||It has been suggested that this article be merged into 111th United States Congress. (Discuss) Proposed since July 2012.|
There were five special elections to the United States Senate; however, all but one will take place on the same date as the 2010 general election.
(links to special
|Reason for vacancy||Appointee||Winner||Term ends|
|Massachusetts||January 19, 2010||Ted Kennedy||Died August 25, 2009||Paul G. Kirk||Scott Brown||January 3, 2013|
|Illinois||November 2, 2010||Barack Obama||Resigned November 16, 2008, to become President of the United States||Roland Burris||Mark Kirk||January 3, 2011|
|Delaware||November 2, 2010||Joe Biden||Resigned January 15, 2009, to become Vice President of the United States||Ted Kaufman||Chris Coons||January 3, 2015|
|New York||November 2, 2010||Hillary Clinton||Resigned January 21, 2009, to become Secretary of State||Kirsten Gillibrand||Kirsten Gillibrand||January 3, 2013|
|West Virginia||November 2, 2010||Robert Byrd||Died June 28, 2010||Carte Goodwin||Joe Manchin||January 3, 2013|
Democratic Senator Ted Kennedy died August 25, 2009. A special election was held to choose someone to serve the remainder of the term through January 2013. On September 24, 2009, Paul G. Kirk, former Democratic National Committee chairman and aide to Ted Kennedy, was appointed to occupy Kennedy's Senate seat on an interim basis until the special election process is completed. Kirk was sworn in on September 25, 2009, to serve as a "caretaker" until the January 2010 special election, in which he was a candidate.
A party primary was held December 8, 2009. Massachusetts Attorney General Martha Coakley beat three other Democrats for her party's nomination. She lost the January 19, 2010 general election to Republican Scott Brown.
There were five special elections in 2009 to fill vacant seats in the United States House of Representatives, and there will be at least four in 2010. As of February 9, 2010[update], one seat has switched parties, from Republican to Democratic, as the result of a special election.
(links to special
|Prior incumbent||Reason for vacancy||Winner|
|New York 20th||March 31, 2009||Kirsten Gillibrand (D)||Resigned January 26, 2009, to accept appointment as United States Senator to replace Hillary Clinton||Scott Murphy (D)|
|Illinois 5th||April 7, 2009||Rahm Emanuel (D)||Resigned before the 111th Congress to become Barack Obama's White House Chief of Staff||Michael Quigley (D)|
|California 32nd||July 14, 2009||Hilda Solis (D)||Resigned February 24, 2009, to become Secretary of Labor||Judy Chu (D)|
|California 10th||November 3, 2009||Ellen Tauscher (D)||Resigned June 26, 2009, to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs||John Garamendi (D)|
|New York 23rd||November 3, 2009||John M. McHugh (R)||Resigned September 21, 2009, to become Secretary of the Army||Bill Owens (D)|
|Florida 19th||April 13, 2010||Robert Wexler (D)||Resigned on January 3, 2010, to become president of the Center for Middle East Peace & Economic Cooperation||Ted Deutch (D)|
|Pennsylvania 12th||May 18, 2010||John Murtha (D)||Died February 8, 2010||Mark Critz (D)|
|Hawaii 1st||May 22, 2010||Neil Abercrombie (D)||Resigned effective February 26, 2010, to campaign for Governor of Hawaii||Charles Djou (R)|
|Georgia 9th||June 8, 2010
|Nathan Deal (R)||Resigned effective March 21, 2010 to campaign for Governor of Georgia.||Tom Graves (R)|
|New York 29th||November 2, 2010||Eric Massa (D)||Resigned effective March 8, 2010||Tom Reed (R)|
|Indiana 3rd||November 2, 2010||Mark Souder (R)||Resigned effective May 21, 2010||Marlin Stutzman (R)|
On June 26, 2009, Democrat Ellen Tauscher resigned to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. Democrat John Garamendi held the seat for the Democrats on November 3, 2009, defeating Republican David Harmer.
On January 3, 2010, Democrat Robert Wexler resigned to become president of the Center for Middle East Peace & Economic Cooperation. Ted Deutch, a Democrat, defeated Republican Ed Lynch in the April 13, 2010 special election.
|This section is outdated. (July 2012)|
Republican Nathan Deal resigned March 31, 2010 to concentrate on the 2010 election for Governor of Georgia. Initially, he stated he would resign effective March 8, 2010, but he then announced he would wait until after a vote was held on health care reform legislation. Deal resigned minutes after the vote, and a special election was held to replace him on May 11, 2010, but since no candidate won a majority, a runoff was held on June 8.
On January 2, 2009, Democrat Rahm Emanuel resigned one day before the end of the previous Congress after being named White House Chief of Staff. Democrat Michael Quigley won the election April 7, 2009 election to replace him, handily defeating Republican Rosanna Pulido with better than a two-to-one share of the vote.
On January 26, 2009, Democrat Kirsten Gillibrand resigned when appointed to fill Hillary Clinton's U.S. Senate seat. Scott Murphy, a fellow Democrat, won the election held March 31, 2009, defeating Republican Jim Tedisco by fewer than 700 votes. Because of the slim margin, Tedisco did not concede the race until more than three weeks later, when overseas ballots had been counted.
On September 21, 2009, Republican John M. McHugh resigned to become United States Secretary of the Army. On November 3, 2009, Democrat Bill Owens defeated Conservative Doug Hoffman and Republican Dede Scozzafava in a race that garnered considerable press attention. Days before the election, Scozzafava dropped out of the race, then endorsed the Owens, the Democrat.
Democrat Eric Massa announced his resignation effective March 8, 2010, citing a recurrence of cancer and a pending investigation before the House Ethics Committee. The special election will be held on the same date as the general election, November 2, 2010.
On May 21, 2010, Republican Mark Souder resigned after revealing an extra-marital affair. The special election will be held on November 2, 2010, concurrent with the general election for the same seat with the same candidates.[dated info]
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