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Mackinac Bridge History - World
Mackinac Bridge History - World's Super Structures Documentary Film
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: History TV Channel
Flying Over The Icy Waters Of Mackinac Straits HD
Flying Over The Icy Waters Of Mackinac Straits HD
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: Norris Seward
10 Minute Tourist: The Straits of Mackinac
10 Minute Tourist: The Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Tim Barsuhn
Boat Trip to the Straits of Mackinac
Boat Trip to the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: Dan Vaught
University of Michigan Study Details Potential Impacts of Straits of Mackinac Oil Spill
University of Michigan Study Details Potential Impacts of Straits of Mackinac Oil Spill
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: University of Michigan
Winter in the Straits of Mackinac 2015 - a bird
Winter in the Straits of Mackinac 2015 - a bird's eye view.
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: Dan Vaught
The Dirty Secret at the Bottom of the Great Lakes: Oil & Water
The Dirty Secret at the Bottom of the Great Lakes: Oil & Water
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Motherboard
Flying and Diving Tour of the Straits of Mackinac
Flying and Diving Tour of the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2009/12/28
Channel: djxatlanta
Straits of Mackinac Shipwreck Scuba Diving
Straits of Mackinac Shipwreck Scuba Diving
Published: 2016/11/27
Channel: John Hildebrand
Great Lakes Sailing - Straits of Mackinac
Great Lakes Sailing - Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2010/11/27
Channel: FarAway418
Best Wreck Diving - the Straits of Mackinac (2016)
Best Wreck Diving - the Straits of Mackinac (2016)
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Bill Marvin
The Straits of Mackinac Chicago Wreck Dive
The Straits of Mackinac Chicago Wreck Dive
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: Andy Tidy
Ancient River Canyon at the Straits of Mackinac
Ancient River Canyon at the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2009/03/09
Channel: YahooK2
The Sandusky shipwreck in the Straits of Mackinac
The Sandusky shipwreck in the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2013/08/26
Channel: Rob Knolle
Freighter Passing A Sailboat In the Straits Of Mackinac
Freighter Passing A Sailboat In the Straits Of Mackinac
Published: 2014/05/09
Channel: Tom Ursu Jr.
Shipwreck diving in the Straits of Mackinac
Shipwreck diving in the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2013/09/05
Channel: nmiwrecks
A Three Minute Tour of Line 5 Under the Straits of Mackinac
A Three Minute Tour of Line 5 Under the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Oil & Water Don't Mix: Keep Oil Out of the Great Lakes
Driving Over Mackinac Bridge, MI
Driving Over Mackinac Bridge, MI
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Robert Myrick A.K.A. - REMROB
Scuba Diving in the Straits of Mackinac August 2013
Scuba Diving in the Straits of Mackinac August 2013
Published: 2013/08/31
Channel: Rikuum87
From Above: Straits of Mackinac
From Above: Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: John Hill
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in August on South Side of Straits
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in August on South Side of Straits
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Graham Sustainability Institute
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in August in Center of Straits
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in August in Center of Straits
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Graham Sustainability Institute
Boating in the Straits of Mackinac!
Boating in the Straits of Mackinac!
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: Mitchell Bierman
Ice formations at the Straits of Mackinac
Ice formations at the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: Cheryl Schlehuber
Planned bills target oil pipeline under Straits of Mackinac
Planned bills target oil pipeline under Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: WOOD TV8
906 Hunting Company- Salmon Fishing in the Straits 2013
906 Hunting Company- Salmon Fishing in the Straits 2013
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: Tanner Flatt
Mackinac Straits Diving July 3rd 2017
Mackinac Straits Diving July 3rd 2017
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Tim Ness
Straits of Mackinac 2016
Straits of Mackinac 2016
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: Amy
Straits of Mackinac
Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2015/08/23
Channel: Clarence Tilton - Topic
Sunken Hazard - NWF Dives underwater Mackinac Pipelines
Sunken Hazard - NWF Dives underwater Mackinac Pipelines
Published: 2013/10/09
Channel: NWF Great Lakes Regional Center
BRIDGE CROSSING AT STRAITS OF MACKINAC 10/06/09
BRIDGE CROSSING AT STRAITS OF MACKINAC 10/06/09
Published: 2009/10/08
Channel: MISTEREIGHTBALL
Ms. Yooper visits the Straits of Mackinac
Ms. Yooper visits the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: Miss Yooper
Straits of Mackinac Shipwrecks - William H. Barnum & St. Andrew
Straits of Mackinac Shipwrecks - William H. Barnum & St. Andrew
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Dave Nawara
The straits of Mackinac
The straits of Mackinac
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Jeremy Hildred
Straits of Mackinac II
Straits of Mackinac II
Published: 2009/09/16
Channel: dadukdaduk
Straights of Mackinac - Wreck Dive - Lake Michigan 10.02.09
Straights of Mackinac - Wreck Dive - Lake Michigan 10.02.09
Published: 2009/10/03
Channel: Tim Schmitt
Straits of Mackinac/Lake Huron Sept, 2016
Straits of Mackinac/Lake Huron Sept, 2016
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: BenFranklinwashere
Straits of Mackinac
Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: Unruly Mustache
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in September in Center of Straits
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in September in Center of Straits
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Graham Sustainability Institute
Straits of Mackinac
Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2009/11/07
Channel: SONSHINEAtoZ
Straits Of Mackinac before sinking
Straits Of Mackinac before sinking
Published: 2011/02/16
Channel: Rick Drew
Lake Michigan Straits of Mackinac
Lake Michigan Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: Spazley
The Mackinac Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect
The Mackinac Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Amazing place To tourist World
Mackinac Straits, Michigan
Mackinac Straits, Michigan
Published: 2009/05/10
Channel: jratt2
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in Sept. on North Side of Straits
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in Sept. on North Side of Straits
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Graham Sustainability Institute
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in Sept. on South Side of Straits
Straits of Mackinac Contaminant Release Scenario: 12-Hour Release in Sept. on South Side of Straits
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Graham Sustainability Institute
The Straits of Mackinac
The Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: gardin Nome
08/21/2011 Straits of Mackinac - Diving the Cedarville
08/21/2011 Straits of Mackinac - Diving the Cedarville
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: Rikuum87
Diving the Straits of Mackinac
Diving the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2011/07/24
Channel: editorcj
Short video before I swam the Straits of Mackinac
Short video before I swam the Straits of Mackinac
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: Kellie Nightlinger
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Overhead view of the Straits of Mackinac linking Lakes Michigan (left) and Huron (right)

The Straits of Mackinac (/ˈmækɪnɔː/ MAK-in-aw) is a series of narrow waterways in the U.S. state of Michigan, between Michigan's Lower and Upper Peninsulas. The main strait flows under the Mackinac Bridge and connects two of the Great Lakes, Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. The main strait is five miles (8.0 km) wide and 20 fathoms (120 ft; 37 m) deep.[1] Hydrologically, the two connected lakes can be considered one, which is called Lake Michigan–Huron. Historically, the region around the Straits was known by the native Odawa people as Michilimackinac. The Straits of Mackinac is "whipsawed by currents unlike anywhere else in the Great Lakes."[2]

History[edit]

The Straits of Mackinac is a major shipping lane, providing passage for raw materials and finished goods and connecting, for instance, the iron mines of Minnesota to the steel mills of Gary, Indiana. Before the railroads reached Chicago from the east, most immigrants arrived in the Midwest and Great Plains by ships on the Great Lakes. The straits is five miles (8 km) wide at its narrowest point, where it is spanned by the Mackinac Bridge. Before the bridge was built, car ferries transported vehicles across the straits. Today passenger-only ferries carry people to Mackinac Island, which does not permit cars. Visitors can take their vehicles on a car ferry to Bois Blanc Island.

Islands in the Straits of Mackinac include the two populated islands, Bois Blanc and Mackinac, and two that are uninhabited: Round and St. Helena islands. At 11 miles (18 km) in length, Bois Blanc is the largest island in the straits.

Satellite photograph of icebreaker paths through the ice in the straits. The Mackinac Bridge is the vertical line in the center, connecting the landmass of the Upper Peninsula above to lower Michigan below. The icebreaker paths run right-to-left, connecting the open water of Lake Michigan with the open water of Lake Huron between Mackinac Island and Round Island.
The Straits of Mackinac, spanned by the Mackinac Bridge, seen from the southern shore

The straits are shallow and narrow enough to freeze over in the winter. Navigation is ensured for year-round shipping to the Lower Great Lakes by the use of icebreakers.

The straits were an important Native American and fur trade route. The Straits of Mackinac are named after Mackinac Island. The local Ojibwe Native Americans in the Straits of Mackinac region likened the shape of the island to that of a turtle, so they named the island Mitchimakinak, meaning "Big Turtle".[3] When the British explored the area, they shortened the name to its present form: Mackinac.[4][5]

Located on the southern side of the straits is the town of Mackinaw City, the site of Fort Michilimackinac, a reconstructed French fort founded in 1715, and on the northern side is St. Ignace, site of a French Catholic mission to the Indians, founded in 1671. The eastern end of the straits was controlled by Fort Mackinac on Mackinac Island, a British colonial and early American military base and fur trade center, founded in 1781.

Today[edit]

The straits are patrolled by a detachment of the United States Coast Guard based at Graham Point, St. Ignace. A shipping channel through the winter ice is maintained by the Coast Guard's Great Lakes icebreaker, USCGC Mackinaw, based in Cheboygan near the eastern edge of the Straits. This vessel went into service during the 2005/06 ice season.

Most of the Straits have been set aside by the state of Michigan as the Straits of Mackinac Shipwreck Preserve, a riparian public space dedicated to those personnel who were lost aboard the boats and ships that sank in these dangerous shipping lanes.

Lighthouses in the Straits of Mackinac include:

2008 panorama of the Straits from Mackinac Island

Enbridge pipeline[edit]

West of the iconic Mackinac Bridge is Enbridge's pipeline, called Enbridge Line 5, which was built in 1953 as an extension of the one thousand one hundred and fifty miles (1,850 km) Interprovincial Pipe Line Company line bringing oil from the Alberta oil sands to Lake Superior.[6] The 1953 pipeline enters the Straits of Mackinac water on the north shore at St. Ignace, Michigan and lies along the bottom of the Straits which is nearly two hundred and fifty feet (76 m) in places.[2] By 2013 Enbridge had increased the "maximum capacity on the lines to 540,000 barrels per day."[2] In selling the idea of the pipeline to residents living near the Straits, the pipeline developers claimed, it was "essential to the defense of the United States and the whole North American continent".[2] Mackinac pipes were specifically engineered to withstand the Straits’ brutal underwater environment. Even some of the company’s staunchest critics concede the twin lines, old as they may be, remain an engineering marvel."[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ " The current then divides into several navigable channels or lesser Straits, separated by Bois Blanc, Round, and Mackinac Islands, hence the plural Straits of Mackinac. Michigan and Huron: One Lake or Two?" Infoplease.com.
  2. ^ a b c d e Dan Egan (January 18, 2017), Dangerous Straits, A Journal Sentinel Special Report, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, retrieved February 11, 2017 
  3. ^ Nichols, John D.; Nyholm, Earl (1995). A Concise Dictionary of Minnesota Ojibwe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 
  4. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Mackinaw". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved March 8, 2007. 
  5. ^ Ferjutz, Kelly. "Broadcloth, Brocade and Buckskin—Return to the past on Mackinac Island". FrugalFun.com. Retrieved March 8, 2007. 
  6. ^ Flesher, John (March 3, 2014). "Submerged Enbridge Pipeline Under Michigan's Straits of Mackinac Raises Spill Fears". The Huffington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°48′50″N 84°45′00″W / 45.81389°N 84.75000°W / 45.81389; -84.75000

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