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Srirangam Temple
Srirangam Temple
Published: 2010/08/26
Channel: Muniswamy G
மெய் சிலிர்க்க வைக்கும்  ஸ்ரீரங்கம் கோயிலின் பிரம்மாண்ட வரலாறு | History of Srirangam Temple
மெய் சிலிர்க்க வைக்கும் ஸ்ரீரங்கம் கோயிலின் பிரம்மாண்ட வரலாறு | History of Srirangam Temple
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Tamil
Sri Ranganatha Swami Moolavar - Srirangam Temple - Thayar Moolasthanam - Original Deities
Sri Ranganatha Swami Moolavar - Srirangam Temple - Thayar Moolasthanam - Original Deities
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: Swami Vivekananda - The Inspirational Leader
Srirangam (Part 1)
Srirangam (Part 1)
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: D.A Joseph
SVBC TTD-Srirangam Documentary  21-11-15
SVBC TTD-Srirangam Documentary 21-11-15
Published: 2015/11/21
Channel: SVBC TTD
Sri Rangam Temple History | Trichy 360 | Suryan FM
Sri Rangam Temple History | Trichy 360 | Suryan FM
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Suryan FM
கொத்து கொத்தாய் மரணம்! ஸ்ரீரங்கம் கோவிலின் மர்மம்! Kothu Kothaai Maranam Srirangam Kovilin Marmam
கொத்து கொத்தாய் மரணம்! ஸ்ரீரங்கம் கோவிலின் மர்மம்! Kothu Kothaai Maranam Srirangam Kovilin Marmam
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Urban Studios
Srirangam Kovil Kolu 21.09.2017
Srirangam Kovil Kolu 21.09.2017
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Srirangam Tv
Vedu Pari in Trichy Srirangam Temple - Dinamalar Jan 19th 2014 Tamil Video News
Vedu Pari in Trichy Srirangam Temple - Dinamalar Jan 19th 2014 Tamil Video News
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: Dinamalar
SRIRANGAM TEMPLE - QUICK TOUR TO FIRST DIVYA DESAM OF 108 VISHNU STHALAMS (VAISHNAVA TEMPLES)
SRIRANGAM TEMPLE - QUICK TOUR TO FIRST DIVYA DESAM OF 108 VISHNU STHALAMS (VAISHNAVA TEMPLES)
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: Swami Vivekananda - The Inspirational Leader
world
world's healthy dosa at Mani’s Cafe Srirangam..!!!
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: Iam a Big Foodie
Srirangam Temple - Sri Ranganatha Swamy - Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu - Documentary
Srirangam Temple - Sri Ranganatha Swamy - Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu - Documentary
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: Geethanjali - Travel Saga
Sutralam Suvaikalam - Srirangam
Sutralam Suvaikalam - Srirangam's strong degree coffee - Trichy special 1/3 | News7 Tamil |
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: News7 Tamil
ஸ்ரீரங்கம் கோயிலால் இறந்தவர்கள் திடுக்கிடும் வரலாறு...
ஸ்ரீரங்கம் கோயிலால் இறந்தவர்கள் திடுக்கிடும் வரலாறு...
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Marma Ragasiyangal
An aerial view of Srirangam
An aerial view of Srirangam
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: Prabhu Sathyamoorthy
HH Swamiji inviting everyone to Srirangam for Sri Vaishnava Sangoshti !
HH Swamiji inviting everyone to Srirangam for Sri Vaishnava Sangoshti !
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: Chinna Jeeyar
History of srirangam
History of srirangam
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: new hope
Harikatha on
Harikatha on 'Kshetra Srirangam' by Sri.Dushyanth Sridhar & Carnatica Brothers
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Dushyanth Sridhar
Srirangam -Thayar,Perumal Serthi_Panguni Uthiram_4m 58s
Srirangam -Thayar,Perumal Serthi_Panguni Uthiram_4m 58s
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Ranganathan Srinivasan
Srirangam Kaisiga Ekadasi 30 11 2017
Srirangam Kaisiga Ekadasi 30 11 2017
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: Srirangam Tv
srirangam 1928
srirangam 1928
Published: 2011/12/03
Channel: Srirangam Tv
A talk with Srivaishnavasri Sri Krishnamachari, Srirangam (Part -1)
A talk with Srivaishnavasri Sri Krishnamachari, Srirangam (Part -1)
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Veeraraghavan Sampath
Srirangam Kovil vedupari 08/01/2015
Srirangam Kovil vedupari 08/01/2015
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: Srirangam Tv
Rare Photos of Srirangam Temple
Rare Photos of Srirangam Temple
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Aravindhsibi Arumugam
Kaveri Maha Pushkaram Celebration begins in Srirangam & Mayiladuthurai | Detailed Report
Kaveri Maha Pushkaram Celebration begins in Srirangam & Mayiladuthurai | Detailed Report
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Thanthi TV
Sri Ramanujacharya Kovil - Srirangam Temple - Sri Ramanujar
Sri Ramanujacharya Kovil - Srirangam Temple - Sri Ramanujar's Thirumeni Preserved-Trichy-Tamil Nadu
Published: 2013/04/13
Channel: Swami Vivekananda - The Inspirational Leader
Srirangam Sokkapani 03 12 2017
Srirangam Sokkapani 03 12 2017
Published: 2017/12/04
Channel: Srirangam Tv
Srirangam Lakshmi Devi Mukkera Story|శ్రీరంగం లక్ష్మిదేవి ముక్కెర కథ|By Sri Samavedam Shanmuka Sarma
Srirangam Lakshmi Devi Mukkera Story|శ్రీరంగం లక్ష్మిదేవి ముక్కెర కథ|By Sri Samavedam Shanmuka Sarma
Published: 2017/08/27
Channel: Telugu Pravachanams
WATER IS COMMING TO SRIRANGAM CAUVERY
WATER IS COMMING TO SRIRANGAM CAUVERY
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Mani Murugesan
Two secret strong rooms found in Srirangam Temple - Dinamalar March 20th News
Two secret strong rooms found in Srirangam Temple - Dinamalar March 20th News
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: Dinamalar
Drive to Srirangam temple from Chennai | Full Road Trip | Full HD Video
Drive to Srirangam temple from Chennai | Full Road Trip | Full HD Video
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: TheRouteShow
history of srirangam
history of srirangam
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: namperumal srirangam
Sri Thyagaraja
Sri Thyagaraja's Srirangam Pancharatnam || Bombay Sisters|| Carnaticclassical
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: Carnatic Classical
Srirangam Temple Elephant Andal
Srirangam Temple Elephant Andal
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: KR Channel
Sri Ranganathar swamy Temple (Srirangam), Tiruchirapalli @ Trichy, TN, India
Sri Ranganathar swamy Temple (Srirangam), Tiruchirapalli @ Trichy, TN, India
Published: 2012/11/18
Channel: RAJUKHAN SR RAJESH
chief minister jayalalitha visit to trichy srirangam temple - DINAMALAR
chief minister jayalalitha visit to trichy srirangam temple - DINAMALAR
Published: 2011/06/21
Channel: Dinamalar
Srirangam Thirumanjanam
Srirangam Thirumanjanam
Published: 2009/08/18
Channel: Gurujee Gopalavallidasar
Sri Ranaganathar Unjal Sevai - Srirangam
Sri Ranaganathar Unjal Sevai - Srirangam
Published: 2012/12/08
Channel: Devanathan R
Srirangam (Part-2)
Srirangam (Part-2)
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: D.A Joseph
SRIRANGAM Temple, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu - English
SRIRANGAM Temple, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu - English
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: Bird machine
Srirangam Radhu- Arachuvitta Sambhar
Srirangam Radhu- Arachuvitta Sambhar
Published: 2013/06/23
Channel: geetradhu
River Cauvery at Srirangam
River Cauvery at Srirangam
Published: 2013/08/08
Channel: Veeraraghavan Sampath
Srirangam Radhu Adai
Srirangam Radhu Adai
Published: 2012/10/11
Channel: geetradhu
Thyagaraja Aradhana Festival  2014. Held at Srirangam Tiruchirappalli
Thyagaraja Aradhana Festival 2014. Held at Srirangam Tiruchirappalli
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: T Ganesh
Cheif Minister Ms J Jayalalithaa
Cheif Minister Ms J Jayalalithaa's Visit to Srirangam Temple
Published: 2011/06/22
Channel: Srirangam Devastanam
Srirangam Radhu Puliyotharai Paste 2
Srirangam Radhu Puliyotharai Paste 2
Published: 2010/01/26
Channel: geetradhu
Srirangam, Thiruvallikeni Temples Vaikunta Ekadasi Celebrations 2015 - Live
Srirangam, Thiruvallikeni Temples Vaikunta Ekadasi Celebrations 2015 - Live
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Bhakthi TV
History of Madurai & Srirangam Temples.
History of Madurai & Srirangam Temples.
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: Britain Tamil Bhakthi
Sani Peyarchi Palangal 2017 - Thula Rasi - Libra | by Srirangam Ravi | 7338999105 / 81443 66588
Sani Peyarchi Palangal 2017 - Thula Rasi - Libra | by Srirangam Ravi | 7338999105 / 81443 66588
Published: 2017/10/23
Channel: Srirangam Ravi
Srirangam Radhu Sambaar Preparation 1
Srirangam Radhu Sambaar Preparation 1
Published: 2009/03/20
Channel: geetradhu
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Srirangam
Thiruvarangam
Suburb
Srirangamlong view.jpg
Srirangam is located in Tamil Nadu
Srirangam
Srirangam
Srirangam is located in India
Srirangam
Srirangam
Coordinates: 10°52′N 78°41′E / 10.87°N 78.68°E / 10.87; 78.68Coordinates: 10°52′N 78°41′E / 10.87°N 78.68°E / 10.87; 78.68
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tiruchirappalli
Elevation 70 m (230 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 181,556
Language
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 620006
Telephone code 91–431
Vehicle registration TN-48
Website http://srirangam.org/

Srirangam (formerly Vellithirumutha gramam) (Thiruvarangam in Tamil) is an island and a part of the city of Tiruchirappalli, in South India.

Srirangam is bounded by the Kaveri River (also known as Cauvery river) on one side, and the Kaveri distributary Kollidam (Coleroon) on the other side. Srirangam is home to a significant population of Srivaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu).

Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple[edit]

The main gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam
White Gopuram at Srirangam Temple

Srirangam is famous for its Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus (especially Srivaishnavites) and the largest temple complex in India.

According to the temple's website, Srirangam can be considered the biggest functioning Hindu temple in the world, as it covers an area of about 631,000 square metres (6,790,000 sq ft) with a perimeter of 4 km (10,710 ft).[1] Angkor Wat is bigger but non-functioning.

Srirangam among a few "self-manifested" shrines (Swayam Vyakta Kshetras) of Lord Vishnu. The temple complex is enormous and spans 156 acres (0.63 km2). It has seven prakaras or enclosures. These enclosures are formed by thick and huge rampart walls which run round the sanctum. There are 21 magnificent towers in all prakaras providing a unique sight to any visitor. The temple town lies on an islet formed by the twin rivers Cauvery and Coleroon.

The Srirangam temple complex is composed of 7 concentric walled sections and 21 towers gopuram.[2] The southern gopuram of the temple, called the Rajagopuram, is 236 feet (73 m) tall and, as of 2016, is the second tallest in Asia. The construction of this Rajagopuram was begun during the reign of Achyuta Deva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire. However, construction was halted after his death and the structure of the rajagopuram remained incomplete for 400 years. The monumental task of completion of the rajagopuram was undertaken and completed successfully by Sri Vedanta Desika Yatheendra Mahadesikan, the 44th jeeyar of Sri Ahobila Matha. The construction was completed in a span of 8 years. The Rajagopuram was consecrated on 25 March 1987.

The temple has seven prakaras (elevated enclosures) with gopurams articulating the axial path, the highest at the outermost prakara and the lowest at the innermost. In historic times, just after the construction of this temple, the city of Srirangam lived completely within the walls of this temple and hence is quoted as an example of Hindu religious utopia – during its peak of existence.

The Srirangam temple is one of the three temples of the God Ranganatha that are situated in the natural islands formed in the Kaveri river. They are:

There is a gopuram fully made of gold, which is protected by an electrical fence.

Clothes such as Silk Sarees, Dhoti, Towels, etc.., used for religious purposes are auctioned here.

Inside the temple complex, there is a separate temple dedicated to the goddess Andal. Additionally, there is a museum, a library and a bookshop.

History[edit]

Lord Rama performed aradhanam (pooja) to Vishnu's idol (deity in a reclining posture). As a symbol of love he gifted the idol to Vibishana (brother of Ravana of the Hindu epic Ramayana) to take back with him to Lanka. There was a condition that he could not set the idol on earth and if he did it would seat itself permanently. Vibishana took this idol and while travelling towards Lanka, came upon the banks of the river Kaveri. He placed the idol on banks of river Kaveri, while an utsavam was in progress. When the utsavam got over, the Lord refused to move as he loved the place (Srirangam). When Vibhishana requested him to come along with him, the lord refused but promised to bless Vibhishana by always facing South (the direction of Lanka, home to Vibhishana) Hence it is that the deity (in a reclining posture) faces South. Then Chola kings Dharmavarcholan and Killivalavan developed the shrine into the big temple seen now. They built the basic foundations and main buildings.

Srirangam's History got important during the invasion of some jealous Muslim emperors (1310–1311) Srirangam was captured and the riches were looted. The invaders did not want to accept the rituals of Hinduism. They took away the idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal and plundered the treasures, jewels and ornaments which belonged to Srirangam temple. The temple idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal was sent to Delhi. In Delhi, the idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal was taken care of like a devoted mother by the daughter of the Sultan. At the very moment she saw the idol, she fell in love with the deity. She spent all her time with the idol. The Sultan surrendered the statue of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal back to Ramanujacharya. The Daughter of Sultan could not bear this. She is said to have disappeared mysteriously. She now has a separate shrine near the Sriranganatha temple and people worship her. She is called "Thulukka Nachiyar". Even after this incident Srirangam was often attacked and ransacked by various mughal emperors. After the rise of Vijayanagara Kingdom the atrocities of the Mughal Sultans came to an end. King of Vijaya Nagar "Krishna Deva Raya" realized the importance of this sacred city and prioritized Srirangam as equal as Thirupathi and bequeathed a plenty of treasures, jewels and lands to the Srirangam temple. During his period the Srirangam temple was well reformed and many plans were executed for the growth and people welfare and so Srirangam got developed rapidly.

Economy[edit]

Due to the famous temple, Srirangam has a thriving economy based on tourism. Devotees come from all parts of India and abroad. The number of devotees to the town increases greatly during the festivals like Vaikunta Ekadashi which falls on the Tamil month of Marghazi (Margashirsha).

Thiruvarangam is one of the few temples which is always being crowded by devotees.

There are many other famous temples near Srirangam. They include Rockfort temple, Samayapuram Mariamman temple, Tiruvaanaikovil temple, Vayalur Murugan temple, Uraiyur Vekkali Amman temple, Kattu Azhagiya singer temple etc.[3]

In addition along the banks of Kaveri in areas near Srirangam and Tiruchirappalli there are other famous temples of Lord Vishnu most of which house the reclining form of him, namely the Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple (Thiru Anbil) and housing the deity Appala Ranganathar, also called the Appukudaththan Temple at Koviladi.

Another temple of Lord Vishnu is at Tiruchirappalli itself, the Azhagiya Nambi Temple at Woraiyur which is part of the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam.

Srirangam town is also home to several hundred people who work in offices and industries located in Tiruchirappalli. The public transport linking Srirangam to Tiruchirappalli (route #1) is very frequent.

Schools[edit]

There are numerous schools, both private and public, in the town. The Higher Secondary School for Boys was founded in 1896 and is the oldest one in the town. There is also a Higher Secondary School for girls which is almost as old as that of the boys. Srimad Andavan College, Chinmaya Vidyalaya Matric. School, Sri Akilandeswari Vidyalaya, Sri Ranga Matriculation School, Sri Vaijayanthi Vidhyalaya, Srivageesha vidhyashram etc., are other institutions in Srirangam. Most of the schools have English as a medium of instruction. Some have Tamil as a medium of instruction, and some have both. There are many school children who travel to nearby Trichy also.

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Srirangam as seen from the air

The nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli International Airport.

Trichy Airport has connections to Chennai, Singapore, Dubai, Sharjah, Colombo, Kuala Lumpur.

Rail[edit]

Srirangam has a railway station that can be reached from Chennai through any of the major trains travelling in the Chennai-Kanyakumari railway track and the approximate journey time from Chennai is about 5 hours and 10 minutes (320 km). Only selected trains stops at Srirangam and rest at Tiruchirappalli junction.

The Tiruchirappalli fort and Trichy junction which are the distance of 2 km and 8 km serves as connection point to many destinations in southern India, such as Thanjavur, Thiruvananthapuram, Chidambaram, Madurai, Tirupathi, Tuticorin, Tenkasi, Quilon, Rameswaram, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Mysore, Kochi, Kanyakumari and Mangalore. It also connects to western part of Indian cities like Pune, Surat, Ahmedabad, some northern Indian cities like Jodhpur, Bikaner, New Delhi, Jammu.

Bus[edit]

Bridge Connecting Trichy and Srirangam across Kaveri River

Trichy Central bus stand has direct services to most parts of Tamil Nadu. From the bus stand, tourists can avail local buses, taxi, auto rickshaw to reach Srirangam.

City Bus service to all places of tourist interest from Central Bus Stand and from Chinthamani -Main Guard Gate Bus Stand (Both in Trichy). Tourist Taxis andAuto Rickshaws are also available at reasonable rates.

Route No. 1 of the City bus service runs between Srirangam and Central Bus stand. This route starts from Trichy Central Bus Stand and goes via Trichy Junction Railway Station, Palakkarai Rettai pillaiyar Kovil street, Main Guard Gate, Chatram Bus Stand, Cauvery River Bridge, Mambazha salai, Thiruvanaikkovil and ends at Srirangam Bus Stand near the Srirangam Therkku vaasal (South entrance to the temple).

There is a bus for every 5 minutes and the bus service is round the clock.

Buses TNSTC are originating from Srirangam to various places like Trivandrum, Chennai, Madurai, Kodaikanal, etc.[4][5]

Climate[edit]

The climate of Trichy (and Srirangam) is Tropical. Average Temperature Range (°C): Summer- Max. 37.1 °C (98.8 °F) Min. 26.4 °C (79.5 °F); Winter- Max. 31.3 °C (88.3 °F) Min. 20.6 °C (69.1 °F); Rainfall: 835 millimetres (32.9 in)

Politics[edit]

Srirangam assembly constituency is part of Tiruchirappalli (Lok Sabha constituency).The former chief minister of the state Jayalalithaa represented this constituency.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to Sri Ranganathar Swamy Temple". srirangam.org. 
  2. ^ India By Sarina Singh, Joe Bindloss, Paul Clammer, Janine Eberle
  3. ^ Kattu Azhagiya Singa Perumal Temple, Sri Rangam, Trichy – Find My Temple – Temples of Tamil Nadu – Thanjavur, Madurai, Thiruvannamalai, Palani, Kumbakonam
  4. ^ "List of new routes added by SETC – Part II". tnstc.wordpress.com. 17 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "TNSTC Bus Timings from Srirangam". tnstc.wordpress.com. 24 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 

External links[edit]

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