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SUKUMAR RAY (1987 Documentary)- By Satyajit Ray
SUKUMAR RAY (1987 Documentary)- By Satyajit Ray
Published: 2011/02/25
Channel: sshoibal
HaJaBaRaLa - Nonsense by Sukumar Ray - Bengali
HaJaBaRaLa - Nonsense by Sukumar Ray - Bengali
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Sagarika Kids - The Culture Company
Satyajit  Ray on Sukumar
Satyajit Ray on Sukumar
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Tarak Das
Sukumar Ray - PAGLA DASHU on Radio Mirchi
Sukumar Ray - PAGLA DASHU on Radio Mirchi
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: Mirchi Bangla
Gapper Feriwala | Petuk (পেটুক ) | Sukumar Roy
Gapper Feriwala | Petuk (পেটুক ) | Sukumar Roy's Story
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Angel Kids
ABAK JALPAN of Sukumar Ray
ABAK JALPAN of Sukumar Ray
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: Rony Khan
Gaaner Sure Sukumar Roy
Gaaner Sure Sukumar Roy's Aabol Taabol | Bengali Nursery Songs Audio jukebox
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Saregama Bengali
Gapper Feriwala | Pagla Dashu (পাগলা দাশু) | Bangla Cartoon Video
Gapper Feriwala | Pagla Dashu (পাগলা দাশু) | Bangla Cartoon Video
Published: 2011/11/24
Channel: Angel Kids
( গোঁফ চুরি) Gof Churi - সুকুমার রায় (Sukumar Ray)
( গোঁফ চুরি) Gof Churi - সুকুমার রায় (Sukumar Ray)
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: zahura zannatun naim
Bhoy peyo na
Bhoy peyo na
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: SSOFTOONS Kids
KUMRO PATASH | KIDS BENGALI RHYMES | Kumdo Patash | POPULAR ABOLTABOL SONG
KUMRO PATASH | KIDS BENGALI RHYMES | Kumdo Patash | POPULAR ABOLTABOL SONG
Published: 2015/02/18
Channel: SSOFTOONS Kids
Bangla kobita Bidde Bojai Babu Moshai by Sukumar Ray
Bangla kobita Bidde Bojai Babu Moshai by Sukumar Ray
Published: 2015/08/08
Channel: BestVideos/Naz
Abol Tabol | Sukumar Ray | Bengali Poetry Collection
Abol Tabol | Sukumar Ray | Bengali Poetry Collection
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Asha Audio
Sukumar Ray / Kabir Suman
Sukumar Ray / Kabir Suman
Published: 2012/07/29
Channel: purenutinutube ( Jayanta )
Sukumar Ray part1
Sukumar Ray part1
Published: 2008/12/29
Channel: Arnab Sen
Sat Patro
Sat Patro
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: SSOFTOONS Kids
Gomphchuri - Recitation of a Sukumar Ray poetry by Soumitra Chattopadhyay
Gomphchuri - Recitation of a Sukumar Ray poetry by Soumitra Chattopadhyay
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: jghosh64
About Sukumar Ray
About Sukumar Ray
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Shapan
Gapper Feriwala | Detective | ডিটেকটিভ | Sukumar Ray
Gapper Feriwala | Detective | ডিটেকটিভ | Sukumar Ray's story
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Angel Kids
Sukumar Ray Poems | Sot Parto | Kids Rhymes | Hasan | Serader Sera
Sukumar Ray Poems | Sot Parto | Kids Rhymes | Hasan | Serader Sera
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Kids Vision
Abak Jalpan | Sukumar Ray | Mirchi 98.3 | Summer Special | April 2017
Abak Jalpan | Sukumar Ray | Mirchi 98.3 | Summer Special | April 2017
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Mirchi Bangla
Sukumar Roy- I go up, we go down
Sukumar Roy- I go up, we go down
Published: 2011/03/06
Channel: Ishtiaq Saleh
Khudor Kol | Khuror kol |
Khudor Kol | Khuror kol |
Published: 2015/02/18
Channel: SSOFTOONS Kids
Pecha Koy Pechani | Abol Tabol | Sukumar Roy
Pecha Koy Pechani | Abol Tabol | Sukumar Roy
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: SSOFTOONS Kids
Jhalapala by Sukumar Ray
Jhalapala by Sukumar Ray
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Dipankar Dutta
Jiboner Hisab by Sukumar Ray ll Abrittikar Medha Bandhopadday ll Bangla Kobita Abritti
Jiboner Hisab by Sukumar Ray ll Abrittikar Medha Bandhopadday ll Bangla Kobita Abritti
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: A Amin
কাতুকুতু বুড়ো সুকুমার রায় Katukutu Buro Sukumar Ray
কাতুকুতু বুড়ো সুকুমার রায় Katukutu Buro Sukumar Ray
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: A Amin
SUNDAY SUSPENSE : Hesorum Hussier Ar Diary BY Sukumar Ray (NEW STORY)
SUNDAY SUSPENSE : Hesorum Hussier Ar Diary BY Sukumar Ray (NEW STORY)
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: Flame MI™
Bidde Bojai Babu Moshai by Sukumar Ray | Bangla Cartoon | Sukumar Ray
Bidde Bojai Babu Moshai by Sukumar Ray | Bangla Cartoon | Sukumar Ray
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Story Times
Khichuri । খিচুড়ি | Kid
Khichuri । খিচুড়ি | Kid's Bengali Nursery Rhymes | Ablo Tabol
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: Ssoftoons Animation
Ekushe Ain | Tenet of 21 | Animation Video | Nonsense Mohul
Ekushe Ain | Tenet of 21 | Animation Video | Nonsense Mohul
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: Saregama Bengali
Pagla Dasu | Popular Bengali Movie | Superhit Bengali Animation Film
Pagla Dasu | Popular Bengali Movie | Superhit Bengali Animation Film
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Shemaroo Bengali
Gof Churi
Gof Churi
Published: 2015/02/18
Channel: SSOFTOONS Kids
Satpatra | Sukumar Roy | Ranajit Roy
Satpatra | Sukumar Roy | Ranajit Roy
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: INRECO Bengali Children Songs
SUKUMAR RAY-Amake Bhabay
SUKUMAR RAY-Amake Bhabay
Published: 2011/10/30
Channel: Arijit Das
Chinepotka By Sukumar Ray
Chinepotka By Sukumar Ray
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: bangla golpo
Abol Tabol Audio Jukebox | Sukumar Ray | Empty Spaces
Abol Tabol Audio Jukebox | Sukumar Ray | Empty Spaces
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: Empty Spaces
Satpatra ( Sukumar Roy ) Bengali Recitation
Satpatra ( Sukumar Roy ) Bengali Recitation
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: Sharmishtha Deb
Abol Tabol  sukumar ray drawing
Abol Tabol sukumar ray drawing
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: DawsenTv
Katukutu buro (from Abol Tabol)
Katukutu buro (from Abol Tabol)
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Shukti Shuvra De
Drama " Laxmaner Sakti Sheal" Sukumar Roy
Drama " Laxmaner Sakti Sheal" Sukumar Roy
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Nimbark Poddar
Hingsute - Sukumar Roy
Hingsute - Sukumar Roy
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Shuddhasattwa Das
OBAK JALPAN│SUKUMAR ROY│BY - SUJIV & SUMIT
OBAK JALPAN│SUKUMAR ROY│BY - SUJIV & SUMIT
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Sujiv Das [Jibonto Animation Studio]
Gapper Feriwala | Abak Jalpan । Bangla Cartoon Video
Gapper Feriwala | Abak Jalpan । Bangla Cartoon Video
Published: 2014/03/08
Channel: Angel Kids
খিচুড়ি সুকুমার রায় Khichuri Sukumar Ray
খিচুড়ি সুকুমার রায় Khichuri Sukumar Ray
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: A Amin
Animation of Sukumar Ray Poem
Animation of Sukumar Ray Poem
Published: 2015/10/31
Channel: Sourav Nandy
Sukumar Ray - Gaaner Gnuto
Sukumar Ray - Gaaner Gnuto
Published: 2012/03/03
Channel: smilingbuddha71
Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray
Published: 2010/05/31
Channel: Ahmed Freak
SUKUMAR ROY
SUKUMAR ROY'S HARIE PAWA BY BITAN BANERJEE
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: anindya mukherjee
Gnoaf churi Bengali poem by Sukumar Roy
Gnoaf churi Bengali poem by Sukumar Roy
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: DEBANJANA MUKHERJEE
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sukumar Ray
Sukumar Ray.jpg
A well-known image of Sukumar Ray
Born (1887-10-30)30 October 1887
Calcutta, British India
Died 10 September 1923(1923-09-10) (aged 35)
Residence, Garpar in North Calcutta, British India
Language Bengali
Nationality British Indian
Period Bengal Renaissance
Genre literary nonsense
Notable works Abol Tabol, Pagla Dashu, HaJaBaRaLa,
Spouse Suprabha Devi
Children Satyajit Ray (son)
Relatives Upendrakishore Ray (father) and Bidhumukhi (mother)

Sukumar Ray (Bengali: সুকুমার রায়; About this sound Sukumār Rāẏ ) (30 October 1887 – 10 September 1923)[1] was an Indian Bengali humorous poet, story writer and playwright who mainly wrote for children. His works such as the collection of poems Abol Tabol (Bengali: আবোলতাবোল)("Gibberish"), novella HaJaBaRaLa (Bengali: হযবরল), short story collection Pagla Dashu (Bengali: পাগলা দাশু; "Crazy Dashu") and play Chalachittachanchari (Bengali: চলচিত্তচঞ্চরী) are considered equal in stature to Alice in Wonderland. More than 80 years after his death, Ray remains one of the most popular of children's writers in both West Bengal and Bangladesh.

Sukumar Ray was the son of children's story writer Upendrakishore Ray (Ray Chowdhury), the father of Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray and grandfather of Bengali filmmaker Sandip Ray. Sukumar Ray was also known as the convenor of "Monday Club" (Bengali: মণ্ডা ক্লাব), a weekly gathering of like-minded people at the Ray residence, where the members were free to express their opinions about the world at large. A number of poems were penned by Sukumar Ray in relation to the matters concerning "Monday Club", primarily soliciting attendance, announcing important meetings etc.

Life[edit]

Sukumar Ray with his father Upendrakishore Ray, mother Bidhumukhi and five siblings.
Sukumar Ray with his wife Suprabha Ray (1914)

Ray was born in a Brahmo family in Calcutta, India on 30 October 1887. Born in the era which can be called the pinnacle of the Bengal Renaissance, he grew up in an environment that fostered his literary talents. His father was a writer of stories and popular science; painter and illustrator; musician and composer of songs; a technologist and hobbyist astronomer. Upendrakishore was also a close friend of Rabindranath Tagore, who directly influenced Sukumar. Among other family friends were Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy. Upendrakishore studied the technology of blockmaking, conducted experiments, and set up a business of making blocks. The firm M/s U. Ray & Sons, where Sukumar and his younger brother Subinay were involved. His sister, Shukhalata Rao, became a social worker and children's book author.[2] Like his father, Ray also was a very good friend of Rabindranath Tagore.

In 1906, Ray graduated with honours in physics and chemistry from the Presidency College, then affiliated with the University of Calcutta. Before that he attended City College School, Surya Sen Street along with his classmate, famous funny character "Pagla Dashu" appeared in several of his penned story. He was trained in photography and printing technology in England at the School of Photo-Engraving and Lithography, London,[3] and was a pioneer of photography and lithography in India. While in England, he also delivered lectures about the songs of Rabindranath before Tagore won the Nobel Prize. Meanwhile, Sukumar had also drawn acclaim as an illustrator. As a technologist, he also developed new methods of halftone blockmaking, and technical articles about this were published in journals in England. The Penrose Annual published two articles by Ray. While in the United Kingdom he joined the Royal Photographic Society in 1912 and remained a member until his death, gaining his Fellowship in 1922.[4]

Upendrakishore started a publishing firm, U. Ray and Sons, which Sukumar and Subinay helped to run. While Sukumar went to England to learn printing technology, Upendrakishore purchased land, constructed a building, and set up a printing press with facilities for high-quality halftone colour blockmaking and printing. He also launched the children's magazine, "Sandesh".[1] Very soon after Sukumar's return from England, Upendrakishore died, and Sukumar ran the printing and publishing businesses and the Sandesh for about eight years. His younger brother Subinoy helped him, and many relatives pitched in writing for "Sandesh".

Sukumar Ray was also a leader of the reformist wing in the Brahmo Samaj. Sukumar Ray wrote a long poem "Atiter Katha" (Bengali: অতীতের কথা), which was a popular presentation of the history of the Brahmo Samaj—it was published as a small booklet to introduce the rationale of the Brahmo Samaj to children. Sukumar also campaigned to bring in Rabindranath Tagore, the most famous Brahmo of his time, as a leader of the Samaj.

Death[edit]

Sukumar Ray died on 10 September 1923 at his Garpar residence in Kolkata[5] of severe infectious fever, leishmaniasis, for which there was no cure at the time. He left behind his widow and their only child, Satyajit, who was only two years old at that time. Satyajit Ray would later shoot a documentary on Sukumar Ray in 1987, 5 years before his own death.

Works[edit]

  • Abol Tabol (The Weird and the Absurd)
  • Pagla Dashu (Crazy Dashu)[6]
  • Khai-Khai (Eat-Eat)
  • Heshoram Hushiyarer Diary (The diary of Heshoram Hushiyar) (early science fiction parody)[7]
  • HaJaBaRaLa (Mumbo-Jumbo)
  • Jhalapala O Onanyo Natok (Cacophony and Other Plays)
  • Lakkhaner Shoktishel (The Weapon of Lakkhan)
  • Chalachittachanchari
  • Shabdakalpadrum
  • Bohurupi
  • Bhasar Atyachar (Torture of Language 1915)

Bibliography[edit]

Bibliography in English about Sukumar Ray's works, in reverse chronological order (newest first).

English Translations of Abol Tabol

Rhymes of Whimsy - The Complete Abol Tabol, Translated by Niladri Roy, Haton Cross Press, 2017.

  • This is the only complete translation of all the 53 poems.

The Tenth Rasa: An Anthology of Indian Nonsense, edited by Michael Heyman, with Sumanyu Satpathy and Anushka Ravishankar. New Delhi: Penguin, 2007.

  • This volume includes, among other Indian nonsense texts, several translations of Sukumar Ray by Chattarji, including some that are not in her solo edition of Abol Tabol.

Abol Tabol: The Nonsense World of Sukumar Ray. Translated by Sampurna Chattarji. New Delhi: Puffin, 2004.

  • This edition, a partial translation, also has works from Khapchhada, Bohurupee, Other Stories, Haw-Jaw-Baw-Raw-Law, Khai-Khai, and Pagla Dashu.

The Select Nonsense of Sukumar Ray. Translated by Sukanta Chaudhuri. New Delhi: OUP, 1987.

  • The standard edition of Abol Tabol translations (partial) for many years.

Nonsense Rhymes. Translated by Satyajit Ray. Calcutta: Writer's Workshop, 1970.

  • This volume by the author's son is the slimmest and is difficult to find. Partial translation.

Analytical Works about Abol Tabol

Rhymes of Whimsy - The Complete Abol Tabol, with Analyses & Commentary by Niladri Roy, Haton Cross Press, 2017.

  • Contains analyses of all the poems, with explanations of hidden satire.

Fantastic Beasts and How to Sketch Them: The Fabulous Bestiary of Sukumar Ray, by Poushali Bhadury. (South Asian Review, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2013.)

  • Analytical reviews of some of Sukumar Ray's illustrations that accompanied his poems in Abol Tabol, and how they complement the verse.

Colonial India in Children’s Literature, by Supriya Goswami. Routledge, 2012

  • This volume includes brief analysis of some of the poems in Abol Tabol. It also analyzes other contemporaneous books.

The World of Sukumar Ray, by Sukanta Chaudhuri in Telling Tales: Children’s Literature in India, Ed. Amit Dasgupta. New Age International Publishers Ltd. Wiley Eastern Ltd. New Delhi, India 1995, 88-96.

  • Commentary on some of the poems in Abol Tabol

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ray; Sukumar (tr. Chatterjee; Sampurna). Wordygurdyboom!. Penguin Books India. pp. 177–. ISBN 978-0-14-333078-3. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Sarker, Sushanta (2012). "Rao, Shukhalata". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  3. ^ "Sukumar Ray |". .open.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Correspondence with Dr Michael Pritchard, Director-General, of The Royal Photographic Society, 1 December 2013.
  5. ^ "LIfe of Sukumar Ray". Freehostia. 
  6. ^ Amaresh Datta (1987). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: A-Devo. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 694–. ISBN 978-81-260-1803-1. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  7. ^ Early Bengali science fiction, Amardeep Singh, lehigh.edu

External links[edit]

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