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1
Flora of Surguja district of Indian state Chhattisgarh. Part-110 © Pankaj Oudhia
Flora of Surguja district of Indian state Chhattisgarh. Part-110 © Pankaj Oudhia
::2011/04/29::
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2
Amritdhara waterfall-manendragarh,Best picnic-spot for Koria n Surguja District.mp4
Amritdhara waterfall-manendragarh,Best picnic-spot for Koria n Surguja District.mp4
::2010/03/16::
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SURGUJA : PWD Department Corruption
SURGUJA : PWD Department Corruption
::2014/06/11::
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4
Documetary on Surguja Suposhan Abhiyan- A mission to Combat Malnutrition
Documetary on Surguja Suposhan Abhiyan- A mission to Combat Malnutrition
::2013/12/26::
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5
Hasdeo River Fluid Janjgir Champa Chhattisgarh
Hasdeo River Fluid Janjgir Champa Chhattisgarh
::2014/06/22::
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6
Beautiful Waterfall in Khutaghat Dam Bilaspur Ratanpur Chhattisgarh Tourist Place
Beautiful Waterfall in Khutaghat Dam Bilaspur Ratanpur Chhattisgarh Tourist Place
::2014/07/06::
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7
rakasganda .........by rishabh
rakasganda .........by rishabh
::2014/05/24::
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8
Patharia Motimpur A Beautiful Tourist Place of Chhattisgarh
Patharia Motimpur A Beautiful Tourist Place of Chhattisgarh
::2014/07/07::
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9
India News : Narendra modi addresses Chattisgarh rally from Red fort replica
India News : Narendra modi addresses Chattisgarh rally from Red fort replica
::2013/09/07::
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10
Folk Song Domkach
Folk Song Domkach
::2011/11/08::
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11
Guj CM Narendra Modi to address rally in Chhattisgarh
Guj CM Narendra Modi to address rally in Chhattisgarh
::2013/09/08::
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12
Modi govt wasted 2 crore to Red Fort-like stage in Chhattisgarh ?
Modi govt wasted 2 crore to Red Fort-like stage in Chhattisgarh ?
::2013/09/07::
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13
Chhattisgarh Video
Chhattisgarh Video
::2009/05/07::
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14
Haunting Thunders of Chhattisgarh Jungles
Haunting Thunders of Chhattisgarh Jungles
::2013/06/14::
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15
Karma Bhimsaria - Pandit Ram invokes the rains
Karma Bhimsaria - Pandit Ram invokes the rains
::2010/07/04::
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Ghasia baja of Dhourpur Surguja
Ghasia baja of Dhourpur Surguja
::2014/02/19::
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17
Surguja : Boycott of parliamentary elections
Surguja : Boycott of parliamentary elections
::2014/04/14::
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Sveep Surguja Exibition vedio
Sveep Surguja Exibition vedio
::2013/11/10::
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Ramgadh Surguja
Ramgadh Surguja
::2014/06/14::
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20
SVEEP SURGUJA- APAR COLLECTOR SRI N.N. EKKA
SVEEP SURGUJA- APAR COLLECTOR SRI N.N. EKKA
::2014/03/08::
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21
Yoga Camp Ambikapur,Surguja by Swami Ramdev on Date 07 10 2013
Yoga Camp Ambikapur,Surguja by Swami Ramdev on Date 07 10 2013
::2014/01/07::
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22
SVEEP SURGUJA VEDIO STATE CHHATTISGARH
SVEEP SURGUJA VEDIO STATE CHHATTISGARH
::2013/11/07::
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Surguja Constituency MP is Unhelpful
Surguja Constituency MP is Unhelpful
::2014/04/11::
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IAS RITU SEN,COLLECTOR SURGUJA
IAS RITU SEN,COLLECTOR SURGUJA
::2014/05/03::
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SONIA GANDHI IN BHATGAON (SURGUJA LOKSABHA)
SONIA GANDHI IN BHATGAON (SURGUJA LOKSABHA)
::2014/04/18::
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Member of Parliament Surguja Kamalban Singh
Member of Parliament Surguja Kamalban Singh
::2014/05/18::
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27
Durga Pooja Bishrampur Surguja Chhattisgarh.mp4
Durga Pooja Bishrampur Surguja Chhattisgarh.mp4
::2011/10/06::
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28
SURGUJA : Corruption in Dam Construction
SURGUJA : Corruption in Dam Construction
::2014/07/14::
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29
Surguja
Surguja's 100-year-old woman casts her vote, sets an example for youths
::2014/04/25::
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30
sitapur surguja
sitapur surguja
::2013/08/14::
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31
Surguja Mahal....
Surguja Mahal....
::2014/02/16::
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32
Adani Coal Mines, Udaipur (Surguja-Chhattisgarh)
Adani Coal Mines, Udaipur (Surguja-Chhattisgarh)
::2013/12/21::
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33
SVEEP SURGUJA- EE RES DN AMBIKAPUR
SVEEP SURGUJA- EE RES DN AMBIKAPUR
::2014/04/07::
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34
lalbabu murder case ambikapur surguja
lalbabu murder case ambikapur surguja
::2009/10/26::
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35
Surguja Palace, Ambikapur
Surguja Palace, Ambikapur
::2012/08/27::
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36
Shimla of Surguja mainpat-surguja-chattisgarh
Shimla of Surguja mainpat-surguja-chattisgarh
::2010/12/27::
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37
Folk Music Surguja
Folk Music Surguja
::2011/09/28::
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38
AMBIHIRATH SINGH DEO KI YAHI PUKAR, IS BAR MODI SARKAR..AMBIKAPUR SURGUJA CHHATTISGARH BJP 1
AMBIHIRATH SINGH DEO KI YAHI PUKAR, IS BAR MODI SARKAR..AMBIKAPUR SURGUJA CHHATTISGARH BJP 1
::2014/04/28::
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39
Tatapni.Surguja mp4
Tatapni.Surguja mp4
::2010/07/21::
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40
Mainpat, Surguja, Chhattisgarh, India.
Mainpat, Surguja, Chhattisgarh, India.
::2009/11/09::
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41
MNREGA scam: Rs 16 lakh siphoned off in Chhattisgarh
MNREGA scam: Rs 16 lakh siphoned off in Chhattisgarh's Surguja
::2012/06/07::
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42
RATHORE KI DADAGERI : NJFI E NEWS :- KHADYA VIBHAG AMBIKAPUR,SURGUJA,CG
RATHORE KI DADAGERI : NJFI E NEWS :- KHADYA VIBHAG AMBIKAPUR,SURGUJA,CG
::2013/09/28::
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43
FISH POINT MAINPAT SURGUJA
FISH POINT MAINPAT SURGUJA
::2012/10/24::
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mainpat-surguja-chattisgarh
mainpat-surguja-chattisgarh
::2010/12/27::
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Surguja - Anchal Kumar Sinha - DASHA
Surguja - Anchal Kumar Sinha - DASHA
::2011/08/18::
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Netam byan Surguja News
Netam byan Surguja News
::2010/11/28::
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47
Chadra Prakash Neeraj surguja.FLV
Chadra Prakash Neeraj surguja.FLV
::2012/01/06::
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48
VEDANTA BALCO NEWS 452 - SURGUJA - CENTRALISED KITCHEN - MOU - 2012.wmv
VEDANTA BALCO NEWS 452 - SURGUJA - CENTRALISED KITCHEN - MOU - 2012.wmv
::2012/04/09::
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Bouncing land of india Manpat Surguja Chhattisgarh by Mrigendra Singhdev
Bouncing land of india Manpat Surguja Chhattisgarh by Mrigendra Singhdev
::2009/11/10::
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TIGER POINT MAINPAT SURGUJA
TIGER POINT MAINPAT SURGUJA
::2012/10/24::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Surguja district
सरगुजा जिला
District of Chhattisgarh
Location of Surguja district in Chhattisgarh
Location of Surguja district in Chhattisgarh
Country India
State Chhattisgarh
Headquarters Ambikapur, India
Area
 • Total 15,732 km2 (6,074 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,361,329
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 61.16
 • Sex ratio 991
Website Official website

Surguja District (सरगुजा) is a district in the northern part of the state of Chhattisgarh in India. The district headquarters is Ambikapur.

The district borders on the states of Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, and overlaps the southeastern part of the Vindhyachal-Baghelkhand region of peninsular India.

History[edit]

According to legend, Lord Rama had visited Surguja during his 14 years of exile into the forests. There are many places in connection to epic of Ramayana, which are named after Lord Rama, Laxmana and Goddess Sita such as Ramgarh, Sita-Bhengra and Laxmangarh.[1]

Prior to the arrival of the Mauryas, the area was ruled by the Nandas. In the third century BC the region was divided into tiny kingdoms. Later, a Rajput king belonging to the Rakshal clan, attacked from what is now Jharkhand, and took control of the area. In 1820, Amar Singh was crowned as Maharaja. During the British period, Surguja State was a princely state.[1][2]

The district is currently a part of the Red corridor.[3]

Geography[edit]

It lies between 23°37'25" to 24°6'17" north latitude and 81°34'40" to 84°4'40" east longitude. 244.62 kilometres (152.00 mi) long east to west and 67.37 kilometres (41.86 mi) broad north to south, this land has as area of about 16,359 square kilometres (6,316 sq mi).[1]

The high-lands of Surguja district have peculiar 'pat formations' – highlands with small tablelands. The Mainpat, the Jarang pat, the Jonka pat, the Jamira pat and the Lahsunpat are the major parts of the district. The average height of area is above 600 metres (2,000 ft). Some of peaks are – Mailan 1,226 metres (4,022 ft), Jam 1,166 metres (3,825 ft), Parta Gharsa 1,159 metres (3,802 ft), Kanda Dara 1,149 metres (3,770 ft), Chutai 1,131 metres (3,711 ft), and Karo 1,105 metres (3,625 ft). There are a number of other peaks. North–west Surguja is hilly in nature, and moving westwards, three distinct steps may be marked out: the first from Shrinagar on the east to the low-lands of Patna and Khargawan, the second from thence to the uplands around Sonhat and the third beyond Sonhat to above a height of 1,033 metres (3,389 ft). Central Surguja is a low basin through which the Rihand and its tributaries flow.[1]

There are three river basins in Suguja district – those of the Hasdeo River, the Rihand River and the Kanhar River.[1]

In winters temperature dips to below 5 °C (41 °F) and in summers it rises above 46 °C (115 °F).

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Surguja district has a population of 2,361,329,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[5] or the US state of New Mexico.[6] This gives it a ranking of 192nd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 150 inhabitants per square kilometre (390 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.74%.[4] Surguja has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 61.16%.[4]

Major population comprises tribal population. Among the primitive tribes are Pando and Korwa, who still live in forest. The Pando tribe believes themselves as the member of "Pandav" clan of epic Mahabharata. The Korwa tribe believes themselves to be member of "Kauravs" of Mahabharata.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Bharia, a Dravidian vernacular spoken by at least 200,000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.[7]

Culture[edit]

The first Asian film to win a Green Oscar, The Last Migration, was filmed in Surguja by the wild life film maker Mike Pandey. Sonabai is a clay sculptor famous for her tribal and folk artform.

The famous book on the truth of fake saints specially of so called Bapu was written in this district 14 years ago i.e. in the year, 2000 by First Chartered Accountant, Author, BJP Leader and Social worker CA. Somraj Agarwalji. The name of the book is 'KADUA SACH'. Second elaborated edition of the book will be published in the year, 2008.

References[edit]

Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely stastes aur Jamindariyaa (Vaibhav Prakashan, Raipur1, ISBN 81-89244-96-5)

Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes (Mansi publication, Delhi6, ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8)

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Surguja". Surguja district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  2. ^ "Surguja (Princely State)". Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179" 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bharia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°07′N 83°12′E / 23.117°N 83.200°E / 23.117; 83.200

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