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Student Debt: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Student Debt: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: LastWeekTonight
America
America's Student Debt Crisis: Jessie's Story | Consumer Reports
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Consumer Reports
More than 75 million millennials struggling with student debt
More than 75 million millennials struggling with student debt
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: CBS Evening News
Joe Rogan Rants about Student Debt!
Joe Rogan Rants about Student Debt!
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Joe Rogan Fan Page
$217,000 in student loan debt
$217,000 in student loan debt
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Owen Walker
I Have Half a Million Dollars In Student Loan Debt!!
I Have Half a Million Dollars In Student Loan Debt!!
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: The Dave Ramsey Show
Why student debt is ‘a crisis’ for some borrowers
Why student debt is ‘a crisis’ for some borrowers
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: PBS NewsHour
$670,000 In Student Loans!
$670,000 In Student Loans!
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: The Dave Ramsey Show
How student debt will cripple the American dream. | Dusty Wunderlich | TEDxUniversityofNevada
How student debt will cripple the American dream. | Dusty Wunderlich | TEDxUniversityofNevada
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: TEDx Talks
COLLEGE CRUNCH: The Truth About Student Debt | Redonkulas.com
COLLEGE CRUNCH: The Truth About Student Debt | Redonkulas.com
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Terrence Popp
$300,000 In Student Loans - Need Advice
$300,000 In Student Loans - Need Advice
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: The Dave Ramsey Show
$500k Of Student Debt In 37 Seconds
$500k Of Student Debt In 37 Seconds
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: BuzzFeedBlue
[GE2017 Fallout] Labour Student Debt
[GE2017 Fallout] Labour Student Debt 'Bait & Switch'
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Channel Brexit
Rpt: Missing paperwork could void $5B in student loan debt
Rpt: Missing paperwork could void $5B in student loan debt
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Fox News
Rogan on Student Loan Debt
Rogan on Student Loan Debt
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Joe Rogan University - Fan Channel
$5B in student loan debt may be erased thanks to missing paper work
$5B in student loan debt may be erased thanks to missing paper work
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Fox Business
Jon Ashworth on Labour
Jon Ashworth on Labour's broken student debt promise
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Alex Wickham
Is the Student Debt System Sustainable? | The Business of Life
Is the Student Debt System Sustainable? | The Business of Life
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: VICE News
Trump Just SCREWED Millions Of Americans With Student Loan Debt
Trump Just SCREWED Millions Of Americans With Student Loan Debt
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: The Young Turks
Student Loan Debt Bubble In Danger of Collapse as Over Half of Loans in Defaul
Student Loan Debt Bubble In Danger of Collapse as Over Half of Loans in Defaul
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: The Daily Sheeple
$5B in
$5B in 'Private' Student Loan Debt May Be Forgiven
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Harvey Dent
Trillion Dollar Student Loan Debt – The Next Financial Bubble?
Trillion Dollar Student Loan Debt – The Next Financial Bubble?
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: RT America
Faces Of The Student Debt Crisis In America
Faces Of The Student Debt Crisis In America
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: AJ+
Millions of Student Loan Defaulters Have Stopped Payments
Millions of Student Loan Defaulters Have Stopped Payments
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Should Trump forgive student loan debt?
Should Trump forgive student loan debt?
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Fox Business
Have student loans become impossible to pay off?
Have student loans become impossible to pay off?
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Fox Business
Tips for paying off student loan debt
Tips for paying off student loan debt
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: CBS News
Student Loans: More Debt, More Defaults, More Problems
Student Loans: More Debt, More Defaults, More Problems
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: PBS NewsHour
225k Student Loans, What should I do?
225k Student Loans, What should I do?
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: The Dave Ramsey Show
McDonnell Back Tracks on Vow Write Off Student Debt (Full Interview)
McDonnell Back Tracks on Vow Write Off Student Debt (Full Interview)
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Philip Hunt
Is Your Student Debt Worth It?
Is Your Student Debt Worth It?
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: BuzzFeedBlue
Ben Shapiro: Government Should Do NOTHING About Student Debt (2017)
Ben Shapiro: Government Should Do NOTHING About Student Debt (2017)
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: The RIGHT Politics
Student Loan BS - My Current Situation
Student Loan BS - My Current Situation
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: The Rational Rant
The Truth About The College Student Debt Crisis
The Truth About The College Student Debt Crisis
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: Stefan Molyneux
America’s Student Debt Crisis: Marvin
America’s Student Debt Crisis: Marvin's Story | Consumer Reports
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Consumer Reports
Billions of Dollars in Student Debt May be Wiped Away Due to Missing Paperwork!
Billions of Dollars in Student Debt May be Wiped Away Due to Missing Paperwork!
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Zoon Politikon with Holly Seeliger
Huge Gender Differences in Student Debt - Sad Womble
Huge Gender Differences in Student Debt - Sad Womble
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Red Pill Wisdom
Real Talk: Student Loans Ruin My Life
Real Talk: Student Loans Ruin My Life
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Lauren Tries Everything
Scholarslip: A documentary about the student debt crisis
Scholarslip: A documentary about the student debt crisis
Published: 2012/12/31
Channel: JAT Productions
What Happens If You Don
What Happens If You Don't Pay Off Your Student Loans?
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: NowThis
How I
How I'm Paying off Six Figures of Student Debt
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: The Financial Diet
Default: the Student Loan Documentary (Broadcast Version)
Default: the Student Loan Documentary (Broadcast Version)
Published: 2013/02/17
Channel: Default The Student Loan Documentary
Voices of Debt - The Student Loan Crisis: Don
Voices of Debt - The Student Loan Crisis: Don't Major in Debt
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Michael Porte
Durbin Grills DeVos About Student Debt Crisis
Durbin Grills DeVos About Student Debt Crisis
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: SenatorDurbin
Student Loan Debt
Student Loan Debt
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Trevor
PBS Looks Into The Student Loan Problem
PBS Looks Into The Student Loan Problem
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: The Credit Care Company
How college loans exploit students for profit | Sajay Samuel
How college loans exploit students for profit | Sajay Samuel
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: TED
Years later, still paying student debt
Years later, still paying student debt
Published: 2013/06/01
Channel: CBS6 Albany
One Man
One Man's Story Proves Student Debt Can Literally Drive You Crazy
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Complex News
Research Launch: "Deeper in Debt: Women and Student Loans"
Research Launch: "Deeper in Debt: Women and Student Loans"
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: AAUW
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Student debt is a form of debt that is owed by an attending, withdrawn or graduated student to a lending institution. The lending is often of a student loan, but debts may be owed to the school if the student has dropped classes and withdrawn from the school. Withdrawing from a school, especially if a low- or no-income student has withdrawn with a failing grade, could deprive the student of the ability of further attendance by disqualifying the student of necessary financial aid. Student loans also differ in many countries in the strict laws regulating renegotiating and bankruptcy. Due payments may be a retroactive penalty for services rendered by the school to the individual, including room and board.

As with most other types of debt, student debt may be considered defaulted after a given period of non-response to requests by the school or the lender for information, payment or negotiation. At that point, the debt is turned over to a Student Loan Guarantor or a collection agency.

In the United States of America, the “Congress created a rule called the ‘Cohort Default rate’. Annually the Department of Education evaluates the proportions of students who have received student loans and have withdrawn from a college, and have a defaulted on their federal government backed loans.”[citation needed] If that nonpayment (default) rate is too high, the college will be refused the privilege of having government financial aid available to their students. According to Adam Looney, and Constantine Yannelis with the Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, in 2011, “borrowers at for-profit and 2-year institutions represented almost half of student-loan borrowers leaving school and starting to repay loans, and accounted for 70 percent of student loan defaults." [1] This rule was an instantaneous achievement, ‘there were more than fifteen hundred for profit colleges were pushed out of the system’. Colleges have to change their funding habits to get in line with the government guidelines. Many colleges are continuously forced to lower their nonpayment rates, down.” The number of defaulters has not changed, it is just the way the government tracks them.[2]

With the assistance of the Debt Collective, thousands of students have been afforded debt relief through "defense to repayment".[3][4]

History[edit]

Many factors are accountable for of student debt. The growing problem of student debt has become more prominent in the past decade, inspiring numerous documentaries that examine the causes and effects. One factor is due to the new guidelines developed by the federal government. There are now new rules deciding who can borrow, as well as how much debt they can take on.[5] Colleges and universities have been increasing the costs for students to attend their schools subsequently increasing the amount of debt these students take on as student loans. Reports have shown that borrowers who finished college in the early 1990s were able to maintain managing their student loans without an enormous burden.[5] The average debt has increased 58% since over the past seven years. It has risen from $17,233 in 2005 to $27,253 in the United States.[6] Some blame the economy for the debt increases, but in the same 7-year period credit card debt and auto debt have decreased.[6] According to the Student Debt Crisis, within the past three decades the cost of attaining a college degree has drastically increased by more than 1,000 percent.[7] If student debt had stayed constant with inflation since 1992, graduates would not be facing such burdens by student loans.[5]

Statistics[edit]

United States[edit]

Student loan debt rose from $480.1 billion (3.5% GDP) in Q1 2006 to $1,397.3 billion (7.5% GDP) in Q3 2016.
Distribution of student loan debt in the U.S.

The Economist reported in June 2014 that U.S. student loan debt exceeded $1.2 trillion, with over 7 million debtors in default. In 2014, there was approximately $1.3 trillion of outstanding student loan debt in the U.S. that affected 44 million borrowers who had an average outstanding loan balance of $37,172.[8]

Public universities increased their fees by a total of 27% over the five years ending in 2012, or 20% adjusted for inflation. Public university students paid an average of almost $8,400 annually for in-state tuition, with out-of-state students paying more than $19,000. For two decades ending in 2012, college costs rose 1.6% more than inflation each year. Government funding per student fell 27% between 2007 and 2012. Student enrollments rose from 15.2 million in 1999 to 20.4 million in 2011, but fell 2% in 2012.[9][10] Bloomberg reported in July 2014 that: "The biggest growth in the program came in the past decade, as student debt rose an average of 14 percent a year, to $966 billion in 2012 from $364 billion in 2004, according to New York Fed data."[11]

There were around 37 million student loan borrowers with outstanding student loans in 2013. According to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, outstanding student loan debt in the United States lies between $902 Billion and $1 Trillion with around $864 Billion in Federal student loan debt.[12] As of Quarter 1 in 2012, the average student loan balance for all age groups is $24,301.[12] About one-quarter of borrowers owe more than $28,000; 10% of borrowers owe more than $54,000; 3% owe more than $100,000; and less than 1%, or 167,000 people, owe more than $200,000.[12] Of the 37 million borrowers who have outstanding student loan balances, 14%, or about 5.4 million borrowers, have at least one past due student loan account.[12] For every student loan borrower who defaults, at least two more borrowers become delinquent without default.[12] In 2010 for the first time ever, student loan debt exceeded credit card debt and in 2011 student debt surpassed auto loans (both of which were decreasing).[13] According to Mark Kantrowitz, publisher of FinAid.org, student loan debt is growing by $3,000 per second.[13] According to a report by The Institute for College Access and Success the average debt from those who graduated in 2013 topped $30,000 in six states and was only below $20,000 in one state.[14] Data released by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York showed that in the fourth quarter of 2014 delinquency rates for students dipped to the point where approximately one in nine student loans is past due.[15] As of 2015 over half of outstanding student loans are in deferral, delinquency or default.[16] Rising student loan debt is exacerbating wealth inequality.[17]

Student loan borrowers that attended a for profit, and two year community colleges, in comparison, earn low annual salaries; an average of $22,000 for people withdrawing from schools as of 2010. this means that these people have troubles paying back their loans. The new evidence is reliable with the previous data. For example, the statistics presenting that default rates are essentially lower within the demographic of borrowers with large loans than within borrowers with small loans. However, the new evidence which goes back twenty years, shows how much the scenery of borrowing has changed. currently, most borrowers are older and attended a for profit or two year community college. about ten years ago, the standard borrower was an established student at a four-year university.[18]

In recent years, tuition has been rising due to the cuts of government funding in education. As an example, more specifically, the University of Pittsburgh has had an increase in tuition of 3.9 percent for the academic school year of 2014-15. In recent weeks, the U.S. Department of Education ranked Pitt as the most expensive public university for tuition and fees, just ahead of Penn State University, which this past year totaled $16,240 in the arts and science school.[19]

In 2005, the difference in median annual income between those with a bachelor's degree vs. those with a high school diploma was $16,638, though this varies considerably by field of study.[20]

Canada[edit]

Canadians have been experiencing the rapid accumulation of student loans as well. As of September 2012, the average debt for a Canadian leaving University was 28,000 Canadian dollars, and that accumulated debt takes an average of 14 years to fully repay based on an average starting salary of $39,523.[21] As a nation, Canadians have accumulated more than $15 billion of student loan debt, while Canadians continue to fight to protect their tuition rates from further skyrocketing.[22]

United Kingdom[edit]

There is concern about the level of student debt in the United Kingdom. There is also concern about possible changes in government policy forcing graduates to pay back more.[23] Andrew Adonis claims most student loans will never be repaid, Adonis also maintains university leaders failed to improve teaching standards but rewarded themselves handsomely with high salaries. The Institute for Fiscal Studies maintains three quarters of graduates will never repay all their debts. Andrew McGettigan, loans system expert said, “Until the government removes their right to retrospectively change terms, then you as a borrower appear to be on the hook to future policy changes.[24] Sebastian Burnside NatWest economist, said student debt was rising faster than all other types of debt, he said, “These latest figures show student debt is becoming of greater priority with every passing year. Student debt is the fastest growing type of borrowing and is rapidly becoming economically significant.”[25]

Social and political reactions[edit]

The growing problem of student debt has caused many reactions from young people throughout the United States. As a result, the Occupy Colleges and Occupy Student Debt movements merged in 2012 in an effort to gain support from students around the country.[26] There have been significant efforts made via social media for the Occupy Student Debt campaign. In particular, students all over the United States have posted their personal student debt testimonies.[27] Since last October, Occupy Student Debt has provided a platform for over 800 students to share their horror stories.[26] Because of this, other organizations such as, Rebuild the Dream, Education Trust, and the Young Invincibles, have joined in the effort and started similar platforms. The Occupy College movement itself has staged over 10 direct actions.[26][28] They have also gathered over 31,000 signatures on the White House’s petition site, “We the People”. As a result, President Obama announced the Pay as you Earn initiative. Another petition, titled 'Support the Student Loan Forgiveness Act of 2012' on MoveOn.org, which seeks similar relief for student borrowers, has gotten over one million signatures.[29][30][31] HR 4170: “The Student Loan Forgiveness Act of 2012” would give relief to borrowers with both federal and private student loans.[32] HR 4170 also includes the “10-10” programs, which allows borrowers to pay 10% of their discretionary income for ten years with the remaining balance forgiven afterwards.[32]

In April 2012, student loan debt reached US$1 trillion.[33] Severity of the student debt burden represents such a threat to the middle class that some have demanded a general bailout.[34][35] Anthropologist David Graeber, author of Debt: The First 5000 Years, argues that student debt is "destroying the imagination of youth":

If there’s a way of a society committing mass suicide, what better way than to take all the youngest, most energetic, creative, joyous people in your society and saddle them with, like $50,000 of debt so they have to be slaves? There goes your music. There goes your culture. There goes everything new that would pop out. And in a way, this is what’s happened to our society. We’re a society that has lost any ability to incorporate the interesting, creative and eccentric people.[36]

In 2014, a Chilean activist, artist Francisco Tapia, known as "Papas Fritas" (French Fries) "burned $500 million worth of debt papers" from Viña del Mar University, and displayed the ashes in a van as an art project. "The University was being shut down due to financial irregularities. 'It is a concrete fact that the papers were burned. They are gone, burned completely, and there’s no debt,' said Papas Fritas in his first U.S. broadcast interview. 'Since these papers don’t exist anymore, there’s no way to charge the students.'[37]

On November 12, 2015, students organized rallies at more than 100 college campuses across the United States to protest crippling student loan debt and to advocate for tuition-free higher education at public colleges and universities. The demonstrations took place just days after fast food workers went on strike for a minimum wage of $15 an hour and union rights.[38]

In 2015, Central Saint Martins student Brooke Purvis announced that he would burn his student loan as a form of protest art, raising awareness about student debt. It is argued the art work addresses the subject matter of the materialism of money and brings to light the political issues of the U.K student loan system.[39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][46][47]

Leon Botstein, president of Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y., contends that the next president elected in 2016 should push for all outstanding student loan debt to be forgiven.[48]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A crisis in student loans? How changes in the characteristics of borrowers and in the institutions they attended contributed to rising loan defaults". The Brookings Institution. Retrieved 2015-12-11. 
  2. ^ Carey, Kevin (2015-10-07). "Student Debt Is Worse Than You Think". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-12-11. 
  3. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/09/education/us-to-forgive-federal-loans-of-corinthian-college-students.html?_r=0
  4. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/04/education/for-profit-colleges-face-a-loan-strike-by-thousands-claiming-trickery.html
  5. ^ a b c http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2006/07/06/debt
  6. ^ a b Touryalai, Halah. "Student Loan Increase". Forbes. Forbes. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/higher-education/report/2012/10/25/42905/the-student-debt-crisis/
  8. ^ "Student Loan Debt Statistics for 2017". Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  9. ^ The Economist-Creative destruction-June 28, 2014
  10. ^ The Economist-The digital degree-June 28, 2014
  11. ^ Bloomberg-Student Debt-July 2014
  12. ^ a b c d e "Student Loan Debt Statistics". American Student Assistance. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "Student Loans: Debt for Life". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  14. ^ The Institute for College Access and Success http://ticas.org/content/pub/average-debt-2013-grads-tops-30k-6-states-only-1-below-20k-0
  15. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of New York http://www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/news/research/2015/rp150217.html
  16. ^ Chuck Collins (March 13, 2015). The Student Debt Time Bomb. Moyers & Company. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  17. ^ Carolyn Thompson (March 27, 2014). $1 trillion student loan debt widens US wealth gap. Associated Press. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  18. ^ Dynarski, Susan (2015-09-10). "New Data Gives Clearer Picture of Student Debt". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-12-11. 
  19. ^ http://www.post-gazette.com/news/education/2014/07/18/University-of-Pittsburgh-spproves-3-9-percent-tuition-increase/stories/201407180160
  20. ^ Source: US Census Bureau. See charts at Income in the United States.
  21. ^ "Student debt: Average payback takes 14 years". Financial Post. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  22. ^ "Canadian Federation of Students". Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  23. ^ Could tuition fees really cost £54,000? BBC
  24. ^ Tuition fees should be scrapped, says 'architect' of fees Andrew Adonis The Guardian
  25. ^ UK student loan debt soars to more than £100bn The Guardian
  26. ^ a b c Abrams, Natalia. "Occupy Colleges and Occupy Student Debt Join Forces". Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  27. ^ "Occupy Student Debt". 
  28. ^ Goodman, Amy (2011-11-29). "Occupy Student Debt: Students Urged to Refuse to Pay Off Loans as Schools Hike Tuition". Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  29. ^ Kristof, Gregory (15 June 2012). "Hansen Clarke's Student Loan Forgiveness Act Finds Big Support Online". Huffington Post. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  30. ^ Hopkins, Katy. "1 Million People Show Support for Student Loan Forgiveness Act". Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  31. ^ Park, Minjae. [http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/college_guide/blog/fix_the_economy_forgive_studen.php / "Fix the Economy, Forgive Student Debt"] Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 25 June 2013.  line feed character in |url= at position 87 (help)
  32. ^ a b Applebaum, Robert. "HR 4170 : The Student Loan Forgiveness Act of 2012". Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  33. ^ Goodman, Amy (2012-04-25). "1T Day: As U.S. Student Debt Hits $1 Trillion, Occupy Protests Planned for Campuses Nationwide". Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  34. ^ Hickman, John. "Writing off a Generation". Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  35. ^ Goodman, Amy (2013-07-03). "Failure to Stop Doubling of Student Loan Rates Sparks Call to Tackle "Systemic" Debt Crisis". Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  36. ^ David Graeber: ‘There Has Been a War on the Human Imagination’. Truthdig. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  37. ^ Goodman, Amy (2014-05-23). "Exclusive: Chilean Robin Hood? Artist Known as "Papas Fritas" on Burning $500M Worth of Student Debt". Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  38. ^ Students across US march over debt, free public college. Al Jazeera America. November 12, 2015.
  39. ^ "everything-burns" http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2015/10/29/meet-student-brooke-purvis-whos-burning-his-student-loan_n_8420028.html
  40. ^ Aftab Ali (30 October 2015). "Central Saint Martins artist, Brooke Purvis, to set fire to his student loan in protest against capitalism". The Independent. 
  41. ^ "everything-burns" http://www.theplaidzebra.com/this-british-art-student-is-burning-his-student-loan-to-make-a-valuable-point-about-money/
  42. ^ [1]
  43. ^ "Artist Brooke Purvis is burning his student loan in a protest against money - Metro News". Metro. 
  44. ^ Kirstie McCrum (3 November 2015). "Man to burn his entire student loan as a protest in the name of art". mirror. 
  45. ^ Cait Munro (28 October 2015). "Art Student Burns Student Loan - artnet News". artnet News. 
  46. ^ a b "Meeting the Man Who Plans to Set His Entire Student Loan On Fire". VICE. 
  47. ^ http://thetab.com/2015/10/29/the-guy-burning-his-entire-student-loan-doesnt-deserve-your-attention-59961 http://thetab.com/2015/10/29/the-guy-burning-his-entire-student-loan-doesnt-deserve-your-attention-59961.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  48. ^ Why the Next President Should Forgive All Student Loans. Time. Aug. 12, 2016.

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