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Sweatt vs Painter
Sweatt vs Painter
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: AnvithaM2233
Reenactment of Sweatt v. Painter
Reenactment of Sweatt v. Painter
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: John Hemphill
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painter
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: Alisha Henderson
Sweatt v Painter (1950) Case Explanation (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Sweatt v Painter (1950) Case Explanation (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: HoguePresentation
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painter
Published: 2012/11/11
Channel: jiang yoga
01   Sweatt v  Painter 1950   Civil Rights and Equal Protection 1950 1960   United States Supreme Co
01 Sweatt v Painter 1950 Civil Rights and Equal Protection 1950 1960 United States Supreme Co
Published: 2016/05/17
Channel: hats0fyou
Importance of the Heman Sweatt Project
Importance of the Heman Sweatt Project
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: The Heman Sweatt Project
Sweatt vs. Painter
Sweatt vs. Painter
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Coach Franke
8 6 Sweatt v  Painter
8 6 Sweatt v Painter
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Louis Sobo
Sweatt v Painter Reenactment (1950) (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Sweatt v Painter Reenactment (1950) (Casey/Jackson/Spurlock)
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: HoguePresentation
5 AJ Chima Sweatt v Painter
5 AJ Chima Sweatt v Painter
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Kerry Green
2B Nick Chris Sweatt v Painter
2B Nick Chris Sweatt v Painter
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Kerry Green
NBLSA Alumni Spotlight (Entertainment Law) - Attorney Ricky Anderson
NBLSA Alumni Spotlight (Entertainment Law) - Attorney Ricky Anderson
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Alumni Affairs Division, National Black Law Students Association
Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse
Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse
Published: 2010/04/02
Channel: tcarchives
Sweatt family panel with author Gary Lavergne
Sweatt family panel with author Gary Lavergne
Published: 2011/02/02
Channel: The University of Texas at Austin
Hernandez vs. Texas
Hernandez vs. Texas
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Darnesha Johnson
Race & the Constitution
Race & the Constitution
Published: 2012/12/11
Channel: OU IACH
Thurgood Marshall: Bio, Quotes, College, Facts, Law, Writings, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1998)
Thurgood Marshall: Bio, Quotes, College, Facts, Law, Writings, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1998)
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Way Back
Who is Heman Sweatt?
Who is Heman Sweatt?
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: The Heman Sweatt Project
Heman Sweatt Symposium
Heman Sweatt Symposium
Published: 2011/02/03
Channel: KVRNews
John Q. Barrett (2012) on Some Justice Jackson Opinions, 1950-1954
John Q. Barrett (2012) on Some Justice Jackson Opinions, 1950-1954
Published: 2012/07/17
Channel: RobertHJacksonCenter
Sweatt - Opravdová
Sweatt - Opravdová
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: Petr Sweatt
Milliken v Bradley
Milliken v Bradley
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Orchdork09041998
Sweatt - Než příjde konec
Sweatt - Než příjde konec
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Sweatt Officialchanel
Separate But Equal: An Explanation By Professor Brande Watson
Separate But Equal: An Explanation By Professor Brande Watson
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: The Heman Sweatt Project
Summary of Thompson v Oklahoma Graphic
Summary of Thompson v Oklahoma Graphic
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Ali Chaudhary
Gary Lavergne talks about his new book "Before Brown" in the Texas Union
Gary Lavergne talks about his new book "Before Brown" in the Texas Union
Published: 2011/02/01
Channel: The University of Texas at Austin
Williams v. Mississippi, 1898
Williams v. Mississippi, 1898
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: Erika Fleming
Ricci v. DeStefano
Ricci v. DeStefano
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: BluntHonestTruth
Wisconsin vs Yoder
Wisconsin vs Yoder
Published: 2013/02/04
Channel: Martha Maria
Keller_Gonzales v Carhart
Keller_Gonzales v Carhart
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Taryn Keller
Shelley vs. Kraemer
Shelley vs. Kraemer
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Hannah Kalsman
In the Shadows of Heman Sweatt 2
In the Shadows of Heman Sweatt 2
Published: 2013/03/28
Channel: Ashley Robertson Preston
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (2 of 4)
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (2 of 4)
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: TheLBJLibrary
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (1 of 4)
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (1 of 4)
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: TheLBJLibrary
Gary Lavergne at the 2010 Texas Book Festival
Gary Lavergne at the 2010 Texas Book Festival
Published: 2010/10/19
Channel: Gary Lavergne
Smith v. Allwright
Smith v. Allwright
Published: 2012/03/27
Channel: Julia Tompkins
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (4 of 4)
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (4 of 4)
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: TheLBJLibrary
U S  Supreme Court Opinion 339 U S  637   McLAURIN v  OKLAHOMA STATE REGENTS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION et
U S Supreme Court Opinion 339 U S 637 McLAURIN v OKLAHOMA STATE REGENTS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION et
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Revo septian
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (3 of 4)
Civil Rights Summit of 1972, Day 2 (3 of 4)
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: TheLBJLibrary
Brown v. Board of Ed. 2 - Full Audio Case Reading - Episode # 2
Brown v. Board of Ed. 2 - Full Audio Case Reading - Episode # 2
Published: 2016/03/07
Channel: Think LegalEase
Gary Lavergne on Before Brown: Heman Marion Sweatt, Thurgood Marshall, and the Long Road to Justice
Gary Lavergne on Before Brown: Heman Marion Sweatt, Thurgood Marshall, and the Long Road to Justice
Published: 2010/08/16
Channel: UtexasPress
mclaurin
mclaurin
Published: 2011/08/12
Channel: Justin Brotton
Thompson v. Oklahoma
Thompson v. Oklahoma
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: dbucko2016
missouri ex rel. Gaines v Canada
missouri ex rel. Gaines v Canada
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Sydney Puente
Brown v. Board of Education | Homework Help from the Bill of Rights Institute
Brown v. Board of Education | Homework Help from the Bill of Rights Institute
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Bill of Rights Institute
Brown v. Board of Education (Segregation) - Landmark Cases - Episode #10
Brown v. Board of Education (Segregation) - Landmark Cases - Episode #10
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Think LegalEase
Grutter vs Bollinger
Grutter vs Bollinger
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: valeriacalcamo16
Five Minutes of History: Smith v. Allwright
Five Minutes of History: Smith v. Allwright
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: The History Guy: Five Minutes of History
Nick Sweatt
Nick Sweatt
Published: 2011/07/26
Channel: Karl D Carswell
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Sweatt v. Painter, et al.
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued April 4, 1950
Decided June 5, 1950
Full case name Heman Marion Sweatt v. Theophilus Shickel Painter
Citations 339 U.S. 629 (more)
70 S. Ct. 848; 94 L. Ed. 1114; 1950 U.S. LEXIS 1809
Prior history Cert. to the Supreme Court of Texas
Holding
The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment requires that petitioner be admitted to the University of Texas Law School.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Fred M. Vinson
Associate Justices
Hugo Black · Stanley F. Reed
Felix Frankfurter · William O. Douglas
Robert H. Jackson · Harold H. Burton
Tom C. Clark · Sherman Minton
Case opinions
Majority Vinson, joined by unanimous

Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629 (1950), was a U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation established by the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson. The case was influential in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education four years later.

The case involved a black man, Heman Marion Sweatt, who was refused admission to the School of Law of the University of Texas, whose president was Theophilus Painter, on the grounds that the Texas State Constitution prohibited integrated education.

Procedural history[edit]

The state district court in Travis County, instead of granting the plaintiff a right of mandamus, continued the case for six months. This allowed the state time to create a law school only for black students, which it established in Houston, Texas, rather than in Austin. The 'separate' law school and the college became the Thurgood Marshall School of Law at Texas Southern University (known then as "Texas State University for Negroes").

The trial court decision was affirmed by the Court of Civil Appeals and the Texas Supreme Court denied writ of error on further appeal. Sweatt and the NAACP next went to the federal courts, and the case ultimately reached the U.S. Supreme Court. Robert L. Carter and Thurgood Marshall presented Sweatt's case.

U.S. Supreme Court[edit]

The Supreme Court reversed the lower court decision, saying that the separate school failed to qualify, both because of quantitative differences in facilities and experiential factors, such as its isolation from most of the future lawyers with whom its graduates would interact. The court held that, when considering graduate education, experience must be considered as part of "substantive equality." The documentation of the court's decision includes the following differences identified between white and black facilities:

  • the University of Texas Law School had 16 full-time and 3 part-time professors, while the black law school had 5 full-time professors.
  • the University of Texas Law School had 850 students and a law library of 65,000 volumes, while the black law school had 23 students and a library of 16,500 volumes.
  • the University of Texas Law School had moot court facilities, an Order of the Coif affiliation, and numerous graduates involved in public and private law practice, while the black law school had only one practice court facility and only one graduate admitted to the Texas Bar.

Legacy[edit]

On June 14, 2005, the Travis County Commissioners voted to rename the courthouse as The Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse in honor of Sweatt's endeavor and victory.

Lead attorney on Sweatt, Judge Robert L. Carter with the then-dean of Fordham Law School, William Treanor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

State of Texas vs. NAACP case records, 1911-1961 1945-1961. Description: photocopied documents. 2 microfilm reels. Summary: Records document the 1956-1957 lawsuit that, in effect, outlawed the NAACP in Texas until the 1960s and also reflects the progress of the civil rights movement from the late 1940s to the 1960s.

Byron and Rannie Cook Papers, 1944-1962, Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Summary: Correspondence, newspapers, clippings, broadsides, ephemera, speeches, programs, notes, platforms, annual reports, printed material, magazines and artifacts relate to the Cook's involvement with the National Alliance of Postal Workers (Houston Chapter), the NAACP in Houston, service at the U.S. Post Office at Houston, the Progressive Party, the Henry Wallace presidential campaign, Leonard Sweatt, Heman Sweatt, John Butler and with unions.

The items above and other important material can be found in the University of Texas Library system at this link: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/about/librarymap/cah.html

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Works related to Sweatt v. Painter at Wikisource

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