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Map of Rizal showing the location of Tanay
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|District||2nd District of Rizal|
|• Mayor||Rafael A. Tanjuatco|
|• Total||200.00 km2 (77.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Tanay is a first class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is located 57 kilometres (35 mi) east of Manila, although a typical commute between Manila and Tanay will take between one to three hours depending upon traffic conditions. It contains portions of the Sierra Madre Mountains and is bordered by Antipolo City in the northwest, Baras, Morong and Teresa in the west, General Nakar (Quezon Province) in the east, and Pililla, Santa Maria (Laguna province) as well as the lake Laguna de Bay in the south.
According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 98,879 people.
Tanay was settled by early Austronesian people. Shortly after the conquest and subjugation of Manila by the Spaniards and the surrounding lake areas by Juan de Salcedo in 1570-1574, Franciscan missionaries arrived to Christianize the inhabitants of what is now the Morong-Pililla area. In 1583, both Morong and Pililla were created as separate towns with Tanay forming part of Pililla.
Tanay was founded as a separate pueblo (town) in 1606 under the name "Monte de Tan-ay". In 1620, administration was moved to San Antonio (now called Inalsan or Pantay) and Tandang Kutyo. In 1638, the town was burned during an uprising of Chinese living in the area, and the town was rebuilt in 1640 at the present day location.
In 1747, the town of Tanay consisted of only eight barangays, namely Nuestra Senora del Rosario, Sa Josep, San Ildefonso de Tanay, San Francisco de Maytubig, San Pedro de Alcantara, San Lucas y San Antonio, San Apostol and San Agustin de Balugbog.
In 1853, a new political subdivision was formed. The town of Tanay together with Morong, Baras, Pililla, Angono, Binangonan and Jalajala form the Province of La Laguna, with the capital at Morong. This district was later changed to Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong after four years.
Tanay became a Municipality in 1894 as an effect of the Spanish Maura Law. The first election of Public Office took place in 1895–1898 and 1898–1900 under the Revolutionary Government of the Philippines.
Tanay members of the Katipunan fought valiantly during the Revolution against Spain. The town was the headquarters of the second military area of the Philippine Revolutionary Government under General Emilio Aguinaldo. And for a brief period between 1899 and 1900, Tanay served as the capital of the then Morong Province after Philippine–American War broke out and the American forces invaded the lake towns and captured Antipolo.
In 1900-1901, Tanay as was under the Government appointed by the American Military under Taft Commission. From 1903–1934 the town leadership was under the American rule then in 1934 Tanay was under the Commonwealth of the Philippines as the Tydings–McDuffie Act was approved on March 24, 1934 until the Philippines fell to the hands of the Japanese during the Second World War in 1942.
In 1942–1945 the Mountains of Tanay served as the Guerrilla base for 'Marking's Fil-American Guerrillas, beginning the Liberation of Tanay on March, 1945 a very decorated by the Filipino soldiers of the 41st and 42nd Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 4th Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the recognized guerrillas against the Japanese occupation forces during World War II. Gen. Agustin Marking is buried in a private cemetery by the road overlooking his son's farm in Sampaloc.
In October 2003, deposed Philippine president Joseph Estrada was transferred to a rest home in Sampaloc, a mountain barangay. He remained under house arrest until he was given executive clemency by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
During the Typhoon Ketsana (Ondoy) on September 26, 2009, Tanay was one of the hardest hit towns due to the rising of Laguna Lake and the flooding of Tanay River.
|Population census of Tanay|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The majority of the population consists of Tagalogs who live near Laguna de Bay, though there is also a significant percentage of mountain dwelling people living in the northern portions of the municipality. The town's major trades consist of fishing, agriculture and regional commerce.
Most of the residents are Roman Catholic which consists of 50,126 (58%). Other Christian Religions like Iglesia ni Cristo, Born Again Christian, Jehovah's Witness, Jesus Miracle Crusade, Pentecostal and others are (38%). While Muslims, Hindus and other religions (4%).
|Position||Name||Political Party||Term of Service|
|Mayor||Rafael "Lito" Tanjuatco||LAKAS/KAMPI/NPC/PMP/LDP/LABAN/UNA||3rd|
|Vice-Mayor||Jaime "Jimmy" Vista||LAKAS/KAMPI||2nd|
|Councilor||Mitchelle Maricora Catameo||LAKAS||1st|
|Councilor||Rommel "Ram" Magwili||LP||2nd|
|Councilor||Elena O. Villanueva||LP||3rd|
|ABC Chairman||Ruel Estrella||LP||1st|
The Municipal Council approved the P80+ million budget for the construction of the new municipal building of Tanay. The lending company will be the Landbank of the Philippines, Tanay Branch. Certain issues and debates from different sectors and influential names about the construction arrouses, and still now under public consultation and hearing.
San Ildefonso Church was built from 1773 to 1783.
From 1573 to 1582 two Franciscan missionaries, Fr. Juan de Plasencia and Fr. Diego de Oropesa traveled and established missions in lakeshore towns and villages along the north coast of Laguna de Bay, also known as Lake of Bai, as well as the nearby mountain villages of Sierra Madre. It was at this time that Pilang-Morong as Pililla was then called was made a "visita" or barrio of Morong town. Several communities of the un-baptized, called "rancherías" by the Spaniards, were placed under Pililla, among them Monte Tan-ay whose leader was Don Francisco Casag.
Pililla separated from Morong in 1583 and became an independent town and parish and Monte Tan-ay was made a "visita" under the jurisdiction of Pililla.
In turn, Monte Tan-ay separated from Pililla in 1606 and was made an independent parish, San Ildefonso de Toledo, by popular choice, became its patron saint with Fray Pedro de Talavera as first parish priest until 1608. It was also in 1606 that he founded the mission of San Antonio in Pantay.
The town was subsequently transferred to San Antonio (The second site of Tanay) in 1620 without changing its patron saint. Shortly after, its church made of wood and cogon grass for its roof was burned down by hostile Aetas by means of flaming arrows. According to church records, only a very old image of La Purisima Concepcion (painted by the Spanish painter, Murillo) was saved. It was believed to have been left in haste by the retreating Spanish forces of Captain Juan de Salcedo that were defeated and driven back by the natives of Monte Tan-ay that they came to subdue in 1572.
In 1639 a very serious Chinese uprising erupted in La Laguna and spread to Manila and Bulacan. When government forces subdued the uprising, a very big remnant of Chinese rebels in flight numbering around 13,700 arrived in the mountain of Tanay and established their camps in Monte Tan-ay (now called Inalsan) and Pantay (Tanay's second site). Fearing that the Chinese might harm the image, the Franciscan parish priest, Fr. Geronimo de Frias, hid the La Purisima Concepcion inside the jungle nearby. When the combined Spanish-Filipino forces discovered where those Chinese were encamped, they made a very well-planned attack, had their first engagement with the Chinese on January 23, 1640, and Monte Tan-ay or Inalsan fell. The Chinese garrisoned at Pantay became so alarmed so that the following day, January 24, 1640 they left in haste after placing the town to the torch. The town people fled, then dispersed and most of them took refuge in Pililla. In the same year, Fr. Geronimo de Frias and Fr. Diego de San Yldefonso urged them to regroup and with their consent decided then and there to transfer the town of Tanay to its present site although some families opted to remain in Inalsan and Pantay to continue their livelihood there. So they came down in 1640 and established the town of Tanay and parish of San Ildefonso de Toledo in the present site.
Tradition has it that three of the fleeing Chinese soldiers unwittingly discovered the image of La Purisima Concepcion that was hidden in the jungle. Two of them threw their spears at the image but these miraculously turned around at the throwers and killed them both. The third soldier who witnessed this event became so terrified that he committed suicide by hanging himself from a tree, on account of which, the place is still called Binitinan or Pinagbigtihan (Place of Hanging) to this day. This story is attested to not only in tradition but is also recorded or accounted in the church annals of the Franciscans in the Philippines.
In memory of that event, a feast in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary was celebrated the following year on January 24, 1641, the day after the feast day of San Ildefonso de Toledo, the patron saint on January 23, and onwards up to the present, year after year, after year.
For 38 years or so, the people of Tanay suffered their church to be made of bamboo and cogon grass for roofing. But in 1678 at their insistence, Fr. Pedro de Espallargas initiated the building of a stone church like the one in Pililla which was built in 1673 and is still in use. This first stone church in Tanay faced east, occupying a large part of what is now Tanay Park. This was completed in 1680 largely through the donations by the people so deeply devoted to the Purisima Concepcion and the first mass was celebrated on April 20, 1680.
The present church was started in 1773 through the initiative of Fr. Alonso de Fentanes and the people of Tanay because the old church which was completed in 1680 was already greatly damaged due to natural calamities such as typhoons and strong earthquakes. It was completed in 1783 while the 6 retablos in honor of Nuestra Señora de las Angustias, of La Purisima Concepcion, of San Josef, of San Pedro de Alcantara, of the Baptism of our Lord and of San Ildefonso de Toledo, more popularly called the retablo mayor were finished in 1785 and installed the following year, 1786.
The 14 Stations of the Cross inside our church has an anomaly that can hardly be missed, The first twelve bear marks and features revealing the Malayan or native characteristics incorporated such as the somewhat squat appearance of the figures, including Jesus, the use of "Tambuli" made from carabao horn and of the "tabak" or native bolo instead of the usual Roman sword, while the last two bears features that are unmistakably Caucasian. Although the construction of the Stations of the Cross were not recorded in the books of the church, it is widely believed that the first twelve were done by a native artist of Tanay. Another anomaly is usually noticed in the 7 th station by visitors where Caiaphas, the High Priest wears a sunglass. All told, it is considered to be one of the most beautiful Stations of the Cross in all of Asia.
Towards the end of 1999 our church was declared as one of the five Jubilee Churches in the Diocese of Antipolo. It was honored us such when the Papal Nuncio to the Philippines, Most Rev. Antonio Franco visited and prayed inside the church on June 22, of the Jubilee Year 2000.
Another great honor was endowed our church when, on July 31, 2001 it was declared a National Cultural Heritage by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts along with 25 other churches all over the Philippines.
The municipality also held its festival named HANE Festival. HANE comes from their term of saying OK. For example: "Do a great job OK?" or when you are in Tanay townsfolk will say, "Do a great job HANE? or in Tagalog: Galingan mo trabaho mo HANE?. It starts November 12 which happens to be the anniversary of San Ildefonso Parish, the towns Parish, and ends November 20. It presents the beauty of Tanay, Street Parades and Contests and Amateurs on Tanay Park every day of the festival. The festival begins when the soldiers fire the cannon with Bishop Gabriel Reyes, Rev. Fr. Noeh Elnar and Rev. Fr. Jose Evan Yuri Alumbro after the mass for the Anniversary of the Parish. The festival's first year was 2011.
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