1
SUKUMAR RAY (1987 Documentary)- By Satyajit Ray
SUKUMAR RAY (1987 Documentary)- By Satyajit Ray
DATE: 2011/02/24::
2
Chinepotka By Sukumar Ray
Chinepotka By Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2014/04/17::
3
Sukumar Ray / Kabir Suman
Sukumar Ray / Kabir Suman
DATE: 2012/07/29::
4
Gomphchuri - Recitation of a Sukumar Ray poetry by Soumitra Chattopadhyay
Gomphchuri - Recitation of a Sukumar Ray poetry by Soumitra Chattopadhyay
DATE: 2014/10/30::
5
Gaaner Sure Sukumar Roy
Gaaner Sure Sukumar Roy's Aabol Taabol | Bengali Nursery Songs Audio jukebox
DATE: 2014/07/31::
6
Sukumar Roy- I go up, we go down
Sukumar Roy- I go up, we go down
DATE: 2011/03/06::
7
"Hesoram Husiyar er diary" by Sukumar Ray - SUNDAY SUSPENSE
"Hesoram Husiyar er diary" by Sukumar Ray - SUNDAY SUSPENSE
DATE: 2014/11/28::
8
Sukumar Ray part3
Sukumar Ray part3
DATE: 2008/12/29::
9
Sukumar Ray part1
Sukumar Ray part1
DATE: 2008/12/29::
10
Bengali Rhymes | Abol Tabol | Bhoy Peyona | KidRhymes
Bengali Rhymes | Abol Tabol | Bhoy Peyona | KidRhymes
DATE: 2011/12/09::
11
Ramgorurer Chhana - Sukumar Ray Abol Tabol - MoxaGharana Music (Demo Version)
Ramgorurer Chhana - Sukumar Ray Abol Tabol - MoxaGharana Music (Demo Version)
DATE: 2014/03/08::
12
Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2007/12/02::
13
Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2010/05/31::
14
Sukumar Ray Part 2
Sukumar Ray Part 2
DATE: 2008/12/29::
15
Sukumar Ray Part 4
Sukumar Ray Part 4
DATE: 2008/12/29::
16
Hesoramer Husiyari Diary - Sukumar Ray
Hesoramer Husiyari Diary - Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2014/10/30::
17
Obak Jolpan - Story of Sukumar Ray
Obak Jolpan - Story of Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2015/03/19::
18
Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray's "Sabda Kalpa Droom" by Miel Kar
DATE: 2011/10/08::
19
Aay Tor Munduta Dekhi - Sukumar Ray
Aay Tor Munduta Dekhi - Sukumar Ray's Abol Tabol MoxaGharana MoxaMusic (Demo Version)
DATE: 2014/02/26::
20
SUKUMAR RAY-Amake Bhabay
SUKUMAR RAY-Amake Bhabay
DATE: 2011/10/30::
21
কাতুকুতু বুড়ো সুকুমার রায় Katukutu Buro Sukumar Ray
কাতুকুতু বুড়ো সুকুমার রায় Katukutu Buro Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2015/02/23::
22
Sukumar Ray poem recitation saraswati pujo 2011.mov
Sukumar Ray poem recitation saraswati pujo 2011.mov
DATE: 2011/02/22::
23
Ho Jo Bo Ro Lo by Sukumar Ray presented by Orlando Bangla School
Ho Jo Bo Ro Lo by Sukumar Ray presented by Orlando Bangla School
DATE: 2012/11/05::
24
Rodey Ranga Iter Panja - MoxaMusic on Sukumar Ray
Rodey Ranga Iter Panja - MoxaMusic on Sukumar Ray's Abol Tabol (Demo Version)
DATE: 2014/02/23::
25
Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray's "Bhoy peyona"
DATE: 2009/01/26::
26
Ognila /
Ognila / 'Satpatra' - Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2015/03/30::
27
Abol Tabol  sukumar ray drawing
Abol Tabol sukumar ray drawing
DATE: 2013/10/10::
28
Ei Duniyar Sokol Bhalo - Sukumar Ray Abol Tabol - MoxaGharana Music (Demo Version)
Ei Duniyar Sokol Bhalo - Sukumar Ray Abol Tabol - MoxaGharana Music (Demo Version)
DATE: 2014/03/08::
29
Sukumar Ray Sot Patra
Sukumar Ray Sot Patra
DATE: 2009/01/10::
30
"Sidhel Chor" _ Sishu Kishorer Sukumar Ray by Priya Entertainments Pvt Ltd
"Sidhel Chor" _ Sishu Kishorer Sukumar Ray by Priya Entertainments Pvt Ltd
DATE: 2015/01/23::
31
Huko Mukho Hangla - MoxaMusic on Sukumar Ray
Huko Mukho Hangla - MoxaMusic on Sukumar Ray's Abol Tabol (Demo Version)
DATE: 2014/02/23::
32
HaJaBaRaLa - Sukumar Ray Part 1 হযবরল - সুকুমার রায় পর্ব ১ Narated by Pratul Mukhopadhyay
HaJaBaRaLa - Sukumar Ray Part 1 হযবরল - সুকুমার রায় পর্ব ১ Narated by Pratul Mukhopadhyay
DATE: 2015/03/09::
33
Remembering Sukumar Ray
Remembering Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2013/07/09::
34
'Bhoi Peo Na' (written by Sukumar Ray) recited by Arunava Das (Wrik, Rishi)
DATE: 2013/04/13::
35
Ramgorurer Chana by Sukumar Ray রামগরুড়ের ছানা সুকুমার রায়
Ramgorurer Chana by Sukumar Ray রামগরুড়ের ছানা সুকুমার রায়
DATE: 2015/03/16::
36
Bengali Poem Recitation-Sukumar Ray
Bengali Poem Recitation-Sukumar Ray's Jiboner Hisab-Shrutanuprash.wmv
DATE: 2010/11/15::
37
HaJaBaRaLa - Sukumar Ray Part 2 হযবরল - সুকুমার রায় পর্ব ২ Narated by Pratul Mukhopadhyay
HaJaBaRaLa - Sukumar Ray Part 2 হযবরল - সুকুমার রায় পর্ব ২ Narated by Pratul Mukhopadhyay
DATE: 2015/03/09::
38
খিচুড়ি সুকুমার রায় Khichuri Sukumar Ray
খিচুড়ি সুকুমার রায় Khichuri Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2015/02/25::
39
Musical Drama
Musical Drama 'Abol Tabol' (written by Sukumar Ray) - acted by children of Helsinki Durga Puja 2013
DATE: 2013/11/04::
40
Bhoy Peona Bhoy Peona Tomay Ami Marbo Na - MoxaMusic on Sukumar Ray
Bhoy Peona Bhoy Peona Tomay Ami Marbo Na - MoxaMusic on Sukumar Ray's Abol Tabol (Demo Version)
DATE: 2014/02/23::
41
Ekushe Ain - Sukumar Ray Abol Tabol - MoxaGharana Music (Demo Version)
Ekushe Ain - Sukumar Ray Abol Tabol - MoxaGharana Music (Demo Version)
DATE: 2014/03/08::
42
"বিষম চিন্তা" লিখেছেন সুকুমার রায় Bishom Chinta by Sukumar Ray
"বিষম চিন্তা" লিখেছেন সুকুমার রায় Bishom Chinta by Sukumar Ray
DATE: 2015/02/12::
43
'Sat Patra' (written by Sukumar Ray) recited by Arunava Das (Wrik, Rishi)
DATE: 2013/10/20::
44
Obak Jolpan Sukumar Roy
Obak Jolpan Sukumar Roy
DATE: 2014/07/29::
45
Saraswati Puja 2012 - Sukumar Ray poem recital by Milwaukee kids
Saraswati Puja 2012 - Sukumar Ray poem recital by Milwaukee kids
DATE: 2012/01/30::
46
Tushar
Tushar's Narrates Sukumar Ray's Pacha Koy Pachani.....
DATE: 2011/05/25::
47
abol tabol
abol tabol
DATE: 2009/11/25::
48
Bhoy Peyona (ভয় পেয়ো না) - Sukumar Ray (সুকুমার রায়)
Bhoy Peyona (ভয় পেয়ো না) - Sukumar Ray (সুকুমার রায়)
DATE: 2014/08/01::
49
Hite Biporit by Sukumar Ray হিতে-বিপরীত - সুকুমার রায়
Hite Biporit by Sukumar Ray হিতে-বিপরীত - সুকুমার রায়
DATE: 2015/03/17::
50
Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray's kobita :"Abol Tabol" & "Chobi o Golpo"
DATE: 2013/03/05::
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Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray.jpg
A well-known image of Sukumar Ray
Born (1887-10-30)30 October 1887
Kolkata, British India
Died 10 September 1923(1923-09-10) (aged 35)
Moshua, Kishoreganj District in Bengal, British India (now Bangladesh)
Language Bengali
Ethnicity Bengali
Period Bengal Renaissance
Genre literary nonsense
Notable works Abol Tabol, Pagla Dashu, HaJaBaRaLa,
Spouse Suprabha Devi
Children Satyajit Ray (son)
Relatives Upendrakishore Ray (father) and Bidhumukhi (mother)

Sukumar Ray (Bengali: সুকুমার রায়; About this sound Sukumār Rāẏ ) (30 October 1887 – 10 September 1923)[1] was a Bengali humorous poet, story writer and playwright who mainly wrote for children. His works such as the collection of poems "Aboltabol" (Bengali: আবোলতাবোল)("Gibberish"), novella "HaJaBaRaLa" (Bengali: হযবরল), short story collection "Pagla Dashu" (Bengali: পাগলা দাশু; "Crazy Dashu") and play "Chalachittachanchari" (Bengali: চলচিত্তচঞ্চরী) are considered equal in stature to Alice in Wonderland. More than 80 years after his death, Ray remains one of the most popular of children's writers in both West Bengal and Bangladesh.

Sukumar Ray was the son of children's story writer Upendrakishore Ray (Ray Chowdhury), the father of Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray and grandfather of Bengali filmmaker Sandip Ray. Sukumar Ray was also known as the convenor of "Monday Club" (Bengali: মণ্ডা ক্লাব), a weekly gathering of like-minded people at the Ray residence, where the members were free to express their opinions about the world at large. A number of poems were penned by Sukumar Ray in relation to the matters concerning "Monday Club", primarily soliciting attendance, announcing important meetings etc.

Life[edit]

Sukumar Ray with his wife Suprabha Ray (1914)

Ray was born in a Brahmo family in Calcutta, India on 30 October 1887. Born in the era which can be called the pinnacle of the Bengal Renaissance, he grew up in an environment that fostered his literary talents. His father was a writer of stories and popular science; painter and illustrator; musician and composer of songs; a technologist and hobbyist astronomer. Upendrakishore was also a close friend of Rabindranath Tagore, who directly influenced Sukumar. Among other family friends were Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy. Upendrakishore studied the technology of blockmaking, conducted experiments, and set up a business of making blocks. The firm M/s U. Ray & Sons, where Sukumar and his younger brother Subinay were involved. His sister, Shukhalata Rao, became a social worker and children's book author.[2] Like his father, Ray also was a very good friend of Rabindranath Tagore.

In 1906, Ray graduated with honours in physics and chemistry from the Presidency College, then affiliated with the University of Calcutta. Before that he attended City College School, Surya Sen Street along with his classmate, famous funny character "Pagla Dashu" appeared in several of his penned story. He was trained in photography and printing technology in England at the School of Photo-Engraving and Lithography, London,[3] and was a pioneer of photography and lithography in India. While in England, he also delivered lectures about the songs of Rabindranath before Tagore won the Nobel Prize. Meanwhile, Sukumar had also drawn acclaim as an illustrator. As a technologist, he also developed new methods of halftone blockmaking, and technical articles about this were published in journals in England. The Penrose Annual published two articles by Ray. While in the United Kingdom he joined the Royal Photographic Society in 1912 and remained a member until his death, gaining his Fellowship in 1922.[4]

Upendrakishore started a publishing firm, U. Ray and Sons, which Sukumar and Subinay helped to run. While Sukumar went to England to learn printing technology, Upendrakishore purchased land, constructed a building, and set up a printing press with facilities for high-quality halftone colour blockmaking and printing. He also launched the children's magazine, "Sandesh".[1] Very soon after Sukumar's return from England, Upendrakishore died, and Sukumar ran the printing and publishing businesses and the Sandesh for about eight years. His younger brother Subinoy helped him, and many relatives pitched in writing for "Sandesh".

Sukumar Ray was also a leader of the reformist wing in the Brahmo Samaj. Sukumar Ray wrote a long poem "Atiter Katha" (Bengali: অতীতের কথা), which was a popular presentation of the history of the Brahmo Samaj—it was published as a small booklet to introduce the rationale of the Brahmo Samaj to children. Sukumar also campaigned to bring in Rabindranath Tagore, the most famous Brahmo of his time, as a leader of the Samaj.

Death[edit]

Sukumar Ray died on 10 September 1923 at his Garpar residence in Kolkata [5] of severe infectious fever, leishmaniasis, for which there was no cure at the time. He left behind his widow and their only child, Satyajit. Satyajit Ray would later shoot a documentary on Sukumar Ray in 1987, 5 years before his own death.

Works[edit]

  • Abol tabol (Gibberish)
  • Pagla Dashu (Crazy Dashu)[6]
  • Khai-Khai (Eat-Eat)
  • Heshoram Hushiyarer Diary (The diary of Heshoram Hushiyar)
  • HaJaBaRaLa (Mumbo-Jumbo)
  • Jhalapala O Onanyo Natok (Cacophony and Other Plays)
  • Lakkhaner Shoktishel (The Weapon of Lakkhan)
  • Chalachittachanchari
  • Shabdakalpadrum
  • Bohurupi
  • Bhasar Atyachar (Torture of Language 1915)

Bibliography[edit]

English Editions of Sukumar Ray, in chronological order. Each edition here has its distinct merits.(citation needed)

Nonsense Rhymes. Translated by Satyajit Ray. Calcutta: Writer's Workshop, 1970.

  • This volume by the author's son is the slimmest and is difficult to find.

The Select Nonsense of Sukumar Ray. Translated by Sukanta Chaudhuri. New Delhi: OUP, 1987.

  • The standard edition for many years.

Abol Tabol: The Nonsense World of Sukumar Ray. Translated by Sampurna Chattarji. New Delhi: Puffin, 2004.

  • This edition, the most complete, also has works from Khapchhada, Bohurupee, Other Stories, Haw-Jaw-Baw-Raw-Law, Khai-Khai, and Pagla Dashu.

The Tenth Rasa: An Anthology of Indian Nonsense, edited by Michael Heyman, with Sumanyu Satpathy and Anushka Ravishankar. New Delhi: Penguin, 2007.

  • This volume includes, amongst other Indian nonsense texts, quite a few Ray translations by Chattarji, including some that are not in her solo edition of Abol Tabol.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ray; Sukumar (tr. Chatterjee; Sampurna). Wordygurdyboom!. Penguin Books India. pp. 177–. ISBN 978-0-14-333078-3. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Shukhalata Rao, from Banglapedia.
  3. ^ "Sukumar Ray |". .open.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Correspondence with Dr Michael Pritchard, Director-General, of The Royal Photographic Society, 1 December 2013.
  5. ^ "LIfe of Sukumar Ray". Freehostia. 
  6. ^ Amaresh Datta (1987). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: A-Devo. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 694–. ISBN 978-81-260-1803-1. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 

External links[edit]

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