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Tabby Cats 10 Quick Facts - Cat Breeds Encyclopedia
Tabby Cats 10 Quick Facts - Cat Breeds Encyclopedia
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: Cat Breeds Encyclopedia.com
Cats 101- Domestic Shorthair
Cats 101- Domestic Shorthair
Published: 2010/09/28
Channel: Animal Planet
My Name Is Bobo. I am a Tabby Cat.
My Name Is Bobo. I am a Tabby Cat.
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: Krzysztof Smejlis
Cutest Tabby Cat Playing. Homemade Cat Toy.
Cutest Tabby Cat Playing. Homemade Cat Toy.
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Fiasco
Tabby Cat Meowing
Tabby Cat Meowing
Published: 2009/12/31
Channel: rangebury
My Beautiful Female Orange Tabby Cat Mya!
My Beautiful Female Orange Tabby Cat Mya!
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: MaxluvsMya
5 Fun Facts About Tabby Cats
5 Fun Facts About Tabby Cats
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: Angelo d'Felix
The Grizzly and the Tabby cat
The Grizzly and the Tabby cat
Published: 2011/01/19
Channel: calvin kennedy
Africa Wild Cats - House Tabby Cat or Native?  Kittens Play Sleep Purr Knead Scare & Eat
Africa Wild Cats - House Tabby Cat or Native? Kittens Play Sleep Purr Knead Scare & Eat
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: Dolph C. Volker
Tabby Cat knocking on door
Tabby Cat knocking on door
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Joanpinchof Salt
Tiny Baby Tabby Kitten
Tiny Baby Tabby Kitten
Published: 2013/03/07
Channel: delectalicious
Cute Tabby Cat Loves to Fight
Cute Tabby Cat Loves to Fight
Published: 2012/05/27
Channel: nageljr
Big tabby grey tiger cat
Big tabby grey tiger cat
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: unteroffizier
Grey tabby cat looking for new home. Female & Spayed
Grey tabby cat looking for new home. Female & Spayed
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: Geoff B
Waller-Wahnsinn in Spanien 2016 | "Go pro or go home" | tabbyCat
Waller-Wahnsinn in Spanien 2016 | "Go pro or go home" | tabbyCat
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: tabbyCat
Tabby Cat Gives Birth to One Kitten - Adorable MUST WATCH!
Tabby Cat Gives Birth to One Kitten - Adorable MUST WATCH!
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Alex Lopez
Black cat with striped cats meows on the street
Black cat with striped cats meows on the street
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Robin Seplut
Orange Tabby Cat Mad when kitten moves in house
Orange Tabby Cat Mad when kitten moves in house
Published: 2009/06/11
Channel: Bob Belter
Grey tabby cat rolling around outside
Grey tabby cat rolling around outside
Published: 2014/04/27
Channel: Rainbow Miao
15 Tabby Cat Facts
15 Tabby Cat Facts
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Hoi It's Kylie
Uniquely coloured tabby cat Venus has become an internet sensation
Uniquely coloured tabby cat Venus has become an internet sensation
Published: 2012/09/06
Channel: ODN
Wilson the Tabby Cat Purring on my Lap
Wilson the Tabby Cat Purring on my Lap
Published: 2012/05/02
Channel: charlton801
Tiger and Tabby Cat Cross Breed: The first UK breeder of TOYGERS
Tiger and Tabby Cat Cross Breed: The first UK breeder of TOYGERS
Published: 2007/07/23
Channel: Barcroft TV
Simon Draws: Tabby Cats - Simon
Simon Draws: Tabby Cats - Simon's Cat | CREATIVE
Published: 2014/01/23
Channel: Simon's Cat
Tigger Striped Cat
Tigger Striped Cat
Published: 2008/09/28
Channel: whatblack2284
Big Tabby Cat Meets Baby Tabby
Big Tabby Cat Meets Baby Tabby
Published: 2008/06/13
Channel: catmeowpurr
Loud Tabby Cat Loves Rubs (Lots Of Meowing)
Loud Tabby Cat Loves Rubs (Lots Of Meowing)
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Sweet Earth Blue
Music for Tabby Cats - Lullabies to Help Your Cat Relax
Music for Tabby Cats - Lullabies to Help Your Cat Relax
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: Relax My Cat - Relaxing Music for Cats
Cute, Friendly Orange Tabby cat needs a home
Cute, Friendly Orange Tabby cat needs a home
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: CJL
Smoke The Light Gray Tabby Cat Hissing At The Vet
Smoke The Light Gray Tabby Cat Hissing At The Vet
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: Shihtzu Fan
Welcome Home Sophie & Daphne! (American Shorthair Silver Tabby Cats)
Welcome Home Sophie & Daphne! (American Shorthair Silver Tabby Cats)
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: K Werner Design
Cuddling with my Orange Tabby Cat Mya :)
Cuddling with my Orange Tabby Cat Mya :)
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: MaxluvsMya
Two New Pets!!! Tabby Cat And Frog Ep.4 Portal Knights
Two New Pets!!! Tabby Cat And Frog Ep.4 Portal Knights
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Vinnie Prime
All Of My LPS Tabby Cats!
All Of My LPS Tabby Cats!
Published: 2013/12/27
Channel: Toy Cutie TV
WoW: Goldfarm 15,000 - 45,000 | Updated Spot - Black Tabby Cat | Instant Respawn |
WoW: Goldfarm 15,000 - 45,000 | Updated Spot - Black Tabby Cat | Instant Respawn |
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: Studen Albatroz
Siberian Husky playing with her Tabby cat
Siberian Husky playing with her Tabby cat
Published: 2009/06/29
Channel: phera79
Oliver the Funny Tabby Cat
Oliver the Funny Tabby Cat
Published: 2010/12/14
Channel: Jeremy Ebdon
Bobbie the fluffy Tabby Cat
Bobbie the fluffy Tabby Cat
Published: 2011/04/11
Channel: HopeEthereal
Tabby cat vs. Black cat
Tabby cat vs. Black cat
Published: 2015/10/03
Channel: Robin Seplut
Our New Kittens | Kai & Zane | Orange Tabby Cats | Cat Week
Our New Kittens | Kai & Zane | Orange Tabby Cats | Cat Week
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: MilaAndLinasWay
Tabby Cat Affectionate
Tabby Cat Affectionate
Published: 2010/12/20
Channel: legacydreams
Cute & Loud Tabby Cat!
Cute & Loud Tabby Cat!
Published: 2008/09/19
Channel: pedwellrock
Big Bullseye Tabby Cat Meowing
Big Bullseye Tabby Cat Meowing
Published: 2010/03/11
Channel: In It To Spin It
Ginger Tabby Cats going to barn - big cats!
Ginger Tabby Cats going to barn - big cats!
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: Amira Celon
Cheddar, our faithful orange tabby cat of 17 years
Cheddar, our faithful orange tabby cat of 17 years
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: Kevin Chew
Orange Tabby Cat Needs A Lovable Home
Orange Tabby Cat Needs A Lovable Home
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: Rockford's New Country Q98.5
How to get lots of goodies on tabby cat!
How to get lots of goodies on tabby cat!
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Scorpio 21
茶トラ子猫「ひろし」久しぶりのトレーニング!木登り編↑ Tabby Cat Hiroshi Practicing his Climbing Moves
茶トラ子猫「ひろし」久しぶりのトレーニング!木登り編↑ Tabby Cat Hiroshi Practicing his Climbing Moves
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: Tabby Cat Hiroshi(茶トラ子猫ひろし)成長日記
Spin Cycle Tabby Cat- FUNNY!
Spin Cycle Tabby Cat- FUNNY!
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: hihosilver13
Lady Schrödinger "rudi", black smoke tabby cat.
Lady Schrödinger "rudi", black smoke tabby cat.
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Josich
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Mackerel tabby, with the striped pattern

A tabby is any domestic cat that has a coat featuring distinctive stripes, dots, lines or swirling patterns, usually together with a mark resembling an 'M' on its forehead. Tabbies are sometimes erroneously assumed to be a cat breed.[1] In fact, the tabby pattern is found in many breeds, as well as among the general mixed-breed population. The tabby pattern is a naturally occurring feature that may be related to the coloration of the domestic cat's direct ancestor, the African wildcat, which (along with the European wildcat and Asiatic wildcat) has a similar coloration.

Etymology[edit]

The English term tabby originates from the translation of the French phrase "striped silk taffeta", the root of which is tabis, meaning "a rich watered silk." This can be further traced to the Middle French atabis (14th century), which stemmed from the Arabic term attabiya. This word is a reference to the neighborhood in Baghdad, Attabiy (named for Prince Attab of the Umayyad Caliphate), where such silk cloth was first made. Tabby is also comparable to the Spanish word ataviar, which means "to decorate or to dress or wear" and often implies luxurious clothing.[2] Usage of the term tabby cat , which means "one with a striped coat", began in the 1690s and was later shortened to tabby in 1774. The notion that tabby is indicative of a female cat may be a reference to the feminine proper name Tabby, as a shortened form of Tabitha.[3]

Tabby patterns[edit]

Prototypical tabby patterns in the head region: An 'M' on the forehead, bright eye rims and borders of the ears
A Seal lynx point showing the bullseye classic pattern
The ticked tabby pattern is a trait of Abyssinians
Brown spotted tabby pattern on an Ocicat

There are four tabby patterns that have been shown to be genetically distinct:[1][4] Mackerel, Classic, spotted, and ticked.

A fifth includes tabby as part of another basic color pattern. The "patched" tabby is a calico or tortoiseshell cat with tabby patches (also known as "caliby" and "torbie", respectively).[1]

All those patterns have been observed in random-bred populations. Several additional patterns are found in specific breeds. A modified Classic tabby is found in the Sokoke breed. Some are due to the interaction of wild and domestic genes. Rosetted and marbled patterns are found in the Bengal breed.

Mackerel tabby[edit]

The mackerel tabby pattern has vertical, gently curving stripes on the side of the body. The stripes are narrow and may be continuous or broken into bars and spots on the flanks and stomach. An "M" shape appears on the forehead along with dark lines across the cat's cheeks to the corners of its eyes. Mackerels are also called 'fishbone tabbies', probably because they are named after the mackerel fish.[5] Mackerel is the most common tabby pattern.

Classic tabby[edit]

The Classic (also known as "Blotched" or "Marbled") tabby tends to have a pattern of dark browns, ochres and black but also occurs in grey. Classic tabbies have the "M" pattern on their foreheads but the body markings have a whirled or swirled pattern (often called a "bullseye") on the cat's sides. There is also a light colored "butterfly" pattern on the shoulders and three thin stripes (the center stripe is dark) running along its spine. Like the Mackerel tabby, Classic tabbies have dark bars on the legs, tail, and cheeks.

Ticked tabby[edit]

The ticked (or stripeless) tabby pattern produces agouti hairs, hairs with distinct bands of color on them, breaking up the tabby patterning into a "salt-and-pepper" or "sand" like appearance. Residual ghost striping or "barring" can often be seen on the lower legs, face, and belly and sometimes at the tail tip, as well as a long dark line running along the back, usually in the spine.

Spotted tabby[edit]

The Spotted tabby is a modifier that breaks up the Mackerel tabby pattern so that the stripes appear as spots. Similarly, the stripes of the Classic tabby pattern may be broken into larger spots. Both large spot and small spot patterns can be seen in the Australian Mist, Bengal, Egyptian Mau, Maine Coon, and Ocicat breeds.

Genetic explanations for tabby patterns[edit]

Tabby point on Mekong bobtail

The tabby patterns are due to three distinct gene loci and one modifier:

The agouti gene, A/a,[6] controls whether or not the tabby pattern is expressed. The dominant A expresses the underlying tabby pattern, while the recessive non-agouti or "hypermelanistic" allele, a, does not. Solid-color (black or blue) cats have the aa combination, hiding the tabby pattern, although sometimes a suggestion of the underlying pattern can be seen (called "ghost striping") This is mostly seen in young cats that still have the baby coat. The right pattern (classic, mackerel, or spotted) will reveal itself then, because that is independent of whether it is tabby or solid.

However, the agouti gene only controls the production of black pigment, so a cat with an O allele for orange color will still have the tabby pattern. As a result, both red cats and the patches of red on tortoiseshell cats will show tabby striping.

The primary tabby pattern gene, Mc/mc or Mc/Mc, sets the basic pattern of stripes that underlies the coat. Mc is the wild-type tabby gene and produces what is called a Mackerel striped tabby. Classic tabbies are cats who also possess mc/mc, a recessive mutant gene that produces the blotched pattern.

The spotted gene is directly connected to the Mc gene; it 'breaks' the lines of a mackerel tabby, turning it into spots. The spotted gene is dominant as well, which means a spotted will be Sp/sp or Sp/Sp together with Mc/mc and Mc/Mc and A/a and A/A.

The ticked tabby pattern is on a different gene locus than the Mackerel and Classic tabby patterns and is epistatic to the other patterns. A dominant mutation, Ta / ta, masks any other tabby pattern, producing a non-patterned, or agouti tabby, with virtually no stripes or bars. If the ticked tabby pattern gene is present, any other tabby pattern is masked. Cats homozygous for the ticked allele (Ta / Ta) have less barring than cats heterozygous for the ticked allele. When a cat of this genetic make-up is selectively bred for lack of barring and wide banding on the hair shaft, the resulting pattern is referred to as shaded.

History[edit]

A European wildcat (F. s. silvestris) bearing a similar coat pattern to that of a tabby cat. It is thought that the tabby pattern originates from the numerous subspecies of the wildcat.

Since the tabby pattern is a common wild type, it might be assumed that medieval cats were tabbies. However, one writer believed this to be untrue, at least in England. Some time after the mid-17th century, the natural philosopher John Aubrey noted that William Laud, the Archbishop of Canterbury was "a great lover of Cats" and "was presented with some Cyprus-cats, i.e. our Tabby-Cats". He then claimed that "I doe [sic] well remember that the common English Catt, was white with some blueish piednesse (i.e. white with grey parts). The race or breed of them are now almost lost."[7] However, most drawings or paintings of cats in medieval manuscripts do show them to be tabbies.[8]

Notable examples[edit]

Well-known tabby cats include Freya, who belongs to former British Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne,[9] and Think Think, one of two cats belonging to the President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen.[10] One of the first mass-produced stuffed toys, the Ithaca Kitty, was inspired by a tabby cat.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c A Tribute to Tabby Cats in all Their Manifestations. About.com:Cats. Retrieved on January 31, 2008
  2. ^ ataviar - Definición - WordReference.com. Retrieved on May 6, 2013
  3. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  4. ^ Cat Colors FAQ Cat Fanciers. Retrieved on January 31, 2008
  5. ^ "Glossary of Cat Terms". Retrieved November 24, 2009. 
  6. ^ Cats of a Different Color, Agouti. Archived February 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Oliver Lawson Dick, ed. Aubrey's Brief Lives. Edited from the Original Manuscripts, 1949, p. xxxvi.
  8. ^ Kathleen Walker-Meikle, Medieval Cats (British Library, 2011).
  9. ^ Walters, Simon (2012-06-23). "Chancellor George Osborne reunited with fat cat Freya who disappeared three years ago | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-06-25. 
  10. ^ "Taiwan's cat-loving President to adopt dogs too, East Asia News & Top Stories". The Straits Times. 2016-05-27. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  11. ^ "Ithaca Kitty was a success across America". Ithacajournal.com. 2016-07-28. Retrieved 2017-03-06. 

External links[edit]

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