Play Video
1
How To: Cut a Stencil EASILY
How To: Cut a Stencil EASILY
::2010/02/09::
Play Video
2
Tutorials, Tips, & Tricks! "General Stencil Spraying" by BASE45
Tutorials, Tips, & Tricks! "General Stencil Spraying" by BASE45
::2012/07/20::
Play Video
3
How To Reduce Bleed While Stenciling
How To Reduce Bleed While Stenciling
::2013/04/25::
Play Video
4
How to create a stencil OF ANYTHING
How to create a stencil OF ANYTHING
::2014/01/30::
Play Video
5
Técnica de stencil con spray
Técnica de stencil con spray
::2012/05/16::
Play Video
6
Tutorial: Como Hacer un Stencil
Tutorial: Como Hacer un Stencil
::2010/02/05::
Play Video
7
Stormtrooper Protest - Stencil & Graffiti Art
Stormtrooper Protest - Stencil & Graffiti Art
::2013/02/25::
Play Video
8
La Cama - Multilayer Stencil (cutanddestroy)
La Cama - Multilayer Stencil (cutanddestroy)
::2014/01/21::
Play Video
9
Sbarsiniestro stencil t shirt by Sbarsiniestro time lapse
Sbarsiniestro stencil t shirt by Sbarsiniestro time lapse
::2011/07/08::
Play Video
10
How to Stencil a Feature Wall Using a Wall Stencil by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY accent wall decor.
How to Stencil a Feature Wall Using a Wall Stencil by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY accent wall decor.
::2011/08/01::
Play Video
11
ambush Stencil Graffiti at Crack Bellmer RAW Berlin
ambush Stencil Graffiti at Crack Bellmer RAW Berlin
::2013/07/23::
Play Video
12
How to make a graffiti stencil
How to make a graffiti stencil
::2012/04/14::
Play Video
13
STENCIL IT PART 1
STENCIL IT PART 1
::2009/03/10::
Play Video
14
Você Não Sabia - Estampar Camisetas com Stencil
Você Não Sabia - Estampar Camisetas com Stencil
::2013/02/04::
Play Video
15
Stencil tributo a Amy Winehouse, por Mauricio Correa - Tribute to amy Winehouse by Mauricio Correa
Stencil tributo a Amy Winehouse, por Mauricio Correa - Tribute to amy Winehouse by Mauricio Correa
::2011/08/26::
Play Video
16
Graffiti Stencil - Arte para todos - Grafite Cidadão - Viva o povo Brasileiro!
Graffiti Stencil - Arte para todos - Grafite Cidadão - Viva o povo Brasileiro!
::2011/01/04::
Play Video
17
Stencil OPA - 17/06/2014 - Mayumi Takushi - Caixa Borboletas e Pérolas
Stencil OPA - 17/06/2014 - Mayumi Takushi - Caixa Borboletas e Pérolas
::2014/06/23::
Play Video
18
STENCIL graffiti ART
STENCIL graffiti ART
::2011/07/19::
Play Video
19
Passo a Passo: Stencil com jogo D
Passo a Passo: Stencil com jogo D'água - Mansão das Artes
::2013/06/12::
Play Video
20
Stencil na parede! + Faça seu próprio stencil!
Stencil na parede! + Faça seu próprio stencil!
::2014/01/23::
Play Video
21
Processo Completo de Criação de Stencil Multi-Camada no Adobe Photoshop
Processo Completo de Criação de Stencil Multi-Camada no Adobe Photoshop
::2013/08/22::
Play Video
22
Tutorial - STENCIL A COLOR - "De Photoshop al muro" paso a paso en español. PARTE 1
Tutorial - STENCIL A COLOR - "De Photoshop al muro" paso a paso en español. PARTE 1
::2009/08/23::
Play Video
23
Como Fazer Molde de Pintura com Radiografia - Stencil
Como Fazer Molde de Pintura com Radiografia - Stencil
::2013/02/12::
Play Video
24
STENCIL NIÑA AFRICANA 4 CAPAS
STENCIL NIÑA AFRICANA 4 CAPAS
::2012/06/09::
Play Video
25
how to make a multilayer stencil - English version
how to make a multilayer stencil - English version
::2010/11/06::
Play Video
26
EEVblog #415 - SMD Stencil Reflow Soldering Tutorial
EEVblog #415 - SMD Stencil Reflow Soldering Tutorial
::2013/01/24::
Play Video
27
stencil street art part1
stencil street art part1
::2012/12/27::
Play Video
28
MariMoon aprende fazer Stencil Art @ Acesso MTV (02/09)
MariMoon aprende fazer Stencil Art @ Acesso MTV (02/09)
::2011/09/06::
Play Video
29
SG: Buddha Shot, Stencil Art Canvas
SG: Buddha Shot, Stencil Art Canvas
::2012/06/25::
Play Video
30
More Crafter
More Crafter's Workshop Stencil Techniques
::2012/05/23::
Play Video
31
Decorare le pareti tecnica stencil
Decorare le pareti tecnica stencil
::2014/04/15::
Play Video
32
Airbrush by Wow No.423 "Ultimate Reaper Stencil Set Guns 1 of 3 " HD
Airbrush by Wow No.423 "Ultimate Reaper Stencil Set Guns 1 of 3 " HD
::2013/04/18::
Play Video
33
como hacer un stencil con detalles y materiales
como hacer un stencil con detalles y materiales
::2013/08/19::
Play Video
34
Fare uno stencil
Fare uno stencil
::2012/02/25::
Play Video
35
How to Stencil a Cookie (The Basics)
How to Stencil a Cookie (The Basics)
::2013/10/05::
Play Video
36
DIY EYEBROWS STENCIL - DRAG QUEEN
DIY EYEBROWS STENCIL - DRAG QUEEN
::2014/01/22::
Play Video
37
Stencils: How to Stencil a Kitchen Border. Wall stencils by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY decor ideas.
Stencils: How to Stencil a Kitchen Border. Wall stencils by Cutting Edge Stencils. DIY decor ideas.
::2011/08/01::
Play Video
38
How To Make A Multi Layer Stencil!
How To Make A Multi Layer Stencil!
::2014/02/27::
Play Video
39
Multilayer Stencil Tutorial - GIMP
Multilayer Stencil Tutorial - GIMP
::2014/04/13::
Play Video
40
How to Stencil a Wood Sign
How to Stencil a Wood Sign
::2014/03/27::
Play Video
41
Elf Eyebrow Stencil Tutorial/ Review
Elf Eyebrow Stencil Tutorial/ Review
::2012/10/31::
Play Video
42
Lana Del Rey Stencil Art & TKL - "Blue Zebra"
Lana Del Rey Stencil Art & TKL - "Blue Zebra"
::2012/04/01::
Play Video
43
How to Stencil Royal Icing on a Cake
How to Stencil Royal Icing on a Cake
::2014/03/27::
Play Video
44
How to Screen Print Using the Stencil Technique
How to Screen Print Using the Stencil Technique
::2011/04/08::
Play Video
45
MY eyebrow Tutorial ( Anastasia Dipbrow + Stencil)
MY eyebrow Tutorial ( Anastasia Dipbrow + Stencil)
::2014/03/08::
Play Video
46
How To Make Your Own Logo and Stencil!
How To Make Your Own Logo and Stencil!
::2013/04/26::
Play Video
47
Como hacer un stencil
Como hacer un stencil
::2013/08/28::
Play Video
48
How to Create/Design Multi-layer Graffiti Stencils (Part 1)
How to Create/Design Multi-layer Graffiti Stencils (Part 1)
::2012/04/17::
Play Video
49
ELF Eyebrow Stencil Tutorial!!!
ELF Eyebrow Stencil Tutorial!!!
::2013/06/21::
Play Video
50
How to cut out a stencil
How to cut out a stencil
::2012/04/14::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Stencil (disambiguation).
Parts of a stencil

A stencil is a thin sheet of material, such as paper, plastic, wood or metal, with letters or a design cut from it, used to produce the letters or design on an underlying surface by applying pigment through the cut-out holes in the material. The key advantage of a stencil is that it can be reused to repeatedly and rapidly produce the same letters or design. The design produced with a stencil is also called a stencil. The context in which stencil is used makes clear which meaning is intended. Although aerosol or painting stencils can be made for one-time use, typically they are made with the intention of being reused. To be reusable, they must remain intact after a design is produced and the stencil is removed from the work surface. With some designs, this is done by connecting stencil islands (sections of material that are inside cut-out "holes" in the stencil) to other parts of the stencil with bridges (narrow sections of material that are not cut out).

Stencil technique in visual art is also referred to as pochoir. A related technique (which has found applicability in some surrealist compositions) is aerography, in which spray-painting is done around a three-dimensional object to create a negative of the object instead of a positive of a stencil design. This technique was used in cave paintings dating to 10,000 BC, where human hands were used in painting hand print outlines among paintings of animals and other objects. The artist sprayed pigment around his hand by using a hollow bone, blown by mouth to direct a stream of pigment.

Screen printing also uses a stencil process, as does mimeography. The masters from which mimeographed pages are printed are often called "stencils". Stencils can be made with one or many colour layers using different techniques, with most stencils designed to be applied as solid colours. During screen printing and mimeography the images for stenciling are broken down into color layers. Multiple layers of stencils are used on the same surface to produce multi-colored images.

History[edit]

Paintings where the hand was used as a stencil, in a cave in Argentina

Stencil paintings of hands were common throughout the prehistoric period.[citation needed] Stencils may have been used to colour cloth for a very long time; the technique probably reached its peak of sophistication in Katazome and other techniques used on silks for clothes during the Edo period in Japan. In Europe, from about 1450 they were commonly used to colour old master prints printed in black and white, usually woodcuts.[citation needed] This was especially the case with playing-cards, which continued to be coloured by stencil long after most other subjects for prints were left in black and white. Stencils were used for mass publications, as the type didn't have to be hand-written.

Book illustration[edit]

Stencils were popular as a method of book illustration, and for that purpose the technique was at its height of popularity in France during the 1920s when André Marty, Jean Saudé and many other studios in Paris specialised in the technique. Low wages contributed to the popularity of the highly labour-intensive process.[1] When stencils are used in this way they are often called "pochoir". In the pochoir process, a print with the outlines of the design was produced, and a series of stencils were used through which areas of color were applied by hand to the page. To produce detail, a collotype could be produced which the colors were then stenciled over.[2] Pochoir was frequently used to create prints of intense color, and is most often associated with Art Nouveau and Art Deco design.[3][4]

Aerosol stencils[edit]

Stenciled warning sign in Singapore
"Happy 1984" — Stencil graffiti found on the Berlin Wall in 2005. The object depicted is a DualShock video game controller.
Stencil used for identification (drum case at The Allman Brothers Museum)

Aerosol stencils have many practical applications and the stencil concept is used frequently in industrial, commercial, artistic, residential and recreational settings, as well as by the military, government and infrastructure management. A template is used to create an outline for the image. Stencils templates can be made from any material which will hold its form, ranging from plain paper, cardboard, plastic sheets, metals and wood.

Official use[edit]

Stencils are frequently used by official organizations, including the military, utility companies and governments, to quickly and clearly label objects, vehicles and locations. Stencils for official application can be customized, or purchased as individual letters, numbers and symbols. This allows the user to arrange words, phrases and other labels from one set of templates, unique to the item being labeled. When objects are labeled using a single template alphabet, it makes it easier to identify their affiliation or source.

Stencil graffiti[edit]

Main article: Stencil graffiti

Stencils have also become popular for graffiti, since stencil art using spray-paint can be produced quickly and easily. These qualities are important for graffiti artists where graffiti is illegal or quasi-legal, depending on the city and stenciling surface. The extensive lettering possible with stencils makes it especially attractive to political artists. For example, the anarcho-punk band Crass used stencils of anti-war, anarchist, feminist and anti-consumerist messages in a long-term graffiti campaign around the London Underground system and on advertising billboards.[5] Also well known for their use of stencil art are Blek le Rat and Jef aerosol from France, British artist Banksy, New York artist John Fekner, world traveling artist Above, Shepard Fairey's OBEY, and Pirate & Acid from Hollywood, California.

Home stenciling[edit]

A common tradition for stencils is in home decorating and arts & crafts. Home decor stencils are an important part of the DIY (Do It Yourself) industry. There are prefabricated stencil templates available for home decoration projects from hardware stores, arts & crafts stores and through the internet. Stencils are usually applied in the home with a paint or roller brush along wall borders and as trim. They can also be applied with a painted sponge for a textured effect.

Stencil templates can be purchased or constructed individually. Typically they are constructed of flexible plastics, including acetate, mylar and vinyl. Stencils can be used as children's toys.

Military stenciling[edit]

Stencils have been used in the military across most nations for many years and continue to be used today. They are used to mark up: equipment, vehicles, rations, signposts, helmets etc. The most famous use of military stencils was the application of 'playing card' designs to USA Airborne helmets during World War Two as a method to identify regimental units.

Silk screening[edit]

Silk screening is a style of clothing manufacture, in which an ink is embedded in the cloth of the fabric. The ink is controlled through the use of a stencil, which is placed directly over the shirt. This process can only handle one colour of ink at a time. Therefore, multi colored shirts must be silk screened several times, with each interval taking time to dry.

Micro/nanostencil[edit]

Main article: Nanostencil

Stencils are also used in micro/nanotechnology, as miniature shadow masks through which material can be deposited, etched or ions implanted onto a substrate. These stencils are usually made out of thin (100-500 nm) low-stress SiN in which apertures are defined by various lithographic techniques (e. g. electron beam, photolithography).

Stencil lithography has unique advantages compared to other patterning techniques: it does not require spinning of a uniform layer of resist (therefore patterns can be created on 3D topographies) and it does not involve any heat or chemical treatment of the substrate (like baking, developing and removing the resist). Thus it allows a wide range of substrates (e.g. flexible, surface-treated) and materials (e. g. organics) to be used.

Other stencil forms[edit]

Main article: Screen printing

A stencil technique is employed in screen printing which uses a tightly woven mesh screen coated in a thin layer of emulsion to reproduce the original image. As the stencil is attached to the screen, a contiguous template is not necessary.

Main article: Airbrush

A stencil used in airbrushing called a frisket is pressed directly on the artwork. It can be used control or contain overspray, create sharp or complex shapes, but is not designed to be used more than once.

Wall stencils - to decorate walls and ceilings or create your own repeat for an overall modern wall pattern effect.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jan Juffermans (2003). Kees van Dongen: The Graphic Work Lund Humphries Publishers, ISBN 0-85331-876-X
  2. ^ David Pankow (1997). Tempting the palette. ISBN 1-933360-00-3
  3. ^ The University of Cincinnati The Art of the Pochoir Book, University of Cincinnati
  4. ^ Smithsonian Institution Vibrant Visions, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum Library
  5. ^ Crass Discography (Christ's Reality Asylum) Retrieved on November 11, 2007.

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014