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Superintendent goes crazy at Board of Ed Meeting in Monroe Twp. NJ
Superintendent goes crazy at Board of Ed Meeting in Monroe Twp. NJ
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: Leo Pardza
Grantham, NH School Superintendent Keith Pfeifer Discusses his Role in Public Education
Grantham, NH School Superintendent Keith Pfeifer Discusses his Role in Public Education
Published: 2010/09/09
Channel: CambridgeWhosWho
Why PEAS Are the Key to a Successful Education | Dr. Michael Hynes | TEDxAdelphiUniversity
Why PEAS Are the Key to a Successful Education | Dr. Michael Hynes | TEDxAdelphiUniversity
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: TEDx Talks
The Role of the Superintendent in Public Education
The Role of the Superintendent in Public Education
Published: 2011/04/11
Channel: Jonathan Becker
Broward School Superintendent Robert Runcie Updates Status Of Education Centers Following Irma
Broward School Superintendent Robert Runcie Updates Status Of Education Centers Following Irma
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: CBS Miami
KCPS Superintendent Mark Bedell on his life, passion for students, education
KCPS Superintendent Mark Bedell on his life, passion for students, education
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: 41 Action News
Superintendent of Education Addresses Budget Cuts
Superintendent of Education Addresses Budget Cuts
Published: 2009/09/15
Channel: KPBS News
Dallas Superintendent Michael Hinojosa talks about education equity
Dallas Superintendent Michael Hinojosa talks about education equity
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: cleveland.com
Exploring Education PBC Schools Superintendent Bill Malone
Exploring Education PBC Schools Superintendent Bill Malone
Published: 2011/10/14
Channel: pbcgov20
Superintendent Walt Rulffes on the importance of funding K-12 education
Superintendent Walt Rulffes on the importance of funding K-12 education
Published: 2009/04/30
Channel: EducateNevada
Tulsa Superintendent: Education Budget Cuts Will Hurt Public Schools
Tulsa Superintendent: Education Budget Cuts Will Hurt Public Schools
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Matter of Fact
A Florida Superintendent Gives His Recipe for Success in Urban Education
A Florida Superintendent Gives His Recipe for Success in Urban Education
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: National School Boards Association
Stan Dobbs Superintendent | The Learning Partnership – Champions of Public Education
Stan Dobbs Superintendent | The Learning Partnership – Champions of Public Education
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Stan Dobbs
UCPS Board of Education Announces New Superintendent
UCPS Board of Education Announces New Superintendent
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Union County Public Schools
Superintendent Barbara Nemko on Transforming Education
Superintendent Barbara Nemko on Transforming Education
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: The BEST in US
Board of Education places superintendent and COO on leave
Board of Education places superintendent and COO on leave
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: FOX 26 KNPN
Board of Education selects Kishimoto as next schools superintendent
Board of Education selects Kishimoto as next schools superintendent
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: KHON2 News
Howard County Public Schools superintendent files lawsuit against Board of Education
Howard County Public Schools superintendent files lawsuit against Board of Education
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: ABC 2 News - WMAR
Louisiana Superintendent of Education Paul Pastorek on the New Orleans School Choice Revolution
Louisiana Superintendent of Education Paul Pastorek on the New Orleans School Choice Revolution
Published: 2010/07/08
Channel: ReasonTV
Education Career Advice from an Asst. Superintendent from drkit.org
Education Career Advice from an Asst. Superintendent from drkit.org
Published: 2012/10/06
Channel: DrKitVideos
Superintendent
Superintendent's Report to AAPS Board of Education September 27, 2017
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: Ann Arbor Public Schools
Superintendent Snapshot - Rally to Support Public Education
Superintendent Snapshot - Rally to Support Public Education
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Granite Schools
Superintendent Diane Douglas says AZ Education at a crossroads  | Cronkite News
Superintendent Diane Douglas says AZ Education at a crossroads | Cronkite News
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Cronkite News
Vermont Education Champions 2016 - Mary Moran, Superintendent, Rutland City Public Schools
Vermont Education Champions 2016 - Mary Moran, Superintendent, Rutland City Public Schools
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Vermont PBS
Challenger Beats Incumbent Neshoba County Superintendent of Education
Challenger Beats Incumbent Neshoba County Superintendent of Education
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: Boswell Media
Superintendent
Superintendent's Report to AAPS Board of Education December 6, 2017
Published: 2017/12/14
Channel: Ann Arbor Public Schools
Pitt School of Education School Leadership Testimonial - Assistant Superintendent Sean McCarty
Pitt School of Education School Leadership Testimonial - Assistant Superintendent Sean McCarty
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: University of Pittsburgh School of Education
Superintendent
Superintendent's Report to AAPS Board of Education August 30, 2017
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Ann Arbor Public Schools
State Superintendent of Education Tom Torlakson at SLHS
State Superintendent of Education Tom Torlakson at SLHS
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: San Leandro Academy for Multimedia
Education Grants Conference Review By Assoc. Superintendent Bob Anderson
Education Grants Conference Review By Assoc. Superintendent Bob Anderson
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: Grant Writers Association
Education board member resigns to apply for schools superintendent post
Education board member resigns to apply for schools superintendent post
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: KHON2 News
Illinois Superintendent of Education Tony Smith
Illinois Superintendent of Education Tony Smith
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Chicago Sun-Times
David Garcia running for Superintendent of Public Education
David Garcia running for Superintendent of Public Education
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: ABC15 Arizona
Superintendent License Program - The Patton College of Education at Ohio University
Superintendent License Program - The Patton College of Education at Ohio University
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: OhioUniv
Education Matters State Superintendent Mark Johnson Episode 28 4/29/17
Education Matters State Superintendent Mark Johnson Episode 28 4/29/17
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: Education Matters
"Happy Spring Break!" from Dr. Wright, Superintendent of Education,  Huntsville ISD
"Happy Spring Break!" from Dr. Wright, Superintendent of Education, Huntsville ISD
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Huntsville ISD
Superintendent
Superintendent's Report to AAPS Board of Education October 25, 2017
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Ann Arbor Public Schools
Birmingham Board of Education Tries to Fire Superintendent Dr. Witherspoon - 041012 7 50
Birmingham Board of Education Tries to Fire Superintendent Dr. Witherspoon - 041012 7 50
Published: 2012/04/11
Channel: ALSchoolConnection
Pitt School of Education School Leadership Testimonial - Assistant Superintendent Kathy Foster
Pitt School of Education School Leadership Testimonial - Assistant Superintendent Kathy Foster
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: University of Pittsburgh School of Education
2017-2018 New Employee Orientation: Superintendent of Education Jodie Barrett
2017-2018 New Employee Orientation: Superintendent of Education Jodie Barrett
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: UpperCanada DSB
El Dorado Co. education superintendent accused of DUI
El Dorado Co. education superintendent accused of DUI
Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: KCRA News
Board of Education -- Final Meeting With Superintendent Manuel Rivera
Board of Education -- Final Meeting With Superintendent Manuel Rivera
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: Nancy Chapman
Superintendent of Education Republican Debate
Superintendent of Education Republican Debate
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: SouthCarolinaETV
L.I. Superintendent Dr  Michael Hynes on the state of our educational system
L.I. Superintendent Dr Michael Hynes on the state of our educational system
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Long Island Backstory
Education superintendent Douglas announces We Are Listening state tour
Education superintendent Douglas announces We Are Listening state tour
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Cronkite News
Superintendent Mark Johnson
Superintendent Mark Johnson's remarks at his first State Board of Education meeting
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: EducationNC
Education board forms search committee for new superintendent
Education board forms search committee for new superintendent
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: KHON2 News
Superintendent faces angry public over Obama education speech decision
Superintendent faces angry public over Obama education speech decision
Published: 2009/09/09
Channel: VNvideo01
Education and Technology with Robert Runcie, Superintendent of Broward Public Schools Pt.1
Education and Technology with Robert Runcie, Superintendent of Broward Public Schools Pt.1
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: tech talk
Superintendents  Environmental Education Collaborative Webinar 12.5.17
Superintendents Environmental Education Collaborative Webinar 12.5.17
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Upstream Alliance
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Education in the United States
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In the field of education in the United States, a superintendent or superintendent of schools is an administrator or manager in charge of a number of public schools or a school district, a local government body overseeing public schools.

The role and powers of the superintendent varies among areas. However, "it is often said that the most important role of the board of education is to hire its superintendent."[1]

History[edit]

The first education laws in the United States were enacted in the colonial era, when various New England colonies passed ordinances directing towns "to choose men to manage the important affairs of learning, such as deciding local taxes, hiring teachers, setting wages, and determining the length of the school year."[2] The persons responsible were frequently selectmen who had additional government responsibilities.[3] Boston established America's first permanent school committee in 1721; this became America's first school board. (Massachusetts and some other regions retain the term school committee, but school board and board of education are the more common terms nationwide, and a variety of other labels have been used).[3] In 1986, about 95 percent of school board members were elected, with the rest appointed by town boards, mayors, or others.[4]

In early America, school board members handled the day-to-day administration of schools without the need for a superintendent. By the 1830s, however, the increasing numbers of students, as well as the consolidation of one-room schoolhouses into larger districts, led districts to begin appointing the first superintendents.[4] Buffalo, New York became the first location to appoint a superintendent, with Louisville, Kentucky, following on July 31 of the same year.[4] Large cities, which had the greatest administrative needs, were the first to appoint superintendents, but as schools consolidated into districts, the practice of appointing a superintendent became more popular.[4]

A major event in the history of education in the United States was the "Kalamazoo school case" (Stuart v. School District No. 1 of the Village of Kalamazoo).[4] In 1858, Kalamazoo, Michigan established its first high school, and the following year, the Michigan Legislature enacted legislature authorizing the election of school districts and the establishment of high schools funded by local taxes.[5] In January 1873, three Kalamazoo property owners filed a lawsuit challenging the law.[5] In a unanimous decision of the Michigan Supreme Court in 1874 written by the prominent Justice Thomas M. Cooley, the law was upheld.[5] This decision led to a dramatic increase in the number of high schools operating both in Michigan and other states, which led to an increase in the number of superintendents.[4][5]

Early superintendents tended to focus on instruction, with "overall fiscal affairs, school building construction, and maintenance" remaining under school district control, becoming normal responsibilities of superintendents only in the early twentieth century.[6] By the early twentieth century, superintendents emphasized business affairs.[7] Important leaders in American education at the time were George D. Strayer, Ellwood P. Cubberley, and Edward C. Elliott, who all wrote doctoral dissertations on education finance at Columbia University in the first decade of the 20th century.[7] Cubberley served as superintendent in San Diego and later taught at Stanford University, Strayer taught at Teachers College, Columbia University, and Elliott taught at the University of Wisconsin.[7]

In 1911, the idea of the superintendent as a separate professional emerged.[7] The emergence of the superintendency was linked to the adoption of a business organizational model in education.[7] Beginning in 1914, Columbia and other universities began to teach courses on educational administration, including school finance, business methods, budgeting, and organization.[7] Cubberley wrote a book in 1916 on this "New Profession" and emphasized the role of superintendent as chief executive of schools.[8] In 1914, the U.S. Commissioner of Education wrote that America was moving "unmistakably in the direction of a profession of educational administration as distinct from teaching."[9] By 1925, journals and books on educational administration had adopted a view of superintendents as executives, as Cubberley had advocated.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources
  • William L. Sharp & James K. Walter, The School Superintendent: The Profession and the Person (2nd ed. 2004).
Notes
  1. ^ Sharp & Walter, p. 1.
  2. ^ Sharp & Walter, p. 2.
  3. ^ a b Sharp & Walter, p. 2-3.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Sharp & Walter, p. 3.
  5. ^ a b c d The Kalamazoo School Case: Supporting High School Education, Kalamazoo Public Library.
  6. ^ Sharp & Walter, p. 3-4.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Sharp & Walter, p. 4.
  8. ^ a b Sharp & Walter, p. 5.
  9. ^ Sharp & Walter, p. 4-5.

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