1
How To: Cut a Stencil EASILY
How To: Cut a Stencil EASILY
DATE: 2010/02/09::
2
Tutorials, Tips, & Tricks! "General Stencil Spraying" by BASE45
Tutorials, Tips, & Tricks! "General Stencil Spraying" by BASE45
DATE: 2012/07/20::
3
How to create a stencil OF ANYTHING
How to create a stencil OF ANYTHING
DATE: 2014/01/30::
4
How To Make A Multi Layer Stencil!
How To Make A Multi Layer Stencil!
DATE: 2014/02/27::
5
STENCIL IT PART 1
STENCIL IT PART 1
DATE: 2009/03/10::
6
Stencil OPA - 14/05/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Livro Magnólia
Stencil OPA - 14/05/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Livro Magnólia
DATE: 2015/05/22::
7
Lana Del Rey Stencil Art & TKL - "Blue Zebra"
Lana Del Rey Stencil Art & TKL - "Blue Zebra"
DATE: 2012/04/01::
8
Saiba Aqui - Estampar Camisetas com Stencil
Saiba Aqui - Estampar Camisetas com Stencil
DATE: 2013/02/04::
9
How to Stencil a Feature Wall Using a Wall Stencil by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY accent wall decor.
How to Stencil a Feature Wall Using a Wall Stencil by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY accent wall decor.
DATE: 2011/08/01::
10
Jorge From San Miguel (Stencil Art)
Jorge From San Miguel (Stencil Art)
DATE: 2013/09/16::
11
Stencil na parede! + Faça seu próprio stencil!
Stencil na parede! + Faça seu próprio stencil!
DATE: 2014/01/23::
12
stencil street art part1
stencil street art part1
DATE: 2012/12/28::
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La Cama - Multilayer Stencil (cutanddestroy)
La Cama - Multilayer Stencil (cutanddestroy)
DATE: 2014/01/21::
14
Time Lapse Graffiti Spray Paint Stencil Art
Time Lapse Graffiti Spray Paint Stencil Art
DATE: 2012/09/21::
15
Tutorial: Como Hacer un Stencil
Tutorial: Como Hacer un Stencil
DATE: 2010/02/05::
16
Como hacer tus propios stencils o Plantillas  / Make your own stencils
Como hacer tus propios stencils o Plantillas / Make your own stencils
DATE: 2014/07/31::
17
STENCIL graffiti ART
STENCIL graffiti ART
DATE: 2011/07/20::
18
stencil 3 capas español (tutorial)
stencil 3 capas español (tutorial)
DATE: 2011/10/04::
19
Tutorial Stencil de Parede - Stencil Decor
Tutorial Stencil de Parede - Stencil Decor
DATE: 2014/07/09::
20
Como Fazer Molde de Pintura com Radiografia - Stencil
Como Fazer Molde de Pintura com Radiografia - Stencil
DATE: 2013/02/13::
21
ambush Stencil Graffiti at Crack Bellmer RAW Berlin
ambush Stencil Graffiti at Crack Bellmer RAW Berlin
DATE: 2013/07/23::
22
Stencil OPA - 23/04/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Pássaro Azul
Stencil OPA - 23/04/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Pássaro Azul
DATE: 2015/04/27::
23
Come creare gli Stencil ( Fai da Te) - Arte per Te -
Come creare gli Stencil ( Fai da Te) - Arte per Te -
DATE: 2011/04/03::
24
How to cut out a stencil
How to cut out a stencil
DATE: 2012/04/14::
25
Stencil OPA - 16/04/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Quadro Bienvenue
Stencil OPA - 16/04/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Quadro Bienvenue
DATE: 2015/04/22::
26
Concrete Overlay Made With European Fan Stencil Design. Beautiful and durable.
Concrete Overlay Made With European Fan Stencil Design. Beautiful and durable.
DATE: 2009/03/17::
27
PINTURA EM TECIDO COM STENCIL, ESTAMPARIA EM TECIDO
PINTURA EM TECIDO COM STENCIL, ESTAMPARIA EM TECIDO
DATE: 2014/05/25::
28
Chevron Stencil Tips and Tricks
Chevron Stencil Tips and Tricks
DATE: 2013/08/27::
29
Como Fazer Seu Stencil
Como Fazer Seu Stencil
DATE: 2012/06/10::
30
Técnica de stencil con spray
Técnica de stencil con spray
DATE: 2012/05/16::
31
STENCIL ART - "Marilyn Monroe" - Speed Painting
STENCIL ART - "Marilyn Monroe" - Speed Painting
DATE: 2014/08/01::
32
Fare uno stencil
Fare uno stencil
DATE: 2012/02/25::
33
Stencils: How to Stencil a Kitchen Border. Wall stencils by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY decor ideas.
Stencils: How to Stencil a Kitchen Border. Wall stencils by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY decor ideas.
DATE: 2011/08/01::
34
ART TUTORIAL: How To Cut & Spray Multicolour Stencil Art
ART TUTORIAL: How To Cut & Spray Multicolour Stencil Art
DATE: 2015/01/05::
35
Decorare le pareti tecnica stencil
Decorare le pareti tecnica stencil
DATE: 2014/04/15::
36
Como hacer un stencil
Como hacer un stencil
DATE: 2013/08/28::
37
Stencil OPA - 17/06/2014 - Mayumi Takushi - Caixa Borboletas e Pérolas
Stencil OPA - 17/06/2014 - Mayumi Takushi - Caixa Borboletas e Pérolas
DATE: 2014/06/23::
38
Create stencil from a colour photo
Create stencil from a colour photo
DATE: 2013/07/29::
39
DIY home-made SMT metal stencil - the definitive tutorial
DIY home-made SMT metal stencil - the definitive tutorial
DATE: 2013/02/11::
40
Multi Layer Stencil Khaleesi
Multi Layer Stencil Khaleesi
DATE: 2014/09/10::
41
COMO DISEÑAR Y CORTAR UNA PLANTILLA DE STENCIL
COMO DISEÑAR Y CORTAR UNA PLANTILLA DE STENCIL
DATE: 2014/07/03::
42
A Scuola di Stencil
A Scuola di Stencil
DATE: 2012/04/16::
43
How to Stencil a Cookie (The Basics)
How to Stencil a Cookie (The Basics)
DATE: 2013/10/05::
44
getbetterlife  thermal  tattoo stencil maker copier machine
getbetterlife thermal tattoo stencil maker copier machine
DATE: 2015/02/06::
45
How to make a graffiti stencil
How to make a graffiti stencil
DATE: 2012/04/14::
46
Stencil OPA - 19/05/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Colher e Morangos
Stencil OPA - 19/05/15 - Mayumi Takushi - Colher e Morangos
DATE: 2015/05/26::
47
How to stencil on a cake using royal icing stencilling on a cake stenciling cake decorating tutorial
How to stencil on a cake using royal icing stencilling on a cake stenciling cake decorating tutorial
DATE: 2015/02/23::
48
Sbarsiniestro stencil t shirt by Sbarsiniestro time lapse
Sbarsiniestro stencil t shirt by Sbarsiniestro time lapse
DATE: 2011/07/09::
49
tutorial para crear un stencil en photoshop
tutorial para crear un stencil en photoshop
DATE: 2009/12/11::
50
How to Make a Multi Layered Stencil for Spray Painting (Gimp)
How to Make a Multi Layered Stencil for Spray Painting (Gimp)
DATE: 2013/11/10::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other uses, see Stencil (disambiguation).
Parts of a stencil
Stenciled warning sign in Singapore
Japanese Ise-katagami stencil for printing textiles

Stencilling produces an image or pattern by applying pigment to a surface over an intermediate object with designed gaps in it which create the pattern or image by only allowing the pigment to reach some parts of the surface. The stencil is both the resulting image or pattern and the intermediate object; the context in which stencil is used makes clear which meaning is intended. In practice, the (object) stencil is usually a thin sheet of material, such as paper, plastic, wood or metal, with letters or a design cut from it, used to produce the letters or design on an underlying surface by applying pigment through the cut-out holes in the material.

The key advantage of a stencil is that it can be reused to repeatedly and rapidly produce the same letters or design. Although aerosol or painting stencils can be made for one-time use, typically they are made with the intention of being reused. To be reusable, they must remain intact after a design is produced and the stencil is removed from the work surface. With some designs, this is done by connecting stencil islands (sections of material that are inside cut-out "holes" in the stencil) to other parts of the stencil with bridges (narrow sections of material that are not cut out).

Stencil technique in visual art is also referred to as pochoir. A related technique (which has found applicability in some surrealist compositions) is aerography, in which spray-painting is done around a three-dimensional object to create a negative of the object instead of a positive of a stencil design. This technique was used in cave paintings dating to 10,000 BC, where human hands were used in painting hand print outlines among paintings of animals and other objects. The artist sprayed pigment around his hand by using a hollow bone, blown by mouth to direct a stream of pigment.

Screen printing also uses a stencil process, as does mimeography. The masters from which mimeographed pages are printed are often called "stencils". Stencils can be made with one or many colour layers using different techniques, with most stencils designed to be applied as solid colours. During screen printing and mimeography the images for stenciling are broken down into color layers. Multiple layers of stencils are used on the same surface to produce multi-colored images.

History[edit]

Prehistoric hand stencils, Cueva de las Manos in Argentina

Hand stencils, made by blowing pigment over a hand held against a wall, are found from over 35,000 years ago in Asia and Europe, and later prehistoric dates in other continents.[1][2] Stencils may have been used to colour cloth for a very long time; the technique probably reached its peak of sophistication in Katazome and other techniques used on silks for clothes during the Edo period in Japan. In Europe, from about 1450 they were commonly used to colour old master prints printed in black and white, usually woodcuts.[3] This was especially the case with playing-cards, which continued to be coloured by stencil long after most other subjects for prints were left in black and white.[4] Stencils were used for mass publications, as the type did not have to be hand-written.

Book illustration[edit]

Stencils were popular as a method of book illustration, and for that purpose the technique was at its height of popularity in France during the 1920s when André Marty, Jean Saudé and many other studios in Paris specialised in the technique. Low wages contributed to the popularity of the highly labour-intensive process.[5] When stencils are used in this way they are often called "pochoir". In the pochoir process, a print with the outlines of the design was produced, and a series of stencils were used through which areas of color were applied by hand to the page. To produce detail, a collotype could be produced which the colors were then stenciled over.[6] Pochoir was frequently used to create prints of intense color, and is most often associated with Art Nouveau and Art Deco design.[7][8]

Aerosol stencils[edit]

John Fekner Wheels Over Indian Trails 1979-1990. Pulaski Bridge near the Queens Midtown Tunnel Spray paint on concrete. Long Island City, NY.
"Happy 1984" — Stencil graffiti found on the Berlin Wall in 2005. The object depicted is a DualShock video game controller.
Stencil used for identification (drum case at The Allman Brothers Museum)

Aerosol stencils have many practical applications and the stencil concept is used frequently in industrial, commercial, artistic, residential and recreational settings, as well as by the military, government and infrastructure management. A template is used to create an outline for the image. Stencils templates can be made from any material which will hold its form, ranging from plain paper, cardboard, plastic sheets, metals and wood.

Official use[edit]

Stencils are frequently used by official organizations, including the military, utility companies and governments, to quickly and clearly label objects, vehicles and locations. Stencils for official application can be customized, or purchased as individual letters, numbers and symbols. This allows the user to arrange words, phrases and other labels from one set of templates, unique to the item being labeled. When objects are labeled using a single template alphabet, it makes it easier to identify their affiliation or source.

Stencil graffiti[edit]

Main article: Stencil graffiti

Stencils have also become popular for graffiti, since stencil art using spray-paint can be produced quickly and easily. These qualities are important for graffiti artists where graffiti is illegal or quasi-legal, depending on the city and stenciling surface. The extensive lettering possible with stencils makes it especially attractive to political artists. For example, the anarcho-punk band Crass used stencils of anti-war, anarchist, feminist and anti-consumerist messages in a long-term graffiti campaign around the London Underground system and on advertising billboards. There has been a semi-resent trend in making multi-layered stencils with different shades of grey for each layer creating a more detailed stenciled image. [9] Also well known for their use of stencil art are Blek le Rat and Jef aerosol from France, British artist Banksy, New York artist John Fekner, world traveling artist Above, Shepard Fairey's OBEY, and Pirate & Acid from Hollywood, California.

Home stenciling[edit]

A common tradition for stencils is in home decorating and arts & crafts. Home decor stencils are an important part of the DIY (Do It Yourself) industry. There are prefabricated stencil templates available for home decoration projects from hardware stores, arts & crafts stores and through the internet. Stencils are usually applied in the home with a paint or roller brush along wall borders and as trim. They can also be applied with a painted sponge for a textured effect.

Stencil templates can be purchased or constructed individually. Typically they are constructed of flexible plastics, including acetate, mylar and vinyl. Stencils can be used as children's toys.

Military stenciling[edit]

Stencils have been used in the military across most nations for many years and continue to be used today. They are used to mark up: equipment, vehicles, rations, signposts, helmets etc. The most famous use of military stencils was the application of 'playing card' designs to USA Airborne helmets during World War Two as a method to identify regimental units.

Silk screening[edit]

Silk screening is a type of printing on paper or textiles, in which an ink is embedded in the cloth. The ink is controlled through the use of a stencil, which is placed directly over the paper or textile. This process can only handle one colour of ink at a time. Therefore, multi colored designs must be silk screened several times, with each interval taking time to dry.

Micro/nanostencil[edit]

Main article: Nanostencil

Stencils are also used in micro/nanotechnology, as miniature shadow masks through which material can be deposited, etched or ions implanted onto a substrate. These stencils are usually made out of thin (100-500 nm) low-stress SiN in which apertures are defined by various lithographic techniques (e. g. electron beam, photolithography).

Stencil lithography has unique advantages compared to other patterning techniques: it does not require spinning of a uniform layer of resist (therefore patterns can be created on 3D topographies) and it does not involve any heat or chemical treatment of the substrate (like baking, developing and removing the resist). Thus it allows a wide range of substrates (e.g. flexible, surface-treated) and materials (e. g. organics) to be used.

Other stencil forms[edit]

Main article: Screen printing

A stencil technique is employed in screen printing which uses a tightly woven mesh screen coated in a thin layer of emulsion to reproduce the original image. As the stencil is attached to the screen, a contiguous template is not necessary.

Main article: Airbrush

A stencil used in airbrushing called a frisket is pressed directly on the artwork. It can be used control or contain overspray, create sharp or complex shapes, but is not designed to be used more than once.

Wall stencils - to decorate walls and ceilings or create your own repeat for an overall modern wall pattern effect.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ghosh, Pallab. "Cave paintings change ideas about the origin of art". BBC News. BBC News.  "The minimum age for (the outline of the hand) is 39,900 years old, which makes it the oldest hand stencil in the world," said Dr Aubert. "Next to it is , and this is one of the oldest figurative depictions in the world, if not the oldest one," he told BBC News. There are also paintings in the caves that are around 27,000 years old, which means that the inhabitants were painting for at least 13,000 years."
  2. ^ Pike, A. W. G.; Hoffmann, D. L.; García-Diaz, M.; Pettitt, P. B.; Alcolea, J.; De Balbín, R.; González-Sainz, C.; de las Heras, C.; Lasheras, J. A.; Zilhão, J. (15 June 2012). "Science" 336 (6087). pp. 1409–1413. doi:10.1126/science.1219957.  Abstract: "... minimum ages of 40.8 thousand years for a red disk, 37.3 thousand years for a hand stencil, and 35.6 thousand years for a claviform-like symbol".
  3. ^ Mayor, Hyatt A., Prints and People, Metropolitan Museum of Art/Princeton, 1971, no. 51, 65, 80, ISBN 0691003262
  4. ^ Mayor, Hyatt A., Prints and People, Metropolitan Museum of Art/Princeton, 1971, no. 15, ISBN 0691003262
  5. ^ Jan Juffermans (2003). Kees van Dongen: The Graphic Work Lund Humphries Publishers, ISBN 0-85331-876-X
  6. ^ David Pankow (1997). Tempting the palette. ISBN 1-933360-00-3
  7. ^ The University of Cincinnati The Art of the Pochoir Book, University of Cincinnati
  8. ^ Smithsonian Institution Vibrant Visions, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum Library
  9. ^ Crass Discography (Christ's Reality Asylum) Retrieved on November 11, 2007.

External links[edit]

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