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Sweatt vs Painter
Sweatt vs Painter
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: AnvithaM2233
Reenactment of Sweatt v. Painter
Reenactment of Sweatt v. Painter
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: John Hemphill
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painter
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: Alisha Henderson
01   Sweatt v  Painter 1950   Civil Rights and Equal Protection 1950 1960   United States Supreme Co
01 Sweatt v Painter 1950 Civil Rights and Equal Protection 1950 1960 United States Supreme Co
Published: 2016/05/17
Channel: hats0fyou
Sweatt v Painter (1950) Case Explanation (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Sweatt v Painter (1950) Case Explanation (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: HoguePresentation
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painter
Published: 2012/11/11
Channel: jiang yoga
Heman Sweatt Symposium
Heman Sweatt Symposium
Published: 2011/02/03
Channel: KVRNews YouTube
Sweatt vs. Painter
Sweatt vs. Painter
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Coach Franke
Brown v. Board of Education | Homework Help from the Bill of Rights Institute
Brown v. Board of Education | Homework Help from the Bill of Rights Institute
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Bill of Rights Institute
Smith v. Allwright
Smith v. Allwright
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: The History Guy: Five Minutes of History
Sweatt v Painter Reenactment (1950) (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Sweatt v Painter Reenactment (1950) (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: HoguePresentation
2B Nick Chris Sweatt v Painter
2B Nick Chris Sweatt v Painter
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Kerry Green
8 6 Sweatt v  Painter
8 6 Sweatt v Painter
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Louis Sobo
Sweatt family panel with author Gary Lavergne
Sweatt family panel with author Gary Lavergne
Published: 2011/02/02
Channel: The University of Texas at Austin
Hernandez vs. Texas
Hernandez vs. Texas
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Darnesha Johnson
5 AJ Chima Sweatt v Painter
5 AJ Chima Sweatt v Painter
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Kerry Green
Yick Wo Equal Protection
Yick Wo Equal Protection
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Wes Kriesel
The Essence of African Spirituality
The Essence of African Spirituality
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: BLACK ANGEL MEDIA
Importance of the Heman Sweatt Project
Importance of the Heman Sweatt Project
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: The Heman Sweatt Project
Who is Heman Sweatt?
Who is Heman Sweatt?
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: The Heman Sweatt Project
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) | Separate Is NOT Equal
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) | Separate Is NOT Equal
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: State Bar of Georgia
Race & the Constitution
Race & the Constitution
Published: 2012/12/11
Channel: OU IACH
Separate But Equal: An Explanation By Professor Brande Watson
Separate But Equal: An Explanation By Professor Brande Watson
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: The Heman Sweatt Project
mclaurin
mclaurin
Published: 2011/08/12
Channel: Justin Brotton
Thurgood Marshall: Bio, Quotes, College, Facts, Law, Writings, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1998)
Thurgood Marshall: Bio, Quotes, College, Facts, Law, Writings, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1998)
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Way Back
NBLSA Alumni Spotlight (Entertainment Law) - Attorney Ricky Anderson
NBLSA Alumni Spotlight (Entertainment Law) - Attorney Ricky Anderson
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Alumni Affairs Division, National Black Law Students Association
Smith v. Allwright
Smith v. Allwright
Published: 2012/03/27
Channel: Julia Tompkins
Civil Rights and Equal Protection Cases 1950-1960 by UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT | Full Audio Book
Civil Rights and Equal Protection Cases 1950-1960 by UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT | Full Audio Book
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Full Audio Books
Williams v. Mississippi, 1898
Williams v. Mississippi, 1898
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: Erika Fleming
History of the Texas Supreme Court
History of the Texas Supreme Court
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: John Hemphill
Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse
Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse
Published: 2010/04/02
Channel: tcarchives
Chief Painter procession
Chief Painter procession
Published: 2011/01/16
Channel: Mark Inman
John Q. Barrett (2012) on Some Justice Jackson Opinions, 1950-1954
John Q. Barrett (2012) on Some Justice Jackson Opinions, 1950-1954
Published: 2012/07/17
Channel: RobertHJacksonCenter
Gary Lavergne talks about his new book "Before Brown" in the Texas Union
Gary Lavergne talks about his new book "Before Brown" in the Texas Union
Published: 2011/02/01
Channel: The University of Texas at Austin
Gary Lavergne at the 2010 Texas Book Festival
Gary Lavergne at the 2010 Texas Book Festival
Published: 2010/10/19
Channel: Gary Lavergne
Gary Lavergne on Before Brown: Heman Marion Sweatt, Thurgood Marshall, and the Long Road to Justice
Gary Lavergne on Before Brown: Heman Marion Sweatt, Thurgood Marshall, and the Long Road to Justice
Published: 2010/08/16
Channel: UtexasPress
Sweatt - Než příjde konec
Sweatt - Než příjde konec
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Sweatt Music
Nine Network Web Only | Shelley v. Kramer
Nine Network Web Only | Shelley v. Kramer
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Nine Network
ConLaw Class 17 – Equal Protection and Desegregation
ConLaw Class 17 – Equal Protection and Desegregation
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Josh Blackman
U S  Supreme Court Opinion 339 U S  637   McLAURIN v  OKLAHOMA STATE REGENTS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION et
U S Supreme Court Opinion 339 U S 637 McLAURIN v OKLAHOMA STATE REGENTS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION et
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Revo septian
Texas vs. white
Texas vs. white
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Adam Tallmadge
Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada [Full Audiobook]
Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada [Full Audiobook]
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: Free Ebooks
History Project
History Project
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Karissa Radford
Marta Tienda Discusses Brown v. Board of Education, Hernandez v. Texas, and Inequality Today
Marta Tienda Discusses Brown v. Board of Education, Hernandez v. Texas, and Inequality Today
Published: 2014/12/16
Channel: American Educational Research Association
On This Day - 30 August 1967 - The First Black Supreme Court Justice Was Confirmed
On This Day - 30 August 1967 - The First Black Supreme Court Justice Was Confirmed
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Georg Rockall-Schmidt
Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt
Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: The Federalist Society
Shelley vs. Kraemer
Shelley vs. Kraemer
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Hannah Kalsman
Gaines vs. Canada Project
Gaines vs. Canada Project
Published: 2015/05/26
Channel: Rachel Vasquez
Hopwood v. Texas
Hopwood v. Texas
Published: 2010/09/23
Channel: ElectronicTricycle
Rochin V California Gov. Project
Rochin V California Gov. Project
Published: 2013/01/17
Channel: Angel Pina
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sweatt v. Painter, et al.
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued April 4, 1950
Decided June 5, 1950
Full case name Heman Marion Sweatt v. Theophilus Shickel Painter
Citations 339 U.S. 629 (more)
70 S. Ct. 848; 94 L. Ed. 1114; 1950 U.S. LEXIS 1809
Prior history Cert. to the Supreme Court of Texas
Holding
The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment requires that petitioner be admitted to the University of Texas Law School.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Fred M. Vinson
Associate Justices
Hugo Black · Stanley F. Reed
Felix Frankfurter · William O. Douglas
Robert H. Jackson · Harold H. Burton
Tom C. Clark · Sherman Minton
Case opinions
Majority Vinson, joined by unanimous

Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629 (1950), was a U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation established by the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson. The case was influential in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education four years later.

The case involved a black man, Heman Marion Sweatt, who was refused admission to the School of Law of the University of Texas, whose president was Theophilus Painter, on the grounds that the Texas State Constitution prohibited integrated education.

Procedural history[edit]

The state district court in Travis County, Texas, instead of granting the plaintiff a right of mandamus, continued the case for six months. This allowed the state time to create a law school only for black students, which it established in Houston, rather than in Austin. The 'separate' law school and the college became the Thurgood Marshall School of Law at Texas Southern University (known then as "Texas State University for Negroes").

The trial court decision was affirmed by the Court of Civil Appeals and the Texas Supreme Court denied writ of error on further appeal. Sweatt and the NAACP next went to the federal courts, and the case ultimately reached the U.S. Supreme Court. Robert L. Carter and Thurgood Marshall presented Sweatt's case.

U.S. Supreme Court[edit]

The Supreme Court reversed the lower court decision, saying that the separate school failed to qualify, both because of quantitative differences in facilities and experiential factors, such as its isolation from most of the future lawyers with whom its graduates would interact. The court held that, when considering graduate education, experience must be considered as part of "substantive equality." The documentation of the court's decision includes the following differences identified between white and black facilities:

  • the University of Texas Law School had 16 full-time and 3 part-time professors, while the black law school had 5 full-time professors.
  • the University of Texas Law School had 850 students and a law library of 65,000 volumes, while the black law school had 23 students and a library of 16,500 volumes.
  • the University of Texas Law School had moot court facilities, an Order of the Coif affiliation, and numerous graduates involved in public and private law practice, while the black law school had only one practice court facility and only one graduate admitted to the Texas Bar.

Legacy[edit]

On June 14, 2005, the Travis County Commissioners voted to rename the courthouse as The Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse in honor of Sweatt's endeavor and victory.

Lead attorney on Sweatt, Judge Robert L. Carter with the then-dean of Fordham Law School, William Treanor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

State of Texas vs. NAACP case records, 1911-1961 1945-1961. Description: photocopied documents. 2 microfilm reels. Summary: Records document the 1956-1957 lawsuit that, in effect, outlawed the NAACP in Texas until the 1960s and also reflects the progress of the civil rights movement from the late 1940s to the 1960s.

Byron and Rannie Cook Papers, 1944-1962, Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Summary: Correspondence, newspapers, clippings, broadsides, ephemera, speeches, programs, notes, platforms, annual reports, printed material, magazines and artifacts relate to the Cook's involvement with the National Alliance of Postal Workers (Houston Chapter), the NAACP in Houston, service at the U.S. Post Office at Houston, the Progressive Party, the Henry Wallace presidential campaign, Leonard Sweatt, Heman Sweatt, John Butler and with unions.

The items above and other important material can be found in the University of Texas Library system at this link: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/about/librarymap/cah.html

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Works related to Sweatt v. Painter at Wikisource

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