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The History and Philosophy of Students for Free Culture
The History and Philosophy of Students for Free Culture
Published: 2011/06/15
Channel: Assenti Presenti
Do College Students Hate Free Speech? Let
Do College Students Hate Free Speech? Let's Ask Them.
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: ReasonTV
Students for Free Culture
Students for Free Culture
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: WikiAudio
Professor Lawrence Lessig
Professor Lawrence Lessig's Final Free Culture Lecture
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: rreeddppeenn
What is FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT? What does FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT mean? FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT meaning
What is FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT? What does FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT mean? FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT meaning
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: The Audiopedia
Preparing students for the culture of college | JoAnn Myers | TEDxABQED
Preparing students for the culture of college | JoAnn Myers | TEDxABQED
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: TEDx Talks
What the Internet
What the Internet's free culture has cost us in art
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Students for Free Culture
Students for Free Culture
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Search Engine
What is "Free Culture"?
What is "Free Culture"?
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: Terry Hancock
Tips for international students to get involved in American culture
Tips for international students to get involved in American culture
Published: 2013/10/02
Channel: 7C Lingo
William Fisher, Copyright Spring 2013: Special Event 5, Free Culture
William Fisher, Copyright Spring 2013: Special Event 5, Free Culture
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society
Could copyright-free culture revolutionise journalism?
Could copyright-free culture revolutionise journalism?
Published: 2012/10/17
Channel: AFP news agency
Culture Shock and European Students Studying in the United States
Culture Shock and European Students Studying in the United States
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: That Mental Health Guy
Free Culture @ Columbia: RIAA Takedown
Free Culture @ Columbia: RIAA Takedown
Published: 2007/03/31
Channel: freeculturecolumbia
Who Inspires Students? Pop Culture vs. Government Programs
Who Inspires Students? Pop Culture vs. Government Programs
Published: 2012/02/19
Channel: ThinkTank
Free as in Sexist? The Gender Gap in Free Culture - A Lecture by Joseph Reagle
Free as in Sexist? The Gender Gap in Free Culture - A Lecture by Joseph Reagle
Published: 2013/02/23
Channel: communicationplusone
Free Culture
Free Culture
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: Sergio Rico
Free Culture Remix
Free Culture Remix
Published: 2007/02/22
Channel: ayton16
How our competitive culture affects our students | Anna Farrell | TEDxWorthingtonED
How our competitive culture affects our students | Anna Farrell | TEDxWorthingtonED
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: TEDx Talks
LSU students celebrate Hispanic culture in Free Speech Plaza
LSU students celebrate Hispanic culture in Free Speech Plaza
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: The Daily Reveille
International Students Share About Culture Shock and Cultural Differences
International Students Share About Culture Shock and Cultural Differences
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Face The World Foundation
Free Culture II - Conflict
Free Culture II - Conflict
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: Wikimania London
Every High School Principal Should Say This
Every High School Principal Should Say This
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: PragerU
TED Talk: Johanna Blakley, Lessons from Fashion
TED Talk: Johanna Blakley, Lessons from Fashion's Free Culture
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: Innovation Core
College Students on the Entitlement Culture | The Daily Signal
College Students on the Entitlement Culture | The Daily Signal
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: The Daily Signal
CUT Students say “NO MORE!” to Rape Culture
CUT Students say “NO MORE!” to Rape Culture
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: OFM News
Professor Lawrence Lessig talks about students
Professor Lawrence Lessig talks about students' sense of entitlement
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: Core Education
CULTURE Bill Maher BLASTS Emory Students Over Trump Whining, “I Want To Dropkick These Kids”
CULTURE Bill Maher BLASTS Emory Students Over Trump Whining, “I Want To Dropkick These Kids”
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: BILL FULL REVIEW
Aaron Swartz and the Rise of Free Culture on the Internet
Aaron Swartz and the Rise of Free Culture on the Internet
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: WGBHForum
Students immersed in Chinese culture
Students immersed in Chinese culture
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: CNN
Is the reading culture of African students falling?
Is the reading culture of African students falling?
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Elabor BizTV
School Principal: Culture Shift Helped Students
School Principal: Culture Shift Helped Students
Published: 2011/11/11
Channel: SAS Software
CULTURE SHOCK IN THE US
CULTURE SHOCK IN THE US
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: SONJABUENO
School Lunch in Japan - It
School Lunch in Japan - It's Not Just About Eating!
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: CafCu Media
Susan Crawford - The Big Squeeze: The Looming Cable Monopoly
Susan Crawford - The Big Squeeze: The Looming Cable Monopoly
Published: 2011/03/21
Channel: Punkcast
Students Learn Costa Rican Culture
Students Learn Costa Rican Culture
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: Lauren Stebelton
Jimmy Wales FFC Talk at UF
Jimmy Wales FFC Talk at UF
Published: 2014/01/03
Channel: Lora Denator
Mariachi teaches students culture and church
Mariachi teaches students culture and church
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Catholic News Service
Free Download Spanish Culture Puzzles Cultural Word Games for Intermediate Students Black line Maste
Free Download Spanish Culture Puzzles Cultural Word Games for Intermediate Students Black line Maste
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: J Gloria
"Free Culture" Revolution
"Free Culture" Revolution
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: GOD equals 3
Staff and Students Get a Taste of Sikh Culture at Leicester College
Staff and Students Get a Taste of Sikh Culture at Leicester College
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: Pukaarnews
Cultures, Subcultures, and Countercultures: Crash Course Sociology #11
Cultures, Subcultures, and Countercultures: Crash Course Sociology #11
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: CrashCourse
UM Arabic classes bring students together for culture, opportunity
UM Arabic classes bring students together for culture, opportunity
Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: Dennis Bragg
Student Engagement & Motivation Strategies & Tips.wmv
Student Engagement & Motivation Strategies & Tips.wmv
Published: 2011/06/11
Channel: Smartatmath
Rape culture on campus - Wits students speak out
Rape culture on campus - Wits students speak out
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Eyewitness News
Creating a stigma free culture in Fishers
Creating a stigma free culture in Fishers
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: RTV6 The Indy Channel
University needs students, staff and faculty to make Values & Culture Survey a success
University needs students, staff and faculty to make Values & Culture Survey a success
Published: 2013/11/04
Channel: Penn State University
26 personas para salvar el mundo. Fragmento No. 5
26 personas para salvar el mundo. Fragmento No. 5
Published: 2012/05/23
Channel: Jaime Hurtado
Culture Flow highlights talents of high school students
Culture Flow highlights talents of high school students
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: KTNV Channel 13 Las Vegas
Archiculture: a documentary film that explores the architectural studio (full 25 min film)
Archiculture: a documentary film that explores the architectural studio (full 25 min film)
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: Arbuckle Industries
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Students for Free Culture
Free Culture dot org logo.png
Mission Promoting free culture among secondary education students and young people.[1]
Website freeculture.org

Students for Free Culture, formerly known as FreeCulture.org, is an international student organization working to promote free culture ideals, such as cultural participation and access to information. It was inspired by the work of former Stanford, now Harvard, law professor Lawrence Lessig, who wrote the book Free Culture, and it frequently collaborates with other prominent free culture NGOs, including Creative Commons, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and Public Knowledge. Students for Free Culture has over 30 chapters on college campuses around the world,[2] and a history of grassroots activism.

Students for Free Culture is sometimes referred to as "FreeCulture", "the Free Culture Movement", and other variations on the "free culture" theme, but none of those are its official name. It is officially Students for Free Culture, as set for in the new bylaws that were ratified by its chapters on October 1, 2007, which changed its name from FreeCulture.org to Students for Free Culture.[3]

Goals[edit]

Students for Free Culture has stated its goals in a "manifesto":

The mission of the Free Culture movement is to build a bottom-up, participatory structure to society and culture, rather than a top-down, closed, proprietary structure. Through the democratizing power of digital technology and the Internet, we can place the tools of creation and distribution, communication and collaboration, teaching and learning into the hands of the common person -- and with a truly active, connected, informed citizenry, injustice and oppression will slowly but surely vanish from the earth.[4]

It has yet to publish a more "official" mission statement, but some of its goals are:

  • decentralization of creativity—getting ordinary people and communities involved with art, science, journalism and other creative industries, especially through new technologies
  • reforming copyright, patent, and trademark law in the public interest, ensuring that new creators are not stifled by old creators
  • making important information available to the public

Purpose[edit]

According to its website,[5] Students for Free Culture has four main functions within the free culture movement:

  • Creating and providing resources for its chapters and for the general public
  • Outreach to youth and students
  • Networking with other people, companies and organizations in the free culture movement
  • Issue advocacy on behalf of its members

History[edit]

Initial stirrings at Swarthmore College[edit]

Students for Free Culture had its origins in the Swarthmore Coalition for the Digital Commons (SCDC), a student group at Swarthmore College. The SCDC was founded in 2003 by students Luke Smith and Nelson Pavlosky, and was originally focused on issues related to free software, digital restrictions management, and treacherous computing, inspired largely by the Free Software Foundation.[6] After watching Lawrence Lessig's OSCON 2002 speech entitled "free culture"[7] however, they expanded the club's scope to cover cultural participation in general (rather than just in the world of software and computers), and began tackling issues such as copyright reform. In September of 2004, SCDC was renamed Free Culture Swarthmore, laying the groundwork for Students for Free Culture and making it the first existing chapter.

OPG v. Diebold case[edit]

Within a couple of months of founding the SCDC, Smith and Pavlosky became embroiled in the controversy surrounding Diebold Election Systems (now Premier Election Solutions), a voting machine manufacturer accused of making bug-ridden and insecure electronic voting machines. The SCDC had been concerned about electronic voting machines using proprietary software rather than open source software, and kept an eye on the situation. Their alarm grew when a copy of Diebold's internal e-mail archives leaked onto the Internet, revealing questionable practices at Diebold and possible flaws with Diebold's machines, and they were spurred into action when Diebold began sending legal threats to voting activists who posted the e-mails on their websites. Diebold was claiming that the e-mails were their copyrighted material, and that anyone who posted these e-mails online was infringing upon their intellectual property. The SCDC posted the e-mail archive on its website and prepared for the inevitable legal threats.

Diebold sent takedown notices under the DMCA to the SCDC's ISP, Swarthmore College. Swarthmore took down the SCDC website, and the SCDC co-founders sought legal representation.[8] They contacted the Electronic Frontier Foundation for help, and discovered that they had an opportunity to sign on to an existing lawsuit against Diebold, OPG v. Diebold, with co-plaintiffs from a non-profit ISP called the Online Policy Group who had also received legal threats from Diebold. With pro bono legal representation from EFF and the Stanford Cyberlaw Clinic, they sued Diebold for abusing copyright law to suppress freedom of speech online. After a year of legal battles, the judge ruled that posting the e-mails online was a fair use, and that Diebold had violated the DMCA by misrepresenting their copyright claims over the e-mails.

The network of contacts that Smith and Pavlosky built during the lawsuit, including dozens of students around the country who had also hosted the Diebold memos on their websites, gave them momentum they needed to found an international student movement based on the same free culture principles as the SCDC. They purchased the domain name Freeculture.org and began building a website, while contacting student activists at other schools who could help them start the organization.

FreeCulture.org launching at Swarthmore[edit]

On April 23, 2004, Smith and Pavlosky announced the official launch of FreeCulture.org,[9] in an event at Swarthmore College featuring Lawrence Lessig as the keynote speaker[10][11] (Lessig had released his book Free Culture less than a month beforehand.) The SCDC became the first Freeculture.org chapter (beginning the process of changing its name to Free Culture Swarthmore), and students from other schools in the area who attended the launch went on to found chapters on their campuses, including Bryn Mawr College and Franklin and Marshall.[12]

Internet campaigns[edit]

FreeCulture.org began by launching a number of internet campaigns, in an attempt to raise its profile and bring itself to the attention of college students. These have covered issues ranging from defending artistic freedom (Barbie in a Blender) to fighting the Induce Act (Save The iPod), from celebrating Creative Commons licenses and the public domain (Undead Art) to opposing business method patents (Cereal Solidarity). While these one-shot websites succeeded in attracting attention from the press and encouraged students to get involved, they didn't directly help the local chapters, and the organization now concentrates less on web campaigns than it did in the past. However, their recent Down With DRM video contest was a successful "viral video" campaign against DRM, and internet campaigns remain an important tool in free culture activism.

Increased emphasis on local chapters[edit]

Today[when?] the organization focuses on providing services to its local campus chapters, including web services such as mailing lists and wikis, pamphlets and materials for tabling, and organizing conferences where chapter members can meet up. Active chapters are located at schools such as New York University (NYU), Harvard, MIT, Fordham Law, Dartmouth, University of Florida, Swarthmore, USC, Emory, Reed, and Yale.

The NYU chapter made headlines when it began protesting outside of record stores against DRM on CDs during the Sony rootkit scandal,[13] resulting in similar protests around New York and Philadelphia.[14]

In 2008, the MIT chapter developed and released YouTomb, a website to track videos removed by DMCA takedown from YouTube.[15]

Other activities at local chapters include:

Structure[edit]

Students for Free Culture began as a loose confederation of student groups on different campuses, but it has been moving towards becoming an official tax-exempt non-profit.

With the passage of official bylaws, Students for Free Culture now has a clear governance structure which makes it accountable to its chapters. The supreme decision-making body is the Board of Directors, which is elected once a year by the chapters, using a Schulze method for voting. It is meant to make long-term, high-level decisions, and should not meddle excessively in lower-level decisions. Practical everyday decisions will be made by the Core team, composed of any students who are members of chapters and meet the attendance requirements. Really low-level decisions and minutiae will be handled by a coordinator, who ideally will be a paid employee of the organization, and other volunteers and assistants. A new board of directors was elected in February 2008,[25] and a new Core Team was assembled shortly thereafter. There is no coordinator yet.[when?]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Students for Free Culture » About. URL:http://freeculture.org/about/. Accessed: 2011-12-04. (Archived by WebCite® at https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Ffreeculture.org%2Fabout%2F&date=2011-12-04)
  2. ^ FreeCulture.org, Students for Free Culture chapters
  3. ^ FreeCulture.org, Students for Free Culture's new bylaws
  4. ^ FreeCulture.org, Free Culture manifesto
  5. ^ FreeCulture.org, About Students for Free Culture
  6. ^ SwarthMore.edu, "New group to fight RIAA, Microsoft" from the Swarthmore Phoenix,
  7. ^ Lessig, Lawrence. "FreeCulture.org crosses 13 - Lessig". Retrieved June 25, 2016. 
  8. ^ "File Sharing Pits Copyright Against Free Speech". The New York Times. 3 November 2003. Retrieved June 25, 2016. 
  9. ^ FreeCulture.org, Students for Free Culture blog: Official Launch
  10. ^ Nelson Pavlosky (1 January 2004). "Lessig speaks at Swarthmore". Retrieved June 25, 2016 – via Internet Archive. 
  11. ^ LegalAffairs.org, Legal Affairs article on the launch
  12. ^ Wired.com, Wired News - "Students Fight Copyright Hoarders"
  13. ^ "USATODAY.com - Firestorm rages over lockdown on digital music". Retrieved June 25, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Copy Cats", PhiladelphiaWeekly.com
  15. ^ Guo, Jeff. "YouTomb Takes Stock of YouTube Takedowns". Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  16. ^ FreeCultureNYU.org, NYU's CC art show
  17. ^ SharingIsDaring.org, "Sharing is Daring" CC art show at Harvard
  18. ^ FreeCulture.org, Santa Cruz "face to face peer to peer" flashmob
  19. ^ FreeCultureNYU.org, NYU's Film Remix 2006
  20. ^ BoingBoing.net, USC FC NOTLD speed remix contest
  21. ^ Business.NewsForge.com, Newsforge - Liberating iPods in Cambridge
  22. ^ "銀座カラー横浜エスト店|お得なキャンペーンで脱毛リリース!". Retrieved June 25, 2016. 
  23. ^ ThePhoenix.com, Boston Phoenix, Antenna Alliance Offers Free Studio Time
  24. ^ FreeCulture.org, FreeCulture Taking Action on Open Access
  25. ^ FreeCulture.org, Spring 2008 Board Election results

External links[edit]

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