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Mr Lloyd George - Wanted - A Supreme War Council (1917)
Mr Lloyd George - Wanted - A Supreme War Council (1917)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Supreme War Council Meeting
Supreme War Council Meeting
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: British Movietone
Supreme War Council Meets In London (1940)
Supreme War Council Meets In London (1940)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Mr. Lloyd George - Wanted  Supreme War Council (1914-1918)
Mr. Lloyd George - Wanted Supreme War Council (1914-1918)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Supreme War Council Meeting
Supreme War Council Meeting
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
The Council Chamber
The Council Chamber 'You Should Be Ashamed' Scene | Wonder Woman (2017) Movie Clip
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: CoolestClips
Anglo-French Supreme War Council
Anglo-French Supreme War Council
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: WikiWikiup
Game of Thrones S7E2 Daenerys War Council
Game of Thrones S7E2 Daenerys War Council
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Wacky Wayneo
Inside the Illuminati Temple - Supreme Council HQ in DC - Albert Pike & World War Three
Inside the Illuminati Temple - Supreme Council HQ in DC - Albert Pike & World War Three
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Titus Frost
Russian Soldiers of 45th Special Division Storming the Supreme Council Crimea
Russian Soldiers of 45th Special Division Storming the Supreme Council Crimea
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: Ukraine Investigation
Ukraine war - Russian Forces Seize Supreme Council And Council Of Ministers In Crimea
Ukraine war - Russian Forces Seize Supreme Council And Council Of Ministers In Crimea
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Euromaidan PR
Game of Thrones - Tywin Lannister
Game of Thrones - Tywin Lannister's War Council at Harrenhal
Published: 2014/01/18
Channel: GoTSeason2
The Supreme Council of Libyan Tribes.. A thorn in Tamim’s throat
The Supreme Council of Libyan Tribes.. A thorn in Tamim’s throat
Published: 2018/01/04
Channel: QatariLeaks قطريليكس
JACKIE CHAN STYLE FILM - SUPREME ART OF WAR 孫子兵法
JACKIE CHAN STYLE FILM - SUPREME ART OF WAR 孫子兵法
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: MartialClub
WINSTON CHURCHILL IN PARIS - NO SOUND
WINSTON CHURCHILL IN PARIS - NO SOUND
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Ukraine War - Crimean tatars protect Crimea Supreme Council in Simferopol Ukraine
Ukraine War - Crimean tatars protect Crimea Supreme Council in Simferopol Ukraine
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Euromaidan PR
Muhteşem Yüzyıl Kösem Müzikleri - The Supreme War
Muhteşem Yüzyıl Kösem Müzikleri - The Supreme War
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Yusuf Güzey 2
War on Drugs Oral Arguments - Part 3
War on Drugs Oral Arguments - Part 3
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: THE SUPREME COURT OF THE PHILIPPINES
The appeal to the member of the Supreme Council of War of Turkey, General Mehmet Epten
The appeal to the member of the Supreme Council of War of Turkey, General Mehmet Epten
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Glazamimusulmantat
What REALLY Happened to SNOKE in The Last Jedi (SPOILERS) - Star Wars Theory Explained
What REALLY Happened to SNOKE in The Last Jedi (SPOILERS) - Star Wars Theory Explained
Published: 2017/12/17
Channel: Star Wars Theory
Iranian War Defense Order by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Iranian War Defense Order by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: OnlineMediaCollection
Pacific War Council meeting at the White House, June 29, 1942
Pacific War Council meeting at the White House, June 29, 1942
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: GovPH
France during World War II
France during World War II
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: WikiWikiup
Iran
Iran's Supreme National Security Council condemns Saudi war on Yemen
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: PressTV
War Council Gaming
War Council Gaming
Published: 2006/09/16
Channel: War Council Gaming
FSA Military front heads threaten with resignations from supreme military council
FSA Military front heads threaten with resignations from supreme military council
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: ANA PRESS
Mr And Mrs Chamberlain Leave For House.
Mr And Mrs Chamberlain Leave For House.
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Yemen
Yemen's supreme political council backs truce
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: PressTV
Console Wars - PC MASTER RACE
Console Wars - PC MASTER RACE
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Flashgitz
What ANAKIN Needed to Do to Become a JEDI MASTER - Star Wars Explained
What ANAKIN Needed to Do to Become a JEDI MASTER - Star Wars Explained
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Star Wars Theory
Halifax Explosion - Peace in the East? | THE GREAT WAR Week 176
Halifax Explosion - Peace in the East? | THE GREAT WAR Week 176
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: The Great War
Philippine lawyers ask Supreme Court to halt
Philippine lawyers ask Supreme Court to halt 'illegal' war on drugs
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: WION
Snoke Returning in Episode 9? Andy Serkis
Snoke Returning in Episode 9? Andy Serkis's Comments - Jedi Council
Published: 2018/02/01
Channel: ColliderVideos
Jon Snow War Council and Sansa warning Game of Thrones 6x09
Jon Snow War Council and Sansa warning Game of Thrones 6x09
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: The Valyrian
Dalek Supreme Council
Dalek Supreme Council
Published: 2008/03/04
Channel: themindrobber
NATO | 20 | Multiplayer - Supreme Ruler Ultimate / Cold War
NATO | 20 | Multiplayer - Supreme Ruler Ultimate / Cold War
Published: 2018/02/20
Channel: Bundeswehr Bob
Baghdad security tight as Kerry meets Supreme Council
Baghdad security tight as Kerry meets Supreme Council's Hakim
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: AFP news agency
Lordaeron The Foremath - Shadow Council is Supreme! (2/2)
Lordaeron The Foremath - Shadow Council is Supreme! (2/2)
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: GrimmHeart Darksbane
Supreme Court crisis : Bar Council to hold talks - TV9
Supreme Court crisis : Bar Council to hold talks - TV9
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: TV9 Telugu
Why Was The Second Atomic Bomb Dropped?
Why Was The Second Atomic Bomb Dropped?
Published: 2017/12/10
Channel: Christen Vaca Tipz
Акція протесту біля Верховної ради. Protest at Supreme Council of Ukraine. 23/12/2014
Акція протесту біля Верховної ради. Protest at Supreme Council of Ukraine. 23/12/2014
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: Oleksandr Pravylo
Ahmadinejad meets leader of Iraq supreme Islamic council
Ahmadinejad meets leader of Iraq supreme Islamic council
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Third Age Total War: Elves of Lórien Part 59 ~ Supreme Defence!
Third Age Total War: Elves of Lórien Part 59 ~ Supreme Defence!
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: lionheartx10
President of the Supreme Political Council returns to Sana
President of the Supreme Political Council returns to Sana'a after a visit to Al-Jouf province
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Yemen Press
Supreme Court Rejects Telangana Second Review Petition | Higher Education Council | TV5 News
Supreme Court Rejects Telangana Second Review Petition | Higher Education Council | TV5 News
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: TV5 News
AKP CEBU SUPREME COUNCIL SINULOG STAR WARS THEME FLOAT
AKP CEBU SUPREME COUNCIL SINULOG STAR WARS THEME FLOAT
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: AKRHO RADIO
Supreme Court
Supreme Court's prayer ban part of elite's war on tradition
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Rebel Media
Bağdat Fatihi IV.Murad Müzikleri - Ceng-i Âli 4 (The Supreme War 4)
Bağdat Fatihi IV.Murad Müzikleri - Ceng-i Âli 4 (The Supreme War 4)
Published: 2017/12/17
Channel: Yusuf Güzey 2
Egyptian Military Threatens Israel: Supreme Council Leader Warns Israel Away from Sinai Border
Egyptian Military Threatens Israel: Supreme Council Leader Warns Israel Away from Sinai Border
Published: 2012/04/26
Channel: JewishNewsOne
Molotov Speech at the Session of the Supreme Council of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(1938
Molotov Speech at the Session of the Supreme Council of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(1938
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Marxist-Leninist Theory
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Meeting of Supreme War Council in August 1921; on the front, left to right: Lord Curzon, Lloyd George, Briand, Bonomi, Della Torretta, Harvey, baron Hagashi (?), viscount Ishii; on the second row, left to right: Camerlynck, Hankey, Berthelot, Loucheur

The Supreme War Council was a central command that coordinate Allied military strategy during World War I. It was founded in 1917, and was based in Versailles. The council served as a forum for preliminary discussions of potential armistice terms and peace treaty settlement conditions.

Formation[edit]

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George had grave concerns regarding the strategy of Sir William Robertson, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, and Sir Douglas Haig, the Commander in Chief of the British Expeditionary Force, in response to the Allied losses at the Somme and at Battle of Passchendaele.

Following the Italian defeat at the Battle of Caporetto, in which the Germans and Austro-Hungarians surprised the Italian forces, Lloyd George proposed the formation of the Supreme War Council at the Rapallo Conference of 5–7 November 1917.

Japan and Russia were not to be included, and the Italians and French, worried that Salonika might be evacuated, wanted it confined to the Western Front.[1]

Permanent Military Representatives[edit]

Each Allied nation would also appoint a senior military officer as Permanent Military Representative. The French PMR was Ferdinand Foch, later replaced by Maxime Weygand and Joseph Joffre. The British were represented by Sir Henry Hughes Wilson. Italy was represented by Luigi Cadorna.

The USA, which was "Associated" with the Allies, was not involved with the political structures, but sent a Permanent Military Representative, Tasker H. Bliss.[2]

Wilson and his staff conducted numerous research projects into offensives against Turkey, culminating in the "Joint Note 12".[3]

At the Supreme War Council (30 January- 1 February) Hankey recorded that the national Commanders-in-Chief, national Chiefs of Staff and PMRs “all gave different advice” creating “a worse state of chaos than I have ever known in all my wide experience”. Lloyd George, whose main goal was to thwart Robertson, blocked a suggestion by Foch (French Chief of Staff) that the proposed Allied Reserve be controlled by the national Chiefs of Staff, possibly prompted by the notes Wilson was passing him across the table. It was eventually agreed that Foch should command the Reserve, with Wilson as his deputy.[4]

The Allied Reserve eventually slipped from the agenda as the Commanders-in-Chief, Haig and Pétain refused to hand over sufficient troops. Early in 1918 Wilson replaced Robertson as CIGS and at the end of March Foch became Allied Generalissimo. After April 1918 all Allied troops on the Western Front were placed under the command of the Grand Quartier Général des Armées Alliées (GQGA), a multi-national general staff that developed from the Supreme War Council. The GQGA was on similar lines to the GQG and came under General Ferdinand Foch, who had overall command of all Allied troops.[5] Without its two main personalities the military machinery at Versailles became less important.

Meetings[edit]

14–16 January 1920 in Paris, France[edit]

This meeting was held four days after the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles. Lloyd George proposed dropping the blockade of the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic by starting negotiations with the "Russian people" in the form of the centrosoyuz, which at that time was not controlled by the Bolsheviks. This was agreed, with a communique from the Council being published on 16 January. In the event, the negotiations soon became simply between the United Kingdom and a bolshevised centrosoyuz, known as the Anglo-Soviet Trade Agreement.

6–16 July 1920 in Spa, Belgium[edit]

This was attended by German delegates to discuss war reparations. Related documents:

  • "Agreement between the Allies for the settlement of certain questions as to the application of the Treaties of Peace and complementary agreements with Germany, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria"[6]
  • "Protocol of the Conference at Spa on July 16, 1920"[7]
  • "Inter-Allied Agreement in regard to advance to the German Government in accordance with Protocol of July 16 regarding coal deliveries"[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp191-2
  2. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp191-2
  3. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp194-5
  4. ^ Woodward, 1998, pp197
  5. ^ Lagarde, Lieutenant Benoît. "Grand Quartier Général des Armées Alliées, 1914–1918" (PDF). Sous-Serie GR 15 NN - Répertoire Numérique Detaillé (in French). Service Historique de la Défense. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
  6. ^ LG/F/148/4/1 in Lloyd George papers, see /www.portcullis.parliament.uk
  7. ^ LG/F/148/4/2 in Lloyd George papers, see /www.portcullis.parliament.uk
  8. ^ LG/F/148/4/3 in Lloyd George papers, see /www.portcullis.parliament.uk

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