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Flora of Surguja district of Indian state Chhattisgarh. Part-110 © Pankaj Oudhia
Flora of Surguja district of Indian state Chhattisgarh. Part-110 © Pankaj Oudhia
::2011/04/29::
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Amritdhara waterfall-manendragarh,Best picnic-spot for Koria n Surguja District.mp4
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::2010/03/16::
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District Panchayat Surguja Election equation
District Panchayat Surguja Election equation
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SURGUJA : PWD Department Corruption
SURGUJA : PWD Department Corruption
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100 ELEPHANT IN SURGUJA FOREST
100 ELEPHANT IN SURGUJA FOREST
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Jashpur District A Historical Place in Chhattisgarh
Jashpur District A Historical Place in Chhattisgarh
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Mid Day Meal New Source of Corruption
Mid Day Meal New Source of Corruption
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Beautiful Waterfall in Khutaghat Dam Bilaspur Ratanpur Chhattisgarh Tourist Place
Beautiful Waterfall in Khutaghat Dam Bilaspur Ratanpur Chhattisgarh Tourist Place
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Documetary on Surguja Suposhan Abhiyan- A mission to Combat Malnutrition
Documetary on Surguja Suposhan Abhiyan- A mission to Combat Malnutrition
::2013/12/26::
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Narendra modi addresses Chattisgarh rally from Red fort replica
Narendra modi addresses Chattisgarh rally from Red fort replica
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Tatapani- Geothermal Energy Source
Tatapani- Geothermal Energy Source
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Hasdeo River Fluid Janjgir Champa Chhattisgarh
Hasdeo River Fluid Janjgir Champa Chhattisgarh
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Patharia Motimpur A Beautiful Tourist Place of Chhattisgarh
Patharia Motimpur A Beautiful Tourist Place of Chhattisgarh
::2014/07/07::
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Folk Song Domkach
Folk Song Domkach
::2011/11/08::
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Karma Bhimsaria - Pandit Ram invokes the rains
Karma Bhimsaria - Pandit Ram invokes the rains
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rakasganda .........by rishabh
rakasganda .........by rishabh
::2014/05/24::
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Wait for Installment
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Corruption in Fair Price shop
Corruption in Fair Price shop
::2014/12/17::
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Chhattisgarh Video
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Action Plan on Malnutrition - Surguja Division
Action Plan on Malnutrition - Surguja Division
::2015/03/20::
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 1.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 1.The villages of India.
::2011/06/14::
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 10.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 10.The villages of India.
::2011/06/14::
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Shri Narendra Modi addressing a Public Meeting in Surguja, Chhattisgarh
Shri Narendra Modi addressing a Public Meeting in Surguja, Chhattisgarh
::2014/04/20::
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Indira Awaas Yojana Obstructed by Corruption
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 2.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 2.The villages of India.
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 11.The villages of India.
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BEAUTIFUL DANCE FRM TRIBAL(ADIVASIS)INDIANS.3gp
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SURGUJA NACHE C G  SONG
SURGUJA NACHE C G SONG'S BY UPENDRA
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 3.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 3.The villages of India.
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 7.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 7.The villages of India.
::2011/06/14::
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crusher plant in chhattisgarh
crusher plant in chhattisgarh
::2014/04/15::
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 9.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 9.The villages of India.
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 8.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 8.The villages of India.
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Ghasia baja of Dhourpur Surguja
Ghasia baja of Dhourpur Surguja
::2014/02/19::
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 4.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 4.The villages of India.
::2011/06/14::
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 6.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 6.The villages of India.
::2011/06/14::
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Do Shatru (1980) Part 5.The villages of India.
Do Shatru (1980) Part 5.The villages of India.
::2011/06/14::
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Tatapni.Surguja mp4
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::2010/07/21::
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Shimla of Surguja mainpat-surguja-chattisgarh
Shimla of Surguja mainpat-surguja-chattisgarh
::2010/12/27::
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ASI Police Entry Chhattisgarh Bilaspur
ASI Police Entry Chhattisgarh Bilaspur
::2014/07/15::
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Mainpat, Surguja, Chhattisgarh, India.
Mainpat, Surguja, Chhattisgarh, India.
::2009/11/09::
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IAS RITU SEN,COLLECTOR SURGUJA
IAS RITU SEN,COLLECTOR SURGUJA
::2014/05/03::
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SONIA GANDHI IN BHATGAON (SURGUJA LOKSABHA)
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::2014/04/18::
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::2010/12/27::
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::2014/04/22::
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Yoga Camp Ambikapur,Surguja by Swami Ramdev on Date 07 10 2013
Yoga Camp Ambikapur,Surguja by Swami Ramdev on Date 07 10 2013
::2014/01/07::
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Surguja Palace, Ambikapur
Surguja Palace, Ambikapur
::2012/08/27::
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SURGUJA : Corruption in Dam Construction
SURGUJA : Corruption in Dam Construction
::2014/07/14::
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Sai college Ambikapur surguja (c.g.) GROUP DANCE BY ARVIND.mpg
Sai college Ambikapur surguja (c.g.) GROUP DANCE BY ARVIND.mpg
::2011/01/13::
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Bouncing land of india Manpat Surguja Chhattisgarh by Mrigendra Singhdev
Bouncing land of india Manpat Surguja Chhattisgarh by Mrigendra Singhdev
::2009/11/10::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Surguja district
सरगुजा जिला
District of Chhattisgarh
Location of Surguja district in Chhattisgarh
Location of Surguja district in Chhattisgarh
Country India
State Chhattisgarh
Headquarters Ambikapur, India
Area
 • Total 15,732 km2 (6,074 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,361,329
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 61.16
 • Sex ratio 991
Website Official website

Surguja District (सरगुजा) is a district in the northern part of the state of Chhattisgarh in India. The district headquarters is Ambikapur.

The district borders on the states of Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, and overlaps the southeastern part of the Vindhyachal-Baghelkhand region of peninsular India.

History[edit]

According to legend, Lord Rama had visited Surguja during his 14 years of exile into the forests. There are many places in connection to epic of Ramayana, which are named after Lord Rama, Laxmana and Goddess Sita such as Ramgarh, Sita-Bhengra and Laxmangarh.[1]

Prior to the arrival of the Mauryas, the area was ruled by the Nandas. In the third century BC the region was divided into tiny kingdoms. Later, a Rajput king belonging to the Rakshal clan, attacked from what is now Jharkhand, and took control of the area. In 1820, Amar Singh was crowned as Maharaja. During the British period, Surguja State was a princely state.[1][2]

The district is currently a part of the Red corridor.[3]

Geography[edit]

It lies between 23°37'25" to 24°6'17" north latitude and 81°34'40" to 84°4'40" east longitude. 244.62 kilometres (152.00 mi) long east to west and 67.37 kilometres (41.86 mi) broad north to south, this land has as area of about 16,359 square kilometres (6,316 sq mi).[1]

The high-lands of Surguja district have peculiar 'pat formations' – highlands with small tablelands. The Mainpat, the Jarang pat, the Jonka pat, the Jamira pat and the Lahsunpat are the major parts of the district. The average height of area is above 600 metres (2,000 ft). Some of peaks are – Mailan 1,226 metres (4,022 ft), Jam 1,166 metres (3,825 ft), Parta Gharsa 1,159 metres (3,802 ft), Kanda Dara 1,149 metres (3,770 ft), Chutai 1,131 metres (3,711 ft), and Karo 1,105 metres (3,625 ft). There are a number of other peaks. North–west Surguja is hilly in nature, and moving westwards, three distinct steps may be marked out: the first from Shrinagar on the east to the low-lands of Patna and Khargawan, the second from thence to the uplands around Sonhat and the third beyond Sonhat to above a height of 1,033 metres (3,389 ft). Central Surguja is a low basin through which the Rihand and its tributaries flow.[1]

There are three river basins in Suguja district – those of the Hasdeo River, the Rihand River and the Kanhar River.[1]

In winters temperature dips to below 5 °C (41 °F) and in summers it rises above 46 °C (115 °F).

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Surguja district has a population of 2,361,329,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[5] or the US state of New Mexico.[6] This gives it a ranking of 192nd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 150 inhabitants per square kilometre (390/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.74%.[4] Surguja has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 61.16%.[4]

Major population comprises tribal population. Among the primitive tribes are Pando and Korwa, who still live in forest. The Pando tribe believes themselves as the member of "Pandav" clan of epic Mahabharata. The Korwa tribe believes themselves to be member of "Kauravs" of Mahabharata.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Bharia, a Dravidian vernacular spoken by at least 200,000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.[7]

Culture[edit]

The first Asian film to win a Green Oscar, The Last Migration, was filmed in Surguja by the wild life film maker Mike Pandey. Sonabai is a clay sculptor famous for her tribal and folk artform.

The famous book on the truth of fake saints specially of so-called Asaram Bapu/Asharam Bapu was written in this district 14 years ago i.e. in the year, 2000 by First Chartered Accountant, Author, BJP Leader and Social worker CA. Somraj Agarwalji. The name of the book is 'KADUA SACH'. Second elaborated edition of the book was published in the year, 2008.

References[edit]

-Surguja ka ek Adhyaan, by Samar Bahadur Singhdeo, 1957 Varanasi. Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely stastes aur Jamindariyaa (Vaibhav Prakashan, Raipur1, ISBN 81-89244-96-5)

Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes (Mansi publication, Delhi6, ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8)

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Surguja". Surguja district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  2. ^ "Surguja (Princely State)". Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Mexico - 2,059,179 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bharia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°07′N 83°12′E / 23.117°N 83.200°E / 23.117; 83.200

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