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The Evolution of Spy Satellites
The Evolution of Spy Satellites
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: SciShow Space
Discovery Channel Spies Above Documentary Narrated by Gillian Anderson (1996)
Discovery Channel Spies Above Documentary Narrated by Gillian Anderson (1996)
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: Mike Welch
The Man Who Hunts Spy Satellites
The Man Who Hunts Spy Satellites
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: VICE
China
China's Spy satellite real-time surveillance video...JILIN-1
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Yang
Atlas V Rocket blasts off from California with U.S. Spy Satellite
Atlas V Rocket blasts off from California with U.S. Spy Satellite
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Spaceflight101
Development of CORONA, The World
Development of CORONA, The World's First Reconnaissance Satellite
Published: 2014/04/15
Channel: The Black Vault
SpaceX partners with Pentagon, launches spy satellite
SpaceX partners with Pentagon, launches spy satellite
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: RT America
Just Declassified: Spy Satellite KH-9 Hexagon
Just Declassified: Spy Satellite KH-9 Hexagon
Published: 2011/09/19
Channel: VideoFromSpace
USA - USSR: Reconnaissance satellite
USA - USSR: Reconnaissance satellite
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: SOVIET SPACE PROGRAM (Космическая программа СССР)
Spy Satellite Launched Atop Atlas V Rocket
Spy Satellite Launched Atop Atlas V Rocket
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: VideoFromSpace
Space Spies - documentary film - sa prevodom
Space Spies - documentary film - sa prevodom
Published: 2014/09/06
Channel: Balkanolog
Secret Satellite -- Засекреченный спутник [СУБТИТРЫ]
Secret Satellite -- Засекреченный спутник [СУБТИТРЫ]
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: Babaj Aga
HEXAGON -  Sentinel of Liberty
HEXAGON - Sentinel of Liberty
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: KriTic@L
Israel Launches OFEQ 10 Spy Satellite
Israel Launches OFEQ 10 Spy Satellite
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: defenseupdate
US just launched secret next-gen spy satellite
US just launched secret next-gen spy satellite
Published: 2014/04/16
Channel: RT America
U.S. military
U.S. military's real-time Google Street View- Airborne spy camera can track an entire city in 1800MP
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Dinopop1983
First Spy Satellites: "Corona Project Overview" 1995 National Reconnaissance Office
First Spy Satellites: "Corona Project Overview" 1995 National Reconnaissance Office
Published: 2011/12/30
Channel: Jeff Quitney
ALERT! US Spy Satellites Detect "North Korea is Preparing for a Submarine Missile Launch"
ALERT! US Spy Satellites Detect "North Korea is Preparing for a Submarine Missile Launch"
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Armed Forces
Actual Footage Of US Destroying Its Spy Satellite
Actual Footage Of US Destroying Its Spy Satellite
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: The Joint Forces Channel
India
India's spy satellite advanced Reconnaissance satellite officially declared, DRDO
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: All In One A-1
AGI STK Reconnaissance Satellite
AGI STK Reconnaissance Satellite
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Álvaro Romero
U.S. spy satellite launched into space
U.S. spy satellite launched into space
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: CNN
Delta IV Heavy blasts off with massive Spy Satellite
Delta IV Heavy blasts off with massive Spy Satellite
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: Spaceflight101
Space Wars! Russia Busts Satellite
Space Wars! Russia Busts Satellite 'Spy Ring' That Looks Like Space Junk
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: DAHBOO777
Classified U.S. spy satellite launched from California
Classified U.S. spy satellite launched from California
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: WION
Satellite Reconnaissance: Secret Eyes in Space
Satellite Reconnaissance: Secret Eyes in Space
Published: 2011/04/03
Channel: tmk8118
Reconnaissance satellites now on display!
Reconnaissance satellites now on display!
Published: 2012/02/29
Channel: National Museum of the U.S. Air Force
SpaceX launches top-secret spy satellite for US government
SpaceX launches top-secret spy satellite for US government
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: FOX 4 Now
Spy in the Sky - The KH-9 Hexagon
Spy in the Sky - The KH-9 Hexagon
Published: 2014/05/30
Channel: IntlSpyMuseum
NOVA | NOVA Short | Inside a Soviet Spy Station
NOVA | NOVA Short | Inside a Soviet Spy Station
Published: 2008/02/11
Channel: NOVA PBS Official
High Resolution Spy Satellite capable of viewing Pakistan area to be launched tomorrow
High Resolution Spy Satellite capable of viewing Pakistan area to be launched tomorrow
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Defence Tube
The CIA
The CIA's First Spy Satellite (720p)
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: DOCUMENTARY TUBE
Kerbal Space Program - Spy Satellite & ASAT Demonstration
Kerbal Space Program - Spy Satellite & ASAT Demonstration
Published: 2013/01/18
Channel: Scott Manley
Just Declassified: Spy Satellite Gambit
Just Declassified: Spy Satellite Gambit
Published: 2011/09/20
Channel: VideoFromSpace
Secret Mission To Launch A Spy Satellite in Kerbal Space Program
Secret Mission To Launch A Spy Satellite in Kerbal Space Program
Published: 2012/11/25
Channel: Scott Manley
Launch of Israel
Launch of Israel's Ofek-11 reconnaissance satellite
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Judah Ari Gross
Delta IV Heavy blasts off with NROL-65 reconnaissance satellite
Delta IV Heavy blasts off with NROL-65 reconnaissance satellite
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: Network World
Eye in the sky: Isro to launch new spy satellite in Cartosat-2 series in June
Eye in the sky: Isro to launch new spy satellite in Cartosat-2 series in June
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: NEWS OF INDIA
israeli tecsar reconnaissance satellite launched
israeli tecsar reconnaissance satellite launched
Published: 2008/01/24
Channel: Media Monarchy
Liftoff! Delta IV Heavy Rocket Launches Spy Satellite | Video
Liftoff! Delta IV Heavy Rocket Launches Spy Satellite | Video
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: VideoFromSpace
Israeli Reconnaissance Satellite Launched
Israeli Reconnaissance Satellite Launched
Published: 2008/02/03
Channel: infolivetvenglish
Indian Spy Satellite - Risat -2
Indian Spy Satellite - Risat -2
Published: 2010/06/20
Channel: youmazdatube
Iran Successfully Launches New Spy Satellite Into Orbit
Iran Successfully Launches New Spy Satellite Into Orbit
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: Rumoaohepta7
The Last Bucket Catch
The Last Bucket Catch
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: National Reconnaissance Office
SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launches Spy Satellite for Secretive NRO
SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launches Spy Satellite for Secretive NRO
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: DAHBOO77
A SpaceX Falcon 9 Launches Classified Reconnaissance Satellite
A SpaceX Falcon 9 Launches Classified Reconnaissance Satellite
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Waspie_Dwarf
Declassified: The NRO
Declassified: The NRO's Abandoned Plans for Manned Spy Satellite
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: SpaceNewsInc
The Changing Face of Mars: Images from the Reconnaissance Satellite show Water and Vegetation
The Changing Face of Mars: Images from the Reconnaissance Satellite show Water and Vegetation
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: LiteMike H
Near Miss - Dead Russian Spy Satellite Forces NASA Probe Move | Video
Near Miss - Dead Russian Spy Satellite Forces NASA Probe Move | Video
Published: 2013/05/01
Channel: VideoFromSpace
SpaceX launches secretive spy satellite
SpaceX launches secretive spy satellite
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: CNNMoney
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Spy satellite)
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The complete list of U.S. Reconnaissance Satellite from 1960 to current days
Aerial view of Osama bin Laden's compound in the Pakistani city of Abbottabad made by the CIA.
KH-4B Corona satellite
U.S. Lacrosse radar spy satellite under construction
A model of a German SAR-Lupe reconnaissance satellite inside a Cosmos-3M rocket.
Microwave interception (Rhyolite)

A reconnaissance satellite (commonly, although unofficially, referred to as a spy satellite) is an Earth observation satellite or communications satellite deployed for military or intelligence applications.

The first generation type (i.e., Corona [1] [2] and Zenit) took photographs, then ejected canisters of photographic film which would descend to earth. Corona capsules were retrieved in mid-air as they floated down on parachutes. Later, spacecraft had digital imaging systems and downloaded the images via encrypted radio links.

In the United States, most information available is on programs that existed up to 1972, as this information has been declassified due to its age. Some information about programs prior to that time is still classified, and a small amount of information is available on subsequent missions.

A few up-to-date reconnaissance satellite images have been declassified on occasion, or leaked, as in the case of KH-11 photographs which were sent to Jane's Defence Weekly in 1984.[3]

History[edit]

On 16 March 1955, the United States Air Force officially ordered the development of an advanced reconnaissance satellite to provide continuous surveillance of "preselected areas of the Earth" in order "to determine the status of a potential enemy’s war-making capability".[4]

Types[edit]

There are several major types of reconnaissance satellite.[5]

Missile Early warning
Provides warning of an attack by detecting ballistic missile launches. Earliest known are Missile Defense Alarm System.
Nuclear explosion detection
Identifies and characterizes nuclear explosions in space. Vela (satellite) is the earliest known.
Photo surveillance
Provides imaging of earth from space. Images can be a survey or close-look telephoto. Corona (satellite) is the earliest known. Spectral imaging is commonplace.
Electronic-reconnaissance
Signals intelligence, intercepts stray radio waves. Samos-F is the earliest known.
Radar imaging
Most space-based radars use synthetic aperture radar. Can be used at night or through cloud cover. Earliest known are the Soviet US-A series.

Missions[edit]

Examples of reconnaissance satellite missions:

On 28 August 2013, it was thought that "a $1-billion high-powered spy satellite capable of snapping pictures detailed enough to distinguish the make and model of an automobile hundreds of miles below"[6] was launched from California's Vandenberg Air Force Base using a Delta IV Heavy launcher, America's highest-payload space launch vehicle.

On 17 February 2014, a Russian Kosmos-1220 originally launched in 1980 and used for naval missile targeting until 1982, made an uncontrolled atmospheric entry.[7]

Benefits[edit]

Reconnaissance satellites have been used to enforce human rights, through the Satellite Sentinel Project, which monitors atrocities in Sudan and South Sudan.

During his 1980 State of the Union Address, President Jimmy Carter explained how all of humanity benefited from the presence of American spy satellites:

...photo-reconnaissance satellites, for example, are enormously important in stabilizing world affairs and thereby make a significant contribution to the security of all nations.[8]

Additionally, companies such as GeoEye and DigitalGlobe have provided commercial satellite imagery in support of natural disaster response and humanitarian missions.[9]

During the 1950s, a Soviet hoax had led to American fears of a bomber gap. In 1968, after gaining satellite photography, the United States' intelligence agencies were able to state with certainty that "No new ICBM complexes have been established in the USSR during the past year."[10] President Lyndon B. Johnson told a gathering in 1967:

I wouldn't want to be quoted on this ... We've spent $35 or $40 billion on the space program. And if nothing else had come out of it except the knowledge that we gained from space photography, it would be worth ten times what the whole program has cost. Because tonight we know how many missiles the enemy has and, it turned out, our guesses were way off. We were doing things we didn't need to do. We were building things we didn't need to build. We were harboring fears we didn't need to harbor.[10]

In fiction[edit]

Spy satellites are commonly seen in spy fiction and military fiction. Some works of fiction that focus specifically on spy satellites include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Corona History". National Reconnaissance Office. Retrieved 15 February 2014.  External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ "Corona Program". JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library. Retrieved 16 February 2014.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ Wright, Michael; Herron, Caroline Rand (8 December 1985). "Two Years for Morison". New York Times. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Erickson, Mark. Into the Unknown Together - The DOD, NASA, and Early Spaceflight (PDF). ISBN 1-58566-140-6. 
  5. ^ reconnaissance satellite, Infoplease, retrieved 2014-02-17 
  6. ^ Hennigan, W.J. (27 August 2013). "Monster rocket to blast off from Pacific coast, rattle Southland". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Melissa Goldin (2014-02-17). "Fragments of Soviet-Era Satellite Burn Up in Earth's Atmosphere". Mashable. Retrieved 2014-02-17. 
  8. ^ "The State of the Union Annual Message to the Congress". 1980 State of the Union Address. The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Commercial Satellite Imagery Companies Partner with the U.S. Geological Survey in Support of the International Charter "Space and Major Disasters"". USGS Newsroon. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Heppenheimer, T. A. (1998). The Space Shuttle Decision. NASA. pp. 191, 198. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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