Play Video
1
INfocus - South Yemen: The Call for Division
INfocus - South Yemen: The Call for Division
::2013/08/19::
Play Video
2
the story of south yemen قصة جنوب اليمن
the story of south yemen قصة جنوب اليمن
::2012/03/09::
Play Video
3
South Yemeni separatists continue agitating for secession
South Yemeni separatists continue agitating for secession
::2010/03/25::
Play Video
4
Al dale massacre South Yemen.  - . 27 Dec 2013 مجزرة الضالع اليمن - الجنوب اليوم
Al dale massacre South Yemen. - . 27 Dec 2013 مجزرة الضالع اليمن - الجنوب اليوم
::2013/12/27::
Play Video
5
South Yemen Movement
South Yemen Movement
::2011/12/12::
Play Video
6
south yemen song
south yemen song
::2009/11/24::
Play Video
7
History 163 Documentary- Aden (South Yemen)
History 163 Documentary- Aden (South Yemen)
::2010/12/02::
Play Video
8
South Yemen National Anthem (1979-1990) [Socialist Military Parade 1989]
South Yemen National Anthem (1979-1990) [Socialist Military Parade 1989]
::2013/11/28::
Play Video
9
Video  the Yemeni army open live fire kills demonstrators in Aden, South Yemen
Video the Yemeni army open live fire kills demonstrators in Aden, South Yemen
::2013/02/22::
Play Video
10
Dozens killed in south Yemen offensive
Dozens killed in south Yemen offensive
::2012/05/14::
Play Video
11
this is not Syria,or Libya,or Egypt this is South Yemen Aden
this is not Syria,or Libya,or Egypt this is South Yemen Aden
::2013/01/16::
Play Video
12
South Yemen Aden Mo3ala
South Yemen Aden Mo3ala
::2012/07/12::
Play Video
13
Three dead in south Yemen blasts
Three dead in south Yemen blasts
::2013/12/31::
Play Video
14
South Yemen Aden Mo3ala
South Yemen Aden Mo3ala
::2012/07/12::
Play Video
15
Three killed in south Yemen clashes
Three killed in south Yemen clashes
::2013/12/21::
Play Video
16
,south yemen
,south yemen
::2011/06/19::
Play Video
17
meet with President Ali Salem, president of South Yemen with Al-Jazeera English
meet with President Ali Salem, president of South Yemen with Al-Jazeera English
::2012/05/22::
Play Video
18
Tortured soldier refuses to fire live bullets at demonstrators Aden, South Yemen
Tortured soldier refuses to fire live bullets at demonstrators Aden, South Yemen
::2013/02/22::
Play Video
19
South Yemen poetry شاب من جنوب اليمن يشعر على الوحده و الحريه
South Yemen poetry شاب من جنوب اليمن يشعر على الوحده و الحريه
::2012/08/31::
Play Video
20
south yemen song
south yemen song
::2011/06/30::
Play Video
21
Millions protests South Yemen aden 3/18/2013 .
Millions protests South Yemen aden 3/18/2013 .
::2013/03/18::
Play Video
22
free south YEMEN   two million people calling, South Arabia
free south YEMEN two million people calling, South Arabia
::2011/01/09::
Play Video
23
South Yemen: A new dawn under horizon?-INfocus-07-10-2011
South Yemen: A new dawn under horizon?-INfocus-07-10-2011
::2011/07/11::
Play Video
24
PROPAGANDA Purported Video Of
PROPAGANDA Purported Video Of 'Al-Qaeda'; Aljazeera Smears South Yemen As Al-Qaeda Hotbed
::2014/04/16::
Play Video
25
demonstrations calling for secession in Aden, South Yemen, 11/30/2011 1:00 pm
demonstrations calling for secession in Aden, South Yemen, 11/30/2011 1:00 pm
::2011/11/30::
Play Video
26
Revolution of South Yemen .. Aden 21/ 05/ 2009 .. Peaceful protests
Revolution of South Yemen .. Aden 21/ 05/ 2009 .. Peaceful protests
::2009/06/06::
Play Video
27
Protesters call for independence of South Yemen
Protesters call for independence of South Yemen
::2013/10/12::
Play Video
28
Yemeni army opens live bullets against demonstrators in Aden, South Yemen 2 23 2011
Yemeni army opens live bullets against demonstrators in Aden, South Yemen 2 23 2011
::2011/02/24::
Play Video
29
South Yemen Protests 4/27/2013 The anniversary of the declaration of war on the south
South Yemen Protests 4/27/2013 The anniversary of the declaration of war on the south
::2013/04/27::
Play Video
30
PROPAGANDA Purported Video Of
PROPAGANDA Purported Video Of 'Al-Qaeda'; Aljazeera Smears South Yemen As Al-Qaeda Hotbed 12.22.09
::2011/06/25::
Play Video
31
YouTube  South Yemen revolution     Killed and wounded in peaceful demonstrations     Aden 13 01 2009
YouTube South Yemen revolution Killed and wounded in peaceful demonstrations Aden 13 01 2009
::2010/05/04::
Play Video
32
Strongest Tribes in South Yemen
Strongest Tribes in South Yemen
::2010/08/18::
Play Video
33
video Army killing demonstrators with live ammunition in aden south yemen 2/21/2013
video Army killing demonstrators with live ammunition in aden south yemen 2/21/2013
::2013/02/22::
Play Video
34
Army shelling kills 16, including 3 kids, in south Yemen
Army shelling kills 16, including 3 kids, in south Yemen
::2013/12/27::
Play Video
35
South Yemen Protest in NYC 2010
South Yemen Protest in NYC 2010
::2010/09/24::
Play Video
36
Hadramaut South Yemen protests 1/18/2013
Hadramaut South Yemen protests 1/18/2013
::2013/01/18::
Play Video
37
military comitted massacre against civilians in Aden South Yemen
military comitted massacre against civilians in Aden South Yemen
::2011/02/26::
Play Video
38
Three south Yemen separatists killed amid demonstrations
Three south Yemen separatists killed amid demonstrations
::2010/03/11::
Play Video
39
13 People die in US drone attack in south Yemen
13 People die in US drone attack in south Yemen
::2014/04/19::
Play Video
40
Shooting at houses in Mansoura aden city south yemen by the occupation soldiers,
Shooting at houses in Mansoura aden city south yemen by the occupation soldiers,
::2012/06/18::
Play Video
41
SIS South Yemen dance
SIS South Yemen dance
::2012/12/19::
Play Video
42
south Yemen aden amazing protests January 4/27/2013
south Yemen aden amazing protests January 4/27/2013
::2013/04/28::
Play Video
43
Revolution of South Yemen .. Crimes of the dictator Ali Saleh and its regime over the southerns
Revolution of South Yemen .. Crimes of the dictator Ali Saleh and its regime over the southerns
::2009/06/10::
Play Video
44
South Yemen.m4v
South Yemen.m4v
::2010/02/21::
Play Video
45
14 people killed in south Yemen violence
14 people killed in south Yemen violence
::2014/02/18::
Play Video
46
Massive protests in Aden demand independence for South Yemen 2 21 2013
Massive protests in Aden demand independence for South Yemen 2 21 2013
::2013/02/22::
Play Video
47
war on south YEMEN 1994 BY THE NORTH
war on south YEMEN 1994 BY THE NORTH
::2011/03/06::
Play Video
48
Yemen Military comitted massacre in Aden south Yemen
Yemen Military comitted massacre in Aden south Yemen
::2011/02/27::
Play Video
49
South Yemen   Aden 30 11 2013
South Yemen Aden 30 11 2013
::2013/12/01::
Play Video
50
south yemen
south yemen
::2008/02/10::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
جمهورية اليَمَنْ الديمُقراطية الشَعْبِيّة
Jumhūrīyat Al-Yaman Al-Dīmuqrāṭīyah Al-Sha'bīyah

 

 

1967–1990
Flag Coat of arms
The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in 1990.
Capital Aden
Languages Arabic
English
Mehri
Soqotri
Hobi
Shehri
South Arabian
Government Marxist-Leninist single-party socialist state
General Secretary
 -  1978–1980 Abdul Fattah Ismail
 -  1980–1986 Ali Nasir Muhammad
 -  1986–1990 Ali Salim al-Beidh
President
 -  1967–1969 (first) Qahtan al-Shaabi
 -  1986–1990 (last) Haidar al-Attas
Prime Minister
 -  1969 Faysal al-Shaabi
 -  1969–1971 Muhammad Ali Haitham
 -  1971–1985 Ali Nasir Muhammad
 -  1985–1986 Haidar al-Attas
 -  1986–1990 Yasin Said Numan
Legislature Supreme People's Council
Historical era Cold War
 -  Independence declared 30 November 1967
 -  UN membership 14 December 1967
 -  Constitution adopted 31 October 1978
 -  Unification 22 May 1990
Area
 -  1990 360,133 km² (139,048 sq mi)
Population
 -  1990 est. 2,585,484 
     Density 7.2 /km²  (18.6 /sq mi)
Currency South Yemeni dinar
Calling code +969
ISO 3166-1 = YD
ISO 3166-3 = YDYE

The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (Arabic: جمهورية اليَمَنْ الديمُقراطية الشَعْبِيّة Jumhūrīyat Al-Yaman Al-Dīmuqrāṭīyah Al-Sha'bīyah), also referred to as South Yemen, Democratic Yemen or Yemen (Aden), was a socialist state in the southern and eastern provinces of the present-day Republic of Yemen, including the island of Socotra. It was one of the few openly-Communist regimes to exist in the Arab World and the Middle East. It united with the Yemen Arab Republic (commonly known as "North Yemen") on May 22, 1990, to form the present-day Yemen. After four years, however, South Yemen declared its secession from the north, which resulted in the north occupying south Yemen and the 1994 civil war.

History[edit]

British rule[edit]

In 1838, Sultan Muhsin bin Fadl of the nearby state of Lahej ceded 194 km² (75 sq. miles) including Aden to the British. On 19 January 1839, the British East India Company landed Royal Marines at Aden to occupy the territory and stop attacks by pirates against British shipping to India. It then became an important trading hub between British India and the Red Sea, and following the opening of the Suez canal in 1869, it became a coaling station for ships en route to India. Aden was ruled as part of British India until 1937, when the city of Aden became the Colony of Aden. The Aden hinterland and Hadhramaut to the east formed the remainder of what would become South Yemen and was not administered directly by Aden but were tied to Britain by treaties of protection with local rulers of traditional polities that, together, became known as the Aden Protectorate. Economic development was largely centred in Aden, and while the city flourished, the states of the Aden Protectorate stagnated.

Decolonization[edit]

In 1963, Aden and much of the Protectorate were joined to form the Federation of South Arabia with the remaining states that declined to join, mainly in Hadhramaut, forming the separate Protectorate of South Arabia. Both of these polities were still tied to Britain with promises of total independence in 1968. Two nationalist groups, the Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen (FLOSY) and the National Liberation Front (NLF), began an armed struggle (Aden Emergency) on 14 October 1963 against British control and, with the temporary closure of the Suez Canal in 1967, the British began to withdraw. One faction, NLF, was invited to the Geneva Talks to sign the independence agreement with the British. Ironically, Britain, who during its occupation of Aden signed several treaties of protection with the local sheikhdoms and emirates of the Federation of South Arabia, excluded them in the talks and thus the agreement stated "...the handover of the territory of South Arabia to the (Yemeni) NLF...". Southern Yemen became independent as the People's Republic of South Yemen on 30 November 1967, and the National Liberation Front consolidated its control in the country.

In June 1969, a radical Marxist wing of the NLF gained power and on 1 December 1970, reorganized the country into the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Subsequently, all political parties were amalgamated into the National Liberation Front, renamed the Yemeni Socialist Party, which became the only legal party. The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen established close ties with the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, Cuba, East Germany, and the Palestinian Liberation Organization.

The major communist powers assisted in the building of the PDRY's armed forces. Strong support from Moscow resulted in Soviet naval forces gaining access to naval facilities in South Yemen.

Disputes with North Yemen[edit]

Unlike the early decades of East Germany and West Germany, North Korea and South Korea, or North Vietnam and South Vietnam, the northern Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) and the PDRY remained relatively friendly, though relations were often strained. In 1972 a small proxy border conflict was resolved with negotiations, where it was declared unification would eventually occur.

However, these plans were put on hold in 1979, as the PDRY funded Red rebels in the YAR, and war was only prevented by an Arab League intervention. The goal of unity was reaffirmed by the northern and southern heads of state during a summit meeting in Kuwait in March 1979.

In 1980, PDRY president Abdul Fattah Ismail resigned and went into exile in Moscow, having lost the confidence of his sponsors in the USSR.[1] His successor, Ali Nasir Muhammad, took a less interventionist stance toward both North Yemen and neighbouring Oman.

Civil war[edit]

On January 13, 1986, a violent struggle began in Aden between Ali Nasir's supporters and supporters of the returned Ismail, who wanted power back. Fighting, known as the South Yemen Civil War, lasted for more than a month and resulted in thousands of casualties, Ali Nasir's ouster, and Ismail's death. Some 60,000 people, including the deposed Ali Nasir, fled to the YAR. Ali Salim al-Beidh, an ally of Ismail who had succeeded in escaping the attack on pro-Ismail members of the Politburo, then became General Secretary of the Yemeni Socialist Party.[2]

Reforms and attempts for unification[edit]

Against the background of the Perestroika in the USSR, Yemen's main backer, South Yemen started political reforms in the late 1980s. Political prisoners were released, political parties were formed and the justice was reckoned to be more equitable than in the North. In May 1988, the YAR and PDRY governments came to an understanding that considerably reduced tensions including agreement to renew discussions concerning unification, to establish a joint oil exploration area along their undefined border, to demilitarize the border, and to allow Yemenis unrestricted border passage on the basis of only a national identification card. In 1990, the parties reached a full agreement on joint governing of Yemen, and the countries were effectively merged as Yemen.

Politics and social life[edit]

Ethnic groups: Arab 92.8%, Somali 3.7%, Black 1.1%, Indo-Pakistani 1%, other 1.4% (2000) The only recognized political party in South Yemen was the Yemeni Socialist Party, which ran the country and the economy along lines they described as Marxist, modeled on the Soviet Union.[citation needed]

The constitution prescribed universal suffrage.

The Supreme People's Council was appointed by the general command of the National Liberation Front in 1971.

In Aden, there was a structured judicial system, with a supreme court.

Education was paid for through general taxation.

There was no housing crisis in South Yemen. Surplus housing built by the British meant that there were few homeless people in Aden, and people built their own houses out of adobe and mud in the rural areas.

Sports[edit]

In 1976, the South Yemen national football team participated in the Asia Cup, where the team lost to Iraq 1-0, and Iran 8-0. They entered their only World Cup qualification campaign, for the 1986 FIFA World Cup, and were knocked out in the first round by Bahrain. South Yemen played their first international against the United Arab Republic on 2 September 1965 where they lost 14-0. Their last international match played was against Guinea on 5 November 1989 where they lost 1-0. The team stopped playing when the North and South united in 1990 to form the modern state of Yemen.

Finally in 1988, the South Yemen Olympic team made its debut in Seoul. Sending only eight athletes, the country won no medals. This was the only time the country went to the Olympics until unification in 1990.

Governorates[edit]

Map of the governorates

Following independence, South Yemen was divided into six governorates (Arabic sg. muhafazah), with roughly natural boundaries, each given a name by numeral. From 1967 to 1978 they were named officially by numerals only, from 1979 to 1990 - by new official names. The islands: Kamaran (until 1972, when it was seized by North Yemen), Perim (Meyun), Socotra, Abd-el-Kuri, Samha (inhabited), Darsah and others uninhabitated from the Socotra archipelago were district (mudiriyah) of the First/Aden Governorate being under Prime-Minister of the state supervision.[3]

Numeral Name Approximate Area (km.²) Capital
I 'Adan 6,980 Aden
II Lahij 12,766 Lahij
III Abyan 21,489 Zinjibar
IV Shabwah 73,908 Ataq
V Hadhramawt 155,376 Al Mukalla
VI al-Mahrah 66,350 Al Ghaydah

Economy[edit]

There was little industrial output, or mineral wealth exploitation, in South Yemen, until the mid-1980s, following the discovery of significant petroleum reserves in the central regions near Shibam and Mukalla. The main sources of income were agriculture, mostly fruit, cereal crops, cattle and sheep, fishing and later, oil exports.

The national budget was 13.43 million dinars in 1976, and the gross national product was USD $150 million. The total national debt was $52.4 million.

Airlines[edit]

The following airlines had operated from the PDRY:[4]

Statistics as of 1990[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halliday, Fred, Revolution and Foreign Policy: The Case of South Yemen, 1967-1987, Cambridge University Press, 2002, page 35
  2. ^ Katz, Mark, Civil Conflict in South Yemen, Middle East Review, Fall 1986
  3. ^ Ismael, Tareq Y.; Jacqueline S. Ismael (October 1986). The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen: Politics, Economics, and Society; The Politics of Socialist Transformation. Lynne Rienner Pub. ISBN 0-931477-96-4. 
  4. ^ Airlines - South Yemen
  5. ^ Aden Airways - History
  6. ^ Yemen, CIA World Factbook

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 12°48′N 45°02′E / 12.800°N 45.033°E / 12.800; 45.033

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014