|Launched||19 November 1967|
|Owned by||Television Broadcasts Limited|
|Picture format||Analog: 4:3 (SDTV)
Digital: 16:9 (HDTV)
|Broadcast area||Hong Kong
Macau and parts of Guangdong Province
|Hong Kong analogue||Variable by district|
|Hong Kong digital||Channel 84 (HD)|
|Astro (Malaysia)||Channel 740 (HD)|
TVB Pearl (Chinese: 無綫電視明珠台) is one of the two free television services in Hong Kong that mainly broadcast in the English language, the other being ATV World. It is owned and operated by Television Broadcasts Limited, and together with its sister Cantonese language station TVB Jade, is broadcast from TVB City at 77 Chun Choi Street in Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate in Tseung Kwan O, in the Sai Kung District, which is in the Eastern region of Hong Kong's New Territories.
Apart from the use of English rather than Cantonese, TVB Pearl's daytime output differs from TVB Jade's in providing more serious programming, such as documentaries and news, and during peak viewing time it is much more reliant on overseas-made TV series and films. Occasionally, TVB Pearl also shows programmes in other languages (but usually well outside peak viewing time), including Mandarin, Japanese and Korean (see #Non-English programmes).
Established on 19 November 1967, TVB Pearl broadcasts free of charge to over 2.1 million households in Hong Kong. The channel is operated by Television Broadcasts Limited or TVB, along with its sister channel TVB Jade. In 1991, TVB Pearl began to broadcast in NICAM, a digital audio modulation system that provides a facility for stereo or bilingual or trilingual audio transmission. (For the digital counterpart, multiple AC-3 streams are transmitted for the same purpose.) With a compatible television, the viewer can receive audio in their choice of language; typically, English and Cantonese. Chinese subtitles are available on most programmes after 18:20.
TVBS News (台灣無綫衛星電視台新聞) is carried on TVB Pearl delayed at 05:00 to 05:30 Hong Kong Time (live television at 23:00 to 01:00 Taiwan Time) and is currently the only Republic of China daily news television stations carried on TVB Pearl.
CCTV News (中國新聞) is carried on TVB Pearl delayed at 05:30 to 06:00 Hong Kong Time (live television at 19:00 to 19:30 Beijing Time) by CCTV-4 Chinese International (Asia) and is currently the only People's Republic of China daily news television stations carried on TVB Pearl.
NBC Nightly News (NBC英語新聞) is carried on TVB Pearl live television at 07:30 to 08:00 Hong Kong Time (18:30 to 19:00 New York City Time) and is currently the only United States of America daily news television stations carried on TVB Pearl.
CGTN News - Live (CGTN News - 直播) is carried on TVB Pearl live television at 12:00 to 13:00 Beijing/Hong Kong Time by "Global Watch (環球瞭望)" on weekday and is currently the only People's Republic of China daily news television stations carried on TVB Pearl.
CNN Indonesia Tonight is carried on TVB Pearl live television at 00:00 to 01:00 Hong Kong Time (23:00 to 00:00 Jakarta Standard Time) and is currently the only Indonesia daily news television stations carried on TVB Pearl.
Movies are the most watched programmes on TVB Pearl. The generic title for movies on the channel was originally Studio 930, as the starting time is 9.30pm, but was replaced by Weekend Blockbuster. This title is familiar to most Hong Kong viewers, according to ratings surveys conducted by ACNielsen in 2001. While most drama programmes air over four nights (Monday-Thursdays), Weekend Blockbuster generally airs on Fridays and over the weekend.
Schedules are published in the South China Morning Post and The Standard and in other daily Hong Kong newspapers, including English newspapers. TVB Pearl listings are no longer carried in the South China Morning Post.
Pearl officially started digital and Standard-definition (SD) broadcasting on 31 December 2007 with the terrestrial number 84 for digital broadcasting. The aspect ratio is 16:9. It changed to full high definition on 28 Oct 2012.
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