Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Enrico Pieranunzi : don
Enrico Pieranunzi : don't forget the poet -- hommage à Bill Evans sur RTL - RTL - RTL
Published: 2011/05/20
Channel: RTL - Toujours avec vous
My Poetry Teacher
My Poetry Teacher
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: TheOdd1sOut
I JUST SUED THE SCHOOL SYSTEM !!!
I JUST SUED THE SCHOOL SYSTEM !!!
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Prince Ea
Billy Collins: Two poems about what dogs think (probably)
Billy Collins: Two poems about what dogs think (probably)
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: TED
"To This Day" ... for the bullied and beautiful | Shane Koyczan
"To This Day" ... for the bullied and beautiful | Shane Koyczan
Published: 2013/03/08
Channel: TED
Become a slam poet in five steps - Gayle Danley
Become a slam poet in five steps - Gayle Danley
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: TED-Ed
Why do we read and write poetry? (Dead Poets Society)
Why do we read and write poetry? (Dead Poets Society)
Published: 2012/03/21
Channel: Santi Abad
Poet  Ankit Trivedi  Present by UtsavGruopRajkot & aakar films   rajkot કવિ  અંકિત ત્રિવેદી
Poet Ankit Trivedi Present by UtsavGruopRajkot & aakar films rajkot કવિ અંકિત ત્રિવેદી
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Rajesh Patel
Seamus Navaro Stories from a beat poet
Seamus Navaro Stories from a beat poet
Published: 2010/07/15
Channel: chau mui
Federico Garcia Lorca 5 Poems from Poet in New York
Federico Garcia Lorca 5 Poems from Poet in New York
Published: 2010/11/06
Channel: PoemsBeingReadALOUD
The days i most remember - poet & the one man band
The days i most remember - poet & the one man band
Published: 2012/12/19
Channel: aristacourt
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 2 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 2 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
Big Sur Poet
Big Sur Poet
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: wsstefan
Keith Douglas  - Battlefield Poet - Documentary - Soldier - Poet
Keith Douglas - Battlefield Poet - Documentary - Soldier - Poet
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: videocurios
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 8 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 8 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
Seamas Navarro, traveling beat poet @ Big Sur - 11/28/2014
Seamas Navarro, traveling beat poet @ Big Sur - 11/28/2014
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Stephen Metzler
Oz : Poet slamme sur l
Oz : Poet slamme sur l'enlevement de la femme du président
Published: 2008/08/04
Channel: futildimanche
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 9 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 9 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
MOV01948 MG Kitane sur maine ga
MOV01948 MG Kitane sur maine ga'ye haim' by poet Gopal Baghel Madhu
Published: 2009/04/09
Channel: AnandaAnubhuti
Manos Hadjidakis for poet Nikos Gatsos
Manos Hadjidakis for poet Nikos Gatsos
Published: 2008/02/15
Channel: zephyrus42
Atahualpa Yupanqui - El Poeta (The Poet)
Atahualpa Yupanqui - El Poeta (The Poet)
Published: 2009/06/06
Channel: Bienlejos
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 10 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 10 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
MBZ Trio - DON
MBZ Trio - DON'T FORGET THE POET (Enrico Pieranunzi)
Published: 2014/07/26
Channel: MBZ Trio
Poet And The One Man Band - The Fable
Poet And The One Man Band - The Fable
Published: 2013/02/06
Channel: TroubadourDog
Bella Akhmadulina  Poet Memoriam
Bella Akhmadulina Poet Memoriam
Published: 2010/11/29
Channel: surcinema
Mumtaz molai New album 23 sur zadi nhn poet paryal mugheri
Mumtaz molai New album 23 sur zadi nhn poet paryal mugheri
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Wafa Paryal Mugheri
Mumtaz molai New album 23 sur zadi  poet aknar
Mumtaz molai New album 23 sur zadi poet aknar
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Babar ALi Chandio
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 5 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 5 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 7 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 7 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
POET X LOVERS - Marion
POET X LOVERS - Marion
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: Francois
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 6 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 6 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
Tuomas Holopainen My Poet Magician
Tuomas Holopainen My Poet Magician
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: odinrock manu
les impressions des faceboukiens sur les traveax du poet royal erfoud
les impressions des faceboukiens sur les traveax du poet royal erfoud
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: belkaid abdou
unique and dashan-poet in my own time
unique and dashan-poet in my own time
Published: 2010/12/17
Channel: unleashmusik
Tom Astor ich bin kein Dichter kein Poet
Tom Astor ich bin kein Dichter kein Poet
Published: 2011/05/21
Channel: TMTransporte
Poet And The One Man Band - Ride Out On The Morning Train ( In The California Dew)
Poet And The One Man Band - Ride Out On The Morning Train ( In The California Dew)
Published: 2013/02/06
Channel: TroubadourDog
Marshallese poet Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner speaking at the UN Climate Leaders Summit in 2014
Marshallese poet Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner speaking at the UN Climate Leaders Summit in 2014
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Global Call for Climate Action
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 3 of 10
JW Winslow - Artist, Author, Poet - 3 of 10
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: J.W. Winslow
Poet And The One Man Band - Good Evening Mr. Jones
Poet And The One Man Band - Good Evening Mr. Jones
Published: 2013/02/06
Channel: TroubadourDog
ALIAS POET "Inutil"
ALIAS POET "Inutil"
Published: 2012/01/27
Channel: MrCharlistone
Dear Future Generations: Sorry
Dear Future Generations: Sorry
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Prince Ea
The Poet, un film documentaire de Thomas Malsoute. Teaser # 1.
The Poet, un film documentaire de Thomas Malsoute. Teaser # 1.
Published: 2012/09/03
Channel: Thomas Malsoute
Statement and poem by Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, Climate Summit 2014 - Opening Ceremony
Statement and poem by Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, Climate Summit 2014 - Opening Ceremony
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: United Nations
Silent Lambs Project - Paid Poet
Silent Lambs Project - Paid Poet
Published: 2015/01/18
Channel: TheIronSifu
DADU ME THAI JADU     singer: GUL HASSAN GUL Poet:KHADIM CHINJNI
DADU ME THAI JADU singer: GUL HASSAN GUL Poet:KHADIM CHINJNI
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: SUR MUSIC
SINDH AMAR JO SAD THIYO...MASTER WALI Poet:Danish arain
SINDH AMAR JO SAD THIYO...MASTER WALI Poet:Danish arain
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: SUR MUSIC
{CSO} Le Poet
{CSO} Le Poet
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Les Cavalieres De Cheval-Blanc
MONHANJA MOLLAH  by:ASHIQ SOLANGI Poet: ZAFAR DETHO
MONHANJA MOLLAH by:ASHIQ SOLANGI Poet: ZAFAR DETHO
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: SUR MUSIC
Gkahn - Poet No1
Gkahn - Poet No1
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: giorgio .dj
Tim Minchin
Tim Minchin's Storm the Animated Movie
Published: 2011/04/07
Channel: stormmovie
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Surdas)
Jump to: navigation, search
Sur
Sur singing with an Ektara.jpg
Sur singing, holding an Ektara in his hand
Religion Hinduism
Philosophy Bhakti
Known for Influencing the Bhakti movement, Sant Mat, Hymns in the Guru Granth Sahib
Personal
Born uncertain (1478-1483)
assumed Braj, India
Died uncertain (1561-1584)
Braj, India
Literary works Sur Sagar, Sur Saravali, Sahitya Lahari

Sur (IAST: Sūr, Devanagari: सूर) was a 16th-century blind Hindu devotional poet and singer, who was known for his lyrics written in praise of Krishna.[1] They are usually written in Braj Bhasa, one of the two literary dialects of Hindi, the other being Awadhi.

Sur is usually regarded as having taken his inspiration from the teachings of Vallabha Acharya, whom he is supposed to have met in 1510. He is said to have become foremost among the poets the Vallabha Sampradaya designates as its Aṣṭachāp (eight seals), following the convention that each poet affixes his oral signature called chap at the end of each composition. However, the absence of Vallabha Acharya from early poems of Sur and the awkward story of their meeting suggests that Sur was an independent poet.

The book Sur Sagar (Sur's Ocean) is traditionally attributed to Sur. However, many of the poems in the book seem to be written by later poets in Sur's name. The Sur Sagar in its present form focuses on descriptions of Krishna as a lovable child, written from the gopis' perspective.

Biography[edit]

There is disagreement regarding the exact birth date of Sur, with the general consensus among scholars holding it to be between the years 1478 and 1483. The same is the case with the year of his death; it is considered to be between 1561 and 1584.

The Vallabhite story states that Sur was blind from birth and neglected by his family, forcing him to leave his home at the age of six and live on the banks of Yamuna river. It states that he met Vallabha Acharya and became his disciple while going on a pilgrimage to Vrindavan. However, the authenticity of this legend is disputed due to the absence of Vallabha Acharya from early poems of Sur and the awkward logic of the story. It is likely that Sur was an independent poet, suggested by his acceptance to all communities. He probably became blind later in his life, contrary to the Vallabhite claim.

Poetic works[edit]

Sur is best known for his composition the Sur Sagar. Most of the poems in the composition, although attributed to him, seem to be composed by later poets in his name. Sursagar in its 16th century form contain descriptions of Krishna and Radha as lovers; the longing of Radha and the gopis for Krishna when he is absent and vice versa. In addition, poems of Sur's own personal bhakti are prominent, and episodes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata also appear. The Sursagar’s modern reputation focuses on descriptions of Krishna as a lovable child, usually drawn from the perspective of one of the cowherding gopis of Braj.

Sur also composed the Sur Saravali and Sahitya Lahari. In contempary writings, it is said to contain one lakh verses, out of which many were lost due to obscurity and uncertainty of the times. It is analogical to the festival of Holi, where the Lord is the Great Player, who, in his playful mood, creates the universe and the Primerial man out of himself, who is blessed with the three gunas, namely Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. He describes 24 incarnations of the Lord interspersed with the legends of Dhruva and Prahlada. He then narrates the story of the incarnation of Krishna. This is followed by a description of the Vasant (Spring) and Holi festivals. Sahitya Lahari consists of 118 verses and emphasises on Bhakti (devotion).

Sur's compositions are also found in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs.

Influence[edit]

Bhakti Movement[edit]

Sur was a part of the Bhakti movement spreading across the Indian subcontinent. This movement represented spiritual empowerment of the masses. The corresponding spiritual movement of the masses first happened in South India in the seventh century, and spread to North India in the 14th-17th centuries.

Braj Bhasha[edit]

Sur's poetry was written in a dialect of Hindi called Braj Bhasha, until then considered to be a very plebeian language, as the prevalent literary languages were either Persian or Sanskrit. His work raised the status of Braj Bhasha from a crude language to that of a literary one.

Philosophy[edit]

Astachap[edit]

Eight disciples of Vallabha Acharya are called the Astachap, (Eight Seals), named after the oral signature chap written at the conclusion of literary works. Sur is considered to be the foremost among them, however, his association with the Vallabhite community may well have been invented by Vallabhites. Many of the other poets do show an affiliation with the Astachap.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klaus K. Klostermaier (2007-07-05). A Survey of Hinduism: Third Edition. SUNY Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-7914-7082-4. 

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license