GEORGIA (Svaneti) Expedition 1927

Channel: GeoMartial   |   2011/11/27
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GEORGIA (Svaneti) Expedition 1927
GEORGIA (Svaneti) Expedition 1927
::2011/11/27::
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2
Svan people from Caucasus mountines
Svan people from Caucasus mountines
::2010/08/19::
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Architecture culture of SÜAN/SVAN people(Svaneti,Leshüaniera)
Architecture culture of SÜAN/SVAN people(Svaneti,Leshüaniera)
::2011/01/06::
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4
Svan Song  Svans Proud Kartvelians Georgians! Svans, northern Georgians
Svan Song Svans Proud Kartvelians Georgians! Svans, northern Georgians
::2013/02/26::
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Baby Gizmo Review of the Signet High Chair by Svan
Baby Gizmo Review of the Signet High Chair by Svan
::2012/06/01::
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Georgian State Dance Company - Svanuri - LUSHNU LISBVI ! Iva suxari misgu lishvan !
Georgian State Dance Company - Svanuri - LUSHNU LISBVI ! Iva suxari misgu lishvan !
::2009/02/26::
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Svans-Upper  Georgians
Svans-Upper Georgians
::2011/12/04::
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Svanisch;სვანური ენა;Svan language;Сванский язык
Svanisch;სვანური ენა;Svan language;Сванский язык
::2009/05/26::
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9
50 km, Calgary 1988 - Gunde Svan
50 km, Calgary 1988 - Gunde Svan
::2008/08/28::
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Svan PhotoArt - Papst John Bordello der 69 zu besuch in Berlin ...
Svan PhotoArt - Papst John Bordello der 69 zu besuch in Berlin ...
::2013/04/19::
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Rickardsson and Gunde svan@Avesta
Rickardsson and Gunde svan@Avesta
::2013/11/15::
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Svan PhotoArt - Gina Cavalli, Lexa Hot, Victoria Price für Rotlichtfreunde BERLIN by Svan PhotoArt
Svan PhotoArt - Gina Cavalli, Lexa Hot, Victoria Price für Rotlichtfreunde BERLIN by Svan PhotoArt
::2013/04/14::
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Svan Scooter
Svan Scooter
::2009/10/02::
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Соль Сванетии (Михаил Калатозов, 1930) (Ru, En subs)
Соль Сванетии (Михаил Калатозов, 1930) (Ru, En subs)
::2014/01/11::
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Svan PhotoArt - Interview Mareen - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
Svan PhotoArt - Interview Mareen - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
::2013/03/23::
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Eye like High Heels ... Svan in Aktion!
Eye like High Heels ... Svan in Aktion!
::2013/12/04::
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Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
::2013/07/06::
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Annemarie Eilfeld & Svan ... the sHIt 4 you
Annemarie Eilfeld & Svan ... the sHIt 4 you
::2014/01/31::
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Svan PhotoArt - Interview Dominique & Lexa Velvet - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
Svan PhotoArt - Interview Dominique & Lexa Velvet - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
::2013/03/24::
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Lasse Svan Hansen
Lasse Svan Hansen
::2013/12/05::
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Svan Play Table
Svan Play Table
::2013/05/23::
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Svan Signet Complete High Chair on Ellen May 2013
Svan Signet Complete High Chair on Ellen May 2013
::2013/05/14::
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23
Svanisch;სვანური ენა;Svan language;Сванский язык
Svanisch;სვანური ენა;Svan language;Сванский язык
::2012/03/08::
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Svan PhotoArt - shooting mit Sharon Phoenix & Lady Tattoo Cat
Svan PhotoArt - shooting mit Sharon Phoenix & Lady Tattoo Cat
::2013/03/08::
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Suri-May Young wird "gesvant" auf der Venus 2013 ... shit happens!
Suri-May Young wird "gesvant" auf der Venus 2013 ... shit happens!
::2013/10/21::
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26
Svan PhotoArt - Papst John Bordello der 69 beim Foto Shooting in Berlin ... PART II - UNCUT!!!!
Svan PhotoArt - Papst John Bordello der 69 beim Foto Shooting in Berlin ... PART II - UNCUT!!!!
::2013/04/20::
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27
Svan Signet High Chair Facts and Features
Svan Signet High Chair Facts and Features
::2013/05/14::
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28
Hur man viker en svan av papper (svenska)
Hur man viker en svan av papper (svenska)
::2013/04/21::
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29
Svan Signet Complete on Revenge HD
Svan Signet Complete on Revenge HD
::2014/01/16::
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30
svan lounger
svan lounger
::2012/08/13::
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31
Svan on Tour ... Kitty Core auf der Venus 2013
Svan on Tour ... Kitty Core auf der Venus 2013
::2013/10/20::
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32
Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
::2013/10/20::
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Svan Lyft Booster How to Use
Svan Lyft Booster How to Use
::2013/05/14::
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34
Svan PhotoArt - KING ORGASMUS ONE "AKA IMBISS BRONKO" im Interview ... shit happens
Svan PhotoArt - KING ORGASMUS ONE "AKA IMBISS BRONKO" im Interview ... shit happens
::2013/04/21::
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35
Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
::2013/07/20::
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36
Baby Gizmo Svan High Chair Review
Baby Gizmo Svan High Chair Review
::2007/11/19::
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Review of our Svan High Chair
Review of our Svan High Chair
::2009/02/14::
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Captain Mittelstrahl on shit happens by Svan PhotoArt
Captain Mittelstrahl on shit happens by Svan PhotoArt
::2013/08/09::
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39
Svan PhotoArt - Interview Lexa Velvet & Summer - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
Svan PhotoArt - Interview Lexa Velvet & Summer - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
::2013/03/23::
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Svan PhotoArt - Interview Summer - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
Svan PhotoArt - Interview Summer - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
::2013/03/23::
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41
Svan PhotoArt - Interview Lexa Velvet - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
Svan PhotoArt - Interview Lexa Velvet - redLightBall 2013 - Insomnia - Berlin Intim
::2013/03/23::
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42
Svan PhotoArt - Papst John Bordello der 69 beim Foto Shooting in Berlin ... Part I - UNCUT!
Svan PhotoArt - Papst John Bordello der 69 beim Foto Shooting in Berlin ... Part I - UNCUT!
::2013/04/19::
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43
Svan PhotoArt - Interview mit Lady Tattoo Cat - shit happens & watergames
Svan PhotoArt - Interview mit Lady Tattoo Cat - shit happens & watergames
::2013/03/29::
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44
Svan Signet Complete High Chair Grows with Your Baby
Svan Signet Complete High Chair Grows with Your Baby
::2013/05/14::
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45
Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
Svan PhotoArt - MAGIC MOMENTS
::2013/07/29::
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46
Svan PhotoArt - Interview mit Miss Sue ink. - shit happens & watergames - Part II
Svan PhotoArt - Interview mit Miss Sue ink. - shit happens & watergames - Part II
::2013/03/29::
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47
Kerstin Kopf, Stephan Manasse, Fash Mario zu besuch beim Svan
Kerstin Kopf, Stephan Manasse, Fash Mario zu besuch beim Svan
::2013/12/05::
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48
Svan Lyft Booster Product and Features
Svan Lyft Booster Product and Features
::2013/05/14::
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Svan PhotoArt - Miss RedLightBall (BerlinIntim) Lexa Velvet & Marcel (Insomnia)
Svan PhotoArt - Miss RedLightBall (BerlinIntim) Lexa Velvet & Marcel (Insomnia)
::2013/04/01::
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SVAN FOLK SONG
SVAN FOLK SONG
::2012/03/31::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Svans
Svan: შვანარ shvanar
Georgian: სვანი svani
Vittorio Sella. The Gelovani.jpg
Total population
c. 14,000[1] - 30,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
 Georgia 14,000[1]-30,000[2]
 Russia 45 (2010)[3]
Languages
Svan, Georgian
Religion
Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity
(Georgian Orthodox Church)
Part of a series on
Georgians
ქართველები
Mingrelian traditional costumes (1881).jpg
The
Kartvelian
people
Nation
Georgia
Ancient Kartvelian people
Subgroups
Culture
Language
Religion
Symbols
History of Georgia

The Svans (Georgian: სვანი, Svani) are an ethnic subgroup of the Georgians (Kartvelians)[4][5][6][7][8][1][9][10][11] living mostly in Svaneti, a region in northwest Georgia. They speak the Svan language and are mostly bilingual also in Georgian. Both these languages belong to the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) language family. In the pre-1930 Soviet census, the Svans were afforded their own "ethnic group" (natsional'nost) category.[12] The self-designation of the Svan is Mushüan, which is probably reflected in the ethnonym Misimian of the Classical authors.[13]

History[edit]

Distribution of the Svan language in relation to other Kartvelian (South Caucasian) languages.
Svan with dagger and long smoking pipe. Mestia (~1888–1900)

The Svans are usually identified with the Sanni mentioned by Greek geographer Strabo, who placed them more or less in the area still occupied by the modern-day Svans.

In the Russian Empire and early Soviet Union Mingrelians and Svans had their own census grouping, but were classified under the broader category of Georgian thereafter in the 1930s. They are Georgian Orthodox Christians, and were Christianized in the 4th–6th centuries. However, some remnants of pre-Christian beliefs have been maintained. Saint George (known as Jgëræg to the locals), a patron saint of Georgia, is the most respected saint. The Svans have retained many of their old traditions, including blood revenge (although this tradition has been declining over time, as law enforcement takes hold). Their families are small, and the husband is the head of his family. The Svan strongly respect the older women in families.

Language[edit]

Typically bilingual, they use both Georgian and their own, unwritten Svan language. Though Svan is being largely replaced by Georgian, which is the language of culture and education in Georgia.

Culture[edit]

Svan culture survives most wonderfully in its songs and round dances. Svaneti boasts archaic three part polyphony, known as chordal unit polyphony, with strong dissonant harmonies. Traditional Svan poetry is still not separated from song and has no rhymed poetry. Svans are skillful artists and as Svaneti was widely regarded as the most inaccessible region of Georgia, many items of medieval Georgian state treasury (including the rare manuscripts of the bible) are still stored in Svaneti.

Famous Svans[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Joshuaproject. Svanetian, Mushwan
  2. ^ a b DoBeS (Dokumentation Bedrohter Sprachen, Documentation of Endangered Languages)
  3. ^ Russian census 2010
  4. ^ Stephen F. Jones. Svans. World Culture Encyclopedia. Retrieved on March 13, 2011: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  5. ^ The Svans Kevin Tuite Université de Montréal 1992: «The Svans are one of the dozen or so traditionally recognized ethnic subgroups within the Georgian (Kartvelian) nation.»
  6. ^ Britannica. Caucasian peoples: «The Caucasian peoples ... The southerners, comprising the Georgians, the closely related Mingrelians and Laz, and the Svan, make up the Republic of Georgia and live in western Transcaucasia (the Laz live in Turkish territory).»
  7. ^ R. Wixman. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook (p.181): «Svan ... The Svanetians are one of the Kartvelian peoples of the Georgian SSR»
  8. ^ Levinson, David. Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1998. p 35
  9. ^ D.N. Ushakov's Dictionary
  10. ^ Modern Dictionary of Russian language. Efremova T.F. 2000
  11. ^ Ethnologue. Language Family Trees-Svan
  12. ^ National population census ZSFSR 1926
  13. ^ History of Georgian Mountein Regions / R. Topchishvili. Available at The National Parliamentary Library of Georgia

External links[edit]

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