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President Trump China State Dinner Speech 11/09/2017 with President Xi Jinping
President Trump China State Dinner Speech 11/09/2017 with President Xi Jinping
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: US Live Stream TV
President Trump and the First Lady Attend a State Banquet
President Trump and the First Lady Attend a State Banquet
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: The White House
Mario Batali prepares for final Obama state dinner
Mario Batali prepares for final Obama state dinner
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: CBS This Morning
The Royal Family attend a State Banquet at Buckingham Palace of the Spanish State Visit
The Royal Family attend a State Banquet at Buckingham Palace of the Spanish State Visit
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Princess Diana & The Royal Family
Behind the Scenes: Preparing The United Kingdom State Dinner
Behind the Scenes: Preparing The United Kingdom State Dinner
Published: 2012/03/14
Channel: The Obama White House
President Trump and the First Lady Attend a State Dinner
President Trump and the First Lady Attend a State Dinner
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: The White House
The Trump
The Trump's Host State Dinner for India's Prime Minister Modi
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: LIVE SATELLITE NEWS
Obama Hosts His Final State Dinner
Obama Hosts His Final State Dinner
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: ABC News
President Trump attended state dinner in China. November 8, 2017.
President Trump attended state dinner in China. November 8, 2017.
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: CHANNEL90seconds newscom
State dinner, Christiansborg Palace Copenhagen
State dinner, Christiansborg Palace Copenhagen
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: The Belgian Monarchy
Obama attends state dinner with Queen
Obama attends state dinner with Queen
Published: 2011/05/25
Channel: CBS News
Xi arrival at White House state dinner
Xi arrival at White House state dinner
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: CGTN America
President Trump Attend a state dinner. Hanoi, Vietnam. November 11, 2017. Pres Trump in Vietnam
President Trump Attend a state dinner. Hanoi, Vietnam. November 11, 2017. Pres Trump in Vietnam
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: CHANNEL90seconds newscom
Preparing The German State Dinner
Preparing The German State Dinner
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: The Obama White House
Dazzling Spanish State Banquet 2017 Held At Buckingham Palace
Dazzling Spanish State Banquet 2017 Held At Buckingham Palace
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Royal Reviewer
State dinner for President Xi features American cuisine with Chinese flavors
State dinner for President Xi features American cuisine with Chinese flavors
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: New China TV
State Dinner in Honor of Their Majesties The Emperor and Empress of Japan
State Dinner in Honor of Their Majesties The Emperor and Empress of Japan
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: RTVMalacanang
President Trump and the First Lady Attend a State Dinner
President Trump and the First Lady Attend a State Dinner
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: The White House
The President and the President of the People’s Republic of China at the State Dinner
The President and the President of the People’s Republic of China at the State Dinner
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: The Obama White House
President Trump and the First Lady Host President Moon for State Dinner
President Trump and the First Lady Host President Moon for State Dinner
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: The White House
Melania Trump and Hope Hicks attend Beijing state dinner
Melania Trump and Hope Hicks attend Beijing state dinner
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Breaking News
Trump
Trump's state dinner in Seoul sparks controversy in Japan
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
President Obama Attends the India State Dinner
President Obama Attends the India State Dinner
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: The Obama White House
President Obama and Prime Minister Trudeau Deliver Remarks at State Dinner
President Obama and Prime Minister Trudeau Deliver Remarks at State Dinner
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: The Obama White House
Pres Trump Speaks at State Dinner in South Korea.
Pres Trump Speaks at State Dinner in South Korea.
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Rshill7
President Trump Full Speech At State Dinner in Beijing, China 11/9/17
President Trump Full Speech At State Dinner in Beijing, China 11/9/17
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: President Trump
President Trump and first lady Melania Trump attend a state dinner in South Korea. Blue House, Seoul
President Trump and first lady Melania Trump attend a state dinner in South Korea. Blue House, Seoul
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: CHANNEL90seconds newscom
Aladdin Performance at the Kids’ “State Dinner”
Aladdin Performance at the Kids’ “State Dinner”
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: The Obama White House
Diplomats Arrive at State Dinner in China Attended by Donald Trump and Xi Jinping
Diplomats Arrive at State Dinner in China Attended by Donald Trump and Xi Jinping
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: LIVE SATELLITE NEWS
President Trump China State Dinner Speech with President Xi Jinping 11/09/2017
President Trump China State Dinner Speech with President Xi Jinping 11/09/2017
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Front Line News
President Kenyatta hosts U.S President Barack Obama to a state dinner
President Kenyatta hosts U.S President Barack Obama to a state dinner
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: K24TV
Behind the Scenes: Inside the Kitchen for the France State Dinner
Behind the Scenes: Inside the Kitchen for the France State Dinner
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: The Obama White House
Prince William and Kate attend state dinner in Malaysia
Prince William and Kate attend state dinner in Malaysia
Published: 2012/09/13
Channel: The Telegraph
Melania Trump shows off see-through dress at the state dinner in South Korea
Melania Trump shows off see-through dress at the state dinner in South Korea
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: News 247
Melania Trump opted for a classic look for a state dinner with husband Donald in South Korea
Melania Trump opted for a classic look for a state dinner with husband Donald in South Korea
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Hot news 24h Today
Michelle Obama
Michelle Obama's Fashion at Final State Dinner
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: Good Morning America
AMAZING - First Lady Arrives at State Dinner in Stunning Chinese Dress
AMAZING - First Lady Arrives at State Dinner in Stunning Chinese Dress
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: LIVE SATELLITE NEWS
Obama Hosts Justin Trudeau, Canadian Celebrities at US State Dinner
Obama Hosts Justin Trudeau, Canadian Celebrities at US State Dinner
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: ABC News
President Reagan and Queen Beatrix Toasts at State Dinner on April 19, 1982
President Reagan and Queen Beatrix Toasts at State Dinner on April 19, 1982
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: Reagan Library
White House executive chef prepares for Japanese state dinner
White House executive chef prepares for Japanese state dinner
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: CBS This Morning
Danish royal family attends a state dinner at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (2009)
Danish royal family attends a state dinner at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (2009)
Published: 2010/03/13
Channel: DRFGARDEN
Queen Mathilde Dons Vibrant Pink Gown at State Dinner in India
Queen Mathilde Dons Vibrant Pink Gown at State Dinner in India
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: MIU MIU
State dinner menu seeks to suit both presidents
State dinner menu seeks to suit both presidents' tastes and fuse different ingredients
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Inside President Barack Obama’s Final State Dinner | TODAY
Inside President Barack Obama’s Final State Dinner | TODAY
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: TODAY
White House staff prepare for state dinner
White House staff prepare for state dinner
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: CGTN
White House state dinner: Leaders head into the dining room
White House state dinner: Leaders head into the dining room
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: Straits Times
Raw: Obamas Host Italy PM at Final State Dinner
Raw: Obamas Host Italy PM at Final State Dinner
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: Associated Press
2012 Kids
2012 Kids' State Dinner
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: The Obama White House
Melania Trump wears $8,000 dress to state dinner at White House
Melania Trump wears $8,000 dress to state dinner at White House
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Breaking News
President Obama Speaks at the 2013 Kids
President Obama Speaks at the 2013 Kids' State Dinner
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: The Obama White House
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Round tables lavishly set for a state dinner held in the State Dining Room at the White House. The large gold charger plates are from the Eisenhower china service.

A state dinner or state lunch is a dinner or banquet paid for by a government and hosted by a head of state in his or her official residence in order to renew and celebrate diplomatic ties between the host country and the country of a foreign head of state or head of government who was issued an invitation. It may form part of a state visit or diplomatic conference. In many countries around the world, there are many different rules governed by protocol. State dinners often consist of, but are not limited to, black tie or white tie dress, military honor guards, a four or five course meal, musical entertainment, dancing, and speeches made on behalf of the head of state hosting the state dinner as well as the foreign head of state.

By country[edit]

India[edit]

A state banquet held in honor of U.S. President George W. Bush in the Mughal Garden at the Rashtrapati Bhavan, 2006.

In India, state banquets are held for foreign heads of state and government at the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi and are hosted by the President of India. Over one hundred guests usually attend state banquets, including members of the Government of India such as the Vice-President of India, the Prime minister of India, and prominent members of the ruling party. Indian and foreign business leaders also attend.

At the beginning of a state banquet, a foreign head of state is greeted by the president in the North Drawing Room. A tent constructed in the Mughal Garden within the environs of the presidential palace is the outdoor setting for state banquets. During the evening, the gardens are lit up with earthen diyas, string lights, and decorated with flowers and rangoli that become a scene for entertainment. After a performance by Rajasthani singers, Indian percussion instruments like the mridangam, tabla, ghatam and khanjeera, as well as India's diverse classical dances in which Bharatnatyam, Odissi and Kathak are carefully choreographed, will all be showcased in front of the guests.

Inside the tent, speeches highlighting bilateral diplomatic relations are delivered by the President of India and the foreign head of state. The guests are then offered a sumptuous meal of Indian delicacies while the Indian Navy Band performs music.

State banquets follow an official arrival ceremony which occurs at the Rashtrapati Bhavan earlier in the day.

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom, state dinners are hosted by the head of state, who is the British sovereign, currently Queen Elizabeth II. Traditionally all state dinners were held at Buckingham Palace because of its position in the heart of London. However, in recent years, banquets have also been held at Windsor Castle in Berkshire. Organisation of the state dinner usually falls to the Master of the Household with a seating plan confirmed both by the Queen and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. State dinners are usually held for visiting heads of state and are very elaborate; Royal Protocol is generally very strict but this has been played down over recent years. All speeches that are read are again checked and confirmed by the Foreign office, and amended. Gifts are exchanged by both parties.

United States[edit]

Introduction[edit]

A tent located on the South Lawn was the venue for a state dinner held on the evening of November 24, 2009. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama dined with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India and his wife, Gursharan Kaur.

In the United States, a state dinner is a formal dinner, more often black tie in recent years rather than white tie, which is held in honor of a foreign head of state, such as a king, queen, president, or any head of government. A state dinner is hosted by the President of the United States and held in the State Dining Room at the White House in Washington D.C. Other formal dinners for important people of other nations, such as a prince or princess, are called official dinners, the difference being that the federal government does not pay for them.

State and official dinners are dictated by strict protocol in order to ensure that no diplomatic gaffes occur. The Chief of Protocol of the United States, who is an official within the United States Department of State, the White House Chief Usher, who is head of the household staff at the White House, as well as the White House Social Secretary all oversee the planning of state and official dinners from beginning to end. The Graphics and Calligraphy Office located in the East Wing of the White House also bears numerous responsibilities. The White House Chief Calligrapher creates place cards with the names of the guests who are assigned seats around the tables in the State Dining Room. The Chief Calligrapher also designs and writes formal invitations that are mailed to the postal addresses of the guests. State dinners require close coordination between the White House Executive Chef and the White House Executive Pastry Chef who plan and prepare a four or five-course meal, as well as the White House Chief Floral Designer who arranges flowers and decorations on the candle-lit tables.

As is customary for all incoming state visits by foreign heads of state, a state dinner follows a State Arrival Ceremony which occurs on the South Lawn earlier in the day. In addition, state dinners held in recent years are also given media coverage by the public affairs TV channel, C-SPAN.

History[edit]

The State Dining Room at the White House as depicted in this 1850s stereoscopic view. Long banquet tables were used for state dinners before they were discarded in the 1960s by First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy in favor of round tables.

In the early 19th century, dinners honoring the president's Cabinet, Congress, or other dignitaries were called 'state dinners' even though they lacked official foreign representation. Under such conditions, large receptions and dinners were a rare occurrence as Washington, D.C., society was a collection of isolated villages widely separated and at times almost inaccessible. Times changed and so did the nation’s capital as a series of state dinners were held every winter social season to honor Congress, the Supreme Court, and members of the diplomatic corps.

In the late 19th century, the term state dinner became synonymous with a dinner hosted by the president honoring a foreign head of state. The first visiting head of state to attend a state dinner at the White House was King David Kalakaua of the Kingdom of Hawaii, hosted by Ulysses S. Grant on December 12, 1874.[1]

The restoration of the White House by the architectural firm McKim, Mead, and White in 1902 created a more proper setting for official entertainment to occur. When the president's office moved to the newly constructed West Wing, the Neoclassical remodeling of the Executive Residence's state rooms gave Theodore Roosevelt a perfect venue reflecting the United States' growing power and influence around the world. While the White House underwent a complete interior reconstruction from 1948 to 1952, Harry S. Truman and Bess Truman lived at Blair House and state dinners were held in local hotels in the nation's capital. Long banquet tables were always used in the State Dining Room prior to the administration of John F. Kennedy. However, these were permanently discarded by Jacqueline Kennedy and replaced with round tables which could seat a far greater number of guests, approximately 120 to 140, in such a tight and confined space. To this day, presidents and first ladies continue to add their own personal touches and flair in entertaining foreign guests of state at the White House, having full access to the vermeil collection of gilded candelabras and flatware, the President's House crystal pattern, as well as the priceless collection of White House china which dates from the James Monroe administration to the George W. Bush administration, for use at a state dinner.[1]

Sequence of events[edit]

A calligraphed menu placed on top of the Clinton china service being used for a state dinner.
Under the direction of White House Executive Chef Henry Haller, chefs prepare food for a state dinner honoring Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser in 1981.

During a state dinner, honor guards and color guards in full dress uniform from all branches of the United States Armed Forces are dispatched for ceremonial duty at the White House. At the North Portico entrance of the White House, the President of the United States and the First Lady of the United States formally greet the visiting head of state and his or her spouse, who have arrived in a motorcade from Blair House, the traditional guest quarters of foreign heads of state and dignitaries, or from a foreign ambassador's residence in the area of Embassy Row in Northwest, Washington, D.C. A brief photo opportunity for the media at the top of the staircase will occur. The president and first lady then escort the visiting head of state and his or her spouse to the Yellow Oval Room for a reception on the residence floor where the president's guests are served hors d'œuvres, cocktails, wine, or champagne. The president and first lady also introduce their guests to a wide array of people from the United States such as ambassadors, diplomats, members of Congress, members of the president's Cabinet, and other prominent people such as celebrities and Hollywood A-list movie stars invited at the discretion of the president and first lady.

After the informal reception in the Yellow Oval Room, the president and the foreign head of state, followed by the first lady and the foreign head of state's spouse, descend the Grand Staircase to the Entrance Hall on the state floor where they are met by the United States Marine Band, "The President's Own". Four ruffles and flourishes, immediately followed by Hail to the Chief, serves as the fanfare for the president's arrival. Often, the national anthem of the foreign head of state's country as well as the Star Spangled Banner are performed.

After a receiving line whereby the president introduces the visiting head of state to all of the invited guests, the president and the visiting head of state, his or her spouse, and the first lady, walk down the Cross Hall and proceed to the State Dining Room where a four or five-course meal, typically consisting of an appetizer/soup, fish, meat, salad and dessert, are served to the guests. The menu planned in advance for a state dinner and prepared by the White House Executive Chef and White House Executive Pastry Chef centers around the national cuisine of the visiting foreign head of state, using local ingredients, flavors, and ethnic foods. Before eating the meal, both the president and the visiting foreign head of state give a speech on a lectern, paying tribute to diplomatic relations between the United States and the foreign head of state's country. Members of the "Strolling Strings," violinists from the United States Marine Band "The President's Own," disperse throughout the State Dining Room and perform for the guests seated around the candle-lit tables. After the meal, the guests are seated in the East Room and are formally entertained by a musical ensemble such as a pianist, a singer, an orchestra, or band of national renown. On past occasions, dancing has also been a component at the conclusion of a state dinner.

Switzerland[edit]

In Switzerland, the head of the state is the Swiss Federal Council (not only its president). For this reason, the seven Federal Councillors (and their spouses) are invited to the state dinners organised in Bern during state visits.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The White House State Dinner" (PDF). The White House Historical Association. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  2. ^ Le Temps, Saturday 18 April 2015, page 10.
  • Schifando, Peter; J. Jonathan Joseph (2007). Entertaining at the White House with Nancy Reagan. New York: William Morrow. ISBN 978-0-06-135012-2. 

External links[edit]

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