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Look at These Satellite Images and You
Look at These Satellite Images and You'll See That China Is Militarizing the Spratly Islands
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: DAHBOO777
China unveils new South China Sea lighthouse on Subi reef
China unveils new South China Sea lighthouse on Subi reef
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: ASEAN in FOCUS
China Builds New Missile Silo
China Builds New Missile Silo's for HQ 9 in Mischief, Fiery Cross and Subi Reef SCS
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: East Crusader
Subi Reef
Subi Reef
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: Chrunch Houston
Lighthouse in Subi Reef, a threat to peace-DFA
Lighthouse in Subi Reef, a threat to peace-DFA
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: Eagle News
Full Militarization of China nearly complete in Subi, Mischief and Fiery-Cross Reef in SCS
Full Militarization of China nearly complete in Subi, Mischief and Fiery-Cross Reef in SCS
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: East Crusader
CHINA patuloy ang pagpapatayo ng istraktura sa Kagitingan at Subi Reef na pag-aari ng Pilipinas!
CHINA patuloy ang pagpapatayo ng istraktura sa Kagitingan at Subi Reef na pag-aari ng Pilipinas!
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: PiliPinas/22
Subi Reef
Subi Reef
Published: 2013/10/07
Channel: Ben Philip
BREAKING: ANGRY CHINA WARNS US DESTROYER BREACHING 12 MILE ZONE
BREAKING: ANGRY CHINA WARNS US DESTROYER BREACHING 12 MILE ZONE
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: The Next News Network
East China Sea Fighter Squadron.
East China Sea Fighter Squadron.
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: kougun2007
What China has been doing in the South China Sea
What China has been doing in the South China Sea
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: News Direct
South China Sea - China Alarming Construction Ready For Full Military Use
South China Sea - China Alarming Construction Ready For Full Military Use
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Youtupe Mania
South China Sea dispute: China militarizes all seven outposts in the Spratly Islands - TomoNews
South China Sea dispute: China militarizes all seven outposts in the Spratly Islands - TomoNews
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: TomoNews US
South China Sea disputes: China is building a massive airstrip on Fiery Cross Reef - TomoNews
South China Sea disputes: China is building a massive airstrip on Fiery Cross Reef - TomoNews
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: TomoNews US
South China Sea dispute: China builds third airstrip at Mischief Reef
South China Sea dispute: China builds third airstrip at Mischief Reef
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: News Direct
China Opens Its New Lighthouse In Disputed South China Sea
China Opens Its New Lighthouse In Disputed South China Sea
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: BBC WORLD NEWS
[News@6] AFP: Insidente ng pamamaril sa Subi Reef, walang katotohanan
[News@6] AFP: Insidente ng pamamaril sa Subi Reef, walang katotohanan
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: PTV
South China Sea disputes: China arms island outposts with military infrastructures - TomoNews
South China Sea disputes: China arms island outposts with military infrastructures - TomoNews
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: TomoNews US
What China has been doing in the South China Sea - TomoNews
What China has been doing in the South China Sea - TomoNews
Published: 2016/03/07
Channel: TomoNews US
UB: China, nagtayo ng mga modernong istruktura sa Subi Reef
UB: China, nagtayo ng mga modernong istruktura sa Subi Reef
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: GMA News
U.S. Sends a Destroyer to the South China Sea
U.S. Sends a Destroyer to the South China Sea
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Wochit News
24Oras: Mga nagpapatrolyang Air Force sa Subi Reef, pinaalis daw ng China
24Oras: Mga nagpapatrolyang Air Force sa Subi Reef, pinaalis daw ng China
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: GMA News
China militarizes seven islands in the disputed South China Sea
China militarizes seven islands in the disputed South China Sea
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: News Direct
Patreon RPPR Game: Call of Cthulhu - Subi Reef
Patreon RPPR Game: Call of Cthulhu - Subi Reef
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: RPPRpodcast
China is again Do you want to see our full military power?
China is again Do you want to see our full military power?
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: kougun2007
SND Lorenzana Defense Officials Flies to Pag asa for development with budget 1.6 Billion Peso
SND Lorenzana Defense Officials Flies to Pag asa for development with budget 1.6 Billion Peso
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: East Crusader
[News@6] AFP: Walang barilang nangyari sa Subi Reef
[News@6] AFP: Walang barilang nangyari sa Subi Reef
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: PTV
South China sea bases: China keeps on developing bases South China Sea - TomoNews
South China sea bases: China keeps on developing bases South China Sea - TomoNews
Published: 2017/12/16
Channel: TomoNews US
CHINA Installs SERIOUS WEAPONS SYSTEMS on Artificial Islands
CHINA Installs SERIOUS WEAPONS SYSTEMS on Artificial Islands
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: James Munder
China leaders fuming over U.S. flexing military muscle in South China Sea
China leaders fuming over U.S. flexing military muscle in South China Sea
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: CBS Evening News
While focus is on north korea, china continues south china sea buildup
While focus is on north korea, china continues south china sea buildup
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: Hot News
South China Sea dispute: China builds third airstrip at Mischief Reef - TomoNews
South China Sea dispute: China builds third airstrip at Mischief Reef - TomoNews
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: TomoNews US
Philippines satellite release success.
Philippines satellite release success.
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: kougun2007
US Warship Sails Within 12 Miles Of Chinese Built Island In South China Sea
US Warship Sails Within 12 Miles Of Chinese Built Island In South China Sea
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: BBC WORLD NEWS
China Expanding Reclamation in South China Sea
China Expanding Reclamation in South China Sea
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: NHK WORLD NEWSLINE English
G7 agrees need strong message on South China Sea.
G7 agrees need strong message on South China Sea.
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: kougun2007
South China Sea: US warship sails close to disputed Mischief Reef
South China Sea: US warship sails close to disputed Mischief Reef
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: World News
PHILIPPINE : Why Duterte urged to send warship to Sandy Cay ?
PHILIPPINE : Why Duterte urged to send warship to Sandy Cay ?
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Military history
CHINA expands its military bases in THE SOUTH CHINA SEA
CHINA expands its military bases in THE SOUTH CHINA SEA
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Hot News
Chinese Lighthouse in South China Sea Begins Operations
Chinese Lighthouse in South China Sea Begins Operations
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Wochit News
There is nothing on the "three forts" of CHINA in THE SOUTH CHINA SEA
There is nothing on the "three forts" of CHINA in THE SOUTH CHINA SEA
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Hot News
WARNING!!! China Sends Message By Having Destroyers Shadow U.S.  Ship Past Islands
WARNING!!! China Sends Message By Having Destroyers Shadow U.S. Ship Past Islands
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: U.S. Military Technology
South China Sea: Beijing raises the temperature again | Hot News
South China Sea: Beijing raises the temperature again | Hot News
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Hot News
Six Chinese Watchmen Start Off to Lighthouse on Nansha Islands
Six Chinese Watchmen Start Off to Lighthouse on Nansha Islands
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: CCTV+
China at Final Step toward an Air Defense Identification Zone in SOUTH CHINA SEA
China at Final Step toward an Air Defense Identification Zone in SOUTH CHINA SEA
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Youtupe Mania
The united states has not lost the south china sea | Hot News
The united states has not lost the south china sea | Hot News
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: Hot News
The Evolution of Fiery Cross Reef
The Evolution of Fiery Cross Reef
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
The destroyer USS Lassen in the Spratly Islands - News In Bed (NIB) - Read by Linda
The destroyer USS Lassen in the Spratly Islands - News In Bed (NIB) - Read by Linda
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Việt Nam Vòng Quanh Thế Giới
China restates its sovereignty over disputed waters
China restates its sovereignty over disputed waters
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: AP Archive
China militariza sete ilhas no disputado Mar da China Meridional.
China militariza sete ilhas no disputado Mar da China Meridional.
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: TomoNews Brasil
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Subi Reef
Disputed island
Other names:
Zhubi Reef
Chinese: 渚碧礁; pinyin: Zhǔbì Jiāo
Tagalog: Zamora
Vietnamese: đá Xu Bi
Subi Reef, Spratly Islands.png
Landsat 7 Image (April 2000)
Geography
Subi Reef is located in South China Sea
Subi Reef
Location South China Sea
Coordinates 10°54′48″N 114°03′43″E / 10.9133°N 114.062°E / 10.9133; 114.062Coordinates: 10°54′48″N 114°03′43″E / 10.9133°N 114.062°E / 10.9133; 114.062
Archipelago Spratly Islands
Administered by
People's Republic of China
Claimed by
People's Republic of China
Philippines
Republic of China (Taiwan)
Vietnam

Subi Reef, also known as Zhubi Reef (Chinese: 渚碧礁; pinyin: Zhǔbì Jiāo; Tagalog: Zamora; Vietnamese: đá Xu Bi) is a reef in the Spratly Islands of the South China Sea located 26 km (16 mi) southwest of Philippine-occupied Thitu Island. It is occupied by China, and claimed by Taiwan, Vietnam, and the Philippines. It currently falls under the jurisdiction of Nansha islands, Sansha city, Hainan province, China.

Topography and features[edit]

The atoll measures 5.7 km along its longer southwest-northeast axis, and is up to 3.5 km wide. Its total area including the lagoon and rim of the reef measures 16 km², and the lagoon is up to 22 meters deep.[1]

Naturally above water only at low tide, the reef surrounds a lagoon. The People's Republic of China has constructed a 4-story building, a weather observation station with doppler weather radar, wharfs, and a helipad in the area. A buoyed channel guides ships to the inner lagoon which is 3.7 kilometers in diameter.[2][3][4][5]

On 12 July 2016, the tribunal of the Permanent Court of Arbitration confirmed that Subi Reef is, or in their natural condition was, exposed at low tide and submerged at high tide and are, accordingly low-tide elevations that do not generate entitlement to a territorial sea, exclusive economic zone or continental shelf.[6]

Legal issues[edit]

As the Subi Reef is under the water, it is considered by the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) as "sea bed" in "international waters". Although the PRC had ratified a limited[7] UNCLOS III not allowing innocent passage of war ships, according the UNCLOS III, features built on the sea bed cannot have territorial waters.[7]

Environmental issues[edit]

The PRC has ratified UNCLOS III;[7] the convention establishes general obligations for safeguarding the marine environment and protecting freedom of scientific research on the high seas, and also creates an innovative legal regime for controlling mineral resource exploitation in deep seabed areas beyond national jurisdiction, through an International Seabed Authority and the Common heritage of mankind principle.[8]

Territorial disputes[edit]

Subi Reef under reclamation by the PRC, May 2015.

The reef is occupied and controlled by China (PRC), with a 2014 estimate of 200 troops stationed there,[9] and claimed by Taiwan (ROC), the Philippines, and Vietnam. In July 2012, a large fleet of 30 Chinese fishing vessels arrived at the reef from Hainan.[10][11]

In April 2015, a Philippine Navy aircraft patrolling near the reef received "aggressive action" from a Chinese ship.[12] Also in 2015, the USS Lassen sailed within 12 nautical miles (which if applicable is the territorial waters limit of the reef), prompting the Chinese Foreign Ministry to call the action a "provocation" and vowed to keep building up in the South China Sea. As per the US Navy, this was a routine "freedom of navigation" exercise. Similar exercises are performed routinely about 12-28 times per year.[13][14]

During 2014, the PRC started reclaiming land at Subi Reef, and by the end of 2015 had developed it into an island of 3.95 square kilometres (1.53 sq mi), with a military base, a large harbour, and an airstrip of about 3,000 metres.[15][16] In November 2015, two U.S. B-52 strategic bombers flew in airspace near the area. They were contacted by Chinese ground control, but were allowed to continue their mission undeterred.[17] In April 2016 a new lighthouse 55 metres high commenced operations.[18] A civilian test flight to new airport was conducted by a passenger jet of Hainan Airlines on July 13, 2016.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atoll Area, Depth and Rainfall: Zhubi
  2. ^ Anda, Redempto (17 July 2012). "Government told of China buildup 2 months ago". Philippine Inquirer. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Jingya, Mei (19 July 2012). "China installed radar on Zhubi Reef:Philippine media". Sina English News. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Digital Gazetteer of the Spratly Islands". www.southchinasea.org. Archived from the original on July 17, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  5. ^ "高清:菲律宾称中国将在南沙渚碧礁建机场". qq.com. Tencent QQ. Retrieved August 9, 2016. Chinese language page with a collection of 10 photos of the reef and Thitu (Pagasa) Island dated 25 July 2012. Pictures 1,3,4&6 show the buildings on the reef; 5 shows a lighthouse, 7-10 show Pagasa  .
  6. ^ "Award" (PDF). Permanent Court of Arbitration. 12 July 2016.  p.174
  7. ^ a b c "UNCLOS. Declarations upon ratification". 
  8. ^ Jennifer Frakes, The Common Heritage of Mankind Principle and the Deep Seabed, Outer Space, and Antarctica: Will Developed and Developing Nations Reach a Compromise? Wisconsin International Law Journal. 2003; 21:409
  9. ^ DJ Sta. Ana (June 13, 2014). "China reclaiming land in 5 reefs?". www.abs-cbnnews.com. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ Cunfu, Wang (18 July 2012). "Fishing vessels arrive at Zhubi Reef of south China Sea". Xinhua. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fishing vessels arrive at Zhubi Reef of south China Sea". Global Times China. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Philippine military says Chinese ship took aggressive action". Gulf News. United Arab Emeritus. Associated Press. 18 April 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  13. ^ Perlez, Jane (2015-10-27). "Beijing Calls U.S. Warship's Route in South China Sea a 'Provocation'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  14. ^ "A U.S. Naval Signal in the South China Sea". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 2015-11-02. 
  15. ^ Gregory Poling. "Potential New Runway Presents New Headaches". Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative. Retrieved 2015-10-30. 
  16. ^ "Subi reef tracker". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 2016-03-05. 
  17. ^ http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/us-bombers-flew-near-chinese-built-island-in-south-china-sea-pentagon/ar-BBmWhOg?li=AAa0dzB
  18. ^ Prashanth Parameswaran (2016-04-06). "China Unveils New South China Sea Lighthouse on Subi Reef". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2016-04-24. 
  19. ^ "China conducts test flights on two new airports on Nansha Islands". Xinhua. Retrieved 2016-07-14. 

External links[edit]

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