1
Man Eating Anacondas - BBC Animal Documentary 2015 Full HD
Man Eating Anacondas - BBC Animal Documentary 2015 Full HD
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2
Sinhala Meaning Google Chrome Extension - Translate words from English to Sinhala
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3
History of  Sri Lanka part 1 .(Tamil)
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4
Man Eating Anacondas (Documentary)
Man Eating Anacondas (Documentary)
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How to make Watalappan -( Sinhala)
How to make Watalappan -( Sinhala)
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Tamils History in Eelam Sri Lanka - Documentary Part 1- Savetamils
Tamils History in Eelam Sri Lanka - Documentary Part 1- Savetamils
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7
Heenayak Wage - Surendra Perera (Full HD New Sinhala Songs)
Heenayak Wage - Surendra Perera (Full HD New Sinhala Songs)
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real video krish
real video krish
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20 Popular English Words with Persian Origin
20 Popular English Words with Persian Origin
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10
Tamil  People History
Tamil People History
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Sinhala-Tamil New Year Part-2
Sinhala-Tamil New Year Part-2
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Isaipriya Raped by Srilankan Army, Genocide تجاوز ایران اسلام கற்பழிப்பு, சித்திரவதை தமிழ்
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13
Original Aradhana Sinhala Song - Movie Aradhana - Sung by Pandith W D Amaradewa
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Mahinda Rajapaksa Gangnam Style sinhala Funny
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isaipriya Raped And Killed By Sri lankan Army Dogs - Unpunished War Crime
isaipriya Raped And Killed By Sri lankan Army Dogs - Unpunished War Crime
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Anaconda snake killed in Nigeria
Anaconda snake killed in Nigeria
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Words of Life 4 SINHALESE (සිංහල) People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life 4 SINHALESE (සිංහල) People/Language Movie Trailer
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Cabbage Curry Recipe - Indian Vegetable Masala
Cabbage Curry Recipe - Indian Vegetable Masala
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Big Yellow Anaconda Snake - Eunectes Notaeus - Reptile - Snakes - Large Pet Snake
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21
Wonders of Sri Lanka Tour | Visit Magical Sri Lanka, Mattala International Airport
Wonders of Sri Lanka Tour | Visit Magical Sri Lanka, Mattala International Airport
DATE: 2015/04/24::
22
Abheetha Diyaniya Sinhala Song ( අභීත දියණිය )
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23
Man-Eating Anacondas - Documentary
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24
Prabhakaran speaks about black july 25 1983
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25
TAMIL BECOMES MOST SEARCHED WORD ON GOOGLE - TAMIL BOYZ - TNE WWH - WORLD WIDE HUSTLERS
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26
HOW TO TYPE IN SINHALA - LAKSHAN FERNANDO - www.masterlankan.com
HOW TO TYPE IN SINHALA - LAKSHAN FERNANDO - www.masterlankan.com
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27
Man-Eating Anacondas (Full Documentary)
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28
kakarakaya fry andhra style bittergourd fry చేదుగా లేకుండ కాకరకాయ ఫ్రై
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29
Man Eaten Alive by Anaconda for Discovery Channel - must see
Man Eaten Alive by Anaconda for Discovery Channel - must see
DATE: 2014/12/23::
30
National Anthem of Sri Lanka Namo Namo Matha
National Anthem of Sri Lanka Namo Namo Matha
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31
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Words of Life SINHALESE People/Language Movie Trailer
DATE: 2010/06/18::
32
Most Rev. Fr. Gacome Gonsalvez
Most Rev. Fr. Gacome Gonsalvez
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33
ANACONDA vs DIVER - Amazon River Monsters
ANACONDA vs DIVER - Amazon River Monsters
DATE: 2013/02/22::
34
♫ Baila Hits of Sri Lanka ♫ Surangani
♫ Baila Hits of Sri Lanka ♫ Surangani
DATE: 2007/03/16::
35
The Best Romantic sinhala Song ever Sina Thotak Wiya - Nirosha virajani
The Best Romantic sinhala Song ever Sina Thotak Wiya - Nirosha virajani
DATE: 2012/12/06::
36
Blessed Joseph Vaz handed over all responsibilities of leadership to Venerable Fr.Jacome Goncalvez
Blessed Joseph Vaz handed over all responsibilities of leadership to Venerable Fr.Jacome Goncalvez
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Thai Pongal In  Tamil
Thai Pongal In Tamil
DATE: 2014/12/21::
38
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon, Kandy Lake: Mango Salesman with little shop
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon, Kandy Lake: Mango Salesman with little shop
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39
Giant Anaconda Eats Cow For Lunch
Giant Anaconda Eats Cow For Lunch
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40
Удивительная Шри - Ланка // Amazing Sri Lanka
Удивительная Шри - Ланка // Amazing Sri Lanka
DATE: 2014/02/26::
41
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Barber shaving a client
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Barber shaving a client
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42
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Lottery ticket seller
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Lottery ticket seller
DATE: 2011/01/05::
43
Murukku
Murukku
DATE: 2014/11/15::
44
ANACONDA vs DIVER - Amazon River Monsters
ANACONDA vs DIVER - Amazon River Monsters
DATE: 2015/02/02::
45
Thai  Pongal Day
Thai Pongal Day
DATE: 2014/12/21::
46
Biryani rice with chicken - ביריאני - Biryani
Biryani rice with chicken - ביריאני - Biryani
DATE: 2013/02/09::
47
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Old market at night (01)
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Old market at night (01)
DATE: 2011/01/04::
48
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Fort Flying Kites (01)
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle,Fort Flying Kites (01)
DATE: 2011/10/06::
49
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle Busy Photo Studio
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle Busy Photo Studio
DATE: 2011/12/13::
50
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle Street life Busy Day
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Galle Street life Busy Day
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Tamil loanwords in Sinhala)
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Sinhala words of Tamil origin came about as part of the more than 2000 years of language interactions between Sinhala and Tamil in the island of Sri Lanka. Sinhala is classified as an Indo-Aryan language and Tamil is classified as a Dravidian language. Separated from its sister Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi and Bengali by a large belt of Dravidian languages, Sinhala along with Dhivehi of the Maldives evolved somewhat separately.

Close interaction with the Tamil language and the assimilation of Tamil immigrants from South India into Sinhalese society contributed to the adoption several Tamil origin words into the Sinhalese language. It is important to note that the range of borrowings goes beyond the scope to be expected for a situation where two neighbouring peoples exchange material goods: Firstly, there are many Tamil loanwords pertaining to everyday and social life (kinship terms, body parts, ordinary activities). Secondly, several lexical words (nouns, adjectives and verbs) along with interjections (ayiyō), (aḍō) have also been borrowed. This - along with the impact Tamil has had on Sinhala syntax (e.g. the use of a verbal adjective of "to say" as a subordinating conjunction meaning "whether" and "that") - is suggestive of not only close coexistence but the existence of large numbers of bilinguals and a high degree of mixing and intermarriage.

Kinds of loanwords[edit]

Borrowings

The words pertaining to the fields of commerce, administration, botany, food and military are the most numerous; this is to be expected because

  • new innovations and goods usually reached the Sinhalese via the Tamils whose area of settlement separates them from the rest of South Asia and
  • Tamil-speaking Muslims conducted most of the island's foreign trade since the 10th century.


The borrowing process[edit]

Tamil loanwords in Sinhala can appear in the same form as the original word (e.g. akkā), but this is quite rare. Usually, a word has undergone some kind of modification to fit into the Sinhala phonological (e.g. paḻi becomes paḷi(ya) because the sound of /ḻ/, [ɻ], does not exist in the Sinhala phoneme inventory) or morphological system (e.g. ilakkam becomes ilakkama because Sinhala inanimate nouns (see grammatical gender) need to end with /a/, [ə], in order to be declineable).

These are the main ways Tamil words are incorporated into the Sinhala lexicon with different endings:

  • With an /a/ added to Tamil words ending in /m/ and other consonants (e.g. pālam > pālama).
  • With a /ya/ or /va/ added to words ending in vowels (e.g. araḷi > araliya).
  • With the Tamil ending /ai/ represented as /ē/, commonly spelt /aya/.
  • With the animate ending /yā/ added to Tamil words signifying living beings or /yā/ replacing the Tamil endings /aṉ/, /ar/, etc. (e.g. caṇṭiyar > caṇḍiyā).

It can be observed that the Tamil phonemes /ḷ/ and /ḻ/ do not coherently appear as /ḷ/ in Sinhala but sometimes as /l/ as well. This is because in Sinhala pronunciation there is no distinction between /ḷ/ and /l/; the letter /ḷ/ is merely maintained as an etymological spelling.

Time of borrowing[edit]

In many cases, the appearance of a loanword in a language indicates whether the borrowing is old or more recent: The more a word deviates from the "original" one, the longer it must have been a part of the respective lexicon, because while being used, a word can undergo changes (sometimes regular sound changes along with the native words). The inversion of this argument is not possible since loanwords already matching the linguistic requirements of the target language may remain unchanged. Thus, the word täpäl (Tamil tapāl) gives away its old age because the respective umlaut processes took place before the 8th century; iḍama (Tamil iṭam) however needn't be a recent borrowing, because no sound changes that could have affected this word have taken place in Sinhala since at least the 13th century.

List of words[edit]

In the following list, Tamil words are romanized in accordance with Tamil spelling. This results in seeming discrepancies in voicing between Sinhala words and their Tamil counterparts. Sinhala borrowing however has taken place on the basis of the sound of the Tamil words; thus, the word ampalam, [ambalam], logically results in the Sinhala spelling ambalama, and so forth. However, the Tamil language used here for comparison is Tamil as spoken in Sri Lanka.

Note: For information on the transcription used, see National Library at Calcutta romanization and Tamil script. Exceptions from the standard are the romanization of Sinhala long "ä" ([æː]) as "ää", and the non-marking of prenasalized stops.

Verbs[edit]

Several verbs have been adopted into Sinhala from the Tamil language. The vast majority of these are compound verbs consisting of a Tamil origin primary verb and a Sinhala origin light verb.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mar Thomma Margam by Pathikulangara Varghese Kathanar
  • Coperahewa, Sandagomi and Arunachalam,Sarojini Devi Sinhala Bhashave Demala Vacana Akaradiya[Dictionary of Tamil Words in Sinhala] (Colombo: S.Godage, 2002).
  • Gair, James (1998). Studies in South Asian Linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 368. ISBN 0-19-509521-9. 
  • Geiger, Wilhelm: Linguistic Character of Sinhalese, in: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon), Vol. XXXIV
  • Gunasekara, A.M.: A Comprehensive Grammar of the Sinhalese Language, Colombo 1891 (reprint New Delhi 1986), ISBN 81-206-0106-8 (§234: Naturalised and derived words from Tamil)

External links[edit]

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