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FANNING ISLAND, Tabuaeran
FANNING ISLAND, Tabuaeran
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: David Reano
Surfing in Tabuaeran, Kiribati 2009.m4v
Surfing in Tabuaeran, Kiribati 2009.m4v
Published: 2010/07/10
Channel: April Fountain
Life in Tabuaeran, Fanning Island, Kiribati
Life in Tabuaeran, Fanning Island, Kiribati
Published: 2017/11/12
Channel: Viviana Guzman
Tabuaeran Teraina 1988-1994 Kiribati Bateau Fraternité
Tabuaeran Teraina 1988-1994 Kiribati Bateau Fraternité
Published: 2012/10/15
Channel: Fred Giraldi
Te makoro ae Tauraoi by The Fanning Voice (Tabuaeran).mpg
Te makoro ae Tauraoi by The Fanning Voice (Tabuaeran).mpg
Published: 2010/07/30
Channel: Thomas Namakin
Life on Fanning Island (Kiribati)
Life on Fanning Island (Kiribati)
Published: 2013/05/09
Channel: alexanderjoelchannel
Phenomine by The Fanning Voice (Tabuaeran).mpg
Phenomine by The Fanning Voice (Tabuaeran).mpg
Published: 2010/07/30
Channel: Thomas Namakin
Tomorrow never come by The Fanning Voice (Tabuaeran)....Sang by Timeona
Tomorrow never come by The Fanning Voice (Tabuaeran)....Sang by Timeona
Published: 2010/07/30
Channel: Thomas Namakin
TABUAERAN - HOW TO PRONOUNCE IT!?
TABUAERAN - HOW TO PRONOUNCE IT!?
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: WordBox
3 Kiribati Tabuaeran Kiritimati 1988-1994 Teraina
3 Kiribati Tabuaeran Kiritimati 1988-1994 Teraina
Published: 2012/09/23
Channel: Fred Giraldi
Tabuaeran=Kiribati
Tabuaeran=Kiribati
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: www.oceanstrada1972.de
Kiribati Tabuaeran Teraina 1988-1994 Kiritimati
Kiribati Tabuaeran Teraina 1988-1994 Kiritimati
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: Fred Giraldi
Fanning Island Surf
Fanning Island Surf
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Raoi Kiribati
To Fanning 2014
To Fanning 2014
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: PipelineTrimaran
Fanning song
Fanning song
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Tita Merake
Fanning Island from the air
Fanning Island from the air
Published: 2008/07/02
Channel: NiueChannel
Fanning Island South Pacific. Also known as Tabuaeran Islan
Fanning Island South Pacific. Also known as Tabuaeran Islan
Published: 2011/12/18
Channel: Charly Cupp
Fanning Island Crowd Fund
Fanning Island Crowd Fund
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: EARTH LLC
Fanning Island Natives Singing
Fanning Island Natives Singing
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: eddieph8
Mystery Of Fanning Island
Mystery Of Fanning Island
Published: 2006/12/17
Channel: daniel hopsicker
Our Visit To Fanning Island
Our Visit To Fanning Island
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: David Nicholls
ARE YOU A FANNING ISLAND FAN?
ARE YOU A FANNING ISLAND FAN?
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Joe Trum
KGMB news: HELP NEEDED FOR FANNING ISLAND
KGMB news: HELP NEEDED FOR FANNING ISLAND
Published: 2011/06/10
Channel: pacificcaremissions
Fanning Island Surf 2017
Fanning Island Surf 2017
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Paul Hagmann
Fanning Island Surf .com
Fanning Island Surf .com
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Paul Hagmann
The Last Paradise - Fanning Island Maie 4k
The Last Paradise - Fanning Island Maie 4k
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Living Life Unpeeled
Fanning Island 2010
Fanning Island 2010
Published: 2010/02/21
Channel: Gary Hauptli
Fanning Island Crowd Fund 01
Fanning Island Crowd Fund 01
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Tony Vidana
Fanning Island children dancing
Fanning Island children dancing
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: tarzanvideo
Fanning Island - 2006
Fanning Island - 2006
Published: 2007/08/04
Channel: CoconutTelegraph
Fanning Island & Native Islanders Singing
Fanning Island & Native Islanders Singing
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: eddieph8
Beautiful Unsploit Beaches in Fanning Island
Beautiful Unsploit Beaches in Fanning Island
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: eddieph8
Fanning Island Children
Fanning Island Children
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Mark Rongers
Fanning Island
Fanning Island
Published: 2007/08/09
Channel: Bill Kendall
2 Kiribati1988-1994 various actions Bateau Fraternité
2 Kiribati1988-1994 various actions Bateau Fraternité
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: Fred Giraldi
MTSS
MTSS
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: fkikito
Fanning Island And Trading Penny Stocks
Fanning Island And Trading Penny Stocks
Published: 2014/01/16
Channel: Payd Alerts Stock Trading
Waikiki and Fanning Island
Waikiki and Fanning Island
Published: 2010/01/21
Channel: 5342446
Napali Beach of Fanning Island
Napali Beach of Fanning Island
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: Lyudmila Borodacheva
Fanning Island welcome singers
Fanning Island welcome singers
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: tarzanvideo
fanning island welcome party
fanning island welcome party
Published: 2010/05/07
Channel: vincent hart
Welcome to you all!  Fanning Island
Welcome to you all! Fanning Island
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: Jim Robertson
Fanning.mpg
Fanning.mpg
Published: 2010/02/22
Channel: yachtumoya
Fanning island singers
Fanning island singers
Published: 2014/10/19
Channel: Kabiriera Naan
Gulliver the Macaw stranded on Fanning Island, Kiribati
Gulliver the Macaw stranded on Fanning Island, Kiribati
Published: 2008/04/12
Channel: mbult
Fanning Island
Fanning Island
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: David Young
Fanning, B3, 2012
Fanning, B3, 2012
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: 100 Island Challenge
Kiritimati Kiribati 1988-1994 Bateau Fraternité
Kiritimati Kiribati 1988-1994 Bateau Fraternité
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Fred Giraldi
Fanning or the impossibility of an Island / Fanning ou l
Fanning or the impossibility of an Island / Fanning ou l'impossibilité d'une ile
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: BIC Sport
fanning island a1.mpg
fanning island a1.mpg
Published: 2010/02/26
Channel: Bill Row
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Tabuaeran is located in Pacific Ocean
Tabuaeran
Tabuaeran
Location of Tabuaeran in the Pacific Ocean
Tabuaeran Kiribati.jpg
Lagoon shoreline at Fanning
Map from CIA Factbook

Tabuaeran or "Tahanea" is known in English as Fanning Atoll (both Gilbertese and English names are recognised), is one of the Line Islands of the central Pacific Ocean and part of Kiribati. It is an atoll located at 3°51′36″N 159°21′52″W / 3.86000°N 159.36444°W / 3.86000; -159.36444Coordinates: 3°51′36″N 159°21′52″W / 3.86000°N 159.36444°W / 3.86000; -159.36444. The land area is 33.73 square kilometres (13.02 square miles), and the population in 2010 was 1,960.[1] The maximum elevation is about 3 m (10 ft) above high tide.

The lagoon has an area of 110 square kilometres (42 square miles). The deepest water in the lagoon is about 15 metres (49 feet), but most of it is very shallow.[1]

History[edit]

At some 900 miles (1,400 kilometres) distant, Tabuaeran is one of the closest landfalls to the Hawaiian Islands. The atoll was possibly used as a stopover by the Polynesians who first settled Hawaiʻi. Artifacts have been discovered that indicate possible early settlements by people from Polynesia—probably the Cook Islands or Tonga.

The first European to sight Tabuaeran was American captain Edmund Fanning of the American ship Betsy on June 11, 1798; it was named for him.[2] At the time, the atoll was uninhabited and, like all of the Line Islands, had no truly native population. After Fanning, it was visited by whalers of several nationalities.

Before 1855, Captain Henry English and 150 labourers from Manihiki settled, and began producing coconut oil for export. He put the island under British protection, when it was visited by W.H. Morshead on HMS Dido on October 16, 1855.

Fanning was formally annexed to Great Britain by Captain William Wiseman of HMS Caroline on March 15, 1888. A deep opening was blasted, thereafter called the English Channel, on the west side of the atoll. Tabuaeran hosted a station on the Trans-Pacific Cable between Canada and Australia, a part of the All Red Line, beginning in 1902. Fanning Island Post Office opened on 29 November 1902.[3] In September 1914 (World War I), the cable station was shelled by a German cruiser, the Nürnberg, and was slightly damaged. A landing force went ashore to complete the destruction. In 1939 the atoll was incorporated into the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. In 1979, it gained independence, becoming part of the Republic of Kiribati (pronounced kee-ree-bahs).

Tabuaeran features in John Updike's short story "The Blessed Man of Boston, My Grandmother's Thimble, and Fanning Island."

An airfield was constructed on Napari (Napali) islet when the University of Hawaii operated a tide monitoring station on the atoll. That station closed in 1981 and the airfield is no longer in use.[1]

Present[edit]

Tabuaeran had a population of 2,539 at the 2005 Census, principally Gilbertese settlers brought from the main Kiribati archipelago by Fanning Island Plantations, Ltd., to work in the copra industry. The administrative centre of the atoll is Paelau, which is on the western side, south of a passage into the lagoon. The main health centre is located at Paelau. There are health clinics on Napari (Napali) islet on the north end of the island and at Kimarimari at the southern end of the island.[1] At the 2010 Census the population had reduced to 1,960.[1] The explanation for the reduction in population is that people left the island after the closure of Meleangi Tabai, the secondary school (which has since reopened); work opportunities were reduced by the Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) ceasing to visit the island and as a result of the reduced operations of the Atoll Seaweed Company.[1]

There are 8 villages listed in the 2010 census results:

No. Village Population
(Census 2005)
Population
(Census 2010)
1 Napari (Napali) 194 0
2 Tereitaki 438 346
3 Betania 260 175
4 Paelau (Napia, English Harbour) 250 200
5 Aontenaa (Aontena) 177 190
6 Tenenebo (Terine) 461 453
7 Tereitannano (Tereitaki) 249 168
8 Aramari 358 244
9 Mwanuku (Manuku or Eten) 152 184
Tabuaeran 2,539 1,960

Reef fish and shellfish, babai (Cyrtosperma chamissonis), coconut, pigs, chickens, and seaweed (limu) grown in a lagoon are local foods, supplementing a main diet of imported rice and tinned meats.[1]

The island's major exports are copra and hand crafts (including cowrie shell, shark tooth knives, and Kiribati stamps). A supply ship from Australia calls two or three times a year, as does the sailing vessel Kwai.[4]

Helpful organizations with concerns for the local schools, churches and healthcare needs are Pacific CARE Missions and Pacific Island Aid.

Ecology[edit]

Overfishing and pollution have impacted on the ocean surrounding the island. In the ocean surrounding uninhabited islands of the Northern Line Islands, Sharks comprised 74% of the top predator biomass (329 g m-2) at Kingman Reef and 57% at Palmyra Atoll (97 g m-2), whereas low shark numbers have been observed at Tabuaeran and Kiritimati.[5]

Cruising[edit]

Tabuaeran was a weekly port of call for Norwegian Cruise Line, who had ships based in Honolulu. Due to US federal regulations requiring foreign-flagged ships to call in a foreign port, the ships cruised to Tabuaeran. It was also more cost effective for the cruise line to visit a foreign country than to pay port charges as a consequence of the U.S. Passenger Vessel Services Act of 1886.

In 2007, the Norwegian Wind left Norwegian's fleet, and they introduced three cruise ships specifically to cruise in Hawaiʻi. These were all US-flagged ships, and thus were not required to visit foreign ports. The Pride of Hawaiʻi and Pride of America had seven-day sailings, and the Pride of Aloha took over the 10- and 11-day sailings that included Tabuaeran. In the fall of 2007, Norwegian announced that the Pride of Hawaiʻi would be reflagged and renamed the Norwegian Jade and sail in Europe.[6] Due to this change, Norwegian announced that the Pride of Aloha and the Pride of America would sail seven-day cruises in Hawaiʻi and eliminate cruises to Tabuaeran. In the late spring of 2009, NCL decided to only have the Pride of America in Hawaii, and the Pride of Aloha was relocated. Fanning has been suffering since this decision.

Starting in January 2010, the Holland America cruise ship Rotterdam, September 2011 Westerdam, April 2011 Volendam and January and February 2012 Seaborne Cruiseline have been scheduling visits to Fanning. That is beginning to allow the island to regain some income with help from visiting cruise ships.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "21. Tabuaeran" (PDF). Office of Te Beretitent - Republic of Kiribati Island Report Series. 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Bryan, E.H. American Polynesia and the Hawaiian Chain. Honolulu, Hawaii: Tongg Publishing Company, 1941 pages 141-144.
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  4. ^ SAILING SHIP KWAI
  5. ^ Stuart A. Sandin; et al. (27 February 2008). "Baselines and Degradation of Coral Reefs in the Northern Line Islands". 3 (2) PLoS ONE. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  6. ^ NCL Announces Jade, Jewel And Gem For Largest Ever European Deployment

External links[edit]

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