Play Video
1
2012 Summer Olympic Swimming Time Trials | Phelps vs. Lochte (400M Finals) | 6-25-12
2012 Summer Olympic Swimming Time Trials | Phelps vs. Lochte (400M Finals) | 6-25-12
::2012/06/28::
Play Video
2
Synchronised Swimming - Team Free Routine - London 2012 Olympic Games
Synchronised Swimming - Team Free Routine - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
3
1952 Summer Olympics - Gymnastics, High Jump, Swimming, Weightlifting  - S88TV1
1952 Summer Olympics - Gymnastics, High Jump, Swimming, Weightlifting - S88TV1
::2014/06/23::
Play Video
4
London 2012 Russian Olympic Synchronised swimming
London 2012 Russian Olympic Synchronised swimming
::2012/06/29::
Play Video
5
Swimming - Men/Women -  Prel. - London 2012 Olympic Games
Swimming - Men/Women - Prel. - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
6
London Summer Olympics 2012 - USA Swimming Team Hopefuls from Missy Franklin to THE Michael Phelps!
London Summer Olympics 2012 - USA Swimming Team Hopefuls from Missy Franklin to THE Michael Phelps!
::2012/07/23::
Play Video
7
London Olympics 2012 Olympic Aquatic Center Divers Warm Up
London Olympics 2012 Olympic Aquatic Center Divers Warm Up
::2012/08/13::
Play Video
8
2013 Summer Junior Olympics
2013 Summer Junior Olympics
::2013/08/03::
Play Video
9
Call Me Maybe - 2012 USA Olympic Swimming Team
Call Me Maybe - 2012 USA Olympic Swimming Team
::2012/07/26::
Play Video
10
London Summer Olympics 2012 - Opening Weekend: Swimming & Gymnastics
London Summer Olympics 2012 - Opening Weekend: Swimming & Gymnastics
::2012/07/27::
Play Video
11
1972 Olympics Swimming Finals.mpg
1972 Olympics Swimming Finals.mpg
::2012/07/06::
Play Video
12
Swimming - Finals Day 5 | Full Replay | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
Swimming - Finals Day 5 | Full Replay | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
::2014/08/21::
Play Video
13
Swimming - Final Men/Women Day 2 | Full Replay | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
Swimming - Final Men/Women Day 2 | Full Replay | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
::2014/08/20::
Play Video
14
2012 Summer Olympic Swimming Time Trials | Men
2012 Summer Olympic Swimming Time Trials | Men's 100m Backstroke Finals | 6-27-12
::2012/06/28::
Play Video
15
1968 Olympics Swimming Finals. Juegos Olímpicos natacion
1968 Olympics Swimming Finals. Juegos Olímpicos natacion
::2013/04/26::
Play Video
16
2012 Summer Olympics Preview: Michael Phelps, Usain Bolt, Beach Volleyball, Synchronized Swimming
2012 Summer Olympics Preview: Michael Phelps, Usain Bolt, Beach Volleyball, Synchronized Swimming
::2012/07/25::
Play Video
17
Tu, tu, tothom! (Swimming at the 1924 summer olympics Remix) Versión censurada.
Tu, tu, tothom! (Swimming at the 1924 summer olympics Remix) Versión censurada.
::2011/03/28::
Play Video
18
Swimming - Men/Women -  SF
Swimming - Men/Women - SF's & Finals - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
19
Michael Phelps 2nd Gold 2008 Beijing Olympics Swimming Men
Michael Phelps 2nd Gold 2008 Beijing Olympics Swimming Men's 4 x 100m Freestyle Relay
::2012/12/11::
Play Video
20
London Summer Olympics 2012 - Swimming, Track & Field, and Tennis
London Summer Olympics 2012 - Swimming, Track & Field, and Tennis
::2012/08/03::
Play Video
21
Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games - Princess Daisy in Aquatics Swimming Event
Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games - Princess Daisy in Aquatics Swimming Event
::2011/07/01::
Play Video
22
2012 Summer Olympics Swimming & Diving "Part 1"
2012 Summer Olympics Swimming & Diving "Part 1"
::2012/08/07::
Play Video
23
The Club Penguin Summer Olympics 2012™ - Swimming Races - Part 2
The Club Penguin Summer Olympics 2012™ - Swimming Races - Part 2
::2012/08/31::
Play Video
24
Swimming - Men/Women Finals - London 2012 Olympic Games
Swimming - Men/Women Finals - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
25
The Club Penguin Summer Olympics 2012™ - Swimming Races - Part 1
The Club Penguin Summer Olympics 2012™ - Swimming Races - Part 1
::2012/08/15::
Play Video
26
London Summer Olympics 2012 - More Swimming & The
London Summer Olympics 2012 - More Swimming & The 'Fab Five' of Gymnastics
::2012/07/31::
Play Video
27
ABC Summer Olympics Games Of 1976 (Swimming Promo)
ABC Summer Olympics Games Of 1976 (Swimming Promo)
::2012/08/29::
Play Video
28
men
men's 4x100 freestyle relay 2008 olympics (Full Race)
::2008/08/25::
Play Video
29
Swimming Heats - Highlights | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
Swimming Heats - Highlights | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
::2014/08/21::
Play Video
30
Swimming - Men  Marathon - London 2012 Olympic Games
Swimming - Men Marathon - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
31
The 2008 Bejing Summer Olympics Video Game: Swimming
The 2008 Bejing Summer Olympics Video Game: Swimming
::2011/07/11::
Play Video
32
Synchronised Swimming - Team Technical Routine - London 2012 Olympic Games
Synchronised Swimming - Team Technical Routine - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
33
Russian team in synchronized swimming at the Olympic Games in Beijing
Russian team in synchronized swimming at the Olympic Games in Beijing
::2010/10/06::
Play Video
34
Synchronised Swimming - Duet Technical Routine - London 2012 Olympic Games
Synchronised Swimming - Duet Technical Routine - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
35
1976 OLYMPICS SWIMMING Men
1976 OLYMPICS SWIMMING Men's 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay
::2012/09/30::
Play Video
36
2014 Summer Olympics-Episode 2: Swimming!!!
2014 Summer Olympics-Episode 2: Swimming!!!
::2014/04/21::
Play Video
37
Summer Olympics athletes that didn
Summer Olympics athletes that didn't qualify - Swimming
::2012/07/31::
Play Video
38
Jessica Epps Summer 2010 Junior Olympic Swimming
Jessica Epps Summer 2010 Junior Olympic Swimming
::2010/09/20::
Play Video
39
Swimming - Men/Women  SF
Swimming - Men/Women SF's & Finals - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
40
2012 Summer Olympic Swimming Trials PHELPS BEATS LOCHTE 200m
2012 Summer Olympic Swimming Trials PHELPS BEATS LOCHTE 200m
::2012/06/28::
Play Video
41
Men
Men's and Women's Swimming Finals - Highlights | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
::2014/08/20::
Play Video
42
Synchronised Swimming - Duet Finals - London 2012 Olympic Games
Synchronised Swimming - Duet Finals - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
43
The Church Olympics - Summer Games - Gymnastics, Archery, Swimming, Track
The Church Olympics - Summer Games - Gymnastics, Archery, Swimming, Track
::2012/08/04::
Play Video
44
Swimming - Men/Women - London 2012 Olympic Games
Swimming - Men/Women - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
45
Day 6 Live | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
Day 6 Live | Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games
::2014/08/13::
Play Video
46
Synchronised Swimming - Duet Final - London 2012 Olympic Games
Synchronised Swimming - Duet Final - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
47
SUMMER OLYMPICS 2028 SWIMMING!!
SUMMER OLYMPICS 2028 SWIMMING!!
::2012/08/12::
Play Video
48
Michael Phelps 19th Medal | LONDON OLYMPICS 2012 SWIMMING | LIVE 7-31-12
Michael Phelps 19th Medal | LONDON OLYMPICS 2012 SWIMMING | LIVE 7-31-12
::2012/08/01::
Play Video
49
2012 Summer Olympics - Swimming 100 Meter
2012 Summer Olympics - Swimming 100 Meter
::2012/08/12::
Play Video
50
Swimming - Men/Women - London 2012 Olympic Games
Swimming - Men/Women - London 2012 Olympic Games
::2012/07/24::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Swimming at the Summer Olympics
Swimming pictogram.svg
Governing body FINA
Events 34 (men: 17; women: 17)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Medalists (men • women) • Records

Swimming has been a sport at every modern Summer Olympics. It has been open to women since 1912. Along with track & field athletics and gymnastics it is one of the most popular spectator sports at the Games and the one with the second largest number of events (after Athletics).

Men's events[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Current program
50 metre freestyle X[1] X X X X X X X 8
100 metre freestyle X X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
200 metre freestyle X X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
400 metre freestyle X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
1500 metre freestyle X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
100 metre backstroke X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
200 metre backstroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
100 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
200 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
100 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
200 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
200 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X 10
400 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
4 × 100 metre freestyle relay X X X X X X X X X X X 11
4 × 200 metre freestyle relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
4 × 100 metre medley relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Marathon 10 km X X 2
Past events
500 metre freestyle X 1
880 yard freestyle X[1] 1
1000 metre freestyle X 1
1200 metre freestyle X 1
4000 metre freestyle X 1
400 metre breaststroke X[1] X X 3
4 × 50 yard freestyle relay X[1] 1
200 metre team swimming X 1
200 metre obstacle event X 1
Underwater swimming X 1
100 metre freestyle for sailors X 1
Events 4 7 9 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 10 15 15 13 13 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 17

Women's events[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
50 metre freestyle X X X X X X X 7
100 metre freestyle X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
200 metre freestyle X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
400 metre freestyle X[2] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
800 metre freestyle X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
100 metre backstroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
200 metre backstroke X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
100 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
200 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
100 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
200 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
200 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X 10
400 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
4 × 100 metre freestyle relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
4 × 200 metre freestyle relay X X X X X 5
4 × 100 metre medley relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Marathon 10 km X X 2
Events 2 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 7 8 14 14 13 13 14 15 15 16 16 16 17 17

Olympic records[edit]

The International Olympic Committee recognise the best performances in all 32 current pool-based swimming events at the Games as Olympic records.

Medal table[edit]

Updated after 2012 Summer Olympics

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 230 164 126 520
2  Australia (AUS) 57 60 61 178
3  East Germany (GDR) 38 32 22 92
4  Hungary (HUN) 25 23 18 66
5  Japan (JPN) 20 24 29 73
6  Netherlands (NED) 19 18 19 56
7  Great Britain (GBR) 15 22 30 67
8  Germany (GER) 13 18 28 59
9  Soviet Union (URS) 12 21 26 59
10  China (CHN) 12 17 8 37
11  Sweden (SWE) 8 14 13 35
12  France (FRA) 8 13 19 40
13  Canada (CAN) 7 14 21 42
14  South Africa (RSA) 6 3 6 15
15  Unified Team (EUN) 6 3 1 10
16  Russia (RUS) 5 7 7 19
17  Ukraine (UKR) 4 5 1 10
18  Italy (ITA) 4 4 9 17
19  West Germany (FRG) 3 5 14 22
20  Romania (ROU) 3 2 4 9
21  Ireland (IRL) 3 0 1 4
22  Denmark (DEN) 2 5 5 12
23  Zimbabwe (ZIM) 2 4 1 7
24  Australasia (ANZ) 2 3 3 8
25  New Zealand (NZL) 2 1 3 6
26  Austria (AUT) 1 6 4 11
27  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 5 6 12
28  Brazil (BRA) 1 4 8 13
29  Greece (GRE) 1 3 3 7
30  Poland (POL) 1 3 2 6
31  South Korea (KOR) 1 3 0 4
32  Spain (ESP) 1 2 3 6
33  Belgium (BEL) 1 1 2 4
 Costa Rica (CRC) 1 1 2 4
35  Argentina (ARG) 1 1 1 3
 Bulgaria (BUL) 1 1 1 3
37  Yugoslavia (YUG) 1 1 0 2
38  Suriname (SUR) 1 0 1 2
 Mexico (MEX) 1 0 1 2
 Tunisia (TUN) 2 0 1 3
41  Lithuania (LTU) 1 0 0 1
42  Belarus (BLR) 0 2 0 2
 Slovakia (SVK) 0 2 0 2
44  Finland (FIN) 0 1 3 4
45  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 1 2
 Norway (NOR) 0 1 1 2
47  Croatia (CRO) 0 1 0 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 0 1
 Slovenia (SLO) 0 1 0 1
50  Philippines (PHI) 0 0 2 2
51  Switzerland (SUI) 0 0 1 1
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 0 1 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1
Total 522 519 521 1562

Nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
 Argentina (ARG) 4 4 22
 Australasia (ANZ) 5 9 2
 Australia (AUS) 1 6 5 5 22
 Austria (AUT) 2 3 1 1 8 3 25
 Belgium (BEL) 1 7 5 12 6 5 24
 Brazil (BRA) 2 25 19
 Canada (CAN) 1 1 3 2 6 23
 Chile (CHI) 4 23
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 9 1 17
 Denmark (DEN) 1 5 1 4 5 23
 East Germany (GDR) 5
 Estonia (EST) 1 4 1 4 6 9 6
 Finland (FIN) 3 6 1 2 1 23
 France (FRA) 47 4 3 13 20 13 24
 Germany (GER) 6 4 5 17 19 13
 Great Britain (GBR) 7 25 18 18 26 21 15 22 32 26 22 32 33 27 36 40 32 44 31 28 39 32 37 24 24
 Greece (GRE) 15 1 1 22
 Hungary (HUN) 1 1 2 10 8 6 8 25
 Ireland (IRL) 2 23
 Italy (ITA) 2 4 2 4 6 5 24
 Japan (JPN) 2 6 10 19
 Latvia (LAT) 1 4 4 5 2 5
 Lithuania (LTU) 2 8 6 10 9 4 6
 Luxembourg (LUX) 2 4 3 21
 Netherlands (NED) 4 7 4 12 14 23
 New Zealand (NZL) 1 1 4 20
 Norway (NOR) 5 2 1 1
 Panama (PAN) 1 23
 Philippines (PHI) 2 23
 Poland (POL) 2 23
 Portugal (POR) 1 22
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 12 X 5 3 6 7 3 6 4
 Russia (RUS) 4 6
 South Africa (RSA) 1 1 5 16
 Spain (ESP) 2 4 5 11 21 18 23 16 23 20
 Sweden (SWE) 1 12 24 13 14 9 24 18 17 18 16 15 18 24
 Switzerland (SUI) 4 2 1
 Soviet Union (URS) X 9
 United States (USA) 1 2 25 8 7 22 26 23 51 X 43 44 40 44 48 43 43 25
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 6 22
Nations 4 12 4 14 17 19 23 28 33 45 42 51 52 51 41 67 77 92
Swimmers 19 76 32 100 120 116 118 182 235 380 405 468 532 471 333 494 633 641
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 26

Notable changes to the sport[edit]

Times have consistently dropped over the years due to better training techniques and to new developments in the sport.

In the first four Olympics, competitions were not held in pools, but rather in open water (1896, the Mediterranean Sea; 1900, the Seine; 1904, an artificial lake; 1906, the Mediterranean). The 1904 Olympics' races were the only ones ever measured at yards, instead of the usual metres. A 100 metre pool was built for the 1908 Olympics and sat in the centre of the main stadium's track and field oval. The 1912 Olympics, held in the Stockholm harbour, marked the beginning of electrical timing.

Male swimmers wore full body swimsuits up until the 1940s, which caused more drag in the water than their modern swim-wear counterparts. Also, over the years, pool designs have lessened the drag. Some design considerations allow for the reduction of swimming resistance making the pool faster. Namely, proper pool depth, elimination of waves, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, and the use of other innovative hydraulic, acoustic, illumination, and swimwear designs.

The 1924 Olympics were the first to use the standard 50 metre pool with marked lanes. In the freestyle, swimmers originally dove from the pool walls, but diving blocks were incorporated starting at the 1936 Summer Olympics. The flip-turn was developed by the 1950s. Swimming goggles were first allowed in 1976.

The butterfly stroke events were not held until 1956. According to the rules before then, the butterfly stroke was allowed in the breaststroke races - but then the contest rules were changed, abolishing the use of the butterfly stroke in the breaststroke races.

Women were first allowed the longer distance of 800 metres freestyle in 1968, which remains the longest distance for women. Up until then, women were considered to be too "delicate" to swim a race this long, even though the men had had the 1,500 metre freestyle from the very early years.

Both men and women were granted the 200 metre freestyle race in 1968, giving swimmers an intermediate distance race between 100 metres and 400 metres.

Women's teams were first granted the 800 metre freestyle relay race in 1996 - even though there had been a men's relay race at that distance since 1912. At six Olympiads, the men had two freestyle relay races, but the women only had one. Now, both sexes have two.

The medley relay races (4×100 metres) were not held for men or for women until 1960, but they have continued in every Olympiad since then.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Distances at the 1904 Olympics were measured in yards rather than metres. The 50 yard freestyle was 45.7 metres and the 100 yard freestyle and backstroke races were 91.4 metres. The 220, 440, and 880 yard freestyle races were 201, 402, and 804 metres, respectively. Instead of a 1500 metre race, there was a 1 mile race which made for 1609 metres. The 440 yard breaststroke, like the freestyle, was 402 metres. The relay, 4 × 50 yards, was 4 × 45.7 metres.
  2. ^ In 1920, the women's event was 300 metres.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014