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Arctic and Subarctic
Arctic and Subarctic
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Maggie Martens
Canadian Subarctic Peoples
Canadian Subarctic Peoples
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: Xotiq
Subarctic Climate Project
Subarctic Climate Project
Published: 2014/01/14
Channel: Soundlessvoid
Winter Camping: "Sub-Arctic Winter Bivouacking" 1955 US Army Training Film
Winter Camping: "Sub-Arctic Winter Bivouacking" 1955 US Army Training Film
Published: 2012/09/09
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Subarctic Lake Filled with Life!
Subarctic Lake Filled with Life!
Published: 2013/07/08
Channel: SourceFed
Homeless People in Canada
Homeless People in Canada's Subarctic
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: Riflechair
Subarctic climate
Subarctic climate
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: Audiopedia
Cities Skylines - What Map - Map Review 158 - Subarctic Valley
Cities Skylines - What Map - Map Review 158 - Subarctic Valley
Published: 2017/10/23
Channel: BonBonB
Subarctic Nocturnes: Doomed to Be [Volume I: 2015] FULL ALBUM
Subarctic Nocturnes: Doomed to Be [Volume I: 2015] FULL ALBUM
Published: 2015/02/15
Channel: hypnoticdirgerecords
Subarctic intro
Subarctic intro
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: theoverengineer
What is SUBARCTIC CLIMATE? What does SUBARCTIC CLIMATE mean? SUBARCTIC CLIMATE meaning & explanation
What is SUBARCTIC CLIMATE? What does SUBARCTIC CLIMATE mean? SUBARCTIC CLIMATE meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: The Audiopedia
The Curious Gardener  Ep 16  Soil and the Subarctic Garden
The Curious Gardener Ep 16 Soil and the Subarctic Garden
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: The Curious Gardener
All Along the Norwegian Sea: Tales from the sub-Arctic and Arctic Islands
All Along the Norwegian Sea: Tales from the sub-Arctic and Arctic Islands
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: QuarkExpeditions
subarctic indians
subarctic indians
Published: 2011/10/04
Channel: fredericHistory101
Eiteljorg Museum Arctic and Subarctic
Eiteljorg Museum Arctic and Subarctic
Published: 2008/01/27
Channel: angelica14709
Growing Passion Fruit in a Subarctic climate!
Growing Passion Fruit in a Subarctic climate!
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Growing Effects
Soldiers train in subarctic, high Arctic
Soldiers train in subarctic, high Arctic
Published: 2009/05/05
Channel: Canadian Army
D8 Lesson 8 Native Americans of the Arctic/ Subarctic
D8 Lesson 8 Native Americans of the Arctic/ Subarctic
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Ms. Bosch
Ascorbite - Subarctic (Original Mix) [Corseque Records]
Ascorbite - Subarctic (Original Mix) [Corseque Records]
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: Corseque Records
Sub-Arctic Trickery
Sub-Arctic Trickery
Published: 2015/11/08
Channel: Ninjaspy - Topic
Force Majeure - Subarctic Showdown
Force Majeure - Subarctic Showdown
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Unknown Power Metal YT
Fast As Fuck - Sub Arctic
Fast As Fuck - Sub Arctic
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: olliehindley
Subarctic Summer: Churchill (HD)
Subarctic Summer: Churchill (HD)
Published: 2011/08/01
Channel: andysj531
Northern exposure -- 3 lessons from the subarctic | Kylie de Chastelain | TEDxMountAllisonUniversity
Northern exposure -- 3 lessons from the subarctic | Kylie de Chastelain | TEDxMountAllisonUniversity
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: TEDx Talks
New Technopark “Kvantorium” Opened in Russian Subarctic for Gifted Children
New Technopark “Kvantorium” Opened in Russian Subarctic for Gifted Children
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: Vesti News
Subarctic Climate and Canada
Subarctic Climate and Canada
Published: 2013/05/17
Channel: Ella Roth
Ninjaspy - Pi Nature - Sub-Arctic Trickery + Lyrics
Ninjaspy - Pi Nature - Sub-Arctic Trickery + Lyrics
Published: 2008/07/16
Channel: shakgriig
NWTAA SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE 02:  ARCHITECTURAL LEXICON FOR THE ARCTIC Wayne Guy
NWTAA SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE 02: ARCHITECTURAL LEXICON FOR THE ARCTIC Wayne Guy
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: George Lessard
NWTAA
NWTAA's LIVING SMALL – Tiny Homes in the Subarctic - Part One
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: George Lessard
NWTAA
NWTAA's LIVING SMALL – Part TWO – 3 Tiny Home Designs from the Subarctic
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: George Lessard
SUB-ARCTIC WINTER BIVOUACKING
SUB-ARCTIC WINTER BIVOUACKING
Published: 2010/06/06
Channel: PublicResourceOrg
Come On Home - Subarctic
Come On Home - Subarctic
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: cerespineapple
Corners of Nowhere - Subarctic Bhairavi
Corners of Nowhere - Subarctic Bhairavi
Published: 2014/05/24
Channel: John Price
Winter Cycling in the subarctic city of Yellowknife
Winter Cycling in the subarctic city of Yellowknife
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Tom Babin
What Kind Of Animals Live In The Subarctic?
What Kind Of Animals Live In The Subarctic?
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Obu Obu
What Kind Of Vegetation Is In The Subarctic?
What Kind Of Vegetation Is In The Subarctic?
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Obu Obu
From Island to Subarctic Populations: What Role Do Vectors Play?
From Island to Subarctic Populations: What Role Do Vectors Play?
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: Entomological Society of America
What Is The Subarctic Climate Like?
What Is The Subarctic Climate Like?
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Obu Obu
The Ever-Changing Subarctic Climate
The Ever-Changing Subarctic Climate
Published: 2013/05/17
Channel: Olivia Mai Taylor
Subarctic Meaning
Subarctic Meaning
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: SDictionary
PBK - Subarctic Wave
PBK - Subarctic Wave
Published: 2010/09/25
Channel: PsyZv
Sub-Arctic Exposures - gopro hero 1 and 3 alaskan timelapse videography
Sub-Arctic Exposures - gopro hero 1 and 3 alaskan timelapse videography
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: floydstinkyboy
NWTAA SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE 04:  TIPI HOUSE DESIGN CONCEPTS  Kayhan Nadji
NWTAA SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE 04: TIPI HOUSE DESIGN CONCEPTS Kayhan Nadji
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: George Lessard
Ninjaspy - Sub-Arctic Trickery
Ninjaspy - Sub-Arctic Trickery
Published: 2012/11/25
Channel: Bassfreak102
NWTAA SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE  05: ARCTIC MECHANICAL SYSTEMS DIFFERENT? Brian George
NWTAA SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE 05: ARCTIC MECHANICAL SYSTEMS DIFFERENT? Brian George
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: George Lessard
John Merritt 2010 Moose Hunt to Canadian Sub-Arctic Hunting - Part 2
John Merritt 2010 Moose Hunt to Canadian Sub-Arctic Hunting - Part 2
Published: 2012/01/30
Channel: CitrusInformation
Subarctic
Subarctic
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: theaap2763
Site-specific Research Nature. Kevo Subarctic Research Institute Utsjoki, Lapland, Finland. 2017
Site-specific Research Nature. Kevo Subarctic Research Institute Utsjoki, Lapland, Finland. 2017
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: kirstenkoetter
NWTAA  SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE  07:  OFF-GRID LIVING Wade Carpenter
NWTAA SUBARCTIC ARCHITECTURE 07: OFF-GRID LIVING Wade Carpenter
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: George Lessard
What Is A Subarctic Climate?
What Is A Subarctic Climate?
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Obu Obu
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Subarctic vegetation in Canada (Larix laricina)

The subarctic is a region in the Northern Hemisphere immediately south of the true Arctic and covering much of Alaska, Canada, Iceland, the north of Scandinavia, Siberia, and the Shetland Islands. Generally, subarctic regions fall between 50°N and 70°N latitude, depending on local climates.

Climate and soils[edit]

Monthly temperatures are above 10 °C (50 °F) for at least one and at most three months of the year. Precipitation tends to be low due to the low moisture content of the cold air. Precipitation is typically greater in warmer months, with a summer maximum ranging from moderate in North America to extreme in the Russian Far East. Except in the wettest areas glaciers are not large because of the lack of winter precipitation; in the wettest areas, however, glaciers tend to be very abundant and Pleistocene glaciation covered even the lowest elevations. Soils of the subarctic are generally very acidic largely because of the influence of the vegetation both in the taiga and in peaty bogs, which tends to acidify the soil, as well as the extreme ease with which leaching of nutrients takes place even in the most heavily glaciated regions. The dominant soil orders are podsols and further north gelisols.

Subarctic regions are often characterized by taiga forest vegetation, though where winters are relatively mild, as in northern Norway, broadleaf forest may occur—though in some cases soils remain too saturated almost throughout the year to sustain any tree growth and the dominant vegetation is a peaty herbland dominated by grasses and sedges. Typically, there are only a few species of large terrestrial mammals in the subarctic regions, the most important being elk, moose (Alces alces), bears, reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), and wolves (Canis lupus). Agriculture is mainly limited to animal husbandry, though in some areas barley can be grown. Canada and Siberia are very rich in minerals, notably nickel, molybdenum, cobalt, lead, zinc and uranium, whilst the Grand Banks and Sea of Okhotsk are two of the richest fisheries in the world and provide support for many small towns.

In Fennoscandia and northwestern Russia, oceanic influences soften winter temperatures; the lack of permafrost allow agriculture and infrastructure. Lenvik, Norway, at 69°N.

Except for those areas adjacent to warm ocean currents, there is almost always continuous permafrost due to the very cold winters. This means that building in most subarctic regions is very difficult and expensive: cities are very few (Murmansk being the largest) and generally small, whilst roads are few. Subarctic rail transport only exists in Europe (lines to Narvik and Murmansk) and the NorilskDudinka line in northern Siberia. An important consequence is that transportation tends to be restricted to "bush" planes, helicopters and, in summer, riverboats.

Economy[edit]

Except for a few parts of Europe where the winters are relatively mild due to prevailing wind and ocean current patterns, subarctic regions were not explored until the 18th and 19th centuries. Even then, the difficulty of transportation ensured that few settlements (most of them created for mining) lasted long—the abandoned, once-thriving cities of the Yukon, Northwest Territories and increasingly Siberia illustrate this.

The Trans-Siberian Railway, which skirts the edge of the region, provided a major boost to Russian settlement in the subarctic, as did the intensive industrialization under Joseph Stalin that relied on the enormous mineral resources of the Central Siberian Plateau. Today, many towns in subarctic Russia are declining precipitously as mines close. In Canada, after the early minerals ran out, development stalled until hydroelectric development occurred in the 1950s and 1960s. Hydro-Quebec in particular has carried out many engineering works in regions of near-continuous permafrost, but these have never supported a significant population and have mainly served densely populated southern Quebec.

Tourism in recent years has become a major source of revenue for most countries of the subarctic due to the beautiful, generally glacial, landscapes so characteristic of the region. Most areas in the subarctic are among the most expensive places in the world to visit, due to both high costs of living and inaccessibility. Nonetheless, the great opportunities for outdoor recreation lure an ever-increasing number of travelers. At the same time, the older industries of the subarctic (fishing, mining, hydroelectric power) are being threatened by both environmental opposition and overfishing leading to depleted stocks of commercially important species.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Subarctic climate" in: Ritter, Michael E. The Physical Environment: an Introduction to Physical Geography. 2006.

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