|FIBA zone||FIBA Europe|
|Nickname(s)||La ÑBA, la Roja|
|Medals|| Silver: (1984, 2008, 2012)
|FIBA World Cup|
|Medals|| Gold: (2009, 2011, 2015)
Silver: (1935, 1973, 1983, 1999, 2003, 2007)
Bronze: (1991, 2001, 2013, 2017)
| Spain 33–12 Portugal
(Madrid, Spain; 15 April 1935)
| Spain 118–32 Libya
(Madrid, Spain; 9 May 1963)
| Soviet Union 118–58 Spain
(Essen, West Germany; 12 September 1971)
The Spanish national basketball team is organized and run by the Spanish Basketball Federation. (Spanish: Federación Española de Baloncesto). Their last major title was in 2015, when they won the European championship. They are second in the FIBA World Rankings for men, only behind the United States.
When Spain qualified for the 1936 Summer Olympics, where basketball was part of the games for the first time, expectations were high for the runner-up of the 1935 EuroBasket. Unfortunately, as one of the favorites to win medals, Spain but could not attend the Games because of the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War just days before the start of the Games.
Before the Spanish national team won the gold medal in the 2006 FIBA World Championship (see below), their greatest international success was reaching the final in the 1984 Summer Olympics Basketball Tournament which took place in Los Angeles. The other finalist was the USA national team (led by Patrick Ewing and featuring a young Michael Jordan), which won the final and with it the gold medal. Spain, thus, took the Olympic silver medal.
Continuing the success started at the 2006 FIBA championship, Spain again reached the final at the 2008 Summer Olympics. This proved to be a rematch of the 1984 Olympic final; this time, the USA team was led by Kobe Bryant and nicknamed the "Redeem Team". The Americans won after a remarkably close game 116 to 105. Four years later, in London, USA faced Spain again with a result of 107–100 for the Americans, for the Spanish team to take its third Olympic (and second straight) silver medal.
In the early years of the FIBA World Cup, Spain struggled to establish a steady presence as a competitor. Between 1950 and 1970, the team only qualified once. Then, beginning in 1974 Spain developed into a serious competitor and regularly finished among the tournaments top performers for years to come.
At the 2006 FIBA World Championship, the Spanish team finally achieved the ultimate victory, the greatest success in its history. The date was 3 September 2006, as Spain won the gold medal game against the Greek national team. Held in the Saitama Super Arena in Japan, the game ended with a final score of 70–47. Pau Gasol was named the tournament MVP, and Jorge Garbajosa also made the All-Tournament team. Shortly afterwards, the team were awarded with the 2006 Prince of Asturias Award in Sports.
The first game in the history of the selection was a qualifier for the 1935 EuroBasket, where Spain defeated the team of Portugal by 33–12. This event, which was held in Geneva in the summer of 1935 was the first EuroBasket game in history. Spain finished 2nd and qualified for the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin where basketball was introduced for the first time.
Besides success at the "Big Three" events (Summer Olympic Games, FIBA World Cup, and EuroBasket) Spain has also shown success at the Mediterranean Games, where its selection won three gold medals, four silver and one bronze.
The Spanish national team's medal record through the years:
FIBA World Cup
The following is the Spain roster in the men's basketball tournament of the 2017 EuroBasket.
Spain men's national basketball team – 2017 EuroBasket roster
|Pos.||Starting 5||Bench 1||Bench 2|
|C||Marc Gasol||Willy Hernangómez|
|PF||Pau Gasol||Pierre Oriola|
|SF||Fernando San Emeterio||Juancho Hernangómez|
|SG||Juan Carlos Navarro||Joan Sastre||Álex Abrines|
|PG||Ricky Rubio||Sergio Rodríguez||Guillem Vives|
Most capped players
|1935||Mariano Manent||1935 EuroBasket|
|1950–1951||Mykolas Ruzgys||9th 1950 World Championship|
|1959–1960||Eduardo Kucharski||15th 1959 EuroBasket
14th 1960 Summer Olympics
|1961||Fernando Font||13th 1961 EuroBasket|
|1962–1964||Joaquín Hernández||7th 1963 EuroBasket|
|1965||Pedro Ferrándiz||11th 1965 EuroBasket|
|1965–1992||Antonio Díaz-Miguel||10th 1967 EuroBasket
7th 1968 Summer Olympics
5th 1969 EuroBasket
7th 1971 EuroBasket
11th 1972 Summer Olympics
5th 1974 World Championship
4th 1975 EuroBasket
9th 1977 EuroBasket
6th 1979 EuroBasket
4th 1980 Summer Olympics
4th 1981 EuroBasket
4th 1982 World Championship
1984 Summer Olympics
4th 1985 EuroBasket
5th 1986 World Championship
4th 1987 EuroBasket
8th 1988 Summer Olympics
5th 1989 Eurobasket
10th 1990 World Championship
9th 1992 Summer Olympics
|1993–2000||Lolo Sáinz||5th 1993 EuroBasket
10th 1994 World Championship
6th 1995 EuroBasket
5th 1997 EuroBasket
5th 1998 World Championship
9th 2000 Summer Olympics
|2001–2002||Javier Imbroda|| 2001 EuroBasket
5th 2002 World Championship
|2003||Moncho López||2003 EuroBasket|
|2004–2005||Mario Pesquera||7th 2004 Summer Olympics
4th 2005 EuroBasket
|2006–2007||Pepu Hernández|| 2006 World Championship
|2008||Aíto García Reneses||2008 Summer Olympics|
|2009–2012||Sergio Scariolo|| 2009 EuroBasket
6th 2010 World Championship
2012 Summer Olympics
|2013–2014||Juan Antonio Orenga|| 2013 EuroBasket
5th 2014 World Championship
|2015–||Sergio Scariolo|| 2015 EuroBasket
2016 Summer Olympics
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