAX
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1969 Chevy Camaro Z28 Cheverolet Torrance South Bay BMW Direct Ebay Los Angeles Dealership
1969 Chevy Camaro Z28 Cheverolet Torrance South Bay BMW Direct Ebay Los Angeles Dealership
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2014 BMW 428i Window Tint After 30% All Around SouthBay Los Angeles, CA
2014 BMW 428i Window Tint After 30% All Around SouthBay Los Angeles, CA
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Los Angeles Dental Patient Testimonial | Bradley S. Matthew, DDS | South Bay Smiles
Los Angeles Dental Patient Testimonial | Bradley S. Matthew, DDS | South Bay Smiles
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Ocean Kayaking in the South Bay (Los Angeles County, CA, USA)
Ocean Kayaking in the South Bay (Los Angeles County, CA, USA)
::2012/02/06::
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2012 Specialized Venge Drawing Crowds at PV Bicycle Center in Los Angeles South Bay
2012 Specialized Venge Drawing Crowds at PV Bicycle Center in Los Angeles South Bay
::2012/02/15::
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2014 Mazda 3 Alhambra-South Bay-Los Angeles-Santa Monica
2014 Mazda 3 Alhambra-South Bay-Los Angeles-Santa Monica
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Professional Tile Cleaning in South Bay, Los Angeles
Professional Tile Cleaning in South Bay, Los Angeles
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SOUTH BAY LOS ANGELES HOMELESS FAIR 2011/2012
SOUTH BAY LOS ANGELES HOMELESS FAIR 2011/2012
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Family Law - Regal Law Office, South Bay of Los Angeles, Torrance, CA
Family Law - Regal Law Office, South Bay of Los Angeles, Torrance, CA
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Southbay Los Angeles Wild Galleria- South Bay Wildlife Gallery
Southbay Los Angeles Wild Galleria- South Bay Wildlife Gallery
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Porcelain Veneers in Los Angeles | Bradley S. Matthew, DDS | South Bay Smiles
Porcelain Veneers in Los Angeles | Bradley S. Matthew, DDS | South Bay Smiles
::2012/06/06::
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Thrill the World 2009 / Southbay (Los Angeles)
Thrill the World 2009 / Southbay (Los Angeles)
::2009/10/25::
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South Bay Los Angeles 350 Recognition Manhattan Beach Nov 17
South Bay Los Angeles 350 Recognition Manhattan Beach Nov 17
::2009/12/17::
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Muay Thai Classes in South Bay | Los Angeles Kickboxing | Free Intro Class (310)376-1602
Muay Thai Classes in South Bay | Los Angeles Kickboxing | Free Intro Class (310)376-1602
::2012/06/01::
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KCAL 9 Los Angeles Earthquake South Bay Area on News live weather man feel earth HDwuake
KCAL 9 Los Angeles Earthquake South Bay Area on News live weather man feel earth HDwuake
::2014/03/29::
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Los Angeles South Bay Free Real Estate Search Tool
Los Angeles South Bay Free Real Estate Search Tool
::2010/07/27::
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Best Marketer Los Angeles, CA   South Bay Marketing 830-931-4901
Best Marketer Los Angeles, CA South Bay Marketing 830-931-4901
::2013/09/05::
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Renewal by Andersen Gliding Window - Los Angeles/South Bay
Renewal by Andersen Gliding Window - Los Angeles/South Bay
::2012/10/10::
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Carelife Home Care in Los Angeles, Torrance, South Bay and Orange County
Carelife Home Care in Los Angeles, Torrance, South Bay and Orange County
::2011/05/12::
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South Bay Rental Housing CA, Los Angeles
South Bay Rental Housing CA, Los Angeles
::2012/06/27::
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46
Leverage Lacrosse | South Bay Club Lacrosse | Los Angeles Box Lacrosse League | Mustangs vs Pali
Leverage Lacrosse | South Bay Club Lacrosse | Los Angeles Box Lacrosse League | Mustangs vs Pali
::2011/10/18::
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Porcelain Crowns in Los Angeles | Bradley S. Matthew, DDS | South Bay Smiles
Porcelain Crowns in Los Angeles | Bradley S. Matthew, DDS | South Bay Smiles
::2012/06/06::
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Latin Breeze Band  From The South Bay Of Los Angeles
Latin Breeze Band From The South Bay Of Los Angeles
::2013/09/23::
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Luxor Cars, South Bay Los Angeles
Luxor Cars, South Bay Los Angeles
::2013/02/13::
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South Bay Club Lacrosse | Leverage Lacrosse | Los Angeles Box Lacrosse League JV Championship
South Bay Club Lacrosse | Leverage Lacrosse | Los Angeles Box Lacrosse League JV Championship
::2012/10/12::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The South Bay and surrounding regions in Southern California

The South Bay is a region of the southwest peninsula of Los Angeles County, California. The name stems from its geographic features stretching along the southern shores of Santa Monica Bay (covering the coastal regions on Los Angeles County south of LAX) which forms its western border.

The picture at right uses the broadest definition of the region, including all communities south of Interstate 105 and west of Long Beach (with the exception of Compton, which is generally considered South LA). The South Bay includes: the Beach Cities (Manhattan Beach, Hermosa Beach, Redondo Beach), the Palos Verdes Peninsula, neighborhoods of the City of Los Angeles (Harbor City, Harbor Gateway, San Pedro and Wilmington), El Segundo, inland cities of the South Bay (Hawthorne, Inglewood, Gardena, Carson, Lawndale, Torrance, and Lomita) and unincorporated areas of L.A. County. [1] The region is bordered on the north by the Westside, on the northeast by South Los Angeles, on the east by the Gateway Cities, and on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean.

The Harbor (I-110), San Diego (I-405), Gardena (SR 91), and Century (I-105) Freeways provide the region with its principal transportation links. The Los Angeles MTA's Blue Line (opened in 1990) is a light rail line running between Downtown Los Angeles and Downtown Long Beach. It is the first of the MTA's modern rail lines since the 1961 demise of the Pacific Electric Railway's Red Car system. The Green Line (opened in 1995, together with the Glenn Anderson Freeway), a light rail line, also serves the South Bay. It runs between Redondo Beach and Norwalk in the median of the Century Freeway (Interstate 105), providing indirect access to Los Angeles International Airport via a shuttle bus. Several ports and harbors in the South Bay provide access to Santa Catalina Island, a popular resort. In addition, Los Angeles International Airport borders El Segundo to the north in the neighborhood of Westchester, Los Angeles.

Note that in San Diego, "South Bay" refers to the South Bay of the San Diego Area. This area includes cities such as Chula Vista and National City. In Northern California, "South Bay" refers to the South Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area.

People[edit]

The South Bay is one of the most culturally, economically, and ethnically diverse areas in the United States, with a largely even distribution of the population across African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, and Latino ancestry. However, the racial and economic makeup varies widely across the region. El Segundo, Hermosa Beach, Redondo Beach and Torrance have a mixture of middle-to-upper class residents, of which are mostly White American and Asian American. The Palos Verdes Peninsula and Manhattan Beach are two of the wealthiest communities in the United States, with some of the most expensive real estate in the United States.[2] The city of Carson has a sizable population of middle-class African Americans. Hawthorne, Inglewood, Gardena and Lawndale are diverse communities with pluralities of blacks and Latinos. Gardena is home to one of America's oldest Japanese communities. In addition, San Pedro has a large community of Italian and Croatian immigrants.

Major employers[edit]

Port of Los Angeles[edit]

The Port of Los Angeles, sprawling across the shorelines of San Pedro and Wilmington, is the busiest in the United States. When combined with the Port of Long Beach, it is the fifth-busiest in the world. Traditionally, most of the populations of Wilmington and San Pedro have worked for the port in some capacity. It is increasingly the primary driver of the Southern California economy: industrial growth in the Inland Empire is almost entirely attributable to increased port traffic since the 1980s. Unfortunately, the massive increase in cargo volume has created significant air pollution (especially of particulate matter resulting from the combustion of low-grade marine diesel fuel) in neighboring communities.

Aerospace[edit]

The South Bay is the traditional home of Southern California's aerospace industry. While considerably shrunken from its Cold War peak, it still represents a major economic force, employing thousands in high-skill, high-wage engineering positions and generating enormous amounts of tax revenue. Northrop Grumman has a major facility in El Segundo where the F/A-18 Hornet fuselage is manufactured, as well as the headquarters of the Space Technology division in Redondo Beach and a facility at the Hawthorne Municipal Airport. Alcoa Fastening Systems, a subsidiary of Alcoa Inc. which produces aerospace fasteners, has their corporate headquarters located in Torrance with manufacturing facilities in both Torrance and Carson. Boeing and Lockheed Martin also maintain extensive production facilities throughout the South Bay, and Raytheon's Space and Airborne Systems business unit is based in El Segundo. The Los Angeles Air Force Base, in Del Aire, is the locus of much of this aerospace research activity, as it is the primary development facility for military satellites and other space programs. DirecTV, a former subsidiary of Hughes Aircraft, is also headquartered in El Segundo for this reason.

Oil refining[edit]

View of the Palos Verdes Peninsula. Los Angeles in the distance.

Petroleum refining is another important component of the South Bay's economy. Major South Bay refiners include BP (ARCO facility in Carson), Chevron (El Segundo), Phillips 66 (Wilmington), ExxonMobil (Torrance), Tesoro (Wilmington), and Valero (Wilmington). These refiners supply the lion's share of petroleum products for Southern California, as well as for Nevada and Arizona. As the Los Angeles region's oil fields are mostly exhausted, most of the crude oil that feeds the refineries is brought in from terminals at the port.[citation needed]

Local politicians and activists have long denounced the refineries for the amount of air pollution they generate, but in recent years these protests have been muted as the Port of Los Angeles has become the region's dominant polluter.[citation needed] The controversial practice of residue flaring returned to the forefront during the September 12, 2005 Los Angeles Department of Water and Power outage; facing dangerous pressure buildups, refinery operators in Wilmington were forced to flare, resulting in dangerously bad air quality throughout the southeastern South Bay.[citation needed] The incident has renewed calls for restrictions on flaring in non-emergency situations.[citation needed]

Automotive[edit]

Japanese automobile manufacturers Toyota and Honda maintain their North American headquarters in the South Bay, in the city of Torrance. (Nissan was also headquartered in the South Bay until late 2005. The company then relocated to Tennessee, citing the high cost of running a business in California.) While these locations are largely the legacy of the region's historical importance as a Japanese-American population center, it has proven fortuitous for two reasons: first, it enables closer oversight of vehicle import operations at the nearby ports; and second, it gives them proximity to the automobile customization culture that is prominent in nearby South Los Angeles.

Education[edit]

Korean population[edit]

In 1990 there were 13,591 Korean ethnic people in the South Bay, double the amount from 1980. As of 1992 there were about 2,000 Korean businesses in the South Bay area. As of 1992 about 60% of the Korean population lived in Gardena and Torrance, and about 6,000 Korean residents lived in Torrance. Gardena served as the center of Korean-American business. In addition, some wealthier Koreans began settling in the Palos Verdes Peninsula. From the 1980 U.S. Census to the 1990 U.S. Census, Palos Verdes Estates, Rolling Hills Estates and Rancho Palos Verdes were three of the five South Bay cities with the highest percentage increases of ethnic Koreans.[3]

Media[edit]

In addition to the Los Angeles Times, the South Bay cities are served by their own daily paper, the Daily Breeze, the weekly The Beach Reporter, and a bi-monthly community paper Carson/South Bay Community News.

Music[edit]

The South Bay has a rich history in music, and has produced a number of significant rock bands, like Hawthorne natives The Beach Boys in the early 1960s, and continuing particularly in punk music. Notable South Bay-based artists include:

Black Flag guitarist Greg Ginn's SST record label, a seminal alternative rock label of the 1980s, maintained its headquarters in Lawndale.

Communities in the South Bay[edit]

Unincorporated Los Angeles County communities
Neighborhoods of the City of Los Angeles

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Choose LA County
  2. ^ "The Most Expensive Zip Codes". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 24, 2007. Retrieved 2006-10-03. 
  3. ^ Millacan, Anthony. "Presence of Koreans Reshaping the Region : Immigrants: A developing Koreatown in Gardena symbolizes changes a growing population is bringing to the area." (Archive) Los Angeles Times. February 2, 1992. Metro; PART-B; Zones Desk p. 3. p. 1 of 2. Retrieved on August 30, 2013.
  4. ^ The Westfield Neighborhood

External links[edit]

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