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TOP 5 FILM SPLATTER
TOP 5 FILM SPLATTER
::2011/05/24::
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Splatter all
Splatter all'italiana
::2012/02/28::
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Scene tratte dal primo film splatter "Blood feast"
Scene tratte dal primo film splatter "Blood feast"
::2012/10/02::
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Frontiers - scena splatter con la sega da banco
Frontiers - scena splatter con la sega da banco
::2011/10/04::
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Top Splatter Movies
Top Splatter Movies
::2011/11/29::
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Adam Chaplin (extreme splatter movie) [2011] - Unrated Trailer [HD]
Adam Chaplin (extreme splatter movie) [2011] - Unrated Trailer [HD]
::2011/11/25::
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Splatter Movies Compilation.
Splatter Movies Compilation.
::2012/05/16::
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8
"Dead & Breakfast" [Splatter film review]
"Dead & Breakfast" [Splatter film review]
::2013/12/16::
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9
学生残酷映画祭2013予告 Student Splatter Film Festival 2013 Trailer
学生残酷映画祭2013予告 Student Splatter Film Festival 2013 Trailer
::2013/11/27::
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10
"Black Past" [Ultra-Violent SOV German Splatter Film Review]
"Black Past" [Ultra-Violent SOV German Splatter Film Review]
::2014/07/12::
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Paranormal Demons - Found Footage meets Splatter Film - Startnext crowdfunding video
Paranormal Demons - Found Footage meets Splatter Film - Startnext crowdfunding video
::2014/05/27::
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"The Taint" [Troma Comedy Splatter film review]
"The Taint" [Troma Comedy Splatter film review]
::2014/01/12::
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"The Beyond" [Fulci Zombie splatter film review]
"The Beyond" [Fulci Zombie splatter film review]
::2014/04/09::
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"Color Me Blood Red" [Cult splatter film review]
"Color Me Blood Red" [Cult splatter film review]
::2013/12/28::
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"Zombie Holocaust" [
"Zombie Holocaust" ['Cannibal Holocaust' meets 'Zombi 2' splatter film review]
::2014/07/09::
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Der Hausmann: Ein Splatter Film
Der Hausmann: Ein Splatter Film
::2010/07/03::
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"Vampire Girl VS Frankenstein Girl" [Japanese splatter film review]
"Vampire Girl VS Frankenstein Girl" [Japanese splatter film review]
::2014/01/11::
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"Violent Shit 4.0 Karl the Butcher VS.  Axe" [German splatter film review]
"Violent Shit 4.0 Karl the Butcher VS. Axe" [German splatter film review]
::2014/04/27::
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"Tokyo Gore Police" [Sexy Japanese chick splatter film review]
"Tokyo Gore Police" [Sexy Japanese chick splatter film review]
::2014/05/10::
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Forbes Riley stars in Splatter University - the Cult Movie Hit!
Forbes Riley stars in Splatter University - the Cult Movie Hit!
::2013/07/06::
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Massaquerade - Short Splatter Film
Massaquerade - Short Splatter Film
::2013/07/07::
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Splatter film trailer mix
Splatter film trailer mix
::2013/10/25::
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Film Riot - Head Shot, Blood Splatter, Muzzle Flash, and New York in June
Film Riot - Head Shot, Blood Splatter, Muzzle Flash, and New York in June
::2009/07/20::
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Dokuro-chan Splatter Film
Dokuro-chan Splatter Film
::2006/07/18::
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"The Machine Girl" [Machine gun armed school girl splatter film review]
"The Machine Girl" [Machine gun armed school girl splatter film review]
::2014/07/21::
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SPLATTER Film in der KÜCHE HD
SPLATTER Film in der KÜCHE HD
::2011/10/07::
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"The Wizard of Gore" [Killer Magician splatter film review]
"The Wizard of Gore" [Killer Magician splatter film review]
::2014/06/23::
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"Two Thousand Maniacs!" [Another Classic Splatter film review]
"Two Thousand Maniacs!" [Another Classic Splatter film review]
::2013/12/26::
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+ + + DIE 5 BESTEN SPLATTER FILME ALLERZEITEN + + + In HD
+ + + DIE 5 BESTEN SPLATTER FILME ALLERZEITEN + + + In HD
::2013/01/19::
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Blood Splatter, Shotguns & Air Compressors. It
Blood Splatter, Shotguns & Air Compressors. It's Bloodtober! - FilmRiot
::2011/10/24::
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"Suicide Club" [Japanese Splatter film Review]
"Suicide Club" [Japanese Splatter film Review]
::2013/12/06::
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I [Heart] Female Revenge Grindhouse Splatter Films
I [Heart] Female Revenge Grindhouse Splatter Films
::2012/01/10::
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Credits Design_Monty Python Style_Filmtitel: Kaltes FLeisch_Genre Splatter Film
Credits Design_Monty Python Style_Filmtitel: Kaltes FLeisch_Genre Splatter Film
::2011/11/09::
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"The New York Ripper" [Banned Fulci Slasher Splatter film review]
"The New York Ripper" [Banned Fulci Slasher Splatter film review]
::2014/08/24::
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"Demons 2" [Demon splatter film review]
"Demons 2" [Demon splatter film review]
::2014/07/29::
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Splatter film
Splatter film
::2013/06/13::
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History of Splatter
History of Splatter
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Mactator - The Slaughterer - Terror Trailer Video-DSLR Gore Splatter Torture Horror
Mactator - The Slaughterer - Terror Trailer Video-DSLR Gore Splatter Torture Horror
::2010/10/23::
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[HD] TOP 10 Horror + Splatter Movies!
[HD] TOP 10 Horror + Splatter Movies!
::2012/05/31::
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TOP 11 FILM SPLATTER DA VEDERE.wmv
TOP 11 FILM SPLATTER DA VEDERE.wmv
::2011/05/18::
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Short Zombie Film Bad Memory | Splatter | Blood | ENG. Sub
Short Zombie Film Bad Memory | Splatter | Blood | ENG. Sub
::2014/01/23::
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-the best splatter\gore scenes- SPLATTERLAND (a tutto horror episodio 10,speciale) HD
-the best splatter\gore scenes- SPLATTERLAND (a tutto horror episodio 10,speciale) HD
::2013/04/26::
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ADAM CHAPLIN - Best Splatter Gore Scene Film ITA 2011
ADAM CHAPLIN - Best Splatter Gore Scene Film ITA 2011
::2014/06/07::
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Panda gang war......what a splatter film!
Panda gang war......what a splatter film!
::2010/10/14::
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Splatter movie: Deel 2
Splatter movie: Deel 2
::2012/03/17::
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Top 10 Splatter Films
Top 10 Splatter Films
::2013/09/06::
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SPLATTER MOVIE: THE DIRECTOR
SPLATTER MOVIE: THE DIRECTOR'S CUT - official trailer
::2008/03/24::
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LA SCENA  PIù SPLATTER DI SEMPRE!!!!
LA SCENA PIù SPLATTER DI SEMPRE!!!!
::2012/01/29::
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"100 Tears" [NC-17 Clown Splatter/Slasher film reivew]
"100 Tears" [NC-17 Clown Splatter/Slasher film reivew]
::2014/07/25::
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INBRED Trailer #2 (2012) - Horror Movie / Splatter
INBRED Trailer #2 (2012) - Horror Movie / Splatter
::2014/02/01::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the film titled Splatter, see Splatter (film).
Poster art for Blood Feast, considered the first splatter film

A splatter film or gore film is a subgenre of horror film that deliberately focuses on graphic portrayals of gore and graphic violence. These films, through the use of special effects, tend to display an overt interest in the vulnerability of the human body and the theatricality of its mutilation. The term "splatter cinema" was coined by George A. Romero to describe his film Dawn of the Dead, though Dawn of the Dead is generally considered by critics to have higher aspirations, such as social commentary, than to be simply exploitative for its own sake.[1]

The combination of graphic violence and sexually suggestive imagery in some films has been labeled "torture porn" or "gorno" (a portmanteau of "gore" and "porno").[2] By contrast, films such as Braindead, and to some extent Dawn of the Dead, both of which feature over-the-top gore, can be construed as comedic, and fall into the category of splatstick.

Characteristics[edit]

Splatter films, according to film critic Michael Arnzen, "self-consciously revel in the special effects of gore as an artform."[3] Where typical horror films deal with such fears as that of the unknown, the supernatural and the dark, the impetus for fear in a splatter film comes from physical destruction of the body and the pain accompanying it. There is also an emphasis on visuals, style and technique, including hyperactive camerawork. Where most horror films have a tendency to re-establish the social and moral order with good triumphing over evil, splatter films thrive on a lack of plot and order. Arnzen argues that "the spectacle of violence replaces any pretentions to narrative structure, because gore is the only part of the film that is reliably consistent."[3] These films also feature fragmented narratives and direction, including "manic montages full of subject camera movement...cross-cuttings from hunted to hunter, and ominous juxtapositions and contrasts."[3]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The splatter film has its aesthetic roots in French Grand Guignol theatre, which endeavored to stage realistic scenes of blood and carnage for its patrons. In 1908, Grand Guignol made its first appearance in England, although the gore was downplayed in favor of a more Gothic tone, owing to the greater censorship of the arts in Great Britain.[1]

The first appearance of gore—the realistic mutilation of the human body—in cinema can be traced to D. W. Griffith's Intolerance (1916), which features numerous Guignol-esque touches, including two onscreen decapitations, and a scene in which a spear is slowly driven through a soldier's naked abdomen as blood wells from the wound. Several of Griffith's subsequent films, and those of his contemporary Cecil B. DeMille, featured similarly realistic carnage.

Modern era[edit]

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the public was reintroduced to splatter themes and motifs by groundbreaking films such as Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960) and the output of Hammer Film Productions (an artistic outgrowth of the English Grand Guignol style) such as The Curse of Frankenstein (1957) and The Horror of Dracula (1958). Perhaps the most explicitly violent film of this era was Nobuo Nakagawa's Jigoku (1960), which included numerous scenes of flaying and dismemberment in its depiction of the Buddhist underworld.

Splatter came into its own as a distinct subgenre of horror in the early 1960s with the films of Herschell Gordon Lewis in the United States. Eager to maintain a profitable niche, Lewis turned to something that mainstream cinema still rarely featured: scenes of visceral, explicit gore. In 1963, he directed Blood Feast, widely considered the first splatter film.[4] In the 15 years following its release, Blood Feast took in an estimated $7 million. It was made for an estimated $24,500.[5] Blood Feast was followed by two more gore films by Herschell Gordon Lewis, Two Thousand Maniacs! (1964) and Color Me Blood Red (1965).

The popularity of the splatter film in the 1970s was met with strong reactions in the US and the UK; Roger Ebert in the U.S. and Member of Parliament Graham Bright in the U.K. led the charge to censor splatter films on home video with the film critic going after I Spit on Your Grave while the politician sponsored the Video Recordings Act, a system of censorship and certification for home video in the UK.[6] This resulted in the outright banning of many splatter films, which were deemed "video nasties" in the British press.

Some splatter directors have gone on to produce mainstream hits. Peter Jackson started his career in New Zealand by directing the splatter movies Bad Taste (1987) and Braindead (1992). These films featured such over-the-top gore that it became a comedic device. These comedic gore films have been dubbed "splatstick", defined as physical comedy that involves evisceration. Splatstick seems to be more common in Japan, with the examples of "Robogeisha", "Tokyo Gore Police" and "Machine Girl" [1]

The 1980 mockumentary Cannibal Holocaust influenced The Blair Witch Project

Splatter films have influenced cinema in certain ways. For example, the popular 1999 film The Blair Witch Project is similar to the 1980 film Cannibal Holocaust.[7] The story in Cannibal Holocaust is told through footage from a group of people making a documentary about a portion of the Amazon which is said to be populated by cannibals. This "mockumentary" format was later used in Blair Witch.

Resurgence[edit]

Bijou Phillips in Eli Roth's 2007 film Hostel: Part II, portraying a woman being tortured.

In the 2000s – particularly between 2003-2009 – a body of films were produced that combined elements of the splatter genre and the slasher film.[8]

These films were dubbed “torture porn” by critics and detractors, most notably by David Edelstein[9] who is thought to have coined the term.[8] Like their splatter forerunners, “torture porn” films reputedly place emphasis on depictions of violence, nudity, torture, mutilation and sadism. Also like splatter films, the extent to which torture porn lived up to its sensational reputation has been disputed.[10]

Filmmaker Eli Roth's Hostel (2005), released in January 2006, was the first to be called "torture porn" by critic David Edelstein, but the classification has since been applied to Saw (2004) and its sequels (though its creators disagree with the classification),[11] The Devil's Rejects (2005), Wolf Creek (2005), and the earlier films Baise-moi (2000) and Ichi the Killer (2001).[9][12][13] A difference between this group of films and earlier splatter films is that they are often mainstream Hollywood films that receive a wide release and have comparatively high production values.[12]

The torture porn subgenre has proven to be very profitable: Saw, made for $1.2 million, grossed over $100 million worldwide, while Hostel, which cost less than $5 million to produce, grossed over $80 million.[14] Lionsgate, the studio behind the films, made considerable gains in its stock price from the box office showing.[15] The financial success led the way for the release of similar films: Turistas in 2006, Hostel: Part II, Borderland, and Captivity, starring Elisha Cuthbert and Pruitt Taylor Vince, in 2007.[14][16] Indeed, in 2009 the Saw series became the most profitable horror film franchise of all-time.[17]

Despite these financial successes, “torture porn” is perceived as a pejorative label by many press critics, filmmakers and fans.[8] “Torture porn’s” pejorative connotations were anchored by high-profile salacious advertising campaigns; billboards and posters used in the marketing of Hostel: Part II[18] and Captivity drew criticism for their graphic imagery, causing them to be taken down in many locations.[19] Director Eli Roth sought to defend the subgenre, claiming that critics’ uses of “torture porn” "genuinely says more about the critic's limited understanding of what horror movies can do than about the film itself",[20] and that "they're out of touch."[21] Horror author Stephen King defended Hostel: Part II and torture porn stating, "sure it makes you uncomfortable, but good art should make you uncomfortable."[22] Influential director George A. Romero stated, "I don't get the torture porn films [...] they're lacking metaphor."[23]

The success of torture porn, and its boom during the mid to late 2000s, led to a cross over into genres other than horror. This became evident with the release of many crime thrillers, particularly the 2007 film I Know Who Killed Me starring Lindsay Lohan, and the 2008 film Untraceable, starring Diane Lane and Billy Burke.[24] The British film WΔZ, starring Stellan Skarsgård and Selma Blair,[25] and its US counterpart Scar, starring Angela Bettis and Ben Cotton continued to facilitate this hybrid form of torture porn, which was also to a lesser degree, evident in films such as Rendition (2007) starring Jake Gyllenhaal, and Unthinkable (2010) starring Samuel L. Jackson.[26]

In the mid-2000s, torture porn was given a major boost within the horror industry by a new wave of French films—commonly referred to as the New French Extremity—which became internationally known for their extremely brutal nature: Martyrs (2008), directed by Pascal Laugier,[27] Frontier(s) (2007), directed by Xavier Gens,[28] and Inside (2007), directed by Alexandre Bustillo and Julien Maury.[14][29] Rapper Eminem explored the genre in his music video for the single "3 a.m." that year.[30] Danish filmmaker Lars von Trier's Antichrist, starring Willem Dafoe and Charlotte Gainsbourg, was labeled torture porn by critics when it premiered at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival due to scenes of extreme violence, graphic sex, and genital self-mutilation.[31][32]

By 2009, the box office draw of torture porn films had mostly been replaced in the U.S. by the profitable trend of remaking or rebooting earlier horror films from decades past with the modernization of such notable titles as: Dawn of the Dead (2004), The Amityville Horror (2005), House of Wax (2005), Black Christmas (2006), Halloween (2007), My Bloody Valentine 3D (2009), Friday the 13th (2009), The Wolfman (2010), The Crazies (2010) and A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010).[33] A number of these remakes, such as The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003), Funny Games (2008), The Hills Have Eyes (2006), The Last House on the Left (2009), and I Spit on Your Grave (2010) were referred to as “torture porn” in press reviews.[34][35][36][37][38]

At the close of the decade, The Human Centipede (First Sequence) (2010) and A Serbian Film (2010) were among the most notable torture porn releases: although not as financially successful as Saw or Hostel,[39] The Human Centipede II (Full Sequence) and A Serbian Film gained attention in the press for their graphic depictions of forced fecal consumption and necrophilia,[40][41] and both films were censored in order to attain release in the UK.[42][43] Other torture porn films such as Grotesque and The Bunny Game were banned outright by the BBFC.[44][45]

Subsequently, torture porn has increasingly become a DVD-oriented subgenre. For example, Hostel Part III (2011) was released direct-to-DVD, unlike the previous films in the series. The film received less negative attention in the press as a result of its lower-profile release.[8] Other recent torture porn films include Would You Rather (2012), Shiver (2012) and The Collection (2012). Although fewer high-profile cinematic torture porn films are being released, these films indicate that the subgenre has not died out entirely (as some journalists have proposed).[46]

Some scholars have published analyses of torture porn films. For example, a book chronicling the torture porn phenomenon and the surrounding controversy - Steve Jones' Torture Porn: Popular Horror after Saw[8] - was published in 2013.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McCarty, John (1984). Splatter Movies: Breaking the Last Taboo of the Screen. New York City, New York: St. Martin's Press. 
  2. ^ Boucher, Geoff (3 June 2007). "A queasy-does-it guy". latimes.com. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Arnzen, Michael (1994). "Who's Laughing Now?...The Postmodern Splatter Film". Journal of Popular Film and Television. 
  4. ^ Bankard, Bob. "Making 'Blood Feast'". Philly Burbs. 
  5. ^ Briggs, Joe Bob (28 June 2003). Profoundly Disturbing: Shocking Movies That Changed History. Universe Publishing. 
  6. ^ Newman, Kim (2011). Nightmare Movies. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. , p.276
  7. ^ Deodato, Ruggero. Interview with Sage Stallone; Bob Murawski. "Cult-Con 2000", Cannibal Holocaust DVD commentary, Tarrytown, New York. 12 November 2000.
  8. ^ a b c d e Jones, Steve (2013) Torture Porn: Popular Horror after Saw (Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan), pp.2-3, 18-22
  9. ^ a b Edelstein, David (February 6, 2006). "Now Playing at Your Local Multiplex: Torture Porn". New York Magazine. Retrieved on June 11, 2007.
  10. ^ Jones, Steve (2013) “The Lexicon of Offense: The Meanings of Torture, Porn and ‘Torture Porn’”, in Feona Attwood et al. (eds.) Controversial Images: Media Representations on the Edge (Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan).
  11. ^ Warner, Kara. "Saw IV Press Conference". UGO.com.
  12. ^ a b Skenazy, Lenore (May 28, 2007). "It's Torture! It's Porn! What's Not to Like? Plenty, Actually". Advertising Age.
  13. ^ May 3, 2007. "Is there a link between 'torture porn' and real sexual violence?". The Guardian. Retrieved on June 11, 2007.
  14. ^ a b c Murray, Steve (June 7, 2007). "'Horror porn' a bloody success". Associated Press. Retrieved on June 11, 2007.
  15. ^ La Monica, Paul R. (June 8, 2007). "'Torture porn' helps Lionsgate roar". Retrieved on June 14, 2007.
  16. ^ Kinsella, Warren (June 7, 2007). "Torture porn's dark waters". National Post. Retrieved on June 11, 2007.
  17. ^ Lariam Peter (October 24, 2008) "'Saw' May Become Best Horror Franchise Ever". New York Post. Retrieved on June 4, 2009.
  18. ^ The Problem with Torture Porn
  19. ^ May 1, 2007. "For your entertainment". The Guardian. Retrieved on June 11, 2007.
  20. ^ June 3, 2007. "Capone and Eli Roth discuss horror movies, gore, Stephen King, the phrase "Torture Porn" and much more!!!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved on June 11, 2007.
  21. ^ Horowitz, Josh (March 28, 2007) "'Hostel' Helmer Eli Roth Says Horror Should Have No Limits: 'It's All Fake'". MTV. Retrieved on June 11, 2007.
  22. ^ Olsen, Marc. "Stephen King on the artistic merits of torture porn". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on July 14, 2007.[dead link]
  23. ^ Onstad, Katrina (February 10, 2008). "Horror Auteur Is Unfinished With the Undead". The New York Times. Retrieved on February 15, 2008.
  24. ^ Corliss, Richard (January 25, 2008). "Hiding from Untraceable". Time. Retrieved on February 15, 2008.
  25. ^ Evans, Mark (August 30, 2008). "Crime W Delta Z / The Killing Gene". Evening Herald. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  26. ^ French, Philip. "Scar 3D Cert 18" (review), The Observer, 9 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008
  27. ^ Pasche, Alexandre (30 August 2008). "Martyrs : quelles limites pour le torture porn à la française ?". Rue 89. Retrieved on September 12, 2008.
  28. ^ Gonzalez, Ed (May 8, 2008). "Frontier(s)". Slant Magazine. Retrieved on April 21, 2010.
  29. ^ Ogden, Brianne (February 18, 2008). "Torture porn says something about society". The Roanoke Times. Retrieved on February 18, 2008.
  30. ^ Graham, Mark (April 30, 2009). "Eminem Resurrects Torture Porn for '3 A.M.' Video". New York Magazine. Retrieved on June 4, 2009.
  31. ^ Singh, Anita (May 18, 2009). "Cannes Film Festival 2009 : Lars Von Trier's 'torture porn' film Antichrist shocks". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on June 4, 2009.
  32. ^ Ordoña, Michael (August 1, 2009). "The Collector". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on August 1, 2009.
  33. ^ Bowles, Scott (February 13, 2009), "Classic horror films come back to life, profitably". USA Today. Retrieved on June 4, 2009.
  34. ^ Fletcher, Phoebe (2009) ‘Apocalyptic Machines: Terror and Anti-Production in the Post-9/11 Splatter Film’, in Leanne Franklin and Ravenel Richardson (eds) The Many Forms of Fear, Horror and Terror (Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press).
  35. ^ Schneller, Johanna (2008) ‘The Torture Merchants’ Not-so-Funny Game’, The Globe and Mail, March 22.
  36. ^ Hulse, Ed (2007) ‘Directing New Brands of Horror’, Video Business, March 12.
  37. ^ Puig, Claudia (2009) ‘“Last House” is Condemnable’, USA Today, March 13.
  38. ^ Phelan, Laurence ‘New Films’, The Independent, January 22.
  39. ^ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/genres/chart/?id=horrortorture.htm Retrieved on September 28, 2013.
  40. ^ Sobolewski, Helene (2011) “Depraved Horror Movie Banned” The Advertiser (Australia) December 2.
  41. ^ Kermode, Mark (2010) “A Confederacy Of Dunces: Jonah Hex's Mix Of The Civil War And Comic Book Is Plain Confusing”, The Observer (England), December 26.
  42. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/releases/srpski-film-serbian-film-2010. Retrieved on September 28, 2013.
  43. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/releases/human-centipede-ii-full-sequence-2011. Retrieved on September 28, 2013.
  44. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/releases/grotesque-1970-4. Retrieved on September 28, 2013.
  45. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/releases/bunny-game-1970 Retrieved on September 28, 2013.
  46. ^ Barnes, Brookes (2009) ‘Audiences Laughed to Forget Troubles’, The New York Times, December 30.
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