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Supreme War Council Meeting
Supreme War Council Meeting
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: British Movietone
Mr. Lloyd George - Wanted  Supreme War Council (1914-1918)
Mr. Lloyd George - Wanted Supreme War Council (1914-1918)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Supreme War Council Meets In London (1940)
Supreme War Council Meets In London (1940)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Mr Lloyd George - Wanted - A Supreme War Council (1917)
Mr Lloyd George - Wanted - A Supreme War Council (1917)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
NTV Telugu Live || NTV Telugu News || NTV Live || NTV Live News || Telugu News || NTV
NTV Telugu Live || NTV Telugu News || NTV Live || NTV Live News || Telugu News || NTV
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: NTV Telugu
Supreme War Council Meeting
Supreme War Council Meeting
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Anglo-French Supreme War Council
Anglo-French Supreme War Council
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: WikiWikiup
The Council Chamber
The Council Chamber 'You Should Be Ashamed' Scene | Wonder Woman (2017) Movie Clip
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: CoolestClips 4K
Inside the Illuminati Temple - Supreme Council HQ in DC - Albert Pike & World War Three
Inside the Illuminati Temple - Supreme Council HQ in DC - Albert Pike & World War Three
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Titus Frost
Mr And Mrs Chamberlain Leave For House.
Mr And Mrs Chamberlain Leave For House.
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Baghdad security tight as Kerry meets Supreme Council
Baghdad security tight as Kerry meets Supreme Council's Hakim
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: AFP news agency
Statement 4 of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.flv
Statement 4 of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.flv
Published: 2011/02/21
Channel: Thawretsha3bmasr
Supreme Idiots Allow Prayers On Council Meetings
Supreme Idiots Allow Prayers On Council Meetings
Published: 2014/05/08
Channel: Mike Malloy
Ukraine war - Russian Forces Seize Supreme Council And Council Of Ministers In Crimea
Ukraine war - Russian Forces Seize Supreme Council And Council Of Ministers In Crimea
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Euromaidan PR
Executive Chamber Supreme Council
Executive Chamber Supreme Council
Published: 2011/01/02
Channel: NWOinvestigator
Pacific War Council meeting at the White House, June 29, 1942
Pacific War Council meeting at the White House, June 29, 1942
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: GovPH
The appeal to the member of the Supreme Council of War of Turkey, General Mehmet Epten
The appeal to the member of the Supreme Council of War of Turkey, General Mehmet Epten
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Glazamimusulmantat
Yemen
Yemen's supreme political council backs truce
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: PressTV News Videos
WINSTON CHURCHILL IN PARIS - NO SOUND
WINSTON CHURCHILL IN PARIS - NO SOUND
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
FSA Military front heads threaten with resignations from supreme military council
FSA Military front heads threaten with resignations from supreme military council
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: ANA PRESS
Dalek Supreme Council
Dalek Supreme Council
Published: 2008/03/04
Channel: themindrobber
NNAMDI KANU EXPLAINS IPOB/BILIE AND THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF ELDERS
NNAMDI KANU EXPLAINS IPOB/BILIE AND THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF ELDERS
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Biafra Voice
Lordaeron The Foremath - Shadow Council is Supreme! (2/2)
Lordaeron The Foremath - Shadow Council is Supreme! (2/2)
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: GrimmHeart Darksbane
Supreme Ruler: The Great War Part 5 (Germany: RE-Deployment)
Supreme Ruler: The Great War Part 5 (Germany: RE-Deployment)
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: Average Gamer
AKP CEBU SUPREME COUNCIL SINULOG STAR WARS THEME FLOAT
AKP CEBU SUPREME COUNCIL SINULOG STAR WARS THEME FLOAT
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: AKRHO RADIO
Iran
Iran's Supreme National Security Council condemns Saudi war on Yemen
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: PressTV News Videos
Russian Soldiers of 45th Special Division Storming the Supreme Council Crimea
Russian Soldiers of 45th Special Division Storming the Supreme Council Crimea
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: Ukraine Investigation
Supreme Court
Supreme Court's prayer ban part of elite's war on tradition
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Rebel Media
message to Gambia Supreme Islamic Council an yahya jammeh we need out country back
message to Gambia Supreme Islamic Council an yahya jammeh we need out country back
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Ebou Bah
Russia: Putin meets with Supreme Eurasian Economic Council in Moscow
Russia: Putin meets with Supreme Eurasian Economic Council in Moscow
Published: 2015/12/21
Channel: Ruptly TV
Ahmadinejad meets leader of Iraq supreme Islamic council
Ahmadinejad meets leader of Iraq supreme Islamic council
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
IRAN Crisis Headed for WW3! Iran Supreme Leader says WAR within WEEKS!
IRAN Crisis Headed for WW3! Iran Supreme Leader says WAR within WEEKS!
Published: 2012/08/02
Channel: Luxetti
Canadian Supreme Court bans city council prayers: What
Canadian Supreme Court bans city council prayers: What's next?
Published: 2015/04/16
Channel: Rebel Media
Supreme Court Directs Poll Panel To Hold Hearing In AIADMK Symbol War
Supreme Court Directs Poll Panel To Hold Hearing In AIADMK Symbol War
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: India Today
Supreme Council 33’ AASR for Greece
Supreme Council 33’ AASR for Greece
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: Supreme Council AASR For Greece
Чудо-женщина " берёт огонь на себя ". Война на Западном фронте в Бельгии. Чудо-женщина. 2017.
Чудо-женщина " берёт огонь на себя ". Война на Западном фронте в Бельгии. Чудо-женщина. 2017.
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: Mr. Moment
January 2017
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Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Supreme Council AASR For Greece
Star Wars The Last Jedi Trailer 3 - Kylo Ren and Rey New Backstory Explained
Star Wars The Last Jedi Trailer 3 - Kylo Ren and Rey New Backstory Explained
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: Emergency Awesome
New fighting in the Supreme Council of Ukraine! "Ljashko, come here"!
New fighting in the Supreme Council of Ukraine! "Ljashko, come here"!
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: UKRAINE HOT NEWS
Work of Deputies to the Supreme Council of Ukraine, News Today!
Work of Deputies to the Supreme Council of Ukraine, News Today!
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: UKRAINE HOT NEWS
Imam Syed Soharwardy Islamic Supreme Council of Canada
Imam Syed Soharwardy Islamic Supreme Council of Canada
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: The Harpreet Singh Show
NNAMDI KANU EXPLAINS IPOB BILIE AND THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF ELDERS
NNAMDI KANU EXPLAINS IPOB BILIE AND THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF ELDERS
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: BVI Channel 1
A Conversation With the Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe
A Conversation With the Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Council on Foreign Relations
Sec. of Iran’s Supreme Natl. Security Council in Pakistan
Sec. of Iran’s Supreme Natl. Security Council in Pakistan
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: PressTV News Videos
Treaty Of Versailles Can 4 (1919)
Treaty Of Versailles Can 4 (1919)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Supreme Spiritual Council Regarding Holy Nishan Armenian Church in Tblisi, Georgia
Supreme Spiritual Council Regarding Holy Nishan Armenian Church in Tblisi, Georgia
Published: 2012/01/16
Channel: Armenian Church
Dr Shashi Tharoor MP - Britain Does Owe Reparations
Dr Shashi Tharoor MP - Britain Does Owe Reparations
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: OxfordUnion
Iranian War Defense Order by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Iranian War Defense Order by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: OnlineMediaCollection
Yemenis rally in support of supreme presidential council
Yemenis rally in support of supreme presidential council
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: PressTV News Videos
Ethiopian Islamic Affairs Supreme Council  denounced
Ethiopian Islamic Affairs Supreme Council denounced
Published: 2006/07/27
Channel: ethiovideo
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Meeting of Supreme War Council in August 1921; on the front, left to right: Lord Curzon, Lloyd George, Briand, Bonomi, Della Torretta, Harvey, baron Hagashi (?), viscount Ishii; on the second row, left to right: Camerlynck, Hankey, Berthelot, Loucheur

The Supreme War Council was a central command that coordinate Allied military strategy during World War I. It was founded in 1917, and was based in Versailles. The council served as a forum for preliminary discussions of potential armistice terms and peace treaty settlement conditions.

Formation[edit]

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George had grave concerns regarding the strategy of Sir William Robertson, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, and Sir Douglas Haig, the Commander in Chief of the British Expeditionary Force, in response to the Allied losses at the Somme and at Battle of Passchendaele.

Following the Italian defeat at the Battle of Caporetto, in which the Germans and Austro-Hungarians surprised the Italian forces, Lloyd George proposed the formation of the Supreme War Council at the Rapallo Conference of 5–7 November 1917.

Japan and Russia were not to be included, and the Italians and French, worried that Salonika might be evacuated, wanted it confined to the Western Front.[1]

Permanent Military Representatives[edit]

Each Allied nation would also appoint a senior military officer as Permanent Military Representative. The French PMR was Ferdinand Foch, later replaced by Maxime Weygand and Joseph Joffre. The British were represented by Sir Henry Hughes Wilson. Italy was represented by Luigi Cadorna.

The USA, which was "Associated" with the Allies, was not involved with the political structures, but sent a Permanent Military Representative, Tasker H. Bliss.[2]

Wilson and his staff conducted numerous research projects into offensives against Turkey, culminating in the "Joint Note 12".[3]

At the Supreme War Council (30 January- 1 February) Hankey recorded that the national Commanders-in-Chief, national Chiefs of Staff and PMRs “all gave different advice” creating “a worse state of chaos than I have ever known in all my wide experience”. Lloyd George, whose main goal was to thwart Robertson, blocked a suggestion by Foch (French Chief of Staff) that the proposed Allied Reserve be controlled by the national Chiefs of Staff, possibly prompted by the notes Wilson was passing him across the table. It was eventually agreed that Foch should command the Reserve, with Wilson as his deputy.[4]

The Allied Reserve eventually slipped from the agenda as the Commanders-in-Chief, Haig and Pétain refused to hand over sufficient troops. Early in 1918 Wilson replaced Robertson as CIGS and at the end of March Foch became Allied Generalissimo. After April 1918 all Allied troops on the Western Front were placed under the command of the Grand Quartier Général des Armées Alliées (GQGA), a multi-national general staff that developed from the Supreme War Council. The GQGA was on similar lines to the GQG and came under General Ferdinand Foch, who had overall command of all Allied troops.[5] Without its two main personalities the military machinery at Versailles became less important.

Meetings[edit]

14–16 January 1920 in Paris, France[edit]

This meeting was held four days after the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles. Lloyd George proposed dropping the blockade of the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic by starting negotiations with the "Russian people" in the form of the centrosoyuz, which at that time was not controlled by the Bolsheviks. This was agreed, with a communique from the Council being published on 16 January. In the event, the negotiations soon became simply between the United Kingdom and a bolshevised centrosoyuz, known as the Anglo-Soviet Trade Agreement.

6–16 July 1920 in Spa, Belgium[edit]

This was attended by German delegates to discuss war reparations. Related documents:

  • "Agreement between the Allies for the settlement of certain questions as to the application of the Treaties of Peace and complementary agreements with Germany, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria"[6]
  • "Protocol of the Conference at Spa on July 16, 1920"[7]
  • "Inter-Allied Agreement in regard to advance to the German Government in accordance with Protocol of July 16 regarding coal deliveries"[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp191-2
  2. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp191-2
  3. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp194-5
  4. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp197
  5. ^ Lagarde, Lieutenant Benoît. "Grand Quartier Général des Armées Alliées, 1914–1918" (PDF). Sous-Serie GR 15 NN - Répertoire Numérique Detaillé (in French). Service Historique de la Défense. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
  6. ^ LG/F/148/4/1 in Lloyd George papers, see /www.portcullis.parliament.uk
  7. ^ LG/F/148/4/2 in Lloyd George papers, see /www.portcullis.parliament.uk
  8. ^ LG/F/148/4/3 in Lloyd George papers, see /www.portcullis.parliament.uk

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