Play Video
1
Svans-Upper  Georgians
Svans-Upper Georgians
::2011/12/03::
Play Video
2
Svans of north Georgia -- Svanetia -- Georgian folk music
Svans of north Georgia -- Svanetia -- Georgian folk music
::2013/10/13::
Play Video
3
SVANS - Vindermelodien af Bøssehusets Kønspolitiske Melodi GraM Prix 2013
SVANS - Vindermelodien af Bøssehusets Kønspolitiske Melodi GraM Prix 2013
::2013/05/25::
Play Video
4
Ørkenens sønner Doktor Svans
Ørkenens sønner Doktor Svans
::2009/04/13::
Play Video
5
TAURENU IELA EDUARDS SVANS 2014/09/20
TAURENU IELA EDUARDS SVANS 2014/09/20
::2014/09/19::
Play Video
6
flyt dig nu din svans!
flyt dig nu din svans!
::2010/04/29::
Play Video
7
svans
svans
::2013/03/05::
Play Video
8
Ekorren viftar på sin svans.AVI
Ekorren viftar på sin svans.AVI
::2010/06/01::
Play Video
9
Med øks og svans
Med øks og svans
::2013/09/20::
Play Video
10
Plupp sjunger Ekorren, ekorren skakar på sin svans
Plupp sjunger Ekorren, ekorren skakar på sin svans
::2010/02/15::
Play Video
11
Linneas hårmode: Klassisk stram svans med Elnett
Linneas hårmode: Klassisk stram svans med Elnett
::2014/09/19::
Play Video
12
James Kayn feat. Fearrington - I Din Club (Dans Din Svans)
James Kayn feat. Fearrington - I Din Club (Dans Din Svans)
::2008/08/26::
Play Video
13
Jan Gintberg (Svans)
Jan Gintberg (Svans)
::2013/02/17::
Play Video
14
Trafikmagasinet provkör Gunde Svans rallyracer
Trafikmagasinet provkör Gunde Svans rallyracer
::2012/08/27::
Play Video
15
Kaukasisk ovtjarka med kattunge som leker i hans svans
Kaukasisk ovtjarka med kattunge som leker i hans svans
::2009/07/18::
Play Video
16
Du kan være platugle, svans og svensker.
Du kan være platugle, svans og svensker.
::2013/10/13::
Play Video
17
Hönrietta svans-attackeras i Almedalen
Hönrietta svans-attackeras i Almedalen
::2012/07/02::
Play Video
18
Svan Song: Svans Proud  Kartvelians (Georgians)! Svans, northern Georgians
Svan Song: Svans Proud Kartvelians (Georgians)! Svans, northern Georgians
::2008/10/03::
Play Video
19
Bea har en svans!
Bea har en svans!
::2014/08/28::
Play Video
20
Russian occupants in the Land of the Svans
Russian occupants in the Land of the Svans
::2014/09/18::
Play Video
21
Fisken har en svans
Fisken har en svans
::2014/09/16::
Play Video
22
Virad svans
Virad svans
::2009/11/05::
Play Video
23
p9z_fan - Jeg vil have skæget MED BEAT SVANS!
p9z_fan - Jeg vil have skæget MED BEAT SVANS!
::2014/09/27::
Play Video
24
Svanur í Háska, Háskaför Svans og Svaðilför Hansa
Svanur í Háska, Háskaför Svans og Svaðilför Hansa
::2010/11/23::
Play Video
25
Augustus and Svans -SchnitzelCo Origins -Episode 1
Augustus and Svans -SchnitzelCo Origins -Episode 1
::2014/09/01::
Play Video
26
pigeons svans
pigeons svans
::2008/03/14::
Play Video
27
Senila Samtal - Svans i mungipan
Senila Samtal - Svans i mungipan
::2009/08/13::
Play Video
28
Information about Pinhole Surgical Technique: Dr Svans (480) 219-8760
Information about Pinhole Surgical Technique: Dr Svans (480) 219-8760
::2014/10/21::
Play Video
29
Moomin Voices - Alla små djur slår rosett på sin svans
Moomin Voices - Alla små djur slår rosett på sin svans
::2012/08/18::
Play Video
30
Ekorre viftar på sin svans
Ekorre viftar på sin svans
::2009/09/18::
Play Video
31
Hur björnen blev utan svans - Elsa och Lisa
Hur björnen blev utan svans - Elsa och Lisa
::2014/03/19::
Play Video
32
Gammeldans med svans i Hundhallen i Haninge
Gammeldans med svans i Hundhallen i Haninge
::2014/02/22::
Play Video
33
Massey Ferguson, Kverneland og Sami svans
Massey Ferguson, Kverneland og Sami svans
::2014/06/05::
Play Video
34
Var är min svans? Musikaliskt trolläventyr för barn
Var är min svans? Musikaliskt trolläventyr för barn
::2010/04/23::
Play Video
35
Elins Redigerings Guide [Huvud/Man/Svans/Träns]
Elins Redigerings Guide [Huvud/Man/Svans/Träns]
::2014/06/27::
Play Video
36
RC BOAT JET BOAT WITH SVANS AND UNDERWATER SHOTS
RC BOAT JET BOAT WITH SVANS AND UNDERWATER SHOTS
::2012/04/27::
Play Video
37
Ebbas glada svans
Ebbas glada svans
::2014/12/07::
Play Video
38
Stämningar av en katt kan kännas igen av sin svans. Tail ställningar av en katt.
Stämningar av en katt kan kännas igen av sin svans. Tail ställningar av en katt.
::2014/10/27::
Play Video
39
Gammeldans med svans på Stockholm Hundmässa 2013
Gammeldans med svans på Stockholm Hundmässa 2013
::2013/12/08::
Play Video
40
Stina jagar sin svans
Stina jagar sin svans
::2013/03/04::
Play Video
41
Norsk Skogkatt kattunge jagar sin egen svans
Norsk Skogkatt kattunge jagar sin egen svans
::2010/07/18::
Play Video
42
DUCKS, GEESE, SVANS
DUCKS, GEESE, SVANS
::2013/06/14::
Play Video
43
siggi svans partý dreki.
siggi svans partý dreki.
::2008/07/03::
Play Video
44
Jaga svans
Jaga svans
::2012/04/06::
Play Video
45
James Kayn feat Fearrington - I Din Club (Dans Din Svans)
James Kayn feat Fearrington - I Din Club (Dans Din Svans)
::2009/02/05::
Play Video
46
Moa Svans ångestlista - Punkt 4 & 5
Moa Svans ångestlista - Punkt 4 & 5
::2011/03/03::
Play Video
47
KOPPARÖDLA utan svans
KOPPARÖDLA utan svans
::2014/04/24::
Play Video
48
Linneas hårmode: Romantisk svans
Linneas hårmode: Romantisk svans
::2014/11/30::
Play Video
49
Amstaff valpen leker med sin svans
Amstaff valpen leker med sin svans
::2013/02/12::
Play Video
50
TM404 -- 303 303 303 606 606
TM404 -- 303 303 303 606 606
::2013/10/17::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Svan people)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a people in the Caucasus. For other meanings, see Svans (disambiguation).
Svans
Svan: შვანარ shvanar
Georgian: სვანი svani
Vittorio Sella. The Gelovani.jpg
Total population
c. 14,000[1] - 30,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
 Georgia 14,000[1]-30,000[2]
 Russia 45 (2010)[3]
Languages
Svan, Georgian
Religion
Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity
(Georgian Orthodox Church)
Part of a series on
Georgians
ქართველები
Mingrelian traditional costumes (1881).jpg
The
Kartvelian
people
Nation
Georgia
Ancient Kartvelian people
Subgroups
Culture
Languages
Religion
Symbols
History of Georgia

The Svans (Georgian: სვანი, Svani) are an ethnic subgroup of the Georgians (Kartvelians)[4][5][6][7][8][1][9][10][11] living mostly in Svaneti, a region in northwest Georgia. They speak the Svan language and are mostly bilingual also in Georgian. Both these languages belong to the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) language family. In the pre-1930 Soviet census, the Svans were afforded their own "ethnic group" (natsional'nost) category.[12] The self-designation of the Svan is Mushüan, which is probably reflected in the ethnonym Misimian of the Classical authors.[13]

History[edit]

Distribution of the Svan language in relation to other Kartvelian (South Caucasian) languages.
Svan with dagger and long smoking pipe. Mestia (~1888–1900)

The Svans are usually identified with the Sanni mentioned by Greek geographer Strabo, who placed them more or less in the area still occupied by the modern-day Svans.

In the Russian Empire and early Soviet Union Mingrelians and Svans had their own census grouping, but were classified under the broader category of Georgian thereafter in the 1930s. They are Georgian Orthodox Christians, and were Christianized in the 4th–6th centuries. However, some remnants of pre-Christian beliefs have been maintained. Saint George (known as Jgëræg to the locals), a patron saint of Georgia, is the most respected saint. The Svans have retained many of their old traditions, including blood revenge (although this tradition has been declining over time, as law enforcement takes hold). Their families are small, and the husband is the head of his family. The Svan strongly respect the older women in families.

Language[edit]

Typically bilingual, they use both Georgian and their own, unwritten Svan language. However, Svan is being largely replaced by Georgian, which is the language of culture and education in Georgia.

Culture[edit]

Svan culture survives most wonderfully in its songs and round dances. Svaneti boasts archaic three part polyphony, known as chordal unit polyphony, with strong dissonant harmonies. Traditional Svan poetry is still not separated from song and has no rhymed poetry. Svans are skillful artists and as Svaneti was widely regarded as the most inaccessible region of Georgia, many items of medieval Georgian state treasury (including the rare manuscripts of the bible) are still stored in Svaneti.

Famous Svans[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Joshuaproject. Svanetian, Mushwan
  2. ^ a b DoBeS (Dokumentation Bedrohter Sprachen, Documentation of Endangered Languages)
  3. ^ Russian census 2010
  4. ^ Stephen F. Jones. Svans. World Culture Encyclopedia. Retrieved on March 13, 2011: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  5. ^ The Svans Kevin Tuite Université de Montréal 1992: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  6. ^ Britannica. Caucasian peoples: «The Caucasian peoples ... The southerners, comprising the Georgians, the closely related Mingrelians and Laz, and the Svan, make up the Republic of Georgia and live in western Transcaucasia (the Laz live in Turkish territory).»
  7. ^ R. Wixman. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook (p.181): «Svan ... The Svanetians are one of the Kartvelian peoples of the Georgian SSR»
  8. ^ Levinson, David. Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1998. p 35
  9. ^ D.N. Ushakov's Dictionary
  10. ^ Modern Dictionary of Russian language. Efremova T.F. 2000
  11. ^ Ethnologue. Language Family Trees-Svan
  12. ^ National population census ZSFSR 1926
  13. ^ History of Georgian Mountein Regions / R. Topchishvili. Available at The National Parliamentary Library of Georgia

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014