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Surdas Krishna Bhajans | Anup Jalota, Anuradha Paudwal, Sadhana Sargam
Surdas Krishna Bhajans | Anup Jalota, Anuradha Paudwal, Sadhana Sargam
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: bhaktisongs
Chintamani Surdas | Full Devotional Movie | Raja Bundela | Alka Nupur
Chintamani Surdas | Full Devotional Movie | Raja Bundela | Alka Nupur
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Biscoot Talkies
Bhakt surdas
Bhakt surdas
Published: 2014/07/11
Channel: spiritualawareness1
Saint Surdas Jayanti | Shri Krishna Special Songs | Laj Rakho Girdhari
Saint Surdas Jayanti | Shri Krishna Special Songs | Laj Rakho Girdhari
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: Saregama Shakti
सूरदास का जीवन परिचय : Surdas Biography in Hindi
सूरदास का जीवन परिचय : Surdas Biography in Hindi
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: Trending video
Rajasthani Comedy-Surdas Ji (Full Video)| Pukhraj Nadsar ||Marwadi Comedy
Rajasthani Comedy-Surdas Ji (Full Video)| Pukhraj Nadsar ||Marwadi Comedy
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: WeRajasthani
Chintamani Surdas (1988 Film) Hindi Full Movie Feat.Anup Jalota, Alka Nupur, Gauri Khurana
Chintamani Surdas (1988 Film) Hindi Full Movie Feat.Anup Jalota, Alka Nupur, Gauri Khurana
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Biscoot Cinema
Surdas
Surdas
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: NCERT OFFICIAL
Chintamanee Surdas Film Songs By Anoop Jalota I Full Audio Song Juke Box
Chintamanee Surdas Film Songs By Anoop Jalota I Full Audio Song Juke Box
Published: 2013/07/01
Channel: T-Series Bhakti Sagar
सुरदास की कहानी  Story of a Surdas (Hindi)
सुरदास की कहानी Story of a Surdas (Hindi)
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: YOGESH DESAI
भ्रमरगीत सूरदास ll Bharamargeet Surdas
भ्रमरगीत सूरदास ll Bharamargeet Surdas
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: sumydqueen
ENCONTRO CRIANCAS SURDAS (RIT TV 08/10/2010)
ENCONTRO CRIANCAS SURDAS (RIT TV 08/10/2010)
Published: 2010/10/15
Channel: Johnny Nastri
Pedro e Sofia libras. Videos educativos para crianças surdas
Pedro e Sofia libras. Videos educativos para crianças surdas
Published: 2016/01/03
Channel: Rony Loss
Surdas ke pad-Class 10 Hindi- Explanation & Imp Q-Ansसूरदास के पद
Surdas ke pad-Class 10 Hindi- Explanation & Imp Q-Ansसूरदास के पद
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Alpana Verma अल्पना वर्मा
Shri Krishna Surdas Bhajan Suresh Wadkar
Shri Krishna Surdas Bhajan Suresh Wadkar
Published: 2009/08/24
Channel: lola610
Pessoas  surdas vencem na vida também!!!!
Pessoas surdas vencem na vida também!!!!
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: PALAVRA DE FÉ TODO O DIA
Hindi Essay on
Hindi Essay on 'Surdas' | 'सूरदास' पर निबंध
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: Essay | निबन्ध
Rajasthani Comedy Surdas Part 2
Rajasthani Comedy Surdas Part 2
Published: 2015/02/01
Channel: WeRajasthani
Surdas comedy
Surdas comedy
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Vikas Suthar Vikas Suthar
Sant Surdas (1975) - Mythological Full Movie Gujarati | Starring: Rajiv & Snehalata
Sant Surdas (1975) - Mythological Full Movie Gujarati | Starring: Rajiv & Snehalata
Published: 2012/06/17
Channel: Garvi Gujarat
Surdas
Surdas
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: ISKCON Desire Tree
Surdas... Bombay Jayashree..Vasalyam
Surdas... Bombay Jayashree..Vasalyam
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: nanonesmiles
Pravin Surdas,Ramdasji Gondaliya | Ghantvad Live 2 | Bhavya Santvani Dayro - Part 4 | Gujarati Dayro
Pravin Surdas,Ramdasji Gondaliya | Ghantvad Live 2 | Bhavya Santvani Dayro - Part 4 | Gujarati Dayro
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: Studio Saraswati Official
NIS DIN BARSAT NAIN HAMAARE -LATA JI -SURDAS-HRIDAYANATH MANGESHKAR
NIS DIN BARSAT NAIN HAMAARE -LATA JI -SURDAS-HRIDAYANATH MANGESHKAR
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: crazyoldsongs
Pukhraj Chaliya Sasre-Rajasthani Superhit Comedy Movie By Pukhraj Nadsar
Pukhraj Chaliya Sasre-Rajasthani Superhit Comedy Movie By Pukhraj Nadsar
Published: 2012/05/05
Channel: Rajasthani Hits
Chintamanee Surdas | HD Full Movie
Chintamanee Surdas | HD Full Movie
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: Worldwide Records INDIA
Rajasthani Comedy Surdas part 1
Rajasthani Comedy Surdas part 1
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: WeRajasthani
Surdas ke Pad | Class-10 | Hindi{Kshitij} | Easy Explanation Part-1
Surdas ke Pad | Class-10 | Hindi{Kshitij} | Easy Explanation Part-1
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: EkDuM HaTKe HAi
Vídeo de conversa entre mãe e filha surdas se espalha na web
Vídeo de conversa entre mãe e filha surdas se espalha na web
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: VideoNEWS BR
Surdas Bhajan "Akhiya Haridarasan Ki Pyasi" by MAHALAXMI SHENOY
Surdas Bhajan "Akhiya Haridarasan Ki Pyasi" by MAHALAXMI SHENOY
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Prakash Shenoy
Surdas pad class 10-explanation
Surdas pad class 10-explanation
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Achitesh Singh
Surdas ke Pad | Class-10 | Hindi{Kshitij} | Easy Explanation Part-2
Surdas ke Pad | Class-10 | Hindi{Kshitij} | Easy Explanation Part-2
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: EkDuM HaTKe HAi
Vanita Barde Surdas Ke Pad Class -X
Vanita Barde Surdas Ke Pad Class -X
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Shreshtha Barde
Bhagat Surdas Ji - Giani Sant Singh Ji Maskeen
Bhagat Surdas Ji - Giani Sant Singh Ji Maskeen
Published: 2012/01/23
Channel: BhagatiTV
Crianças surdas e ouvintes estudam juntas em Santo André
Crianças surdas e ouvintes estudam juntas em Santo André
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Rede TVT
Hari Main Nayan Heen (Chintamani Surdas)
Hari Main Nayan Heen (Chintamani Surdas)
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: prmishra1
Sangaman - Surdas | Audio Jukebox | Devotional | Vocal | Various Artists
Sangaman - Surdas | Audio Jukebox | Devotional | Vocal | Various Artists
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Musictoday
Surdas Ka Ek Tara Meera Ki Kadtal |  Anup Jalota  Krishna Bhajan | Hindi Devotional Song
Surdas Ka Ek Tara Meera Ki Kadtal | Anup Jalota Krishna Bhajan | Hindi Devotional Song
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: Bhajan India
Surdas Bhajan / Smt. Girija devi /Pt. Ronu Majumdar / SAGARIKA CLASSICAL
Surdas Bhajan / Smt. Girija devi /Pt. Ronu Majumdar / SAGARIKA CLASSICAL
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: SAGARIKA CLASSICAL
Surdas : Parichay, Bhramar Geet Yojna
Surdas : Parichay, Bhramar Geet Yojna
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Cec Ugc
BHAKTA SURDAS - Drama presentation by the students of Brindavan Campus (SSSIHL) - 14 Jan 2017
BHAKTA SURDAS - Drama presentation by the students of Brindavan Campus (SSSIHL) - 14 Jan 2017
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Radio Sai Global Harmony
Ankhiyan Hari Darshan Ki Piyasi(Surdas) VDO-M.S Subbulakshmi
Ankhiyan Hari Darshan Ki Piyasi(Surdas) VDO-M.S Subbulakshmi
Published: 2016/07/16
Channel: Anjan Chakraborty
Meera | Thulsi Das | Surdas | Sri Brahmanandar Kirtans | O.S Mukund | Sriram Bhajan Mandali | LIVE
Meera | Thulsi Das | Surdas | Sri Brahmanandar Kirtans | O.S Mukund | Sriram Bhajan Mandali | LIVE
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: SanskritiSeries
Saúde da Mulher / Fértil  ( Surdas e Libras 2016 )
Saúde da Mulher / Fértil ( Surdas e Libras 2016 )
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Saqmila Mendes
Mero Man Anat Kahan (Chintamani Surdas)
Mero Man Anat Kahan (Chintamani Surdas)
Published: 2009/09/11
Channel: prmishra1
rajasthani comedi surdas
rajasthani comedi surdas
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Trilok Kumar
Silemukh - Surdas (A blind saint, poet & musician)
Silemukh - Surdas (A blind saint, poet & musician)
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Silemukh Band
Dificuldades enfrentadas por mulheres surdas na rede pública de saúde
Dificuldades enfrentadas por mulheres surdas na rede pública de saúde
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: RTV Caatinga Univasf
Feliz Dia das Familias Surdas!
Feliz Dia das Familias Surdas!
Published: 2013/05/12
Channel: Nelson Pimenta
pukraj naadsar super hit rajasthani comedy surdas ji
pukraj naadsar super hit rajasthani comedy surdas ji
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: amjad khan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Sur
Sur singing with an Ektara.jpg
Sur singing, holding an Ektara in his hand
Religion Hinduism
Philosophy Bhakti
Known for Influencing the Bhakti movement, Sant Mat, Hymns in the Guru Granth Sahib
Personal
Born uncertain (1478-1483)
assumed Braj, India
Died uncertain (1561-1584)
Braj, India
Literary works Sur Sagar, Sur Saravali, Sahitya Lahari

Surdas (IAST: Sūrdās) was a 16th-century blind Hindu devotional poet and singer, who was known for his lyrics written in praise of Krishna.[1] They are usually written in Braj Bhasa, one of the two literary dialects of Hindi, the other being Awadhi.

Sur is usually regarded as having taken his inspiration from the teachings of Vallabha Acharya, whom he is supposed to have met in 1510. He is said to have become foremost among the poets the Vallabha Sampradaya designates as its Aṣṭachāp (eight seals), following the convention that each poet affixes his oral signature called chap at the end of each composition. However, the absence of Vallabha Acharya from early poems of Sur and the awkward story of their meeting suggests that Sur was an independent poet.

The book Sur Sagar (Sur's Ocean) is traditionally attributed to Sur. However, many of the poems in the book seem to be composed by later poets written in Sur's name. The Sur Sagar in its present form focuses on descriptions of Krishna as a lovable child, written from the gopis' perspective.

Biography[edit]

There is disagreement regarding the exact birth date of Sur, with the general consensus among scholars holding it to be between the years 1478 and 1483. The same is the case with the year of his death; it is considered to be between 1561 and 1584.

The Vallabhite story states that Sur was blind from birth and neglected by his family, forcing him to leave his home at the age of six and live on the banks of Yamuna river. It states that he met Vallabha Acharya and became his disciple while going on a pilgrimage to Vrindavan. However, the authenticity of this legend is disputed due to the absence of Vallabha Acharya from early poems of Sur and the awkward logic of the story. It is likely that Sur was an independent poet, suggested by his acceptance to all communities. He probably became blind later in his life, contrary to the Vallabhite claim.

Poetic works[edit]

Sur is best known for his composition the Sur Sagar. Most of the poems in the composition, although attributed to him, seem to be composed by later poets in his name. Sursagar in its 16th century form contain descriptions of Krishna and Radha as lovers; the longing of Radha and the gopis for Krishna when he is absent and vice versa. In addition, poems of Sur's own personal bhakti are prominent, and episodes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata also appear. The Sursagar’s modern reputation focuses on descriptions of Krishna as a lovable child, usually drawn from the perspective of one of the cowherding gopis of Braj.

Sur also composed the Sur Saravali and Sahitya Lahari. In contempary writings, it is said to contain one lakh verses, out of which many were lost due to obscurity and uncertainty of the times. It is analogical to the festival of Holi, where the Lord is the Great Player, who, in his playful mood, creates the universe and the Primerial man out of himself, who is blessed with the three gunas, namely Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. He describes 24 incarnations of the Lord interspersed with the legends of Dhruva and Prahlada. He then narrates the story of the incarnation of Krishna. This is followed by a description of the Vasant (Spring) and Holi festivals. Sahitya Lahari consists of 118 verses and emphasises on Bhakti (devotion).

Sur's compositions are also found in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs.

Influence[edit]

Bhakti Movement[edit]

Sur was a part of the Bhakti movement spreading across the Indian subcontinent. This movement represented spiritual empowerment of the masses. The corresponding spiritual movement of the masses first happened in South India in the seventh century, and spread to North India in the 14th-17th centuries.

Braj Bhasha[edit]

Sur's poetry was written in a dialect of Hindi called Braj Bhasha, until then considered to be a very plebeian language, as the prevalent literary languages were either Persian or Sanskrit. His work raised the status of Braj Bhasha from a crude language to that of a literary language.

Philosophy[edit]

Astachap[edit]

Eight disciples of Vallabha Acharya are called the Astachap, (Eight Seals), named after the oral signature chap written at the conclusion of literary works. Sur is considered to be the foremost among them, however, his association with the Vallabhite community may well have been invented by Vallabhites. Many of the other poets do show an affiliation with the Astachap.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klaus K. Klostermaier (2007-07-05). A Survey of Hinduism: Third Edition. SUNY Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-7914-7082-4. 

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