1
Svans of north Georgia -- Svanetia -- Georgian folk music
Svans of north Georgia -- Svanetia -- Georgian folk music
DATE: 2013/10/13::
2
SVANS - Vindermelodien af Bøssehusets Kønspolitiske Melodi GraM Prix 2013
SVANS - Vindermelodien af Bøssehusets Kønspolitiske Melodi GraM Prix 2013
DATE: 2013/05/25::
3
Ørkenens sønner Doktor Svans
Ørkenens sønner Doktor Svans
DATE: 2009/04/13::
4
TAURENU IELA EDUARDS SVANS 2014/09/20
TAURENU IELA EDUARDS SVANS 2014/09/20
DATE: 2014/09/19::
5
flyt dig nu din svans!
flyt dig nu din svans!
DATE: 2010/04/29::
6
Plupp sjunger Ekorren, ekorren skakar på sin svans
Plupp sjunger Ekorren, ekorren skakar på sin svans
DATE: 2010/02/15::
7
Svans-Upper  Georgians
Svans-Upper Georgians
DATE: 2011/12/03::
8
Med øks og svans
Med øks og svans
DATE: 2013/09/20::
9
Ekorren viftar på sin svans.AVI
Ekorren viftar på sin svans.AVI
DATE: 2010/06/01::
10
Linneas hårmode: Romantisk svans
Linneas hårmode: Romantisk svans
DATE: 2014/11/30::
11
Jan Gintberg (Svans)
Jan Gintberg (Svans)
DATE: 2013/02/17::
12
Russian occupants in the Land of the Svans
Russian occupants in the Land of the Svans
DATE: 2014/09/18::
13
Trafikmagasinet provkör Gunde Svans rallyracer
Trafikmagasinet provkör Gunde Svans rallyracer
DATE: 2012/08/27::
14
svans
svans
DATE: 2013/03/05::
15
Du kan være platugle, svans og svensker.
Du kan være platugle, svans og svensker.
DATE: 2013/10/13::
16
siggi svans partý dreki.
siggi svans partý dreki.
DATE: 2008/07/03::
17
Augustus and Svans -SchnitzelCo Origins -Episode 1
Augustus and Svans -SchnitzelCo Origins -Episode 1
DATE: 2014/09/01::
18
LTA 2015 SVANS Dance
LTA 2015 SVANS Dance
DATE: 2015/01/11::
19
pigeons svans
pigeons svans
DATE: 2008/03/14::
20
Hönrietta svans-attackeras i Almedalen
Hönrietta svans-attackeras i Almedalen
DATE: 2012/07/02::
21
Hur man har häst man & svans på sin ren gratis - Star Stable
Hur man har häst man & svans på sin ren gratis - Star Stable
DATE: 2014/12/28::
22
Björnen som tappade sin svans av Elis och Herman
Björnen som tappade sin svans av Elis och Herman
DATE: 2014/02/07::
23
Hur björnen blev utan svans - Elsa och Lisa
Hur björnen blev utan svans - Elsa och Lisa
DATE: 2014/03/19::
24
Ekorre viftar på sin svans
Ekorre viftar på sin svans
DATE: 2009/09/18::
25
Virad svans
Virad svans
DATE: 2009/11/05::
26
Gammeldans med svans i Hundhallen i Haninge
Gammeldans med svans i Hundhallen i Haninge
DATE: 2014/02/22::
27
Information about Pinhole Surgical Technique: Dr Svans (480) 219-8760
Information about Pinhole Surgical Technique: Dr Svans (480) 219-8760
DATE: 2014/10/21::
28
Med hest og svans på Norsk Skogmuseum
Med hest og svans på Norsk Skogmuseum
DATE: 2013/01/17::
29
Bea har en svans!
Bea har en svans!
DATE: 2014/08/28::
30
Augustus and Svans -The First Schnitzel -Episode 2
Augustus and Svans -The First Schnitzel -Episode 2
DATE: 2014/11/12::
31
James Kayn feat. Fearrington - I Din Club (Dans Din Svans)
James Kayn feat. Fearrington - I Din Club (Dans Din Svans)
DATE: 2008/08/26::
32
Svan Song: Svans Proud  Kartvelians (Georgians)! Svans, northern Georgians
Svan Song: Svans Proud Kartvelians (Georgians)! Svans, northern Georgians
DATE: 2008/10/03::
33
Linneas hårmode: Klassisk stram svans med Elnett
Linneas hårmode: Klassisk stram svans med Elnett
DATE: 2014/09/19::
34
Kaukasisk ovtjarka med kattunge som leker i hans svans
Kaukasisk ovtjarka med kattunge som leker i hans svans
DATE: 2009/07/18::
35
Moa Svans ångestlista - Punkt 4 & 5
Moa Svans ångestlista - Punkt 4 & 5
DATE: 2011/03/03::
36
Stämningar av en katt kan kännas igen av sin svans. Tail ställningar av en katt.
Stämningar av en katt kan kännas igen av sin svans. Tail ställningar av en katt.
DATE: 2014/10/27::
37
Död hund men viftande svans.
Död hund men viftande svans.
DATE: 2011/08/02::
38
DANS DIN SVANS - EMIL STABIL - GOTH EDITION
DANS DIN SVANS - EMIL STABIL - GOTH EDITION
DATE: 2015/04/17::
39
KOPPARÖDLA utan svans
KOPPARÖDLA utan svans
DATE: 2014/04/24::
40
RC BOAT JET BOAT WITH SVANS AND UNDERWATER SHOTS
RC BOAT JET BOAT WITH SVANS AND UNDERWATER SHOTS
DATE: 2012/04/27::
41
Norsk Skogkatt kattunge jagar sin egen svans
Norsk Skogkatt kattunge jagar sin egen svans
DATE: 2010/07/18::
42
Senila Samtal - Svans i mungipan
Senila Samtal - Svans i mungipan
DATE: 2009/08/13::
43
Hög svans
Hög svans
DATE: 2012/09/04::
44
Slöjdlektion 15 - Sy små figurer med påtad svans, 2 katten
Slöjdlektion 15 - Sy små figurer med påtad svans, 2 katten
DATE: 2015/02/08::
45
Katten Aska hatar sin svans
Katten Aska hatar sin svans
DATE: 2014/02/05::
46
Massey Ferguson, Kverneland og Sami svans
Massey Ferguson, Kverneland og Sami svans
DATE: 2014/06/05::
47
Gammeldans med svans på Stockholm Hundmässa 2013
Gammeldans med svans på Stockholm Hundmässa 2013
DATE: 2013/12/08::
48
DUCKS, GEESE, SVANS
DUCKS, GEESE, SVANS
DATE: 2013/06/14::
49
Fisken har en svans
Fisken har en svans
DATE: 2014/09/16::
50
Var är min svans? Musikaliskt trolläventyr för barn
Var är min svans? Musikaliskt trolläventyr för barn
DATE: 2010/04/23::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Svan people)
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This article is about a people in the Caucasus. For other meanings, see Svans (disambiguation).
Svans
Svan: შვანარ shvanar
Georgian: სვანი svani
Ermakov. № 8730 Noble d'Imeretie, Ovalyani. Tbilissi vers 1890 (A).jpg
Total population
c. 14,000[1]–30,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
 Georgia 14,000[1]–30,000[2]
 Russia 45 (2010)[3]
Languages
Svan, Georgian
Religion
Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity
(Georgian Orthodox Church)
Part of a series on
Georgians
ქართველები
Mingrelian traditional costumes (1881).jpg
The
Kartvelian
people
Nation
Georgia
Ancient Kartvelian people
Subgroups
Culture
Languages
Religion
Symbols
History of Georgia

The Svans (Georgian: სვანი, Svani) are an ethnic subgroup of the Georgians (Kartvelians)[4][5][6][7][8][1][9][10][11] living mostly in Svaneti, a region in northwest Georgia. They speak the Svan language and are mostly bilingual also in Georgian. Both these languages belong to the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) language family. In the pre-1930 Soviet census, the Svans were afforded their own "ethnic group" (natsional'nost) category.[12] The self-designation of the Svan is Mushüan, which is probably reflected in the ethnonym Misimian of the Classical authors.[13]

History[edit]

Distribution of the Svan language in relation to other Kartvelian (South Caucasian) languages.
Svan with dagger and long smoking pipe. Mestia (~1888–1900)

The Svans are usually identified with the Sanni mentioned by Greek geographer Strabo, who placed them more or less in the area still occupied by the modern-day Svans.

In the Russian Empire and early Soviet Union Mingrelians and Svans had their own census grouping, but were classified under the broader category of Georgian thereafter in the 1930s. They are Georgian Orthodox Christians, and were Christianized in the 4th–6th centuries. However, some remnants of pre-Christian beliefs have been maintained. Saint George (known as Jgëræg to the locals), a patron saint of Georgia, is the most respected saint. The Svans have retained many of their old traditions, including blood revenge (although this tradition has been declining over time, as law enforcement takes hold). Their families are small, and the husband is the head of his family. The Svan strongly respect the older women in families.

Language[edit]

Typically bilingual, they use both Georgian and their own, unwritten Svan language. However, Svan is being largely replaced by Georgian, which is the language of culture and education in Georgia.

Culture[edit]

Svan culture survives most wonderfully in its songs and round dances. Svaneti boasts archaic three part polyphony, known as chordal unit polyphony, with strong dissonant harmonies. Traditional Svan poetry is still not separated from song and has no rhymed poetry. Svans are skillful artists and as Svaneti was widely regarded as the most inaccessible region of Georgia, many items of medieval Georgian state treasury (including the rare manuscripts of the bible) are still stored in Svaneti.

Famous Svans[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Joshuaproject. Svanetian, Mushwan
  2. ^ a b DoBeS (Dokumentation Bedrohter Sprachen, Documentation of Endangered Languages)
  3. ^ Russian census 2010
  4. ^ Stephen F. Jones. Svans. World Culture Encyclopedia. Retrieved on March 13, 2011: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  5. ^ The Svans Kevin Tuite Université de Montréal 1992: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  6. ^ Britannica. Caucasian peoples: «The Caucasian peoples ... The southerners, comprising the Georgians, the closely related Mingrelians and Laz, and the Svan, make up the Republic of Georgia and live in western Transcaucasia (the Laz live in Turkish territory).»
  7. ^ R. Wixman. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook (p.181): «Svan ... The Svanetians are one of the Kartvelian peoples of the Georgian SSR»
  8. ^ Levinson, David. Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1998. p 35
  9. ^ D.N. Ushakov's Dictionary
  10. ^ Modern Dictionary of Russian language. Efremova T.F. 2000
  11. ^ Ethnologue. Language Family Trees-Svan
  12. ^ National population census ZSFSR 1926
  13. ^ History of Georgian Mountein Regions / R. Topchishvili. Available at The National Parliamentary Library of Georgia

External links[edit]

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